This chapter shall govern the approval, design, installation, construction, maintenance, alteration and repair of the appliances and equipment specifically identified herein.
The following provisions apply to floor furnaces:
- Floors. Floor furnaces shall not be installed in the floor of any doorway, stairway landing, aisle or passageway of any enclosure, public or private, or in an exitway from any such room or space.
- Walls and corners. The register of a floor furnace with a horizontal warm-air outlet shall not be placed closer than 6 inches (152 mm) to the nearest wall. A distance of at least 18 inches (457 mm) from two adjoining sides of the floor furnace register to walls shall be provided to eliminate the necessity of occupants walking over the warm-air discharge. The remaining sides shall be permitted to be placed not closer than 6 inches (152 mm) to a wall. Wall-register models shall not be placed closer than 6 inches (152 mm) to a corner.
- Draperies. The furnace shall be placed so that a door, drapery or similar object cannot be nearer than 12 inches (305 mm) to any portion of the register of the furnace.
- Floor construction. Floor furnaces shall not be installed in concrete floor construction built on grade.
- Thermostat. The controlling thermostat for a floor furnace shall be located within the same room or space as the floor furnace or shall be located in an adjacent room or space that is permanently open to the room or space containing the floor furnace.
Where a duct furnace is installed so that supply ducts convey air to areas outside the space containing the furnace, the return air shall also be conveyed by a duct(s) sealed to the furnace casing and terminating outside the space containing the furnace.
The duct furnace shall be installed on the positive pressure side of the circulating air blower.
Direct-fired industrial air heaters with valve train components equipped with atmospheric vents, gas reliefs or bleeds shall have their atmospheric vent lines and gas reliefs or bleeds lead to the outdoors.
Means shall be employed on these lines to prevent water from entering and to prevent blockage by insects and foreign matter. An atmospheric vent line shall not be required to be provided on a valve train component equipped with a listed vent limiter.
The maximum length of the exhaust duct shall be 35 feet (10 668 mm) from the connection to the transition duct from the dryer to the outlet terminal. Where fittings are utilized, the maximum length of the exhaust duct shall be reduced in accordance with Table 6184.108.40.206.
DRYER EXHAUST DUCT FITTING EQUIVALENT LENGTH
|DRYER EXHAUST DUCT FITTING TYPE||EQUIVALENT LENGTH|
|4 inch radius mitered 45-degree elbow||2 feet, 6 inches|
|4 inch radius mitered 90-degree elbow||5 feet|
|6 inch radius smooth 45-degree elbow||1 foot|
|6 inch radius smooth 90-degree elbow||1 foot, 9 inches|
|8 inch radius smooth 45-degree elbow||1 foot|
|8 inch radius smooth 90-degree elbow||1 foot, 7 inches|
|10 inch radius smooth 45-degree elbow||9 inches|
|10 inch radius smooth 90-degree elbow||1 foot, 6 inches|
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Where space for a clothes dryer is provided, an exhaust duct system shall be installed.
Where the clothes dryer is not installed at the time of occupancy, the exhaust duct shall be capped at the location of the future dryer.
Exception: Where a listed condensing clothes dryer is installed prior to occupancy of the structure.
Where a common multistory duct system is designed and installed to convey exhaust from multiple clothes dryers, the construction of such system shall be in accordance with all of the following:
- The shaft in which the duct is installed shall be constructed and fire-resistant rated as required by the International Building Code.
- Dampers shall be prohibited in the exhaust duct. Penetrations of the shaft and ductwork shall be protected in accordance with Section 607.5.5, Exception 2, of the International Mechanical Code.
- Rigid metal ductwork shall be installed within the shaft to convey the exhaust. The ductwork shall be constructed of sheet steel having a minimum thickness of 0.0187 inch (0.471 mm) (No. 26 gage) and in accordance with SMACNA Duct Construction Standards.
- The ductwork within the shaft shall be designed and installed without offsets.
- The exhaust fan motor design shall be in accordance with Section 503.2 of the International Mechanical Code.
- The exhaust fan motor shall be located outside of the airstream.
- The exhaust fan shall run continuously, and shall be connected to a standby power source.
- The exhaust fan operation shall be monitored in an approved location and shall initiate an audible or visual signal when the fan is not in operation.
- Makeup air shall be provided for the exhaust system.
- A cleanout opening shall be located at the base of the shaft to provide access to the duct to allow for cleaning and inspection. The finished opening shall be not less than 12 inches by 12 inches (305 mm by 305 mm).
- Screens shall not be installed at the termination.
The following permanent notice, constructed of approved material, shall be mechanically attached to the sauna room on the outside:
WARNING: DO NOT EXCEED 30 MINUTES IN SAUNA. EXCESSIVE EXPOSURE CAN BE HARMFUL TO HEALTH. ANY PERSON WITH POOR HEALTH SHOULD CONSULT A PHYSICIAN BEFORE USING SAUNA.
The words shall contrast with the background and the wording shall be in letters not less than 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) high.
Exception: This section shall not apply to one- and two-family dwellings.
The minimum unobstructed total area of the outside and return air ducts or openings to a forced-air warm-air furnace shall be not less than 2 square inches for each 1,000 Btu/h (4402 mm2/W) output rating capacity of the furnace and not less than that specified in the furnace manufacturer’s installation instructions. The minimum unobstructed total area of supply ducts from a forced-air warm-air furnace shall be not less than 2 square inches for each 1,000 Btu/h (4402 mm2/W) output rating capacity of the furnace and not less than that specified in the furnace manufacturer’s installation instructions.
Exception: The total area of the supply air ducts and outside and return air ducts shall not be required to be larger than the minimum size required by the furnace manufacturer’s installation instructions.
Outdoor or return air for forced-air heating and cooling systems shall not be taken from the following locations:
- Closer than 10 feet (3048 mm) from an appliance vent outlet, a vent opening from a plumbing drainage system or the discharge outlet of an exhaust fan, unless the outlet is 3 feet (914 mm) above the outside air inlet.
- Where there is the presence of objectionable odors, fumes or flammable vapors; or where located less than 10 feet (3048 mm)above the surface of any abutting public way or driveway; or where located at grade level by a sidewalk, street, alley or driveway.
- A hazardous or insanitary location or a refrigeration machinery room as defined in the International Mechanical Code.
- The appliance is a direct-vent appliance or an appliance not requiring a vent in accordance with Section 501.8.
- The room or space complies with the following requirements:
- 2.1. The return air shall be taken from a room or space having a volume exceeding 1 cubic foot for each 10 Btu/h (9.6L/W) of combined input rating of all fuel-burning appliances therein.
- 2.2. The volume of supply air discharged back into the same space shall be approximately equal to the volume of return air taken from the space.
- 2.3. Return-air inlets shall not be located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of a draft hood in the same room or space or the combustion chamber of any atmospheric burner appliance in the same room or space.
- Rooms or spaces containing solid fuel-burning appliances, provided that return-air inlets are located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from the firebox of such appliances.
- Where return air intakes are located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from cooking appliances and serve only the kitchen area, taking return air from a kitchen area shall not be prohibited.
- Dedicated forced air systems serving only a garage shall not be prohibited from obtaining return air from the garage.
- A crawl space by means of direct connection to the return side of a forced-air system. Transfer openings in the crawl space enclosure shall not be prohibited.
Suspended-type unit heaters shall be installed with clearances to combustible materials of not less than 18 inches (457 mm) at the sides, 12 inches (305 mm) at the bottom and 6 inches (152 mm) above the top where the unit heater has an internal draft hood or 1 inch (25 mm) above the top of the sloping side of the vertical draft hood.
Floor-mounted-type unit heaters shall be installed with clearances to combustible materials at the back and one side only of not less than 6 inches (152 mm). Where the flue gases are vented horizontally, the 6-inch (152 mm) clearance shall be measured from the draft hood or vent instead of the rear wall of the unit heater. Floor-mounted-type unit heaters shall not be installed on combustible floors unless listed for such installation.
Clearances for servicing all unit heaters shall be in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions.
Exception: Unit heaters listed for reduced clearance shall be permitted to be installed with such clearances in accordance with their listing and the manufacturer’s instructions.
Household cooking appliances shall have a vertical clearance above the cooking top of not less than 30 inches (760mm) to combustible material and metal cabinets. A minimum clearance of 24 inches (610 mm) is permitted where one of the following is installed:
- The underside of the combustible material or metal cabinet above the cooking top is protected with not less than 1/4-inch (6 mm) insulating millboard covered with sheet metal not less than 0.0122 inch (0.3 mm) thick.
- A metal ventilating hood constructed of sheet metal not less than 0.0122 inch (0.3 mm) thick is installed above the cooking top with a clearance of not less than 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) between the hood and the underside of the combustible material or metal cabinet. The hood shall have a width not less than the width of the appliance and shall be centered over the appliance.
- A listed cooking appliance or microwave oven is installed over a listed cooking appliance and in compliance with the terms of the manufacturer’s installation instructions for the upper appliance.
Refrigerators shall be tested in accordance with ANSI Z21.19 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions.
Refrigerators shall be provided with adequate clearances for ventilation at the top and back, and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. If such instructions are not available, at least 2 inches (51 mm) shall be provided between the back of the refrigerator and the wall and at least 12 inches (305 mm) above the top.
Air-conditioning appliances installed in rooms other than alcoves and closets shall be installed with clearances not less than those specified in Section 308.3 except that air-conditioning appliances listed for installation at lesser clearances than those specified in Section 308.3 shall be permitted to be installed in accordance with such listing and the manufacturer’s instructions and air-conditioning appliances listed for installation at greater clearances than those specified in Section 308.3 shall be installed in accordance with such listing and the manufacturer’s instructions.
Air-conditioning appliances installed in rooms other than alcoves and closets shall be permitted to be installed with reduced clearances to combustible material, provided that the combustible material is protected in accordance with Table 308.2.
A plenum supplied as a part of the air-conditioning appliance shall be installed in accordance with the appliance manufacturer’s instructions. Where a plenum is not supplied with the appliance, such plenum shall be installed in accordance with the fabrication and installation instructions provided by the plenum and appliance manufacturer. The method of connecting supply and return ducts shall facilitate proper circulation of air.
Where the air-conditioning appliance is installed within a space separated from the spaces served by the appliance, the air circulated by the appliance shall be conveyed by ducts that are sealed to the casing of the appliance and that separate the circulating air from the combustion and ventilation air.
A refrigeration coil shall not be installed in conjunction with a forced-air furnace where circulation of cooled air is provided by the furnace blower, unless the blower has sufficient capacity to overcome the external static resistance imposed by the duct system and cooling coil at the air throughput necessary for heating or cooling, whichever is greater. Furnaces shall not be located upstream from cooling units, unless the cooling unit is designed or equipped so as not to develop excessive temperature or pressure. Refrigeration coils shall be installed in parallel with or on the downstream side of central furnaces to avoid condensation in the heating element, unless the furnace has been specifically listed for downstream installation. With a parallel flow arrangement, the dampers or other means used to control flow of air shall be sufficiently tight to prevent any circulation of cooled air through the furnace.
Means shall be provided for disposal of condensate and to prevent dripping of condensate onto the heating element.
Where an unlisted decorative appliance for installation in a vented fireplace is installed, the fireplace damper shall have a permanent free opening equal to or greater than specified in Table 634.1.
FREE OPENING AREA OF CHIMNEY DAMPER FOR VENTING FLUE GASES FROM UNLISTED DECORATIVE APPLIANCES FOR INSTALLATION IN VENTED FIREPLACES
|CHIMNEY HEIGHT (feet)||MINIMUM PERMANENT FREE OPENING (square inches)a|
|Appliance input rating (Btu per hour)|
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square inch = 645.16 m2, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W.
- The first six minimum permanent free openings (8 to 51 square inches) correspond approximately to the cross-sectional areas of chimneys having diameters of 3 through 8 inches, respectively. The 64-square-inch opening corresponds to the cross-sectional area of standard 8-inch by 8-inch chimney tile.