ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2018 (IFC 2018)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
The provisions of this chapter and NFPA 30B shall apply to the manufacturing, storage and display of aerosol products. Manufacturing of aerosol products using hazardous materials shall also comply with Chapter 50.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 107.2.
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) information for aerosol products displayed shall be kept on the premises at an approved location.
Metal aerosol containers shall be limited to a maximum size of 33.8 fluid ounces (1000 ml). Plastic aerosol containers shall be limited to a maximum 4 fluid ounces (118 ml) except as provided in Section 5104.1.1. Glass aerosol containers shall be limited to a maximum 4 fluid ounces (118 ml).

Aerosol products shall be classified as Level 1, 2 or 3 in accordance with Table 5103.1 and NFPA 30B. Aerosol products in cartons that are not identified in accordance with this section shall be classified as Level 3.

TABLE 5103.1

CLASSIFICATION OF AEROSOL PRODUCTS

CHEMICAL HEAT OF COMBUSTION AEROSOL CLASSIFICATION
Greater than (Btu/lb) Less than or equal to (Btu/lb)
0 8,600 1
8,600 13,000 2
13,000 3

For SI: 1 British thermal unit per pound = 0.002326 kJ/g.

Cartons or outer packaging shall be identified on not fewer than one exterior side with the classification level of the aerosol products contained within the carton.

Cartons or outer packaging containing aerosol products in metal containers or glass and plastic containers 4 fluid ounces. (118 ml) or less shall be clearly marked as follows:

LEVEL ________ AEROSOLS

Cartons or outer packaging containing aerosol cooking spray products in metal containers shall be clearly marked as follows:

AEROSOL COOKING SPRAY

Cartons or outer packaging containing aerosol products in plastic containers greater than 4 fluid ounces (118 ml) shall be clearly marked as follows:

PLASTIC AEROSOL 1 (or X)

The inside storage of Levels 2 and 3 aerosol products shall be maintained in accordance with Sections 5104.2 through 5104.7, the applicable provisions of NFPA 30B, and remain in accordance with the applicable building code.

Aerosol products in plastic containers larger than 4 fluid ounces (118 ml), but not to exceed 33.8 fluid ounces (1000 ml), shall be allowed only where in accordance with this section. The commodity classification shall be Class III commodities, as defined in the applicable NFPA 13 standard where any of the following conditions are met:

  1. Base product has no fire point where tested in accordance with ASTM D92, and nonflammable propellant.
  2. Base product has no sustained combustion as tested in accordance with Appendix H, "Method of Testing for Sustained Combustibility," in US Department of Transportation 49 CFR Part 173, and nonflammable propellant.
  3. Base product contains up to 20 percent by volume (15.8 percent by weight) of ethanol or isopropyl alcohol, or both, in an aqueous mix, and nonflammable propellant.
  4. Base product contains 4.0 percent by weight or less of an emulsified flammable liquefied gas propellant within an aqueous base. The propellant shall remain emulsified for the life of the product. Where such propellant is not permanently emulsified, the propellant shall be nonflammable.
Plastic aerosol X products are those products, in containers larger than 4 fluid ounces (118 ml), that do not meet the criteria provided in Section 5104.1.1.
The storage, use, or handling of plastic aerosol X products shall be prohibited unless otherwise specified by the applicable building code.
Storage quantities of Level 2 and 3 aerosol products in occupancies in Groups A, B, E, F, I, and R shall be limited and maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Storage of quantities exceeding the maximum quantities indicated in Section 5104.2 shall be stored in separate inside flammable liquid storage rooms in accordance with Section 5104.5.
Storage of aerosol cooking spray products in Groups A, B, E, F, and R occupancies shall not be more than 1,000 pounds (454 kg) net weight unless otherwise specified by the applicable building code.
Aerosol storage in general purpose warehouses utilized only for warehousing-type operations involving mixed commodities shall be maintained in accordance with Section 5104.3.1 or 5104.3.2 and remain in accordance with the applicable building code.

Nonsegregated storage areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

TABLE 5104.3.1

NONSEGREGATED STORAGE OF LEVEL 2 AND 3 AEROSOL PRODUCTS IN GENERAL PURPOSE WAREHOUSESb

Deleted

Segregated storage areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

TABLE 5104.3.2

SEGREGATED STORAGE OF LEVEL 2 AND 3 AEROSOL PRODUCTS IN GENERAL PURPOSE WAREHOUSES

Deleted

Chain link fence enclosures shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

The minimum aisle requirements for solid pile or palletized segregated storage in general purpose warehouses shall be maintained in accordance with Table 5104.3.2.2 and remain in accordance with the applicable building code.

TABLE 5104.3.2.2

SEGREGATED STORAGE AISLE WIDTHS AND DISTANCE TO AISLES IN GENERAL PURPOSE WAREHOUSES

STORAGE CONDITION MINIMUM AISLE WIDTH (feet) MAXIMUM DISTANCE FROM STORAGE TO AISLE (feet)
Solid pile or palletizeda 4 feet between piles 25

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

  1. Sprinklers shall comply with NFPA 30B.
Solid pile, palletized, or rack storage of aerosol cooking spray products in a general purpose warehouse shall not be more than 2,500 pounds (1135 kg) net weight, unless protected in accordance with NFPA 30B or otherwise specified by the applicable building code.
The total quantity of Levels 2 and 3 aerosol products in a warehouse utilized for the storage, shipping and receiving of aerosol products shall not be restricted in structures complying with Sections 5104.4.1 through 5104.4.4.
Aerosol warehouses protected by an approved wet-pipe automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 30B and the applicable building code shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 9. The highest classification level of aerosol product present shall not exceed the capability of the approved sprinkler system.
Solid pile and palletized storage shall be arranged so the maximum travel distance to an aisle is 25 feet (7620 mm). Aisles shall have a minimum width of 4 feet (1219 mm).
Rack storage shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 32 and remain in accordance with the applicable building code.

Combustible commodities other than flammable and combustible liquids shall be permitted to be stored in an aerosol warehouse.

Exception: Flammable and combustible liquids in 1-quart (946 mL) metal containers and smaller shall be permitted to be stored in an aerosol warehouse.

Inside flammable liquid storage rooms shall be maintained in accordance with Section 5704.3.7 unless otherwise approved by the applicable building code. The maximum quantities of aerosol products shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable code.
The storage of Level 2 and 3 aerosol products in liquid warehouses shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 30B. Unless otherwise approved by the applicable building code, the storage shall be maintained within segregated storage areas in accordance with Section 5104.3.2 and Sections 5104.6.1 through 5104.6.3.
Spill control or drainage shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Sprinkler protection shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 9.
Fire doors or gates opening into the segregated storage area shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7 and remain in accordance with the applicable building code.

Storage of Level 2 and 3 aerosol products in occupancies in Group M shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Retail display shall be maintained in accordance with Section 5106.

TABLE 5104.7

MAXIMUM QUANTITIES OF LEVEL 2 AND 3 AEROSOL PRODUCTS AND AEROSOL COOKING SPRAY PRODUCTS IN RETAIL STORAGE AREAS

Deleted

Aerosol cooking spray products shall be permitted to be stored in a general purpose warehouse in accordance with the applicable building code.

The outside storage of Level 2 and 3 aerosol products, including storage in temporary storage trailers, shall be separated from exposures in accordance with Table 5105.1.

TABLE 5105.1

DISTANCE TO EXPOSURES FOR OUTSIDE STORAGE OF LEVEL 2 AND 3 AEROSOL PRODUCTS

EXPOSURE MINIMUM DISTANCE FROM AEROSOL STORAGE (feet)a
Buildings 50
Exit discharge to a public way 50
Lot lines 20
Other outside storage 50
Public alleys, public ways, public streets 20

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

  1. The minimum separation distance indicated is not required where exterior walls having a 2-hour fire-resistance rating without penetrations separate the storage from the exposure. The walls shall extend not less than 30 inches above and to the sides of Level 2 and 3 aerosol products.
This section shall apply to the retail display of 500 pounds (227 kg) or more of Level 2 and 3 aerosol products.
Aerosol display and normal merchandising not exceeding 8 feet (2438 mm) in height shall be in accordance with Sections 5106.2.1 through 5106.2.5.

Aerosol products in retail display areas shall not exceed quantities needed for display and normal merchandising and shall not exceed the quantities in the applicable building code.

TABLE 5106.2.1

MAXIMUM QUANTITIES OF LEVEL 2 AND 3 AEROSOL PRODUCTS AND AEROSOL COOKING SPRAY PRODUCTS IN RETAIL DISPLAY AREAS

Deleted

Level 2 and 3 aerosol containers shall not be stacked more than 6 feet (1829 mm) high from the base of the aerosol array to the top of the aerosol array unless the containers are placed on fixed shelving or otherwise secured in an approved manner. When storage or retail display is on shelves, the height of such storage or retail display to the top of aerosol containers shall not exceed 8 feet (2438 mm).

Aerosol products located in retail display areas shall be removed from combustible cartons.

Exceptions:

  1. Display areas that use a portion of combustible cartons that consist of only the bottom panel and not more than 2 inches (51 mm) of the side panel are allowed.
  2. Where the display area is protected in accordance with Tables 6.4.2.7(a) through 6.4.2.7(1) of NFPA 30B, storage of aerosol products in combustible cartons is allowed.
When an automatic sprinkler system is required for the protected retail display of aerosol products, the wet-pipe automatic sprinkler system shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 9.
Where an automatic sprinkler system is required for the protected retail display of aerosol products, the wet-pipe automatic sprinkler system shall be in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard.
Aerosol display and merchandising exceeding 8 feet (2438 mm) in height shall be maintained in accordance with Sections 5106.3.1 through 5106.3.3.
Aerosol products in retail display areas shall not exceed quantities needed for display and normal merchandising and shall not exceed the quantities in the applicable building code.
Where provided, automatic sprinkler protection for aerosol display and merchandising areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Separation of aerosol areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

Aerosol products in storage areas adjacent to retail display areas shall not exceed the quantities approved under the applicable building code.

TABLE 5106.4

MAXIMUM STORAGE QUANTITIES FOR STORAGE AREAS ADJACENT TO RETAIL DISPLAY OF LEVEL 2 AND 3 AEROSOL PRODUCTS

Deleted

The display and merchandising of Level 2 and 3 aerosols adjacent to flammable and combustible liquids in double-row racks shall be maintained in accordance with Sections 5106.5.1 through 5106.5.8 or Section 5106.3.3.
Fire protection for the display and merchandising of Level 2 and 3 aerosols in double-row racks shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 9, and the applicable provisions of NFPA 30B.
Level 2 and 3 aerosols displayed or merchandised more than 8 feet (2438 mm) above the finished floor shall be in cartons.
Shelving in racks shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Aisles shall be maintained between rows of racks and adjacent solidly piled or palletized merchandise in accordance with the applicable building code.
Flue spaces in racks shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Horizontal barriers shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Class I, II, III, IV and plastic commodities located adjacent to Level 2 and 3 aerosols shall maintain protection from an approved NFPA 13 sprinkler system where required, in accordance with the applicable building code.
Class I, II, III A and III B Liquids shall be allowed to be maintained adjacent to Level 2 and 3 aerosol products in accordance with the applicable building code.
Manufacturing facilities shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable provisions of NFPA 30B and remain in accordance with the applicable building code.
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