The air removed by every mechanical exhaust system shall be discharged to the outdoors in accordance with Section M1506.2. Air shall not be exhausted into an attic, soffit, ridge vent or crawl space.
Exception: Whole-house ventilation-type attic fans that discharge into the attic space of dwelling units having private attics shall be permitted.
Air transferred from occupiable spaces other than kitchens, baths and toilet rooms shall not be prohibited from serving as makeup air for exhaust systems. Transfer openings between spaces shall be of the same cross-sectional area as the free area of the makeup air openings. Where louvers and grilles are installed, the required size of openings shall be based on the net free area of each opening. Where the design and free area of louvers and grilles are not known, it shall be assumed that wood louvers will have 25-percent free area and metal louvers and grilles will have 75-percent free area.
Dryer exhaust systems shall be independent of all other systems and shall convey the moisture to the outdoors.
Exception: This section shall not apply to listed and labeled condensing (ductless) clothes dryers.
The maximum length of the exhaust duct shall be 35 feet (10 668 mm) from the connection to the transition duct from the dryer to the outlet terminal. Where fittings are used, the maximum length of the exhaust duct shall be reduced in accordance with Table M1502.4.4.1. The maximum length of the exhaust duct does not include the transition duct.
DRYER EXHAUST DUCT FITTING EQUIVALENT LENGTH
|DRYER EXHAUST DUCT FITTING TYPE||EQUIVALENT LENGTH|
|4 inch radius mitered 45 degree elbow||2 feet 6 inches|
|4 inch radius mitered 90 degree elbow||5 feet|
|6 inch radius smooth 45 degree elbow||1 foot|
|6 inch radius smooth 90 degree elbow||1 foot 9 inches|
|8 inch radius smooth 45 degree elbow||1 foot|
|8 inch radius smooth 90 degree elbow||1 foot 7 inches|
|10 inch radius smooth 45 degree elbow||9 inches|
|10 inch radius smooth 90 degree elbow||1 foot 6 inches|
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 degree = 0.0175 rad.
Where space for a clothes dryer is provided, an exhaust duct system shall be installed. Where the clothes dryer is not installed at the time of occupancy the exhaust duct shall be capped or plugged in the space in which it originates and identified and marked “future use.”
Exception: Where a listed condensing clothes dryer is installed prior to occupancy of the structure.
Range hoods shall discharge to the outdoors through a single-wall duct. The duct serving the hood shall have a smooth interior surface, shall be air tight, shall be equipped with a back-draft damper, and shall be independent of all other exhaust systems. Ducts serving range hoods shall not terminate in an attic or crawl space or areas inside the building.
Exception: Where installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions, and where mechanical or natural ventilation is otherwise provided, listed and labeled ductless range hoods shall not be required to discharge to the outdoors.
Single-wall ducts serving range hoods shall be constructed of galvanized steel, stainless steel or copper.
Exception: Ducts for domestic kitchen cooking appliances equipped with down-draft exhaust systems shall be permitted to be constructed of schedule 40 PVC pipe and fittings provided that the installation complies with all of the following:
- The duct is installed under a concrete slab poured on grade;
- The underfloor trench in which the duct is installed is completely backfilled with sand or gravel;
- The PVC duct extends not more than 1 inch (25 mm) above the indoor concrete floor surface;
- The PVC duct extends not more than 1 inch (25 mm) above grade outside of the building; and
- The PVC ducts are solvent cemented.
Exhaust hood systems capable of exhausting more than 400 cubic feet per minute (0.19 m3/s) shall be provided with makeup air at a rate approximately equal to the exhaust air rate in excess of 400 cubic feet per minute (0.19 m3/s). Such makeup air systems shall be equipped with a means of closure and shall be automatically controlled to start and operate simultaneously with the exhaust system.
Exception: Intentional openings for makeup air are not required for kitchen exhaust systems capable of exhausting not greater than 600 cubic feet per minute (0.28 m3/s) provided that one of the following conditions is met:
- Where the floor area within the air barrier of a dwelling unit is at least 1,500 square feet (139.35 m2), and where natural draft or mechanical draft space-heating or water-heating appliances are not located within the air barrier.
- Where the floor area within the air barrier of a dwelling unit is at least 3,000 square feet (278.71 m2), and where natural draft space-heating or water-heating appliances are not located within the air barrier.
The whole-house mechanical ventilation system shall provide outdoor air at a continuous rate of not less than that determined in accordance with Table M1507.3.3(1).
Exception: The whole-house mechanical ventilation system is permitted to operate intermittently where the system has controls that enable operation for not less than 25-percent of each 4-hour segment and the ventilation rate prescribed in Table M1507.3.3(1) is multiplied by the factor determined in accordance with Table M1507.3.3(2).
CONTINUOUS WHOLE-HOUSE MECHANICAL VENTILATION SYSTEM AIRFLOW RATE REQUIREMENTS
FLOOR AREA(square feet)
|NUMBER OF BEDROOMS|
|0 – 1||2 – 3||4 – 5||6 – 7||> 7|
|Airflow in CFM|
|1,501 – 3,000||45||60||75||90||105|
|3,001 – 4,500||60||75||90||105||120|
|4,501 – 6,000||75||90||105||120||135|
|6,001 – 7,500||90||105||120||135||150|
For SI: 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2, 1 cubic foot per minute = 0.0004719 m3/s.
INTERMITTENT WHOLE-HOUSE MECHANICAL VENTILATION RATE FACTORSa, b
|RUN-TIME PERCENTAGE INEACH 4-HOUR SEGMENT||25%||33%||50%||66%||75%||100%|
- For ventilation system run time values between those given, the factors are permitted to be determined by interpolation.
- Extrapolation beyond the table is prohibited.
Local exhaust systems shall be designed to have the capacity to exhaust the minimum air flow rate determined in accordance with Table M1507.4.
MINIMUM REQUIRED LOCAL EXHAUST RATES FOR ONE- AND TWO-FAMILY DWELLINGS
|AREA TO BE |
|Kitchens||100 cfm intermittent or 25 cfm continuous|
|Bathrooms-Toilet Rooms||Mechanical exhaust capacity of 50 cfm intermittent or 20 cfm continuous|
For SI: 1 cubic foot per minute = 0.0004719 m3/s.