ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

NFPA 1, 2018

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
The documents referenced in this chapter or portions of such documents are referenced within this Code and shall be considered part of the requirements of this document.
  1. * Documents referenced in this chapter or portion of such documents shall only be applicable to the extent called for within other chapters of this Code.
  2. Where the requirements of a referenced code or standard differ from the requirements of this Code, the requirements of this Code shall govern.
Compliance with subsequent editions of the referenced publications shall be considered evidence of compliance with the editions specified in this Code.
Compliance with subsequent editions of reference publications shall be achieved by complying with the entire subsequent edition of the referenced publication.
Compliance with individual specific sections contained in subsequent edition referenced publications, and not the entire reference publication, shall only be approved by the AHJ through technical documentation submitted in compliance with 1.4.1 or 1.4.2.

2.2 NFPA Publications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169-7471.

NFPA 2, Hydrogen Technologies Code, 2016 edition.

NFPA 4, Standard for Integrated Fire Protection and Life Safety System Testing, 2018 edition.

NFPA 10, Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers, 2018 edition.

NFPA 11, Standard for Low-, Medium-, and High-Expansion Foam, 2016 edition.

NFPA 12, Standard on Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems, 2018 edition.

NFPA 12A, Standard on Halon 1301 Fire Extinguishing Systems, 2018 edition.

NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, 2016 edition.

NFPA 13D, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Manufactured Homes, 2016 edition.

NFPA 13R, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Low-Rise Residential Occupancies, 2016 edition.

NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems, 2016 edition.

NFPA 15, Standard for Water Spray Fixed Systems for Fire Protection, 2017 edition.

NFPA 16, Standard for the Installation of Foam-Water Sprinkler and Foam-Water Spray Systems, 2018 edition.

NFPA 17, Standard for Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems, 2017 edition.

NFPA 17A, Standard for Wet Chemical Extinguishing Systems, 2017 edition.

NFPA 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, 2016 edition.

NFPA 22, Standard for Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection, 2013 edition.

NFPA 24, Standard for the Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their Appurtenances, 2016 edition.

NFPA 25, Standard for the Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems, 2017 edition.

NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, 2018 edition.

NFPA 30A, Code for Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages, 2018 edition.

NFPA 30B, Code for the Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products, 2015 edition.

NFPA 31, Standard for the Installation of Oil-Burning Equipment, 2016 edition.

NFPA 32, Standard for Drycleaning Facilities, 2016 edition.

NFPA 33, Standard for Spray Application Using Flammable or Combustible Materials, 2016 edition.

NFPA 34, Standard for Dipping, Coating, and Printing Processes Using Flammable or Combustible Liquids, 2018 edition.

NFPA 35, Standard for the Manufacture of Organic Coatings, 2016 edition.

NFPA 36, Standard for Solvent Extraction Plants, 2017 edition.

NFPA 37, Standard for the Installation and Use of Stationary Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines, 2018 edition.

NFPA 40, Standard for the Storage and Handling of Cellulose Nitrate Film, 2016 edition.

NFPA 45, Standard on Fire Protection for Laboratories Using Chemicals, 2018 edition.

NFPA 51, Standard for the Design and Installation of Oxygen-Fuel Gas Systems for Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, 2018 edition.

NFPA 51B, Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot Work, 2014 edition.

NFPA 52, Vehicular Natural Gas Fuel Systems Code, 2016 edition.

NFPA 54/ANSI Z223.1, National Fuel Gas Code, 2018 edition.

NFPA 55, Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids Code, 2016 edition.

NFPA 56, Standard for Fire and Explosion Prevention During Cleaning and Purging of Flammable Gas Piping Systems, 2017 edition.

NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code, 2017 edition.

NFPA 59, Utility LP-Gas Plant Code, 2018 edition.

NFPA 59A, Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), 2016 edition.

NFPA 61, Standard for the Prevention of Fires and Dust Explosions in Agricultural and Food Processing Facilities, 2017 edition.

NFPA 68, Standard on Explosion Protection by Deflagration Venting, 2013 edition.

NFPA 69, Standard on Explosion Prevention Systems, 2014 edition.

NFPA 70®, National Electrical Code®, 2017 edition.

NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, 2016 edition.

NFPA 75, Standard for the Protection of Information Technology Equipment, 2016 edition.

NFPA 76, Standard for the Fire Protection of Telecommunications Facilities, 2016 edition.

NFPA 80, Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives, 2016 edition.

NFPA 82, Standard on Incinerators and Waste and Linen Handling Systems and Equipment, 2014 edition.

NFPA 85, Boiler and Combustion Systems Hazards Code, 2018 edition.

NFPA 86, Standard for Ovens and Furnaces, 2015 edition.

NFPA 88A, Standard for Parking Structures, 2015 edition.

NFPA 90A, Standard for the Installation of Air-Conditioning and Ventilating Systems, 2018 edition.

NFPA 90B, Standard for the Installation of Warm Air Heating and Air-Conditioning Systems, 2018 edition.

NFPA 91, Standard for Exhaust Systems for Air Conveying of Vapors, Gases, Mists, and Particulate Solids, 2018 edition.

NFPA 92, Standard for Smoke Control Systems, 2018 edition.

NFPA 96, Standard for Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations, 2017 edition.

NFPA 99, Health Care Facilities Code, 2018 edition.

NFPA 99B, Standard for Hypobaric Facilities, 2018 edition.

NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®, 2018 edition.

NFPA 102, Standard for Grandstands, Folding and Telescopic Seating, Tents, and Membrane Structures, 2018 edition.

NFPA 105, Standard for Smoke Door Assemblies and Other Opening Protectives, 2016 edition.

NFPA 110, Standard for Emergency and Standby Power Systems, 2016 edition.

NFPA 111, Standard on Stored Electrical Energy Emergency and Standby Power Systems, 2016 edition.

NFPA 115, Standard for Laser Fire Protection, 2016 edition.

NFPA 122, Standard for Fire Prevention and Control in Metal/Nonmetal Mining and Metal Mineral Processing Facilities, 2015 edition.

NFPA 130, Standard for Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems, 2017 edition.

NFPA 140, Standard on Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Soundstages, Approved Production Facilities, and Production Locations, 2013 edition.

NFPA 150, Standard on Fire and Life Safety in Animal Housing Facilities, 2016 edition.

NFPA 160, Standard for the Use of Flame Effects Before an Audience, 2016 edition.

NFPA 170, Standard for Fire Safety and Emergency Symbols, 2018 edition.

NFPA 204, Standard for Smoke and Heat Venting, 2018 edition.

NFPA 211, Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances, 2016 edition.

NFPA 220, Standard on Types of Building Construction, 2018 edition.

NFPA 221, Standard for High Challenge Fire Walls, Fire Walls, and Fire Barrier Walls, 2018 edition.

NFPA 232, Standard for the Protection of Records, 2017 edition.

NFPA 241, Standard for Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations, 2013 edition.

NFPA 251, Standard Methods of Tests of Fire Resistance of Building Construction and Materials, 2006 edition.

NFPA 252, Standard Methods of Fire Tests of Door Assemblies, 2017 edition.

NFPA 253, Standard Method of Test for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source, 2018 edition.

NFPA 257, Standard on Fire Test for Window and Glass Block Assemblies, 2017 edition.

NFPA 259, Standard Test Method for Potential Heat of Building Materials, 2013 edition.

NFPA 260, Standard Methods of Tests and Classification System for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture, 2013 edition.

NFPA 261, Standard Method of Test for Determining Resistance of Mock-Up Upholstered Furniture Material Assemblies to Ignition by Smoldering Cigarettes, 2013 edition.

NFPA 265, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Evaluating Room Fire Growth Contribution of Textile or Expanded Vinyl Wall Coverings on Full Height Panels and Walls, 2018 edition.

NFPA 286, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Evaluating Contribution of Wall and Ceiling Interior Finish to Room Fire Growth, 2018 edition.

NFPA 288, Standard Methods of Fire Tests of Horizontal Fire Door Assemblies Installed in Horizontal Fire Resistance-Rated Assemblies, 2017 edition.

NFPA 289, Standard Method of Fire Test for Individual Fuel Packages, 2013 edition.

NFPA 301, Code for Safety to Life from Fire on Merchant Vessels, 2018 edition.

NFPA 302, Fire Protection Standard for Pleasure and Commercial Motor Craft, 2015 edition.

NFPA 303, Fire Protection Standard for Marinas and Boatyards, 2016 edition.

NFPA 307, Standard for the Construction and Fire Protection of Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves, 2016 edition.

NFPA 312, Standard for Fire Protection of Vessels During Construction, Conversion, Repair, and Lay-Up, 2016 edition.

NFPA 318, Standard for the Protection of Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities, 2018 edition.

NFPA 326, Standard for the Safeguarding of Tanks and Containers for Entry, Cleaning, or Repair, 2018 edition.

NFPA 385, Standard for Tank Vehicles for Flammable and Combustible Liquids, 2017 edition.

NFPA 400, Hazardous Materials Code, 2016 edition.

NFPA 403, Standard for Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Services at Airports, 2018 edition.

NFPA 407, Standard for Aircraft Fuel Servicing, 2017 edition.

NFPA 408, Standard for Aircraft Hand Portable Fire Extinguishers, 2017 edition.

NFPA 409, Standard on Aircraft Hangars, 2016 edition.

NFPA 410, Standard on Aircraft Maintenance, 2018 edition.

NFPA 415, Standard on Airport Terminal Buildings, Fueling Ramp Drainage, and Loading Walkways, 2016 edition.

NFPA 418, Standard for Heliports, 2016 edition.

NFPA 423, Construction and Protection of Aircraft Engine Test Facilities, 2016 edition.

NFPA 484, Standard for Combustible Metals, 2018 edition.

NFPA 495, Explosive Materials Code, 2013 edition.

NFPA 498, Standard for Safe Havens and Interchange Lots for Vehicles Transporting Explosives, 2013 edition.

NFPA 501, Standard on Manufactured Housing, 2017 edition.

NFPA 501A, Standard for Fire Safety Criteria for Manufactured Home Installations, Sites, and Communities, 2017 edition.

NFPA 502, Standard for Road Tunnels, Bridges, and Other Limited Access Highways, 2017 edition.

NFPA 505, Fire Safety Standard for Powered Industrial Trucks Including Type Designations, Areas of Use, Conversions, Maintenance, and Operations, 2013 edition.

NFPA 601, Standard for Security Services in Fire Loss Prevention, 2015 edition.

NFPA 652, Standard on the Fundamentals of Combustible Dust, 2016 edition.

NFPA 654, Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids, 2017 edition.

NFPA 655, Standard for Prevention of Sulfur Fires and Explosions, 2017 edition.

NFPA 664, Standard for the Prevention of Fires and Explosions in Wood Processing and Woodworking Facilities, 2017 edition.

NFPA 701, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films, 2018 edition.

NFPA 703, Standard for Fire Retardant-Treated Wood and Fire-Retardant Coatings for Building Materials, 2018 edition.

NFPA 704, Standard System for the Identification of the Hazards of Materials for Emergency Response, 2017 edition.

NFPA 720, Standard for the Installation of Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detection and Warning Equipment, 2015 edition.

NFPA 731, Standard for the Installation of Electronic Premises Security Systems, 2017 edition.

NFPA 750, Standard on Water Mist Fire Protection Systems, 2015 edition.

NFPA 780, Standard for the Installation of Lightning Protection Systems, 2017 edition.

NFPA 801, Standard for Fire Protection for Facilities Handling Radioactive Materials, 2014 edition.

NFPA 804, Standard for Fire Protection for Advanced Light Water Reactor Electric Generating Plants, 2015 edition.

NFPA 805, Performance-Based Standard for Fire Protection for Light Water Reactor Electric Generating Plants, 2015 edition.

NFPA 820, Standard for Fire Protection in Wastewater Treatment and Collection Facilities, 2016 edition.

NFPA 909, Code for the Protection of Cultural Resource Properties — Museums, Libraries, and Places of Worship, 2017 edition.

NFPA 914, Code for Fire Protection of Historic Structures, 2018 edition.

NFPA 1031, Standard for Professional Qualifications for Fire Inspector and Plan Examiner, 2014 edition.

NFPA 1122, Code for Model Rocketry, 2018 edition.

NFPA 1123, Code for Fireworks Display, 2018 edition.

NFPA 1124, Code for the Manufacture, Transportation, and Storage of Fireworks and Pyrotechnic Articles, 2006 edition.

NFPA 1125, Code for the Manufacture of Model Rocket and High Power Rocket Motors, 2017 edition.

NFPA 1126, Standard for the Use of Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience, 2016 edition.

NFPA 1127, Code for High Power Rocketry, 2018 edition.

NFPA 1141, Standard for Fire Protection Infrastructure for Land Development in Wildland, Rural, and Suburban Areas, 2017 edition.

NFPA 1142, Standard on Water Supplies for Suburban and Rural Fire Fighting, 2017 edition.

NFPA 1144, Standard for Reducing Structure Ignition Hazards from Wildland Fire, 2018 edition.

NFPA 1192, Standard on Recreational Vehicles, 2018 edition.

NFPA 1194, Standard for Recreational Vehicle Parks and Campgrounds, 2018 edition.

NFPA 1221, Standard for the Installation, Maintenance, and Use of Emergency Services Communications Systems, 2016 edition.

NFPA 1730, Standard on Organization and Deployment of Fire Prevention Inspection and Code Enforcement, Plan Review, Investigation, and Public Education Operations, 2016 edition.

NFPA 1901, Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus, 2016 edition.

NFPA 1906, Standard for Wildland Fire Apparatus, 2016 edition.

NFPA 1925, Standard on Marine Fire-Fighting Vessels, 2013 edition.

NFPA 1963, Standard for Fire Hose Connections, 2014 edition.

NFPA 2001, Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems, 2018 edition.

NFPA 2010, Standard for Fixed Aerosol Fire Extinguishing Systems, 2018 edition.

NFPA 2113, Standard on Selection, Care, Use, and Maintenance of Flame-Resistant Garments for Protection of Industrial Personnel Against Short-Duration Thermal Exposures from Fire, 2015 edition.

American National Standards Institute, Inc., 25 West 43rd Street, 4th floor, New York, NY 10036.

ICC/ANSI A117.1, Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities, 2009.

ANSI/BHMA A156.3, Exit Devices, 2014.

ANSI/ITSDF B56.1, Safety Standard for Low-Lift and High-Lift Trucks, 2012.

ANSI/AWWA G200, Distribution Systems Operation and Management, 2009.

American Petroleum Institute, 1220 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005-4070.

API-ASME Code for Unfired Pressure Vessels for Petroleum Liquids and Gases, Pre-July 1, 1961.

API Specification 12B, Bolted Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids, 15th edition, 2014.

API Specification 12D, Field Welded Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids, 11th edition, 2008.

API Specification 12F, Shop Welded Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids 12th edition, 2008.

API 607, Fire Test for Soft-Seated Quarter-Turn Valves, 6th edition, 2010.

API 620, Recommended Rules for the Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks, 11th edition, Addendum 2, 2010.

API Standard 650, Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage, 11th edition, Addendum 2, 2009.

API Standard 653, Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction, 5th edition, 2014.

API BULL 1529, Aviation Fueling Hose, 1998.

API Standard 2000, Venting Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks, 7th edition, 2014.

API 2350, Overfill Protection for Storage Tanks in Petroleum Facilities, 4th edition, 2012.

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1791 Tullie Circle, NE, Atlanta, GA 30329-2305.

ANSI/ASHRAE 15, Safety Standard for Refrigeration Systems, 2013.

American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990.

ASME A13.1, Scheme for the Identification of Piping Systems, 2007.

ASME A17.1/CSA B44, Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators, 2013.

ASME A17.3, Safety Code for Existing Elevators and Escalators, 2011.

ASME B31, Code for Pressure Piping, 2012.

ANSI/ASME B31.3, Process Piping, 2012.

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, "Rules for the Construction of Unfired Pressure Vessels," 2013.

ASME Code for Unfired Pressure Vessels, 2015.

ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959.

ASTM A395, Standard Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Pressure-Retaining Castings for Use at Elevated Temperatures, 1999 reapproved 2014.

ASTM D56, Standard Test Method for Rash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester, 2005 (reaffirmed 2010).

ASTM D92, Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester, 2012b.

ASTM D93, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester, 2015.

ASTM D323, Standard Method of Test for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method),2015a.

ASTM D396, Standard Specification for Fuel Oils, 2010.

ASTM D635, Standard Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position, 2014.

ASTM D1929, Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics, 2016.

ASTM D2843, Standard Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics, 2016.

ASTM D2859, Standard Test Method for Ignition Characteristics of Finished Textile Floor Covering Materials, 2015.

ASTM D2898, Standard Test Methods for Accelerated Weathering of Fire-Retardant-Treated Wood for Fire Testing, 2010.

ASTM D3278, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus, 1996 (reaffirmed 2011).

ASTM D3699, Standard Specification for Kerosene, 2008.

ASTM D3828, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester, 2012a.

ASTM D5391, Standard Test for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of a Flowing High Purity Water Sample, 2014.

ASTM D5456, Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products, 2014b.

ASTM D6448, Industrial Burner Fuels from Used Lube Oils, 2009.

ASTM D6751, Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuel, 2010.

ASTM D6823, Commercial Burner Fuels from Used Lube Oils, 2008.

ASTM E84, Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials, 2015b.

ASTM E108, Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings, 2011.

ASTM E119, Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials, 2016.

ASTM E136, Standard Test Method for Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750 Degrees C, 2016.

ASTM E648, Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor-Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source, 2015 el.

ASTM E681, Standard Test Method for Concentration Limits of Flammability of Chemicals (Vapors and Gases), 2009.

ASTM E814, Standard Test Method for Fire Tests of Through-Penetration Fire Stops, 2013a.

ASTM E1354, Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter, 2016a.

ASTM E1537, Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture, 2015.

ASTM E1590, Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses, 2013.

ASTM E1591, Standard Guide for Obtaining Data for Deterministic Fire Models, 2013.

ASTM E1966, Standard Test Method for Fire-Resistive Joint Systems, 2015.

ASTM E2019, Standard Test Method for Minimum Ignition Energy of a Dust Cloud in Air, 2003, reapproved 2013.

ASTM E2174, Standard Practice for On-Site Inspection of Installed Fire Stops, 2014b.

ASTM E2307, Standard Test Method for Determining Fire Resistance of Perimeter Fire Barrier Systems Using Intermediate-Scale, Multistory Test Apparatus, 2015a.

ASTM E2336, Standard Test Methods for Fire Resistive Grease Duct Enclosure Systems, 2014.

ASTM E2393, Standard Practice for On-Site Inspection of Installed Fire Resistive Joint Systems and Perimeter Fire Barriers, 2010a, reapproved 2015.

ASTM E2404, Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Polymeric (Including Vinyl) Wall or Ceiling Coverings, and of Facings and Wood Veneers Intended to be Applied on Site Over a Wood Substrate, to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics, 2015a.

ASTM E2573, Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Site-Fabricated Stretch Systems to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics, 2012.

ASTM E2599, Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Reflective Insulation, Radiant Barrier, and Vinyl Stretch Ceiling Materials for Building Applications to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics, 2015.

ASTM E2652, Standard Test Method for Behavior of Materials in a Tube Furnace with a Cone-Shaped Airflow Stabilizer, at 750 Degrees C, 2016.

ASTM E2768, Standard Test Method for Extended Duration Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials (30 min Tunnel Test), 2011.

ASTM F852, Standard for Portable Gasoline Containers for Consumer Use, 2008.

ASTM F976, Standard for Portable Kerosene Containers for Consumer Use, 2008.

ASTM F2200, Standard Specification for Automated Vehicular Gate Construction, 2014.

Compressed Gas Association, 4221 Walney Road, 5th Floor, Chantilly, VA 20151-2923.

CGA C-7, Guide to the Preparation of Precautionary Labeling and Marking of Compressed Gas Containers, 2011.

ANSI/CGA G-13, Storage and Handling of Silane and Silane Mixtures, 2006.

CGA M-1, Standard for Medical Gas Supply Systems at Health Care Facilities, 2013.

CGA P-1, Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Containers, 2008.

ANSI/CGA P-18, Standard for Bulk Inert Gas Systems at Consumer Sites, 2013.

CGA P-20, Standard for the Classification of Toxic Gas Mixtures, 2009.

CGA P-23, Standard for Categorizing Gas Mixtures Containing Flammable and Nonflammable Components, 2008.

CGA S-1.1, Pressure Relief Device Standards — Part 1 — Cylinders for Compressed Gases, 2011.

CGA S-1.2, Pressure Relief Device Standards — Part 2 — Portable Containers for Compressed Gases, 2009.

CGA S-1.3, Pressure Relief Device Standards — Part 3 — Stationary Storage Containers for Compressed Gases, 2008.

CGA-V6, Standard Bulk Refrigerated Liquid Transfer Connections, 2008.

Canadian Transportation Agency, Queen's Printer, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. (Available from the Canadian Communications Group Publication Centre, Ordering Department, Ottawa, Canada K1A 0S9.)

Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.

FM Global, 1301 Atwood Avenue, P.O. Box 7500, Johnston, RI 02919.

FM Approval 4880, Approval Standard for Class 1 Rating of Insulated Wall or Wall and Roof/Ceiling Panels, Interior Finish Materials or Coatings, and Exterior Wall Systems, 2010.

Approval Standard 6921, Containers for Combustible Waste, 2004.

Approval Standard for Plastic Plugs for Steel Drums, Class Number 6083, October 2006.

Approval Standard for Safety Containers and Filling, Supply, and Disposal Containers — Class Number 6051 and 6052, May 1976.

International Electrotechnical Commission, 3, rue de Varembé, P.O. Box 131, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland.

IEC 61340-4-4, Electrostatics—Part 4-4: Standard Test Methods for Specific Applications — Electrostatic Classification of Flexible Intermediate Bulk Containers (FIBC), 2012.

International Institute of Ammonia Refrigeration, 1001 N. Fairfax Street, Suite 503, Alexandria, VA 22314.

ANSI/IIAR 2, Equipment, Design, and Installation of Closed-Circuit Ammonia Mechanical Refrigerating Systems, 2014.

ANSI/IIAR 7, Developing Operating Procedures for Closed-Circuit Ammonia Mechanical Refrigerating Systems, 2013.

ANSI/IIAR 8, Decommissioning of Closed-Circuit Ammonia Mechanical Refrigerating Systems, 2015.

International Organization for Standardization, 1, ch. de la Voie-Creuse, Case postale 56, CH-1211 Geneve 20, Switzerland.

ISO 10156, Gases and gas mixtures — Determination of fire potential and oxidizing ability for the selection of cylinder valve outlets, 2010.

ISO 10298, Determination of toxicity of a gas or gas mixture, 2010.

National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors, 1055 Crupper Avenue, Columbus, OH 43229.

NBBI NB23, National Board Inspection Code, 2015.

National Railroad Freight Committee, 222 South Riverside Plaza, Chicago, IL 60606-5945.

Uniform Freight Classification (UFC), 2005.

Recreation Vehicle Industry Association, 1896 Preston White Drive, P.O. Box 2999, Reston, VA 20195-0999.

RVIA/ANSI A119.5, Park Model Recreational Vehicle Standard, 2015.

Steel Tank Institute, 570 Oakwood Road, Lake Zurich, IL 60047.

STI SP001, Standard for the Inspection of Aboveground Storage Tanks, 5th edition, 2011.

Underwriters Laboratories Inc., 333 Pfingsten Road, Northbrook, IL 60062-2096.

ANSI/UL 8, Standard for Water Based Agent Fire Extinguishers, 2011.

ANSI/UL 9, Standard for Fire Tests of Window Assemblies, 2015.

ANSI/UL 10B, Standard for Fire Tests of Door Assemblies, 2008, revised 2015.

ANSI/UL 10C, Standard for Positive Pressure Fire Tests of Door Assemblies, 2015.

ANSI/UL 30, Standard for Metal Safety Cans, 1995, revised 2014.

UL 58, Standard for Steel Underground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids, 1996, revised 2008.

ANSI/UL 80, Standard for Steel Tanks for Oil Burner Fuels and Other Combustible Liquids, 2007, revised 2009.

ANSI/UL 142, Standard for Steel Aboveground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids, 2006, revised 2014.

ANSI/UL 147A, Standard for Nonrefillable (Disposable) Type Fuel Gas Cylinder Assemblies, 2005.

ANSI/UL 147B, Standard for Nonrefillable (Disposable) Type Metal Container Assemblies for Butane, 2005, revised 2013.

ANSI/UL 154, Standard for Carbon Dioxide Fire Extinguishers, 2014.

UL 162, Standard for Safety for Foam Equipment and Liquid Concentrates, 1994, revised 1999.

ANSI/UL 197, Standard for Commercial Electric Cooking Appliances, 2010, revised 2014.

ANSI/UL 263, Standard for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials, 2014.

ANSI/UL 294, Standard for Access Control System Units, 1999, revised 2014.

ANSI/UL 296A, Standard for Waste Oil-Burning Air-Heating Appliances, 2012.

ANSI/UL 299, Standard for Dry Chemical Fire Extinguishers, 2012.

ANSI/UL 300, Standard for Fire Testing of Fire Extinguishing Systems for Protection of Restaurant Cooking Areas, 2005, revised 2014.

ANSI/UL 305, Standard for Safety Panic Hardware, 1997, revised 2014.

ANSI/UL 325, Standard for Door, Drapery, Gate, Louver, and Window Operators and Systems, 2013.

ANSI/UL 340, Test for Comparative Flammability of Liquids, 2009, revised 2014.

ANSI/UL 499, Standard for Electric Heating Appliances, 2014.

ANSI/UL 555, Standard for Fire Dampers, 2006, revised 2014.

ANSI/UL 555S, Standard for Smoke Dampers, 1999, revised 2014.

ANSI/UL 567, Standard for Emergency Breakaway Fittings, Swivel Connectors and Pipe Connection Fittings for Petroleum Products and LP-Gas, 2003, revised 2014.

ANSI/UL 626, Standard for Water Fire Extinguishers, 2012.

UL 647, Standard for Unvented Kerosene-Fired Room Heaters and Portable Heaters, 1993.

ANSI/UL 710B, Standard for Recirculating Exhaust Systems, 2011, revised 2014.

ANSI/UL 711, Standard for Rating and Fire Testing of Fire Extinguishers, 2013.

ANSI/UL 723, Standard for Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials, 2008, revised 2013.

ANSI/UL 790, Standard for Safety for Tests for Fire Resistance of Roof Covering Materials, 2004, revised 2014.

ANSI/UL 842, Standard for Valves for Flammable Fluids, 2007, 10th edition, 2015.

ANSI/UL 900, Standard for Air Filter Units, 2004, revised 2015.

ANSI/UL 913, Standard for Intrinsically Safe Apparatus and Associated Apparatus for Use in Class I, II, and III Division 1, Hazardous (Classified) Locations, 8th edition, 2013.

ANSI/UL 924, Standard for Emergency Lighting and Power Equipment, 2006, revised 2014.

UL 971, Standard for Nonmetallic Underground Piping for Flammable Liquids, 1995, revised 2006.

ANSI/UL 1037, Standard for Antitheft Alarms and Devices, 1999, revised 2016.

ANSI/UL 1040, Standard for Fire Test of Insulated Wall Construction, 1996, revised 2013.

ANSI/UL 1313, Standard for Nonmetallic Safety Cans for Petroleum Products, 1993, revised 2012.

UL 1316, Standard for Glass-Fiber Reinforced Plastic Underground Storage Tanks for Petroleum Products, Alcohols, and Alcohol-Gasoline Mixtures, 2006.

UL 1363, Standard for Relocatable Power Taps, 2014.

UL 1363A, Outline of Investigation for Special Purpose Relocatable Power Taps, 2010.

UL 1479, Standard for Fire Tests of Through-Penetration Firestops, 2003, revised 2012.

UL 1564, Standard for Industrial Battery Chargers, 2015.

UL 1573, Standard for Stage and Studio Luminaires and Connector Strips, 2003, revised 2014.

UL 1640, Standard for Portable Power-Distribution Equipment, 2000, revised 2012.

ANSI/UL 1715, Standard for Fire Test of Interior Finish Material, 1997, revised 2013.

ANSI/UL 1746, Standard for External Corrosion Protection Systems for Steel Underground Storage Tanks, 2014.

UL 1803, Standard for Factory Follow-up on Third Party Certified Portable Fire Extinguishers, 2012.

ANSI/UL 1973, Standard for Batteries for Use in Light Electric Rail (LER) Applications and Stationary Applications, 2013.

ANSI/UL 1975, Standard for Fire Tests for Foamed Plastics Used for Decorative Purposes, 2006.

ANSI/UL 1994, Standard for Luminous Egress Path Marking Systems, 2004, revised 2015.

ANSI/UL 2079, Standard for Tests for Fire Resistance of Building Joint Systems, 2004, revised 2014.

UL 2080, Standard for Fire Resistant Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids, 2000.

ANSI/UL 2085, Standard for Protected Aboveground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids, 1997, revised 2010.

ANSI/UL 2129, Standard for Halocarbon Clean Agent Fire Extinguishers, 2014.

ANSI/UL 2208, Standard for Solvent Distillation Units, 2005, revised 2011.

UL 2245, Standard for Below-Grade Vaults for Flammable Liquid Storage Tanks, 2006.

UL 2368, Standard for Fire Exposure Testing of Intermediate Bulk Containers for Flammable and Combustible Liquids, 2014.

ANSI/UL 2586, Standard for Hose Nozzle Valves, 2011, revised 2014.

UL 9540, Outline of Investigation for Energy Storage Systems and Equipment, 2014.

Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada, 7 Underwriters Road, Toronto, Ontario M1R 3B4, Canada.

CAN/ULC-S503, Standard for Carbon-Dioxide Fire Extinguishers, 2014.

CAN/ULC-S504, Standard for Dry Chemical Fire Extinguishers, 2012.

CAN/ULC-S507, Standard for Water Fire Extinguishers, 2012.

CAN/ULC-S508, Standard for Rating and Testing of Fire Extinguishers and Fire Extinguishing Agents, 2013.

CAN/ULC-S512, Standard for Halogenated Agent Hand and Wheeled Fire Extinguishers, 2007.

CAN/ULC-S554, Standard for Water Based Agent Fire Extinguishers, 2011.

CAN/ULC-S566, Standard for Halocarbon Clean Agent Fire Extinguishers, 2014.

United Nations Headquarters, New York, NY 10017.

Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, 19th revised edition, 2011.

U.S. Government Publishing Office, Washington, DC 20402.

FAA AC 150/5390-2C, Heliport Design Advisory Circular, April 24, 2012.

Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), Rules for Construction of Unfired Pressure Vessels, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.

Title 16, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1500.41, "Method of Testing Primary Irritant Substances."

Title 16, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1632, "Standard for the Flammability of Mattresses and Mattress Pads," (FF 4-72).

Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 210, "Processing, Packing, or Holding Drugs; General."

Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 211, "Current Good Manufacturing Practice for Finished Pharmaceuticals."

Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1910.242(b), "Compressed Air Used for Cleaning."

Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1910.1000, "Air Contaminants."

Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1910.1200, "Hazard Communication."

Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 173, "Shippers — General Requirements for Shipments and Packages."

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th edition, Merriam-Webster, Inc., Springfield, MA, 2003.

NFPA 10, Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers, 2018 edition.

NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, 2016 edition.

NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems, 2013 edition.

NFPA 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, 2016 edition.

NFPA 25, Standard for the Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems, 2017 edition.

NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, 2018 edition.

NFPA 30A, Code for Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages, 2018 edition.

NFPA 30B, Code for the Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol Products, 2015 edition.

NFPA 31, Standard for the Installation of Oil-Burning Equipment, 2016 edition.

NFPA 33, Standard for Spray Application Using Flammable or Combustible Materials, 2016 edition.

NFPA 34, Standard for Dipping, Coating, and Printing Processes Using Flammable or Combustible Liquids, 2015 edition.

NFPA 36, Standard for Solvent Extraction Plants, 2017 edition.

NFPA 45, Standard on Fire Protection for Laboratories Using Chemicals, 2015 edition.

NFPA 51B, Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot Work, 2014 edition.

NFPA 52, Vehicular Natural Gas Fuel Systems Code, 2016 edition.

NFPA 55, Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids Code, 2016 edition.

NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code, 2017 edition.

NFPA 59A, Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), 2016 edition.

NFPA 61, Standard for the Prevention of Fires and Dust Explosions in Agricultural and Food Processing Facilities, 2017 edition.

NFPA 68, Standard on Explosion Protection by Deflagration Venting, 2013 edition.

NFPA 69, Standard on Explosion Prevention Systems, 2014 edition.

NFPA 70®, National Electrical Code®, 2017 edition.

NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, 2016 edition.

NFPA 80, Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives, 2016 edition.

NFPA 88A, Standard for Parking Structures, 2015 edition.

NFPA 90A, Standard for the Installation of Air-Conditioning and Ventilating Systems, 2018 edition.

NFPA 96, Standard for Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations, 2017 edition.

NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®, 2018 edition.

NFPA 140, Standard on Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Soundstages, Approved Production Facilities, and Production Locations, 2013 edition.

NFPA 211, Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances, 2016 edition.

NFPA 220, Standard on Types of Building Construction, 2018 edition.

NFPA 241, Standard for Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations, 2013 edition.

NFPA 303, Fire Protection Standard for Marinas and Boatyards, 2016 edition.

NFPA 307, Standard for the Construction and Fire Protection of Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves, 2016 edition.

NFPA 312, Standard for Fire Protection of Vessels During Construction, Conversion, Repair, and Lay-Up, 2016 edition.

NFPA 318, Standard for the Protection of Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities, 2018 edition.

NFPA 400, Hazardous Materials Code, 2016 edition.

NFPA 402, Guide for Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Operations, 2018 edition.

NFPA 407, Standard for Aircraft Fuel Servicing, 2017 edition.

NFPA 415, Standard on Airport Terminal Buildings, Fueling Ramp Drainage, and Loading Walkways, 2016 edition.

NFPA 418, Standard for Heliports, 2016 edition.

NFPA 472, Standard for Competence of Responders to Hazardous Materials/Weapons of Mass Destruction Incidents, 2018 edition.

NFPA 652, Standard on the Fundamentals of Combustible Dust, 2016 edition.

NFPA 654, Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids, 2017 edition.

NFPA 805, Performance-Based Standard for Fire Protection for Light Water Reactor Electric Generating Plants, 2015 edition.

NFPA 914, Code for Fire Protection of Historic Structures, 2015 edition.

NFPA 1031, Standard for Professional Qualifications for Fire Inspector and Plan Examiner, 2014 edition.

NFPA 1141, Standard for Fire Protection Infrastructure for Land Development in Wildland, Rural, and Suburban Areas, 2017 edition.

NFPA 1142, Standard on Water Supplies for Suburban and Rural Fire Fighting, 2017 edition.

NFPA 1144, Standard for Reducing Structure Ignition Hazards from Wildland Fire, 2018 edition.

NFPA 1730, Standard on Organization and Deployment of Fire Prevention Inspection and Code Enforcement, Plan Review, Investigation, and Public Education Operations, 2016 edition.

NFPA 5000®, Building Construction and Safety Code®, 2018 edition.

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