Plumbing fixtures, drains, appurtenances and appliances used to receive or discharge liquid wastes or sewage shall be directly connected to the sanitary drainage system of the building or premises, in accordance with the requirements of this code. This section shall not be construed to prevent indirect waste systems required by Chapter 8.
Exception: Bathtubs, showers, lavatories, clothes washers and laundry trays shall not be required to discharge to the sanitary drainage system where such fixtures discharge to an approved nonpotable gray water system in accordance with the applicable provisions of Chapter 13.
Plumbing systems shall not be located in an elevator shaft or in an elevator equipment room.
Exception: Floor drains, sumps and sump pumps shall be permitted at the base of the shaft, provided that they are indirectly connected to the plumbing system and comply with Section 1003.4.
In instances where conflicts occur between this code and the manufacturer’s installation instructions, the more restrictive provisions shall apply.
Piping in a plumbing system shall be installed so as to prevent strains and stresses that exceed the structural strength of the pipe. Where necessary, provisions shall be made to protect piping from damage resulting from expansion, contraction and structural settlement.
Pipe shall be supported in accordance with Table 308.5.
Exception: The interval of support for piping systems designed to provide for expansion/contraction shall conform to the engineered design in accordance with Section 316.1.
|PIPING MATERIAL||MAXIMUM |
|Copper or copper-alloy pipe||12||10|
|Copper or copper-alloy tubing, |
11/4-inch diameter and
|Copper or copper-alloy tubing, |
11/2-inch diameter and
|Cross-linked polyethylene |
polyethylene (PEX-ALPEX) pipe
|CPVC pipe or tubing, 1 inch |
|CPVC pipe or tubing, 11/4 |
inches and larger
|Polyethylene of raised|
temperature (PE-RT) pipe
|Polypropylene (PP) pipe or|
tubing 1 inch and smaller
|Polypropylene (PP) pipe or |
tubing, 11/4 inches and larger
|Stainless steel drainage |
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
- The maximum horizontal spacing of cast-iron pipe hangers shall be increased to 10 feet where 10-foot lengths of pipe are installed.
- Midstory guide for sizes 2 inches and smaller.
For structures located in flood hazard areas, the following systems and equipment shall be located and installed as required by Section 1612 of the International Building Code.
Exception: The following systems are permitted to be located below the elevation required by Section 1612 of the International Building Code for utilities and attendant equipment provided that the systems are designed and installed to prevent water from entering or accumulating within their components and the systems are constructed to resist hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and stresses, including the effects of buoyancy, during the occurrence of flooding to up to such elevation.
- All water service pipes.
- Pump seals in individual water supply systems where the pump is located below the design flood elevation.
- Covers on potable water wells shall be sealed, except where the top of the casing well or pipe sleeve is elevated to not less than 1 foot (305 mm) above the design flood elevation.
- All sanitary drainage piping.
- All storm drainage piping.
- Manhole covers shall be sealed, except where elevated to or above the design flood elevation.
- All other plumbing fixtures, faucets, fixture fittings, piping systems and equipment.
- Water heaters.
- Vents and vent systems.
Washrooms and toilet rooms shall be illuminated and ventilated in accordance with the International Building Code and International Mechanical Code.
Interior finish surfaces of toilet rooms shall comply with the International Building Code.
Gauges used for testing shall be as follows:
- Tests requiring a pressure of 10 pounds per square inch (psi) (69 kPa) or less shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 0.10 psi (0.69 kPa) or less.
- Tests requiring a pressure of greater than 10 psi (69 kPa) but less than or equal to 100 psi (689 kPa) shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 1 psi (6.9 kPa) or less.
- Tests requiring a pressure of greater than 100 psi (689 kPa) shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 2 psi (14 kPa) or less.
Components of the condensate disposal system shall be cast iron, galvanized steel, copper, cross-linked polyethylene, polybutylene, polyethylene, ABS, CPVC or PVC pipe or tubing. All components shall be selected for the pressure and temperature rating of the installation. Joints and connections shall be made in accordance with the applicable provisions of Chapter 7 relative to the material type. Condensate waste and drain line size shall be not less than 3/4-inch (19 mm) internal diameter and shall not decrease in size from the drain pan connection to the place of condensate disposal. Where the drain pipes from more than one unit are manifolded together for condensate drainage, the pipe or tubing shall be sized in accordance with Table 314.2.2.
[M] TABLE 314.2.2
CONDENSATE DRAIN SIZING
|EQUIPMENT CAPACITY||MINIMUM CONDENSATE|
|Up to 20 tons of refrigeration||3/4 inch|
|Over 20 tons to 40 tons of refrigeration||1 inch|
|Over 40 tons to 90 tons of refrigeration||11/4 inch|
|Over 90 tons to 125 tons of refrigeration||11/2 inch|
|Over 125 tons to 250 tons of refrigeration||2 inch|
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 ton of capacity = 3.517 kW.
In addition to the requirements of Section 314.2.1, where damage to any building components could occur as a result of overflow from the equipment primary condensate removal system, one of the following auxiliary protection methods shall be provided for each cooling coil or fuel-fired appliance that produces condensate:
- An auxiliary drain pan with a separate drain shall be provided under the coils on which condensation will occur. The auxiliary pan drain shall discharge to a conspicuous point of disposal to alert occupants in the event of a stoppage of the primary drain. The pan shall have a depth of not less than 11/2 inches (38 mm), shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm) larger than the unit or the coil dimensions in width and length and shall be constructed of corrosion-resistant material. Galvanized sheet metal pans shall have a thickness of not less than 0.0236-inch (0.6010 mm) (No. 24 gage) galvanized sheet metal. Nonmetallic pans shall have a thickness of not less than 0.0625 inch (1.6 mm).
- A separate overflow drain line shall be connected to the drain pan provided with the equipment. Such overflow drain shall discharge to a conspicuous point of disposal to alert occupants in the event of a stoppage of the primary drain. The overflow drain line shall connect to the drain pan at a higher level than the primary drain connection.
- An auxiliary drain pan without a separate drain line shall be provided under the coils on which condensate will occur. Such pan shall be equipped with a water-level detection device conforming to UL 508 that will shut off the equipment served prior to overflow of the pan. The auxiliary drain pan shall be constructed in accordance with Item 1 of this section.
The design, documentation, inspection, testing and approval of an alternative engineered design plumbing system shall comply with Sections 316.1.1 through 316.1.6.
An alternative engineered design shall conform to the intent of the provisions of this code and shall provide an equivalent level of quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety. Material, equipment or components shall be designed and installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
The registered design professional shall indicate on the permit application that the plumbing system is an alternative engineered design. The permit and permanent permit records shall indicate that an alternative engineered design was part of the approved installation.
The registered design professional shall submit sufficient technical data to substantiate the proposed alternative engineered design and to prove that the performance meets the intent of this code.
The registered design professional shall submit to the code official two complete sets of signed and sealed construction documents for the alternative engineering design. The construction documents shall include floor plans and a riser diagram of the work. Where appropriate, the construction documents shall indicate the direction of flow, all pipe sizes, grade of horizontal piping, loading, and location of fixtures and appliances.
Where the code official determines that the alternative engineered design conforms to the intent of this code, the plumbing system shall be approved. If the alternative engineered design is not approved, the code official shall notify the registered design professional in writing, stating the reasons thereof.