ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Existing Building Code 2015 (IEBC 2015)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Chapter 4 Prescriptive Compliance Method Accessibility

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

401.1 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The applicable provisions of this chapter shall apply to all construction and rehabilitation.

401.1.1 Compliance With Other Methods

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

401.2 Building Materials and Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

401.2.1 Existing Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

401.2.2 New and Replacement Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

401.2.3 Existing Seismic Force-Resisting Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

401.3 Dangerous Conditions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 402 Additions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

402.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

402.2 Flood Hazard Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

402.3 Existing Structural Elements Carrying Gravity Load

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

402.3.1 Design Live Load

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

402.4 Existing Structural Elements Carrying Lateral Load

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

402.5 Smoke Alarms in Existing Portions of a Building

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 402 Change of Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

402.1 Change of Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Existing buildings or structures that undergo a change of occupancy shall comply with this section.

Exception: Type B dwelling or sleeping units required by Section 1107 of the VCC are not required to be provided in existing buildings and facilities undergoing a change of occupancy in conjunction with alterations where the work area is 50 percent or less of the aggregate are of the building.

402.2 Partial Change in Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a portion of the building is changed to a new occupancy classification, additional accessible features are not required due to the change of occupancy.

402.3 Complete Change of Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where an entire building undergoes a change of occupancy classification, it shall have all of the following accessible features:
  1. At least one accessible building entrance.
  2. At least one accessible route from an accessible building entrance to primary function areas.
  3. Signage complying with Section 1111 of the VCC.
  4. Accessible parking, where parking is being provided.
  5. At least one accessible passenger loading zone, when loading zones are provided.
  6. At least one accessible route connecting accessible parking and accessible passenger loading zones to an accessible entrance.
Where it is technically infeasible to comply with the new construction standards for any of these requirements of a change of occupancy, the above items shall conform to the requirements to the maximum extent technically feasible.

Exception: The accessible features listed in Items 1 through 6 are not required for an accessible route to Type B units.

Section 403 Alterations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.2 Flood Hazard Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.3 Existing Structural Elements Carrying Gravity Load

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.3.1 Design Live Load

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.4 Existing Structural Elements Carrying Lateral Load

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.4.1 Seismic Design Category F

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.5 Bracing for Unreinforced Masonry Parapets Upon Reroofing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.6 Wall Anchorage for Unreinforced Masonry Walls in Major Alterations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.7 Bracing for Unreinforced Masonry Parapets in Major Alterations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.8 Roof Diaphragms Resisting Wind Loads in High-Wind Regions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.9 Voluntary Seismic Improvements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.10 Smoke Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.11 Refuge Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.11.1 Smoke Compartments

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.11.2 Ambulatory Care

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.11.3 Horizontal Exits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 403 Additions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

403.1 Additions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Accessibility provisions for new construction shall apply to additions. An addition that affects the accessibility to, or contains an area of, a primary function shall comply with the requirements in Section 410.7, as applicable.

403.2 Accessible Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where Group I-1, I-2, I-3, R-1, R-2 or R-4 dwelling or sleeping units are being added, the requirements of Section 1107 of the VCC for accessible units apply only to the quantity of spaces being added.

403.3 Type A Dwelling or Sleeping Units

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where more than 20 Group R-2 dwelling or sleeping units are being added, the requirements of Section 1107 of the VCC for Type A units and Chapter 9 of the VCC for visible alarms apply only to the quantity of the spaces being added.

403.4 Type B Dwelling or Sleeping Units

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where four or more Group I-1, I-2, R-1, R-2, R-3 or R-4 dwelling or sleeping units are being added, the requirements of Section1107 of the VCC for Type B units and Chapter 9 of the VCC for visible alarms apply only to the quantity of spaces being added.

Section 404 Repairs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

404.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

404.2 Substantial Structural Damage to Vertical Elements of the Lateral Force-Resisting System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

404.2.1 Evaluation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

404.2.2 Extent of Repair for Compliant Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

404.2.3 Extent of Repair for Noncompliant Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

404.3 Substantial Structural Damage to Gravity Load-Carrying Components

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

404.3.1 Lateral Force-Resisting Elements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

404.4 Less Than Substantial Structural Damage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

404.5 Flood Hazard Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 404 Alterations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

404.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An alteration of an existing facility shall not impose a requirement for greater accessibility than that which would be required for new construction. Alterations shall not reduce or have the effect of reducing accessibility of a facility or portion of a facility.

404.2 Alterations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A facility that is altered shall comply with the applicable provisions in this section and Chapter 11 of the VCC, except as modified by Sections 404.3 and 404.4, unless technically infeasible. Where compliance with this section is technical infeasible, the alteration shall provide access to the maximum extent technically feasible.

Exceptions:
  1. The altered element or space is not required to be on an accessible route, unless required by Section 404.3.
  2. Accessible means of egress required by Chapter 10 of the VCC are not required to be provided in existing facilities.
  3. The alteration to Type A individually owned dwelling units within a Group R-2 occupancy shall be permitted to meet the provision for a Type B dwelling unit.
  4. Type B dwelling or sleeping units required by Section 1107 of the VCC are not required to be provided in existing buildings and facilities undergoing a change of occupancy in conjunction with alterations where the work area is 50 percent or less of the aggregate area of the building.

404.3 Alterations Affecting an Area Containing a Primary Function

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where an alteration affects the accessibility to, or contains an area of primary function, the route to the primary function area shall be accessible. The accessible route to the primary function area shall include toilet facilities and drinking fountains that shall also be accessible to and useable by individuals with disabilities, serving the area of primary function.

Exceptions:
  1. The costs of providing the accessible route are not required to exceed 20 percent of the costs of the alterations affecting the area of primary function.
  2. This provision does not apply to alterations limited solely to windows, hardware, operating controls, electrical outlets and signs.
  3. This provision does not apply to alterations limited solely to mechanical systems, electrical systems, installation or alteration of fire protection systems and abatement of hazardous materials.
  4. This provision does not apply to alterations undertaken for the primary purpose of increasing the accessibility of a facility.
  5. This provision does not apply to altered areas limited to Type B dwelling and sleeping units.

404.4 Scoping for Alterations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of Sections 404.4.1 through 404.4.14 shall apply to alterations to existing buildings and facilities.

404.4.1 Entrances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where an alteration includes alterations to an entrance, and the facility has an accessible entrance on an accessible route, the altered entrance is not required to be accessible unless required by Section 404.3. Signs complying with Section 1111 of the VCC shall be provided.

Exception: Where an alteration includes alterations to an entrance, and the facility has an accessible entrance, the altered entrance is not required to be accessible, unless required by Section 410.7. Signs complying with Section 1111 of the VCC shall be provided.

404.4.2 Elevators

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Altered elements of existing elevators shall comply with ASME A17.1/CSA B44 and ICC A117.1. Such elements shall also be altered in elevators programmed to respond to the same hall call control as the altered elevator.

404.4.3 Platform Lifts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Platform (wheelchair) lifts complying with ICC A117.1 and installed in accordance with ASME A18.1 shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route.

404.4.4 Stairways and Escalators

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In alterations, change of occupancy or additions where an escalator or stairway is added where none existed previously and major structural modifications are necessary for installation, an accessible rout shall be provided between the levels served by the escalator or stairways in accordance with Section 1104.4 of the VCC.

404.4.5 Ramps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where steeper slopes than allowed by Section 1012.2 of the VCC are necessitated by space limitations, the slope of ramps in or providing access to existing facilities shall comply with Table 404.4.5.

TABLE 404.4.5
RAMPS


SLOPE MAXIMUM RISE
Steeper than 1:10 but not steeper than 1:8 3 inches
Steeper than 1:12 but not steeper than 1:10 6 inches
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm

404.4.6 Accessible Dwelling or Sleeping Units

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where Group I-1, I-2, I-3, R-1, R-2 or R-4 dwelling or sleeping units are being altered, the requirements of Section 1107 of the VCC for Accessible units apply only to the quantity of the spaces being altered.

404.4.7 Type A Dwelling or Sleeping Units

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where more than 20 Group R-2 dwelling or sleeping units are being altered, the requirements of Section 1107 of the VCC for Type A units and Chapter 9 of the VCC for visible alarms apply only to the quantity of the spaces being altered.

404.4.8 Type B Dwelling or Sleeping Units

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where four or more Group I-1, I-2, R-1, R-2, R-3 or R-4 dwelling or sleeping units are being altered and where the work area is greater than 50 percent of the aggregate area of the building, the requirements of Section 1107 of the VCC for Type B units and Chapter 9 of the VCC for visible alarms apply only to the quantity of the spaces being altered.

Exception: Group I-1, I-2, R-2, R-3 and R-4 dwelling or sleeping units where the first certificate of occupancy was issued before March 15, 1991 are not required to provide Type B dwelling or sleeping units.

404.4.9 Jury Boxes and Witness Stands

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In alterations, accessible wheelchair spaces are not required to be located within the defined area of raised jury boxes or witness stands and shall be permitted to be located outside these spaces where ramp or lift access poses a hazard by restricting or projecting into a required means of egress.

404.4.10 Toilet Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where it is technically infeasible to alter existing toilet and bathing rooms to be accessible, an accessible family or assisted-use toilet or bathing room constructed in accordance with Section 1109.2.1 of the VCC is permitted. The family or assisted-use toilet or bathing room shall be located on the same floor and in the same area as the existing toilet or bathing rooms. At the inaccessible toilet and bathing rooms, provide directional signs indicating the location of the nearest family or assisted-use toilet room or bathing room. These directional signs shall include the International Symbol of Accessibility and sign characters shall meet the visual character requirements in accordance with ICC A117.1.

404.4.11 Dressing, Fitting and Locker Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where it is technically infeasible to provide accessible dressing, fitting or locker rooms at the same location as similar types of rooms, one accessible room on the same level shall be provided. Where separate-sex facilities are provided, accessible rooms for each sex shall be provided. Separate sex facilities are not required where only unisex rooms are provided.

404.4.12 Fuel Dispensers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Operable parts of replacement fuel dispensers shall be permitted to be 54 inches (1370 mm) maximum, measuring from the surface of the vehicular way where fuel dispensers are installed on existing curbs.

404.4.13 Thresholds

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The maximum height of thresholds at doorways shall be 3/4 inch (19.1 mm). Such thresholds shall have beveled edges on each side.

404.4.14 Amusement Rides

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where the structural or operational characteristics of an amusement ride are altered to the extent that the amusement ride's performance differs from that specified by the manufacturer or the original design, the amusement ride shall comply with requirements for new construction in Section 1110.4.8 of the VCC.

404.4.15 Dining Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An accessible route to raised or sunken dining areas or to outdoor seating areas is not required provided that the same services and décor are provided in an accessible space usable by any occupant and not restricted to use by people with a disability.

Section 405 Fire Escapes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.1 Where Permitted

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.1.1 New Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.1.2 Existing Fire Escapes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.1.3 New Fire Escapes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.1.4 Limitations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.2 Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.3 Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.4 Dimensions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.5 Opening Protectives

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 405 Historic Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

405.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
These provisions shall apply to facilities designated as historic buildings or structures that undergo alterations or a change of occupancy, unless technically infeasible. Where compliance with the requirements for accessible routes, entrances or toilet rooms would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the facility, the alternative requirements of Sections 405.1.1 through 405.1.4 for that element shall be permitted.

Exception: Type B dwelling or sleeping units required by Section 1107 of the VCC are not required to be provided in historical buildings.

405.1.1 Site Arrival Points

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
At least one accessible route from a site arrival point to an accessible entrance shall be provided.

405.1.2 Multilevel Buildings and Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An accessible route from an accessible entrance to public spaces on the level of the accessible entrance shall be provided.

405.1.3 Entrances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
At least one main entrance shall be accessible.

Exceptions:
  1. If a main entrance cannot be made accessible, an accessible nonpublic entrance that is unlocked while the building is occupied shall be provided; or
  2. If a main entrance cannot be made accessible, a locked accessible entrance with a notification system or remote monitoring shall be provided.
Signs complying with Section 1111 of the VCC shall be provided at the primary entrance and the accessible entrance.

405.1.4 Toilet and Bathing Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where toilet rooms are provided, at least one accessible family or assisted — use toilet room complying with Section 1109.2.1 of the VCC shall be provided.

Section 406 Glass Replacement and Replacement Windows

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

406.1 Replacement Glass

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

406.2 Replacement Window Opening Control Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

406.3 Replacement Window Emergency Escape and Rescue Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 407 Change of Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

407.1 Conformance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

407.1.1 Change in the Character of Use

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

407.2 Certificate of Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

407.3 Stairways

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

407.4 Structural

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 408 Historic Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

408.1 Historic Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

408.2 Life Safety Hazards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

408.3 Flood Hazard Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 409 Moved Structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

409.1 Conformance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 410 Accessibility for Existing Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.1 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.2 Maintenance of Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.3 Extent of Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.4 Change of Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.4.1 Partial Change in Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.4.2 Complete Change of Occupancy

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.5 Additions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.6 Alterations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.7 Alterations Affecting an Area Containing a Primary Function

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8 Scoping for Alterations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.1 Entrances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.2 Elevators

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.3 Platform Lifts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.4 Stairways and Escalators in Existing Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.5 Ramps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.6 Accessible Dwelling or Sleeping Units

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.7 Type A Dwelling or Sleeping Units

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.8 Type B Dwelling or Sleeping Units

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.9 Jury Boxes and Witness Stands

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.10 Toilet Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.11 Dressing, Fitting and Locker Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.12 Fuel Dispensers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.13 Thresholds

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.8.14 Amusement Rides

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.9 Historic Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.9.1 Site Arrival Points

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.9.2 Multilevel Buildings and Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.9.3 Entrances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

410.9.4 Toilet and Bathing Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
UpCodes Premium
Leverage the most sophisticated code compliance platform.
TRY FREE FOR TWO WEEKS VISIT PRICING