220.127.116.11 carrying channel — The term "carrying channel" shall mean the three sided or "[" shaped-metal sections that support the entire structural grid network (Figure 1A, 1B, and 1C). The carrying channels are suspended by hangers from the existing structure and main runners are then attached to the channels.
18.104.22.168 cross runner — The term "cross runner" shall mean the secondary or cross beams of a mechanical ceiling suspension (Figure 1A). The cross runners normally support only the acoustical tile. In some forms of suspension systems, the cross runners also provide support for other cross runners.
22.214.171.124 hanger — The term "hanger" shall mean the member employed to suspend the acoustical ceiling from the existing structure (wood joists, steel bar joists, steel beams, concrete slabs, etc.) (Figure 1A, 1B, and 1C).
126.96.36.199 main runner — The term "main runner" shall mean the primary or main beams of the type of ceiling suspension system in Figure 1A and Figure 1B. The main runners provide direct support for cross runners, and they may support lighting fixtures and air diffusers. In addition, the acoustical tile may also be directly supported by the main runners. The main runners are installed perpendicular to the carrying channels and are supported by specially designed sheet metal or wire clips attached to the carrying channels (Figure 1A, 1B).
4.5 Splines shall not be considered as providing nor shall be used for providing structural support for the ceiling material.
2.1.3 Hangers shall be spaced a maximum of 4 feet 6 inches (1372 mm) on center. Each hanger shall be capable of supporting the suspended load in accordance with the provisions of this code. If local situations require greater center distances between hangers, the load-carrying capacity of the ceiling suspension system shall be reduced commensurate with the actual center-to-center hanger distances used.
2.1.4 Hangers shall be designed to support the suspended loads and shall be a minimum 1/4 inch (6.4mm) diameter galvanized steel rods or 1 inch×1/8inch thick (25 mm ×3.2 mm) flat steel bars. The use of steel wire as a hanger shall not be permitted.
2.1.5 Each connection of a hanger to a structural member of the building shall be in accordance with Section 188.8.131.52 or 184.108.40.206 as applicable.
220.127.116.11 Construction Types I and II. In buildings of Types I and II construction, hangers shall be attached to the structure of the building in accordance with the applicable structural systems indicated in Figures 1A and 1B.
18.104.22.168 Construction types III, IV, and V. Every other hanger supported from wood structural members of the building shall be attached by two 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) diameter through bolts or clinched nails. However, every other hanger shall be permitted to be attached by two 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) diameter barbed anchor nails 21/4 inches (57 mm) long with oval heads. All bolts and nails shall be inserted at least 2 inches (51 mm) above the bottom of the wood members.
2.1.6 Existing hangers shall not be used unless they comply, or are made to comply, with all of the provisions of this code relating to hangers.
2.1.7 Carrying channels shall be attached to hangers in a manner that will prevent any vertical movement or rotation. If hangers are secured to special attachment devices that support the carrying channels, such devices shall have certified load test data from an approved testing agency and shall be capable of carrying four times the design load.
2.2.3 Local kinks or bends shall not be made in hangers as a means of leveling the carrying channels.
2.2.4 Carrying channels shall be designed to support the suspended loads, and shall be a minimum 11/2 inches deep (38 mm) cold-rolled steel channel weighing 0.457 pounds per linear foot (0.707 kg/m) and shall be given an electro-galvanized, hot dipped galvanized cadmium coating, or zinc coating.
2.3.1 Main runners shall be installed such that they are level within 1/8 inch vertical in 12 feet horizontal (1-percent slope) when the main runner is in firm contact with the carrying channel.
2.3.2 Main runners shall be supported from the carrying channels. Direct hung suspension systems where the main runners are supported directly to the existing structure shall not be permitted indirect hung or furring bar suspension systems designed and installed in accordance with this code and utilizing carrying channels shall be permitted.
2.3.3 Main runners shall be attached to the carrying channels in a manner that will prevent any vertical movement or rotation.
2.3.4 If the main runners are supported from the carrying channels by special devices, such devices shall be capable of carrying four times the design load. The devices shall be load tested by an approved testing agency that shall certify the devices are in compliance with this code. Such certifications shall be made available to the department and the applicant of record upon request.
2.7.2 Fixtures shall not be supported from main runners if the weight of the fixture causes the total dead load to exceed the deflection capability of the ceiling suspension system. Fixtures exceeding 80 lbs (36 kg) in weight shall be supported independent of the ceiling suspension system. Fixtures weighing 80 lbs (36 kg) or less may be supported from the carrying channels. Fixtures weighing 50 lbs (23 kg) or less may be supported from the main runners. Cross runners shall not be used to support fixtures.
2.7.5 The construction documents shall show the necessary details of the acoustical ceiling to identify the number, size, spacing, location, weights, and types of fixtures and means employed to comply with these requirements.
FIGURE 1A INDIRECT HUNG SUSPENSION SYSTEM
FIGURE 1A HANGER CONNECTION DETAILS FOR CONSTRUCTION GROUPS I AND II
FIGURE 1B INDIRECT HUNG SUSPENSION SYSTEM
FIGURE 1B HANGER CONNECTION DETAILS FOR CONSTRUCTION GROUPS I AND II
FIGURE 1C FURRING BAR SUSPENSION SYSTEM