ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2015 (IFC 2015)

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

2301.1 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The operation and maintenance of automotive motor fuel-dispensing facilities, marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities, fleet vehicle motor fuel-dispensing facilities, aircraft motorvehicle fuel-dispensing facilities, and repair garages shall be in accordance with this chapter. Such operations shall include both those that are accessible to the public and private operations.

2301.2 Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 107.2.

2301.3 Construction Documents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2301.4 Indoor Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Motor fuel-dispensing facilities located inside buildings shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 30A and the applicable building code.
Where motor fuel-dispensing facilities are located inside buildings and the dispensers are located above spaces within the building, openings beneath dispensers shall be sealed to prevent the flow of leaked fuel to lower building spaces.

2301.5 Electrical

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Electrical wiring and equipment shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 30A and the applicable building code.

2301.6 Heat-Producing Appliances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Heat-producing appliances shall be suitable for the locations in which they are installed and shall comply with NFPA 30A. .

2303.1 Location of Dispensing Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Dispensing devices shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2303.2 Emergency Disconnect Switches

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency disconnect switches shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The dispensing of fuel at motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be conducted by a qualified attendant or shall be under the supervision of a qualified attendant at all times or shall be in accordance with Section 2304.3.
Attended self-service motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall comply with Sections 2304.2.1 through 2304.2.5. Attended self-service motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall have not less than one qualified attendant on duty while the facility is open for business. The attendant's primary function shall be to supervise, observe and control the dispensing of fuel. The attendant shall prevent the dispensing of fuel into containers that do not comply with Section 2304.4.1, control sources of ignition, give immediate attention to accidental spills or releases, and be prepared to use fire extinguishers.
Approved special-dispensing devices and systems such as, but not limited to, card- or coin-operated and remote-preset types, are allowed at motor fuel-dispensing facilities provided there is not less than one qualified attendant on duty while the facility is open to the public. Remote preset-type devices shall be set in the "off" position while not in use so that the dispenser cannot be activated without the knowledge of the attendant.

2304.2.2 Emergency Controls

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Approved emergency controls shall be provided in accordance with the applicable building code.
Dispenser operating instructions shall be conspicuously posted in approved locations on every dispenser.
Dispensing devices shall be in clear view of the attendant at all times. Obstructions shall not be placed between the dispensing area and the attendant.
The attendant shall be able to communicate with persons in the dispensing area at all times. An approved method of communicating with the fire department shall be provided for the attendant.
Where approved, unattended self-service motor fuel-dispensing facilities are allowed. As a condition of approval, the owner or operator shall provide, and be accountable for, daily site visits, regular equipment inspection and maintenance.

2304.3.2 Dispensers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Dispensing devices shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2304.3.3 Emergency Controls

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Approved emergency controls shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Emergency controls shall be of a type that is only manually resettable.
Dispenser operating instructions shall be conspicuously posted in approved locations on every dispenser and shall indicate the location of the emergency controls required by Section 2304.3.3.

2304.3.5 Emergency Procedures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An approved emergency procedures sign, in addition to the signs required by Section 2305.6, shall be posted and maintained in a conspicuous location and shall read:

IN CASE OF FIRE SPILL OR RELEASE
  1. USE EMERGENCY PUMP SHUTOFF
  2. REPORT THE ACCIDENT!
FIRE DEPARTMENT TELEPHONE NO.______

FACILITY ADDRESS _____________________
A telephone not requiring a coin to operate or other approved, clearly identified means to notify the fire department shall be provided on the site in a location approved by the fire code official.
Dispensing equipment used at unsupervised locations shall comply with one of the following:
  1. Dispensing devices shall be programmed or set to limit uninterrupted fuel delivery to 25 gallons (95 L) and require a manual action to resume delivery.
  2. The amount of fuel being dispensed shall be limited in quantity by a preprogrammed card as approved.
The dispensing of flammable or combustible liquids into portable approved containers shall comply with Sections 2304.4.1 through 2304.4.3.
Class I, II and IIIA liquids shall not be dispensed into a portable container unless such container does not exceed a 6-gallon (22.7 L) capacity, is listed or of approved material and construction, and has a tight closure with a screwed or spring-loaded cover so designed that the contents can be dispensed without spilling. Liquids shall not be dispensed into portable or cargo tanks.
A hose nozzle valve used for dispensing Class I liquids into a portable container shall be in compliance with Section 2306.7.6 and be manually held open during the dispensing operation.
Portable containers shall not be filled while located inside the trunk, passenger compartment or truck bed of a vehicle.
Delivery operations to tanks for Class I, II or III liquids shall comply with Sections 2305.1.1 through 2305.1.3 and the applicable requirements of Chapter 57.
Where liquid delivery to above-ground storage tanks is accomplished by positive-pressure operation, tank vehicles shall be positioned not less than 25 feet (7620 mm) from tanks receiving Class I liquids and 15 feet (4572 mm) from tanks receiving Class II and IIIA liquids.
The driver, operator or attendant of a tank vehicle shall, before making delivery to a tank, determine the unfilled, available capacity of such tank by an approved gauging device.
Delivery of flammable liquids to tanks more than 1,000 gallons (3785 L) in capacity shall be made by means of approved liquid- and vapor-tight connections between the delivery hose and tank fill pipe. Where tanks are equipped with any type of vapor recovery system, all connections required to be made for the safe and proper functioning of the particular vapor recovery process shall be made. Such connections shall be made liquid and vapor tight and remain connected throughout the unloading process. Vapors shall not be discharged at grade level during delivery.
Motor fuel-dispensing facility equipment shall be maintained in proper working order at all times in accordance with Sections 2305.2.1 through 2305.2.5.
Flammable and combustible liquid fuel-dispensing and containment equipment shall be periodically inspected where required by the fire code official to verify that the equipment is in proper working order and not subject to leakage. Records of inspections shall be maintained.
The fire code official is authorized to require damaged or unsafe containment and dispensing equipment to be repaired or serviced in an approved manner.
Where maintenance to Class I liquid dispensing devices becomes necessary and such maintenance could allow the accidental release or ignition of liquid, the following precautions shall be taken before such maintenance is begun:
  1. Only persons knowledgeable in performing the required maintenance shall perform the work.
  2. Electrical power to the dispensing device and pump serving the dispenser shall be shut off at the main electrical disconnect panel.
  3. The emergency shutoff valve at the dispenser, where installed, shall be closed.
  4. Vehicle traffic and unauthorized persons shall be prevented from coming within 12 feet (3658 mm) of the dispensing device.

2305.2.4 Emergency Shutoff Valves

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Automatic emergency shutoff valves shall be checked not less than once each year by manually tripping the hold-open linkage.

2305.2.5 Leak Detectors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Leak detection devices shall be checked and tested not less than annually in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications to ensure proper installation and operation.
Provisions shall be made to prevent liquids spilled during dispensing operations from flowing into buildings. Acceptable methods include, but shall not be limited to, grading driveways, raising doorsills or other approved means.

2305.4 Sources of Ignition

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Smoking and open flames shall be prohibited within 20 feet (6096 mm) of a fuel dispensing device. The engines of vehicles being fueled shall be shut off during fueling. Electrical equipment shall be in accordance with NFPA 70.
Approved portable fire extinguishers complying with Section 906 with a minimum rating of 2-A:20-B:C shall be provided and located such that an extinguisher is not more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) from pumps, dispensers or storage tank fill-pipe openings.
Warning signs shall be conspicuously posted within sight of each dispenser in the fuel-dispensing area and shall state the following:
  1. No smoking.
  2. Shut off motor.
  3. Discharge your static electricity before fueling by touching a metal surface away from the nozzle.
  4. To prevent static charge, do not reenter your vehicle while gasoline is pumping.
  5. If a fire starts, do not remove nozzle—back away immediately.
  6. It is unlawful and dangerous to dispense gasoline into unapproved containers.
  7. No filling of portable containers in or on a motor vehicle. Place container on ground before filling.
Fenced and diked areas surrounding above-ground tanks shall be kept free from vegetation, debris and other material that is not necessary to the proper operation of the tank and piping system.

Weeds, grass, brush, trash and other combustible materials shall be kept not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from fuel-handling equipment.

2306.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Operation and maintenance of flammable and combustible liquid motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be in accordance with Chapter 57 and Sections 2306.2 through 2306.6.3 and other applicable provisions of this code.
Approved methods of storage for Class I, II and III liquid fuels at motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be in accordance with Sections 2306.2.1 through 2306.2.6.
Underground tanks for the storage of Class I, II and IIIA liquid fuels shall comply with Chapter 57.

2306.2.1.1 Inventory Control and Leak Detection for Underground Tanks

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Accurate inventory records shall be maintained on underground fuel storage tanks for indication of possible leakage from tanks and piping. The records shall be kept at the premises or made available for inspection by the fire official within 24 hours of a written or verbal request and shall include records for each tank. Where there is more than one system consisting of tanks serving separate pumps or dispensers for a product, the inventory record shall be maintained separately for each tank system.

Owners and operators of underground fuel storage tanks shall provide release detection for tanks and piping that routinely contain flammable and combustible liquids in accordance with one of the following methods:
  1. Monthly inventory control to detect a release of at least 1.0% of flow-through plus 130 gallons.
  2. Manual tank gauging for tanks with 2,000 gallon capacity or less when measurements are taken at the beginning and ending of a 36-hour to 58-hour period during which no liquid is added to or removed from the tank.
  3. Tank tightness testing capable of detecting a 0.1 gallon per hour leak rate.
  4. Automatic tank gauging that tests for loss of liquid.
  5. Vapor monitoring for vapors within the soil of the tank field.
  6. Groundwater monitoring when the groundwater is never more than 20 feet from the ground surface.
  7. Interstitial monitoring between the underground tank and a secondary barrier immediately around or beneath the tank.
  8. Other approved methods that have been demonstrated to be as effective in detecting a leak as the methods listed above.
A consistent or accidental loss of product shall be immediately reported to the fire official.

2306.2.2 Aboveground Tanks Located Inside Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Aboveground tanks for the storage of Classes I, II and IIIA liquid fuels located in buildings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.2.3 Above-Ground Tanks Located Outside, Above Grade

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Aboveground tanks located outside shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.2.4 Above-Ground Tanks Located in Above-Grade Vaults or Below-Grade Vaults

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Aboveground tanks located in above-grade vaults or below-grade vaults shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.2.4.1 Tank Capacity Limits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.2.4.2 Fleet Vehicle Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Tanks storing liquids at a fleet vehicle motor fuel-dispensing facility shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Where approved by the fire code official, portable tanks are allowed to be temporarily used in conjunction with the dispensing of Class I, II or III liquids into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles or motorized equipment on premises not normally accessible to the public. The approval shall include a definite time limit.

2306.2.6 Special Enclosures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Special enclosures shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Above-ground tanks for the storage of liquid motor fuels shall be safeguarded from public access or unauthorized entry in an approved manner.
Guard posts complying with Section 312 or other approved means shall be provided to protect above-ground tanks against impact by a motor vehicle unless the tank is listed as a protected above-ground tank with vehicle impact protection.

2306.5 Secondary Containment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Aboveground tanks provided with drainage control or diking shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 57 and the applicable building code.

2306.6 Piping, Valves, Fittings and Ancillary Equipment for Use With Flammable or Combustible Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The design, fabrication, assembly, testing and inspection of piping, valves, fittings and ancillary equipment for use with flammable or combustible liquids shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Piping shall be located such that it is protected from physical damage.
Piping, valves, fittings and ancillary equipment for aboveground tanks shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.6.2.1 Tank Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.6.2.2 Fill-Pipe Connections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fill pipe for aboveground tanks shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.6.2.3 Overfill Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Overfill protection shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.6.2.4 Siphon Prevention

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An approved antisiphon method shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.6.2.5 Emergency Relief Venting

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Aboveground storage tanks, tank compartments, and enclosed secondary containment spaces shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.6.2.6 Spill Containers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Spill containers shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.6.3 Piping, Valves, Fittings and Ancillary Equipment for Underground Tanks

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Piping, valves, fittings and ancillary equipment for underground tanks shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7 Fuel-Dispensing Systems for Flammable or Combustible Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fuel-dispensing systems for flammable or combustible liquid fuels shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.1 Listed Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.7.2 Fixed Pumps Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.7.3 Mounting of Dispensers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Dispensing devices, except those installed on top of a protected aboveground tank that qualifies as vehicle-impact resistant, shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.4 Dispenser Emergency Shutoff Valve

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Dispenser emergency shutoff valves shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.5 Dispenser Hose

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Dispenser hoses shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.5.1 Emergency Breakaway Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency breakaway devices shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.6 Fuel Delivery Nozzles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fuel delivery nozzles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.6.1 Special Requirements for Nozzles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.7.7 Remote Pumping Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Remote pumping systems for liquid fuels shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.7.1 Leak Detection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Leak detection devices shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.7.2 Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Flammable liquids shall not be dispensed by gravity from tanks, drums, barrels or similar containers. Flammable or combustible liquids shall not be dispensed by a device operating through pressure within a storage tank, drum or container.

2306.7.9 Vapor-Recovery and Vapor-Processing Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Vapor-recovery and vapor-processing systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.9.1 Vapor-Balance Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Vapor-balance systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.9.1.1 Dispensing Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Dispensing devices shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.9.1.2 Vapor-Return Line Closeoff

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
vapor-return line closeoffs shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.9.1.3 Piping

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Piping in vapor-balance systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.9.1.4 Flexible Joints and Shear Joints

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Flexible joints and shear joints shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.9.1.5 Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.7.9.2 Vapor-Processing Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Vapor-processing systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.9.2.1 Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Equipment in vapor-processing systems, including hose nozzle valves, vapor pumps, flame arresters, fire checks or systems for prevention of flame propagation, controls, and vapor-processing equipment, shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.9.2.2 Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.7.9.2.2.1 Distance From Dispensing Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.7.9.2.2.2 Physical Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Physical protection for vapor-processing equipment shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.7.9.2.2.3 Downslopes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.7.9.2.3 Installation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.7.9.2.4 Piping

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Piping in a mechanical-assist system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2306.8 Alcohol-Blended Fuel-Dispensing Operations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Alcohol-blended fuel-dispensing systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Dispensers shall be listed in accordance with UL 87A. Hoses, nozzles, breakaway fittings, swivels, flexible connectors or dispenser emergency shutoff valves, vapor recovery systems, leak detection devices and pumps used in alcohol-blended fuel-dispensing systems shall be listed for the specific purpose.

2306.8.2 Compatibility

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.8.3 Change of System Contents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.8.4 Facility Identification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2306.8.5 Marking

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Equipment shall be maintained and inspected in accordance with Section 2305.2.

2307.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Operation and maintenance of motor fuel-dispensing facilities for liquefied petroleum gas (LP-gas) fuel shall be in accordance with this section and other applicable provisions of this code.

2307.2 Approvals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2307.2.1 Approved Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2307.2.2 Listed Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2307.3 Attendants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Motor fuel-dispensing operations for LP-gas shall be conducted by qualified attendants or by persons trained in the proper handling of LP-gas.

2307.4 Location of Dispensing Operations and Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
LP-gas containers shall be located in accordance with the applicable building code.

2307.5 Additional Requirements for LP-gas Dispensers and Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2307.6 Installation of LP-gas Dispensing Devices and Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2307.6.1 Product Control Valves

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2307.6.2 Hoses

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Hoses and piping for the dispensing of LP-gas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2307.6.3 Emergency Breakaway Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where installed within 10 feet of vehicle traffic, LP-gas storage containers, pumps and dispensers shall be protected in accordance with Section 2307.5, Item 2.

2307.7 Public Fueling of Motor Vehicles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Self-service LP-gas dispensing systems, including key, code, and card lock dispensing systems, shall be limited to the filling of permanently mounted containers providing fuel to the LP-gas powered vehicle.

The requirements for self-service LP-gas dispensing systems shall be in accordance with the following:
  1. The arrangement and operation of the transfer of product into a vehicle shall be in accordance with this section and Chapter 61.
  2. The owner of the LP-gas motor fuel-dispensing facility or the owner's designee shall provide for the safe operation of the system and the training of users.
  3. Portable fire extinguishers shall be provided in accordance with Section 2305.5.
  4. Warning signs shall be provided in accordance with Section 2305.6.
  5. The area around the dispenser shall be maintained in accordance with Section 2305.7.
LP-gas containers shall not be filled with LP-gas in excess of the volume determined using the fixed maximum liquid level gauge installed on the container, the volume determined by the overfilling prevention device installed on the container or the weight determined by the required percentage of the water capacity marked on the container.

2308.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Motor fuel-dispensing facilities for compressed natural gas (CNG) fuel shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Storage vessels and equipment used for the storage, compression or dispensing of CNG shall be approved or listed in accordance with Sections 2308.2.1 and 2308.2.2.
Containers, compressors, pressure relief devices (including pressure relief valves), and pressure regulators and piping used for CNG shall be approved.

2308.2.2 Listed Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Hoses, hose connections, dispensers, gas detection systems, and electrical equipment used for CNG shall be listed. Vehicle-fueling connections shall be listed and labeled and maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2308.3 Location of Dispensing Operations and Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2308.3.1 Location on Property

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Self-service CNG-dispensing systems, including key, code and card lock dispensing systems, shall be limited to the filling of permanently mounted fuel containers on CNG-powered vehicles.

In addition to the requirements in Section 2305, the owner of a self-service CNG motor fuel-dispensing facility shall ensure the safe operation of the system and the training of users.

2308.5 Pressure Regulators

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Pressure regulators shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2308.6 Valves

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Gas piping to equipment shutoff valves shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2308.7 Emergency Shutdown Control

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency shutdown controls shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The discharge of CNG from motor vehicle fuel cylinders for the purposes of maintenance, cylinder certification, calibration of dispensers or other activities shall be in accordance with Sections 2308.8.1 through 2308.8.1.2.6.
The discharge of CNG from motor vehicle fuel cylinders shall be accomplished through a closed transfer system in accordance with Section 2308.8.1.1 or an approved method of atmospheric venting in accordance with Section 2308.8.1.2.
A documented procedure that explains the logical sequence for discharging the cylinder shall be provided to the fire code official for review and approval. The procedure shall include what actions the operator will take in the event of a low-pressure or high-pressure natural gas release during the discharging activity. A drawing illustrating the arrangement of piping, regulators and equipment settings shall be provided to the fire code official for review and approval. The drawing shall illustrate the piping and regulator arrangement and shall be shown in spatial relation to the location of the compressor, storage vessels and emergency shutdown devices.
Atmospheric venting of CNG shall comply with Sections 2308.8.1.2.1 through 2308.8.1.2.6.
A drawing illustrating the location of the vessel support, piping, the method of grounding and bonding, and other requirements specified herein shall be provided to the fire code official for review and approval.
A method of rigidly supporting the vessel during the venting of CNG shall be provided. The selected method shall provide not less than two points of support and shall prevent the horizontal and lateral movement of the vessel. The system shall be designed to prevent the movement of the vessel based on the highest gas-release velocity through valve orifices at the vessel's rated pressure and volume. The structure or appurtenance shall be constructed of noncombustible materials.
The structure or appurtenance used for stabilizing the cylinder shall be separated from the site equipment, features and exposures and shall be located in accordance with Table 2308.8.1.2.3.

TABLE 2308.8.1.2.3
SEPARATION DISTANCE FOR ATMOSPHERIC VENTING OF CNG
EQUIPMENT OR FEATURE MINIMUM SEPARATION (feet)
Buildings 25
Building openings 25
CNG compressor and storage vessels 25
CNG dispensers 25
Lot lines 15
Public ways 15
Vehicles 25
For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
The structure or appurtenance used for supporting the cylinder shall be grounded in accordance with NFPA 70. The cylinder valve shall be bonded prior to the commencement of venting operations.
A vent tube that will divert the gas flow to atmosphere shall be installed on the cylinder prior to commencement of the venting and purging operation. The vent tube shall be constructed of pipe or tubing materials approved for use with CNG in accordance with Chapter 53.

The vent tube shall be capable of dispersing the gas not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) above grade level. The vent tube shall not be provided with a rain cap or other feature that would limit or obstruct the gas flow.

At the connection fitting of the vent tube and the CNG cylinder, a listed bidirectional detonation flame arrester shall be provided.
Approved "No Smoking" signs complying with Section 310 shall be posted within 10 feet (3048 mm) of the cylinder support structure or appurtenance. Approved CYLINDER SHALL BE BONDED signs shall be posted on the cylinder support structure or appurtenance.

2309.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Operation and maintenance of hydrogen motor fuel-dispensing and generation facilities shall be in accordance with this section and other applicable provisions of this code. Where a fuel-dispensing facility includes a repair garage, the repair operation shall comply with Section 2311.

2309.2 Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Equipment used for the generation, compression, storage, or dispensing of hydrogen shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.2.1 Approved Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Cylinders, containers, and tanks; pressure relief devices, including pressure valves; hydrogen vaporizers; pressure regulators; and piping used for gaseous hydrogen systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.2.2 Listed or Approved Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Hoses, hose connections, compressors, hydrogen generators, dispensers, detection systems, and electrical equipment used for hydrogen shall be listed or approved for use with hydrogen and maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.2.3 Electrical Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Electrical installations shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.3 Location on Property

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Location of dispensing equipment shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Generation, compression, storage and dispensing equipment shall be located in accordance with Sections 2309.3.1.1 through 2309.3.1.5.5.

2309.3.1.1 Outdoors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Generation, compression, or storage equipment shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.3.1.2 Indoors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Generation, compression, storage and dispensing equipment shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Gaseous hydrogen systems and detection devices shall be maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Smoking shall be prohibited in hydrogen cutoff rooms. "No Smoking" signs shall be provided at all entrances to hydrogen fuel gas rooms.
Open flames, flame-producing devices and other sources of ignition shall be controlled in accordance with Chapter 58.
Hydrogen fuel gas rooms shall be kept free from combustible debris and storage.

2309.3.1.3 Gaseous Hydrogen Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage of gaseous hydrogen shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.3.1.4 Liquefied Hydrogen Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storage of liquefied hydrogen shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.3.1.5 Canopy Tops

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Gaseous hydrogen compression and storage equipment located on top of motor fuel-dispensing facility canopies shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.3.1.5.1 Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2309.3.1.5.2 Fire-Extinguishing Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire-extinguishing provided for fuel-dispensing areas under canopies shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.3.1.5.3 Emergency Discharge

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2309.3.1.5.4 Emergency Shutdown Control

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Approved signage having 2-inch (51 mm) block letters shall be affixed at approved locations on the exterior of the canopy structure stating: CANOPY TOP HYDROGEN STORAGE.

2309.3.2 Canopies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Self-service hydrogen motor fuel-dispensing systems, including key, code and card lock dispensing systems, shall be limited to the filling of permanently mounted fuel containers on hydrogen-powered vehicles.

In addition to the requirements in Section 2311, the owner of a self-service hydrogen motor fuel-dispensing facility shall provide for the safe operation of the system through the institution of a fire safety plan submitted in accordance with Section 404, the training of employees and operators who use and maintain the system in accordance with Section 406, and provisions for hazard communication in accordance with Section 407.

2309.4.1 Dispensing Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Dispensing systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.5 Safety Precautions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Safety precautions at hydrogen motor fuel-dispensing and generation facilities shall be in accordance with Sections 2309.5.1 through 2309.5.3.
Guard posts or other approved means shall be provided to protect hydrogen storage systems and use areas subject to vehicular damage in accordance with Section 312.
The vehicle shall be fueled on noncoated concrete or other approved paving material having a resistance not exceeding 1 megohm as determined by the methodology specified in EN 1081.

2309.5.2 Emergency Shutoff Valves

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Manual emergency shutoff valves shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Manual emergency shutoff valves shall be identified and the location shall be clearly visible, accessible and indicated by means of a sign.

2309.5.3 Emergency Shutdown Controls

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency shutdown controls shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.5.3.1 System Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The discharge or defueling of hydrogen from fuel storage tanks for the purpose of maintenance, cylinder certification, calibration of dispensers or other activities shall be in accordance with Sections 2309.6.1 through 2309.6.1.2.4.
The discharge of hydrogen from fuel storage tanks shall be accomplished through a closed transfer system in accordance with Section 2309.6.1.1 or an approved method of atmospheric venting in accordance with Section 2309.6.1.2.
A documented procedure that explains the logic sequence for discharging the storage tank shall be provided to the fire code official for review and approval. The procedure shall include what actions the operator is required to take in the event of a low-pressure or high-pressure hydrogen release during discharging activity. Schematic design documents shall be provided illustrating the arrangement of piping, regulators and equipment settings. The construction documents shall illustrate the piping and regulator arrangement and shall be shown in spatial relation to the location of the compressor, storage vessels and emergency shutdown devices.
Where atmospheric venting is used for the discharge of hydrogen from fuel storage tanks, such venting shall be in accordance with Sections 2309.6.1.2.1 through 2309.6.1.2.1.4.
Equipment used for defueling shall be listed and labeled or approved for the intended use.
Equipment supplied by the manufacturer shall be used to connect the storage tanks to be defueled to the vent pipe system.

2309.6.1.2.1.2 Vent Pipe Maximum Diameter

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Vent pipe diameter shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.6.1.2.1.3 Maximum Flow Rate

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The maximum rate of hydrogen flow through the vent pipe system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The vent pipe used for defueling shall not be connected to another venting system used for any other purpose.

2309.6.1.2.2 Construction Documents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2309.6.1.2.3 Stability of Cylinders, Containers and Tanks

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2309.6.1.2.4 Grounding and Bonding

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Grounding and bonding of cylinders, containers or tanks, and piping shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2309.6.2 Repair of Hydrogen Piping

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Piping systems containing hydrogen shall not be opened to the atmosphere for repair without first purging the piping with an inert gas to achieve 1% hydrogen or less by volume.
Each individual manufactured component of a hydrogen generating, compression, storage or dispensing system shall have a label affixed as well as a description in the installation and owner's manuals describing the procedure for purging air from the system during startup, regular maintenance and for purging hydrogen from the system prior to disassembly (to admit air).

For the interconnecting piping between the individual manufactured components, the pressure rating must be not less than 20 times the absolute pressure present in the piping when any hydrogen meets any air.
After installation, repair or maintenance, the hydrogen piping system shall be purged of air in accordance with the manufacturer's procedure for purging air from the system.

2310.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The construction of marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be in accordance with this section and other applicable provisions of this code.

2310.2 Storage and Handling

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The storage and handling of Class I, II or IIIA liquids at marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2310.2.1 Class I, II or IIIA Liquid Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Class I, II or IIIA liquids stored inside of buildings used for marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be stored in accordance with the applicable building code.

2310.2.2 Class II or IIIA Liquid Storage and Dispensing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Class II or IIIA liquids stored or dispensed inside of buildings used for marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be stored in and dispensed in accordance with the applicable building code.

2310.2.3 Heating Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Heating equipment installed in Class I, II or IIIA liquid storage or dispensing areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
The dispensing of liquid fuels at marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall comply with Sections 2310.3.1 through 2310.3.5.
Wharves, piers or floats at marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be used exclusively for the dispensing or transfer of petroleum products to or from marine craft, except that transfer of essential ship stores is allowed.
Marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall have an attendant or supervisor who is fully aware of the operation, mechanics and hazards inherent to fueling of boats on duty whenever the facility is open for business. The attendant's primary function shall be to supervise, observe and control the dispensing of Class I, II or IIIA liquids or flammable gases.

2310.3.3 Hoses and Nozzles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Hoses and nozzles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Dispensing of Class I, II or IIIA liquids into containers, other than fuel tanks, shall be in accordance with Section 2304.4.1.

2310.3.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fueling of floating marine craft with Class I fuels at other than a marine motor fuel-dispensing facility is prohibited.
Fueling of floating marine craft with Class II or III fuels at other than a marine motor fuel-dispensing facility shall be in accordance with all of the following:
  1. The premises and operations shall be approved by the fire code official.
  2. Tank vehicles and fueling operations shall comply with Section 5706.6.
  3. The dispensing nozzle shall be of the listed automatic-closing type without a latch-open device.
  4. Nighttime deliveries shall only be made in lighted areas.
  5. The tank vehicle flasher lights shall be in operation while dispensing.
  6. Fuel expansion space shall be left in each fuel tank to prevent overflow in the event of temperature increase.
General fire safety regulations for marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall comply with Sections 2310.5.1 through 2310.5.7.
Marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be maintained in a neat and orderly manner. Accumulations of rubbish or waste oils in excessive amounts shall be prohibited.
Spills of Class I, II or IIIA liquids at or on the water shall be reported immediately to the fire department and jurisdictional authorities.
Containers with tight-fitting or self-closing lids shall be provided for temporary storage of combustible debris, rubbish and waste material. The rubbish containers shall be constructed entirely of materials that comply with any one of the following:
  1. Noncombustible materials.
  2. Materials that meet a peak rate of heat release not exceeding 300 kW/m2 when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354 at an incident heat flux of 50 kW/m2 in the horizontal orientation.
Vessels or craft shall not be made fast to fuel docks serving other vessels or craft occupying a berth at a marine motor fuel-dispensing facility.
Construction, maintenance, repair and reconditioning work involving the use of open flames, arcs or spark-producing devices shall not be performed at marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities or within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of the dispensing facilities, including piers, wharves or floats, except for emergency repair work approved in writing by the fire code official. Fueling shall not be conducted at the pier, wharf or float during the course of such emergency repairs.
Smoking or open flames shall be prohibited within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of fueling operations. "No Smoking" signs complying with Section 310 shall be posted conspicuously about the premises. Such signs shall have letters not less than 4 inches (102 mm) in height on a background of contrasting color.
Boat owners and operators shall not offer their craft for fueling unless the tanks being filled are properly vented to dissipate fumes to the outside atmosphere.
Warning signs shall be prominently displayed at the face of each wharf, pier or float at such elevation as to be clearly visible from the decks of marine craft being fueled. Such signs shall have letters not less than 3 inches (76 mm) in height on a background of contrasting color bearing the following or approved equivalent wording:

WARNING

NO SMOKING—STOP ENGINE WHILE FUELING,
SHUT OFF ELECTRICITY

DO NOT START ENGINE UNTIL AFTER BELOW
DECK SPACES ARE VENTILATED.

2310.6 Fire Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire protection features for marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Fire hose, where provided, shall be enclosed within a cabinet, and hose stations shall be labeled: FIRE HOSE—EMERGENCY USE ONLY.
Materials shall not be placed on a pier in such a manner as to obstruct access to fire-fighting equipment or piping system control valves.
Where the pier is accessible to vehicular traffic, an unobstructed roadway to the shore end of the wharf shall be maintained for access by fire apparatus.
Portable fire extinguishers in accordance with Section 906, each having a minimum rating of 20-B:C, shall be provided as follows:
  1. One on each float.
  2. One on the pier or wharf within 25 feet (7620 mm) of the head of the gangway to the float, unless the office is within 25 feet (7620 mm) of the gangway or is on the float and an extinguisher is provided thereon.

2311.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Operation and maintenance of repair garages shall comply be in accordance with this section and other applicable provisions of this code. Repair garages for vehicles that use more than one type of fuel shall comply with the applicable provisions of this section for each type of fuel used.

Where a repair garage includes a motor fuel-dispensing facility, the fuel-dispensing operation shall comply with the requirements of this chapter for motor fuel-dispensing facilities.

2311.2 Storage and Use of Flammable and Combustible Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The storage and use of flammable and combustible liquids in repair garages shall maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Cleaning of parts shall be conducted in listed and approved parts-cleaning machines in accordance with Chapter 57.
Waste oil, motor oil and other Class IIIB liquids shall be stored in approved tanks or containers, which are allowed to be stored and dispensed from inside repair garages.
Tanks storing Class IIIB liquids in repair garages are allowed to be located at, below or above grade, provided that adequate drainage or containment is provided.
Crankcase drainings shall be classified as Class IIIB liquids unless otherwise determined by testing.

2311.2.3 Drainage and Disposal of Liquids and Oil-Soaked Waste

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Contents of oil separators, traps and floor drainage systems shall be collected at sufficiently frequent intervals and removed from the premises to prevent oil from being carried into the sewers.
Crankcase drainings and liquids shall not be dumped into sewers, streams or on the ground, but shall be stored in approved tanks or containers in accordance with Chapter 57 until removed from the premises.
Self-closing metal cans shall be used for oily waste.
Spray finishing with flammable or combustible liquids shall comply with Chapter 24.
Sources of ignition shall not be located within 18 inches (457 mm) of the floor and shall comply with Chapters 3 and 35.

2311.3.1 Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Appliances and equipment installed in a repair garage shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
Smoking shall not be allowed in repair garages except in approved locations.

2311.4 Below-Grade Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Pits and below-grade work areas in repair garages shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2311.4.1 Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2311.4.2 Means of Egress

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Means of egress for pits and below-grade work areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2311.4.3 Ventilation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where Class I liquids or LP-gas are stored or used within a building having a basement or pit wherein flammable vapors could accumulate, the basement or pit mechanical ventilation, where provided, shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.
For vehicles powered by gaseous fuels, the fuel shutoff valves shall be closed prior to repairing any portion of the vehicle fuel system.

Vehicles powered by gaseous fuels in which the fuel system has been damaged shall be inspected and evaluated for fuel system integrity prior to being brought into the repair garage. The inspection shall include testing of the entire fuel delivery system for leakage.
Fire extinguishers shall be provided in accordance with Section 906.
Repair garages for the conversion and repair of vehicles that use CNG, liquefied natural gas (LNG), hydrogen or other lighter-than-air motor fuels shall be in accordance with Sections 2311.7 through 2311.7.2.3 in addition to the other requirements of Section 2311.

Exceptions:
  1. Repair garages where work is not performed on the fuel system and is limited to exchange of parts and maintenance not requiring open flame or welding on the CNG-, LNG-, hydrogen- or other lighter-than-air-fueled motor vehicle.
  2. Repair garages for hydrogen-fueled vehicles where work is not performed on the hydrogen storage tank and is limited to the exchange of parts and maintenance not requiring open flame or welding on the hydrogen-fueled vehicle. During the work, the entire hydrogen fuel system shall contain a quantity that is less than 200 cubic feet (5.6 m3) of hydrogen.

2311.7.1 Ventilation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Ventilation required for repair garages used for the repair of natural gas-fueled vehicles or hydrogen-fueled vehicles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

Exception: Repair garages with natural ventilation when approved.

2311.7.1.1 Design

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2311.7.1.2 Operation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The mechanical ventilation system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2311.7.2 Gas Detection System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Gas detection systems required for repair garages used for repair of vehicles fueled by nonodorized gases, including hydrogen and nonodorized liquefied natural gas, shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2311.7.2.1 System Design

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2311.7.2.1.1 Gas Detection System Components

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2311.7.2.2 Operation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

2311.7.2.3 Failure of the Gas Detection System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Facilities for repairing hydrogen fuel systems on hydrogen-fueled vehicles shall have equipment to defuel vehicle storage tanks. Where work must be performed on a vehicle's fuel storage tank for the purpose of maintenance, repair or cylinder certification, defueling and purging shall be conducted in accordance with Section 2309.6.
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