ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2015 (IFC 2015)

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

2701.1 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Semiconductor fabrication facilities and comparable research and development areas classified as Group H-5 shall comply with this chapter to the extent that the provisions of this chapter relate to operation and maintenance and not to the construction of Group H-5 buildings or structures.
The requirements set forth in this chapter are requirements specific only to Group H-5 and shall be applied as exceptions or additions to applicable requirements set forth elsewhere in this code.
Where a material poses multiple hazards, all hazards shall be addressed in accordance with Section 5001.1.

2701.4 Existing Buildings and Existing Fabrication Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2701.5 Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 107.2.
An emergency control station shall be provided in accordance with Sections 2703.1.1 through 2703.1.3.
The emergency control station shall be located on the premises at an approved location outside the fabrication area.
Trained personnel shall continuously staff the emergency control station.

2703.1.3 Signals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency equipment and alarm and detection systems providing signals to emergency control stations shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Systems, equipment and processes shall be in accordance with Sections 2703.2.1 through 2703.2.3.2.
Systems, equipment and processes shall include, but not be limited to, containers, cylinders, tanks, piping, tubing, valves and fittings.

2703.2.2 General Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In addition to the requirements in Section 2703.2, systems, equipment and processes shall also comply with Section 5003.2, other applicable provisions of this code. .
In addition to the requirements in Section 2703.2, HPM supply piping and tubing for HPM gases and liquids shall comply with this section.
The requirements set forth in Section 5003.2.2.2 shall apply to supply piping and tubing for HPM gases and liquids.
Supply piping and tubing for HPM gases and liquids having a health-hazard ranking of 3 or 4 shall be welded throughout, except for connections located within a ventilation enclosure if the material is a gas, or an approved method of drainage or containment provided for connections if the material is a liquid.

2703.3 Construction Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.3.1 Fabrication Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.3.2 Pass-Throughs in Exit Access Corridors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Pass-throughs in exit access corridors shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.3.3 Liquid Storage Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Liquid storage rooms shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.3.4 HPM Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Hazardous production materials (HPM) rooms shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.3.5 Gas Cabinets

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Gas cabinets shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.3.6 Exhausted Enclosures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Exhausted enclosures shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.3.7 Gas Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Gas rooms shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.3.8 Service Corridors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Service corridors shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Cabinets in fabrication areas containing pyrophoric liquids or Class 3 water-reactive liquids in containers or in amounts greater than 1/2 gallon (2 L) shall comply with Section 2705.2.3.4.
An emergency plan shall be established as set forth in Section 403.7.1.
Maintenance of equipment, machinery and processes shall comply with Section 5003.2.6.
Areas shall be secured in accordance with Section 5003.9.2.

2703.7 Electrical Wiring and Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Electrical wiring and equipment in HPM facilities shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.7.1 Fabrication Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Electrical wiring and equipment in fabrication areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.7.2 Workstations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.7.3 Hazardous Production Material (HPM) Rooms, Gas Rooms and Liquid Storage Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Electrical wiring and equipment in HPM rooms, gas rooms, and liquid storage rooms shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.10 Automatic Sprinkler System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Automatic sprinkler systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.10.1 Workstations and Tools

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.10.1.1 Combustible Workstations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where the horizontal surface of a combustible tool is obstructed from ceiling sprinkler discharge, automatic sprinkler protection that covers the horizontal surface of the tool shall be provided.

Exceptions:
  1. An automatic gaseous fire-extinguishing local surface application system shall be allowed as an alternative to sprinklers. Gaseous-extinguishing systems shall be actuated by infrared (IR) or ultraviolet/infrared (UV/IR) optical detectors.
  2. Tools constructed of materials that are listed as Class 1 or Class 2 in accordance with UL 2360 or approved for use without internal fire-extinguishing system protection.

2703.10.2 Gas Cabinets and Exhausted Enclosures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.10.3 Pass-Throughs in Existing Exit Access Corridors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.10.4 Exhaust Ducts for HPM

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.10.4.1 Metallic and Noncombustible Nonmetallic Exhaust Ducts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.10.4.2 Combustible Nonmetallic Exhaust Ducts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.10.4.3 Exhaust Connections and Plenums of Combustible Workstations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.10.4.4 Exhaust Duct Sprinkler System Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.10.4.4.1 Sprinkler Head Locations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.10.4.4.2 Control Valve

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Control valves provided for sprinklers installed in exhaust ducts shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.10.4.4.3 Drainage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Drainage provided to remove sprinkler water discharged in exhaust ducts shall be maintained.

2703.10.4.4.4 Corrosive Atmospheres

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Sprinklers in exhaust ducts shall be accessible for periodic inspection and maintenance.

2703.10.5 Sprinkler Alarms and Supervision

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Automatic sprinkler systems shall be maintained in accordance with applicable building code.

2703.11 Manual Fire Alarm System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Manual fire alarm systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.12 Emergency Alarm System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency alarm systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.12.1 Where Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.12.1.1 Service Corridors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.12.1.2 Corridors and Interior Exit Stairways and Ramps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency alarms for corridors, interior exit stairways and ramps, and exit passageways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.12.1.3 Liquid Storage Rooms, HPM Rooms and Gas Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency alarms for liquid storage rooms, HPM rooms, and gas rooms shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.12.2 Alarm-Initiating Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.12.3 Alarm Signals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.13 Continuous Gas Detection Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Continuous gas detection systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.13.1 Where Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.13.1.1 Fabrication Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.13.1.2 HPM Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.13.1.3 Gas Cabinets, Exhausted Enclosures and Gas Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.13.1.4 Corridors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.13.2 Gas Detection System Operation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.13.2.1 Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.13.2.2 Shut Off of Gas Supply

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.14 Exhaust Ventilation Systems for HPM

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Exhaust ventilation systems and materials for exhaust ducts utilized for the exhaust of HPM shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.14.1 Where Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.14.2 Penetrations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Treatment systems for highly toxic and toxic gases shall comply with Chapter 60.

2703.15 Emergency Power System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency power system systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.15.1 Required Electrical Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2703.15.2 Exhaust Ventilation Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Exhaust ventilation systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2703.16 Sub-Atmospheric Pressure Gas Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Subatmospheric pressure gas systems (SAGS) shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2704.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage of hazardous materials shall comply with Section 2703 and this section and other applicable provisions of this code to the extent that such requirements are operational in nature and do not affect how a building is constructed.
Hazardous materials storage and the maximum quantities of hazardous materials in use and storage allowed in fabrication areas shall be in accordance with Sections 2704.2.1 through 2704.2.2.1.
Storage of HPM in fabrication areas shall be within approved or listed storage cabinets, gas cabinets, exhausted enclosures or within a workstation as follows:
  1. Flammable and combustible liquid storage cabinets shall comply with Section 5704.3.2.
  2. Hazardous materials storage cabinets shall comply with Section 5003.8.7.
  3. Gas cabinets shall comply with Section 5003.8.6. Gas cabinets for highly toxic or toxic gases shall also comply with Section 6004.1.2.
  4. Exhausted enclosures shall comply with Section 5003.8.5. Exhausted enclosures for highly toxic or toxic gases shall also comply with Section 6004.1.3.
  5. Workstations shall comply with Section 2705.2.3.
The aggregate quantities of hazardous materials stored or used in a single fabrication area shall be limited as specified in this section.

Exception: Fabrication areas containing quantities of hazardous materials not exceeding the maximum allowable quantities per control area established by Sections 5003.1.1, 5704.3.4 and 5704.3.5.

2704.2.2.1 Storage and Use in Fabrication Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The maximum quantities of hazardous materials stored or used in a single fabrication area shall not exceed the quantities set forth by the applicable building code.
The indoor storage of hazardous materials outside of fabrication areas shall be in accordance with Sections 2704.3.1 through 2704.3.3.

2704.3.1 HPM Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The indoor storage of HPM in quantities greater than those listed in Sections 5003.1.1 and 3404.3.4 shall be in a room complying with the requirements of this code for a liquid storage room, HPM room, or gas room as appropriate for the materials stored.
The indoor storage of other hazardous materials shall comply with Sections 5001, 5003 and 5004 and other applicable provisions of this code.
Incompatible hazardous materials in storage shall be separated from each other in accordance with Section 5003.9.8.

2705.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The use and handling of hazardous materials shall comply with this section, Section 2703, and other applicable provisions of this code to the extent that such requirements are operational in nature and do not affect how a building is constructed.
The use of hazardous materials in fabrication areas shall be in accordance with Sections 2705.2.1 through 2705.2.3.4.
The aggregate quantities of hazardous materials in a single fabrication area shall comply with Section 2704.2.2, and Table 2704.2.2.1. The quantity of HPM in use at a workstation shall not exceed the quantities listed in Table 2705.2.2.

TABLE 2705.2.2
MAXIMUM QUANTITIES OF HPM AT A WORKSTATIONd
HPM CLASSIFICATION STATE MAXIMUM QUANTITY
Flammable, highly toxic, pyrophoric and toxic
combined
Gas Combined aggregate volume of all cylinders at a workstation
shall not exceed an internal
cylinder volume of 39.6 gallons
or 5.29 cubic feet
Flammable Liquid
Solid
15 gallonsa, b
5 poundsa, b
Corrosive Gas Combined aggregate volume of all cylinders at a workstation shall not exceed an internal cylinder volume of 39.6 gallons or 5.29 cubic feet
Liquid Use-open system: 25 gallonsb
Use-closed system: 150 gallonsb,e
Solid 20 poundsa, b
Highly toxic Liquid
Solid
15 gallonsa
5 poundsa
Oxidizer Gas Combined aggregate volume of all cylinders at a workstation shall not exceed an internal cylinder volume of 39.6 gallons or 5.29 cubic feet
Liquid Use-open system: 12 gallonsb
Use-closed system: 60 gallonsb
Solid 20 poundsa, b
Pyrophoric Liquid
Solid
0.5 gallonc, f
4.4 poundsc, f
Toxic Liquid Use-open system: 15 gallonsb
Use-closed system: 60 gallonsb
Solid 5 poundsa, b
Unstable reactive Class 3 Liquid
Solid
0.5 gallona, b
5 poundsa, b
Water-reactive Class 3 Liquid
Solid
0.5 gallonc, f
See Table 2704.2.2.1

For SI:1 pound = 0.454 kg, 1 gallon = 3.785 L.
  1. Maximum allowable quantities shall be increased 100 percent for closed system operations. Where Note b also applies, the increase for both notes shall be allowed.
  2. Quantities shall be allowed to be increased 100 percent where workstations are internally protected with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing or suppression system complying with Chapter 9. Where Note a also applies, the increase for both notes shall be allowed. Where Note e also applies, the maximum increase allowed for both Notes b and e shall not exceed 100 percent.
  3. Allowed only in workstations that are internally protected with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing or fire protection system complying with Chapter 9 and compatible with the reactivity of materials in use at the workstation.
  4. The quantity limits apply only to materials classified as HPM.
  5. Quantities shall be allowed to be increased 100 percent for nonflammable, noncombustible corrosive liquids where the materials of construction for workstations are listed or approved for use without internal fire-extinguishing or suppression system protection. Where Note b also applies, the maximum increase allowed for both Notes b and e shall not exceed 100 percent.
  6. A maximum quantity of 5.3 gallons of liquids and 44 pounds of total liquids and solids shall be allowed at a workstation where conditions are in accordance with Section 2705.2.3.4.
Workstations in fabrication areas shall be in accordance with Sections 2705.2.3.1 through 2705.2.3.4.
Workstations in fabrication areas shall be constructed of materials compatible with the materials used and stored at the workstation. The portion of the workstation that serves as a cabinet for HPM gases, Class I flammable liquids or Class II or Class IIIA combustible liquids shall be noncombustible and, if of metal, shall be not less than 0.0478-inch (18 gage) (1.2 mm) steel.

2705.2.3.2 Protection of Vessels

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Vessels containing hazardous materials located in or connected to a workstation shall be protected as follows:
  1. HPM: Vessels containing HPM shall be protected from physical damage and shall not project from the workstation.
  2. Compressed gases: Protection for compressed gas vessels shall also comply with Section 5303.5.
  3. Cryogenic fluids: Protection for cryogenic fluid vessels shall also comply with Section 5503.5.
Each workstation utilizing HPM liquids shall have all of the following:
  1. Drainage piping systems connected to a compatible system for disposition of such liquids.
  2. The work surface provided with a slope or other means for directing spilled materials to the containment or drainage system.
  3. An approved means of containing or directing spilled or leaked liquids to the drainage system.
Pyrophoric liquids and Class 3 water-reactive liquids in containers greater than 0.5-gallon (2 L) but not exceeding 5.3-gallon (20 L) capacity and pyrophoric solids in containers greater than 4.4 pounds (2 kg) but not exceeding 44 pounds (20 kg) shall be allowed at workstations where located inside cabinets and the following conditions are met:
  1. Maximum amount per cabinet: The maximum amount per cabinet shall be limited to 5.3 gallons (20 L) of liquids and 44 pounds (20 kg) of total liquids and solids.
  2. Cabinet construction: Cabinets shall be constructed in accordance with the following:
    1. Cabinets shall be constructed of not less than 0.097-inch (2.5 mm) (12 gage) steel.
    2. Cabinets shall be permitted to have self-closing limited access ports or noncombustible windows that provide access to equipment controls.
    3. Cabinets shall be provided with self- or manual-closing doors. Manual-closing doors shall be equipped with a door switch that will initiate local audible and visual alarms when the door is in the open position.
  3. Cabinet exhaust ventilation system: An exhaust ventilation system shall be provided for cabinets and shall comply with the following:
    1. The system shall be designed to operate at a negative pressure in relation to the surrounding area.
    2. The system shall be equipped with monitoring equipment to ensure that required exhaust flow or static pressure is provided.
    3. Low-flow or static pressure conditions shall send an alarm to the on-site emergency control station. The alarm shall be both visual and audible.
  4. Cabinet spill containment: Spill containment shall be provided in each cabinet, with the spill containment capable of holding the contents of the aggregate amount of liquids in containers in each cabinet.
  5. Valves: Valves in supply piping between the product containers in the cabinet and the workstation served by the containers shall fail in the closed position upon power failure, loss of exhaust ventilation and upon actuation of the fire control system.
  6. Fire detection system: Each cabinet shall be equipped with an automatic fire detection system complying with the following conditions:
    1. Automatic detection system: UV/IR, high-sensitivity smoke detection (HSSD) or other approved detection systems shall be provided inside each cabinet.
    2. Automatic shutoff: Activation of the detection system shall automatically close the shutoff valves at the source on the liquid supply.
    3. Alarms and signals: Activation of the detection system shall initiate a local alarm within the fabrication area and transmit a signal to the emergency control station. The alarms and signals shall be both visual and audible.
The transportation and handling of hazardous materials shall comply with Sections 2705.3.1 through 2705.3.4.1 and other applicable provisions of this code.

2705.3.1 Corridors and Enclosures for Stairways and Ramps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Corridors and enclosures for exit stairways and ramps in new fabrication areas shall not contain HPM, except as permitted in corridors by Section 2705.3.2 and the applicable building code.
Transport in corridors and enclosures for stairways and ramps shall be in accordance with Sections 2705.3.2.1 through 2705.3.3.

2705.3.2.1 Fabrication Area Alterations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where existing fabrication areas are altered or modified in existing buildings, HPM is allowed to be transported in existing corridors where such corridors comply with the applicable building code.
Nonproduction HPM is allowed to be transported in corridors and enclosures for stairways and ramps where utilized for maintenance, lab work and testing when the transportation is in accordance with Section 5003.10.

2705.3.3 Service Corridors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Carts and trucks used to transport HPM in corridors and enclosures for stairways and ramps shall comply with Section 5003.10.3.
Carts and trucks shall be marked to indicate the contents.
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