Plumbing fixtures shall be provided in the minimum number shown in Table 2902.1. Uses not shown in Table 2902.1 shall be determined individually by the building official based on the occupancy which most nearly resembles the proposed occupancy. The number of occupants shall be determined by this code. Plumbing fixtures need not be provided for unoccupied buildings or facilities.
|1||Assembly||A-1d||Theaters and other buildings for the performing arts and motion pictures||1 per 125||1 per 65||1 per 200||—|
|A-2d||Nightclubs, bars, taverns, dance halls and buildings for similar purposes||1 per 40||1 per 40||1 per 75||—|
|Restaurants, banquet halls and food courts||1 per 75||1 per 75||1 per 200||—|
|A-3d||Auditoriums without permanent seating, art galleries, exhibition halls, museums, lecture halls, libraries, arcades and gymnasiums||1 per 125||1 per 65||1 per 200||—|
|Passenger terminals and transportation facilities||1 per 500||1 per 500||1 per 750||—|
|Places of worship and other religious services||1 per 150||1 per 75||1 per 200||—|
|A-4||Coliseums, arenas, skating rinks, pools, and tennis courts for indoor sporting events and activities||1 per 75 for first 1,500 and 1 per 120 for remainder exceeding 1,500||1 per 40 for first 1,520 and 1 per 60 for remainder exceeding 1,520||1 per 200||1 per 150||—|
|A-5||Stadiums, amusement parks, bleachers and grandstands for outdoor sporting events and activities||1 per 75 for first 1,500 and 1 per 120 for remainder exceeding 1,500||1 per 40 for first 1,520 and 1 per 60 for remainder exceeding 1,520||1 per 200||1 per 150||—|
|2||Business||B||Buildings for the transaction of business, professional services, other services involving merchandise, office buildings, banks, light industrial and similar uses||1 per 25 for first 50 and 1 per 50 for the remainder exceeding 50||1 per 40 for first 80 and 1 per 80 for remainder exceeding 80||—|
|3||Educational||Ee||Educational facilities||1 per 35||1 per 25||1 per 85||1 per 50||—|
|4||Factory and industrial||F-1||Structures in which occupants are engaged in work fabricating, assembly or processing of products or materials||1 per 100||1 per 100||Check State (UPC)|
|5||Institutional||I-1||Residential care||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8|
|I-2||Hospitals, ambulatory nursing home care recipientb||1 per roomc||1 per roomc||1 per 15|
|Employees, other than residential careb||1 per 25||1 per 35||—|
|Visitors other than residential care||1 per 75||1 per 100||—|
|I-3||Prisonsb||1 per cell||1 per cell||1 per 15|
|Reformatories, detention centers and correctional centersb||1 per 15||1 per 15||1 per 15|
|Employeesb||1 per 25||1 per 35||—|
|I-4||Adult day care and child day care||1 per 15||1 per 15||1|
|6||Mercantile||M||Retail stores, service stations, shops, salesrooms, markets and shopping centers||1 per 500||1 per 750||—|
|7||Residential||R-1||Hotels, motels, boarding houses (transient)||1 per sleeping unit||1 per sleeping unit||1 per sleeping unit|
|R-2||Dormitories, fraternities, sororities and boarding houses (not transient)||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8|
|Apartment houses||1 per dwelling unit||1 per dwelling unit||1 per dwelling unit|
|R-3||One- and two-family dwellings||1 per dwelling unit||1 per 10||1 per dwelling unit|
|Congregate living facilities with 16 or fewer persons||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8|
|R-4||Congregate living facilities with 16 or fewer persons||1 per 10||1 per 10||1 per 8|
|8||Storage||S-1||Structures for the storage of goods, warehouses, storehouses and freight depots, low and moderate hazard||1 per 100||1 per 100||Check State (UPC)|
For SI: 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2.
To determine the occupant load of each sex, the total occupant load shall be divided in half. To determine the required number of fixtures, the fixture ratio or ratios for each fixture type shall be applied to the occupant load of each sex in accordance with Table 2902.1. Fractional numbers resulting from applying the fixture ratios of Table 2902.1 shall be rounded up to the next whole number. For calculations involving multiple occupancies, such fractional numbers for each occupancy shall first be summed and then rounded up to the next whole number.
Where plumbing fixtures are required, separate facilities shall be provided for each sex.
- Separate facilities shall not be required for dwelling units and sleeping units.
- Separate facilities shall not be required in structures or tenant spaces with a total occupant load, including both employees and customers, of 15 or less.
- Separate facilities shall not be required in mercantile occupancies in which the maximum occupant load is 100 or less.
- Separate facilities shall not be required in spaces primarily used for drinking or dining with a total occupant load, including both employees and customers, of 30 or fewer.
- Separate facilities shall not be required when gender-neutral facilities are provided in accordance with Section 2902.2.2
Gender-neutral toilet facilities, when provided, shall be in accordance with the following:
Customers, patrons and visitors shall be provided with public toilet facilities in structures and tenant spaces intended for public utilization. The number of plumbing fixtures located within the required toilet facilities shall be provided in accordance with Section 2902.1 for all users. Employees shall be provided with toilet facilities in all occupancies. Employee toilet facilities shall be either separate or combined employee and public toilet facilities.
Exception: Public toilet facilities shall not be required for:
In occupancies other than covered and open mall buildings, the required public and employee toilet facilities shall be located in each building not more than one story above or below the space required to be provided with toilet facilities, or conveniently in a building adjacent thereto on the same property, and the path of travel to such facilities shall not exceed a distance of 500 feet (152 m).
Exception: The location and maximum distances of travel to required employee facilities in factory and industrial occupancies are permitted to exceed that required by this section, provided that the location and maximum distance of travel are approved.
Occupant loads over 30 shall have one drinking fountain for the first 150 occupants, then one per each additional 500 occupants.