Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
This chapter shall establish the minimum safety requirements for and shall govern the installation, alteration and repair of boilers, water heaters and pressure vessels.
- Pressure vessels used for unheated water supply.
- Portable unfired pressure vessels and Interstate Commerce Commission containers.
- Containers for bulk oxygen and medical gas.
- Unfired pressure vessels having a volume of 5 cubic feet (0.14 m3) or less operating at pressures not exceeding 250 pounds per square inch (psi) (1724 kPa) and located within occupancies of Groups B, F, H, M, R, S and U.
- Pressure vessels used in refrigeration systems that are regulated by Chapter 11 of this code.
- Pressure tanks used in conjunction with coaxial cables, telephone cables, power cables and other similar humidity control systems.
Potable water heaters and hot water storage tanks shall be listed and labeled and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions, the New York City Plumbing Code and this code. All water heaters shall be capable of being removed without first removing a permanent portion of the building structure. The potable water connections and relief valves for all water heaters shall conform to the requirements of the New York City Plumbing Code. Domestic electric water heaters shall comply with UL 174 or UL 1453. Commercial electric water heaters shall comply with UL 1453. Oil-fired water heaters shall comply with UL 732.
Water heaters utilized both to supply potable hot water and provide hot water for space-heating applications shall be listed and labeled for such applications by the manufacturer, and shall be built in accordance with Section IV of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code with an "H" code stamp. They shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions, the ASME Code and the New York City Plumbing Code.
Water heaters utilized for both potable water heating and space-heating applications shall be sized to prevent the space-heating load from diminishing the required potable water-heating capacity.
Where a combination potable water-heating and space-heating system requires water for space heating at temperatures higher than 140°F (60°C), a tempering valve shall be provided to temper the water supplied to the potable hot water distribution system to a temperature of 140°F (60°C) or less.
Oil-fired boilers and their control systems shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 726. Electric boilers and their control systems shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 834. Boilers shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the requirements of ASME CSD-1 and as applicable: the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Sections I, II, IV, V, VI, VIII and IX; 12 NYCRR Parts 4 and 14; NFPA 8501; NFPA 8502; and NFPA 8504.
In addition to the requirements of this code, the installation of boilers shall conform to the manufacturer's instructions. Operating instructions of a permanent type shall be attached to the boiler. Boilers shall have all controls set, adjusted and tested by the installer. The manufacturer's rating data and the nameplate shall be attached to the boiler.
Clearances shall be maintained around boilers, generators, heaters, tanks and related equipment and appliances so as to permit inspection, servicing, repair, replacement and visibility of all gauges. When boilers are installed or replaced, clearance shall be provided to allow access for inspection, maintenance and repair. Passageways around all sides of boilers shall have an unobstructed width of not less than 18 inches (457 mm), unless otherwise approved, by the commissioner.
High-pressure steam boilers having a steam-generating capacity in excess of 5,000 pounds per hour (2268 kg/h) or having a heating surface in excess of 1,000 square feet (93 m2) or input in excess of 5,000,000 Btu/h (1465 kW) shall have a minimum clearance of 7 feet (2134 mm) from the top of the boiler to the ceiling. Steam-heating boilers and hot-water-heating boilers that exceed one of the following limits: 5,000,000 Btu/h input (1465 kW); 5,000 pounds of steam per hour (2268 kg/h) capacity or a 1,000-square-foot (93 m2) heating surface; and high-pressure steam boilers that do not exceed one of the following limits: 5,000,000 Btu/h input (1465 kW); 5,000 pounds of steam per hour (2268 kg/h) capacity or a 1,000-square-foot (93 m2) heating surface; and all boilers with manholes on top of the boiler, shall have a minimum clearance of 3 feet (914 mm) from the top of the boiler to the ceiling. Package boilers, steam-heating boilers and hot-water-heating boilers without manholes on top of the shell and not exceeding one of the limits of this section shall have a minimum clearance of 2 feet (610 mm) from the ceiling.
Equipment and appliances shall be set or mounted on a level base capable of supporting and distributing the weight contained thereon. Boilers, tanks and equipment shall be securely anchored to the structure. Equipment and appliances requiring vibration isolation shall be installed as designed by a registered design professional in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.
Boilers shall be mounted on floors of noncombustible construction, unless listed for mounting on combustible flooring.
Gas and oil modulating burners shall be provided with burner controls (oil and gas equivalent ratings) in accordance with Table 1004.8.
|TYPE OF CONTROL||GROSS OUTPUT FIRING RATE OF THE BOILER OR
THE BURNER OIL DELIVERY RATE (gph), WHICHEVER IS GREATER
|Combustion Controls||#6 Oil||#4 Oil||#2 Oil|
|Low-High-Off with low fire start||20 to <30||10 to <30||10 to <30|
|Low-High-Low-Off with proven low fire star||30 to <50||30 to <50||30 to <50|
|Full Modulation with proven low fire start||50||50||50|
|Full Modulation with proven low fire start as well as cross-limited oxygen trim (dry cell electrochemical type)||350||350||350|
Every boiler or modular boiler shall have a shutoff valve in the supply and return piping. For multiple boiler or multiple modular boiler installations, each boiler or modular boiler shall have individual shutoff valves in the supply and return piping.
Exception: Shutoff valves are not required in a system having a single low-pressure steam boiler of 350,000 Btu/h (103 kW) output or less.
The water supply to all boilers shall be connected in accordance with the New York City Plumbing Code.
Hot water boilers shall be protected with a safety relief valve.
Safety or relief valves shall be installed directly into the safety or relief valve opening on the boiler or pressure vessel. Valves shall not be located on either side of a safety or relief valve connection. The relief valve shall discharge by gravity.
Safety and relief valve discharge pipes shall be of rigid pipe that is approved for the temperature of the system. The discharge pipe shall be the same diameter as the safety or relief valve outlet. Safety and relief valves shall not discharge so as to be a hazard, a potential cause of damage or otherwise a nuisance. High-pressure-steam safety valves shall be vented to the outside of the structure. Where a low-pressure safety valve or a relief valve discharges to the drainage system, the installation shall conform to the New York City Plumbing Code.
Boilers shall be equipped with controls and limit devices as required by the manufacturer's installation instructions and the conditions of the listing.
The power supply to the electrical control system shall be from a two-wire branch circuit that has a grounded conductor, or from an isolation transformer with a two-wire secondary. Where an isolation transformer is provided, one conductor of the secondary winding shall be grounded. Control voltage shall not exceed 150 volts nominal, line to line. Control and limit devices shall interrupt the ungrounded side of the circuit. A means of manually disconnecting the control circuit shall be provided and controls shall be arranged so that when deenergized, the burner shall be inoperative. Such disconnecting means shall be capable of being locked in the off position and shall be provided with ready access.
A remote control shall be provided to stop the flow of oil and/or gas and combustion air to any burner or fuel burning internal combustion equipment. Such control shall be located outside all means of egress to the room in which the burner or equipment is located and as close to such entrances as practicable, except that when an outside location is impracticable, such control may be located immediately inside the room in which the burner or equipment is located, provided such location is accessible at all times. All such controls shall be labeled: "REMOTE CONTROL FOR BURNER".
All steam and hot water boilers shall be protected with dual low-water cutoff control.
If the low-water cut off devices are mounted externally to the boiler, the main and auxiliary low-water cut offs shall be connected to the boiler using isolated steam side and water side connection. No other control devices, gauges or valves except for the water column drain shall be connected to the tappings on the boiler used for low-water cut offs.
Every boiler shall be equipped with blowoff/blowdown valve(s). The valve(s) shall be installed in the openings provided on the boiler. The minimum quantity and size of each valve shall be the quantity and size specified by the boiler manufacturer or the quantity and size of the boiler blowoff/blowdown valve opening.
Blowoff/blowdown valves shall discharge to a safe place of disposal. Where discharging to the drainage system, the installation shall conform to the New York City Plumbing Code.
An expansion tank shall be installed in every hot water system. For multiple boiler installations, a minimum of one expansion tank is required. Expansion tanks shall be of the closed or open type. Tanks shall be rated for the pressure of the hot water system.
Closed-type expansion tanks shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. The size of the tank shall be based on the capacity of the hot-water-heating system. The minimum size of the tank shall be determined in accordance with the following equation:
Vt = (0.000738T - 0.03348)Vs / (Pa/Pf) - (Pa/Po)
Vt = (0.00041T - 0.466)Vs / (Pa/Pf) - (Pa/Po) (Equation 10-1)
Vt = (0.000738T - 0.03348)Vs / (Pa/Pf) - (Pa/Po)
|Vt||=||Minimum volume of tanks (gallons) (L).|
|Vs||=||Volume of system, not including expansion tanks(gallons) (L).|
|T||=||Average operating temperature (°F) (°C).|
|Pa||=||Atmospheric pressure (psi) (kPa).|
|Pf||=||Fill pressure (psi) (kPa).|
|Po||=||Maximum operating pressure (psi) (kPa).|
Open-type expansion tanks shall be located a minimum of 4 feet (1219 mm) above the highest heating element. The tank shall be adequately sized for the hot water system. An overflow with a minimum diameter of 1 inch (25 mm) shall be installed at the top of the tank. The overflow shall discharge to the drainage system in accordance with the New York City Plumbing Code.
Every hot water boiler shall have a pressure gauge and a temperature gauge, or a combination pressure and temperature gauge. The gauges shall indicate the temperature and pressure within the normal range of the system's operation.
Every steam boiler shall have a water-gauge glass and a pressure gauge. The pressure gauge installed with a siphon shall indicate the pressure within the normal range of the system's operation.
The gauge glass shall be installed so that the midpoint is at the normal boiler water level.
Upon completion of the assembly and installation of boilers and pressure vessels, acceptance tests shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. Boilers shall not be placed in operation upon completion of construction until they have been inspected and tested and a certificate of compliance has been issued by the commissioner. All final inspections and tests for boilers shall be made by a qualified boiler inspector in the employ of the department or a duly authorized insurance company as provided in Section 204 of the Labor Law of the State of New York. Equipment having a Btu input of not more than 350,000 Btu/h (103 kW) shall be exempt from this requirement. Where field assembly of pressure vessels or boilers is required, a copy of the completed H-2, P-2 or U-1 Manufacturer's Data Report required by the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code shall be submitted to the department.
An indicating test gauge shall be connected directly to the boiler or pressure vessel where it is visible to the operator throughout the duration of the test. The pressure gauge scale shall be graduated over a range of not less than one and one-half times and not greater than four times the maximum test pressure. All gauges utilized for testing shall be calibrated and certified by the test operator.