ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2018 (IFC 2018)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

1001.1 General

ILLUSTRATION
Means of egress systems for buildings or portions thereof shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code and Section 1031.
It shall be unlawful to alter a building or structure in a manner that will reduce the number of exits or the capacity of the means of egress to less than required by this code.
Overcrowding, admittance of any person beyond the approved occupant load established by the USBC or other building code under which the building was constructed, or obstructing aisles, passageways, or any part of the means of egress shall not be allowed. The fire code official, upon finding any condition that constitutes a life safety hazard, shall be authorized to cause the event to be stopped until such condition or obstruction is corrected.
Where the fire code official determines that overcrowding may exist, the fire code official shall be permitted to utilize the egress component sizing requirements and occupant load allowances of the VCC to determine a temporary occupant load. Where such determination is made, the fire code official shall be permitted to require an approved temporary sign posting of the maximum allowable occupant load and such sign shall be maintained until the building official approves the allowable occupant load, at which time a permanent sign shall be posted, where applicable, or the temporary sign may be removed.

No person shall utilize any approved emergency supplemental hardware to prevent the ingress or egress from any occupied space.

Exceptions:

  1. Utilized by authorized persons or other persons occupying such space in the event of any actual or perceived hostile threat or active shooter event.
  2. Utilized in conjunction with any approved lockdown drill requiring the utilization of the approved emergency supplemental hardware.
  3. Utilization for the testing, use, and training by emergency response personnel.

Where such device is utilized in accordance with Exceptions 1, 2, and 3, the hardware device shall be removed immediately following the conditions of such exceptions.

The general requirements specified in Sections 1003 through 1015 shall apply to the maintenance of the building.
The means of egress ceiling height shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Protruding objects on circulation paths shall comply with the requirements of Sections 1003.3.1 and 1003.3.4.
Minimum headroom shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Clearances for a freestanding object mounted on a post or pylon shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Limitations of projection of objects into a means of egress in accordance with the applicable building code shall be maintained and not reduce the means of egress.

1003.3.4 Clear Width

ILLUSTRATION
Protruding objects shall not reduce the minimum clear width of accessible routes.
Walking surfaces shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Slip and trip hazards in the means of egress shall be abated.
Where changes in elevation in the means of egress exist, they shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable code.
Means of egress continuity shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Obstructions, except those permitted by the applicable building code, shall not reduce the minimum width or required capacity of means of egress components.
Elevators, escalators and moving walks that are an approved component of a required means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The design occupant load shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where a building contains two or more occupancies, the means of egress requirements shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(Section deleted.)

[BE] TABLE 1004.5
MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA ALLOWANCES PER OCCUPANT Deleted

The means of egress for outdoor areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Every room or space that is an assembly occupancy and where the occupant load of that room or space is 50 or more shall have the occupant load of the room or space posted in a conspicuous place near the main exit or exit access doorway from the room or space. Posted signs shall be of an approved legible permanent design and shall be maintained by the owner or the owner's authorized agent.
All portions of the means of egress system shall be sized in accordance with the applicable building code.
The minimum width of any means of egress components shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The required capacity of the means of egress for any room, area, space or story shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The capacity, in inches, of means of egress stairways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The minimum width or required capacity of the means of egress required from any story of a building shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where the means of egress from stories above and below converge at an intermediate level, the capacity of the means of egress from the point of convergence shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable code.
Encroachments into the required means of egress width shall be in accordance with the provisions of the applicable building code.
Doors shall be maintained such that when fully opened, shall not reduce the required width by more than what is permitted by the applicable building code. Door swing in any position shall not reduce the required width by more than one-half unless allowed by the applicable building code.
Other projections shall be maintained and shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.
The number of exits or exit access doorways required within the means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Egress from spaces shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

The minimum number of exits or exit access doorways required by the applicable building code from any space shall be maintained.

[BE] TABLE 1006.2.1
SPACES WITH ONE EXIT OR EXIT ACCESS DOORWAY Deleted

Where three or more exits or exit access doorways are required by the applicable building code, the number required shall be maintained.
The minimum number of exits or access to exits required by the aplicable building code shall be maintained. Approved egress for boiler, incinerator and furnace rooms, refrigeration machinery rooms, refrigerated rooms or spaces, I-4 day care, vehicular ramps, and R-3 or R-4 occupancies or spaces shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The means of egress system serving any story or occupied roof shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
A path of travel, approved in accordance with the applicable building code, that passes through an adjacent story shall be maintained.

Each story and roof of a building shall maintain the minimum number of separate and distinct exits required by the applicable building code.

[BE] TABLE 1006.3.2
MINIMUM NUMBER OF EXITS OR ACCESS TO EXITS PER STORY Deleted

1006.3.3 Single Exits

ILLUSTRATION
A single exit or access to a single exit from any story or occupied roof approved in accordance with the applicable building code shall be maintained.

(Section deleted.)

[BE] TABLE 1006.3.3(1)
STORIES WITH ONE EXIT OR ACCESS TO ONE EXIT FOR R-2 OCCUPANCIES Deleted

[BE] TABLE 1006.3.3(2)
STORIES WITH ONE EXIT OR ACCESS TO ONE EXIT FOR OTHER OCCUPANCIES Deleted

Exits, exit access doorways, and exit access stairways and ramps serving spaces including individual building stories shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable code.
Illumination provided in the means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable code.
Illumination provided for the means of egress serving a room or space shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The means of egress illumination level required by the applicable building code shall be maintained.
Illumination required by the applicable building code along the path of travel for the exit discharge from each exit to the public way shall be maintained.
The power supply for means of egress illumination shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Emergency lighting facilities required and approved by the applicable building code shall be maintained.
Continuity and components provided for accessible means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Stairways part of an accessible means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Elevators considered part of the means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Platform lifts serving as a part of an accessible means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Areas of refuge shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Exterior areas for assisted rescue shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where provided, two-way communication systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Directions for the use of the two-way communication system, instructions for summoning assistance via the two-way communication system and written identification of the location shall be posted adjacent to the two-way communication system. Signage shall comply with the ICC A117.1 requirements for visual characters.

[BE] 1009.9 Signage

ILLUSTRATION

Signage indicating special accessibility provisions shall be provided as shown:

  1. Each door providing access to an area of refuge from an adjacent floor area shall be identified by a sign stating: AREA OF REFUGE.
  2. Each door providing access to an exterior area for assisted rescue shall be identified by a sign stating: EXTERIOR AREA FOR ASSISTED RESCUE.

Signage shall comply with the ICC A117.1 requirements for visual characters and include the International Symbol of Accessibility. Where exit sign illumination is required by Section 1013.3, the signs shall be illuminated. Additionally, visual characters, raised character and braille signage complying with ICC A117.1 shall be located at each door to an area of refuge and exterior area for assisted rescue in accordance with Section 1013.4.

Directional signage indicating the location of all other means of egress and which of those are accessible means of egress shall be provided at the following:

  1. At exits serving a required accessible space but not providing an approved accessible means of egress.
  2. At elevator landings.
  3. Within areas of refuge.

In areas of refuge and exterior areas for assisted rescue, instructions on the use of the area under emergency conditions shall be posted. Signage shall comply with the ICC A117.1 requirements for visual characters. The instructions shall include all of the following:

  1. Persons able to use the exit stairway do so as soon as possible, unless they are assisting others.
  2. Information on planned availability of assistance in the use of stairs or supervised operation of elevators and how to summon such assistance.
  3. Directions for use of the two-way communication system where provided.

1010.1 Doors

ILLUSTRATION
Doors serving a means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Means of egress doors shall be readily distinguishable from the adjacent construction and finishes such that the doors are easily recognizable as doors. Mirrors or similar reflecting materials shall not be used on means of egress doors. Means of egress doors shall not be concealed by curtains, drapes, decorations or similar materials.

(Section deleted.)

[BE] TABLE 1010.1.4.1(1)
MAXIMUM DOOR SPEED MANUAL REVOLVING DOORS Deleted

(Section deleted.)

[BE] TABLE 1010.1.4.1(2)
MAXIMUM DOOR SPEED AUTOMATIC OR POWER-OPERATED REVOLVING DOORS Deleted

In Group E and Group B educational occupancies, egress doors from classrooms, offices and other occupied rooms shall be permitted to be provided with locking arrangements designed to keep intruders from entering the room, where all of the following conditions are met:

  1. The door shall be capable of being unlocked from outside the room with a key or other approved means.
  2. The door shall be openable from within the room in accordance with Section 1010.1.9.
  3. Modifications shall not be made to listed panic hardware, fire door hardware or door closers.
Remote operation of locks complying with Section 1010.1.4.4. shall be permitted.
In Groups B, F, M and S, horizontal sliding or vertical security grilles are permitted at the main exit and shall be openable from the inside without the use of a key or special knowledge or effort during periods that the space is occupied. The grilles shall remain secured in the full-open position during the period of occupancy by the general public. Where two or more means of egress are required, not more than one-half of the exits or exit access doorways shall be equipped with horizontal sliding or vertical security grilles.
Floors or landings at doorways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Minimum space between doors in a series of doors shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable code.
Locks and latches approved in accordance with the applicable building code shall be maintained. Except as specifically permitted by the applicable building code, egress doors shall be readily openable from the egress side without the use of a key or special knowledge or effort.
Door handles, pulls, latches, locks and other operating devices on doors required by the applicable building code to be accessible shall be maintained. Additions or alterations of hardware shall be approved by the building official in accordance with Section 102.6.
Electrical systems that monitor or record egress activity and impact the door operations shall be approved in accordance with the applicable building code and shall be maintained in accordance with this section.
Where required, a readily visible durable sign is posted on the egress side on or adjacent to the door stating: "THIS DOOR TO REMAIN UNLOCKED WHEN THIS SPACE IS OCCUPIED." The sign shall be in letters 1 inch (25 mm) high on a contrasting background. Emergency supplemental hardware provided in accordance with the applicable building code shall be provided with a readily visible durable sign posted on the egress side on or adjacent to the door stating: "THIS HARDWARE SHALL BE USED BY AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL ONLY." The sign shall be in letters 1 inch (25 mm) high on a contrasting background.
Manually operated flush bolts or surface bolts approved in accordance with the applicable building code shall be maintained.
Where the applicable building code requires that the unlatching of any door or leaf require no more than one operation, one operation shall be maintained.
Where closet doors that latch in the closed position are required by the applicable building code to be openable from the inside, they shall be maintained.
Electric locking systems, including electromechanical locking systems and electromagnetic locking systems shall be operated and maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Delayed egress locking systems shall be operated and maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The electric locks on sensor-released doors located in a means of egress shall be operated and maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Door hardware release of electric locking systems installed on doors in the means of egress shall be operated and maintained in accordance with the applicable code.
In buildings within correctional and detention facilities, doors in means of egress serving rooms or spaces occupied by persons whose movements are controlled for security reasons shall be operated and maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Interior stairway means of egress doors required by the applicable building code to be openable from both sides shall be maintained.
Where the applicable building code requires panic or fire exit hardware on doors, it shall be maintained.
Gates serving the means of egress system shall be operated and maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Turnstiles or similar devices shall be operated and maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Security access turnstiles that inhibit travel in the direction of egress shall only be maintained and only operated in accordance with the applicable building code.

Section 1011 Stairways

ILLUSTRATION
Stairways serving any portion of a building shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The capacity of stairways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Headroom requirements for stairways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The walkline across winder treads shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Stair treads and risers shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Stair tread and riser dimensions shall comply with the applicable building code and shall be maintained.
The floor or landing at the top and bottom of each stairway shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Stairways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Construction or alterations shall be approved by the building official in accordance with Section 102.6.
The usable spaces under enclosed and unenclosed stairways shall only be used for combustible storage where approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
The usable spaces under exterior stairways shall only be used for combustible storage where approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Vertical rise of a flight of stairs shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Curved stairways with winder treads shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Spiral stairways used as a component in the means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Handrails for stairways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Stairways to a roof shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Access to roofs and penthouses for maintenance of elevator equipment shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where a stairway provides access to a roof through a penthouse, such access shall be maintained as approved and in accordance with the applicable building code.
Guards shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Ship's ladders shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Permanent ladders shall be maintained as approved and in accordance with the applicable building code.
The provisions of this section shall apply to the maintenance of ramps used as a component of a means of egress.
Ramp slopes shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The cross slope for ramps shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The rise for any ramp run shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The minimum dimensions of means of egress ramps shall be maintained as approved and in accordance with the applicable building code.
Landings serving ramps shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Ramps shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code. Construction or alterations shall be approved by the building official in accordance with Section 102.6.
Handrails serving ramps shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Guards shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Edge protection shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Exits and exit access doors shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Floor-level exit signs in Group R-1 buildings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Exit sign illumination shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Raised character and braille exit signs shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Electrically powered, self-luminous, and photoluminescent exit signs shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Externally illuminated exit signs shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

Section 1014 Handrails

ILLUSTRATION
Handrails serving stairways, ramps, stepped aisles, and ramped aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Handrail height shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Handrail graspability shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Handrail continuity shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Clear space between a handrail and a wall or other surface shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Projections into the required width of aisles, stairways, and ramps at each side shall be maintained as approved and in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where provided, intermediate handrails shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Guards shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Guard height shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Openings in guards shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Guards provided for screen porches shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Guards provided for mechanical equipment shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Guards provided for roof access shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Windows shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Window opening control devices shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
The exit access shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Egress through intervening spaces shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where more than one tenant occupies any one floor of a building or structure, each tenant space, dwelling unit and sleeping unit means of egress shall maintain access to the required exits without passing through adjacent tenant spaces, dwelling units and sleeping units unless otherwise permitted by the applicable building code.
Travel distance within the exit access portion of the means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(Section deleted.)

[BE] TABLE 1017.2
EXIT ACCESS TRAVEL DISTANCE Deleted

Section 1018 Aisles

ILLUSTRATION
Aisles and aisle accessways serving as a portion of the exit access in the means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Aisles and aisle accessways serving a room or space used for assembly purposes shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
In Groups B and M occupancies, the aisle width shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Aisle accessways in Group M shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Aisles in other than assembly spaces and Groups B and M shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Exit access stairways and ramps serving as an exit access component in a means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

Section 1020 Corridors

ILLUSTRATION

Corridors shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code. Fire-resistance rated construction shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7.

[BE] TABLE 1020.1
CORRIDOR FIRE-RESISTANCE RATING Deleted

Elevator hoistway openings shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.

The width and capacity of corridors shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

[BE] TABLE 1020.2
MINIMUM CORRIDOR WIDTH Deleted

The minimum width or required capacity of corridors shall be unobstructed.

Exception: Encroachments complying with Section 1005.7.

Where more than one exit or exit access doorway is required by the applicable building code, the exit access, including any dead end conditions, shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
When the space between the corridor ceiling and the floor or roof structure above is used as a return air plenum, the space and any contents shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
The continuity of fire-resistance-rated corridors shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Balconies used for egress purposes shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Wall separation for egress balconies shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The required openness of egress balconies shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
The fire separation distance for exterior egress balconies shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

Section 1022 Exits

ILLUSTRATION
An exit shall not be used for any purpose that interferes with its function as a means of egress. Once a given level of exit protection is achieved, such level of protection shall not be reduced until arrival at the exit discharge. Exits shall be continuous from the point of entry into the exit to the exit discharge. Exits shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Exterior exit doors shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Interior exit stairways and ramps serving as an exit component in a means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Enclosures for interior exit stairways and ramps shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code. Fire-resistance rated construction shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7.
Interior exit stairways and ramps shall terminate as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where interior exit stairways and ramps connect to an exit discharge or a public way by an exit passageway, the interior exit stairway and ramp shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code. Fire-resistance rated construction shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7.
Penetrations into or through interior exit stairways shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code. Fire-resistance rated construction shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7.
Equipment and ductwork for interior exit stairway and ramp ventilation shall be maintained as approved and remain operational in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where the applicable building code requires a barrier to prevent persons from unintentionally continuing into levels below the level of exit discharge for an interior exit stairway or ramp, the barrier shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code. Directional exit signs shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
A sign shall be provided at each floor landing in an interior exit stairway and ramp connecting more than three stories designating the floor level, the terminus of the top and bottom of the interior exit stairway and ramp and the identification of the stairway or ramp. The signage shall state the story of, and the direction to, the exit discharge and the availability of roof access from the interior exit stairway and ramp for the fire department. The sign shall be located 5 feet (1524 mm) above the floor landing in a position that is readily visible when the doors are in the open and closed positions. In addition to the stairway identification sign, a floor-level sign in visual characters, raised characters and braille complying with ICC A117.1 shall be located at each floor-level landing adjacent to the door leading from the interior exit stairway and ramp into the corridor to identify the floor level.

Stairway identification signs shall comply with all of the following requirements:

  1. The signs shall be a minimum size of 18 inches (457 mm) by 12 inches (305 mm).
  2. The letters designating the identification of the interior exit stairway and ramp shall be not less than 11/2 inches (38 mm) in height.
  3. The number designating the floor level shall be not less than of 5 inches (127 mm) in height and located in the center of the sign.
  4. Other lettering and numbers shall be not less than 1 inch (25 mm) in height.
  5. Characters and their background shall have a nonglare finish. Characters shall contrast with their background with either light characters on a dark background or dark characters on a light background.
At landings in interior exit stairways where two or more doors lead to the floor level, any door with direct access to an enclosed elevator lobby shall be identified by signage located on the door or directly adjacent to the door stating "Elevator Lobby." Signage shall be in accordance with Section 1023.9.1, Items 4 and 5.
Smokeproof enclosures shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Access to the stairway or ramp within a smokeproof enclosure shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Standpipe and standpipe hose connections in smokeproof enclosures shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 9.
Exit passageways serving as an exit component in a means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The minimum width or required capacity of exit passageways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Exit passageway enclosures shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code. Fire-resistance-rated construction shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7.
The termination of exit passageways shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Exit passageway opening protectives shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Penetration protection shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Equipment and ductwork for exit passageway ventilation shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Luminous egress path markings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Egress path markings provided in interior exit stairways, interior exit ramps, and exit passageways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where the applicable building code requires luminous egress path markings of obstacles projecting into the egress path, the markings shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Luminous egress path markings of doors through which occupants must pass in order to complete the exit path shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Self-luminous and photoluminescent egress path markings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Photoluminescent exit path markings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Horizontal exits serving as an exit in a means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The separation between buildings or refuge areas connected by a horizontal exit shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Fire doors in horizontal exits shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where provided, the refuge area of a horizontal exit shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Exterior exit stairways and ramps serving as an element of a required means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Exterior exit stairways and ramps approved as an element of a required means of egress in accordance with the applicable building code shall be maintained.
Required open side area for exterior exit stairways and ramps serving as an element of a required means of egress shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
The open areas adjoining exterior exit stairways or ramps required by the applicable building code to be yards, courts or public ways shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
The minimum fire separation distance from the exterior edge of the stairway or ramps, including landings, for exterior exit stairways and ramps shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Separation or fire-resistance-rated protection of exterior exit stairways and ramps from the interior of the building shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
The exit discharge shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The minimum width or required capacity of the exit discharge shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Exit discharge components shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Egress courts serving as a portion of the exit discharge in the means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The required capacity of egress courts shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Separation or fire-resistance-rated construction required by the applicable building code for an egress court serving a building or portion thereof shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.

Where provided, access to a public way shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

Exception: Where access to a public way cannot be provided, a safe dispersal area shall be provided where all of the following are met:

  1. The area shall be of a size to accommodate not less than 5 square feet (0.46 m2) for each person.
  2. The area shall be located on the same lot not less than 50 feet (15,240 mm) away from the building requiring egress.
  3. The area shall be permanently maintained and identified as a safe dispersal area.
  4. The area shall be provided with a safe and unobstructed path of travel from the building.

Section 1029 Assembly

ILLUSTRATION
The means of egress serving a room or space used for assembly purposes that contains seats, tables, displays, equipment or other material shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Fire-resistance-rated construction for spaces under grandstands and bleachers shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7.
The assembly main exit shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Other assembly exits shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
In Group A-1 occupancies, where persons are admitted to the building at times when seats are not available, such persons shall be allowed to wait in a lobby or similar space, provided such lobby or similar space shall not encroach upon the minimum width or required capacity of the means of egress. Such foyer, if not directly connected to a public street by all the main entrances or exits, shall be maintained with a straight and unobstructed path of travel to every such main entrance or exit in accordance with the applicable building code.
Interior balcony and gallery means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The required capacity of aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(Section deleted.)

[BE] TABLE 1029.6.2
CAPACITY FOR AISLES FOR SMOKE-PROTECTED ASSEMBLEY Deleted

The exit access travel distance shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Paths through adjacent rows shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Aisles leading to exits for every occupied portion of any building, room or space used for assembly purposes that contains seats, tables, displays, similar fixtures or equipment shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
The minimum clear width for aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Aisle capacity and catchment areas shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where aisles converge to form a single path of egress travel, the required capacity of that path shall be maintained to not less than that approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where required by the applicable building code for aisles where egress is possible in either of two directions, uniform width and required capacity shall be maintained.
Dead-end aisles shall be maintained as approved by the applicable building code. Each end of an aisle shall remain unobstructed to a cross aisle, foyer, doorway, vomitory, concourse or stairway having access to an exit where required by the applicable building code.
The clear width for aisles shall be measured in accordance with the applicable building code.
Transitions between stairways and stepped aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Distinctive marking stripes at each nosing or leading edge adjacent to the transition shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
The surface of aisles, stepped aisles and ramped aisles required by the applicable building code to be of slip-resistant materials that are securely attached shall be maintained.
Outdoor aisles, stepped aisles and ramped aisles and outdoor approaches to aisles, stepped aisles and ramped aisles required by the applicable building code to be designed to prevent the accumulation of water shall be maintained as approved so that water will not accumulate on the walking surface. Outdoor aisles, stepped aisles and ramped aisles and outdoor approaches to aisles, stepped aisles and ramped aisles not regulated by the USBC shall be maintained so that water will not accumulate on the walking surface.
Aisle accessways for seating at tables and seating in rows shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.

(Section deleted.)

[BE] TABLE 1029.13.2.1
SMOKE-PROTECTED OR OPEN-AIR ASSEMBLY AISLE ACCESSWAYS Deleted

Ramped and stepped aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where the applicable building code requires seats to be securely fastened to the floor or in groups, in a building, room or space used for assembly purposes, seats shall be arranged and maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Handrails serving ramped aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Guards required by the applicable building code adjacent to seating in a building, room, or space used for assembly purposes shall be maintained as approved in accordance with the applicable building code.
Perimeter guards shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Emergency escape and rescue openings of a building, including those in Groups R-2, R-3, R-4 and R-5 occupancies, shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Emergency escape and rescue openings shall be maintained to provide the minimum net clear opening area, height and width in accordance with the applicable building code when normally operated.
Emergency escape and rescue opening height from the floor, as measured in accordance with the applicable building code, shall be maintained.
An emergency escape and rescue opening and associated window well shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Emergency escape and rescue openings shall remain able to be fully opened. Ladders or steps shall not be obstructed by the emergency escape and rescue opening or other objects.
Bars, grilles, covers, screens or similar devices are permitted to be placed over emergency escape and rescue openings, bulkhead enclosures, or window wells that serve such openings, provided that the minimum net clear opening size complies with the applicable building code and such devices shall be releasable or removable from the inside without the use of a key, tool or force greater than that which is required for normal operation of the emergency escape and rescue opening.
The means of egress for buildings or portions thereof shall be maintained in accordance with this section.
Unless otherwise permitted by the applicable building code, required exit accesses, exits, and exit discharges shall be continuously maintained free from obstructions or impediments to full instant use in the case of fire or other emergency where the building area served by the means of egress is occupied. An exit or exit passageway shall not be used for any purpose that interferes with a means of egress.
Security devices and locking arrangements in the means of egress that restrict, control, or delay egress shall be maintained as required by this chapter.

In Group E occupancies, except Group E day care facilities, and Group B educational occupancies, exit access doors from classrooms, offices, and other occupied rooms, except for exit doors and doors across corridors, shall be permitted to be provided with emergency supplemental hardware where all of the following conditions are met:

  1. The door shall be capable of being opened from outside the room with a key, proprietary device provided by the manufacturer, or other approved means.
  2. The door shall be openable from within the room in accordance with Section 1010.1.9, except emergency supplemental hardware is not required to comply with Chapter 11 of the VCC.

    Note: School officials should consult with their legal counsel regarding provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 USC § 12101 et seq.) and any other applicable requirements.

  3. Installation of emergency supplemental hardware on fire door assemblies must comply with Section 716.2 of the VCC. Modifications shall not be made to listed panic hardware, fire door hardware, or door closures.
  4. The emergency supplemental hardware shall not be capable of being used on other doors not intended to be used and shall have at least one component that requires modification to, or is permanently affixed to, the surrounding wall, floor, door, or frame assembly construction for it to properly function.
  5. Employees shall engage in lockdown training procedures on how to deploy and remove the emergency supplemental hardware, and its use shall be incorporated in the approved lockdown plan complying with the SFPC.
  6. The emergency supplemental hardware and its components shall be maintained in accordance with the SFPC.
  7. Approved emergency supplemental hardware shall be of consistent type throughout a building.

Exception: The building official may approve alternate types of emergency supplemental hardware in accordance with Section 110.1 when a consistent device cannot be installed.

A means of egress shall be free from obstructions that would prevent its use, including the accumulation of snow and ice.

In Group I-2, the required clear width for aisles, corridors and ramps that are part of the required means of egress shall comply with Section 1020.2. The facility shall have a plan to maintain the required clear width during emergency situations.

Exception: In areas required for bed movement, equipment shall be permitted in the required width where all of the following provisions are met:

  1. The equipment is low hazard and wheeled.
  2. The equipment does not reduce the effective clear width for the means of egress to less than 5 feet (1525 mm).
  3. The equipment is limited to:

    3.1.   Equipment and carts in use.

    3.2.   Medical emergency equipment.

    3.3.   Infection control carts.

    3.4.   Patient lift and transportation equipment.

  4. Medical emergency equipment and patient lift and transportation equipment, when not in use, are required to be located on one side of the corridor.
  5. The equipment is limited in number to not more than one per patient sleeping room or patient care room within each smoke compartment.
Exit signs shall be maintained in accordance with Sections 1013, 1203 and the applicable building code. Decorations, furnishings, equipment or adjacent signage that impairs the visibility of exit signs, creates confusion or prevents identification of the exit shall not be allowed.
Where a door is adjacent to, constructed similar to and can be confused with a means of egress door, that door shall be identified with an approved sign that identifies the room name or use of the room.
Means of egress doors shall be maintained in such a manner as to be distinguishable from the adjacent construction and finishes such that the doors are easily recognizable as doors. Furnishings, decorations or other objects shall not be placed so as to obstruct exits, access thereto, egress therefrom, or visibility thereof. Hangings and draperies shall not be placed over exit doors or otherwise be located to conceal or obstruct an exit. Mirrors shall not be placed on exit doors. Mirrors shall not be placed in or adjacent to any exit in such a manner as to confuse the direction of exit.

Required emergency escape and rescue openings shall be maintained in accordance with the that was code in effect at the time of construction, and both of the following:

  1. Required emergency escape and rescue openings shall be operational from the inside of the room without the use of keys or tools.
  2. Bars, grilles, grates or similar devices are allowed to be placed over emergency escape and rescue openings provided that the minimum net clear opening size complies with the code that was in effect at the time of construction and such devices shall be releasable or removable from the inside without the use of a key, tool or force greater than that which is required for normal operation of the emergency escape and rescue opening.
Two-way communication systems for areas of refuge shall be inspected and tested on a yearly basis to verify that all components are operational. Where required, the tests shall be conducted in the presence of the fire code official. Records of inspection, testing and maintenance shall be maintained.
The floor identification signs shall be maintained in accordance with Section 1023.9 and the applicable building code.
Emergency lighting shall be maintained in accordance with Section 108 and shall be inspected and tested in accordance with Sections 1031.10.1 and 1031.10.2.
Emergency lighting equipment shall be tested monthly for a duration of not less than 30 seconds. The test shall be performed manually or by an automated self-testing and self-diagnostic routine. Where testing is performed by self-testing and self-diagnostics, a visual inspection of the emergency lighting equipment shall be conducted monthly to identify any equipment displaying a trouble indicator or that has become damaged or otherwise impaired.
Battery-powered emergency lighting equipment shall be tested annually by operating the equipment on battery power for not less than 90 minutes.
Emergency supplemental hardware shall be installed in accordance with the applicable building code and shall be maintained in accordance with this code and the manufacturer's instructions. The fire code official shall be authorized to revoke the use and storage of emergency supplemental hardware within a building for due cause based on failure to comply with requirements in this code or the applicable building code. Revocations shall be rescinded upon achieving compliance with this code and the applicable building code.
Areas of refuge shall be maintained in accordance with Sections 1009.6, 1031.8 and the applicable building code. Designated areas shall be free of obstructions at all times and any required signs, instructions or equipment shall be maintained.
The force for pushing or pulling open interior swinging egress doors, other than fire doors, shall not exceed the maximum force permitted by the applicable building code. These forces do not apply to the force required to retract latch bolts or disengage other devices that hold the door in a closed position.
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