ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2018 (IFC 2018)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
The provisions of this chapter shall govern interior finish, interior trim, furniture, furnishings, decorative materials and decorative vegetation in buildings.
The provisions of this section shall apply to the maintenance of interior wall and ceiling finishes and interior wall and ceiling trim in existing buildings in accordance with the applicable building code.
Interior wall or ceiling finishes shall be classified and tested in accordance with the applicable building code.
Manufacturer's product information and testing reports shall be furnished to the fire official upon request.
Interior finish materials regulated by this chapter shall remain applied or otherwise fastened in accordance with the applicable building code.

Interior wall and ceiling finish shall have a flame spread index not greater than that approved under the applicable building code. New interior finish shall not be installed unless approved by the building official in accordance with the applicable building code.

TABLE 803.3

INTERIOR WALL AND CEILING FINISH REQUIREMENTS BY OCCUPANCY

Deleted

The required flame spread or smoke-developed index of surfaces in existing buildings shall be allowed to be achieved by application of approved fire-retardant coatings, paints or solutions to surfaces having a flame spread index exceeding that allowed. Such applications shall comply with NFPA 703 and the required fire-retardant properties shall be maintained or renewed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. The fire-retardant paint, coating or solution shall have been assessed by testing over the same substrate to be used in the application.
Where used as interior wall or ceiling finish materials, textiles, including materials having woven or nonwoven, napped, tufted, looped or similar surface, shall comply with the requirements of the applicable building code. Newly introduced materials shall not be installed unless approved by the building official.
Where used as interior wall or ceiling finish materials, textiles, including materials having woven or nonwoven, napped, tufted, looped or similar surface, shall comply with the requirements of the applicable building code. Newly introduced materials shall not be installed unless approved by the building official.
Expanded vinyl wall coverings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Newly introduced materials shall not be installed unless approved by the building official.
Expanded vinyl ceiling coverings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Newly introduced materials shall not be installed unless approved by the building official.
Where high-density polyethylene or polypropylene is used as an interior finish, it shall comply with the applicable building code. Newly introduced materials shall not be installed unless approved by the building official.
Where used as newly installed interior wall or interior ceiling finish materials, site-fabricated stretch systems containing all three components described in the definition in Chapter 2 shall not be installed unless approved by the building official in accordance with the applicable building code.
Foam plastic materials shall not be used as interior wall and ceiling finish or interior trim unless specifically allowed by the building official in accordance with the applicable building code.
Facings or veneers intended to be applied on-site over a wood substrate shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Laminated products factory produced with an attached wood substrate shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Materials having a thickness less than 0.036 inch (0.9 mm) applied to the surface of walls or ceilings shall not be subject to interior finish requirements.
Exposed portions of buildings elements complying with the requirements of Type IV construction in accordance with the applicable building code, shall not be subject to interior finish requirements.
Combustible trim, as defined by the applicable building code, excluding handrails and guardrails, shall be maintained. Newly introduced materials shall not be installed unless approved by the building official.
Foam plastic used as interior trim shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Newly introduced materials shall not be installed unless approved by the building official.
Interior floor finish and floor covering materials shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Interior floor finish and floor covering materials shall be classified in accordance with the applicable building code.
Manufacturer's product information and testing reports shall be furnished to the fire official upon request.
The requirements in Sections 805.1.1 through 805.1.2 shall apply to facilities in Group I-1, Condition 2.
Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements of Sections 805.1.1.1 through 805.1.1.3.

Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with one of the following:

  1. Mocked-up composites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length not exceeding 1.5 inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 261.
  2. The components of the upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 260.

Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E1537 or California Technical Bulletin 133, as follows:

  1. The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW.

    Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.

  2. The total energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 megajoules (MJ).

    Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.

Upholstered furniture shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of Sections 805.1.1.1 and 805.1.1.2.
Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the requirements of Sections 805.1.2.1 through 805.1.2.3.
Newly introduced mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 and shall have a char length not exceeding 2 inches (51 mm).

Newly introduced mattresses shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E1590 or California Technical Bulletin 129, as follows:

  1. The peak rate of heat release for the single mattress shall not exceed 100 kW.

    Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.

  2. The total energy released by the single mattress during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

    Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.

Mattresses shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of Sections 805.2.2.1 and 805.2.2.2.
The requirements in Sections 805.2.1 through 805.2.2 shall apply to Group I-2 occupancies and Group B ambulatory care facilities.
Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements of Sections 805.2.1.1 through 805.2.1.3.

Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with one of the following: (a) mocked-up composites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length not exceeding 1.5 inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 261 or (b) the components of the upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 260.

Exception: Upholstered furniture belonging to the patients in sleeping rooms of Group I-2, Condition 1 occupancies provided that a smoke detector is installed in such rooms. Battery-powered, singlestation smoke alarms shall be allowed.

Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E1537 or California Technical Bulletin 133, as follows:

  1. The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW.

    Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.

  2. The total energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

    Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.

Upholstered furniture shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of Sections 805.2.1.1 and 805.2.1.2.
Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the requirements of Sections 805.2.2.1 through 805.2.2.3.
Newly introduced mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 and shall have a char length not exceeding 2 inches (51 mm).

Newly introduced mattresses shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E1590 or California Technical Bulletin 129, as follows:

  1. The peak rate of heat release for the single mattress shall not exceed 100 kW.

    Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.

  2. The total energy released by the single mattress during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

    Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.

Mattresses shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of Sections 805.2.2.1 and 805.2.2.2.
The requirements in Sections 805.3.1 through 805.3.2 shall apply to detention and correction facilities classified in Group I-3.
Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements of Sections 805.3.1.1 through 805.3.1.3

Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with one of the following:

  1. Mocked-up composites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length not exceeding 1.5 inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 261.
  2. The components of the upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 260.

Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E1537, as follows:

  1. The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW.
  2. The total heat released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.
Upholstered furniture shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of Sections 805.3.1.1 and 805.3.1.2.
Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the requirements of Sections 805.3.2.1 through 805.3.2.3.
Newly introduced mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 and shall have a char length not exceeding 2 inches (51 mm).
Newly introduced mattresses shall be tested in accordance with Section 805.3.2.2.1 or 805.3.2.2.2.

Newly introduced mattresses shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E1590 or California Technical Bulletin 129, as follows:

  1. The peak rate of heat release for the single mattress shall not exceed 100 kW.
  2. The total heat released by the single mattress during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.
Newly introduced mattresses shall have a mass loss not exceeding 15 percent of the initial mass of the mattress where tested in accordance with the test in Annex A3 of ASTM F1085.
Mattresses shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of Sections 805.3.2.1 and 805.3.2.2.
The requirements of Sections 805.4.1 through 805.4.2.3 shall apply to college and university dormitories classified in Group R-2, including decks, porches and balconies.
Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements of Sections 805.4.1.1 through 805.4.1.3

Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with one of the following:

  1. Mocked-up composites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length not exceeding 11/2 inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 261.
  2. The components of the upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 260.

Newly introduced upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E1537 or California Technical Bulletin 133, as follows:

  1. The peak rate of heat release for the single upholstered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW.

    Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.

  2. The total energy released by the single upholstered furniture item during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

    Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.

Upholstered furniture shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with the requirements of Sections 805.4.1.1 and 805.4.1.2.
Newly introduced mattresses shall meet the requirements of Sections 805.4.2.1 through 805.4.2.3.
Newly introduced mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accordance with DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 and shall have a char length not exceeding 2 inches (51 mm).

Newly introduced mattresses shall have limited rates of heat release when tested in accordance with ASTM E1590 or California Technical Bulletin 129, as follows:

  1. The peak rate of heat release for the single mattress shall not exceed 100 kW.

    Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.

  2. The total energy released by the single mattress during the first 10 minutes of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ.

    Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.

Natural cut trees, where allowed by this section, shall have the trunk bottoms cut off not less than 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) above the original cut and shall be placed in a support device complying with Section 806.1.2.

Natural cut trees shall be prohibited within ambulatory care facilities and Group A, E, I-1, I-2, I-3, I-4, M, R-1, R-2 and R-4 occupancies.

Exceptions:

  1. Trees located in areas protected by an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard shall not be prohibited in Groups A, E, M, R-1 and R-2.
  2. Trees shall be allowed within dwelling units in Group R-2 occupancies.
  3. Trees shall be permitted in places of worship in Group A occupancies.

The support device that holds the tree in an upright position shall be of a type that is stable and that meets all of the following criteria:

  1. The device shall hold the tree securely and be of adequate size to avoid tipping over of the tree.
  2. The device shall be capable of containing a minimum two-day supply of water.
  3. The water level, when full, shall cover the tree stem not less than 2 inches (51 mm). The water level shall be maintained above the fresh cut and checked not less than once daily.

The tree shall be removed from the building whenever the needles or leaves fall off readily when a tree branch is shaken or if the needles are brittle and break when bent between the thumb and index finger. The tree shall be checked daily for dryness.

*

The required width of any portion of a means of egress shall not be obstructed by decorative vegetation. Natural cut trees shall not be located within an exit, corridor, or a lobby or vestibule.
Candles and open flames shall not be used on or near decorative vegetation. Natural cut trees shall be kept a distance from heat vents and any open flame or heat-producing devices not less than the height of the tree.
The use of unlisted electrical wiring and lighting on natural vegetation, including natural cut trees, shall be prohibited.

The following requirements shall apply to all occupancies:

  1. Furnishings or decorative materials of an explosive or highly flammable character shall not be used.
  2. Fire-retardant coatings in existing buildings shall be maintained so as to retain the effectiveness of the treatment under service conditions encountered in actual use.
  3. Furnishings or other objects shall not be placed to obstruct exits, access thereto, egress therefrom or visibility thereof.
  4. The permissible amount of noncombustible decorative materials shall not be limited.

In Groups A, B, E, I, M and R-1 and in dormitories in Group R-2, curtains, draperies, fabric hangings and other similar combustible decorative materials suspended from walls or ceilings shall comply with Section 807.3 and shall not exceed 10 percent of the specific wall or ceiling area to which such materials are attached.

Fixed or movable walls and partitions, paneling, wall pads and crash pads applied structurally or for decoration, acoustical correction, surface insulation or other purposes shall be considered to be interior finish, shall comply with Section 803 and shall not be considered decorative materials or furnishings.

Exceptions:

  1. In auditoriums in Group A, the permissible amount of curtains, draperies, fabric hangings, and similar combustible decorative materials suspended from walls or ceilings shall not exceed 75 percent of the aggregate wall area where the building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard and where the material is installed in accordance with the applicable building code.
  2. In Group R-2 dormitories, within sleeping units and dwelling units, the permissible amount of curtains, draperies, fabric hangings, and similar decorative materials suspended from walls or ceilings shall not exceed 50 percent of the aggregate wall areas where the building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.
  3. In Group B and M occupancies, the amount of combustible fabric partitions suspended from the ceiling and not supported by the floor shall comply with Section 807.3 and shall not be limited.
  4. The 10-percent limit shall not apply to curtains, draperies, fabric hangings and similar combustible decorative materials used as window coverings.
Where required to exhibit improved fire performance, curtains, draperies, fabric hangings and other similar combustible decorative materials suspended from walls or ceilings shall be tested by an approved agency and meet the flame propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701 or exhibit a maximum rate of heat release of 100 kW when tested in accordance with NFPA 289, using the 20 kW ignition source. Reports of test results shall be prepared in accordance with the test method used and furnished to the fire code official upon request.

Artificial decorative vegetation shall comply with this section and the requirements of Sections 806.2 and 806.3. Natural decorative vegetation shall comply with Section 806.

Exception: Testing of artificial vegetation is not required in Group I-1; Group I-2, Condition 1; Group R-2; Group R-3; or Group R-4 occupancies equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard, where such artificial vegetation complies with the following:

  1. Wreaths or other decorative items on doors shall not obstruct the door operation and shall not exceed 50 percent of the surface area of the door.
  2. Decorative artificial vegetation shall be limited to not more than 30 percent of the wall area to which it is attached.
  3. Decorative artificial vegetation not on doors or walls shall not exceed 3 feet (914 mm) in any dimension.

**

Artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701. Meeting such criteria shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner. Alternatively, the artificial decorative vegetation shall be tested in accordance with NFPA 289, using the 20 kW ignition source, and shall have a maximum heat release rate of 100 kW.
The use of unlisted electrical wiring and lighting on artificial decorative vegetation shall be prohibited. The use of electrical wiring and lighting on artificial trees constructed entirely of metal shall be prohibited.
Occupancies shall comply with Sections 807.5.1 through 807.5.6.
In Group A occupancies, the requirements in Sections 807.5.1.1 through 807.5.1.4 shall apply.

Exposed foam plastic materials and unprotected materials containing foam plastic used for decorative purposes or stage scenery or exhibit booths shall have a maximum heat release rate of 100 kW when tested in accordance with UL 1975, or when tested in accordance with NFPA 289 using the 20 kW ignition source.

Exceptions:

  1. Individual foam plastic items or items containing foam plastic where the foam plastic does not exceed 1 pound (0.45 kg) in weight.
  2. Cellular or foam plastic shall be allowed for trim in accordance with Section 804.2.
The screens upon which motion pictures are projected in buildings of Group A shall either meet the flame propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701 or shall comply with the requirements for a Class B interior finish in accordance with the applicable building code.
In places of religious worship, wood used for ornamental purposes, trusses, paneling or chancel furnishing shall not be limited.
Imitation leather or other material consisting of or coated with a pyroxylin or similarly hazardous base shall not be used.
Group E occupancies shall comply with Sections 807.5.2.1 through 807.5.2.3.

Clothing and personal effects shall not be stored in corridors and lobbies.

Exceptions:

  1. Corridors protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.
  2. Corridors protected by an approved fire alarm system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 72 standard.
  3. Storage in metal lockers, provided the minimum required egress width is maintained.
Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on the walls of corridors to not more than 20 percent of the wall area.
Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on walls of classrooms to not more than 50 percent of the specific wall area to which they are attached.
In Group I-1 and I-2 occupancies, combustible decorative materials shall comply with Sections 807.5.3.1 through 807.5.3.4.
In Group I-1 and Group I-2 Condition 1 occupancies, equipped with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard, within sleeping units and dwelling units, combustible decorative materials placed on walls shall be limited to not more than 50 percent of the wall area to which they are attached.
In Group I-1 and Group I-2 Condition 1 occupancies, equipped with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard, combustible decorative materials placed on walls in areas other than within dwelling and sleeping units shall be limited to not more than 30 percent of the wall area to which they are attached.
In Group I-2 Condition 2 occupancies, equipped with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard, combustible decorative materials placed on walls shall be limited to not more than 30 percent of the wall area to which they are attached.
In Groups I-1 and I-2 occupancies, in areas not equipped with an approved automatic sprinkler system, combustible decorative materials shall be of such limited quantities that a hazard of fire development or spread is not present.

In Group I-3, combustible decorative materials are prohibited.

Exception: Cell areas in buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard where a maximum 4 square foot (0.37 m2) area has been demarcated on the wall for personal items 0.025 inch (0.64 mm) or less in thickness applied directly to and adhering to the wall.

Group I-4 occupancies shall comply with the requirements in Sections 807.5.5.1 through 807.5.5.3.

Clothing and personal effects shall not be stored in corridors and lobbies.

Exceptions:

  1. Corridors protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.
  2. Corridors protected by an approved fire alarm system installed in accordance with Section 907.
  3. Storage in metal lockers, provided the minimum required egress width is maintained.
Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on walls of corridors to not more than 20 percent of the wall area.
Artwork and teaching materials shall be limited on walls of classrooms to not more than 50 percent of the specific wall area to which they are attached.
In Group R-2 dormitories, within sleeping units and dwelling units, the combustible decorative materials shall be of limited quantities such that a hazard of fire development or spread is not present.

Wastebaskets, linen containers, and other waste containers, including their lids, located in Groups I-1, I-2, and I-3 occupancies shall be constructed of noncombustible materials or of materials that meet a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2when tested in accordance with ASTM E1354 at an incident heat flux of 50 kW/m2in the horizontal orientation. Metal wastebaskets and other metal waste containers with a capacity of 20 gallons (75.7 L) or more shall be listed in accordance with UL 1315 and shall be provided with a noncombustible lid. Portable containers exceeding 32 gallons (121 L) shall be stored in an area classified as a waste and linen collection room and constructed in accordance with the applicable building code.

Exception: Recycling containers complying with Section 808.1.2 are not required to be stored in waste and linen collection rooms.

The average capacity density of containers located in an individual room or space, other than waste and linen collection rooms, shall not be greater than 0.5 gal/ft2(20.4 L/m2).
Recycling clean waste containers, including their lids, shall not exceed an individual capacity of 96 gallons (363 L).
Waste containers, including their lids, located in Group R-2 college and university dormitories, and with a capacity of 20 gallons (75.7 L) or more, shall be constructed of noncombustible materials or of materials that meet a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2when tested in accordance with ASTM E1354 at an incident heat flux of 50 kW/m2in the horizontal orientation. Metal wastebaskets and other metal waste containers with a capacity of 20 gallons (75.7 L) or more shall be listed in accordance with UL 1315 and shall be provided with a noncombustible lid. Portable containers exceeding 32 gallons (121 L) shall be stored in an area classified as a waste and linen collection room constructed in accordance with the applicable building code.

Foam plastic signs that are not affixed to interior building surfaces shall have a maximum heat release rate of 150 kW when tested in accordance with UL 1975, or when tested in accordance with NFPA 289 using the 20-kW ignition source.

Exception: Where the aggregate area of foam plastic signs is less than 10 percent of the floor area or wall area of the room or space in which the signs are located, whichever is less, subject to the approval of the fire code official.

Where lockers constructed of combustible materials are used, the lockers shall be considered to be interior finish and shall be approved by the building official in accordance with the applicable building code.

Exception: Lockers constructed entirely of wood and noncombustible materials shall be permitted to be used wherever interior finish materials are required to meet Class C classification in accordance with the applicable building code.

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