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Adopts With Amendments:

International Fire Code 2015 (IFC 2015)

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

901.1 Scope

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The provisions of this chapter shall apply to the inspection, operation, testing and maintenance of all fire protection systems.

901.2 Construction Documents

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

901.2.1 Statement of Compliance

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

901.3 Permits

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 107.2.

901.4 Installation Maintenance and Alterations

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Fire protection systems shall be maintained in accordance with the original installation standards for that system. Alterations and repairs to fire protection systems shall be done in accordance with the applicable building code and the applicable standards.

901.4.1 Required Fire Protection Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Fire protection systems shall be repaired, operated, tested and maintained in accordance with this code. A fire protection system for which a design option, exception or reduction to the provisions of this code or the applicable Building Code has been granted shall be considered to be a required system.

901.4.2 Nonrequired Fire Protection Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Nonrequired fire protection systems shall be maintained to function as originally installed. If any such systems are to be reduced in function or discontinued, approval shall be obtained from the building official in accordance with Section 103.8.1 of Part I of the USBC.

901.4.3 Fire Areas

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram
Where buildings, or portions thereof, are divided into fire areas so as not to exceed the limits established for requiring a fire protection system in accordance with the applicable building code, such fire areas shall be maintained.

901.4.4 Additional Fire Protection Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Any device that has the physical appearance of life safety or fire protection equipment but that does not perform that life safety or fire protection function shall be prohibited.

901.4.6 Pump and Riser Room Size

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Where provided, fire pump rooms and automatic sprinkler system riser rooms shall maintain clearances around equipment to elements of permanent construction, including other installed equipment and appliances, and shall be sufficient to allow inspection, service, repair or replacement without removing such elements of permanent construction or disabling the function of a required fire-resistance-rated assembly. Passageways provided for the removal of equipment shall remain unobstructed.
Fire detection and alarm systems, fire-extinguishing systems, fire hydrant systems, fire standpipe systems, fire pump systems, private fire service mains and all other fire protection systems and appurtenances thereto shall be subject to acceptance tests as contained in the installation standards and as approved by the fire code official. The fire code official shall be notified before any required acceptance testing.

901.5.1 Occupancy

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

901.5.2 Hydrant and Fire Service Main Acceptance Testing

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Fire hydrant systems and private fire service mains shall be subject to acceptance tests as contained in the installation standards and as approved by the fire code official. The fire code official shall be notified before any required acceptance testing.

901.6 Inspection, Testing and Maintenance

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
To the extent that equipment, systems, devices, and safeguards, such as fire detection, alarm and extinguishing systems, which were provided and approved by the building official when constructed, shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times. And where such equipment, systems, devices, and safeguards are found not to be in an operative condition, the fire official shall order all such equipment to be rendered safe in accordance with the USBC.
Fire protection systems shall be inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the referenced standards listed in Table 901.6.1.

TABLE 901.6.1
FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM MAINTENANCE STANDARDS
SYSTEM STANDARD
Portable fire extinguishers NFPA 10
Carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing system NFPA 12
Halon 1301 fire-extinguishing systems NFPA 12A
Dry-chemical extinguishing systems NFPA 17
Wet-chemical extinguishing systems NFPA 17A
Water-based fire protection systems NFPA 25
Fire alarm systems NFPA 72
Smoke and heat vents NFPA 204
Water-mist systems NFPA 750
Clean-agent extinguishing systems NFPA 2001
Records of all system inspections, tests and maintenance required by the referenced standards shall be maintained.
Initial records shall include the name of the installation contractor, type of components installed, manufacturer of the components, location and number of components installed per floor. Records shall also include the manufacturers' operation and maintenance instruction manuals. Such records shall be maintained for the life of the installation.
Where a required fire protection system is out of service, the fire department and the fire code official shall be notified immediately and, where required by the fire code official, the building shall be either evacuated or an approved fire watch shall be provided for all occupants left unprotected by the shutdown until the fire protection system has been returned to service.

Where utilized, fire watches shall be provided with not less than one approved means for notification of the fire department and their only duty shall be to perform constant patrols of the protected premises and keep watch for fires.

901.7.1 Modifications During Impairment

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The fire code official is authorized to require safeguards in a building or fire area when the required fire protection is out of service. Those safeguards may be based upon the provisions of the applicable building code or other recognized safety standards.

901.7.1 901.7.2 Impairment Coordinator

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The building owner shall assign an impairment coordinator to comply with the requirements of this section. In the absence of a specific designee, the owner shall be considered the impairment coordinator.

901.7.2 901.7.3 Tag Required

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
A tag shall be used to indicate that a system, or portion thereof, has been removed from service.

901.7.4 901.7.5 Placement of Tag

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The tag shall be posted at each fire department connection, system control valve, fire alarm control unit, fire alarm annunciator and fire command center indicating which system or part thereof has been removed from service. The fire code official shall specify where the tag is to be placed.

901.7.4 901.7.5 Preplanned Impairment Programs

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Preplanned impairments shall be authorized by the impairment coordinator. Before authorization is given, a designated individual shall be responsible for verifying that all of the following procedures have been implemented:
  1. The extent and expected duration of the impairment have been determined.
  2. The areas or buildings involved have been inspected and the increased risks determined.
  3. Recommendations have been submitted to management or the building owner or manager.
  4. The fire department has been notified.
  5. The insurance carrier, the alarm company, the building owner or manager and other authorities having jurisdiction have been notified.
  6. The supervisors in the areas to be affected have been notified.
  7. A tag impairment system has been implemented.
  8. Necessary tools and materials have been assembled on the impairment site.

901.7.5 901.7.6 Emergency Impairments

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Where unplanned impairments occur, appropriate emergency action shall be taken to minimize potential injury and damage. The impairment coordinator shall implement the steps outlined in Section 901.7.4.

901.7.6 901.7.7 Restoring Systems to Service

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
When impaired equipment is restored to normal working order, the impairment coordinator shall verify that all of the following procedures have been implemented:
  1. Necessary inspections and tests have been conducted to verify that affected systems are operational.
  2. Supervisors have been advised that protection is restored.
  3. The fire department has been advised that protection is restored.
  4. The building owner or manager, insurance carrier, alarm company and other involved parties have been advised that protection is restored.
  5. The impairment tag has been removed.

901.8 Removal of or Tampering With Equipment

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
It shall be unlawful for any person to remove, tamper with, or otherwise disturb any fire hydrant, fire detection and alarm system, fire suppression system, or other fire appliance required by this code or the applicable building code except for the purpose of extinguishing fire, for training purposes, for recharging or making necessary repairs, or where approved by the fire code official.
Locks, gates, doors, barricades, chains, enclosures, signs, tags or seals that have been installed by or at the direction of the fire code official shall not be removed, unlocked, destroyed, tampered with or otherwise vandalized in any manner.

901.8.2 Removal of Existing Occupant-Use Hose Lines

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The fire code official is authorized to permit the removal of existing occupant-use hose lines where all of the following conditions exist:
  1. Installation is not required by this code or the applicable building code.
  2. The hose line would not be utilized by trained personnel or the fire department.
  3. The remaining outlets are compatible with local fire department fittings.
For fire alarm systems required to be monitored by this code, notice shall be made to the fire code official whenever alarm monitoring services are terminated. Notice shall be made in writing, to the fire code official by the monitoring service provider being terminated.
Any fire protection system component regulated by this code that is the subject of a voluntary or mandatory recall under federal law shall be replaced with approved, listed components in compliance with the referenced standards of this code. The fire code official shall be notified in writing by the building owner when the recalled component parts have been replaced.

901.11 Defective Equipment

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
When the fire official determines through investigation or testing or reports by a nationally recognized testing agency that specific, required water sprinkler or water-spray extinguishing equipment has been identified as failing to perform or operate through not less than 30 randomly selected sprinkler heads at four or more building sites anywhere in the nation, the fire official shall order all such equipment to be rendered safe.
The following terms are defined in Chapter 2:

ALARM NOTIFICATION APPLIANCE.

ALARM SIGNAL.

ALARM VERIFICATION FEATURE.

ANNUNCIATOR.

AUDIBLE ALARM NOTIFICATION APPLIANCE.

AUTOMATIC.

AUTOMATIC FIRE-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM.

AUTOMATIC SMOKE DETECTION SYSTEM.

AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEM.

AUTOMATIC WATER MIST SYSTEM.

AVERAGE AMBIENT SOUND LEVEL.

CARBON DIOXIDE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM.

CLEAN AGENT.

COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE.

CONSTANTLY ATTENDED LOCATION.

DELUGE SYSTEM.

DETECTOR, HEAT.

DRY-CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING AGENT.

ELEVATOR GROUP.

EMERGENCY ALARM SYSTEM.

EMERGENCY VOICE/ALARM COMMUNICATIONS.

FIRE ALARM BOX, MANUAL.

FIRE ALARM CONTROL UNIT.

FIRE ALARM SIGNAL.

FIRE ALARM SYSTEM.

FIRE AREA.

FIRE DETECTOR, AUTOMATIC.

FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM.

FIRE SAFETY FUNCTIONS.

FIXED BASE OPERATOR (FBO).

FOAM-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM.

HALOGENATED EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM.

IMPAIRMENT COORDINATOR.

INITIATING DEVICE.

MANUAL FIRE ALARM BOX.

MULTIPLE-STATION ALARM DEVICE.

MULTIPLE-STATION SMOKE ALARM.

NOTIFICATION ZONE.

NUISANCE ALARM.

PRIVATE GARAGE.

RECORD DRAWINGS.

SINGLE-STATION SMOKE ALARM.

SLEEPING UNIT.

SMOKE ALARM.

SMOKE DETECTOR.

STANDPIPE SYSTEM, CLASSES OF.

Class I system.

Class II system.

Class III system.

STANDPIPE, TYPES OF.

Automatic dry.

Automatic wet.

Manual dry.

Manual wet.

Semiautomatic dry.

SUPERVISING STATION.

SUPERVISORY SERVICE.

SUPERVISORY SIGNAL.

SUPERVISORY SIGNAL-INITIATING DEVICE.

TIRES, BULK STORAGE OF.

TRANSIENT AIRCRAFT.

TROUBLE SIGNAL.

VISIBLE ALARM NOTIFICATION APPLIANCE.

WET-CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING AGENT.

WIRELESS PROTECTION SYSTEM.

ZONE.

ZONE, NOTIFICATION.
Automatic sprinkler systems shall comply with this section.

903.1.1 Alternative Protection

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2 Where Required

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.1 Group A

Amendment
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903.2.1.1 Group A-1

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.1.2 Group A-2

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.1.3 Group A-3

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.1.4 Group A-4

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.1.5 Group A-5

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.1.6 Assembly Occupancies on Roofs

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.1.7 Multiple Fire Areas

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.2 Ambulatory Care Facilities

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.3 Group E

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.4 Group F-1

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.4.1 Woodworking Operations

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.5 Group H

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.5.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.5.2 Group H-5 Occupancies

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.5.3 Pyroxylin Plastics

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.6 Group I

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.7 Group M

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.7.1 High-Piled Storage

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.8 Group R

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.8.1 Group R-3

Amendment
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[F] 903.2.8.2 Group R-4 Condition 1

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

[F] 903.2.8.3 Group R-4 Condition 2

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

[F] 903.2.8.3.1 Attics Used for Living Purposes, Storage or Fuel-Fired Equipment

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

[F] 903.2.8.3.2 Attics Not Used for Living Purposes, Storage or Fuel-Fired Equipment

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

[F] 903.2.8.4 Care Facilities

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.9 Group S-1

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.9.1 Repair Garages

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.9.2 Bulk Storage of Tires

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.10 Group S-2 Enclosed Parking Garages

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.10.1 Commercial Parking Garages

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.11 Specific Buildings Areas and Hazards

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.11.1 Stories Without Openings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.11.1.1 Opening Dimensions and Access

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.11.1.2 Openings on One Side Only

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.11.1.3 Basements

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.11.2 Rubbish and Linen Chutes

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram
Access to automatic sprinkler systems shall be maintained for servicing of the automatic sprinkler system components.

903.2.11.3 Buildings 55 Feet or More in Height

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.11.4 Ducts Conveying Hazardous Exhausts

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.11.5 Commercial Cooking Operations

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.11.6 Other Required Suppression Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.2.12 During Construction and Demolition

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Automatic sprinkler systems required by the applicable building code during construction, alteration and demolition operations shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 33.

903.3 Installation Requirements

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Automatic sprinkler systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

903.3.1 Standards

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.1.1 NFPA 13 Sprinkler Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.1.1.1 Exempt Locations

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.1.1.2 Bathrooms

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.1.2 NFPA 13R Sprinkler Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.1.2.1 Balconies and Decks

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.1.2.2 Open-Ended Corridors

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.1.3 NFPA 13D Sprinkler Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.2 Quick-Response and Residential Sprinklers

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.3 Obstructed Locations

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.4 Actuation

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.5 Water Supplies

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.5.1 Domestic Services

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.5.2 Residential Combination Services

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.6 Hose Threads

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Fire hose threads and fittings used in connection with automatic sprinkler systems shall be maintained as approved by the fire code official.

903.3.7 Fire Department Connections

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.8 Limited Area Sprinkler Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.8.1 Number of Sprinklers

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.8.2 Occupancy Hazard Classification

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.8.3 Piping Arrangement

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.8.4 Supervision

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.3.8.5 Calculations

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
When required by inspections, testing, and maintenance provisions of NFPA 25, hydraulic calculations shall be provided to demonstrate that the available water flow and pressure are adequate to supply all sprinklers installed in any single fire area with discharge densities corresponding to the hazard classification.

903.4 Sprinkler System Supervision and Alarms

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.4.1 Monitoring

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

903.4.2 Alarms

Amendment
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903.4.3 Floor Control Valves

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Sprinkler systems shall be tested and maintained in accordance with Section 901.

903.6 Where Required in Existing Buildings and Structures

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in existing buildings and structures in accordance with Section 102.7 of this code.

904.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Automatic fire-extinguishing systems, other than automatic sprinkler systems, shall be inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the provisions of this section and the applicable referenced standards.

904.1.1 Certification of Service Personnel for Fire-Extinguishing Equipment

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Service personnel providing or conducting maintenance on automatic fire-extinguishing systems, other than automatic sprinkler systems, shall possess a valid certificate issued by an approved agency or other approved organization for the type of system and work performed.

904.2 Where Permitted

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

904.2.1 Restriction on Using Automatic Sprinkler System Exceptions or Reductions

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

904.2.2 Commercial Hood and Duct Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Each required commercial kitchen exhaust hood and duct system required by Section 319.4 for mobile food preparation vehicles to have a Type I hood shall be protected with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system installed in accordance with this code.

904.3 Installation

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be installed in accordance with Annex B of NFPA 96 when required in mobile food preparation vehicles.

904.3.1 Electrical Wiring

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

904.3.2 Actuation

Amendment
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904.3.3 System Interlocking

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

904.3.4 Alarms and Warning Signs

Amendment
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904.3.5 Monitoring

Amendment
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904.4 Inspection and Testing

Amendment
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904.4.1 Inspection

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

904.4.2 Alarm Testing

Amendment
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904.4.2.1 Audible and Visible Signals

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

904.4.3 Monitor Testing

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

904.5 Wet-Chemical Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Wet-chemical extinguishing systems shall be maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 17A and their listing. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.
Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at six-month intervals. Tests shall include a check of the detection system, alarms and releasing devices, including manual stations and other associated equipment. Extinguishing system units shall be weighed and the required amount of agent verified. Stored pressure-type units shall be checked for the required pressure. The cartridge of cartridge-operated units shall be weighed and replaced at intervals indicated by the manufacturer.
Fixed temperature-sensing elements shall be maintained to ensure proper operation of the system.

904.6 Dry-Chemical Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Dry-chemical extinguishing systems shall be maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 17 and their listing. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.
Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at six-month intervals. Tests shall include a check of the detection system, alarms and releasing devices, including manual stations and other associated equipment. Extinguishing system units shall be weighed, and the required amount of agent verified. Stored pressure-type units shall be checked for the required pressure. The cartridge of cartridge-operated units shall be weighed and replaced at intervals indicated by the manufacturer.
Fixed temperature-sensing elements shall be maintained to ensure proper operation of the system.

904.7 Foam Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Foam-extinguishing systems shall be maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 11 and NFPA 16 and their listing. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.
Foam-extinguishing systems shall be inspected and tested at intervals in accordance with NFPA 25.

904.8 Carbon Dioxide Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems shall be maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 12 and their listing. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.
Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals.
High-pressure cylinders shall be weighed and the date of the last hydrostatic test shall be verified at six-month intervals. Where a container shows a loss in original content of more than 10 percent, the cylinder shall be refilled or replaced.
The liquid-level gauges of low-pressure containers shall be observed at one-week intervals. Where a container shows a content loss of more than 10 percent, the container shall be refilled to maintain the minimum gas requirements.
System hoses shall be examined at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be replaced or tested. At five-year intervals, all hoses shall be tested.
Hoses shall be tested at not less than 2,500 pounds per square inch (psi) (17 238 kPa) for high-pressure systems and at not less than 900 psi (6206 kPa) for low-pressure systems.
Auxiliary and supplementary components, such as switches, door and window releases, interconnected valves, damper releases and supplementary alarms, shall be manually operated at 12-month intervals to ensure that such components are in proper operating condition.

904.9 Halon Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Halogenated extinguishing systems shall be maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 12A and their listing. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.
Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals.
The extinguishing agent quantity and pressure of containers shall be checked at six-month intervals. Where a container shows a loss in original weight of more than 5 percent or a loss in original pressure (adjusted for temperature) of more than 10 percent, the container shall be refilled or replaced. The weight and pressure of the container shall be recorded on a tag attached to the container.
System hoses shall be examined at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be replaced or tested. At five-year intervals, all hoses shall be tested.
For Halon 1301 systems, hoses shall be tested at not less than 1,500 psi (10 343 kPa) for 600 psi (4137 kPa) charging pressure systems and not less than 900 psi (6206 kPa) for 360 psi (2482 kPa) charging pressure systems. For Halon 1211 hand-hose line systems, hoses shall be tested at 2,500 psi (17 238 kPa) for high-pressure systems and 900 psi (6206 kPa) for low-pressure systems.
Auxiliary and supplementary components, such as switches, door and window releases, interconnected valves, damper releases and supplementary alarms, shall be manually operated at 12-month intervals to ensure such components are in proper operating condition.

904.10 Clean-Agent Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Clean-agent fire-extinguishing systems shall be maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 2001 and their listing. Records of inspections and testing shall be maintained.
Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals.
The extinguishing agent quantity and pressure of the containers shall be checked at six-month intervals. Where a container shows a loss in original weight of more than 5 percent or a loss in original pressure, adjusted for temperature, of more than 10 percent, the container shall be refilled or replaced. The weight and pressure of the container shall be recorded on a tag attached to the container.
System hoses shall be examined at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be replaced or tested. All hoses shall be tested at five-year intervals.

904.11 Automatic Water Mist Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Automatic water mist systems shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 25 and the manufacturer's instructions.
Automatic water mist systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with Sections 904.11.1.1 through 904.11.1.4.

904.11.1.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

904.11.1.2 Actuation

Amendment
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904.11.1.3 Water Supply Protection

Amendment
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904.11.1.4 Secondary Water Supply

Amendment
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904.11.2 Water Mist System Supervision and Alarms

Amendment
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904.11.2.1 Monitoring

Amendment
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904.11.2.2 Alarms

Amendment
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904.11.2.3 Floor Control Valves

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Automatic water mist systems shall be tested and maintained in accordance with Section 901.6.

904.12 Commercial Cooking Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Automatic fire-extinguishing systems for commercial cooking shall comply with this section.

904.12.1 Manual System Operation

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Where provided, manual actuation devices shall be maintained as installed in accordance with the applicable building code and shall not be obstructed.

904.12.2 System Interconnection

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Where required by the applicable building code, the actuation of the fire extinguishing system shall automatically shut down the fuel or electrical power supply to the cooking equipment. The fuel and electrical supply reset shall be manual.

904.12.3 Carbon Dioxide Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

904.12.3.1 Ventilation System

Amendment
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904.12.4 Special Provisions for Automatic Sprinkler Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

904.12.4.1 Listed Sprinklers

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Sprinklers replaced in accordance with NFPA 25, which are used for the protection of fryers, shall be tested in accordance with UL 199E, listed for that application, and installed in accordance with their listing.
Portable fire extinguishers shall be provided within a 30-foot (9144 mm) distance of travel from commercial-type cooking equipment. Cooking equipment involving solid fuels or vegetable or animal oils and fats shall be protected by a Class K rated portable extinguisher in accordance with Section 904.12.5.1 or 904.12.5.2, as applicable.
Solid fuel cooking appliances, whether or not under a hood, with fireboxes 5 cubic feet (0.14 m3) or less in volume shall have a minimum 2.5-gallon (9 L) or two 1.5-gallon (6 L) Class K wet-chemical portable fire extinguishers located in accordance with Section 904.12.5.
Where hazard areas include deep fat fryers, listed Class K portable fire extinguishers shall be provided as follows:
  1. For up to four fryers having a maximum cooking medium capacity of 80 pounds (36.3 kg) each: one Class K portable fire extinguisher of a minimum 1.5-gallon ( 6 L) capacity.
  2. For every additional group of four fryers having a maximum cooking medium capacity of 80 pounds (36.3 kg) each: one additional Class K portable fire extinguisher of a minimum 1.5-gallon (6 L) capacity shall be provided.
  3. For individual fryers exceeding 6 square feet (0.55 m2) in surface area: Class K portable fire extinguishers shall be installed in accordance with the extinguisher manufacturer's recommendations.
Automatic fire-extinguishing systems protecting commercial cooking systems shall be maintained in accordance with Sections 904.12.6.1 through 904.12.6.3.

904.12.6.1 Existing Automatic Fire-Extinguishing Systems

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Where a change in the cooking media, positioning of cooking equipment, or replacement of cooking equipment occurs in existing commercial cooking systems, the automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be required to comply with the applicable building code.
Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be serviced at least every six months and after activation of the system. Inspection shall be by qualified individuals, and a certificate of inspection shall be forwarded to the fire code official upon completion.
Fusible links and automatic sprinkler heads shall be replaced at least annually, and other protection devices shall be serviced or replaced in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Exception: Frangible bulbs are not required to be replaced annually.

904.13 Domestic Cooking Systems in Group I-2 Condition 1

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

904.13.1 Manual System Operation and Interconnection

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

904.13.2 Portable Fire Extinguishers for Domestic Cooking Equipment in Group I-2 Condition 1

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

905.1 General

Amendment
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Standpipe systems shall be inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the provisions of this section and the applicable referenced standards.

905.2 Installation Maintenance Standard

Amendment
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Standpipe systems shall be maintained in accordance with this section and NFPA 14. Fire department connections for standpipe systems shall be in accordance with Section 912.

905.3 Required Installations

Amendment
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905.3.1 Height

Amendment
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905.3.2 Group A

Amendment
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905.3.3 Covered and Open Mall Buildings

Amendment
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905.3.4 Stages

Amendment
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905.3.4.1 Hose and Cabinet

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Where required by the applicable building code, hose connections shall be equipped with sufficient lengths of 11/2-inch (38 mm) hose to provide fire protection for the required area. Hoses shall be equipped with an approved adjustable fog nozzle and be mounted in a cabinet or on a rack.

905.3.5 Underground Buildings

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

905.3.6 Helistops and Heliports

Amendment
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Standpipes in marinas and boatyards shall comply with Chapter 36.

905.3.8 Rooftop Gardens and Landscaped Roofs

Amendment
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905.4 Location of Class I Standpipe Hose Connections

Amendment
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905.4.1 Protection

Amendment
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905.4.2 Interconnection

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905.5 Location of Class II Standpipe Hose Connections

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905.5.1 Groups A-1 and A-2

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905.5.2 Protection

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A minimum 1-inch (25 mm) hose shall be allowed to be used for hose stations in light-hazard occupancies where investigated and listed for this service and where approved by the fire code official.

905.6 Location of Class III Standpipe Hose Connections

Amendment
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905.6.1 Protection

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905.6.2 Interconnection

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Cabinets containing fire-fighting equipment, such as standpipes, fire hose, fire extinguishers or fire department valves, shall not be blocked from use or obscured from view.

905.7.1 Cabinet Equipment Identification

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Cabinets shall be identified in an approved manner by a permanently attached sign with letters not less than 2 inches (51 mm) high in a color that contrasts with the background color indicating the equipment contained therein.

Exceptions:
  1. Doors not large enough to accommodate a written sign shall be marked with a permanently attached pictogram of the equipment contained therein.
  2. Doors that have either an approved visual identification clear glass panel or a complete glass door panel are not required to be marked.
Cabinets shall be unlocked.
Exceptions:
  1. Visual identification panels of glass or other approved transparent frangible material that is easily broken and allows access.
  2. Approved locking arrangements.
  3. Group I-3 occupancies.

905.8 Dry Standpipes

Amendment
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905.9 Valve Supervision

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905.10 During Construction

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Standpipe systems required during construction and demolition operations shall comply with Chapter 33.

905.11 Existing Buildings

Amendment
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906.1 Where Required

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Portable fire extinguishers shall be installed in all of the following locations:
  1. In Group A, B, E, F, H, I, M, R-1, R-4 and S occupancies.
    Exceptions:
    1. In Groups A, B, and E occupancies equipped throughout with quick response sprinklers, portable fire extinguishers shall be required only in locations specified in Items 2 through 6.
    2. In Group I-3 occupancies, portable fire extinguishers shall be permitted to be located at staff locations and the access to such extinguishers shall be permitted to be locked.
    Note: In existing buildings, whether fire extinguishers are needed is determined by the USBC or other code in effect when such buildings were constructed.
  2. Within 30 feet (9144 mm) of commercial cooking equipment.
  3. In areas where flammable or combustible liquids are stored, used or dispensed.
  4. On each floor of structures under construction, except Group R-3 occupancies, in accordance with Section 3315.1.
  5. Where required by the sections indicated in Table 906.1.
  6. Special-hazard areas, including but not limited to laboratories, computer rooms and generator rooms, where required by the fire code official.
TABLE 906.1
ADDITIONAL REQUIRED PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
SECTION SUBJECT
303.5 Asphalt kettles
307.5 Open burning
308.1.3 Open flames—torches
309.4 Powered industrial trucks
2005.2 Aircraft towing vehicles
2005.3 Aircraft welding apparatus
2005.4 Aircraft fuel-servicing tank vehicles
2005.5 Aircraft hydrant fuel-servicing vehicles
2005.6 Aircraft fuel-dispensing stations
2007.7 Heliports and helistops
2108.4 Dry cleaning plants
2305.5 Motor fuel-dispensing facilities
2310.6.4 Marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities
2311.6 Repair garages
2404.4.1 Spray-finishing operations
2405.4.2 Dip-tank operations
2406.4.2 Powder-coating areas
2804.3 Lumberyards/woodworking facilities
2808.8 Recycling facilities
2809.5 Exterior lumber storage
2903.5 Organic-coating areas
3006.3 Industrial ovens
3104.12 Tents and membrane structures
3206.10 High-piled storage
3315.1 Buildings under construction or demolition
3317.3 Roofing operations
3408.2 Tire rebuilding/storage
3504.2.6 Welding and other hot work
3604.4 Marinas
3703.6 Combustible fibers
5703.2.1 Flammable and combustible liquids, general
5704.3.3.1 Indoor storage of flammable and combustible liquids
5704.3.7.5.2 Liquid storage rooms for flammable and combustible
liquids
5705.4.9 Solvent distillation units
5706.2.7 Farms and construction sites—flammable and com-
bustible liquids storage
5706.4.10.1 Bulk plants and terminals for flammable and com-
bustible liquids
5706.5.4.5 Commercial, industrial, governmental or manufac-
turing establishments—fuel dispensing
5706.6.4 Tank vehicles for flammable and combustible liquids
5906.5.7 Flammable solids
6108.2 LP-gas
Portable fire extinguishers shall be selected, installed and maintained in accordance with this section and NFPA 10.

Exceptions:
  1. The distance of travel to reach an extinguisher shall not apply to the spectator seating portions of Group A-5 occupancies.
  2. Thirty-day inspections shall not be required and maintenance shall be allowed to be once every 3 years for dry-chemical or halogenated agent portable fire extinguishers that are supervised by a listed and approved electronic monitoring device, provided that all of the following conditions are met:
    1. Electronic monitoring shall confirm that extinguishers are properly positioned, properly charged and unobstructed.
    2. Loss of power or circuit continuity to the electronic monitoring device shall initiate a trouble signal.
    3. The extinguishers shall be installed inside of a building or cabinet in a noncorrosive environment.
    4. Electronic monitoring devices and supervisory circuits shall be tested every 3 years when extinguisher maintenance is performed.
    5. A written log of required hydrostatic test dates for extinguishers shall be maintained by the owner to verify that hydrostatic tests are conducted at the frequency required by NFPA 10.
  3. In Group I-3, portable fire extinguishers shall be permitted to be located at staff locations.

906.2.1 Certification of Service Personnel for Portable Fire Extinguishers

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Service personnel providing or conducting maintenance on portable fire extinguishers shall possess a valid certificate issued by an approved agency, or other approved organization for the type of work performed.
The size and distribution of portable fire extinguishers shall be in accordance with Sections 906.3.1 through 906.3.4.

TABLE 906.3(1)
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS FOR CLASS A FIRE HAZARDS
  LIGHT
(Low)
HAZARD
OCCUPANCY
ORDINARY
(Moderate)
HAZARD
OCCUPANCY
EXTRA
(High)
HAZARD
OCCUPANCY
Minimum rated
single extinguisher
2-Ac 2-A 4-Aa
Maximum floor area
per unit of A
3,000
square feet
1,500
square feet
1,000
square feet
Maximum floor area
for extinguisherb
11,250
square feet
11,250
square feet
11,250
square feet
Maximum distance of
travel to extinguisher
75 feet 75 feet 75 feet

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2, 1 gallon = 3.785 L.
  1. Two 21/2-gallon water-type extinguishers shall be deemed the equivalent of one 4-A rated extinguisher.
  2. Annex E.3.3 of NFPA 10 provides more details concerning application of the maximum floor area criteria.
  3. Two water-type extinguishers each with a 1-A rating shall be deemed the equivalent of one 2-A rated extinguisher for Light (Low) Hazard Occupancies.

TABLE 906.3(2)
FLAMMABLE OR COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS WITH DEPTHS OF LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 0.25-INCHa
TYPE OF HAZARD BASIC MINIMUM
EXTINGUISHER
RATING
MAXIMUM DISTANCE
OF TRAVEL TO
EXTINGUISHERS (feet)
Light (Low) 5-B 30
10-B 50
Ordinary (Moderate) 10-B 30
20-B 50
Extra (High) 40-B  30
80-B 50

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
  1. For requirements on water-soluble flammable liquids and alternative sizing criteria, see Section 5.5 of NFPA 10.
Portable fire extinguishers for occupancies that involve primarily Class A fire hazards, the minimum sizes and distribution shall comply with Table 906.3(1).
Portable fire extinguishers for occupancies involving flammable or combustible liquids with depths of less than or equal to 0.25-inch (6.4 mm) shall be selected and placed in accordance with Table 906.3(2).

Portable fire extinguishers for occupancies involving flammable or combustible liquids with a depth of greater than 0.25-inch (6.4 mm) shall be selected and placed in accordance with NFPA 10.
Portable fire extinguishers for Class C fire hazards shall be selected and placed on the basis of the anticipated Class A or B hazard.
Portable fire extinguishers for occupancies involving combustible metals shall be selected and placed in accordance with NFPA 10.
Fire extinguishers provided for the protection of cooking grease fires shall be of an approved type compatible with the automatic fire-extinguishing system agent and in accordance with Section 904.12.5.
Portable fire extinguishers shall be located in conspicuous locations where they will be readily accessible and immediately available for use. These locations shall be along normal paths of travel, unless the fire code official determines that the hazard posed indicates the need for placement away from normal paths of travel.
Portable fire extinguishers shall not be obstructed or obscured from view. In rooms or areas in which visual obstruction cannot be completely avoided, means shall be provided to indicate the locations of extinguishers.
Hand-held portable fire extinguishers, not housed in cabinets, shall be installed on the hangers or brackets supplied. Hangers or brackets shall be securely anchored to the mounting surface in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.
Cabinets used to house portable fire extinguishers shall not be locked.
Exceptions:
  1. Where portable fire extinguishers subject to malicious use or damage are provided with a means of ready access.
  2. In Group I-3 occupancies and in mental health areas in Group I-2 occupancies, access to portable fire extinguishers shall be permitted to be locked or to be located in staff locations provided the staff has keys.
The installation of portable fire extinguishers shall be in accordance with Sections 906.9.1 through 906.9.3.
Portable fire extinguishers having a gross weight not exceeding 40 pounds (18 kg) shall be installed so that their tops are not more than 5 feet (1524 mm) above the floor.
Hand-held portable fire extinguishers having a gross weight exceeding 40 pounds (18 kg) shall be installed so that their tops are not more than 3.5 feet (1067 mm) above the floor.
The clearance between the floor and the bottom of installed hand-held portable fire extinguishers shall be not less than 4 inches (102 mm).
Wheeled fire extinguishers shall be conspicuously located in a designated location.

907.1 General

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
This section covers the performance and maintenance of fire alarm systems and their components in buildings and structures.

907.1.1 Construction Documents

Amendment
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907.1.2 Fire Alarm Shop Drawings

Amendment
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907.1.3 Equipment

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Systems and components not regulated by the applicable building code shall be listed and approved for the purpose for which they are installed.

907.2 Where Required—New Buildings and Structures

Amendment
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907.2.1 Group A

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907.2.1.1 System Initiation in Group A Occupancies With an Occupant Load of 1,000 or More

Amendment
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907.2.1.2 Emergency Voice/Alarm Communication System Captions

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907.2.2 Group B

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907.2.2.1 Ambulatory Care Facilities

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907.2.3 Group E

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907.2.4 Group F

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907.2.5 Group H

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907.2.6 Group I

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907.2.6.1 Group I-1

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907.2.6.1.1 Smoke Alarms

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907.2.6.2 Group I-2

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907.2.6.3 Group I-3 Occupancies

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907.2.6.3.1 System Initiation

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907.2.6.3.2 Manual Fire Alarm Boxes

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Manual fire alarm boxes are allowed to be locked in areas occupied by detainees, provided that staff members are present within the subject area and have keys readily available to operate the manual fire alarm boxes.

907.2.6.3.3 Automatic Smoke Detection System

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907.2.7 Group M

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907.2.7.1 Occupant Notification

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907.2.8 Group R-1

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907.2.8.1 Manual Fire Alarm System

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907.2.8.2 Automatic Smoke Detection System

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907.2.8.3 Smoke Alarms

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907.2.9 Group R-2

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907.2.9.1 Manual Fire Alarm System

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907.2.9.2 Smoke Alarms

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907.2.9.3 Group R-2 College and University Buildings

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907.2.10 Group R-4

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907.2.10.1 Manual Fire Alarm System

Amendment
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907.2.10.2 Automatic Smoke Detection System

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907.2.10.3 Smoke Alarms

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907.2.11 Single-Station and Multiple-Station Smoke Alarms

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Alarms not required by the applicable building code shall be Listed single-station and multiple-station smoke alarms complying with UL 217 and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and NFPA 72.

907.2.11.1 Group R-1

Amendment
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907.2.11.2 Groups R-2, R-3, R-4 and I-1

Amendment
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907.2.11.3 Installation Near Cooking Appliances

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907.2.11.4 Installation Near Bathrooms

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907.2.11.5 Interconnection

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907.2.11.6 Power Source

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907.2.11.7 Smoke Detection System

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907.2.12 Special Amusement Buildings

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907.2.12.1 Alarm

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907.2.12.2 System Response

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907.2.12.3 Emergency Voice/Alarm Communication System

Amendment
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907.2.13 High-Rise Buildings

Amendment
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907.2.13.1 Automatic Smoke Detection

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907.2.13.1.1 Area Smoke Detection

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[M] 907.2.13.1.2 Duct Smoke Detection

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907.2.13.2 Fire Department Communication System

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907.2.14 Atriums Connecting More Than Two Stories

Amendment
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907.2.15 High-Piled Combustible Storage Areas

Amendment
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907.2.16 Aerosol Storage Uses

Amendment
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907.2.17 Lumber, Wood Structural Panel and Veneer Mills

Amendment
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907.2.18 Underground Buildings With Smoke Control Systems

Amendment
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907.2.18.1 Smoke Detectors

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907.2.18.2 Alarm Required

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907.2.19 Deep Underground Buildings

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907.2.20 Covered and Open Mall Buildings

Amendment
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907.2.21 Residential Aircraft Hangars

Amendment
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907.2.22 Airport Traffic Control Towers

Amendment
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907.2.22.1 Airport Traffic Control Towers With Multiple Exits and Automatic Sprinklers

Amendment
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907.2.22.2 Other Airport Traffic Control Towers

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907.2.23 Battery Rooms

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907.3 Fire Safety Functions

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907.3.1 Duct Smoke Detectors

Amendment
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907.3.2 Delayed Egress Locks

Amendment
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Where delayed egress locks are installed on means of egress doors, they shall be maintained as installed in accordance with the applicable building code.

907.3.3 Elevator Emergency Operation

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Automatic fire detectors installed for elevator emergency operation shall be maintained as provided by the applicable building code.

907.3.4 Wiring

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907.4 Initiating Devices

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907.4.1 Protection of Fire Alarm Control Unit

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907.4.2 Manual Fire Alarm Boxes

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Manual fire alarm boxes or pull stations shall be maintained as provided in accordance with the applicable building code.

907.4.2.1 Location

Amendment
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907.4.2.2 Height

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907.4.2.3 Color

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Manual fire alarm boxes shall be maintained as installed unless otherwise approved.
Where fire alarm systems are not monitored by a supervising station, an approved permanent sign shall be installed adjacent to each manual fire alarm box that reads: WHEN ALARM SOUNDS—CALL FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Exception: Where the manufacturer has permanently provided this information on the manual fire alarm box.

907.4.2.5 Protective Covers

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The fire code official is authorized to require the installation of listed manual fire alarm box protective covers to prevent malicious false alarms or to provide the manual fire alarm box with protection from physical damage. The protective cover shall be transparent or red in color with a transparent face to permit visibility of the manual fire alarm box. Each cover shall include proper operating instructions. A protective cover that emits a local alarm signal shall not be installed unless approved. Protective covers shall not reduce the required means of egress width.
Manual fire alarm boxes shall be accessible, unobstructed, unobscured and visible at all times.

907.4.3 Automatic Smoke Detection

Amendment
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907.4.3.1 Automatic Sprinkler System

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907.5 Occupant Notification Systems

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907.5.1 Presignal Feature

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
A presignal feature shall not be utilized unless approved by the fire code official and the fire department. Where a presignal feature is provided, a signal shall be annunciated at a constantly attended location approved by the fire department so that occupant notification can be activated in the event of fire or other emergency.

907.5.2 Alarm Notification Appliances

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907.5.2.1 Audible Alarms

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907.5.2.1.1 Average Sound Pressure

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907.5.2.1.2 Maximum Sound Pressure

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907.5.2.2 Emergency Voice/Alarm Communication Systems

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907.5.2.2.1 Manual Override

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907.5.2.2.2 Live Voice Messages

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907.5.2.2.3 Alternate Uses

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907.5.2.2.4 Emergency Voice/ or Alarm Communication Captions

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Where stadiums, arenas and grandstands are required to caption audible public announcements in accordance with of the applicable building code, the emergency or voice alarm communication system shall be captioned. Prerecorded or live emergency captions shall be from an approved location constantly attended by personnel trained to respond to an emergency.

907.5.2.2.5 Emergency Power

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907.5.2.3 Visible Alarms

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907.5.2.3.1 Public Use Areas and Common Use Areas

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907.5.2.3.2 Groups I-1 and R-1

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907.5.2.3.3 Group R-2

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907.6 Installation and Monitoring

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907.6.1 Wiring

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907.6.2 Power Supply

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907.6.3 Initiating Device Identification

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The fire alarm systems that identify the specific initiating device address, location, device type, floor level where applicable, and status, including indication of normal, alarm, trouble and supervisory status, shall be maintained as provided in accordance with the applicable building code.

907.6.3.1 Annunciation

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907.6.4 Zones

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907.6.4.1 Zoning Indicator Panel

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907.6.4.2 High-Rise Buildings

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907.6.5 Access

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Access to each fire alarm device and notification appliance for periodic inspection, maintenance and testing shall not be obstructed.

907.6.6 Monitoring

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The monitoring of fire alarm systems required by the applicable building code shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 72.
Automatic telephone-dialing devices used to transmit an emergency alarm shall not be connected to any fire department telephone number unless approved by the fire chief.
Termination of fire alarm monitoring services shall be in accordance with Section 901.9.

907.7 Acceptance Tests and Completion

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907.7.1 Single- And Multiple-Station Alarm Devices

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907.7.2 Record of Completion

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907.7.3 Instructions

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Operating, testing and maintenance instructions and existing record drawings ("as builts") and equipment specifications shall be provided at an approved location.
The maintenance and testing schedules and procedures for fire alarm and fire detection systems shall be in accordance with Sections 907.8.1 through 907.8.5 and NFPA 72. Records of inspection, testing and maintenance shall be maintained.
Where required for compliance with the provisions of this code, devices, equipment, systems, conditions, arrangements, levels of protection or other features shall thereafter be continuously maintained in accordance with applicable NFPA requirements or as directed by the fire code official.

907.8.2 Testing

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Testing shall be performed in accordance with the schedules in Chapter 10 of NFPA 72 or more frequently where required by the fire code official. Where automatic testing is performed at least weekly by a remotely monitored fire alarm control unit specifically listed for the application, the manual testing frequency shall be permitted to be extended to annual. In Group R-1 occupancies, battery-powered single station smoke detectors shall be tested and inspected at one-month intervals.

Exception: Devices or equipment that are inaccessible for safety considerations shall be tested during scheduled shutdowns where approved by the fire code official, but not less than every 18 months.
Smoke detector sensitivity shall be checked within one year after installation and every alternate year thereafter. After the second calibration test, where sensitivity tests indicate that the detector has remained within its listed and marked sensitivity range (or 4-percent obscuration light grey smoke, if not marked), the length of time between calibration tests shall be permitted to be extended to not more than 5 years. Where the frequency is extended, records of detector-caused nuisance alarms and subsequent trends of these alarms shall be maintained. In zones or areas where nuisance alarms show any increase over the previous year, calibration tests shall be performed.
To verify that each smoke detector is within its listed and marked sensitivity range, it shall be tested using one of the following methods:
  1. A calibrated test method.
  2. The manufacturer's calibrated sensitivity test instrument.
  3. Listed control equipment arranged for the purpose.
  4. A smoke detector/control unit arrangement whereby the detector causes a signal at the control unit where the detector's sensitivity is outside its acceptable sensitivity range.
  5. Another calibrated sensitivity test method acceptable to the fire code official.
Detectors found to have a sensitivity outside the listed and marked sensitivity range shall be cleaned and recalibrated or replaced.
Exceptions:
  1. Detectors listed as field adjustable shall be permitted to be either adjusted within the listed and marked sensitivity range and cleaned and recalibrated or they shall be replaced.
  2. This requirement shall not apply to single-station smoke alarms.
Smoke detector sensitivity shall not be tested or measured using a device that administers an unmeasured concentration of smoke or other aerosol into the detector.

907.8.5 Inspection, Testing and Maintenance, Inspection and Testing

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The building owner shall be responsible for maintaining the fire and life safety systems in an operable condition at all times. Service personnel shall meet the qualification requirements of NFPA 72 for maintaining, inspecting and testing such systems. A written record shall be maintained and shall be made available to the fire code official. In addition to all applicable information contained in Figure 7.8.2 of NFPA 72, the written record of inspections, testing and maintenance shall contain the following minimum information:
  1. Date, name and address of property.
  2. Name of person performing inspection, maintenance and tests, or combination thereof, and affiliation, business address and telephone number.
  3. Name, address and representative of approving agency or agencies.
  4. Test frequency.
  5. Designation of the detector or detectors tested (for example, "Test performed in accordance with Section _______.").
  6. Physical location (for example, "Heat detector in main kitchen; horn-strobe in Room 115.") and a list of all initiating and notification devices and appliances tested.
  7. Functional list of detectors and required sequence of operations.
  8. Check of all smoke detectors.
  9. Loop resistance for all fixed-temperature, line-type detectors.
  10. Other tests as required by either the equipment manufacturer's published instructions or the authority having jurisdiction.
  11. Signature of tester and approved authority representative.
  12. Disposition of problems identified during test (examples, "Owner notified," "Problem corrected or successfully retested, or both," "Device abandoned in place.").

907.9 Where Required in Existing Buildings and Structures

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908.1 Group H Occupancies

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Emergency alarms for the detection and notification of an emergency condition in Group H occupancies shall be maintained as provided in accordance with the applicable building code.

908.2 Group H-5 Occupancy

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Emergency alarms for notification of an emergency condition in a hazardous production material (HPM) facility shall be maintained as provided in accordance with the applicable building code. Continuous gas detection systems shall be maintained for HPM gases as provided in accordance with the applicable building code.

908.3 Highly Toxic and Toxic Materials

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Where required by the applicable building code for highly toxic and toxic materials, gas detection systems shall be maintained.

908.4 Ozone Gas-Generator Rooms

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Where required by the applicable building code, gas detection systems provided in ozone gas-generator rooms shall be maintained.

908.5 Repair Garages

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
A flammable-gas detection system provided in accordance with the applicable building code in repair garages for vehicles fueled by nonodorized gases shall be maintained.

908.6 Refrigeration Systems

Amendment
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Refrigeration system machinery rooms provided with refrigerant detection in accordance with the applicable building code shall be maintained.

908.7 Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Systems

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Emergency alarm systems provided in accordance with the applicable building code shall be maintained.

909.1 Scope and Purpose

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This section applies to the inspection, testing, and maintenance of mechanical or passive smoke control systems. The purpose of these systems to provide a tenable environment for the evacuation or relocation of occupants. These provisions are not intended for the preservation of contents, the timely restoration of operations, or for assistance in fire suppression or overhaul activities.

909.2 General Design Requirements

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909.3 Special Inspection and Test Requirements

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909.4 Analysis

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909.4.1 Stack Effect

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909.4.2 Temperature Effect of Fire

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909.4.3 Wind Effect

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909.4.4 Systems

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909.4.5 Climate

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909.4.6 Duration of Operation

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All portions of active or engineered smoke control systems shall be capable of continued operation after detection of the fire event for a period of not less than that required by the applicable building code.

909.4.7 Smoke Control System Interaction

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909.5 Smoke Barriers Construction

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Smoke barriers required for passive smoke control and smoke control systems using the pressurization method shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7 of this code.

909.5.1 Total Leakage Area

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909.5.2 Testing of Leakage Area

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909.5.3 Opening Protection

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Protection of openings in smoke barriers shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7.

909.5.3.1 Group I-1 Condition 2, Group I-2 and Ambulatory Care Facilities

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

909.5.3.2 Ducts and Air Transfer Openings

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Protection of ducts and air transfer openings shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7.

909.6 Pressurization Method

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909.6.1 Minimum Pressure Difference

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909.6.2 Maximum Pressure Difference

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909.6.3 Pressurized Stairways and Elevator Hoistways

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909.7 Airflow Design Method

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909.7.1 Prohibited Conditions

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909.8 Exhaust Method

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909.8.1 Smoke Layer

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909.9 Design Fire

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909.9.1 Factors Considered

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909.9.2 Design Fire Fuel

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909.9.3 Heat-Release Assumptions

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909.9.4 Sprinkler Effectiveness Assumptions

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909.10 Equipment

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909.10.1 Exhaust Fans

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909.10.2 Ducts

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909.10.3 Equipment, Inlets and Outlets

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909.10.4 Automatic Dampers

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909.10.5 Fans

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Motors driving fans associated with smoke control systems shall not be operated beyond their nameplate horsepower (kilowatts) as determined from measurement of actual current draw and shall have a minimum service factor of 1.15.

909.11 Standby Power

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Standby power provided for smoke control systems shall be maintained in accordance with Section 604.

909.11.1 Equipment Room

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Fire barriers associated with equipment rooms servicing smoke control systems shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7.

909.11.2 Power Sources and Power Surges

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909.12 Detection and Control Systems

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909.12.1 Verification

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909.12.2 Wiring

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909.12.3 Activation

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909.12.3.1 Pressurization, Airflow or Exhaust Method

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909.12.3.2 Passive Method

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909.12.4 Automatic Control

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909.13 Control Air Tubing

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909.13.1 Materials

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909.13.2 Isolation From Other Functions

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909.13.3 Testing

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The detection and control systems shall be clearly marked at all junctions, accesses and terminations.

909.15 Control Diagrams

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Identical control diagrams showing all devices in the system and identifying their location and function shall be maintained current and kept on file with the fire code official, with the fire department, and in the fire command center in a format and manner approved by the fire chief.

909.16 Fire Fighter's Smoke Control Panel

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

909.16.1 Smoke Control Systems

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909.16.2 Smoke Control Panel

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The firefighter's control panel shall maintain control capability over the complete smoke control system equipment within the building in accordance with the applicable building code.

909.16.3 Control Action and Priorities

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909.17 System Response Time

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Smoke-control system activation, including all associated components, shall be initiated in accordance with its design. The total response time shall not be less than the requirements specified in the design.

909.18 Acceptance Testing

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909.18.1 Detection Devices

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909.18.2 Ducts

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909.18.3 Dampers

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909.18.4 Inlets and Outlets

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909.18.5 Fans

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909.18.6 Smoke Barriers

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909.18.7 Controls

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909.18.8 Testing for Smoke Control

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909.18.8.1 Scope of Testing

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909.18.8.2 Qualifications

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909.18.8.3 Reports

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909.18.8.3.1 Report Filing

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
A copy of the final report required by the applicable building code shall be filed with the fire code official and an identical copy shall be maintained in an approved location at the building.

909.18.9 Identification and Documentation

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Copies of charts, drawings, and other documents identifying and locating each component of the smoke control system and describing their proper function and maintenance requirements shall be maintained on file at the building. Devices shall have an approved identifying tag or mark on them consistent with such copies and shall be dated indicating the last time they were successfully tested and by whom.

909.19 System Acceptance

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Smoke control systems shall be maintained to ensure to a reasonable degree that the system is capable of controlling smoke for the duration required. The system shall be maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and Sections 909.20.1 through 909.20.6.

909.20.1 Schedule

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
A routine maintenance and operational testing program shall be initiated immediately after the smoke control system has passed the acceptance tests. A written schedule for routine maintenance and operational testing shall be established and approved by the fire code official in accordance with Chapter 9 of the applicable building code.
Records of smoke control system testing and maintenance shall be maintained. The record shall include the date of the maintenance, identification of the servicing personnel and notification of any unsatisfactory condition and the corrective action taken, including parts replaced.
Operational testing of the smoke control system shall include all equipment such as initiating devices, fans, dampers, controls, doors and windows.
Dedicated smoke control systems shall be operated for each control sequence semiannually. The system shall be tested under standby power conditions.
Nondedicated smoke control systems shall be operated for each control sequence annually. The system shall be tested under standby power conditions.

909.20.6 Components Bypassing Weekly Test

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Diagram
Where components of the smoke control system are bypassed by the preprogrammed weekly test in accordance with the applicable building code, such components shall be tested semiannually. The system shall be tested under standby power conditions.

[BF] 909.21 Elevator Hoistway Pressurization Alternative

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Where elevator hoistway pressurization is provided in lieu of required enclosed elevator lobbies, the pressurization system shall be maintained in accordance with Section 909.

[BF] 909.21.1 Pressurization Requirements

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.

[BF] 909.21.1.1 Use of Ventilation Systems

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[BF] 909.21.2 Rational Analysis

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[BF] 909.21.3 Ducts for System

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Any duct system protected with a fire-resistance rating shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7.

[BF] 909.21.4 Fan System

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
The fan system provided for the pressurization system shall comply with Sections 909.21.4.1.

[BF] 909.21.4.1 Fire Resistance

Amendment
This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Where provided in accordance with the applicable building code, the fire-resistance rating required for the elevator shaft enclosure shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 7.

[BF] 909.21.4.2 Smoke Detection

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[BF] 909.21.4.3 Separate Systems

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[BF] 909.21.4.4 Fan Capacity

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[BF] 909.21.5 Standby Power

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This section has been amended by the state, county, or city.
Standby power systems for pressurization systems shall be maintained in accordance with Section 604.

[BF] 909.21.6 Activation of Pressurization System

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[BF] 909.21.7 Testing

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Detection and control systems shall be marked in accordance with Section 909.14.
Control diagrams shall be provided in accordance with Section 909.15.

[BF] 909.21.10 Control Panel

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[BF] 909.21.11 System Response Time

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Hoistway pressurization systems response time shall be