ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2015 (IFC 2015)

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

5001.1 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Prevention, control and mitigation of dangerous conditions related to storage, dispensing, use and handling of hazardous materials shall be in accordance with this chapter for operational usage. Quantities within buildings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

This chapter shall apply to all hazardous materials, including those materials regulated elsewhere in this code, except that where specific requirements are provided in other chapters, those specific requirements shall apply in accordance with the applicable chapter. Where a material has multiple hazards, all hazards shall be addressed.

Exceptions:
  1. In retail or wholesale sales occupancies, the quantities of medicines, foodstuff or consumer products, and cosmetics containing not more than 50% by volume of water-miscible liquids and with the remainder of the solutions not being flammable shall not be limited, provided such materials are packaged in individual containers not exceeding 1.3 gallons (5 L).
  2. Quantities of alcoholic beverages in retail or wholesale sales occupancies shall not be limited providing the liquids are packaged in individual containers not exceeding 1.3 gallons (5 L).
  3. Application and release of pesticide and agricultural products and materials intended for use in weed abatement, erosion control, soil amendment, or similar applications where applied in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and label directions.
  4. The offsite transportation of hazardous materials where in accordance with U.S. Department of Transportation regulations.
  5. Building materials not otherwise regulated by this code.
  6. Refrigeration systems (see Section 606).
  7. Stationary storage battery systems regulated by Section 608.
  8. The display, storage, sale or use of fireworks and explosives in accordance with Chapter 56.
  9. Corrosives utilized in personal and household products in the manufacturer's original consumer packaging in Group M occupancies.
  10. The storage of distilled spirits and wines in wooden barrels and casks.
  11. The use of wall-mounted dispensers containing alcohol-based hand rubs classified as Class I or II liquids where in accordance with Section 5705.5.

5001.1.1 Waiver

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Hazardous materials are those chemicals or substances defined as such in this code. Definitions of hazardous materials shall apply to all hazardous materials, including those materials regulated elsewhere in this code.
Mixtures shall be classified in accordance with hazards of the mixture as a whole. Mixtures of hazardous materials shall be classified in accordance with nationally recognized reference standards; by an approved qualified organization, individual, or Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS); or by other approved methods.
Hazardous materials shall be classified according to hazard categories. The categories include materials regulated by this chapter and materials regulated elsewhere in this code.
The material categories listed in this section are classified as physical hazards. A material with a primary classification as a physical hazard can also pose a health hazard.
  1. Explosives and blasting agents.
  2. Combustible liquids.
  3. Flammable solids, liquids and gases.
  4. Organic peroxide solids or liquids.
  5. Oxidizer, solids or liquids.
  6. Oxidizing gases.
  7. Pyrophoric solids, liquids or gases.
  8. Unstable (reactive) solids, liquids or gases.
  9. Water-reactive materials solids or liquids.
  10. Cryogenic fluids.
The material categories listed in this section are classified as health hazards. A material with a primary classification as a health hazard can also pose a physical hazard.
  1. Highly toxic and toxic materials.
  2. Corrosive materials.
Where approved by the fire code official, buildings and facilities where hazardous materials are stored, used or handled shall be permitted to comply with this section as an alternative to compliance with the other requirements set forth in this chapter and Chapters 51 through 67.
The objective of Section 5001.3 is to protect people and property from the consequences of unauthorized discharge, fires or explosions involving hazardous materials.
Performance-based design alternatives are based on the following functional statements:
  1. Provide safeguards to minimize the risk of unwanted releases, fires or explosions involving hazardous materials.
  2. Provide safeguards to minimize the consequences of an unsafe condition involving hazardous materials during normal operations and in the event of an abnormal condition.
Where safeguards, systems, documentation, written plans or procedures, audits, process hazards analysis, mitigation measures, engineering controls or construction features are required by Sections 5001.3.3.1 through 5001.3.3.18, the details of the design alternative shall be subject to approval by the fire code official. The details of actions granting the use of the design alternatives shall be recorded and entered in the files of the jurisdiction.
The physical- and health-hazard properties of hazardous materials on site shall be known and shall be made readily available to employees, neighbors and the fire code official.
Equipment and operations involving hazardous materials shall be designed, installed and maintained to ensure that they reliably operate as intended.
Safeguards shall be provided to minimize the risk of an unintentional reaction or release that could endanger people or property.
Spill containment systems or means to render a spill harmless to people or property shall be provided where a spill is determined to be a plausible event and where such an event would endanger people or property.
Safeguards shall be provided to minimize the risk of exposing combustible hazardous materials to unintended sources of ignition.
Safeguards shall be provided to minimize the risk of exposing hazardous materials to a fire or physical damage whereby such exposure could endanger or lead to the endangerment of people or property.
Safeguards shall be provided to minimize the risk of and limit damage from a fire or explosion involving explosive hazardous materials whereby such fire or explosion could endanger or lead to the endangerment of people or property.
Where a release of hazardous materials gas or vapor would cause immediate harm to persons or property, means of mitigating the dangerous effects of a release shall be provided.

5001.3.3.9 Reliable Power Source

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a power supply is relied upon to prevent or control an emergency condition that could endanger people or property, the power supply shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5001.3.3.10 Ventilation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where ventilation is required by the applicable building code maintained.
Process hazard analyses shall be conducted to ensure reasonably the protection of people and property from dangerous conditions involving hazardous materials.
Written documentation of pre-startup safety review procedures shall be developed and enforced to ensure that operations are initiated in a safe manner. The process of developing and updating such procedures shall involve the participation of affected employees.
Written documentation of operating procedures and procedures for emergency shut down shall be developed and enforced to ensure that operations are conducted in a safe manner. The process of developing and updating such procedures shall involve the participation of affected employees.
A written plan for management of change shall be developed and enforced. The process of developing and updating the plan shall involve the participation of affected employees.
A written emergency plan shall be developed to ensure that proper actions are taken in the event of an emergency, and the plan shall be followed if an emergency condition occurs. The process of developing and updating the plan shall involve the participation of affected employees.
Written procedures for investigation and documentation of accidents shall be developed, and accidents shall be investigated and documented in accordance with these procedures.
Where an accidental release of hazardous materials could endanger people or property, either on or off-site, an analysis of the expected consequences of a plausible release shall be performed and utilized in the analysis and selection of active and passive hazard mitigation controls.
Safety audits shall be conducted on a periodic basis to verify compliance with the requirements of this section.
For retail and wholesale storage and display of nonflammable solid and nonflammable or noncombustible liquid hazardous materials in Group M occupancies and storage in Group S occupancies, see Section 5003.11.

5001.5 Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 107.2.

5001.5.1 Hazardous Materials Management Plan

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where required by the fire code official, an application for a permit shall include a Hazardous Materials Management Plan (HMMP). The HMMP shall include a facility site plan designating the following:
  1. Access to each storage and use area.
  2. Location of emergency equipment.
  3. Location where liaison will meet emergency responders.
  4. Facility evacuation meeting point locations.
  5. The general purpose of other areas within the building.
  6. Location of all above-ground and underground tanks and their appurtenances including, but not limited to, sumps, vaults, below-grade treatment systems and piping.
  7. The hazard classes in each area.
  8. Locations of all control areas and Group H occupancies.
  9. Emergency exits.
The HMMP shall be maintained onsite for use by emergency responders and shall be updated not less than annually.

5001.5.2 Hazardous Materials Inventory Statement (HMIS)

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where required by the fire code official, an application for a permit shall include an HMIS, such as Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA) Title III, Tier II Report or other approved statement. The HMIS shall include the following information:
  1. Product name.
  2. Component.
  3. Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) number.
  4. Location where stored or used.
  5. Container size.
  6. Hazard classification.
  7. Amount in storage.
  8. Amount in use-closed systems.
  9. Amount in use-open systems.
The HMIS shall be maintained onsite or readily available through another means where approved by the fire code official for use by temporary responders, and shall be updated not less than annually.

5001.5.3 Repository Container

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When a HMMP or HMIS is required, the owner or operator shall provide a repository container (lock box) or other approved means for the storage of items required in Sections 5001.5.1 and 5001.5.2 so as to be readily available to emergency response personnel.

5001.5.3.1 Location and Identification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The repository container (lock box) shall be located, installed and identified in an approved manner.

5001.5.3.2 Keying

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All repository containers (lock boxes) shall be keyed as required by the fire code official.
Facilities shall be placed out of service in accordance with Sections 5001.6.1 through 5001.6.3.
Facilities that are temporarily out of service shall continue to maintain a permit and be monitored and inspected.
Facilities for which a permit is not kept current or is not monitored and inspected on a regular basis shall be deemed to be permanently out of service and shall be closed in an approved manner. Where required by the fire code official, permittees shall apply for approval to close permanently storage, use or handling facilities. The fire code official is authorized to require that such application be accompanied by an approved facility closure plan in accordance with Section 5001.6.3.
Where a facility closure plan is required in accordance with Section 5001.5 to terminate storage, dispensing, handling or use of hazardous materials, it shall be submitted to the fire code official not less than 30 days prior to facility closure. The plan shall demonstrate that hazardous materials that are stored, dispensed, handled or used in the facility will be transported, disposed of or reused in a manner that eliminates the need for further maintenance and any threat to public health and safety.

5001.7 Operational Requirements for Group B Teaching and Research Laboratories

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Teaching and research laboratories in Group B educational occupancies above the 12th grade utilizing Section 430 of the USBC, Part I, Construction, or Section 306.1 of the USBC, Part II, Existing Buildings, shall comply with this section and other applicable requirements of this code. In the case of conflicts between the requirements of Section 430 of the USBC, Part I, Construction, or Section 6 306.1 of the USBC, Part II, Existing Buildings, and provisions of this code other than those set out in this section, Section 430 of the USBC, Part I, Construction, or Section 306.1 of the USBC, Part II, Existing Buildings, as applicable, shall govern.

5001.7.1 Chemical Safety Reviews

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Operating and emergency procedures planning and documentation shall be as set out in Sections 5001.3.3.11 through 5001.3.3.17. Such documentation shall be prepared by laboratory safety personnel or special experts and shall be made available in the workplace for reference and review by employees. Copies of such documentation shall be furnished to the fire code official for review upon request.

5001.7.2 Hazardous Materials Handling

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Receiving, transporting on site, unpacking, and dispensing of hazardous materials shall be carried out by persons trained in proper handling of such materials and shall be performed in accordance with Chapters 50 through 67, as applicable.

5001.7.3 Hazard Identification Signage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Warning signs for other than building components shall be provided in accordance with Section 5003.5.

5001.7.4 Maintenance of Equipment, Machinery, and Processes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Maintenance of equipment, machinery, and processes used with hazardous materials shall comply with Section 5003.2.6.

5001.7.5 Time Sensitive Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Containers of materials that have the potential to become hazardous during prolonged storage shall be dated when first opened and shall be managed in accordance with NFPA 45, Section 8.2.4.4.1.

5001.7.6 Maintenance of Storage, Dispensing, Use, and Handling Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage, dispensing, use, and handling requirements in the USBC, Part I, Construction, or the USBC, Part II, Existing Buildings, shall be maintained. Operational requirements not affecting the manner of construction shall comply with this chapter and Chapters 51 through 67, as applicable.

5001.7.7 Hazardous Wastes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage, dispensing, use, and handling of hazardous waste shall comply with this chapter and Chapters 51 through 67, as applicable.

5001.7.8 Container Size

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The maximum container size for all hazardous materials shall be 5.3 gallons (20 L) for liquids, 50 pounds (23 kg) for solids, 100 cubic feet (2.8. m3) for health hazard gases per Table 5003.1.1(2), and 500 cubic feet (14 m3) for all other gases in accordance with Table 5003.1.1(1).

Exception: Hazardous waste collection containers, for other than Class I and Class II flammable liquids, are permitted to exceed 5.3 gallons (20 L) where approved.

5001.7.9 Density

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Quantities of Class I, II, and IIIA combustible or flammable liquids in storage and use within control areas or laboratory suites shall not exceed 8 gallons per 100 square feet (30 L/9.3 m2) of floor area, with not more than 4 gallons per 100 square feet (15 L/9.3 m2) being in use. Quantities of Class I flammable liquids in storage and use shall not exceed 4 gallons per 100 square feet (15 L/9.3 m2) of floor area with not more than 2 gallons (7.5 L) being in use. The maximum in use in open systems is limited to 10% of these quantities. Densities shall be reduced by 25% on the 4th-floor through 6th-floor levels above grade plane of the building and 50% above the 6th-floor level. The density is to be reduced to 50% of these values for buildings that are not protected throughout with an approved automatic fire sprinkler system. Regardless of the density, the maximum allowable quantity per control area or laboratory suite shall not be exceeded.

Exception: Density limits may be exceeded in designated hazardous waste collection areas or rooms within a control area or laboratory suite, but stored quantities shall not exceed the maximum allowable quantity per laboratory suite or control area.

5001.7.10 Restricted Materials in Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage of pyrophorics and Class 4 oxidizers prohibited by Table 5003.1.1(1) in existing buildings not equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 of the USBC, Part I, Construction, shall be allowed within a control area at 25% of the limits in Table 5003.1.1(1) for a building equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system, with no additional increases allowed, provided that such materials are stored in accordance with all of the following:
  1. Containers shall be completely sealed and stored according to the manufacturer's recommendations.
  2. Storage shall be within approved hazardous materials storage cabinets in accordance with Section 5003.8.7 or shall be located in an inert atmosphere glove box in accordance with NFPA 45, Section 7.11.
  3. The storage cabinet or glove box shall not contain any storage of incompatible materials.

5001.7.11 Restricted Materials in Use

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Use of pyrophorics and Class 4 oxidizers prohibited by Table 5003.1.1(1) in existing buildings not equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 of the USBC, Part I, Construction, shall be allowed within a control area at 25% of the limits in Table 5003.1.1(1) for buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system, with no additional increases allowed, provided that such materials are used in accordance with all of the following:
  1. Use shall be within an approved chemical fume hood listed in accordance with UL 1805, or in an inert atmosphere glove box in accordance with NFPA 45, Section 7.11, or other approved equipment designed for the specific hazard of the material.
  2. Combustible materials shall be kept at least 2 feet (610 mm) away from the work area, except for those items directly related to the research.
  3. A portable fire extinguisher appropriate for the specific material shall be provided within 20 feet (6096 mm) of the use in accordance with Section 906.
The storage, use and handling of all hazardous materials shall be in accordance with this section.

5003.1.1 Maximum Allowable Quantity Per Control Area

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The maximum allowable quantity per control area shall be as specified in Tables 5003.1.1(1) through 5003.1.1(4).

For retail and wholesale storage and display in Group M occupancies and Group S storage, see Section 5003.11.

TABLE 5003.1.1(1) MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE QUANTITY PER CONTROL AREA OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS POSING A PHYSICAL HAZARDa, j, m, n, p

MATERIAL CLASS GROUP WHEN
THE MAXIMUM
ALLOWABLE
QUANTITY IS
EXCEEDED
STORAGEb USE-CLOSED SYSTEMSb USE-OPEN SYSTEMSb
Solid
pounds
(cubic feet)
Liquid
gallons
(pounds)
Gas
(cubic feet
at NTP)
Solid
pounds
(cubic feet)
Liquid
gallons
(pounds)
Gas
(cubic feet
at NTP)
Solid
pounds
(cubic feet)
Liquid
gallons
(pounds)
Combustible
dust
NA H-2 See Note q NA NA See Note q NA NA See Note q NA
Combustible
fibersq
Loose
Baledo
H-3 (100)
(1,000)
NA NA (100)
(1,000)
NA NA (20)
(200)
NA
Combustible
liquidc, i
II
IIIA
IIIB
H-2 or H-3
H-2 or H-3
NA
NA 120d,e
330d, e
13,200e, f
NA NA 120d
330d
13,200f
NA NA 30d
80d
3,300f
Consumer
fireworks
1.4G H-3 125 e, l NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Cryogenic
Flammable
NA H-2 NA 45d NA NA 45d NA NA 10d
Cryogenic
Inert
NA NA NA NA NL NA NA NL NA NA
Cryogenic
Oxidizing
NA H-3 NA 45d NA NA 45d NA NA 10d
Explosives Division 1.1
Division 1.2
Division 1.3
Division 1.4
Division 1.4G
Division 1.5
Division 1.6
H-1
H-1
H-1 or H-2
H-3
H-3
H-1
H-1
1e, g
1e, g
5e, g
50e, g
125d, e, l
1e, g
1e, g
(1)e, g
(1)e, g
(5)e, g
(50)e, g
NA
(1)e,g
NA
NA 0.25g
0.25g
1g
50g
NA
0.25g
NA
(0.25)g
(0.25)g
(1)g
(50)g
NA
(0.25)g
NA
NA 0.25g
0.25g
1g
NA
NA
0.25g
NA
(0.25)g
(0.25)g
(1)g
NA
NA
(0.25)g
NA
Flammable
gas
Gaseous
Liquefied
H-2 NA NA
(150)d, e
1,000d, e
NA
NA NA
(150)d, e
1,000d, e
NA
NA NA
Flammable
liquidc
IA

IB and IC
H-2
or
H-3
NA 30d, e

120d, e
NA NA 30d

120d
NA NA 10d

30d
Flammable
liquid,
combination
(IA, IB, IC)
NA H-2
or
H-3
NA 120d, e, h NA NA 120d, h NA NA 30d, h
Flammable
solid
NA H-3 125d, e NA NA 125d NA NA 25d NA


(continued)

TABLE 5003.1.1(1)—continued MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE QUANTITY PER CONTROL AREA OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS POSING A PHYSICAL HAZARDa, j, m, n, p

MATERIAL CLASS GROUP WHEN
THE MAXIMUM
ALLOWABLE
QUANTITY IS
EXCEEDED
STORAGEb USE-CLOSED SYSTEMSb USE-OPEN SYSTEMSb
Solid
pounds
(cubic feet)
Liquid
gallons
(pounds)
Gas
(cubic feet
at NTP)
Solid
pounds
(cubic feet)
Liquid
gallons
(pounds)
Gas
(cubic feet
at NTP)
Solid
pounds
(cubic feet)
Liquid
gallons
(pounds)
Inert Gas Gaseous
Liquefied
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NL
NL
NA
NA
NA
NA
NL
NL
NA
NA
NA
NA
Organic peroxide UD
I
II
III
IV
V
H-1
H-2
H-3
H-3
NA
NA
1e, g
5d, e
50d, e
125d, e
NL
NL
(1)e, g
(5)d, e
(50)d, e
(125)d, e
NL
NL
NA 0.25g
1d
50d
125d
NL
NL
(0.25)g
(1)d
(50)d
(125)d
NL
NL
NA 0.25g
1d
10d
25d
NL
NL
(0.25)g
(1)d
(10)d
(25)d
NL
NL
Oxidizer 4
3k
2
1
H-1
H-2 or H-3
H-3
NA
1g
10d, e
250d, e
4,000e, f
(1)e, g
(10)d, e
(250)d, e
(4,000)e,f
NA 0.25g
2d
250d
4,000f
(0.25)g
(2)d
(250)d
(4,000)f
NA 0.25g
2d
50d
1,000f
(0.25)g
(2)d
(50)d
(1,000)f
Oxidizing gas Gaseous
Liquefied
H-3 NA NA
(150)d, e
1,500d, e
NA
NA NA
(150)d, e
1,500d, e
NA
NA NA
Pyrophoric NA H-2 4e, g (4)e, g 50e, g 1g (1)g 10e, g 0 0
Unstable (reactive) 4
3
2
1
H-1
H-1 or H-2
H-3
NA
1e, g
5d, e
50d, e
NL
(1)e, g
(5)d, e
(50)d, e
NL
10e, g
50d, e
750d, e
NL
0.25g
1d
50d
NL
(0.25)g
(1)d
(50)d
NL
2e, g
10d, e
750d, e
NL
0.25g
1d
10d
NL
(0.25)g
(1)d
(10)d
NL
Water reactive 3
2
1
H-2
H-3
NA
5d, e
50d, e
NL
(5)d, e
(50)d, e
NL
NA 5d
50d
NL
(5)d
(50)d
NL
NA 1d
10d
NL
(1)d
(10)d
NL
Permissible fireworks 1.4G H-3 125d,e,l NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

For SI: 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3, 1 pound = 0.454 kg, 1 gallon = 3.785 L.
NA = Not Applicable, NL = Not Limited, UD = Unclassified Detonable.
a. For use of control areas, see Section 5003.8.3.
b. The aggregate quantity in use and storage shall not exceed the quantity listed for storage.
c. The quantities of alcoholic beverages in retail and wholesale sales occupancies shall not be limited providing the liquids are packaged in individual containers not exceeding 1.3 gallons. In retail and wholesale sales occupancies, the quantities of medicines, foodstuff or consumer products and cosmetics containing not more than 50 percent by volume of water-miscible liquids with the remainder of the solutions not being flammable shall not be limited, provided that such materials are packaged in individual containers not exceeding 1.3 gallons.
d. Maximum allowable quantities shall be increased 100 percent in buildings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1. Where Note e also applies, the increase for both notes shall be applied accumulatively.
e. Maximum allowable quantities shall be increased 100 percent where stored in approved storage cabinets, day boxes, gas cabinets, gas rooms, exhausted enclosures or in listed safety cans in accordance with Section 5003.9.10. Where Note d also applies, the increase for both notes shall be applied accumulatively.
f. Quantities shall not be limited in a building equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1.
g. Allowed only in buildings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system.
h. Containing not more than the maximum allowable quantity per control area of Class IA, Class IB or Class IC flammable liquids.
i. The maximum allowable quantity shall not apply to fuel oil storage complying with Section 603.3.2.
j. Quantities in parenthesis indicate quantity units in parenthesis at the head of each column.
k. A maximum quantity of 200 pounds of solid or 20 gallons of liquid Class 3 oxidizers is allowed where such materials are necessary for maintenance purposes, operation or sanitation of equipment where the storage containers and the manner of storage are approved.
l. Net weight of pyrotechnic composition of the fireworks. Where the net weight of the pyrotechnic composition of the fireworks is not known, 25 percent of the gross weight of the fireworks including packaging shall be used.
m. For gallons of liquids, divide the amount in pounds by 10 in accordance with Section 5003.1.2.
n. For storage and display quantities in Group M and storage quantities in Group S occupancies complying with Section 5003.11, see Table 5003.11.1.
o. Densely-packed baled cotton that complies with the packing requirements of ISO 8115 shall not be included in this material class.
p. The following shall not be included in determining the maximum allowable quantities:
1. Liquid or gaseous fuel in fuel tanks on vehicles.
2. Liquid or gaseous fuel in fuel tanks on motorized equipment operated in accordance with this code.
3. Gaseous fuels in piping systems and fixed appliances regulated by the International Fuel Gas Code.
4. Liquid fuels in piping systems and fixed appliances regulated by the International Mechanical Code.
5. Alcohol-based hand rubs classified as Class I or II liquids in dispensers that are installed in accordance with Sections 5705.5 and 5705.5.1. The location of the alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) dispensers shall be provided in the construction documents.
q. Where manufactured, generated or used in such a manner that the concentration and conditions create a fire or explosion hazard based on information prepared in accordance with Section 104.7.2.


TABLE 5003.1.1(2) MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE QUANTITY PER CONTROL AREA OF HAZARDOUS MATERIAL POSING A HEALTH HAZARDa, c, f, h, i

MATERIAL STORAGEb USE-CLOSED SYSTEMSb USE-OPEN SYSTEMSb
Solid poundsd, e Liquid gallons
(pounds)d, e
Gas cubic feet at NTP
(pounds)d
Solid poundsd Liquid gallons
(pounds)d
Gas cubic feet at NTP
(pounds)d
Solid poundsd Liquid gallons
(pounds)
d
Corrosives 5,000 500 Gaseous 810e
Liquefied (150)
5,000 500 Gaseous 810e
Liquefied (150)
1,000 100
Highly Toxics 10 (10) Gaseous 20g
Liquefied (4)g
10 (10) Gaseous 20g
Liquified (4)g
3 (3)
Toxics 500 (500) Gaseous 810e
Liquefied (150)e
500 (500) Gaseous 810e
Liquefied (150)e
125 (125)

For SI: 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3, 1 pound = 0.454 kg, 1 gallon = 3.785 L.
a. For use of control areas, see Section 5003.8.3.
b. The aggregate quantity in use and storage shall not exceed the quantity listed for storage.
c. In retail and wholesale sales occupancies, the quantities of medicines, foodstuff or consumer products and cosmetics, containing not more than 50 percent by volume of water-miscible liquids and with the remainder of the solutions not being flammable, shall not be limited, provided that such materials are packaged in individual containers not exceeding 1.3 gallons.
d. Maximum allowable quantities shall be increased 100 percent in buildings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1. Where Note e also applies, the increase for both notes shall be applied accumulatively.
e. Maximum allowable quantities shall be increased 100 percent where stored in approved storage cabinets, gas cabinets or exhausted enclosures. Where Note d also applies, the increase for both notes shall be applied accumulatively.
f. For storage and display quantities in Group M and storage quantities in Group S occupancies complying with Section 5003.11, see Table 5003.11.1.
g. Allowed only where stored in approved exhausted gas cabinets or exhausted enclosures.
h. Quantities in parentheses indicate quantity units in parentheses at the head of each column.
i. For gallons of liquids, divide the amount in pounds by 10 in accordance with Section 5003.1.2.


TABLE 5003.1.1(3) MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE QUANTITY PER CONTROL AREA OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS POSING A PHYSICAL HAZARD IN AN OUTDOOR CONTROL AREAa, b, c, d

MATERIAL CLASS STORAGEb USE-CLOSED SYSTEMSb USE-OPEN SYSTEMSb
Solid pounds
(cubic feet)
Liquid gallons
(pounds)d
Gas cubic feet at NTP Solid pounds
(cubic feet)
Liquid gallons
(pounds)d
Gas cubic feet at NTP Solid pounds
(cubic feet)
Liquid gallons
(pounds)d
Flammable gas Gaseous
Liquefied
Not Applicable Not Applicable
(300)
3,000
Not Applicable
Not Applicable Not Applicable
(150)
1,500
Not Applicable
Not Applicable Not Applicable
Flammable solid Not Applicable 500 Not Applicable Not Applicable 250 Not Applicable Not Applicable 50 Not Applicable
Inert Gas

Cryogenic inert
Gaseous
Liquefied
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Limited
Not Limited
Not Limited
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Limited
Not Limited
Not Limited
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Organic peroxide Unclassified
Detonable
1 (1) Not Applicable 0.25 (0.25) Not Applicable 0.25 (0.25)
Organic peroxide I
II
III
IV
V
20
200
500
1,000
Not Limited
(20)
(200)
(500)
(1,000)
Not Limited
Not
Applicable
10
100
250
500
Not Limited
(10)
(100)
(250)
(500)
Not Limited
Not
Applicable
2
20
50
100
Not Limited
(2)
(20)
(50)
(100)
Not Limited
Oxidizer 4
3
2
1
2
40
1,000
Not Limited
(2)
(40)
(1,000)
Not Limited
Not
Applicable
1
20
500
Not Limited
(1)
(20)
(500)
Not Limited
Not
Applicable
0.25
4
100
Not Limited
(0.25)
(4)
(100)
Not Limited
Oxidizing gas Gaseous
Liquefied
Not
Applicable
Not Applicable
(600)
6,000
Not Applicable
Not
Applicable
Not Applicable
(300)
1,500
Not Applicable
Not
Applicable
Not
Applicable
Pyrophoric
materials
Not
Applicable
8 (8) 100 4 (4) 10 0 0
Unstable
(reactive)
4
3
2
1
2
20
200
Not Limited
(2)
(20)
(200)
Not Limited
20
200
1,000
1,500
1
10
100
Not Limited
(1)
(10)
(100)
Not Limited
2
10
250
Not Limited
0.25
1
10
Not Limited
(0.25)
(1)
(10)
Not Limited
Water reactive 3
2
1
20
200
Not Limited
(20)
(200)
Not Limited
Not
Applicable
10
100
Not Limited
(10)
(100)
Not Limited
Not
Applicable
1
10
Not Limited
(1)
(10)
Not Limited

For SI: 1 pound = 0.454 kg, 1 gallon = 3.785 L, 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3.
a. For gallons of liquids, divide the amount in pounds by 10 in accordance with Section 5003.1.2.
b. The aggregate quantities in storage and use shall not exceed the quantity listed for storage.
c. The aggregate quantity of nonflammable solid and nonflammable or noncombustible liquid hazardous materials allowed in outdoor storage per single property under the same ownership or control used for retail or wholesale sales is allowed to exceed the maximum allowable quantity per control area where such storage is in accordance with Section 5003.11.
d. Quantities in parentheses indicate quantity units in parentheses at the head of each column.


TABLE 5003.1.1(4) MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE QUANTITY PER CONTROL AREA OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS POSING A HEALTH HAZARD IN AN OUTDOOR CONTROL AREAa, b, c, f

MATERIAL STORAGE USE-CLOSED SYSTEMS USE-OPEN SYSTEMS
Solid pounds Liquid gallons
(pounds)
Gas cubic feet at NTP
(pounds)
Solid pounds Liquid gallons
(pounds)
Gas cubic feet at NTP
(pounds)
Solid pounds Liquid gallons
(pounds)
Corrosives 20,000 2,000 Gaseous 1,620
Liquefied (300)
10,000 1,000 Gaseous 810
Liquefied (150)
1,000 100
Highly toxics 20 (20) Gaseous 40d
Liquefied (8)d
10 (10) Gaseous 20d
Liquefied (4)d
3 (3)
Toxics 1,000 (1,000)e Gaseous 1,620
Liquefied (300)
500 50e Gaseous 810
Liquefied (150)
125 (125)e

For SI: 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3, 1 pound = 0.454 kg, 1 gallon = 3.785 L, 1 pound per square inch absolute = 6.895 kPa,°C = [(°F)-32/1.8].
a. For gallons of liquids, divide the amount in pounds by 10 in accordance with Section 5003.1.2.
b. The aggregate quantities in storage and use shall not exceed the quantity listed for storage.
c. The aggregate quantity of nonflammable solid and nonflammable or noncombustible liquid hazardous materials allowed in outdoor storage per single property under the same ownership or control used for retail or wholesale sales is allowed to exceed the maximum allowable quantity per control area where such storage is in accordance with Section 5003.11.
d. Allowed only where used in approved exhausted gas cabinets, exhausted enclosures or under fume hoods.
e. The maximum allowable quantity per control area for toxic liquids with vapor pressures in excess of 1 psia at 77°F shall be the maximum allowable quantity per control area listed for highly toxic liquids.
f. Quantities in parentheses indicate quantity units in parentheses at the head of each column.
Where quantities are indicated in pounds and where the weight per gallon of the liquid is not provided to the fire code official, a conversion factor of 10 pounds per gallon (1.2 kg/L) shall be used.

5003.1.3 Quantities Not Exceeding the Maximum Allowable Quantity Per Control Area

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5003.1.4 Quantities Exceeding the Maximum Allowable Quantity Per Control Area

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5003.2 Systems, Equipment and Processes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Systems, equipment and processes utilized for storage, dispensing, use or handling of hazardous materials shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.2.1 Design and Construction of Containers, Cylinders and Tanks

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Portable containers and cylinders shall be designed and constructed in accordance with approved standards. Containers, cylinders, and other means used for containment of hazardous materials shall be of an approved type. Pressure vessels not meeting U.S. Department of Transportation requirements for transportation shall comply with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.

Tanks shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.2.2 Piping, Tubing, Valves and Fittings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Piping, tubing, valves, and fittings conveying hazardous materials shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.2.2.1 Design and Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5003.2.2.2 Additional Regulations for Supply Piping for Health-Hazard Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Supply piping and tubing for gases and liquids shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.2.3 Equipment, Machinery and Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Equipment and machinery associated with the use, storage or handling of hazardous materials shall be listed or approved.
Installation of tanks shall be in accordance with Sections 5003.2.4.1 through 5003.2.4.2.1.

5003.2.4.1 Underground Tanks

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Underground tanks used for the storage of liquid hazardous materials shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.2.4.2 Above-Ground Tanks

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Aboveground stationary tanks used for the storage of hazardous materials shall be maintained in accordance with the requirements for outdoor storage of the particular material involved.
Above-ground stationary tanks shall be marked as required by Section 5003.5.
Empty containers and tanks previously used for the storage of hazardous materials shall be free from residual material and vapor as defined by DOTn, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) or other regulating authority or maintained as specified for the storage of hazardous material.
In addition to the requirements of Section 5003.2.3, equipment, machinery and required detection and alarm systems associated with hazardous materials shall be maintained in an operable condition. Defective containers, cylinders and tanks shall be removed from service, repaired or disposed of in an approved manner. Defective equipment or machinery shall be removed from service and repaired or replaced. Required detection and alarm systems shall be replaced or repaired where defective.
Stationary tanks not used for a period of 90 days shall be properly safeguarded or removed in an approved manner. Such tanks shall have the fill line, gauge opening and pump connection secured against tampering. Vent lines shall be properly maintained.
Tanks that are to be placed back in service shall be tested in an approved manner.
Defective containers and tanks shall be removed from service, repaired in accordance with approved standards or disposed of in an approved manner.

5003.2.7 Liquid-Level Limit Control

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5003.2.8 Seismic Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where provided, bracing and anchoring for machinery and equipment utilizing hazardous materials shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The equipment, devices and systems listed in Section 5003.2.9.1 shall be tested at the time of installation and at one of the intervals listed in Section 5003.2.9.2. Records of the tests conducted or maintenance performed shall be maintained in accordance with the provisions of Section 107.3.

Exceptions:
  1. Periodic testing shall not be required where approved written documentation is provided stating that testing will damage the equipment, device or system and the equipment, device or system is maintained as specified by the manufacturer.
  2. Periodic testing shall not be required for equipment, devices and systems that fail in a fail-safe manner.
  3. Periodic testing shall not be required for equipment, devices and systems that self-diagnose and report trouble. Records of the self-diagnosis and trouble reporting shall be made available to the fire code official.
  4. Periodic testing shall not be required if system activation occurs during the required test cycle for the components activated during the test cycle.
  5. Approved maintenance in accordance with Section 5003.2.6 that is performed not less than annually or in accordance with an approved schedule shall be allowed to meet the testing requirements set forth in Sections 5003.2.9.1 and 5003.2.9.2.

5003.2.9.1 Equipment, Devices and Systems Requiring Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The following equipment, systems, and devices shall be tested in accordance with Sections 5003.2.9 and 5003.2.9.2.
  1. Gas detection systems, alarms, and automatic emergency shutoff valves required by Section 6004.2.2.10 for highly toxic and toxic gases.
  2. Limit control systems for liquid level, temperature and pressure required by Sections 5004.8 and 5005.1.4.
  3. Emergency alarm systems and supervision required by Sections 5004.9 and 5005.4.4.
  4. Monitoring and supervisory systems required by the applicable building code.
  5. Manually activated shutdown controls required by the applicable building code for compressed gas systems conveying pyrophoric gases.
The equipment, systems and devices listed in Section 5003.2.9.1 shall be tested at one of the frequencies listed below:
  1. Not less than annually.
  2. In accordance with the approved manufacturer's requirements.
  3. In accordance with approved recognized industry standards.
  4. In accordance with an approved schedule.
Hazardous materials in any quantity shall not be released into a sewer, storm drain, ditch, drainage canal, creek, stream, river, lake or tidal waterway or on the ground, sidewalk, street, highway or into the atmosphere.

Exceptions:
  1. The release or emission of hazardous materials is allowed where in compliance with federal, state or local governmental agencies, regulations or permits.
  2. The release of pesticides is allowed where used in accordance with registered label directions.
  3. The release of fertilizer and soil amendments is allowed where used in accordance with manufacturer's specifications.
Where hazardous materials are released in quantities reportable under state, federal or local regulations, the fire code official shall be notified and the following procedures required in accordance with Sections 5003.3.1.1 through 5003.3.1.4.
Records of the unauthorized discharge of hazardous materials by the permittee shall be maintained.
Provisions shall be made for controlling and mitigating unauthorized discharges.
Where an unauthorized discharge caused by primary container failure is discovered, the involved primary container shall be repaired or removed from service.

5003.3.1.4 Responsibility for Cleanup

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The person, firm, or corporation responsible for an unauthorized discharge shall institute and complete all actions necessary to remedy the effects of such unauthorized discharge, whether sudden or gradual, at no cost to the jurisdiction. The fire code official may require records and receipts to verify cleanup and proper disposal of unauthorized discharges. When deemed necessary by the fire code official, cleanup may be initiated by the fire department or by an authorized individual or firm. Costs associated with such cleanup shall be the responsibility of the owner, operator, or other person responsible for the unauthorized discharge.

Note: Owners and operators of certain underground and aboveground petroleum storage tanks may have access to the Virginia Petroleum Storage Tank Fund for reimbursement of some cleanup costs associated with petroleum discharges from these tanks. See Article 10 (§ 62.1-44.34:10 et seq.) of Title 62.1of the Code of Virginia.
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) shall be readily available on the premises for hazardous materials regulated by this chapter. Where a hazardous substance is developed in a laboratory, available information shall be documented.

Exception: Designated hazardous waste.
Unless otherwise exempted by the fire code official, visible hazard identification signs as specified in NFPA 704 for the specific material contained shall be placed on stationary containers and above-ground tanks and at entrances to locations where hazardous materials are stored, dispensed, used or handled in quantities requiring a permit and at specific entrances and locations designated by the fire code official.
Individual containers, cartons or packages shall be conspicuously marked or labeled in an approved manner. Rooms or cabinets containing compressed gases shall be conspicuously labeled: COMPRESSED GAS.
Signs and markings required by Sections 5003.5 and 5003.5.1 shall not be obscured or removed, shall be in English as a primary language or in symbols allowed by this code, shall be durable, and the size, color and lettering shall be approved.
Sources of ignition shall comply with Sections 5003.7.1 through 5003.7.3.
Smoking shall be prohibited and "No Smoking" signs provided as follows:
  1. In rooms or areas where hazardous materials are stored or dispensed or used in open systems in amounts requiring a permit in accordance with Section 5001.5.
  2. Within 25 feet (7620 mm) of outdoor storage, dispensing or open use areas.
  3. Facilities or areas within facilities that have been designated as totally "no smoking" shall have "No Smoking" signs placed at all entrances to the facility or area. Designated areas within such facilities where smoking is permitted either permanently or temporarily, shall be identified with signs designating that smoking is permitted in these areas only.
  4. In rooms or areas where flammable or combustible hazardous materials are stored, dispensed or used.
Signs required by this section shall be in English as a primary language or in symbols allowed by this code and shall comply with Section 310.
Open flames and high-temperature devices shall not be used in a manner that creates a hazardous condition and shall be listed for use with the hazardous materials stored or used.
Powered industrial trucks used in areas designated as hazardous (classified) locations in accordance with NFPA 70 shall be listed and labeled for use in the environment intended in accordance with NFPA 505.

5003.8 Construction Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5003.8.1 Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Buildings, or portions thereof, in which hazardous materials are stored, handled or used shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.8.2 Required Detached Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5003.8.3 Control Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Control areas shall comply with Sections 5003.8.3.2 through 5003.8.3.4.

5003.8.3.1 Construction Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5003.8.3.2 Percentage of Maximum Allowable Quantities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The percentage of maximum allowable quantities of hazardous materials per control area allowed at each floor level within a building shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.8.3.3 Number

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The maximum number of control areas per floor within a building shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.8.3.4 Fire-Resistance-Rating Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The required fire-resistance rating for control areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.8.3.5 Hazardous Material in Group M Display and Storage Areas and in Group S Storage Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5003.8.4 Gas Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5003.8.4.1 Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5003.8.4.2 Ventilation System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The ventilation system for gas rooms shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.8.5 Exhausted Enclosures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where an exhausted enclosure is used to increase maximum allowable quantity per control area, the exhausted enclosure shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.8.5.1 Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5003.8.5.2 Ventilation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The ventilation system for exhausted enclosures shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.8.5.3 Fire-Extinguishing System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire-extinguishing systems required for exhaust enclosures shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where a gas cabinet is used to increase the maximum allowable quantity per control area or where the location of compressed gases in gas cabinets is provided to comply with the provisions of Chapter 60, the gas cabinet shall be in accordance with Sections 5003.8.6.1 through 5003.8.6.3.
Gas cabinets shall be constructed in accordance with the following:
  1. Constructed of not less than 0.097-inch (2.5 mm) (No. 12 gage) steel.
  2. Be provided with self-closing limited access ports or noncombustible windows to give access to equipment controls.
  3. Be provided with self-closing doors.
  4. Gas cabinet interiors shall be treated, coated or constructed of materials that are compatible with the hazardous materials stored. Such treatment, coating or construction shall include the entire interior of the cabinet.

5003.8.6.2 Ventilation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The ventilation system for gas cabinets shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The number of cylinders contained in a single gas cabinet shall not exceed three.
Where storage cabinets are used to increase maximum allowable quantity per control area or to comply with this chapter, such cabinets shall be in accordance with Sections 5003.8.7.1 and 5003.8.7.2.
The interior of cabinets shall be treated, coated or constructed of materials that are nonreactive with the hazardous material stored. Such treatment, coating or construction shall include the entire interior of the cabinet. Cabinets shall either be listed in accordance with UL 1275 as suitable for the intended storage or constructed in accordance with the following:
  1. Cabinets shall be of steel having a thickness of not less than 0.0478 inch (1.2 mm) (No. 18 gage). The cabinet, including the door, shall be double walled with a 11/2-inch (38 mm) airspace between the walls. Joints shall be riveted or welded and shall be tight fitting. Doors shall be well fitted, self-closing and equipped with a self-latching device.
  2. The bottoms of cabinets utilized for the storage of liquids shall be liquid tight to a minimum height of 2 inches (51 mm).
Electrical equipment and devices within cabinets used for the storage of hazardous gases or liquids shall be in accordance with NFPA 70.
Cabinets shall be clearly identified in an approved manner with red letters on a contrasting background to read:

HAZARDOUS—KEEP FIRE AWAY.
General precautions for the safe storage, handling or care of hazardous materials shall be in accordance with Sections 5003.9.1 through 5003.9.10.
Persons responsible for the operation of areas in which hazardous materials are stored, dispensed, handled or used shall be familiar with the chemical nature of the materials and the appropriate mitigating actions necessary in the event of fire, leak or spill.
Responsible persons shall be designated and trained to be liaison personnel to the fire department. These persons shall aid the fire department in preplanning emergency responses and identifying the locations where hazardous materials are located, and shall have access to Material Safety Data Sheets and be knowledgeable in the site's emergency response procedures.
Storage, dispensing, use and handling areas shall be secured against unauthorized entry and safeguarded in a manner approved by the fire code official.
Guard posts or other approved means shall be provided to protect storage tanks and connected piping, valves and fittings; dispensing areas; and use areas subject to vehicular damage in accordance with Section 312.
Electrical wiring and equipment shall be installed and maintained in accordance with NFPA 70.
Where processes or conditions exist where a flammable mixture could be ignited by static electricity, means shall be provided to prevent the accumulation of a static charge.
Materials that are sensitive to light shall be stored in containers designed to protect them from such exposure.
Materials that are shock sensitive shall be padded, suspended or otherwise protected against accidental dislodgement and dislodgement during seismic activity.
Incompatible materials in storage and storage of materials that are incompatible with materials in use shall be separated where the stored materials are in containers having a capacity of more than 5 pounds (2 kg) or 0.5 gallon (2 L). Separation shall be accomplished by:
  1. Segregating incompatible materials in storage by a distance of not less than 20 feet (6096 mm).
  2. Isolating incompatible materials in storage by a noncombustible partition extending not less than 18 inches (457 mm) above and to the sides of the stored material.
  3. Storing liquid and solid materials in hazardous material storage cabinets.
  4. Storing compressed gases in gas cabinets or exhausted enclosures in accordance with Sections 5003.8.5 and 5003.8.6. Materials that are incompatible shall not be stored within the same cabinet or exhausted enclosure.

5003.9.9 Shelf Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Shelving shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Shelf storage of hazardous materials shall be maintained in an orderly manner.
Safety cans shall be listed in accordance with UL 30 where used to increase the maximum allowable quantities per control area of flammable or combustible liquids in accordance with Table 5003.1.1(1). Safety cans listed in accordance with UL 1313 are allowed for flammable and combustible liquids where not used to increase the maximum allowable quantities per control area and for other hazardous material liquids in accordance with the listing.
In addition to the requirements of Section 5003.2, the handling and transportation of hazardous materials in corridors or enclosures for stairways and ramps shall be in accordance with Sections 5003.10.1 through 5003.10.3.6.
Hazardous material gas containers, cylinders and tanks in transit shall have their protective caps in place. Containers, cylinders and tanks of highly toxic or toxic compressed gases shall have their valve outlets capped or plugged with an approved closure device in accordance with Chapter 53.
Liquids in containers exceeding 5 gallons (19 L) in a corridor or enclosure for a stairway or ramp shall be transported on a cart or truck. Containers of hazardous materials having a hazard ranking of 3 or 4 in accordance with NFPA 704 and transported within corridors or interior exit stairways and ramps, shall be on a cart or truck. Where carts and trucks are required for transporting hazardous materials, they shall be in accordance with Section 5003.10.3.

Exceptions:
  1. Two hazardous material liquid containers that are hand carried in acceptable safety carriers.
  2. Not more than four drums not exceeding 55 gallons (208 L) each that are transported by suitable drum trucks.
  3. Containers and cylinders of compressed gases that are transported by approved hand trucks, and containers and cylinders not exceeding 25 pounds (11 kg) that are hand carried.
  4. Solid hazardous materials not exceeding 100 pounds (45 kg) that are transported by approved hand trucks, and a single container not exceeding 50 pounds (23 kg) that is hand carried.
Carts and trucks required by Section 5003.10.2 to be used to transport hazardous materials shall be in accordance with Sections 5003.10.3.1 through 5003.10.3.6.
Carts and trucks used to transport hazardous materials shall be designed to provide a stable base for the commodities to be transported and shall have a means of restraining containers to prevent accidental dislodgement. Compressed gas cylinders placed on carts and trucks shall be individually restrained.
Carts and trucks shall be provided with a device that will enable the operator to control safely movement by providing stops or speed-reduction devices.
Construction materials for hazardous material carts or trucks shall be compatible with the material transported. The cart or truck shall be of substantial construction.
Carts and trucks transporting liquids shall be capable of containing a spill from the largest single container transported.
Carts and trucks used to transport materials shall not obstruct or be left unattended within any part of a means of egress.
Incompatible materials shall not be transported on the same cart or truck.

5003.11 Group M Storage and Display and Group S Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The aggregate quantity of nonflammable solid and nonflammable or noncombustible liquid hazardous materials stored and displayed within a single control area of a Group M occupancy, or an outdoor control area, or stored in a single control area of a Group S occupancy shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.11.1 Maximum Allowable Quantity Per Control Area in Group M or S Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The aggregate amount of nonflammable solid and nonflammable or noncombustible liquid hazardous materials stored and displayed within a single control area of a Group M occupancy or stored in a single control area of a Group S occupancy shall not exceed the amounts set forth in the applicable building code.

5003.11.2 Maximum Allowable Quantity Per Outdoor Control Area in Group M or S Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The aggregate amount of nonflammable solid and nonflammable or noncombustible liquid hazardous materials stored and displayed within a single outdoor control area of a Group M occupancy shall not exceed the amounts set forth in the applicable building code.

5003.11.3 Storage and Display

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage and display shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5003.11.3.1 Density

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5003.11.3.2 Storage and Display Height

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Display height shall not exceed 6 feet (1829 mm) above the finished floor in display areas of Group M occupancies unless approved by the applicable building code.

Storage height shall not exceed 8 feet (2438 mm) above the finished floor in storage areas of Group M and Group S occupancies unless approved by the applicable building code.
Individual containers less than 5 gallons (19 L) or less than 25 pounds (11 kg) shall be stored or displayed on pallets, racks or shelves.

5003.11.3.4 Racks and Shelves

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Racks and shelves used for storage or display shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Containers shall be approved for the intended use and identified as to their content.
Individual containers shall not exceed 100 pounds (45 kg) for solids or 10 gallons (38 L) for liquids in storage and display areas.

5003.11.3.8 Floors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Floors shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Aisles 4 feet (1219 mm) in width shall be maintained on three sides of the storage or display area.
Hazard identification signs shall be provided in accordance with Section 5003.5.
A storage plan illustrating the intended storage arrangement, including the location and dimensions of aisles, and storage racks shall be provided.
Outdoor control areas for hazardous materials in amounts not exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per outdoor control area shall be in accordance with the following:
  1. Outdoor control areas shall be kept free from weeds, debris and common combustible materials not necessary to the storage. The area surrounding an outdoor control area shall be kept clear of such materials for not less than 15 feet (4572 mm).
  2. Outdoor control areas shall be located not closer than 20 feet (6096 mm) from a lot line that can be built upon, public street, public alley or public way.
Exceptions:
  1. For solid and liquid hazardous materials, a 2-hour fire-resistance-rated wall without openings extending not less than 30 inches (762 mm) above and to the sides of the storage area shall be allowed in lieu of such distance.
  2. For compressed gas hazardous materials, unless otherwise specified, the minimum required distances shall not apply where fire barriers without openings or penetrations having a minimum fire-resistance rating of 2 hours interrupt the line of sight between the storage and the exposure. The configuration of the fire barrier shall be designed to allow natural ventilation to prevent the accumulation of hazardous gas concentrations.
  3. Where a property exceeds 10,000 square feet (929 m2), a group of two outdoor control areas is allowed where approved and where each control area is separated by a minimum distance of 50 feet (15 240 mm).
  4. Where a property exceeds 35,000 square feet (3252 m2), additional groups of outdoor control areas are allowed where approved and where each group is separated by a minimum distance of 300 feet (91 440 mm).

5004.1 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage of hazardous materials shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Retail and wholesale storage and display of nonflammable solid and nonflammable and noncombustible liquid hazardous materials in Group M occupancies and Group S storage shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5004.2 Spill Control and Secondary Containment for Liquid and Solid Hazardous Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Spill control and secondary containment for rooms, buildings or areas used for the storage of liquid or solid hazardous materials shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

Exception: Outdoor storage of containers on approved containment pallets in accordance with Section 5004.2.3.

5004.2.1 Spill Control for Hazardous Material Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5004.2.2 Secondary Containment for Hazardous Material Liquids and Solids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5004.2.2.1 Containment and Drainage Methods

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5004.2.2.3 Indoor Design

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Secondary containment for outdoor storage areas shall be designed to contain a spill from the largest individual vessel. If the area is open to rainfall, secondary containment shall be designed to include the volume of a 24-hour rainfall as determined by a 25-year storm and provisions shall be made to drain accumulations of groundwater and rainwater.

5004.2.2.5 Monitoring

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5004.2.2.6 Drainage System Design

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Drainage systems shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where used as an alternative to spill control and secondary containment for outdoor storage in accordance with the exception in Section 5004.2, containment pallets shall comply with all of the following:
  1. A liquid-tight sump accessible for visual inspection shall be provided.
  2. The sump shall be designed to contain not less than 66 gallons (250 L).
  3. Exposed surfaces shall be compatible with material stored.
  4. Containment pallets shall be protected to prevent collection of rainwater within the sump.

5004.3 Ventilation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Ventilation required for indoor storage areas and storage buildings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5004.3.1 System Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5004.5 Automatic Sprinkler Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Automatic sprinkler systems for the storage of hazardous materials shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5004.6 Explosion Control

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Explosion control for storage rooms, areas and buildings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5004.7 Standby or Emergency Power

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Standby or emergency power shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5004.7.1 Exempt Applications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5004.7.2 Fail-Safe Engineered Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5004.8 Limit Controls

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Limit controls shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5004.8.1 Temperature Control

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5004.8.2 Pressure Control

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5004.9 Emergency Alarm

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency alarm systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5004.10 Supervision and Monitoring

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The area surrounding an outdoor storage area or tank shall be kept clear of combustible materials and vegetation for a minimum distance of 25 feet (7620 mm).

5004.12 Noncombustible Floor

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5004.13 Weather Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where overhead noncombustible construction is provided for sheltering outdoor hazardous material storage areas, such storage shall not be considered indoor storage where the area is constructed in accordance with the requirements for weather protection as required by the applicable Building Code.

Exception: Storage of explosive materials shall be considered as indoor storage.

5005.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Use, dispensing and handling of hazardous materials shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.1.2 Noncombustible Floor

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5005.1.3 Spill Control and Secondary Containment for Hazardous Material Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where required by the applicable building code, spill control and secondary containment shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.1.4 Limit Controls

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Limit controls shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.1.4.1 High-Liquid-Level Control

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5005.1.4.2 Low-Liquid-Level Control

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5005.1.4.3 Temperature Control

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5005.1.4.4 Pressure Control

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5005.1.5 Standby or Emergency Power

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Standby or emergency power shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.1.5.1 Exempt Applications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5005.1.6 Supervision and Monitoring

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5005.1.7 Lighting

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Lighting provided for use, dispensing and handling of hazardous materials shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.1.8 Fire-Extinguishing Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire-extinguishing systems for rooms or areas in which hazardous materials are dispensed or used shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.1.9 Ventilation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Ventilation for indoor dispensing and use areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Liquids having a hazard ranking of 3 or 4 in accordance with NFPA 704 shall be transferred by one of the following methods:
  1. From safety cans complying with UL 30.
  2. Through an approved closed piping system.
  3. From containers or tanks by an approved pump taking suction through an opening in the top of the container or tank.
  4. From containers or tanks by gravity through an approved self-closing or automatic-closing valve where the container or tank and dispensing operations are provided with spill control and secondary containment in accordance with Section 5004.2. Highly toxic liquids shall not be dispensed by gravity from tanks.
  5. Approved engineered liquid transfer systems.
Exceptions:
  1. Liquids having a hazard ranking of 4 where dispensed from approved containers not exceeding 1.3 gallons (5 L).
  2. Liquids having a hazard ranking of 3 where dispensed from approved containers not exceeding 5.3 gallons (20 L).
Systems shall be suitable for the use intended and shall be designed by persons competent in such design. Controls shall be designed to prevent materials from entering or leaving the process or reaction system at other than the intended time, rate or path. Where failure of an automatic control could result in a dangerous condition or reaction, the automatic control shall be fail-safe.

5005.2 Indoor Dispensing and Use

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Indoor dispensing and use of hazardous materials shall be in buildings complying with the International Building Code and in accordance with Section 5005.1, Sections 5005.2.1 through 5005.2.1.4, and Sections 5005.2.2.1 through 5005.2.2.4.
Dispensing and use of hazardous materials in open containers or systems shall be in accordance with Sections 5005.2.1.1 through 5005.2.1.4.
Where gases, liquids or solids having a hazard ranking of 3 or 4 in accordance with NFPA 704 are dispensed or used, mechanical exhaust ventilation shall be provided to capture gases, fumes, mists or vapors at the point of generation.

Exception: Gases, liquids or solids that can be demonstrated not to create harmful gases, fumes, mists or vapors.
Explosion control shall be provided in accordance with Section 5004.6 where an explosive environment can occur because of the characteristics or nature of the hazardous materials dispensed or used, or as a result of the dispensing or use process.

5005.2.1.3 Spill Control for Hazardous Material Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Buildings, rooms, or areas where hazardous material liquids are dispensed into vessels exceeding a 1.3-gallon (5 L) capacity or used in open systems exceeding a 5.3-gallon (20 L) capacity shall be provided with spill control in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.2.1.4 Secondary Containment for Hazardous Material Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where required by the applicable building code, secondary containment for buildings, rooms or areas where hazardous material liquids are dispensed or used in open systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.2.2 Closed Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

5005.2.2.1 Ventilation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Ventilation for closed systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.2.2.2 Explosion Control

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Explosion control shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.2.2.3 Spill Control for Hazardous Material Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Spill control for buildings, rooms or areas where hazardous material liquids are used shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.2.2.4 Secondary Containment for Hazardous Material Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Secondary containment for buildings, rooms or areas where hazardous material liquids are used shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Dispensing and use of hazardous materials outdoors shall be in accordance with Sections 5005.3.1 through 5005.3.9.
Outdoor dispensing or use of hazardous materials, in either closed or open containers or systems, in amounts not exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area indicated in Tables 5003.1.1(3) and 5003.1.1(4) shall be in accordance with Sections 5001 and 5003.
Outdoor dispensing and use areas for hazardous materials shall be located as required for outdoor storage in accordance with Section 5004.

5005.3.4 Spill Control for Hazardous Material Liquids in Open Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Outdoor areas where hazardous material liquids are dispensed in vessels exceeding a 1.3-gallon (5 L) capacity or used in open systems exceeding a 5.3-gallon (20 L) capacity shall be provided with spill control in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.3.5 Secondary Containment for Hazardous Material Liquids in Open Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where required, outdoor areas where hazardous material liquids are dispensed or used in open systems shall be provided with secondary containment in accordance with the applicable building code where the capacity of an individual vessel or system or the capacity of multiple vessels or systems exceeds the following:
  1. Individual vessel or system: greater than 1.3 gallons (5 L).
  2. Multiple vessels or systems: greater than 5.3 gallons (20 L).

5005.3.6 Spill Control for Hazardous Material Liquids in Closed Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Outdoor areas where hazardous material liquids are used in closed systems exceeding 55 gallons (208 L) shall be provided with spill control in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.3.7 Secondary Containment for Hazardous Material Liquids in Closed Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where required, outdoor areas where hazardous material liquids are dispensed or used in closed systems shall be provided with secondary containment in accordance with the applicable building code where the capacity of an individual vessel or system or the capacity of multiple vessels or systems exceeds the following:
  1. Individual vessel or system greater than 55 gallons (208 L).
  2. Multiple vessels or systems greater than 1,000 gallons (3785 L).
The area surrounding an outdoor dispensing or use area shall be kept clear of combustible materials and vegetation for a minimum distance of 30 feet (9144 mm).

5005.3.9 Weather Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where overhead noncombustible construction is provided for sheltering outdoor hazardous material use areas, such use shall not be considered indoor use where the area is constructed in accordance with the requirements for weather protection as required in the applicable building code.

Exception: Use of explosive materials shall be considered as indoor use.

5005.4 Handling

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Handling of hazardous materials shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5005.4.1 Quantities Exceeding the Maximum Allowable Quantity Per Control Area

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Handling of hazardous materials in outdoor locations in amounts exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per the applicable building code shall be in accordance with Sections 5001, 5003, 5005.1 and 5005.4.

5005.4.2 Quantities Not Exceeding the Maximum Allowable Quantity Per Control Area

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Handling of hazardous materials in outdoor locations in amounts not exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per the applicable building code shall be in accordance with Sections 5001 and 5003.
Outdoor handling areas for hazardous materials shall be located as required for outdoor storage in accordance with Section 5004.

5005.4.4 Dispensing, Use and Handling

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where hazardous materials having a hazard ranking of 3 or 4 are being transported through corridors, interior exit stairways or ramps or exit passageways, such transportation shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.
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