ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2015 (IFC 2015)

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
Storage, handling and transportation of liquefied petroleum gas (LP-gas) and the installation of LP-gas equipment pertinent to systems for such uses shall comply with this chapter and NFPA 58. Properties of LP-gases shall be determined in accordance with Appendix B of NFPA 58.

6101.2 Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 107.2. Distributors shall not fill an LP-gas container for which a permit is required unless a permit for installation has been issued for that location by the fire code official, except when the container is for temporary use on construction sites.
Where a single LP-gas container is more than 2,000 gallons (7570 L) in water capacity or the aggregate water capacity of LP-gas containers is more than 4,000 gallons (15 140 L), the installer shall submit construction documents for such installation.

6103.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
LP-gas equipment shall be maintained in accordance with the code under which it was installed.
The use of LP-gas containers in buildings shall be in accordance with Sections 6103.2.1 and 6103.2.2.
Portable LP-gas containers, as defined in NFPA 58, shall not be used in buildings except as specified in NFPA 58 and Sections 6103.2.1.1 through 6103.2.1.7.
LP-gas containers shall not be used in a basement, pit or similar location where heavier-than-air gas might collect. LP-gas containers shall not be used in an above-grade underfloor space or basement unless such location is provided with an approved means of ventilation.

Exception: Use with self-contained torch assemblies in accordance with Section 6103.2.1.6.
Portable LP-gas containers are allowed to be used in buildings or areas of buildings undergoing construction or for temporary heating as set forth in Sections 6.20.4, 6.20.5 and 6.20.8 of NFPA 58.
In Group F occupancies, portable LP-gas containers are allowed to be used to supply quantities necessary for processing, research or experimentation. Where manifolded, the aggregate water capacity of such containers shall not exceed 735 pounds (334 kg) per manifold. Where multiple manifolds of such containers are present in the same room, each manifold shall be separated from other manifolds by a distance of not less than 20 feet (6096 mm).
In Group E and I occupancies, portable LP-gas containers are allowed to be used for research and experimentation. Such containers shall not be used in classrooms. Such containers shall not exceed a 50-pound (23 kg) water capacity in occupancies used for educational purposes and shall not exceed a 12-pound (5 kg) water capacity in occupancies used for institutional purposes. Where more than one such container is present in the same room, each container shall be separated from other containers by a distance of not less than 20 feet (6096 mm).
Portable LP-gas containers are allowed to be used temporarily for demonstrations and public exhibitions. Such containers shall not exceed a water capacity of 12 pounds (5 kg). Where more than one such container is present in the same room, each container shall be separated from other containers by a distance of not less than 20 feet (6096 mm).
Portable LP-gas containers are allowed to be used to supply approved self-contained torch assemblies or similar appliances. Such containers shall not exceed a water capacity of 21/2 pounds (1 kg).
Where approved, listed LP-gas commercial food service appliances are allowed to be used for food-preparation within restaurants and in attended commercial food-catering operations in accordance with the International Fuel Gas Code, the International Mechanical Code and NFPA 58.
LP-gas containers on industrial vehicles and floor maintenance machines shall comply with Sections 11.13 and 11.14 of NFPA 58.

6103.3 Location of Equipment and Piping

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

6104.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The storage and handling of LP-gas and the maintenance of related equipment shall comply with applicable building code.

6104.2 Maximum Capacity Within Established Limits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

6104.3 Container Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

6104.3.1 Installation on Roof Prohibited

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

6104.3.2 Special Hazards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

6104.4 Multiple LP-gas Container Installations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
LP-gas shall not be used for the purpose of operating devices or equipment unless such device or equipment is approved for use with LP-gas.
LP-gas shall not be released to the atmosphere, except in accordance with Section 7.3 of NFPA 58.
Dispensing of LP-gas shall be performed by a qualified attendant.
LP-gas containers shall not be filled or maintained with LP-gas in excess of either the volume determined using the fixed liquid-level gauge installed in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications and in accordance with Section 5.7.5 of NFPA 58 or the weight determined by the required percentage of the water capacity marked on the container. Portable LP-gas containers shall not be refilled unless equipped with an overfilling prevention device (OPD) where required by Section 5.7.3 of NFPA 58.
The point of transfer of LP-gas from one LP-gas container to another shall be separated from exposures as specified in NFPA 58.

6106.4 DOTn Cylinders Filled on Site

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
U.S. Department of Transportation (DOTn) cylinders in stationary service that are filled on site and therefore are not under the jurisdiction of DOTn either shall be requalified in accordance with DOTn requirements or shall be visually inspected within 12 years of the date of manufacture or within five years from May 1, 2008, whichever is later, and within every five years thereafter, in accordance with the following:
  1. Any cylinder that fails one or more of the criteria in Item 3 shall not be refilled or continued in service until the condition is corrected.
  2. Personnel shall be trained and qualified to perform inspections.
  3. Visual inspection shall be performed in accordance with the following:
    1. The cylinder is checked for exposure to fire, dents, cuts, digs, gouges, and corrosion according to CGA C-6, Standards for Visual Inspection of Steel Compressed Gas Cylinders, except that paragraph 4.2.1(1) of that standard (which requires tare weight certification), shall not be part of the required inspection criteria.
    2. The cylinder protective collar (where utilized) and the foot ring are intact and are firmly attached.
    3. The cylinder is painted or coated to retard corrosion.
    4. The cylinder pressure relief valve indicates no visible damage, corrosion of operating components, or obstructions.
    5. There is no leakage from the cylinder or its appurtenances that is detectable without the use of instruments.
    6. The cylinder is installed on a firm foundation and is not in contact with the soil.
    7. A cylinder that passed the visual inspection shall be marked with the month and year of the examination followed by the letter "E" (example: 10-01E, indicating requalification in October 2001 by the external inspection method).
    8. The results of the visual inspection shall be documented, and a record of the inspection shall be retained for a five-year period.
Exception: Any inspection procedure outlined in Items 3.1 through 3.8 that would require a cylinder be moved in such a manner that disconnection from the piping system would be necessary shall be omitted, provided the other inspection results do not indicate further inspection is warranted.
Safety devices on LP-gas containers, equipment and systems shall not be tampered with or made ineffective.
"No Smoking" signs complying with Section 310 shall be posted where required by the fire code official. Smoking within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a point of transfer, while filling operations are in progress at LP-gas containers or vehicles, shall be prohibited.

Control of other sources of ignition shall comply with Chapter 3 of this code and Section 6.23 of NFPA 58.
Weeds, grass, brush, trash and other combustible materials shall be kept not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from LP-gas tanks or containers.
Where exposed to vehicular damage due to proximity to alleys, driveways or parking areas, LP-gas containers, regulators and piping shall be protected in accordance with NFPA 58.

6108.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire protection for installations having LP-gas storage containers shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Portable fire extinguishers complying with Section 906 shall be provided as specified in NFPA 58.
Storage of portable LP-gas containers of 1,000 pounds (454 kg) or less, whether filled, partially filled or empty, at consumer sites or distribution points, and for resale by dealers or resellers shall comply with Sections 6109.2 through 6109.15.1.

Exceptions:
  1. LP-gas containers that have not previously been in LP-gas service.
  2. LP-gas containers at distribution plants.
  3. LP-gas containers at consumer sites or distribution points, which are connected for use.
LP-gas containers in storage shall be located in a manner that minimizes exposure to excessive temperature rise, physical damage or tampering.
LP-gas containers in storage having individual water capacity greater than 21/2 pounds (1 kg) [nominal 1-pound (0.454 kg) LP-gas capacity] shall be positioned with the pressure relief valve in direct communication with the vapor space of the container.
LP-gas containers stored in buildings in accordance with Sections 6109.9 and 6109.11 shall not be located near exit access doors, exits, stairways or in areas normally used, or intended to be used, as a means of egress.
Empty LP-gas containers that have been in LP-gas service shall be considered as full containers for the purpose of determining the maximum quantities of LP-gas allowed in Sections 6109.9 and 6109.11.
LP-gas containers that are not connected for use shall not be stored on roofs.
LP-gas containers shall not be stored in a basement, pit or similar location where heavier-than-air gas might collect. LP-gas containers shall not be stored in above-grade underfloor spaces or basements unless such location is provided with an approved means of ventilation.

Exception: Department of Transportation (DOTn) specification cylinders with a maximum water capacity of 21/2 pounds (1 kg) for use in completely self-contained hand torches and similar applications. The quantity of LP-gas shall not exceed 20 pounds (9 kg).
LP-gas container valves shall be protected by screw-on-type caps or collars that shall be securely in place on all containers stored regardless of whether they are full, partially full or empty. Container outlet valves shall be closed or plugged.
Department of Transportation (DOTn) specification cylinders with maximum water capacity of 21/2 pounds (1 kg) used in completely self-contained hand torches and similar applications are allowed to be stored or displayed in a building accessible to the public. The quantity of LP-gas shall not exceed 200 pounds (91 kg) except as provided in Section 6109.11.
The maximum quantity allowed in one storage location in buildings not accessible to the public, such as industrial buildings, shall not exceed a water capacity of 735 pounds (334 kg) [nominal 300 pounds (136 kg) of LP-gas]. Where additional storage locations are required on the same floor within the same building, they shall be separated by not less than 300 feet (91 440 mm). Storage beyond these limitations shall comply with Section 6109.11.
LP-gas containers carried as part of service equipment on highway mobile vehicles need not be considered in the total storage capacity in Section 6109.10, provided such vehicles are stored in private garages and do not carry more than three LP-gas containers with a total aggregate LP-gas capacity not exceeding 100 pounds (45.4 kg) per vehicle. LP-gas container valves shall be closed.
Storage within buildings or rooms used for gas manufacturing, gas storage, gas-air mixing and vaporization, and compressors not associated with liquid transfer shall comply with Sections 6109.11.1 and 6109.11.2.
The maximum quantity of LP-gas shall be 10,000 pounds (4540 kg).

6109.11.2 Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage outside of buildings of LP-gas containers awaiting use, resale or part of a cylinder exchange program shall be located in accordance with Table 6109.12.

TABLE 6109.12
SEPARATION FROM EXPOSURES OF LP-GASCONTAINERS AWAITING USE, RESALE OR EXCHANGE STORED OUTSIDE OF BUILDINGS
QUANTITY OF
LP-GAS STORED
(pounds)
MINIMUM SEPARATION DISTANCE FROM STORED LP-GAS CYLINDERS TO (feet):
Nearest important
building or group of
buildings or line of
adjoining property that
may be built upon
Line of adjoining property occupied
by schools, places of religious
worship, hospitals, athletic fields or
other points of public gathering;
busy thoroughfares; or sidewalks
LP-gas
dispensing
station
Doorway or
opening to a
building with two or
more means of
egress
Doorway or
opening to a
building with
one means of
egress
Combustible
materials
Motor
vehicle
fuel
dispenser
720 or less 0 0 5 5 10 10 20
721 — 2,500 0 10 10 5 10 10 20
2,501 — 6,000 10 10 10 10 10 10 20
6,001 — 10,000 20 20 20 20 20 10 20
Over 10,000 25 25 25 25 25 10 20
For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound = 0.454 kg.
LP-gas containers shall be stored within a suitable enclosure or otherwise protected against tampering. Vehicle impact protection shall be provided as required by Section 6107.4.

Exception: Vehicle impact protection shall not be required for protection of LP-gas containers where the containers are kept in lockable, ventilated cabinets of metal construction.
Where the provisions of Sections 6109.12 and 6109.13 are impractical at construction sites, or at buildings or structures undergoing major renovation or repairs, the storage of containers shall be as required by the fire code official.
In addition to other applicable requirements of this chapter, facilities operating LP-gas cylinder exchange stations that are accessible to the public shall comply with the following requirements.
  1. Cylinders shall be secured in a lockable, ventilated metal cabinet or other approved enclosure.
  2. Cylinders shall be accessible only by authorized personnel or by use of an automated exchange system in accordance with Section 6109.15.1.
  3. A sign shall be posted on the entry door of the business operating the cylinder exchange stating "DO NOT BRING LP-GAS CYLINDERS INTO THE BUILDING" or similar approved wording.
  4. An emergency contact information sign shall be posted within 10 feet (3048 mm) of the cylinder storage cabinet. The content, lettering, size, color and location of the required sign shall be as required by the fire code official.
Cylinder exchange stations that include an automated vending system for exchanging cylinders shall comply with the following additional requirements:
  1. The vending system shall only permit access to a single cylinder per individual transaction.
  2. Cabinets storing cylinders shall be designed such that cylinders can only be placed inside when they are oriented in the upright position.
  3. Devices operating door releases for access to stored cylinders shall be permitted to be pneumatic, mechanical or electrically powered.
  4. Electrical equipment inside of or within 5 feet (1524 mm) of a cabinet storing cylinders, including but not limited to electronics associated with vending operations, shall comply with the requirements for Class I, Division 2 equipment in accordance with NFPA 70.
  5. A manual override control shall be permitted for use by authorized personnel. On newly installed cylinder exchange stations, the vending system shall not be capable of returning to automatic operation after a manual override until the system has been inspected and reset by authorized personnel.
  6. Inspections shall be conducted by authorized personnel to verify that all cylinders are secured, access doors are closed and the station has no visible damage or obvious defects that necessitate placing the station out of service. The frequency of inspections shall be as specified by the fire code official.
LP-gas containers whose use has been temporarily discontinued shall comply with all of the following:
  1. Be disconnected from appliance piping.
  2. Have LP-gas container outlets, except relief valves, closed or plugged.
  3. Be positioned with the relief valve in direct communication with the LP-gas container vapor space.
LP-gas containers to be placed permanently out of service shall be removed from the site.
Parking of LP-gas tank vehicles shall comply with Sections 6111.2 and 6111.3.

Exception: In cases of accident, breakdown or other emergencies, LP-gas tank vehicles are allowed to be parked and left unattended at any location while the operator is obtaining assistance.

6111.2 Unattended Parking

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The unattended parking of LP-gas tank vehicles shall be in accordance with Sections 6111.2.1 and 6111.2.2.

Exception: The unattended outdoor parking of LP-gas tank vehicles may also be in accordance with Section 9.7.2 of NFPA 58.
LP-gas tank vehicles shall not be left unattended at any time on residential streets or within 500 feet (152 m) of a residential area, apartment or hotel complex, educational facility, hospital or care facility. Tank vehicles shall not be left unattended at any other place that would, in the opinion of the fire code official, pose an extreme life hazard.
LP-gas tank vehicles parked at any one point for longer than 1 hour shall be located as follows:
  1. Off public streets, highways, public avenues or public alleys.
  2. Inside of a bulk plant.
  3. At other approved locations not less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from buildings other than those approved for the storage or servicing of such vehicles.
Garaging of LP-gas tank vehicles shall be as specified in NFPA 58. Vehicles with LP-gas fuel systems are allowed to be stored or serviced in garages as specified in Section 11.16 of NFPA 58.
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