ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2018 (IFC 2018)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
Higher education laboratories and laboratory suites complying with the requirements of this chapter and the applicable building code shall be permitted to exceed the maximum allowable quantities of hazardous materials in control areas without requiring classification as a Group H occupancy.
The provisions of this chapter shall be applied as exceptions or additions to applicable requirements of this code. Unless specifically modified by this chapter, the storage, use and handling of hazardous materials shall comply with the provisions in Chapters 50 through 67 and the applicable building code for quantities not exceeding the maximum allowable quantity.
Higher education laboratories and laboratory suites shall be in accordance with the general safety provisions in Sections 3803.1.1 through 3803.2.2.
Operating and emergency procedures planning and documentation shall be provided in accordance with Sections 5001.3.3.11 through 5001.3.3.17. Such documentation shall be prepared by laboratory safety personnel or special experts, and shall be made available in the workplace for reference and review by employees. Copies of such documentation shall be made available to the fire code official for review upon request.
Receiving, transporting on site, unpacking and dispensing of hazardous materials shall be carried out by persons trained in proper handling of such materials and shall be performed in accordance with Chapters 50 through 67, as applicable.
Warning signs shall be provided in accordance with Section 5003.5.
Maintenance of equipment, machinery and processes used with hazardous materials shall comply with Section 5003.2.6.
Containers of materials that have the potential to become hazardous during prolonged storage shall be dated when first opened, and shall be managed in accordance with NFPA 45, Section 8.2.4.4.1.
Storage, dispensing, use and handling of hazardous waste shall comply with this chapter and Chapters 50 through 67, as applicable.
Hazardous materials storage, handling and use in laboratories and laboratory suites complying with Chapter 38 shall be in accordance with this chapter and Chapters 50 through 67.

The maximum container size for all hazardous materials shall be 5.3 gallons (20 L) for liquids, 50 pounds (22.7 kg) for solids, 100 cubic feet (2.83 m3) for health-hazard gases per the applicable building code and 500 cubic feet (14.15 m3) for all other gases in accordance with the applicable building code.

Exception: Hazardous waste collection containers, for other than Class I flammable liquids and Class II combustible liquids, are permitted to exceed 5.3 gallons (20 L) where approved.

Quantities of Class I flammable liquids in storage and use shall not exceed 8 gallons (30 L) per 100 square feet (9.29 m2) of floor area. Densities shall be reduced by 25 percent on the 4th through 6th floors of the building, and by 50 percent above the 6th floor. Regardless of the density, the maximum allowable quantity per control area or laboratory suite in accordance with this chapter, shall not be exceeded.

Exception: Designated hazardous waste collection areas or rooms within a laboratory suite or control area are not limited, but such materials shall not exceed the maximum allowable quantity per laboratory suite or control area.

Where laboratory suites are provided, they shall be constructed in accordance with the applicable building code and approved by the Building Official.

The number of laboratory suites and percentage of maximum allowable quantities of hazardous materials in laboratory suites shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.

TABLE 3804.1.1 DESIGN AND NUMBER OF LABORATORY SUITES PER FLOOR Deleted

Laboratory suites shall maintain separation from other portions of the building in accordance with Chapter 7 and the applicable building code.
Laboratory suites shall be separated from other laboratory suites in accordance with Chapter 7 and the applicable building code.
The maximum number of laboratory suites shall be in accordance with the applicable building code. Where a building contains both laboratory suites and control areas, the total number of laboratory suites and control areas within a building shall not exceed the maximum number of laboratory suites in accordance with the applicable building code.
Emergency or standby power for higher education laboratory suites shall be maintained in accordance with Section 1203.2.13.
Ventilation shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7 of NFPA 45 and the applicable building code.
Portions of laboratory suites where hazardous materials are present shall be maintained with a liquid-tight floor in accordance with the applicable building code.
The percentage of maximum allowable quantities of hazardous materials in each laboratory suite shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.
Storage and use of hazardous materials in existing higher education laboratories located within existing buildings not equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system is permitted where such use complies with the applicable building code, Section 3803, Chapters 50 through 67, as applicable, and Sections 3805.2 through 3805.4.
The maximum allowable quantities of hazardous materials in storage and use in control areas in higher education laboratories located in buildings not equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard shall be in accordance with the applicable building code and Sections 3805.2.1 and 3805.2.2.

Where approved in accordance with the applicable building code, storage of the following hazardous materials in buildings not equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system to the applicable NFPA 13 standard are allowed within a higher education laboratory control area where maintained in accordance with this section:

  1. Pyrophorics.
  2. Class 4 Oxidizers.

Additional quantity increases shall be prohibited, and such materials shall be stored in accordance with all of the following:

  1. Containers shall be completely sealed and stored in accordance with the manufacturers' recommendations.
  2. Storage shall be within approved hazardous material storage cabinets in accordance with Section 5003.8.7, or shall be located in an inert atmosphere glove box in accordance with NFPA 45, Section 7.11.
  3. The storage cabinet or glove box shall not contain any storage of incompatible materials.

Where approved by the applicable building code, the use of the following hazardous materials in buildings not equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard shall be allowed within a higher education laboratory control area where maintained in accordance with this section:

  1. Pyrophorics.
  2. Class 4 Oxidizers.

Additional quantity increases shall be prohibited, and such materials shall only be used in accordance with all of the following:

  1. Use shall be within an approved chemical fume hood listed in accordance with UL 1805, or in an inert atmosphere glove box in accordance with NFPA 45, Section 7.11, or other approved equipment designed for the specific hazard of the material.
  2. Combustible materials shall be kept not less than 2 feet (610 mm) away from the work area, except for those items directly related to the research.
  3. A portable fire extinguisher appropriate for the specific material shall be provided within 20 feet (6096 mm) of the use in accordance with Section 906.
Where provided in higher education laboratories in nonsprinklered buildings, an automatic fire detection system shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 9.
Where required or provided, automatic fire detection systems shall be electronically supervised and monitored by an approved supervising station or, where approved, shall initiate an audible and visual signal at a constantly attended, on-site location.

The percentage of maximum allowable quantities per control area of hazardous materials in higher education laboratories in existing nonsprinklered buildings shall be permitted to be increased only in accordance with the applicable building code and approval from the Building Official.

TABLE 3805.4 DESIGN AND NUMBER OF CONTROL AREAS IN EXISTING NONSPRINKLERED LABORATORIES Deleted

Storage and use of hazardous materials in existing higher education laboratories within buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable NFPA 13 standard, shall be in accordance with Section 3803 and with Chapters 50 through 67, as applicable, except as modified by this section.

Storage and use of hazardous materials within control areas in higher education laboratories equipped with an automatic sprinkler system shall be in accordance with this section and Chapters 50 through 67, as applicable.

Exception: Existing laboratories in buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system, constructed and approved as laboratory suites in accordance with the applicable building code, are permitted to comply with Section 3804.

The percentage of maximum allowable quantities per control area of hazardous materials in higher education laboratories equipped with an automatic sprinkler system shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.

TABLE 3806.2.1 DESIGN AND NUMBER OF CONTROL AREAS IN EXISTING SPRINKLERED LABORATORIES Deleted

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