ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

NFPA 1, 2018

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
The manufacture, storage, use, handling, and display of aerosol products shall comply with the requirements of Chapter 61; NFPA 30B and Sections 60.1 through 60.4 of this Code.
Where the provisions of Chapter 61 or NFPA 30B conflict with the provisions of Chapter 60, the provisions of Chapter 61 and NFPA 30B shall apply.
Chapter 61 shall not apply to the storage and display of containers whose contents are comprised entirely of LP-Gas products. [30B:1.1.2]
Chapter 61 shall not apply to post-consumer processing of aerosol containers. [30B:1.1.3]
Chapter 61 shall not apply to containers that do not meet the definition of Aerosol Container (see 3.3.2 of NFPA 30B). [30B:1.1.4]
Containers that contain a product that meets the definitions in 3.3.1 and 3.3.3 of NFPA 30B, but are larger than the limits specified in 3.3.2 of NFPA 30B, shall not be classified as aerosol products, and Chapter 61 shall not apply to the manufacture, storage, and display of such products. [30B:1.1.4.1]
Permits, where required, shall comply with Section 1.12.
Aerosol products shall be classified by means of the calculation of their chemical or theoretical heats of combustion and shall be designated Level 1, Level 2, or Level 3 in accordance with 61.1.3.2 through 61.1.3.4 and Table 61.1.3.1. [30B:1.7.1]

Table 61.1.3.1 Aerosol Product Classification

If the chemical heat of combustion is Aerosol Classification Level
>
0 20 kJ/g (8,600 Btu/lb) 1
20 kJ/g (8,600 Btu/lb) 30 kJ/g (13,000 Btu/lb) 2
30 kJ/g (13,000 Btu/lb) 3

[30B:Table 1.7.1]

In lieu of classification by means of the chemical heats of combustion, aerosol products shall be permitted to be classified by means of data obtained from properly conducted full-scale fire tests that utilize a 12-pallet test array. [30B:1.7.1.1]

Exception: This shall not apply to aerosol cooking spray products. (See 61.1.3.5.) [30B:1.7.1.1]

The fire tests shall be conducted at an approved testing laboratory. (See Annex C of NFPA 30B for information on the 12-pallet test array.) [30B:1.7.1.2]
Level 1 aerosol products shall be defined as those products with a total chemical heat of combustion that is less than or equal to 20 kJ/g (8600 Btu/lb). [30B:1.7.2]
Level 2 aerosol products shall be defined as those products with a total chemical heat of combustion that is greater than 20 kJ/g (8600 Btu/lb), but less than or equal to 30 kJ/g (13,000 Btu/lb). [30B:1.7.3]
Level 3 aerosol products shall be defined as those products with a total chemical heat of combustion that is greater than 30 kJ/g (13,000 Btu/lb). [30B: 1.7.4]
Aerosol cooking spray products shall be defined as those aerosol products designed to deliver a vegetable oil or a solid or nonflammable liquid to reduce sticking on cooking and baking surfaces or to be applied to food or both. These products have a chemical heat of combustion that is greater than 20 kJ/g (8600 Btu/lb) and contain not more than 18 percent by weight of flammable propellant. [30B:1.7.5]
If the aerosol cooking spray product has a chemical heat of combustion that does not exceed 20 kJ/g (8600 Btu/lb), it shall be considered a Level 1 aerosol product. [30B:1.7.5.1]
If the aerosol cooking spray product contains more than 18 percent by weight of flammable propellant, it shall be classified in accordance with its chemical heat of combustion, as set forth in Table 61.1.3.1. [30B:1.7.5.2]
Plastic aerosol 1 products shall be defined as those that meet one of the following criteria:
  1. The base product has no fire point when tested in accordance with ASTM D92, Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester, and the propellant is nonflammable.
  2. The base product does not exhibit sustained combustion when tested in accordance with 49 CFR 173, Appendix H, '"Method of Testing for Sustained Combustibility, or the UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, and the propellant is nonflammable.
  3. * The base product contains not more than 20% by volume (15.8% by weight) of ethanol or propanol or mixtures thereof in an aqueous mix and the propellant is nonflammable.
  4. * The base product contains not more than 4% by weight of an emulsified liquefied flammable gas propellant within an aqueous base, said propellant to remain emulsified for the life of the product. Where such propellant is not permanently emulsified then the propellant shall be nonflammable.

[30B:1.8.1]

Plastic aerosol X products shall be defined as those that do not meet any of the criteria provided in 61.1.4.1. [30B:1.8.2]
Manufacturers of aerosol products shall ensure that all cartons or packages of aerosol products are identified on at least one exterior side with the classification of the aerosol products contained therein, in accordance with 61.1.3 and 61.1.4. [30B:1.9.1]
Cartons or packages containing aerosol products in metal containers or glass and plastic containers 4 fl oz (118 ml) or less shall be clearly marked as follows:

Level______Aerosols

[30B:1.9.2]

Cartons or packages containing aerosol cooking spray products in metal containers shall be clearly marked as follows:

Aerosol Cooking Spray

[30B:1.9.3]

Cartons or packages containing aerosol products in plastic containers greater than 4 fl oz (118 ml) shall be clearly marked on the exterior of the carton as follows:

Plastic Aerosol 1 (or X)

[30B:1.9.4]

Distances between buildings used for the manufacture or storage of aerosol products and adjacent buildings or property lines that are or can be built upon shall be based on sound engineering principles. [30B:4.1]
Openings in fire walls or fire barriers shall be kept to a minimum. [30B:4.2.1]
All openings (i.e., personnel doorways, ductwork, conveyor line, etc.) shall be protected with automatic-closing or self-closing fire doors or dampers. [30B:4.2.1.1]
Fire doors shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 80. [30B:4.2.1.2]
Fire dampers shall be installed in accordance with manufacturer's instructions and NFPA 90A. [30B:4.2.1.3]
Means of egress shall comply with applicable provisions of NFPA 101. [30B:4.2.2.1]
The design and construction of conveyor lines and other physical obstacles, such as in the flammable propellant charging and pump rooms, shall not allow entrapment of personnel and shall provide for direct access to exits. [30B:4.2.2.2]
All electrical equipment and wiring, including heating equipment, shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 70. [30B:4.3.1]
Electrical equipment and wiring in areas where flammable liquids or flammable gases are handled shall meet the additional requirements of Articles 500 and 501 of NFPA 70. [30B:4.3.1.1]
Aerosol product storage and display areas shall be considered unclassified for purposes of electrical installation. [30B:4.3.2]
Heating equipment shall be installed in accordance with the applicable requirements of the following:
  1. NFPA 31, Standard for the Installation of Oil-Burning Equipment
  2. NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code
  3. NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code
  4. NFPA 85, Boiler and Combustion Systems Hazards Code [30B: 4.4]
Areas in which flammable liquids and flammable gases are handled or stored shall meet the applicable requirements of the following:
  1. Chapter 66 and NFPA 30
  2. Chapter 69 and NFPA 58 [30B:4.5]
Installations of automatic sprinklers, where required by this Code and NFPA 30B, shall be installed in accordance with Section 13.3 and NFPA 13 and the provisions of NFPA 30B. [30B:4.6.1]
Where the provisions of Chapter 61 and NFPA 13 differ, the provisions of Chapter 61 shall prevail. [30B:4.6.1.1]
Where Chapter 61 does not address specific automatic sprinkler protection criteria, the provisions of NFPA 13 shall prevail. [30B:4.6.1.2]
Production areas that contain base product fillers, button tippers, valve crimpers, test baths, and aerosol product packaging equipment shall be protected by a wet-pipe automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with NFPA 13. The sprinkler system shall be designed to protect the highest level of storage or production hazard that is present. [30B:5.8.2]
Level 2 and Level 3 aerosol products shall be permitted to be stored in production areas, such as staging areas (e.g., awaiting transfer to a warehouse), provided all of the following are met:
  1. They are stacked no more than 5 ft (1.5 m) high.
  2. There is no warehouse storage of aerosol products within 25 ft (7.6 m) of the production line.

[30B:5.8.2.1]

All other storage shall be protected in accordance with Table 6.4.2.7(a) through Table 6.4.2.7(l), of NFPA 30B, as applicable. [30B:5.8.2.1.1]
Aerosol products in plastic containers of capacity larger than 4 fl oz (118 ml) shall be permitted to be stored in production areas, such as staging areas (e.g., awaiting transfer to a warehouse), up to a maximum quantity of 1000 lb (454 kg), provided all of the following are met:
  1. The aerosol products are not treated as Class III commodities in accordance with Section 6.5 of NFPA 30B.
  2. They are stacked no more than 5 ft (1.5 m) high.
  3. There is no warehouse storage of aerosol products within 25 ft (7.6 m) of the production line.

[30B:5.8.2.2]

Installations of standpipe and hose systems, where required by this Code and NFPA 30B, shall be designed and installed in accordance with Section 13.2 and NFPA 14 and with the provisions of NFPA 30B. Only combination or spray hose nozzles shall be used. [30B:4.6.2]
Fire extinguishers shall be provided in accordance with Section 13.6. [30B:4.6.3]
In addition to the water supply requirements for automatic sprinkler systems, a minimum requirement for hose stream supply for combined inside and outside hose streams shall be provided in accordance with one of the following:
  1. 500 gpm (1900 L/min) for buildings protected with spray and/or control mode specific application (CMSA) sprinkler protection
  2. 250 gpm (950 L/min) for buildings protected with ESFR sprinkler protection
  3. 1000 gpm (3800 L/min) for buildings without automatic sprinkler protection [30B:4.6.4.1]
The water supply shall be sufficient to provide the required hose stream demand for a minimum duration of 2 hours, unless otherwise specified in 61.3.4.2. [30B:4.6.4.1.1]
The water supply system shall be designed and installed in accordance with Section 13.5 and NFPA 24. [30B: 4.6.4.1.2]
The water supply requirements shall be permitted as modified by the provisions of NFPA 30B. [30B:4.6.4.1.3]
Installations of fire pumps and tanks that are needed to supply the required fire protection water shall be installed in accordance with Section 13.4 and NFPA 20 and NFPA 22. [30B:4.6.4.2]
Fire alarm systems shall be installed, tested, and maintained in accordance with applicable requirements of Section 13.7 and NFPA 72. [30B:4.7]
In areas where flammable gases or flammable vapors might be present, precautions shall be taken to prevent ignition by eliminating or controlling sources of ignition. [30B: 4.8.1]
Sources of ignition shall include, but are not limited to, the following:
  1. Open flames
  2. Lightning
  3. Hot surfaces
  4. Radiant heat
  5. Smoking
  6. Cutting and welding
  7. Spontaneous ignition
  8. Frictional heat or sparks
  9. Static electricity
  10. Electrical arcs and sparks
  11. Stray currents
  12. Ovens, furnaces, and other heating equipment
  13. Automotive vehicles
  14. Material-handling equipment [30B:4.8.2]
The protection criteria in Section 61.3 shall apply to the following:
  1. Level 1 aerosol products in metal containers not more than 33.8 fl oz (1000 ml) capacity, in accordance with 61.3.2
  2. Aerosol cooking spray products in metal containers not more than 33.8 fl oz (1000 ml) capacity, in accordance with 61.3.3
  3. Level 2 and Level 3 aerosol products in metal containers not more than 33.8 fl oz (1000 ml) capacity, in accordance with Section 6.4 of NFPA 30B
  4. Aerosol products in glass and plastic containers not more than 4 fl oz (118 ml) capacity, in accordance with Section 6.4
  5. Aerosol products in plastic containers greater than 4 fl oz (118 ml) capacity and not more than 33.8 fl oz (1000 ml) capacity, in accordance with Section 6.5 of NFPA 30B

[30B:6.1.1]

All outer packaging of aerosol products, including cartons, trays, shrouds, or other packaging, shall be identified on at least one side with the classification of the aerosol products in accordance with Section 1.9 of NFPA 30B and with one of the following, whichever is appropriate:
  1. Level_____Aerosols
  2. Aerosol Cooking Spray
  3. Plastic Aerosol 1 (or X)

[30B:6.1.2]

Fire-retardant cartons shall not be considered an acceptable alternative to the protection requirements of Chapter 6 of NFPA 30B. [30B:6.1.3]
Level 1 aerosol products shall be considered equivalent to Class III commodities, as defined in NFPA 13. [30B:6.2.1]
In cases where the storage of Level 1 aerosol products is required to be protected, such storage shall be protected in accordance with the requirements for Class III commodities set forth in NFPA 13. [30B:6.2.2]
Aerosol cooking spray products shall be permitted to be stored in a general-purpose warehouse. [30B:6.3.1.1]
Aerosol cooking spray products shall be permitted to be stored mixed with other higher hazard aerosols as long as the provided isolation, storage height restrictions, and protection are based on the highest hazard aerosol product present. [30B:6.3.1.2]
Encapsulated storage of cartoned aerosol cooking spray products shall be protected as uncartoned storage. [30B:6.3.2.1]
Stretch-wrapping of cartons of aerosol cooking spray products shall be protected as cartoned storage. [30B:6.3.2.2]
Wet-pipe automatic sprinkler protection shall be provided in accordance with Table 61.3.3.2.3(a) or Table 61.3.3.2.3(b) for cartoned aerosol cooking spray products stored in open frame racks without solid shelves or stored as palletized or solid pile storage. [30B:6.3.2.3]

Table 61.3.3.2.3(a) Rack, Palletized and Solid Pile Storage of Cartoned Aerosol Cooking Spray Products (Metric Units)

Maximum Ceiling Height (m) Maximum Storage Height (m) Ceiling Sprinkler Protection Criteria Hose Stream Demand (L/min) Water Supply Duration (hr)
Sprinkler Type/Nominal Orifice (L/min/bar0.5) Response/Nominal Temperature Rating Design(# sprinklers @ discharge pressure)
9.1 7.6 ESFR-pendent K = 200 FR/Ordinary 12 @ 5.2 bar 950 1

[30B:Table 6.3.2.3(a)]

Table 61.3.3.2.3(b) Rack, Palletized and Solid Pile Storage of Cartoned Aerosol Cooking Spray Products (English Units)

Maximum Ceiling Height (ft) Maximum Storage Height (ft) Ceiling Sprinkler Protection Criteria Hose Stream Demand (gpm) Water Supply Duration (hr)
Sprinkler Type/Nominal Orifice (gpm/psi0.5) Response/Nominal Temperature Rating Design (# sprinklers @ discharge pressure)
30 25 ESFR-pendent K= 14.0 FR/Ordinary 12 @ 75 psi 250 1

[30B:Table 6.3.2.3(b)]

Rack storage shall be arranged so that a minimum aisle width of 8 ft (2.4 m) is maintained between rows of racks and between racks and adjacent solid pile or palletized storage. [30B:6.3.2.4]
Solid pile and palletized storage shall be arranged so that no storage is more than 25 ft (7.6 m) from an aisle. Aisles shall be not less than 4 ft (1.2 m) wide. [30B:6.3.2.5]
Aerosol cooking spray product that is stored uncartoned shall be protected in accordance with Section 6.4 of NFPA 30B using the criteria for a Level 2 or Level 3 aerosol product, based on the product's chemical heat of combustion. [30B:6.3.2.6]
Protection criteria that are developed based on full-scale fire tests performed at an approved facility shall be considered an acceptable alternative to the protection criteria set forth in Table 61.3.3.2.3(a) or Table 61.3.3.2.3(b). [30B: 6.3.2.7]
Storage in occupancies other than warehouses or mercantile occupancies, such as in assembly, business, educational, industrial, and institutional occupancies, shall be permitted up to a maximum of 1000 lb (454 kg) net weight. [30B:6.3.2.8]
Solid pile, palletized, or rack storage of aerosol cooking spray product shall be permitted in a general-purpose warehouse that is either unsprinklered or not protected in accordance with this Code, up to a maximum of 2500 lb (1135 kg). [30B:6.3.2.9]
The storage of Level 2 and Level 3 aerosol products shall be in accordance with 61.3.4. [30B:6.4.1]
Level 2 aerosol products in containers whose net weight is less than 1 oz (28 g) shall be considered to be equivalent to cartoned unexpanded Group A plastics, as defined in NFPA 13. [30B:6.4.1.1]
In cases where the storage of Level 2 aerosol products in containers whose net weight is less than 1 oz (28 g) is required to be protected, such storage shall be in accordance with the requirements set forth in NFPA 13 for cartoned unexpanded Group A plastics. [30B:6.4.1.1.1]
Storage of Level 2 and Level 3 aerosol products shall not be permitted in basement areas of warehouses. [30B:6.4.2.1]
Storage of Level 2 and Level 3 aerosol products shall be permitted as provided for in 6.3.3 of NFPA 30B. [30B:6.4.2.1.1]
Encapsulated storage of cartoned Level 2 and Level 3 aerosol products shall be protected as uncartoned. [30B:6.4.2.2]
Stretch-wrapping of cartons of aerosol products shall be permitted. [30B:6.4.2.2.1]
Encapsulated storage of uncartoned Level 2 and Level 3 aerosol products on slip sheets or in trays shall be permitted. [30B:6.4.2.2.2]
Level 2 and Level 3 aerosol products whose containers are designed to vent at gauge pressures of less than 210 psi (1450 kPa) shall not be stored. [30B:6.4.2.3]
Noncombustible draft curtains shall extend down a minimum of 2 ft (0.61 m) from the ceiling and shall be installed at the interface between ordinary and high-temperature sprinklers. [30B:6.4.2.4]
Storage of mixed commodities within or adjacent to aerosol product storage areas shall meet all applicable requirements of Chapter 6 of NFPA 30B. [30B:6.4.2.5]
Storage of idle or empty pallets shall meet all applicable requirements of NFPA 13. [30B:6.4.2.6]
Where required by Chapter 6 of NFPA 30B, wet-pipe automatic sprinkler protection shall be provided in accordance with Table 6.4.2.7(a) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B and Figure 6.4.2.7(a) through Figure 6.4.2.7(e) of NFPA 30B as designated in the corresponding table(s). Protection shall be based on the highest level of aerosol product present. No protection criteria have been established for the protection of palletized and solid piled storage of uncartoned Level 3 aerosol products. The tables are as follows:
  1. Table 6.4.2.7(a) of NFPA 30B Palletized and Solid Pile Storage of Cartoned Level 2 and Level 3 Aerosol Products (Metric Units)
  2. Table 6.4.2.7(b) of NFPA 30B Palletized and Solid Pile Storage of Cartoned Level 2 and Level 3 Aerosol Products (English Units)
  3. Table 6.4.2.7(c) of NFPA 30B Palletized and Solid Pile Storage of Uncartoned Level 2 Aerosol Products (Metric Units)
  4. Table 6.4.2.7(d) of NFPA 30B Palletized and Solid Pile Storage of Uncartoned Level 2 Aerosol Products (English Units)
  5. Table 6.4.2.7(e) of NFPA 30B Rack Storage of Cartoned Level 2 Aerosol Products (Metric Units)
  6. Table 6.4.2.7(f) of NFPA 30B Rack Storage of Cartoned Level 2 Aerosol Products (English Units)
  7. Table 6.4.2.7(g) of NFPA 30B Rack Storage of Cartoned Level 3 Aerosol Products (Metric Units)
  8. Table 6.4.2.7(h) of NFPA 30B Rack Storage of Cartoned Level 3 Aerosol Products (English Units)
  9. Table 6.4.2.7(i) of NFPA 30B Rack Storage of Uncartoned Level 2 Aerosol Products (Metric Units)
  10. Table 6.4.2.7(j) of NFPA 30B Rack Storage of Uncartoned Level 2 Aerosol Products (English Units)
  11. Table 6.4.2.7(k) of NFPA 30B Rack Storage of Uncartoned Level 3 Aerosol Products (Metric Units)
  12. Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B Rack Storage of Uncartoned Level 3 Aerosol Products (English Units)

[30B:6.4.2.7]

The protection criteria in Tables 6.4.2.7(a) through 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B shall only be used with ceilings having a pitch of 2 in 12 or less. [30B:6.4.2.7.1]
Fire protection requirements for more demanding commodity and clearance situations shall be permitted to be used for less demanding situations. [30B:6.4.2.7.2]
The ordinary-temperature design criteria correspond to ordinary-temperature rated sprinklers and shall be used for sprinklers with ordinary- and intermediate-temperature classification. [30B:6.4.2.7.3]
The high-temperature design criteria correspond to high-temperature rated sprinklers and shall be used for sprinklers having a high-temperature rating. [30B:6.4.2.7.4]
Protection criteria that are developed based on full-scale fire tests performed at an approved test facility shall be considered an acceptable alternative to the protection criteria set forth in Table 6.4.2.7(a) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B. Such alternative protection criteria shall be subject to the approval of the AHJ. [30B:6.4.2.8]
Installation of in-rack sprinklers shall be in accordance with NFPA 13 as modified by Table 6.4.2.7(e) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B. [30B:6.4.2.9]
The in-rack sprinkler water demand shall be based on the simultaneous operation of the most hydraulically remote sprinklers as follows:
  1. Sprinkler design parameters shall be in accordance with Table 6.4.2.7(a) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B, whichever is applicable.
  2. In-rack design flows indicated in Table 6.4.2.7(e) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B shall be provided, but in no case shall the end-sprinkler discharge be less than 10 psi (0.69 bar).
  3. Eight (8) sprinklers where only one level of in-rack sprinklers is provided.
  4. Twelve (12) sprinklers [six (6) sprinklers on two levels] where only two levels of in-rack sprinklers are provided.
  5. Eighteen (18) sprinklers [six (6) sprinklers on the top three levels] where more than two levels of in-rack sprinklers are provided.

[30B:6.4.2.9.1]

Where in-rack sprinklers are not shielded by horizontal barriers, water shields shall be provided above the sprinklers or listed intermediate level/rack sprinklers shall be used. [30B:6.4.2.9.2]
When in-rack sprinklers are necessary to protect a higher hazard commodity that occupies only a portion of the length of a rack, the following shall apply:
  1. In-rack sprinklers shall be extended a minimum of 2.4 m (8 ft) or one bay, whichever is greater, in each direction along the rack on either side of the higher hazard.
  2. The in-rack sprinklers protecting the higher hazard shall not be required to be extended across the aisle.

[30B:6.4.2.9.3]

Where a storage rack, due to its length, requires less than the number of in-rack sprinklers specified, only those in-rack sprinklers in a single rack need to be included in the calculation. [30B:6.4.2.9.4]
In-rack sprinklers shall be located at an intersection of the transverse and longitudinal flues while not exceeding the maximum spacing rules. [30B:6.4.2.9.5]
Where no transverse flues exist, in-rack sprinklers shall not exceed the maximum spacing rules. [30B:6.4.2.9.5.1]
A minimum 150 mm (6 in.) vertical clearance shall be maintained between the sprinkler deflectors and the top of the tier of storage. [30B:6.4.2.9.6]
Horizontal barriers used in conjunction with in-rack sprinklers to impede vertical fire development shall be constructed of minimum 22 ga sheet metal, 10 mm (3/8 in.) plywood, or similar material and shall extend the full length and depth of the rack. [30B:6.4.2.9.7]
Barriers shall be fitted within 50 mm (2 in.) horizontally around rack uprights. [30B:6.4.2.9.7.1]
Installations of hose connections shall meet the requirements of NFPA 13. [30B:6.4.2.10]
Subject to the approval of the AHJ, hose stations shall not be required to be installed in storage areas. [30B:6.4.2.10.1]
Storage height and building heights shall comply with Table 6.4.2.7(a) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B. [30B:6.4.2.11]
Solid shelving shall comply with 61.3.4.2.12.1 through 61.3.4.2.12.3. [30B:6.4.2.12]
Solid shelving that is installed in racks that contain Level 2 and Level 3 aerosol products shall be protected in accordance with Table 6.4.2.7(e) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B, whichever is applicable. [30B:6.4.2.12.1]
In addition to the in-rack sprinklers shown in Figure 6.4.2.7(a) through Figure 6.4.2.7(e) of NFPA 30B, whichever is applicable, a face sprinkler shall be provided directly below the solid shelf or the elevation of the solid shelf if the face sprinkler is located in a transverse flue. [30B:6.4.2.12.2]
The face sprinklers below the shelving required by 61.3.4.2.12.2 shall be not greater than 8 ft (2.4 m) apart as far as the solid shelving level extends. [30B:6.4.2.12.3]
Where spray sprinklers are utilized for ceiling protection, sprinkler spacing shall not exceed 100 ft2 (9.3 m2) unless otherwise permitted by 61.3.4.2.14. [30B:6.4.2.13]
Ordinary or intermediate temperature rated K = 25.2 extended-coverage spray sprinklers shall be permitted to be used for all density spray sprinkler design criteria in Table 6.4.2.7(a) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B when installed in accordance with their listing. [30B:6.4.2.14]
The ceiling heights in Table 6.4.2.7(e) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B shall be permitted to be increased by a maximum of 10 percent if an equivalent percent increase in ceiling sprinkler design density is provided. This shall only apply to spray sprinkler protection criteria. [30B:6.4.2.15]
Protection systems that are designed and developed based on full-scale fire tests performed at an approved test facility or on other engineered protection schemes shall be considered an acceptable alternative to the protection criteria set forth in Section 6.3 of NFPA 30B. Such alternative protection systems shall be approved by the AHJ. [30B:6.4.2.16]
Rack storage shall be arranged so that a minimum aisle width of 8 ft (2.4 m) is maintained between rows of racks and between racks and adjacent solid pile or palletized storage. [30B:6.4.2.17]
Where protection is provided by ESFR sprinklers, aisle width shall be not less than 4 ft (1.2 m). [30B:6.4.2.18]
Solid pile and palletized storage shall be arranged so that no storage is more than 25 ft (7.6 m) from an aisle. Aisles shall be not less than 4 ft (1.2 m) wide. [30B:6.4.2.19]
Plastic aerosol 1 products shall be permitted to be stored in a general-purpose warehouse without isolation. [30B:6.5.1.1]
Plastic aerosol 1 products shall be considered equivalent to Class III commodities, as defined in NFPA 13. [30B:6.5.1.2.]
In cases where the storage of plastic aerosol 1 products is required to be protected, they shall be protected in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 13. [30B:6.5.1.3]
Storage of plastic aerosol X products in occupancies other than warehouses or mercantile occupancies, such as in assembly, business, educational, industrial, and institutional occupancies, shall be permitted up to a maximum of 100 lb (45 kg) net weight. [30B:6.5.2.1]
Solid pile, palletized, or rack storage of plastic aerosol X products shall be permitted in a general-purpose warehouse or an aerosol warehouse regardless of protection level up to a maximum of 250 lb (115 kg). [30B:6.5.2.2]
Plastic aerosol X products shall be permitted to be stored in mercantile occupancies up to a maximum quantity of 100 lb (45 kg) net weight. [30B:7.1]
Level 1 aerosol products and plastic aerosol 1 products in sales display areas shall not be limited. [30B:7.2.1]
Aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products shall be removed from combustible cartons, or the cartons shall be display-cut, when located in sales display areas. [30B:7.2.2]
Cartoned display of aerosol cooking spray products shall be permitted provided the area is protected in accordance with Table 6.3.2.3(a) or Table 6.3.2.3(b) of NFPA 30B, or the area is protected in accordance with Table 6.4.2.7(a) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B, or the maximum quantity of cartoned display complies with 61.4.2.3.1. [30B:7.2.2.1]
Cartoned display of Level 2 aerosol products and Level 3 aerosol products shall be permitted, provided the area is either protected in accordance with Table 6.4.2.7(a) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B or the maximum quantity of cartoned display complies with 61.4.2.3.1. [30B:7.2.2.1]
Aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products in sales display areas shall not exceed the maximum quantities given in 61.4.2.3.1 and 61.4.2.3.2 according to the protection provided. [30B:7.2.3]
In sales display areas that are nonsprinklered or whose sprinkler system does not meet the requirements of 61.4.2.3.2, the total aggregate quantity of aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products shall not exceed 2 lb/ft2 (9.8 kg/m2) of total sales display area, up to the quantities specified in Table 61.4.2.3.1. [30B:7.2.3.1]

Table 61.4.2.3.1 Maximum Quantity per Floor of Aerosol Cooking Spray Products, Level 2 Aerosol Products, and Level 3 Aerosol Products, and Aerosol Products in Plastic Containers

Floor Max. Net Weight per Floor
lb kg
Basement Not Permitted
Ground 2500 1135
Upper 500 227

[30B:Table 7.2.3.1]

No single 10 ft × 10 ft (3 m × 3 m) section of sales display area shall contain an aggregate quantity of more than 1000 lb (454 kg) net weight aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products. [30B:7.2.3.1.1]
In sales display areas that are sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13, for at least Ordinary Hazard (Group 2) occupancies, the total aggregate quantity aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products shall not exceed 2 lb/ft2 (9.8 kg/m2) of total sales display area. [30B:7.2.3.2]
No single 10 ft × 10 ft (3 m × 3 m) section of sales display area shall contain an aggregate quantity of more than 1000 lb (454 kg) net weight of aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products. [30B:7.1.3.2.1]
Aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products shall be securely stacked to not more than 6 ft (1.8 m) high from base to top of the storage array unless on fixed shelving. [30B:7.2.4]
Shelving shall be of stable construction and storage shall not exceed 8 ft (2.4 m) in height. [30B:7.2.4.1]
Storage and display of Level 1 aerosol products and plastic aerosol 1 products in sales display areas shall not be limited. [30B:7.3.1]
Uncartoned or display-cut (case-cut) aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products that are stored for display no more than 6 ft (1.8 m) above the floor shall be permitted where protection is installed in accordance with 61.4.3.3, based on the highest level of aerosol product in the array and the packaging method of the storage above 6 ft (1.8 m). [30B:7.3.2]
The storage and display of aerosol cooking spray products in metal containers only shall be protected in accordance with Table 6.3.2.3(a) or Table 6.3.2.3(b) of NFPA 30B, or shall be protected in accordance with Table 6.4.2.7(a) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B. The storage and display of Level 2 and Level 3 aerosol products in metal containers only shall be protected in accordance with Table 6.3.2.7(a) through Table 6.3.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B, whichever is applicable. [30B:7.3.3.1]
Where in-rack sprinklers are required by Table 6.43.2.7(e) through Table 6.4.2.7(l) of NFPA 30B and where the aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products are stored for display below the 6 ft (1.8 m) level, the first tier of in-rack sprinklers shall be installed above the display, but not more than 6 ft (1.8 m) above the floor level. [30B:7.2.3.1.1]
Noncombustible draft curtains shall extend down a minimum of 2 ft (0.61 m) from the ceiling and shall be installed at the interface between ordinary and high-temperature sprinklers. [30B:7.3.3.2]
Storage and display of aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products shall not exceed 10,000 lb (4,540 kg) net weight within any 25,000 ft2 (2,323 m2) of sales display area. [30B:7.2.4]
Aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol product display areas shall be separated from each other by a minimum of 25 ft (7.6 m). [30B:7.2.4.1]
The area of the design for the required ceiling sprinkler system shall extend 20 ft (6 m) beyond the area devoted to storage of aerosol cooking spray products or Level 2 aerosol product and Level 3 products. [30B:7.3.5]
Storage and display of aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products shall be separated from the storage of flammable and combustible liquids by a minimum distance of 25 ft (7.6 m) or by a segregating wall or noncombustible barrier. [30B:7.3.6]
Where aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products are stored within 25 ft (7.6 m) of flammable and combustible liquids, beneath the noncombustible barrier shall be liquidtight at the floor to prevent spilled liquids from flowing beneath the aerosol products. [30B:7.3.6.1]
The sales display area shall meet the requirements for mercantile occupancies in NFPA 101. [30B:7.3.7]
Where back stock areas are separated from sales display areas by construction having a minimum 1-hour fire resistance rating, storage of aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products shall meet the requirements of Chapter 6 of NFPA 30B. [30B:7.4.1]
Where back stock areas are not separated from sales display areas by construction having a minimum 1-hour fire resistance rating, the quantity of aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products in back stock areas shall be included in the total allowable quantities specified in 61.4.2.3 or 61.4.3.4. [30B:7.4.2]
Protection shall be provided in accordance with 61.4.3.3. [30B:7.3.2.1]
An additional quantity of aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products, up to a maximum of 500 lb (227 kg) net weight, shall be permitted in back stock areas where the additional quantities are stored in flammable liquid storage cabinets that meet the requirements of Section 9.5 of NFPA 30. [30B:7.4.3]
Storage of aerosol cooking spray products, Level 2 aerosol products, and Level 3 aerosol products in separate, inside flammable liquids storage rooms shall meet the requirements of 6.3.7 of NFPA 30B. [30B:7.4.4]
Means of egress and exits shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 101. [30B:8.1]
The use and selection of powered industrial trucks shall comply with Section 10.17. [30B:8.2.1]
Only trained and authorized operators shall be allowed to operate powered industrial trucks. [30B:8.2.2]
Operator training shall be equivalent to that specified by ANSI/ASME B56.1, Safety Standard for Low-Lift and High-Lift Trucks. [30B:8.2.3]
If the type of load handled presents a hazard of backward falls, the powered industrial truck shall be equipped with a vertical load backrest extension. [30B:8.2.4.1]
For loads that are elevated above the mast of the truck, the backrest extension shall reach at least halfway into the uppermost pallet load. [30B:8.2.4.2]
In areas where flammable gases or flammable vapors might be present, precautions shall be taken to prevent ignition by eliminating or controlling sources of ignition. Sources of ignition include, but are not limited to, the following:
  1. Open flames
  2. Lightning
  3. Hot surfaces
  4. Radiant heat
  5. Smoking
  6. Cutting and welding
  7. Spontaneous ignition
  8. Frictional heat or sparks
  9. Static electricity
  10. Electrical arcs and sparks
  11. Stray currents
  12. Ovens, furnaces, and other heating equipment
  13. Automotive vehicles
  14. Material-handling equipment [30B:8.3.1.1]
Smoking shall be strictly prohibited, except in designated smoking areas. [30B:8.3.2]
Welding, cutting, and similar spark-producing operations shall not be permitted in areas that contain aerosol products, until a written permit authorizing the work has been issued. [30B:8.3.3]
The permit shall be issued by a person in authority following an inspection of the area to assure that proper precautions have been taken and will be followed until completion of the work. [30B:8.3.3.1]
Storage in aisles shall be prohibited so as to permit access for fire fighting, salvage, and removal of stored commodities. [30B:8.4]
Filled or partly filled aerosol containers shall be separated from all other rubbish and trash. [30B:8.5.1]
Filled or partly filled aerosol containers shall be placed in noncombustible waste containers. [30B:8.5.1.1]
Filled or partly filled aerosol containers shall not be disposed of in compactors, balers, or incinerators that crush the container or heat its contents. [30B:8.5.2]
Equipment and facilities that are specifically designed for the disposal of aerosol containers shall be permitted to dispose of filled or partly filled aerosol containers. [30B:8.5.2.1]
A written and documented preventive maintenance program shall be developed for equipment, machinery, and processes that are critical to fire-safe operation of the facility. [30B:8.6.1]
Critical detection systems and their components, emergency trips and interlocks, alarms, and safety shutdown systems shall be inspected on a regularly scheduled basis, and any deficiencies shall be immediately corrected. [30B:8.6.2]
Items in this inspection schedule shall include, but are not limited to, the following:
  1. Gas detection systems
  2. Deflagration suppression systems
  3. Deflagration vent systems
  4. Ventilation and local exhaust systems
  5. Propellant charging room door interlocks
  6. Process safety devices
  7. Fire alarm systems [30B:8.6.2.1]
Vent closure maintenance shall be performed after every act of nature or process upset condition to ensure that the closure has not been physically damaged and there are no obstructions, including but not limited to snow, ice, water, mud, or process material, that could lessen or impair the efficiency of the vent closure. [68:11.10.1]
An inspection shall be performed in accordance with 11.4.4 of NFPA 68 after every process maintenance turnaround. [68:11.10.2]
If process material has a tendency to adhere to the vent closure, the vent closure shall be cleaned periodically to maintain vent efficiency. [68:11.10.3]
Process interlocks, if provided, shall be verified. [68:11.10.4]
Known potential ignition sources shall be inspected and maintained. [68:11.10.5]
Records shall be kept of any maintenance and repairs performed. [68:11.10.6]
All process equipment and piping involved in the transfer of flammable liquids or gases shall be connected to a static-dissipating earth ground system to prevent accumulations of static charge. [30B:8.7]
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