This chapter establishes the minimum safety requirements for, and governs the design, construction, installation, alteration, maintenance, inspection, test and operation of, elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, moving walks, industrial lifts and loading ramps, mechanical parking equipment, console or stage lifts, power operated scaffolds, amusement devices, and special hoisting and conveying equipment. This chapter and all the provisions of this code for new installations shall also apply to elevators in existing buildings moved to new hoistways. High-rise buildings elevators shall also conform to the provisions of Section 403 of this code.
Except as otherwise provided for in this code, the design, construction, installation, alteration, repair and maintenance of elevators and other conveying systems and their components shall conform to ASME A17.1 as modified by Appendix K, ASME A17.2, ASME A18.1, ASME A17.5, ANSI A10.5, ASME QEI-1, ASME A90.1, ASME B20.1 as modified by Appendix K, ALI ALCTV, and for construction in areas of special flood hazard, Appendix G.
Passenger elevators required to be accessible by Chapter 11 shall conform to ICC A117.1.
A change in use of an elevator from freight to passenger, passenger to freight, or from one freight class to another freight class shall comply with Section 8.7 of ASME A17.1.
No piping or ductwork of any kind shall be permitted within hoistway or elevator enclosures except:
- As required for the elevator installation; and
- Low voltage wiring less than 50 volts required for fire alarm systems required by this code.
A mirror shall be installed in each self-service passenger elevator in in multiple dwellings. Such mirror shall be affixed and maintained in a manner sufficient to enable persons entering such elevator to view the inside thereof prior to entry to determine whether any person is in the elevator.
Elevators with car switch operation (manual operation) shall be provided with a signal system by means of which signals can be given from any landing whenever the elevator is desired at that landing.
The following devices shall be prohibited:
The installation of manlifts is prohibited.
Applications for elevator, escalator, moving walkway and stairway, dumbwaiter, and similar equipment shall contain construction documents that include the following:
- The location of all machinery, switchboards, junction boxes, and reaction points, with loads indicated;
- The details of all hoistway conditions including bracket spacing;
- The estimated maximum vertical forces on the guide rails on application of the safety device;
- In the case of freight elevators for class B or C loading, the horizontal forces on the guide-rail faces during loading and unloading; and the estimated maximum horizontal forces in a postwise direction on the guide-rail faces on application of the safety device;
- The size and weight per foot of any rail reinforcements where provided;
- Compliance with the accessibility features of this code;
- The details of capability of the withstanding forces (impact) on door entrance assembly and retaining devices;
- The withstanding hourly fire rating of the hoistway and the hoistway door assembly;
- The impact loads imposed on machinery and sheave beams, supports and floors or foundations;
- The impact load on buffer supports due to buffer engagement at the maximum permissible speed and load;
- Where compensation tie down is applied, the load on the compensation tie down supports; and
- The total static and dynamic loads from the governor, buffer and tension system.
Openings in hoistway enclosures shall be protected as required in Chapter 7.
Where four or more elevator cars serve all or the same portion of a building, the elevators shall be located in at least two separate hoistways. Not more than four elevator cars shall be located in any single hoistway enclosure. Elevators that service different risers shall be located in separate hoistways.
An approved pictorial sign of a standardized design shall be posted adjacent to each elevator call station on all floors instructing occupants to use the exit stairways and not to use the elevators in case of fire. The sign shall read: IN FIRE EMERGENCY, DO NOT USE ELEVATOR. USE EXIT STAIRS. The emergency sign shall not be required for elevators that are part of an accessible means of egress complying with 1007.4.
In buildings five stories in height or more, at least one elevator shall be provided for Fire Department emergency access to all floors. Emergency power shall be provided in accordance with Sections 2702 and 3003. Such elevator car shall be of such a size and arrangement to accommodate a 24-inch by 76-inch (610 mm by 1930 mm) ambulance stretcher in the horizontal, open position and shall be identified by the international symbol for emergency medical services (star of life). The symbol shall not be less than 3 inches (76 mm) high and shall be placed on both jambs of the hoistway entrances on each floor.
Where an elevator is installed in a single blind hoistway or on the outside of a building, there shall be installed in the blind portion of the hoistway or blank face of the building, an emergency door in accordance with ASME A17.1.
Standby power shall be manually transferable to all elevators in each bank.
*Section BC 3003.1.1 was amended by: Local Law 111 of 2013 — Update #83. This law has an effective date of December 02, 2013.
Where two or more elevators are controlled by a common operating system, all elevators shall automatically transfer to standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal power where the standby power source is of sufficient capacity to operate all elevators at the same time. Where the standby power source is not of sufficient capacity to operate all elevators at the same time, all elevators shall transfer to standby power in sequence, return to the designated landing and disconnect from the standby power source. After all elevators have been returned to the designated level, at least three elevators shall remain operable from the standby power source.
*Section BC 3003.1.3 was amended by: Local Law 111 of 2013 — Update #83. This law has an effective date of December 02, 2013.
Elevators shall be provided with Phase I emergency recall operation and Phase II emergency in-car operation in accordance with ASME A17.1 as modified by Appendix K.
Except as provided in Section 3003.3.2, in high-rise buildings as defined in Section 403, all floors shall be served by at least one elevator that shall be kept available for immediate use by the Fire Department during all hours of the night and day, including holidays, Saturdays and Sundays. There shall be available at all times a person competent to operate the elevator. However, an attendant shall not be required for buildings with occupied floors of 150 feet (45 720 mm) or less above the lowest level of the fire department vehicle access that have elevators with automatic or continuous pressure operation with keyed switches meeting the requirements of ASME A17.1 as modified by Appendix K so as to permit sole use of the elevators by the Fire Department.
A number of elevators shall be kept available at every floor for the sole use of the Fire Department as required by Section 3003.3.2.1 and Section 3003.3.2.2. This requirement shall apply to the following types of buildings:
Where a floor is serviced by more than three elevator cars, at least three elevator cars with a total rated load capacity of not less than 6,000 pounds (2722 kg) shall be kept available for sole use by the Fire Department. Such cars shall include not more than two cars that service all floors and at least one other car in another bank servicing that floor. If the total load capacity of all cars servicing the floor is less than 6,000 pounds (2722 kg), all such cars shall be kept available for sole use by the Fire Department.
In high rise buildings classified in occupancy groups A, B, E, F, H, I, M and S, in low-rise buildings classified in occupancy group B with a gross area of 200,000 square feet (18 581 m2) or more and in buildings classified in occupancy group R-1 or R-2, all other automatically operated cars shall have manual operation capability.
Hoistway enclosures may be vented in accordance with the following:
- Location of vents:
- The vents in the side of the hoistway enclosure below the elevator machine room floor or in the roof of the hoistway shall open either directly to the outer air or through non-combustible ducts to the outer air.
- The vents in the wall or roof of an overhead elevator machine room through the smoke hole in the top of the elevator hoistway shall be vented to the outer air through non-combustible ducts.
- Area of vents. The area of vents in the hoistway or the elevator machine room and the smoke hole shall be not less than 31/2 percent of the area of the hoistway nor less than 3 square feet (0.28 m2) for each elevator car, whichever is greater. Such vents shall comply with the following requirements:
- Open Vents. Of the total required vent area, not less than one-third shall be permanently open or equipped with an openable hinged damper. The smoke hole shall be permanently open.
- Closed Vents. The two-thirds closed portion of the required vent area either in the hoistway enclosure or in the elevator machine room may consist of windows or skylights glazed with annealed glass not more than 1/8-inch (3.2 mm) thick. A closed damper that opens upon the activation of a smoke detector placed at the top of the hoistway shall be considered closed.
Hoistway enclosures may be mechanically vented. The system of mechanical ventilation shall be of sufficient capacity to exhaust at least 12 air changes per hour of the volume of such hoistways through a roof or an approved location on an exterior wall other than the lot line wall. Such system shall comply with the following requirements:
- The smoke detector shall be placed at the top of the hoistway and shall activate the mechanical ventilation system.
- Such mechanical ventilation system shall not pass through the overnight sleeping areas of a hotel, multiple dwelling, hospital, or similar buildings.
- Such mechanical ventilation system shall be equipped with a manual shut-off in or near the elevator control panel at the designated level.
Conveying systems shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Escalator floor openings shall be enclosed except where Exception 2 of Section 707.2 is satisfied.
Conveyors and related equipment shall comply with ASME B20.1.
An approved means of access shall be provided to elevator machine rooms and overhead machinery spaces.
Elevator machine rooms that contain solid-state equipment for elevator operation shall be provided with an independent ventilation or air-conditioning system to protect against the overheating of the electrical equipment. The system shall be capable of maintaining temperatures within the range established for the elevator equipment.
The elevator machine room serving a pressurized elevator hoistway shall be pressurized upon activation of a heat or smoke detector located in the elevator machine room.
Elevator machine rooms and machinery spaces shall be enclosed with construction having a fire-resistance rating not less than the required rating of the hoistway enclosure served by the machinery. Openings shall be protected with assemblies having a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the hoistway enclosure doors.
Sprinklers are not permitted in elevator machine rooms.
Plumbing systems not related to elevator machinery shall not be located in elevator equipment rooms.
Gear-driven machinery, gearless machinery, and motor generators located in an elevator machinery room or shaft on a roof, or on a floor other than a floor on grade, shall be supported on vibration isolator pads having a minimum thickness of 1/2 inch (12.7 mm).
No service equipment shall be placed in operation until a service equipment certificate of compliance has been obtained in accordance with the provisions of this code.
At the time a service equipment certificate of compliance is issued, an inspection certificate issued by the commissioner shall be posted. No such inspection certificate shall be issued for elevators that are not subject to periodic inspections pursuant to this code. The inspection certificate shall be in such form as the commissioner shall determine by rule and shall be posted in a frame with a transparent cover in the car of every passenger and freight elevator and on or near every escalator and moving walk and power operated scaffold.
In lieu of posting the inspection certificate in those locations specified in this section, the inspection certificate may be kept in the on-site building manager's office. In such case, the building manager's office must be open during normal business hours. In addition, notice must be posted in each location and kept in a frame with a transparent cover, or a plaque with an indelible inscription, stating that the inspection certificate is located in the building manager's office and identifying the location of such office.
The commissioner may issue temporary use certificates for any equipment or device regulated by this code, except power-operated scaffolds, provided that such partial use and operation may be made safely and without endangering public health, safety, and welfare and provided further that such temporary use certificate shall not be issued for a period of more than thirty calendar days, subject to renewal for additional thirty-day periods at the discretion of the commissioner. Temporary use certificates for elevators shall also be conditioned upon compliance with the following:
- The class of service to be permitted shall be designated on the temporary use certificate.
- The hoistway shall be enclosed throughout in an enclosure complying with ASME 17.1 or with a temporary enclosure in accordance with the requirements for workers' elevators (temporary elevators) of the Industrial Code of the State of New York, No. 23.
With the exception of automatic operation, continuous pressure elevators and sidewalk elevators, every passenger and freight elevator with a rise of more than one story shall be in the charge of a designated competent operator, who shall be at least 18 years old, free from serious physical or mental defects, and selected with consideration of his or her abilities to perform his or her duties in a careful and competent manner. Such designated competent operator shall be instructed in accordance with requirements of department rules.
Operators of amusement devices shall meet the requirements of rules of the department.
Other devices regulated by this code shall, when deemed necessary by the commissioner to protect public safety, be in the charge of a designated competent operator conforming to such qualifications as the commissioner may prescribe, except that operators for workers' hoists shall be assigned as required by the applicable provisions of ASME 10.4
If the commissioner finds that any person engaged in operating an elevator, amusement, or other device is not competent to operate the elevator, amusement or other device, the owner, agent or lessee of such elevator, amusement, or other device shall, upon notice from the commissioner, discontinue the operation of such device by such operator.
When an existing or new automatic passenger elevator in any building or structure is being serviced by an elevator maintenance company, elevator maintenance personnel, or other person and there are no maintenance personnel available to remain in the elevator car, "CAUTION" sign tapes shall be placed across the car door jamb. One strip of "CAUTION" sign tape shall be placed at a height of 18 inches (457 mm) above the car floor and another strip of "CAUTION" sign tape shall be placed at a height of 54 inches (1372 mm) above the car floor.
The owner of any device regulated by this chapter shall promptly notify the commissioner of every accident involving injury to any person requiring the services of a physician or damage to property or to apparatus exceeding one thousand dollars on, about, or in connection with such equipment, before commencing any repairs and shall afford the commissioner every facility for investigating such accident or damage. The commissioner shall make an investigation immediately thereafter, and shall prepare a full and complete report of such investigation. Such report shall give in detail all material facts and information available and the cause or causes as far as they can be determined. Such report shall be a public record. When an accident involves the failure or destruction of any part of the construction or operating mechanism of such equipment, no such equipment shall be used until it has been made safe, and re-inspected by the commissioner; and the commissioner may order the discontinuance of such equipment until a new service equipment certificate has been issued by him or her for its use. No part shall be removed from the premises of the damaged construction or operating mechanism until permission to do so has been granted by the commissioner.