CODES

ADOPTS WITHOUT AMENDMENTS:

International Residential Code 2015 (IRC 2015)

Copyright

Preface

Effective Use of the International Residential Code

Legislation

Part I ‒ Administrative

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

Part II ‒ Definitions

Chapter 2 Definitions

Part III ‒ Building Planning and Construction

Chapter 3 Building Planning

Chapter 4 Foundations

Chapter 5 Floors

Chapter 6 Wall Construction

Chapter 7 Wall Covering

Chapter 8 Roof-Ceiling Construction

Chapter 9 Roof Assemblies

Chapter 10 Chimneys and Fireplaces

Part IV ‒ Energy Conservation

Chapter 11 [RE] Energy Efficiency

Part V ‒ Mechanical

Chapter 12 Mechanical Administration

Chapter 13 General Mechanical System Requirements

Chapter 14 Heating and Cooling Equipment and Appliances

Chapter 15 Exhaust Systems

Chapter 16 Duct Systems

Chapter 17 Combustion Air

Chapter 18 Chimneys and Vents

Chapter 19 Special Appliances, Equipment and Systems

Chapter 20 Boilers and Water Heaters

Chapter 21 Hydronic Piping

Chapter 22 Special Piping and Storage Systems

Chapter 23 Solar Thermal Energy Systems

Part VI ‒ Fuel Gas

Chapter 24 Fuel Gas

Part VII ‒ Plumbing

Chapter 25 Plumbing Administration

Chapter 26 General Plumbing Requirements

Chapter 27 Plumbing Fixtures

Chapter 28 Water Heaters

Chapter 29 Water Supply and Distribution

Chapter 30 Sanitary Drainage

Chapter 31 Vents

Chapter 32 Traps

Chapter 33 Storm Drainage

Part VIII ‒ Electrical

Chapter 34 General Requirements

Chapter 35 Electrical Definitions

Chapter 36 Services

Chapter 37 Branch Circuit and Feeder Requirements

Chapter 38 Wiring Methods

Chapter 39 Power and Lighting Distribution

Chapter 40 Devices and Luminaires

Chapter 41 Appliance Installation

Chapter 42 Swimming Pools

Chapter 43 Class 2 Remote-Control, Signaling and Power-Limited Circuits

Part IX ‒ Referenced Standards

Chapter 44 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Sizing and Capacities of Gas Piping

Appendix B Sizing of Venting Systems Serving Appliances Equipped With Draft Hoods, Category I Appliances, and Appliances Listed for Use With Type B Vents

Appendix C Exit Terminals of Mechanical Draft and Direct-Vent Venting Systems

Appendix D Recommended Procedure for Safety Inspection of an Existing Appliance Installation

Appendix E Manufactured Housing Used as Dwellings

Appendix F Passive Radon Gas Controls

Appendix G Piping Standards for Various Applications

Appendix H Patio Covers

Appendix I Private Sewage Disposal

Appendix J Existing Buildings and Structures

Appendix K Sound Transmission

Appendix L Permit Fees

Appendix M HOME DAY CARE—R-3 OCCUPANCY

Appendix N Venting Methods

Appendix O Automatic Vehicular Gates

Appendix P Sizing of Water Piping System

Appendix Q Reserved

Appendix R Light Straw-Clay Construction

Appendix S Strawbale Construction

Appendix T Recommended Procedure for Worst-Case Testing of Atmospheric Venting Systems Under N1102.4 or N1105 Conditions

Appendix U SOLAR-READY PROVISIONS—DETACHED ONE- AND TWO-FAMILY DWELLINGS, MULTIPLE SINGLE- FAMILY DWELLINGS (TOWNHOUSES)

The text of this chapter is extracted from the 2015 edition of the International Fuel Gas Code and has been modified where necessary to conform to the scope of application of the International Residential Code for One- and Two-Family Dwellings. The section numbers appearing in parentheses after each section number are the section numbers of the corresponding text in the International Fuel Gas Code.
This chapter covers those fuel gas piping systems, fuel-gas appliances and related accessories, venting systems and combustion air configurations most commonly encountered in the construction of one- and two-family dwellings and structures regulated by this code.

Coverage of piping systems shall extend from the point of delivery to the outlet of the appliance shutoff valves (see definition of "Point of delivery"). Piping systems requirements shall include design, materials, components, fabrication, assembly, installation, testing, inspection, operation and maintenance. Requirements for gas appliances and related accessories shall include installation, combustion and ventilation air and venting and connections to piping systems.

The omission from this chapter of any material or method of installation provided for in the International Fuel Gas Code shall not be construed as prohibiting the use of such material or method of installation. Fuel-gas piping systems, fuel-gas appliances and related accessories, venting systems and combustion air configurations not specifically covered in these chapters shall comply with the applicable provisions of the International Fuel Gas Code.

Gaseous hydrogen systems shall be regulated by Chapter 7 of the International Fuel Gas Code.

This chapter shall not apply to the following:

1. Liquified natural gas (LNG) installations.

2. Temporary LP-gas piping for buildings under construction or renovation that is not to become part of the permanent piping system.

3. Except as provided in Section G2412.1.1, gas piping, meters, gas pressure regulators, and other appurtenances used by the serving gas supplier in the distribution of gas, other than undiluted LP-gas.

4. Portable LP-gas appliances and equipment of all types that is not connected to a fixed fuel piping system.

5. Portable fuel cell appliances that are neither connected to a fixed piping system nor interconnected to a power grid.

6. Installation of hydrogen gas, LP-gas and compressed natural gas (CNG) systems on vehicles.
Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter, have the meanings indicated in this chapter.
Words used in the present tense include the future; words in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural, the singular.
Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in the International Building Code, International Fire Code, International Mechanical Code, International Fuel Gas Code or International Plumbing Code, such terms shall have meanings ascribed to them as in those codes.
ACCESS (TO). That which enables a device, appliance or equipment to be reached by ready access or by a means that first requires the removal or movement of a panel, door or similar obstruction (see also "Ready access").

AIR CONDITIONER, GAS-FIRED. A gas-burning, automatically operated appliance for supplying cooled and/or dehumidified air or chilled liquid.

AIR CONDITIONING. The treatment of air so as to control simultaneously the temperature, humidity, cleanness and distribution of the air to meet the requirements of a conditioned space.

AIR, EXHAUST. Air being removed from any space or piece of equipment or appliance and conveyed directly to the atmosphere by means of openings or ducts.

AIR-HANDLING UNIT. A blower or fan used for the purpose of distributing supply air to a room, space or area.

AIR, MAKEUP. Any combination of outdoor and transfer air intended to replace exhaust air and exfiltration.

ALTERATION. A change in a system that involves an extension, addition or change to the arrangement, type or purpose of the original installation.

ANODELESS RISER. A transition assembly in which plastic piping is installed and terminated above ground outside of a building.

APPLIANCE. Any apparatus or device that utilizes a fuel or raw material to produce light, heat, power, refrigeration or air conditioning.

APPLIANCE, AUTOMATICALLY CONTROLLED. Appliances equipped with an automatic burner ignition and safety shut-off device and other automatic devices, which accomplish complete turn-on and shut-off of the gas to the main burner or burners, and graduate the gas supply to the burner or burners, but do not affect complete shut-off of the gas.

APPLIANCE, FAN-ASSISTED COMBUSTION. An appliance equipped with an integral mechanical means to either draw or force products of combustion through the combustion chamber or heat exchanger.

APPLIANCE, UNVENTED. An appliance designed or installed in such a manner that the products of combustion are not conveyed by a vent or chimney directly to the outside atmosphere.

APPLIANCE, VENTED. An appliance designed and installed in such a manner that all of the products of combustion are conveyed directly from the appliance to the outside atmosphere through an approved chimney or vent system.

APPROVED. Acceptable to the code official.

APPROVED AGENCY. An established and recognized agency that is regularly engaged in conducting tests or furnishing inspection services, where such agency has been approved by the code official.

ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE. The pressure of the weight of air and water vapor on the surface of the earth, approximately 14.7 pounds per square inch (psia) (101 kPa absolute) at sea level.

AUTOMATIC IGNITION. Ignition of gas at the burner(s) when the gas controlling device is turned on, including reignition if the flames on the burner(s) have been extinguished by means other than by the closing of the gas controlling device.

BAROMETRIC DRAFT REGULATOR. A balanced damper device attached to a chimney, vent connector, breeching or flue gas manifold to protect combustion appliances by controlling chimney draft. A double-acting barometric draft regulator is one whose balancing damper is free to move in either direction to protect combustion appliances from both excessive draft and backdraft.

BOILER, LOW-PRESSURE. A self-contained appliance for supplying steam or hot water.

Hot water heating boiler. A boiler in which no steam is generated, from which hot water is circulated for heating purposes and then returned to the boiler, and that operates at water pressures not exceeding 160 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) (1100 kPa gauge) and at water temperatures not exceeding 250°F (121°C) at or near the boiler outlet.

Hot water supply boiler. A boiler, completely filled with water, which furnishes hot water to be used externally to itself, and that operates at water pressures not exceeding 160 psig (1100 kPa gauge) and at water temperatures not exceeding 250°F (121°C) at or near the boiler outlet.

Steam heating boiler. A boiler in which steam is generated and that operates at a steam pressure not exceeding 15 psig (100 kPa gauge).

BONDING JUMPER. A conductor installed to electrically connect metallic gas piping to the grounding electrode system.

BRAZING. A metal-joining process wherein coalescence is produced by the use of a nonferrous filler metal having a melting point above 1,000°F (538°C), but lower than that of the base metal being joined. The filler material is distributed between the closely fitted surfaces of the joint by capillary action.

BTU. Abbreviation for British thermal unit, which is the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 pound (454 g) of water 1°F (0.56°C) (1 Btu = 1055 J).

BURNER. A device for the final conveyance of the gas, or a mixture of gas and air, to the combustion zone.

Induced-draft. A burner that depends on draft induced by a fan that is an integral part of the appliance and is located downstream from the burner.

Power. A burner in which gas, air or both are supplied at pressures exceeding, for gas, the line pressure, and for air, atmospheric pressure, with this added pressure being applied at the burner.

CHIMNEY. A primarily vertical structure containing one or more flues, for the purpose of carrying gaseous products of combustion and air from an appliance to the outside atmosphere.

Factory-built chimney. A listed and labeled chimney composed of factory-made components, assembled in the field in accordance with manufacturer's instructions and the conditions of the listing.

Masonry chimney. A field-constructed chimney composed of solid masonry units, bricks, stones or concrete.

CLEARANCE. The minimum distance through air measured between the heat-producing surface of the mechanical appliance, device or equipment and the surface of the combustible material or assembly.

CLOTHES DRYER. An appliance used to dry wet laundry by means of heated air.

Type 1. Factory-built package, multiple production. Primarily used in the family living environment. Usually the smallest unit physically and in function output.

CODE. These regulations, subsequent amendments thereto, or any emergency rule or regulation that the administrative authority having jurisdiction has lawfully adopted.

CODE OFFICIAL. The officer or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of this code, or a duly authorized representative.

COMBUSTIBLE ASSEMBLY. Wall, floor, ceiling or other assembly constructed of one or more component materials that are not defined as noncombustible.

COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL. Any material not defined as noncombustible.

COMBUSTION. In the context of this code, refers to the rapid oxidation of fuel accompanied by the production of heat or heat and light.

COMBUSTION AIR. Air necessary for complete combustion of a fuel, including theoretical air and excess air.

COMBUSTION CHAMBER. The portion of an appliance within which combustion occurs.

COMBUSTION PRODUCTS. Constituents resulting from the combustion of a fuel with the oxygen of the air, including the inert gases, but excluding excess air.

CONCEALED LOCATION. A location that cannot be accessed without damaging permanent parts of the building structure or finish surface. Spaces above, below or behind readily removable panels or doors shall not be considered as concealed.

CONCEALED PIPING. Piping that is located in a concealed location (see "Concealed location").

CONDENSATE. The liquid that condenses from a gas (including flue gas) caused by a reduction in temperature or increase in pressure.

CONNECTOR, APPLIANCE (Fuel). Rigid metallic pipe and fittings, semirigid metallic tubing and fittings or a listed and labeled device that connects an appliance to the gas piping system.

CONNECTOR, CHIMNEY OR VENT. The pipe that connects an appliance to a chimney or vent.

CONTROL. A manual or automatic device designed to regulate the gas, air, water or electrical supply to, or operation of, a mechanical system.

CONVERSION BURNER. A unit consisting of a burner and its controls for installation in an appliance originally utilizing another fuel.

CUBIC FOOT. The amount of gas that occupies 1 cubic foot (0.02832 m3) when at a temperature of 60°F (16°C), saturated with water vapor and under a pressure equivalent to that of 30 inches of mercury (101 kPa).

DAMPER. A manually or automatically controlled device to regulate draft or the rate of flow of air or combustion gases.

DECORATIVE APPLIANCE, VENTED. A vented appliance wherein the primary function lies in the aesthetic effect of the flames.

DECORATIVE APPLIANCES FOR INSTALLATION IN VENTED FIREPLACES. A vented appliance designed for installation within the fire chamber of a vented fireplace, wherein the primary function lies in the aesthetic effect of the flames.

DEMAND. The maximum amount of gas input required per unit of time, usually expressed in cubic feet per hour, or Btu/h (1 Btu/h = 0.2931 W).

DESIGN FLOOD ELEVATION. The elevation of the "design flood," including wave height, relative to the datum specified on the community's legally designated flood hazard map. In areas designated as Zone AO, the design flood elevation shall be the elevation of the highest existing grade of the building's perimeter plus the depth number, in feet, specified on the flood hazard map. In areas designated as Zone AO where a depth number is not specified on the map, the depth number shall be taken as being equal to 2 feet (610 mm).

DILUTION AIR. Air that is introduced into a draft hood and is mixed with the flue gases.

DIRECT-VENT APPLIANCES. Appliances that are constructed and installed so that all air for combustion is derived directly from the outside atmosphere and all flue gases are discharged directly to the outside atmosphere.

DRAFT. The pressure difference existing between the appliance or any component part and the atmosphere, that causes a continuous flow of air and products of combustion through the gas passages of the appliance to the atmosphere.

Mechanical or induced draft. The pressure difference created by the action of a fan, blower or ejector that is located between the appliance and the chimney or vent termination.

Natural draft. The pressure difference created by a vent or chimney because of its height, and the temperature difference between the flue gases and the atmosphere.

DRAFT HOOD. A nonadjustable device built into an appliance, or made as part of the vent connector from an appliance, that is designed to (1) provide for ready escape of the flue gases from the appliance in the event of no draft, backdraft, or stoppage beyond the draft hood, (2) prevent a backdraft from entering the appliance, and (3) neutralize the effect of stack action of the chimney or gas vent upon operation of the appliance.

DRAFT REGULATOR. A device that functions to maintain a desired draft in the appliance by automatically reducing the draft to the desired value.

DRIP. The container placed at a low point in a system of piping to collect condensate and from which the condensate is removable.

DUCT FURNACE. A warm-air furnace normally installed in an air-distribution duct to supply warm air for heating. This definition shall apply only to a warm-air heating appliance that depends for air circulation on a blower not furnished as part of the furnace.

DWELLING UNIT. A single unit providing complete, independent living facilities for one or more persons, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation.

EQUIPMENT. Apparatus and devices other than appliances.

EXCESS FLOW VALVE (EFV). A valve designed to activate when the fuel gas passing through it exceeds a prescribed flow rate.

EXTERIOR MASONRY CHIMNEYS. Masonry chimneys exposed to the outdoors on one or more sides below the roof line.

FIREPLACE. A fire chamber and hearth constructed of noncombustible material for use with solid fuels and provided with a chimney.

Factory-built fireplace. A fireplace composed of listed factory-built components assembled in accordance with the terms of listing to form the completed fireplace.

Masonry fireplace. A hearth and fire chamber of solid masonry units such as bricks, stones, listed masonry units or reinforced concrete, provided with a suitable chimney.

FLAME SAFEGUARD. A device that will automatically shut off the fuel supply to a main burner or group of burners when the means of ignition of such burners becomes inoperative, and when flame failure occurs on the burner or group of burners.

FLASHBACK ARRESTOR CHECK VALVE. A device that will prevent the backflow of one gas into the supply system of another gas and prevent the passage of flame into the gas supply system.

FLOOD HAZARD AREA. The greater of the following two areas:

1. The area within a floodplain subject to a 1 percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year.

2. This area designated as a flood hazard area on a community's flood hazard map, or otherwise legally designated.

FLOOR FURNACE. A completely self-contained furnace suspended from the floor of the space being heated, taking air for combustion from outside such space and with means for observing flames and lighting the appliance from such space.

FLUE, APPLIANCE. The passage(s) within an appliance through which combustion products pass from the combustion chamber of the appliance to the draft hood inlet opening on an appliance equipped with a draft hood or to the outlet of the appliance on an appliance not equipped with a draft hood.

FLUE COLLAR. That portion of an appliance designed for the attachment of a draft hood, vent connector or venting system.

FLUE GASES. Products of combustion plus excess air in appliance flues or heat exchangers.

FLUE LINER (LINING). A system or material used to form the inside surface of a flue in a chimney or vent, for the purpose of protecting the surrounding structure from the effects of combustion products and for conveying combustion products without leakage to the atmosphere.

FUEL GAS. A natural gas, manufactured gas, liquefied petroleum gas or mixtures of these gases.

FURNACE. A completely self-contained heating unit that is designed to supply heated air to spaces remote from or adjacent to the appliance location.

FURNACE, CENTRAL. A self-contained appliance for heating air by transfer of heat of combustion through metal to the air, and designed to supply heated air through ducts to spaces remote from or adjacent to the appliance location.

FURNACE PLENUM. An air compartment or chamber to which one or more ducts are connected and which forms part of an air distribution system.

GAS CONVENIENCE OUTLET. A permanently mounted, manually operated device that provides the means for connecting an appliance to, and disconnecting an appliance from, the supply piping. The device includes an integral, manually operated valve with a nondisplaceable valve member and is designed so that disconnection of an appliance only occurs when the manually operated valve is in the closed position.

GAS PIPING. An installation of pipe, valves or fittings installed on a premises or in a building and utilized to convey fuel gas.

HAZARDOUS LOCATION. Any location considered to be a fire hazard for flammable vapors, dust, combustible fibers or other highly combustible substances. The location is not necessarily categorized in the International Building Code as a high-hazard use group classification.

HOUSE PIPING. See "Piping system."

IGNITION PILOT. A pilot that operates during the lighting cycle and discontinues during main burner operation.

IGNITION SOURCE. A flame spark or hot surface capable of igniting flammable vapors or fumes. Such sources include appliance burners, burner ignitors and electrical switching devices.

INFRARED RADIANT HEATER. A heater which directs a substantial amount of its energy output in the form of infrared radiant energy into the area to be heated. Such heaters are of either the vented or unvented type.

JOINT, FLARED. A metal-to-metal compression joint in which a conical spread is made on the end of a tube that is compressed by a flare nut against a mating flare.

JOINT, MECHANICAL. A general form of gas-tight joints obtained by the joining of metal parts through a positive-holding mechanical construction, such as press joint, flanged joint, threaded joint, flared joint or compression joint.

JOINT, PLASTIC ADHESIVE. A joint made in thermoset plastic piping by the use of an adhesive substance which forms a continuous bond between the mating surfaces without dissolving either one of them.

LABELED. Equipment, materials or products to which have been affixed a label, seal, symbol or other identifying mark of a nationally recognized testing laboratory, inspection agency or other organization concerned with product evaluation that maintains periodic inspection of the production of the above-labeled items and whose labeling indicates either that the equipment, material or product meets identified standards or has been tested and found suitable for a specified purpose.

LEAK CHECK. An operation performed on a gas piping system to verify that the system does not leak.

LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS or LPG (LP-GAS). Liquefied petroleum gas composed predominately of propane, propylene, butanes or butylenes, or mixtures thereof that is gaseous under normal atmospheric conditions, but is capable of being liquefied under moderate pressure at normal temperatures.

LISTED. Equipment, materials, products or services included in a list published by an organization acceptable to the code official and concerned with evaluation of products or services that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment or materials or periodic evaluation of services and whose listing states either that the equipment, material, product or service meets identified standards or has been tested and found suitable for a specified purpose.

LIVING SPACE. Space within a dwelling unit utilized for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, bathing, washing and sanitation purposes.

LOG LIGHTER. A manually operated solid-fuel ignition appliance for installation in a vented solid-fuel-burning fireplace.

MAIN BURNER. A device or group of devices essentially forming an integral unit for the final conveyance of gas or a mixture of gas and air to the combustion zone, and on which combustion takes place to accomplish the function for which the appliance is designed.

METER. The instrument installed to measure the volume of gas delivered through it.

MODULATING. Modulating or throttling is the action of a control from its maximum to minimum position in either predetermined steps or increments of movement as caused by its actuating medium.

NONCOMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS. Materials that, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 136, have at least three of four specimens tested meeting all of the following criteria:

1. The recorded temperature of the surface and interior thermocouples shall not at any time during the test rise more than 54°F (30°C) above the furnace temperature at the beginning of the test.

2. There shall not be flaming from the specimen after the first 30 seconds.

3. If the weight loss of the specimen during testing exceeds 50 percent, the recorded temperature of the surface and interior thermocouples shall not at any time during the test rise above the furnace air temperature at the beginning of the test, and there shall not be flaming of the specimen.

OFFSET (VENT). A combination of approved bends that make two changes in direction bringing one section of the vent out of line, but into a line parallel with the other section.

OUTLET. The point at which a gas-fired appliance connects to the gas piping system.

OXYGEN DEPLETION SAFETY SHUTOFF SYSTEM (ODS). A system designed to act to shut off the gas supply to the main and pilot burners if the oxygen in the surrounding atmosphere is reduced below a predetermined level.

PILOT. A small flame that is utilized to ignite the gas at the main burner or burners.

PIPING. Where used in this code, "piping" refers to either pipe or tubing, or both.

Pipe. A rigid conduit of iron, steel, copper, brass or plastic.

Tubing. Semirigid conduit of copper, aluminum, plastic or steel.

PIPING SYSTEM. All fuel piping, valves and fittings from the outlet of the point of delivery to the outlets of the appliance shutoff valves.

PLASTIC, THERMOPLASTIC. A plastic that is capable of being repeatedly softened by increase of temperature and hardened by decrease of temperature.

POINT OF DELIVERY. For natural gas systems, the point of delivery is the outlet of the service meter assembly or the outlet of the service regulator or service shutoff valve where a meter is not provided. Where a valve is provided at the outlet of the service meter assembly, such valve shall be considered to be downstream of the point of delivery. For undiluted liquefied petroleum gas systems, the point of delivery shall be considered to be the outlet of the service pressure regulator, exclusive of line gas regulators, in the system.

PRESSURE DROP. The loss in pressure due to friction or obstruction in pipes, valves, fittings, regulators and burners.

PRESSURE TEST. An operation performed to verify the gas-tight integrity of gas piping following its installation or modification.

PURGE. To free a gas conduit of air or gas, or a mixture of gas and air.

READY ACCESS (TO). That which enables a device, appliance or equipment to be directly reached, without requiring the removal or movement of any panel, door or similar obstruction. (See "Access.")

REGULATOR. A device for controlling and maintaining a uniform gas supply pressure, either pounds-to-inches water column (MP regulator) or inches-to-inches water column (appliance regulator).

REGULATOR, GAS APPLIANCE. A pressure regulator for controlling pressure to the manifold of the gas appliance.

REGULATOR, LINE GAS PRESSURE. A device placed in a gas line between the service pressure regulator and the appliance for controlling, maintaining or reducing the pressure in that portion of the piping system downstream of the device.

REGULATOR, MEDIUM-PRESSURE (MP Regulator). A line pressure regulator that reduces gas pressure from the range of greater than 0.5 psig (3.4 kPa) and less than or equal to 5 psig (34.5 kPa) to a lower pressure.

REGULATOR, PRESSURE. A device placed in a gas line for reducing, controlling and maintaining the pressure in that portion of the piping system downstream of the device.

REGULATOR, SERVICE PRESSURE. For natural gas systems, a device installed by the serving gas supplier to reduce and limit the service line pressure to delivery pressure. For undiluted liquefied petroleum gas systems, the regulator located upstream from all line gas pressure regulators, where installed, and downstream from any first stage or a high pressure regulator in the system.

RELIEF OPENING. The opening provided in a draft hood to permit the ready escape to the atmosphere of the flue products from the draft hood in the event of no draft, backdraft or stoppage beyond the draft hood, and to permit air into the draft hood in the event of a strong chimney updraft.

RELIEF VALVE (DEVICE). A safety valve designed to forestall the development of a dangerous condition by relieving either pressure, temperature or vacuum in the hot water supply system.

RELIEF VALVE, PRESSURE. An automatic valve that opens and closes a relief vent, depending on whether the pressure is above or below a predetermined value.

RELIEF VALVE, TEMPERATURE.

Manual reset type. A valve that automatically opens a relief vent at a predetermined temperature and that must be manually returned to the closed position.

Reseating or self-closing type. An automatic valve that opens and closes a relief vent, depending on whether the temperature is above or below a predetermined value.

RELIEF VALVE, VACUUM. A valve that automatically opens and closes a vent for relieving a vacuum within the hot water supply system, depending on whether the vacuum is above or below a predetermined value.

RISER, GAS. A vertical pipe supplying fuel gas.

ROOM HEATER, UNVENTED. See "Unvented room heater."

ROOM HEATER, VENTED. A free-standing heating unit used for direct heating of the space in and adjacent to that in which the unit is located. (See also "Vented room heater.")

SAFETY SHUTOFF DEVICE. See "Flame safeguard."

SHAFT. An enclosed space extending through one or more stories of a building, connecting vertical openings in successive floors, or floors and the roof.

SPECIFIC GRAVITY. As applied to gas, specific gravity is the ratio of the weight of a given volume to that of the same volume of air, both measured under the same condition.

THERMOSTAT.

Electric switch type. A device that senses changes in temperature and controls electrically, by means of separate components, the flow of gas to the burner(s) to maintain selected temperatures.

Integral gas valve type. An automatic device, actuated by temperature changes, designed to control the gas supply to the burner(s) in order to maintain temperatures between predetermined limits, and in which the thermal actuating element is an integral part of the device.

1. Graduating thermostat. A thermostat in which the motion of the valve is approximately in direct proportion to the effective motion of the thermal element induced by temperature change.

2. Snap-acting thermostat. A thermostat in which the thermostatic valve travels instantly from the closed to the open position, and vice versa.

THIRD-PARTY CERTIFICATION AGENCY. An approved agency operating a product or material certification system that incorporates initial product testing, assessment and surveillance of a manufacturer's quality control system.

THIRD-PARTY CERTIFIED. Certification obtained by the manufacturer indicating that the function and performance characteristics of a product or material have been determined by testing and ongoing surveillance by an approved third-party certification agency. Assertion of certification is in the form of identification in accordance with the requirements of the third-party certification agency.

THIRD-PARTY TESTED. Procedure by which an approved testing laboratory provides documentation that a product, material or system conforms to specified requirements.

TRANSITION FITTINGS, PLASTIC TO STEEL. An adapter for joining plastic pipe to steel pipe. The purpose of this fitting is to provide a permanent, pressure-tight connection between two materials that cannot be joined directly one to another.

UNIT HEATER.

High-static pressure type. A self-contained, automatically controlled, vented appliance having integral means for circulation of air against 0.2 inch w.c. (50 Pa) or greater static pressure. Such appliance is equipped with provisions for attaching an outlet air duct and, where the appliance is for indoor installation remote from the space to be heated, is also equipped with provisions for attaching an inlet air duct.

Low-static pressure type. A self-contained, automatically controlled, vented appliance, intended for installation in the space to be heated without the use of ducts, having integral means for circulation of air. Such units are allowed to be equipped with louvers or face extensions made in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.

UNVENTED ROOM HEATER. An unvented heating appliance designed for stationary installation and utilized to provide comfort heating. Such appliances provide radiant heat or convection heat by gravity or fan circulation directly from the heater and do not utilize ducts.

VALVE. A device used in piping to control the gas supply to any section of a system of piping or to an appliance.

Appliance shutoff. A valve located in the piping system, used to isolate individual appliances for purposes such as service or replacement.

Automatic. An automatic or semiautomatic device consisting essentially of a valve and an operator that control the gas supply to the burner(s) during operation of an appliance. The operator shall be actuated by application of gas pressure on a flexible diaphragm, by electrical means, by mechanical means or by other approved means.

Automatic gas shutoff. A valve used in conjunction with an automatic gas shutoff device to shut off the gas supply to a water-heating system. It shall be constructed integrally with the gas shutoff device or shall be a separate assembly.

Individual main burner. A valve that controls the gas supply to an individual main burner.

Main burner control. A valve that controls the gas supply to the main burner manifold.

Manual main gas-control. A manually operated valve in the gas line for the purpose of completely turning on or shutting off the gas supply to the appliance, except to pilot or pilots that are provided with independent shutoff.

Manual reset. An automatic shutoff valve installed in the gas supply piping and set to shut off when unsafe conditions occur. The device remains closed until manually reopened.

Service shutoff. A valve, installed by the serving gas supplier between the service meter or source of supply and the customer piping system, to shut off the entire piping system.

VENT. A pipe or other conduit composed of factory-made components, containing a passageway for conveying combustion products and air to the atmosphere, listed and labeled for use with a specific type or class of appliance.

Special gas vent. A vent listed and labeled for use with listed Category II, III and IV gas appliances.

Type B vent. A vent listed and labeled for use with appliances with draft hoods and other Category I appliances that are listed for use with Type B vents.

Type BW vent. A vent listed and labeled for use with wall furnaces.

Type L vent. A vent listed and labeled for use with appliances that are listed for use with Type L or Type B vents.

VENT CONNECTOR. See "Connector."

VENT PIPING.

Breather. Piping run from a pressure-regulating device to the outdoors, designed to provide a reference to atmospheric pressure. If the device incorporates an integral pressure relief mechanism, a breather vent can also serve as a relief vent.

Relief. Piping run from a pressure-regulating or pressure-limiting device to the outdoors, designed to provide for the safe venting of gas in the event of excessive pressure in the gas piping system.

VENTED APPLIANCE CATEGORIES. Appliances that are categorized for the purpose of vent selection are classified into the following four categories:

Category I. An appliance that operates with a nonpositive vent static pressure and with a vent gas temperature that avoids excessive condensate production in the vent.

Category II. An appliance that operates with a nonpositive vent static pressure and with a vent gas temperature that is capable of causing excessive condensate production in the vent.

Category III. An appliance that operates with a positive vent static pressure and with a vent gas temperature that avoids excessive condensate production in the vent.

Category IV. An appliance that operates with a positive vent static pressure and with a vent gas temperature that is capable of causing excessive condensate production in the vent.

VENTED ROOM HEATER. A vented self-contained, free-standing, nonrecessed appliance for furnishing warm air to the space in which it is installed, directly from the heater without duct connections.

VENTED WALL FURNACE. A self-contained vented appliance complete with grilles or equivalent, designed for incorporation in or permanent attachment to the structure of a building, mobile home or travel trailer, and furnishing heated air circulated by gravity or by a fan directly into the space to be heated through openings in the casing. This definition shall exclude floor furnaces, unit heaters and central furnaces as herein defined.

VENTING SYSTEM. A continuous open passageway from the flue collar or draft hood of an appliance to the outdoor atmosphere for the purpose of removing flue or vent gases. A venting system is usually composed of a vent or a chimney and vent connector, if used, assembled to form the open passageway.

WALL HEATER, UNVENTED TYPE. A room heater of the type designed for insertion in or attachment to a wall or partition. Such heater does not incorporate concealed venting arrangements in its construction and discharges all products of combustion through the front into the room being heated.

WATER HEATER. Any heating appliance or equipment that heats potable water and supplies such water to the potable hot water distribution system.
This section shall govern the approval and installation of all equipment and appliances that comprise parts of the installations regulated by this code in accordance with Section G2401.
The requirements for combustion and dilution air for gas-fired appliances shall be governed by Section G2407. The requirements for combustion and dilution air for appliances operating with fuels other than fuel gas shall be regulated by Chapter 17.
Appliances regulated by this code shall be listed and labeled for the application in which they are used unless otherwise approved in accordance with Section R104.11. The approval of unlisted appliances in accordance with Section R104.11 shall be based upon approved engineering evaluation.
Where means for isolation of vibration of an appliance is installed, an approved means for support and restraint of that appliance shall be provided.
Defective material or parts shall be replaced or repaired in such a manner so as to preserve the original approval or listing.
Appliances and supports that are exposed to wind shall be designed and installed to resist the wind pressures determined in accordance with this code.
For structures located in flood hazard areas, the appliance, equipment and system installations regulated by this code shall be located at or above the elevation required by Section R322 for utilities and attendant equipment.

Exception: The appliance, equipment and system installations regulated by this code are permitted to be located below the elevation required by Section R322 for utilities and attendant equipment provided that they are designed and installed to prevent water from entering or accumulating within the components and to resist hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and stresses, including the effects of buoyancy, during the occurrence of flooding to such elevation.
When earthquake loads are applicable in accordance with this code, the supports shall be designed and installed for the seismic forces in accordance with this code.
Buildings or structures and the walls enclosing habitable or occupiable rooms and spaces in which persons live, sleep or work, or in which feed, food or foodstuffs are stored, prepared, processed, served or sold, shall be constructed to protect against the entry of rodents.
Category IV condensing appliances shall be provided with an auxiliary drain pan where damage to any building component will occur as a result of stoppage in the condensate drainage system. Such pan shall be installed in accordance with the applicable provisions of Section M1411.

Exception: An auxiliary drain pan shall not be required for appliances that automatically shut down operation in the event of a stoppage in the condensate drainage system.
Condensate pumps located in uninhabitable spaces, such as attics and crawl spaces, shall be connected to the appliance or equipment served such that when the pump fails, the appliance or equipment will be prevented from operating. Pumps shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
The building shall not be weakened by the installation of any gas piping. In the process of installing or repairing any gas piping, the finished floors, walls, ceilings, tile work or any other part of the building or premises which is required to be changed or replaced shall be left in a safe structural condition in accordance with the requirements of this code.
Truss members and components shall not be cut, drilled, notched, spliced or otherwise altered in any way without the written concurrence and approval of a registered design professional. Alterations resulting in the addition of loads to any member, such as HVAC equipment and water heaters, shall not be permitted without verification that the truss is capable of supporting such additional loading.
Cuts, notches and holes bored in trusses, structural composite lumber, structural glued-laminated members and I-joists are prohibited except where permitted by the manufacturer's recommendations or where the effects of such alterations are specifically considered in the design of the member by a registered design professional.
Appliances shall be located as required by this section, specific requirements elsewhere in this code and the conditions of the equipment and appliance listing.
Appliances shall not be located in sleeping rooms, bathrooms, toilet rooms, storage closets or surgical rooms, or in a space that opens only into such rooms or spaces, except where the installation complies with one of the following:

1. The appliance is a direct-vent appliance installed in accordance with the conditions of the listing and the manufacturer's instructions.

2. Vented room heaters, wall furnaces, vented decorative appliances, vented gas fireplaces, vented gas fireplace heaters and decorative appliances for installation in vented solid fuel-burning fireplaces are installed in rooms that meet the required volume criteria of Section G2407.5.

3. A single wall-mounted unvented room heater is installed in a bathroom and such unvented room heater is equipped as specified in Section G2445.6 and has an input rating not greater than 6,000 Btu/h (1.76 kW). The bathroom shall meet the required volume criteria of Section G2407.5.

4. A single wall-mounted unvented room heater is installed in a bedroom and such unvented room heater is equipped as specified in Section G2445.6 and has an input rating not greater than 10,000 Btu/h (2.93 kW). The bedroom shall meet the required volume criteria of Section G2407.5.

5. The appliance is installed in a room or space that opens only into a bedroom or bathroom, and such room or space is used for no other purpose and is provided with a solid weather-stripped door equipped with an approved self-closing device. All combustion air shall be taken directly from the outdoors in accordance with Section G2407.6.
Appliances installed in outdoor locations shall be either listed for outdoor installation or provided with protection from outdoor environmental factors that influence the operability, durability and safety of the appliance.
Air for combustion, ventilation and dilution of flue gases for appliances installed in buildings shall be provided by application of one of the methods prescribed in Sections G2407.5 through G2407.9. Where the requirements of Section G2407.5 are not met, outdoor air shall be introduced in accordance with one of the methods prescribed in Sections G2407.6 through G2407.9. Direct-vent appliances, gas appliances of other than natural draft design, vented gas appliances not designated as Category I and appliances equipped with power burners, shall be provided with combustion, ventilation and dilution air in accordance with the appliance manufacturer's instructions.

Exception: Type 1 clothes dryers that are provided with makeup air in accordance with Section G2439.5.
Appliances shall be located so as not to interfere with proper circulation of combustion, ventilation and dilution air.
Where used, a draft hood or a barometric draft regulator shall be installed in the same room or enclosure as the appliance served to prevent any difference in pressure between the hood or regulator and the combustion air supply.
Where exhaust fans, clothes dryers and kitchen ventilation systems interfere with the operation of appliances, makeup air shall be provided.
The required volume of indoor air shall be determined in accordance with Section G2407.5.1 or G2407.5.2, except that where the air infiltration rate is known to be less than 0.40 air changes per hour (ACH), Section G2407.5.2 shall be used. The total required volume shall be the sum of the required volume calculated for all appliances located within the space. Rooms communicating directly with the space in which the appliances are installed through openings not furnished with doors, and through combustion air openings sized and located in accordance with Section G2407.5.3, are considered to be part of the required volume.
The minimum required volume shall be 50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu/h (4.8 m3/kW) of the appliance input rating.
Where the air infiltration rate of a structure is known, the minimum required volume shall be determined as follows:

For appliances other than fan-assisted, calculate volume using Equation 24-1.



For fan-assisted appliances, calculate volume using Equation 24-2.



where:

Iother = All appliances other than fan assisted (input in Btu/h).
Ifan = Fan-assisted appliance (input in Btu/h).
ACH = Air change per hour (percent of volume of space exchanged per hour, expressed as a decimal).


For purposes of this calculation, an infiltration rate greater than 0.60 ACH shall not be used in Equations 24-1 and 24-2.
Openings used to connect indoor spaces shall be sized and located in accordance with Sections G2407.5.3.1 and G2407.5.3.2 (see Figure G2407.5.3).



FIGURE G2407.5.3 (304.5.3) ALL AIR FROM INSIDE THE BUILDING (see Section G2407.5.3)
Each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 1,000 Btu/h (2,200 mm2/kW) of the total input rating of all appliances in the space, but not less than 100 square inches (0.06 m2). One opening shall commence within 12 inches (305 mm) of the top and one opening shall commence within 12 inches (305 mm) of the bottom of the enclosure. The minimum dimension of air openings shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm).
The volumes of spaces in different stories shall be considered as communicating spaces where such spaces are connected by one or more openings in doors or floors having a total minimum free area of 2 square inches per 1,000 Btu/h (4402 mm2/kW) of total input rating of all appliances.
Outdoor combustion air shall be provided through opening(s) to the outdoors in accordance with Section G2407.6.1 or G2407.6.2. The minimum dimension of air openings shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm).
Two permanent openings, one commencing within 12 inches (305 mm) of the top and one commencing within 12 inches (305 mm) of the bottom of the enclosure, shall be provided. The openings shall communicate directly or by ducts with the outdoors or spaces that freely communicate with the outdoors.

Where directly communicating with the outdoors, or where communicating with the outdoors through vertical ducts, each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 4,000 Btu/h (550 mm2/kW) of total input rating of all appliances in the enclosure [see Figures G2407.6.1(1) and G2407.6.1(2)].

Where communicating with the outdoors through horizontal ducts, each opening shall have a minimum free area of not less than 1 square inch per 2,000 Btu/h (1,100 mm2/kW) of total input rating of all appliances in the enclosure [see Figure G2407.6.1(3)].



FIGURE G2407.6.1(1) [304.6.1(1)] ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS‒INLET AIR FROM VENTILATED CRAWL SPACE AND OUTLET AIR TO VENTILATED ATTIC (see Section G2407.6.1)


For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.


FIGURE G2407.6.1(2) [304.6.1(2)] ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS THROUGH VENTILATED ATTIC (see Section G2407.6.1)



FIGURE G2407.6.1(3) [304.6.1(3)] ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS (see Section G2407.6.1)
One permanent opening, commencing within 12 inches (305 mm) of the top of the enclosure, shall be provided. The appliance shall have clearances of at least 1 inch (25 mm) from the sides and back and 6 inches (152 mm) from the front of the appliance. The opening shall directly communicate with the outdoors or through a vertical or horizontal duct to the outdoors, or spaces that freely communicate with the outdoors (see Figure G2407.6.2) and shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 3,000 Btu/h (734 mm2/kW) of the total input rating of all appliances located in the enclosure and not less than the sum of the areas of all vent connectors in the space.



FIGURE G2407.6.2 (304.6.2) SINGLE COMBUSTION AIR OPENING, ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS (see Section G2407.6.2)
The use of a combination of indoor and outdoor combustion air shall be in accordance with Sections G2407.7.1 through G2407.7.3.
Where used, openings connecting the interior spaces shall comply with Section G2407.5.3.
Outdoor opening(s) shall be located in accordance with Section G2407.6.
The outdoor opening(s) size shall be calculated in accordance with the following:

1. The ratio of interior spaces shall be the available volume of all communicating spaces divided by the required volume.

2. The outdoor size reduction factor shall be one minus the ratio of interior spaces.

3. The minimum size of outdoor opening(s) shall be the full size of outdoor opening(s) calculated in accordance with Section G2407.6, multiplied by the reduction factor. The minimum dimension of air openings shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm).
Engineered combustion air installations shall provide an adequate supply of combustion, ventilation and dilution air and shall be approved.
Where all combustion air is provided by a mechanical air supply system, the combustion air shall be supplied from the outdoors at a rate not less than 0.35 cubic feet per minute per 1,000 Btu/h (0.034 m3/min per kW) of total input rating of all appliances located within the space.
Where exhaust fans are installed, makeup air shall be provided to replace the exhausted air.
Each of the appliances served shall be interlocked with the mechanical air supply system to prevent main burner operation when the mechanical air supply system is not in operation.
Where combustion air is provided by the building's mechanical ventilation system, the system shall provide the specified combustion air rate in addition to the required ventilation air.
The required size of openings for combustion, ventilation and dilution air shall be based on the net free area of each opening. Where the free area through a design of louver, grille or screen is known, it shall be used in calculating the size opening required to provide the free area specified. Where the design and free area of louvers and grilles are not known, it shall be assumed that wood louvers will have 25-percent free area and metal louvers and grilles will have 75-percent free area. Screens shall have a mesh size not smaller than 1/4 inch (6.4 mm). Nonmotorized louvers and grilles shall be fixed in the open position. Motorized louvers shall be interlocked with the appliance so that they are proven to be in the full open position prior to main burner ignition and during main burner operation. Means shall be provided to prevent the main burner from igniting if the louvers fail to open during burner start-up and to shut down the main burner if the louvers close during operation.
Combustion air ducts shall comply with all of the following:

1. Ducts shall be constructed of galvanized steel complying with Chapter 16 or of a material having equivalent corrosion resistance, strength and rigidity.

Exception: Within dwellings units, unobstructed stud and joist spaces shall not be prohibited from conveying combustion air, provided that not more than one required fireblock is removed.

2. Ducts shall terminate in an unobstructed space allowing free movement of combustion air to the appliances.

3. Ducts shall serve a single enclosure.

4. Ducts shall not serve both upper and lower combustion air openings where both such openings are used. The separation between ducts serving upper and lower combustion air openings shall be maintained to the source of combustion air.

5. Ducts shall not be screened where terminating in an attic space.

6. Horizontal upper combustion air ducts shall not slope downward toward the source of combustion air.

7. The remaining space surrounding a chimney liner, gas vent, special gas vent or plastic piping installed within a masonry, metal or factory-built chimney shall not be used to supply combustion air.

Exception: Direct-vent gas-fired appliances designed for installation in a solid fuel-burning fireplace where installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

8. Combustion air intake openings located on the exterior of a building shall have the lowest side of such openings located not less than 12 inches (305 mm) vertically from the adjoining finished ground level.
Where corrosive or flammable process fumes or gases, other than products of combustion, are present, means for the disposal of such fumes or gases shall be provided. Such fumes or gases include carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, chlorine and halogenated hydrocarbons.

In barbershops, beauty shops and other facilities where chemicals that generate corrosive or flammable products, such as aerosol sprays, are routinely used, nondirect vent-type appliances shall be located in a mechanical room separated or partitioned off from other areas with provisions for combustion air and dilution air from the outdoors. Direct-vent appliances shall be installed in accordance with the appliance manufacturer's instructions.
Equipment and appliances shall be installed as required by the terms of their approval, in accordance with the conditions of listing, the manufacturer's instructions and this code. Manufacturer's installation instructions shall be available on the job site at the time of inspection. Where a code provision is less restrictive than the conditions of the listing of the equipment or appliance or the manufacturer's installation instructions, the conditions of the listing and the manufacturer's installation instructions shall apply.

Unlisted appliances approved in accordance with Section G2404.3 shall be limited to uses recommended by the manufacturer and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, the provisions of this code and the requirements determined by the code official.
Equipment and appliances having an ignition source shall be elevated such that the source of ignition is not less than 18 inches (457 mm) above the floor in hazardous locations and public garages, private garages, repair garages, motor fuel-dispensing facilities and parking garages. For the purpose of this section, rooms or spaces that are not part of the living space of a dwelling unit and that communicate directly with a private garage through openings shall be considered to be part of the private garage.

Exception: Elevation of the ignition source is not required for appliances that are listed as flammable-vapor-ignition resistant.
In residential garages where appliances are installed in a separate, enclosed space having access only from outside of the garage, such appliances shall be permitted to be installed at floor level, provided that the required combustion air is taken from the exterior of the garage.
Appliances located in private garages shall be installed with a minimum clearance of 6 feet (1829 mm) above the floor.

Exception: The requirements of this section shall not apply where the appliances are protected from motor vehicle impact and installed in accordance with Section G2408.2.
Equipment and appliances installed at grade level shall be supported on a level concrete slab or other approved material extending not less than 3 inches (76 mm) above adjoining grade or shall be suspended not less than 6 inches (152 mm) above adjoining grade. Such supports shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Heat-producing equipment and appliances shall be installed to maintain the required clearances to combustible construction as specified in the listing and manufacturer's instructions. Such clearances shall be reduced only in accordance with Section G2409. Clearances to combustibles shall include such considerations as door swing, drawer pull, overhead projections or shelving and window swing. Devices, such as door stops or limits and closers, shall not be used to provide the required clearances.
Appliances shall be supported and connected to the piping so as not to exert undue strain on the connections.
This section shall govern the reduction in required clearances to combustible materials, including gypsum board, and combustible assemblies for chimneys, vents, appliances, devices and equipment. Clearance requirements for air-conditioning equipment and central heating boilers and furnaces shall comply with Sections G2409.3 and G2409.4.
The allowable clearance reduction shall be based on one of the methods specified in Table G2409.2 or shall utilize a reduced clearance protective assembly listed and labeled in accordance with UL 1618. Where required clearances are not listed in Table G2409.2, the reduced clearances shall be determined by linear interpolation between the distances listed in the table. Reduced clearances shall not be derived by extrapolation below the range of the table. The reduction of the required clearances to combustibles for listed and labeled appliances and equipment shall be in accordance with the requirements of this section, except that such clearances shall not be reduced where reduction is specifically prohibited by the terms of the appliance or equipment listing [see Figures G2409.2(1) through 2409.2(3)].


NOTES:
"A" equals the clearance without protection.
"B" equals the reduced clearance permitted in accordance with Table G2409.2. The protection applied to the construction using combustible material shall extend far enough in each direction to make "C" equal to "A."


FIGURE G2409.2(1) [308.2(1)] EXTENT OF PROTECTION NECESSARY TO REDUCE CLEARANCES FROM GAS EQUIPMENT OR VENT CONNECTORS


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.


FIGURE G2409.2(2) [308.2(2)] WALL PROTECTOR CLEARANCE REDUCTION SYSTEM


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.


FIGURE G2409.2(3) [308.2(3)] MASONRY CLEARANCE REDUCTION SYSTEM

TABLE G2409.2 (308.2)a through k REDUCTION OF CLEARANCES WITH SPECIFIED FORMS OF PROTECTION

TYPE OF PROTECTION APPLIED TO
AND COVERING ALL SURFACES OF
COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL WITHIN THE
DISTANCE SPECIFIED AS THE REQUIRED
CLEARANCE WITH NO PROTECTION
[see Figures G2409.2(1), G2409.2(2), and G2409.2(3)]
WHERE THE REQUIRED CLEARANCE WITH NO PROTECTION FROM
APPLIANCE, VENT CONNECTOR, OR SINGLE-WALL METAL PIPE IS: (inches)
36 18 12 9 6
Allowable clearances with specified protection (inches)
Use Column 1 for clearances above appliance or horizontal connector. Use Column 2 for clearances
from appliance, vertical connector and single-wall metal pipe.
Above
Col. 1
Sides
and rear
Col. 2
Above
Col. 1
Sides
and rear
Col. 2
Above
Col. 1
Sides
and rear
Col. 2
Above
Col. 1
Sides
and rear
Col. 2
Above
Col. 1
Sides
and rear
Col. 2
1. 31/2-inch-thick masonry wall without
ventilated airspace
24 12 9 6 5
2. 1/2-inch insulation board over 1-inch glass
fiber or mineral wool batts
24 18 12 9 9 6 6 5 4 3
3. 0.024-inch (nominal 24 gage) sheet metal
over 1-inch glass fiber or mineral wool batts
reinforced with wire on rear face with
ventilated airspace
18 12 9 6 6 4 5 3 3 3
4. 31/2-inch-thick masonry wall with ventilated
airspace
12 6 6 6 6
5. 0.024-inch (nominal 24 gage) sheet metal
with ventilated airspace
18 12 9 6 6 4 5 3 3 2
6. 1/2-inch-thick insulation board with ventilated
airspace
18 12 9 6 6 4 5 3 3 3
7. 0.024-inch (nominal 24 gage) sheet metal
with ventilated airspace over 0.024-inch
(nominal 24 gage) sheet metal with ventilated
airspace
18 12 9 6 6 4 5 3 3 3
8. 1-inch glass fiber or mineral wool batts
sandwiched between two sheets 0.024-inch
(nominal 24 gage) sheet metal with ventilated
airspace
18 12 9 6 6 4 5 3 3 3

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, °C = [(°F - 32)/1.8], 1 pound per cubic foot = 16.02 kg/m3, 1 Btu per inch per square foot per hour per °F = 0.144 W/m2 K.
a. Reduction of clearances from combustible materials shall not interfere with combustion air, draft hood clearance and relief, and accessibility of servicing.
b. All clearances shall be measured from the outer surface of the combustible material to the nearest point on the surface of the appliance, disregarding any intervening protection applied to the combustible material.
c. Spacers and ties shall be of noncombustible material. A spacer or tie shall not be used directly opposite an appliance or connector.
d. For all clearance reduction systems using a ventilated airspace, adequate provision for air circulation shall be provided as described [see Figures G2409.2(2) and G2409.2(3)].
e. There shall be at least 1 inch between clearance reduction systems and combustible walls and ceilings for reduction systems using ventilated airspace.
f. Where a wall protector is mounted on a single flat wall away from corners, it shall have an air gap of not less than 1 inch. To provide air circulation, the bottom and top edges, or only the side and top edges, or all edges shall be left open.
g. Mineral wool batts (blanket or board) shall have a density of not less than 8 pounds per cubic foot and a melting point of not less than 1500°F.
h. Insulation material used as part of a clearance reduction system shall have a thermal conductivity of 1.0 Btu per inch per square foot per hour per °F or less.
i. There shall be not less than 1 inch between the appliance and the protector. The clearance between the appliance and the combustible surface shall not be reduced below that allowed in this table.
j. All clearances and thicknesses are minimum; larger clearances and thicknesses are acceptable.
k. Listed single-wall connectors shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Clearance requirements for indoor air-conditioning appliances shall comply with Sections G2409.3.1 through G2409.3.4.
Air-conditioning appliances shall be installed with clearances in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Air-conditioning appliances shall be permitted to be installed with reduced clearances to combustible material, provided that the combustible material or appliance is protected as described in Table G2409.2 and such reduction is allowed by the manufacturer's instructions.
Where the furnace plenum is adjacent to plaster on metal lath or noncombustible material attached to combustible material, the clearance shall be measured to the surface of the plaster or other noncombustible finish where the clearance specified is 2 inches (51 mm) or less.
Supply air ducts connecting to listed central heating furnaces shall have the same minimum clearance to combustibles as required for the furnace supply plenum for a distance of not less than 3 feet (914 mm) from the supply plenum. Clearance is not required beyond the 3-foot (914 mm) distance.
Clearance requirements for central-heating boilers and furnaces shall comply with Sections G2409.4.1 through G2409.4.5. The clearance to these appliances shall not interfere with combustion air; draft hood clearance and relief; and accessibility for servicing.
Central-heating furnaces and low-pressure boilers shall be installed with clearances in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Central-heating furnaces and low-pressure boilers shall be permitted to be installed with reduced clearances to combustible material provided that the combustible material or appliance is protected as described in Table G2409.2 and such reduction is allowed by the manufacturer's instructions.
Where the furnace plenum is adjacent to plaster on metal lath or noncombustible material attached to combustible material, the clearance shall be measured to the surface of the plaster or other noncombustible finish where the clearance specified is 2 inches (51 mm) or less.
Supply air ducts connecting to listed central heating furnaces shall have the same minimum clearance to combustibles as required for the furnace supply plenum for a distance of not less than 3 feet (914 mm) from the supply plenum. Clearance is not required beyond the 3-foot (914 mm) distance.
Front clearance shall be sufficient for servicing the burner and the furnace or boiler.
Gas piping shall not be used as a grounding electrode.
Electrical connections between appliances and the building wiring, including the grounding of the appliances, shall conform to Chapters 34 through 43.
Each above-ground portion of a gas piping system other than corrugated stainless steel tubing (CSST) that is likely to become energized shall be electrically continuous and bonded to an effective ground-fault current path. Gas piping other than CSST shall be considered to be bonded where it is connected to appliances that are connected to the equipment grounding conductor of the circuit supplying that appliance.
Corrugated stainless steel tubing (CSST) gas piping systems and piping systems containing one or more segments of CSST shall be bonded to the electrical service grounding electrode system or, where provided, the lightning protection electrode system.
The boding jumper shall connect to a metallic pipe, pipe fitting or CSST fitting.
The bonding jumper shall be not smaller than 6 AWG copper wire of equivalent.
The length of the bonding jumper between the connection to a gas piping system and the connection to a grounding electrode system shall not exceed 75 feet (22 860 mm). Any additional grounding electrodes used shall be bonded to the electrical service grounding electrode system or, where provided, the lightning protection grounding electrode system.
Bonding connections shall be in accordance with NFPA 70.
Devices used for making the bonding connections shall be listed for the application in accordance with UL 467.
This section shall govern the design, installation, modification and maintenance of piping systems. The applicability of this code to piping systems extends from the point of delivery to the connections with the appliances and includes the design, materials, components, fabrication, assembly, installation, testing, inspection, operation and maintenance of such piping systems.
Utility service piping located within buildings shall be installed in accordance with the structural safety and fire protection provisions of this code.
The storage system for liquefied petroleum gas shall be designed and installed in accordance with the International Fire Code and NFPA 58.
In modifying or adding to existing piping systems, sizes shall be maintained in accordance with this chapter.
Where an additional appliance is to be served, the existing piping shall be checked to determine if it has adequate capacity for all appliances served. If inadequate, the existing system shall be enlarged as required or separate piping of adequate capacity shall be provided.
For other than steel pipe, exposed piping shall be identified by a yellow label marked "Gas" in black letters. The marking shall be spaced at intervals not exceeding 5 feet (1524 mm). The marking shall not be required on pipe located in the same room as the appliance served.
Where two or more meters are installed on the same premises but supply separate consumers, the piping systems shall not be interconnected on the outlet side of the meters.
Piping from multiple meter installations shall be marked with an approved permanent identification by the installer so that the piping system supplied by each meter is readily identifiable.
All pipe utilized for the installation, extension and alteration of any piping system shall be sized to supply the full number of outlets for the intended purpose and shall be sized in accordance with Section G2413.
Each length of pipe and tubing and each pipe fitting, utilized in a fuel gas system, shall bear the identification of the manufacturer.
Piping, tubing and fittings shall comply with the applicable referenced standards, specifications and performance criteria of this code and shall be identified in accordance with Section G2412.9. Piping, tubing and fittings shall either be tested by an approved third-party testing agency or certified by an approved third-party certification agency.
Piping systems shall be of such size and so installed as to provide a supply of gas sufficient to meet the maximum demand and supply gas to each appliance inlet at not less than the minimum supply pressure required by the appliance.
The volumetric flow rate of gas to be provided shall be the sum of the maximum input of the appliances served.

The total connected hourly load shall be used as the basis for pipe sizing, assuming that all appliances could be operating at full capacity simultaneously. Where a diversity of load can be established, pipe sizing shall be permitted to be based on such loads.

The volumetric flow rate of gas to be provided shall be adjusted for altitude where the installation is above 2,000 feet (610 m) in elevation.
Gas piping shall be sized in accordance with one of the following:

1. Pipe sizing tables or sizing equations in accordance with Section G2413.4.

2. The sizing tables included in a listed piping system's manufacturer's installation instructions.

3. Other approved engineering methods.
Where Tables G2413.4(1) through G2413.4(21) are used to size piping or tubing, the pipe length shall be determined in accordance with Section G2413.4.1, G2413.4.2 or G2413.4.3.

Where Equations 24-3 and 24-4 are used to size piping or tubing, the pipe or tubing shall have smooth inside walls and the pipe length shall be determined in accordance with Section G2413.4.1, G2413.4.2 or G2413.4.3.

1. Low-pressure gas equation [Less than 11/2 pounds per square inch (psi) (10.3 kPa)]:



2. High-pressure gas equation [1.5 psi (10.3 kPa) and above]:



where:

D = Inside diameter of pipe, inches (mm).
Q = Input rate appliance(s), cubic feet per hour at 60°F (16°C) and 30-inch mercury column.
P1 = Upstream pressure, psia (P1 + 14.7).
P2 = Downstream pressure, psia (P2 + 14.7).
L = Equivalent length of pipe, feet.
ΔH = Pressure drop, inch water column (27.7 inch water column = 1 psi).


TABLE G2413.4 (402.4) Cr AND Y VALUES FOR NATURAL GAS AND UNDILUTED PROPANE AT STANDARD CONDITIONS

GAS EQUATION FACTORS
Cr Y
Natural gas 0.6094 0.9992
Undiluted propane 1.2462 0.9910

For SI: 1 cubic foot = 0.028 m3, 1 foot = 305 mm,
1-inch water column = 0.249 kPa,
1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa,
1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.293 W.


TABLE G2413.4(1) [402.4(2)] SCHEDULE 40 METALLIC PIPE

Gas Natural
Inlet Pressure Less than 2 psi
Pressure Drop 0.5 in. w.c.
Specific Gravity 0.60

PIPE SIZE (inches)
Nominal 1/2 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2 21/2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12
Actual ID 0.622 0.824 1.049 1.380 1.610 2.067 2.469 3.068 4.026 5.047 6.065 7.981 10.020 11.938
Length (ft) Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour
10 172 360 678 1,390 2,090 4,020 6,400 11,300 23,100 41,800 67,600 139,000 252,000 399,000
20 118 247 466 957 1,430 2,760 4,400 7,780 15,900 28,700 46,500 95,500 173,000 275,000
30 95 199 374 768 1,150 2,220 3,530 6,250 12,700 23,000 37,300 76,700 139,000 220,000
40 81 170 320 657 985 1,900 3,020 5,350 10,900 19,700 31,900 65,600 119,000 189,000
50 72 151 284 583 873 1,680 2,680 4,740 9,660 17,500 28,300 58,200 106,000 167,000
60 65 137 257 528 791 1,520 2,430 4,290 8,760 15,800 25,600 52,700 95,700 152,000
70 60 126 237 486 728 1,400 2,230 3,950 8,050 14,600 23,600 48,500 88,100 139,000
80 56 117 220 452 677 1,300 2,080 3,670 7,490 13,600 22,000 45,100 81,900 130,000
90 52 110 207 424 635 1,220 1,950 3,450 7,030 12,700 20,600 42,300 76,900 122,000
100 50 104 195 400 600 1,160 1,840 3,260 6,640 12,000 19,500 40,000 72,600 115,000
125 44 92 173 355 532 1,020 1,630 2,890 5,890 10,600 17,200 35,400 64,300 102,000
150 40 83 157 322 482 928 1,480 2,610 5,330 9,650 15,600 32,100 58,300 92,300
175 37 77 144 296 443 854 1,360 2,410 4,910 8,880 14,400 29,500 53,600 84,900
200 34 71 134 275 412 794 1,270 2,240 4,560 8,260 13,400 27,500 49,900 79,000
250 30 63 119 244 366 704 1,120 1,980 4,050 7,320 11,900 24,300 44,200 70,000
300 27 57 108 221 331 638 1,020 1,800 3,670 6,630 10,700 22,100 40,100 63,400
350 25 53 99 203 305 587 935 1,650 3,370 6,100 9,880 20,300 36,900 58,400
400 23 49 92 189 283 546 870 1,540 3,140 5,680 9,190 18,900 34,300 54,300
450 22 46 86 177 266 512 816 1,440 2,940 5,330 8,620 17,700 32,200 50,900
500 21 43 82 168 251 484 771 1,360 2,780 5,030 8,150 16,700 30,400 48,100
550 20 41 78 159 239 459 732 1,290 2,640 4,780 7,740 15,900 28,900 45,700
600 19 39 74 152 228 438 699 1,240 2,520 4,560 7,380 15,200 27,500 43,600
650 18 38 71 145 218 420 669 1,180 2,410 4,360 7,070 14,500 26,400 41,800
700 17 36 68 140 209 403 643 1,140 2,320 4,190 6,790 14,000 25,300 40,100
750 17 35 66 135 202 389 619 1,090 2,230 4,040 6,540 13,400 24,400 38,600
800 16 34 63 130 195 375 598 1,060 2,160 3,900 6,320 13,000 23,600 37,300
850 16 33 61 126 189 363 579 1,020 2,090 3,780 6,110 12,600 22,800 36,100
900 15 32 59 122 183 352 561 992 2,020 3,660 5,930 12,200 22,100 35,000
950 15 31 58 118 178 342 545 963 1,960 3,550 5,760 11,800 21,500 34,000
1,000 14 30 56 115 173 333 530 937 1,910 3,460 5,600 11,500 20,900 33,100
1,100 14 28 53 109 164 316 503 890 1,810 3,280 5,320 10,900 19,800 31,400
1,200 13 27 51 104 156 301 480 849 1,730 3,130 5,070 10,400 18,900 30,000
1,300 12 26 49 100 150 289 460 813 1,660 3,000 4,860 9,980 18,100 28,700
1,400 12 25 47 96 144 277 442 781 1,590 2,880 4,670 9,590 17,400 27,600
1,500 11 24 45 93 139 267 426 752 1,530 2,780 4,500 9,240 16,800 26,600
1,600 11 23 44 89 134 258 411 727 1,480 2,680 4,340 8,920 16,200 25,600
1,700 11 22 42 86 130 250 398 703 1,430 2,590 4,200 8,630 15,700 24,800
1,800 10 22 41 84 126 242 386 682 1,390 2,520 4,070 8,370 15,200 24,100
1,900 10 21 40 81 122 235 375 662 1,350 2,440 3,960 8,130 14,800 23,400
2,000 NA 20 39 79 119 229 364 644 1,310 2,380 3,850 7,910 14,400 22,700

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Notes:
1. NA means a flow of less than 10 cfh.
2. All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(2) [402.4(5)] SCHEDULE 40 METALLIC PIPE

Gas Natural
Inlet Pressure 2.0 psi
Pressure Drop 1.0 psi
Specific Gravity 0.60

PIPE SIZE (inches)
Nominal 1/2 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2 21/2 3 4
Actual ID 0.622 0.824 1.049 1.380 1.610 2.067 2.469 3.068 4.026
Length (ft) Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour
10 1,510 3,040 5,560 11,400 17,100 32,900 52,500 92,800 189,000
20 1,070 2,150 3,930 8,070 12,100 23,300 37,100 65,600 134,000
30 869 1,760 3,210 6,590 9,880 19,000 30,300 53,600 109,000
40 753 1,520 2,780 5,710 8,550 16,500 26,300 46,400 94,700
50 673 1,360 2,490 5,110 7,650 14,700 23,500 41,500 84,700
60 615 1,240 2,270 4,660 6,980 13,500 21,400 37,900 77,300
70 569 1,150 2,100 4,320 6,470 12,500 19,900 35,100 71,600
80 532 1,080 1,970 4,040 6,050 11,700 18,600 32,800 67,000
90 502 1,010 1,850 3,810 5,700 11,000 17,500 30,900 63,100
100 462 934 1,710 3,510 5,260 10,100 16,100 28,500 58,200
125 414 836 1,530 3,140 4,700 9,060 14,400 25,500 52,100
150 372 751 1,370 2,820 4,220 8,130 13,000 22,900 46,700
175 344 695 1,270 2,601 3,910 7,530 12,000 21,200 43,300
200 318 642 1,170 2,410 3,610 6,960 11,100 19,600 40,000
250 279 583 1,040 2,140 3,210 6,180 9,850 17,400 35,500
300 253 528 945 1,940 2,910 5,600 8,920 15,800 32,200
350 232 486 869 1,790 2,670 5,150 8,210 14,500 29,600
400 216 452 809 1,660 2,490 4,790 7,640 13,500 27,500
450 203 424 759 1,560 2,330 4,500 7,170 12,700 25,800
500 192 401 717 1,470 2,210 4,250 6,770 12,000 24,400
550 182 381 681 1,400 2,090 4,030 6,430 11,400 23,200
600 174 363 650 1,330 2,000 3,850 6,130 10,800 22,100
650 166 348 622 1,280 1,910 3,680 5,870 10,400 21,200
700 160 334 598 1,230 1,840 3,540 5,640 9,970 20,300
750 154 322 576 1,180 1,770 3,410 5,440 9,610 19,600
800 149 311 556 1,140 1,710 3,290 5,250 9,280 18,900
850 144 301 538 1,100 1,650 3,190 5,080 8,980 18,300
900 139 292 522 1,070 1,600 3,090 4,930 8,710 17,800
950 135 283 507 1,040 1,560 3,000 4,780 8,460 17,200
1,000 132 275 493 1,010 1,520 2,920 4,650 8,220 16,800
1,100 125 262 468 960 1,440 2,770 4,420 7,810 15,900
1,200 119 250 446 917 1,370 2,640 4,220 7,450 15,200
1,300 114 239 427 878 1,320 2,530 4,040 7,140 14,600
1,400 110 230 411 843 1,260 2,430 3,880 6,860 14,000
1,500 106 221 396 812 1,220 2,340 3,740 6,600 13,500
1,600 102 214 382 784 1,180 2,260 3,610 6,380 13,000
1,700 99 207 370 759 1,140 2,190 3,490 6,170 12,600
1,800 96 200 358 736 1,100 2,120 3,390 5,980 12,200
1,900 93 195 348 715 1,070 2,060 3,290 5,810 11,900
2,000 91 189 339 695 1,040 2,010 3,200 5,650 11,500

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(3) [402.4(9)] SEMIRIGID COPPER TUBING

Gas Natural
Inlet Pressure Less than 2 psi
Pressure Drop 0.5 in. w.c.
Specific Gravity 0.60

TUBE SIZE (inches)
Nominal K & L 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2
ACR 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 11/8 13/8
Outside 0.375 0.500 0.625 0.750 0.875 1.125 1.375 1.625 2.125
Inside 0.305 0.402 0.527 0.652 0.745 0.995 1.245 1.481 1.959
Length (ft) Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour
10 27 55 111 195 276 590 1,060 1,680 3,490
20 18 38 77 134 190 406 730 1,150 2,400
30 15 30 61 107 152 326 586 925 1,930
40 13 26 53 92 131 279 502 791 1,650
50 11 23 47 82 116 247 445 701 1,460
60 10 21 42 74 105 224 403 635 1,320
70 NA 19 39 68 96 206 371 585 1,220
80 NA 18 36 63 90 192 345 544 1,130
90 NA 17 34 59 84 180 324 510 1,060
100 NA 16 32 56 79 170 306 482 1,000
125 NA 14 28 50 70 151 271 427 890
150 NA 13 26 45 64 136 245 387 806
175 NA 12 24 41 59 125 226 356 742
200 NA 11 22 39 55 117 210 331 690
250 NA NA 20 34 48 103 186 294 612
300 NA NA 18 31 44 94 169 266 554
350 NA NA 16 28 40 86 155 245 510
400 NA NA 15 26 38 80 144 228 474
450 NA NA 14 25 35 75 135 214 445
500 NA NA 13 23 33 71 128 202 420
550 NA NA 13 22 32 68 122 192 399
600 NA NA 12 21 30 64 116 183 381
650 NA NA 12 20 29 62 111 175 365
700 NA NA 11 20 28 59 107 168 350
750 NA NA 11 19 27 57 103 162 338
800 NA NA 10 18 26 55 99 156 326
850 NA NA 10 18 25 53 96 151 315
900 NA NA NA 17 24 52 93 147 306
950 NA NA NA 17 24 50 90 143 297
1,000 NA NA NA 16 23 49 88 139 289
1,100 NA NA NA 15 22 46 84 132 274
1,200 NA NA NA 15 21 44 80 126 262
1,300 NA NA NA 14 20 42 76 120 251
1,400 NA NA NA 13 19 41 73 116 241
1,500 NA NA NA 13 18 39 71 111 232
1,600 NA NA NA 13 18 38 68 108 224
1,700 NA NA NA 12 17 37 66 104 217
1,800 NA NA NA 12 17 36 64 101 210
1,900 NA NA NA 11 16 35 62 98 204
2,000 NA NA NA 11 16 34 60 95 199

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Notes:
1. Table capacities are based on Type K copper tubing inside diameter (shown), which has the smallest inside diameter of the copper tubing products.
2. NA means a flow of less than 10 cfh.
3. All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(4) [402.4(12)] SEMIRIGID COPPER TUBING

Gas Natural
Inlet Pressure 2.0 psi
Pressure Drop 1.0 psi
Specific Gravity 0.60

TUBE SIZE (inches)
Nominal K & L 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2
ACR 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 11/8 13/8
Outside 0.375 0.500 0.625 0.750 0.875 1.125 1.375 1.625 2.125
Inside 0.305 0.402 0.527 0.652 0.745 0.995 1.245 1.481 1.959
Length (ft) Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour
10 245 506 1,030 1,800 2,550 5,450 9,820 15,500 32,200
20 169 348 708 1,240 1,760 3,750 6,750 10,600 22,200
30 135 279 568 993 1,410 3,010 5,420 8,550 17,800
40 116 239 486 850 1,210 2,580 4,640 7,310 15,200
50 103 212 431 754 1,070 2,280 4,110 6,480 13,500
60 93 192 391 683 969 2,070 3,730 5,870 12,200
70 86 177 359 628 891 1,900 3,430 5,400 11,300
80 80 164 334 584 829 1,770 3,190 5,030 10,500
90 75 154 314 548 778 1,660 2,990 4,720 9,820
100 71 146 296 518 735 1,570 2,830 4,450 9,280
125 63 129 263 459 651 1,390 2,500 3,950 8,220
150 57 117 238 416 590 1,260 2,270 3,580 7,450
175 52 108 219 383 543 1,160 2,090 3,290 6,850
200 49 100 204 356 505 1,080 1,940 3,060 6,380
250 43 89 181 315 448 956 1,720 2,710 5,650
300 39 80 164 286 406 866 1,560 2,460 5,120
350 36 74 150 263 373 797 1,430 2,260 4,710
400 33 69 140 245 347 741 1,330 2,100 4,380
450 31 65 131 230 326 696 1,250 1,970 4,110
500 30 61 124 217 308 657 1,180 1,870 3,880
550 28 58 118 206 292 624 1,120 1,770 3,690
600 27 55 112 196 279 595 1,070 1,690 3,520
650 26 53 108 188 267 570 1,030 1,620 3,370
700 25 51 103 181 256 548 986 1,550 3,240
750 24 49 100 174 247 528 950 1,500 3,120
800 23 47 96 168 239 510 917 1,450 3,010
850 22 46 93 163 231 493 888 1,400 2,920
900 22 44 90 158 224 478 861 1,360 2,830
950 21 43 88 153 217 464 836 1,320 2,740
1,000 20 42 85 149 211 452 813 1,280 2,670
1,100 19 40 81 142 201 429 772 1,220 2,540
1,200 18 38 77 135 192 409 737 1,160 2,420
1,300 18 36 74 129 183 392 705 1,110 2,320
1,400 17 35 71 124 176 376 678 1,070 2,230
1,500 16 34 68 120 170 363 653 1,030 2,140
1,600 16 33 66 116 164 350 630 994 2,070
1,700 15 31 64 112 159 339 610 962 2,000
1,800 15 30 62 108 154 329 592 933 1,940
1,900 14 30 60 105 149 319 575 906 1,890
2,000 14 29 59 102 145 310 559 881 1,830

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Notes:
1. Table capacities are based on Type K copper tubing inside diameter (shown), which has the smallest inside diameter of the copper tubing products.
2. All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(5) [402.4(15)] CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST)

Gas Natural
Inlet Pressure Less than 2 psi
Pressure Drop 0.5 in. w.c.
Specific Gravity 0.60

TUBE SIZE (EHD)
Flow
Designation
13 15 18 19 23 25 30 31 37 39 46 48 60 62
Length (ft) Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour
5 46 63 115 134 225 270 471 546 895 1,037 1,790 2,070 3,660 4,140
10 32 44 82 95 161 192 330 383 639 746 1,260 1,470 2,600 2,930
15 25 35 66 77 132 157 267 310 524 615 1,030 1,200 2,140 2,400
20 22 31 58 67 116 137 231 269 456 536 888 1,050 1,850 2,080
25 19 27 52 60 104 122 206 240 409 482 793 936 1,660 1,860
30 18 25 47 55 96 112 188 218 374 442 723 856 1,520 1,700
40 15 21 41 47 83 97 162 188 325 386 625 742 1,320 1,470
50 13 19 37 42 75 87 144 168 292 347 559 665 1,180 1,320
60 12 17 34 38 68 80 131 153 267 318 509 608 1,080 1,200
70 11 16 31 36 63 74 121 141 248 295 471 563 1,000 1,110
80 10 15 29 33 60 69 113 132 232 277 440 527 940 1,040
90 10 14 28 32 57 65 107 125 219 262 415 498 887 983
100 9 13 26 30 54 62 101 118 208 249 393 472 843 933
150 7 10 20 23 42 48 78 91 171 205 320 387 691 762
200 6 9 18 21 38 44 71 82 148 179 277 336 600 661
250 5 8 16 19 34 39 63 74 133 161 247 301 538 591
300 5 7 15 17 32 36 57 67 95 148 226 275 492 540

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Notes:
1. Table includes losses for four 90-degree bends and two end fittings. Tubing runs with larger numbers of bends or fittings shall be increased by an equivalent length of tubing to the following equation: L = 1.3n, where L is additional length (feet) of tubing and n is the number of additional fittings or bends.
2. EHD‒Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter, which is a measure of the relative hydraulic efficiency between different tubing sizes. The greater the value of EHD, the greater the gas capacity of the tubing.
3. All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(6) [402.4(18)] CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST)

Gas Natural
Inlet Pressure 2.0 psi
Pressure Drop 1.0 psi
Specific Gravity 0.60

TUBE SIZE (EHD)
Flow
Designation
13 15 18 19 23 25 30 31 37 39 46 48 60 62
Length (ft) Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas Per Hour
10 270 353 587 700 1,100 1,370 2,590 2,990 4,510 5,037 9,600 10,700 18,600 21,600
25 166 220 374 444 709 876 1,620 1,870 2,890 3,258 6,040 6,780 11,900 13,700
30 151 200 342 405 650 801 1,480 1,700 2,640 2,987 5,510 6,200 10,900 12,500
40 129 172 297 351 567 696 1,270 1,470 2,300 2,605 4,760 5,380 9,440 10,900
50 115 154 266 314 510 624 1,140 1,310 2,060 2,343 4,260 4,820 8,470 9,720
75 93 124 218 257 420 512 922 1,070 1,690 1,932 3,470 3,950 6,940 7,940
80 89 120 211 249 407 496 892 1,030 1,640 1,874 3,360 3,820 6,730 7,690
100 79 107 189 222 366 445 795 920 1,470 1,685 3,000 3,420 6,030 6,880
150 64 87 155 182 302 364 646 748 1,210 1,389 2,440 2,800 4,940 5,620
200 55 75 135 157 263 317 557 645 1,050 1,212 2,110 2,430 4,290 4,870
250 49 67 121 141 236 284 497 576 941 1,090 1,890 2,180 3,850 4,360
300 44 61 110 129 217 260 453 525 862 999 1,720 1,990 3,520 3,980
400 38 52 96 111 189 225 390 453 749 871 1,490 1,730 3,060 3,450
500 34 46 86 100 170 202 348 404 552 783 1,330 1,550 2,740 3,090

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Notes:
1. Table does not include effect of pressure drop across the line regulator. Where regulator loss exceeds 3/4 psi, DO NOT USE THIS TABLE. Consult with the regulator manufacturer for pressure drops and capacity factors. Pressure drops across a regulator can vary with flow rate.
2. CAUTION: Capacities shown in the table might exceed maximum capacity for a selected regulator. Consult with the regulator or tubing manufacturer for guidance.
3. Table includes losses for four 90-degree bends and two end fittings. Tubing runs with larger numbers of bends or fittings shall be increased by an equivalent length of tubing to the following equation: L = 1.3n where L is additional length (feet) of tubing and n is the number of additional fittings or bends.
4. EHD‒Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter, which is a measure of the relative hydraulic efficiency between different tubing sizes. The greater the value of EHD, the greater the gas capacity of the tubing.
5. All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(7) [402.4(21)] POLYETHYLENE PLASTIC PIPE

Gas Natural
Inlet Pressure Less than 2 psi
Pressure Drop 0.5 in. w.c.
Specific Gravity 0.60

PIPE SIZE (inches)
Nominal OD 1/2 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2
Designation SDR 9 SDR 11 SDR 11 SDR 10 SDR 11 SDR 11
Actual ID 0.660 0.860 1.077 1.328 1.554 1.943
Length (ft) Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour
10 201 403 726 1,260 1,900 3,410
20 138 277 499 865 1,310 2,350
30 111 222 401 695 1,050 1,880
40 95 190 343 594 898 1,610
50 84 169 304 527 796 1,430
60 76 153 276 477 721 1,300
70 70 140 254 439 663 1,190
80 65 131 236 409 617 1,110
90 61 123 221 383 579 1,040
100 58 116 209 362 547 983
125 51 103 185 321 485 871
150 46 93 168 291 439 789
175 43 86 154 268 404 726
200 40 80 144 249 376 675
250 35 71 127 221 333 598
300 32 64 115 200 302 542
350 29 59 106 184 278 499
400 27 55 99 171 258 464
450 26 51 93 160 242 435
500 24 48 88 152 229 411

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(8) [402.4(22)] POLYETHYLENE PLASTIC PIPE

Gas Natural
Inlet Pressure 2.0 psi
Pressure Drop 1.0 psi
Specific Gravity 0.60

PIPE SIZE (inches)
Nominal OD 1/2 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2
Designation SDR 9 SDR 11 SDR 11 SDR 10 SDR 11 SDR 11
Actual ID 0.660 0.860 1.077 1.328 1.554 1.943
Length (ft) Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour
10 1,860 3,720 6,710 11,600 17,600 31,600
20 1,280 2,560 4,610 7,990 12,100 21,700
30 1,030 2,050 3,710 6,420 9,690 17,400
40 878 1,760 3,170 5,490 8,300 14,900
50 778 1,560 2,810 4,870 7,350 13,200
60 705 1,410 2,550 4,410 6,660 12,000
70 649 1,300 2,340 4,060 6,130 11,000
80 603 1,210 2,180 3,780 5,700 10,200
90 566 1,130 2,050 3,540 5,350 9,610
100 535 1,070 1,930 3,350 5,050 9,080
125 474 949 1,710 2,970 4,480 8,050
150 429 860 1,550 2,690 4,060 7,290
175 395 791 1,430 2,470 3,730 6,710
200 368 736 1,330 2,300 3,470 6,240
250 326 652 1,180 2,040 3,080 5,530
300 295 591 1,070 1,850 2,790 5,010
350 272 544 981 1,700 2,570 4,610
400 253 506 913 1,580 2,390 4,290
450 237 475 856 1,480 2,240 4,020
500 224 448 809 1,400 2,120 3,800
550 213 426 768 1,330 2,010 3,610
600 203 406 733 1,270 1,920 3,440
650 194 389 702 1,220 1,840 3,300
700 187 374 674 1,170 1,760 3,170
750 180 360 649 1,130 1,700 3,050
800 174 348 627 1,090 1,640 2,950
850 168 336 607 1,050 1,590 2,850
900 163 326 588 1,020 1,540 2,770
950 158 317 572 990 1,500 2,690
1,000 154 308 556 963 1,450 2,610
1,100 146 293 528 915 1,380 2,480
1,200 139 279 504 873 1,320 2,370
1,300 134 267 482 836 1,260 2,270
1,400 128 257 463 803 1,210 2,180
1,500 124 247 446 773 1,170 2,100
1,600 119 239 431 747 1,130 2,030
1,700 115 231 417 723 1,090 1,960
1,800 112 224 404 701 1,060 1,900
1,900 109 218 393 680 1,030 1,850
2,000 106 212 382 662 1,000 1,800

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(9) [402.4(25)] SCHEDULE 40 METALLIC PIPE

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 10.0 psi
Pressure Drop 1.0 psi
Specific Gravity 1.50

INTENDED USE Pipe sizing between first stage (high-pressure regulator) and second stage (low-pressure regulator).
PIPE SIZE (inches)
Nominal 1/2 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2 21/2 3 4
Actual ID 0.622 0.824 1.049 1.380 1.610 2.067 2.469 3.068 4.026
Length (ft) Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour
10 3,320 6,950 13,100 26,900 40,300 77,600 124,000 219,000 446,000
20 2,280 4,780 9,000 18,500 27,700 53,300 85,000 150,000 306,000
30 1,830 3,840 7,220 14,800 22,200 42,800 68,200 121,000 246,000
40 1,570 3,280 6,180 12,700 19,000 36,600 58,400 103,000 211,000
50 1,390 2,910 5,480 11,300 16,900 32,500 51,700 91,500 187,000
60 1,260 2,640 4,970 10,200 15,300 29,400 46,900 82,900 169,000
70 1,160 2,430 4,570 9,380 14,100 27,100 43,100 76,300 156,000
80 1,080 2,260 4,250 8,730 13,100 25,200 40,100 70,900 145,000
90 1,010 2,120 3,990 8,190 12,300 23,600 37,700 66,600 136,000
100 956 2,000 3,770 7,730 11,600 22,300 35,600 62,900 128,000
125 848 1,770 3,340 6,850 10,300 19,800 31,500 55,700 114,000
150 768 1,610 3,020 6,210 9,300 17,900 28,600 50,500 103,000
175 706 1,480 2,780 5,710 8,560 16,500 26,300 46,500 94,700
200 657 1,370 2,590 5,320 7,960 15,300 24,400 43,200 88,100
250 582 1,220 2,290 4,710 7,060 13,600 21,700 38,300 78,100
300 528 1,100 2,080 4,270 6,400 12,300 19,600 34,700 70,800
350 486 1,020 1,910 3,930 5,880 11,300 18,100 31,900 65,100
400 452 945 1,780 3,650 5,470 10,500 16,800 29,700 60,600
450 424 886 1,670 3,430 5,140 9,890 15,800 27,900 56,800
500 400 837 1,580 3,240 4,850 9,340 14,900 26,300 53,700
550 380 795 1,500 3,070 4,610 8,870 14,100 25,000 51,000
600 363 759 1,430 2,930 4,400 8,460 13,500 23,900 48,600
650 347 726 1,370 2,810 4,210 8,110 12,900 22,800 46,600
700 334 698 1,310 2,700 4,040 7,790 12,400 21,900 44,800
750 321 672 1,270 2,600 3,900 7,500 12,000 21,100 43,100
800 310 649 1,220 2,510 3,760 7,240 11,500 20,400 41,600
850 300 628 1,180 2,430 3,640 7,010 11,200 19,800 40,300
900 291 609 1,150 2,360 3,530 6,800 10,800 19,200 39,100
950 283 592 1,110 2,290 3,430 6,600 10,500 18,600 37,900
1,000 275 575 1,080 2,230 3,330 6,420 10,200 18,100 36,900
1,100 261 546 1,030 2,110 3,170 6,100 9,720 17,200 35,000
1,200 249 521 982 2,020 3,020 5,820 9,270 16,400 33,400
1,300 239 499 940 1,930 2,890 5,570 8,880 15,700 32,000
1,400 229 480 903 1,850 2,780 5,350 8,530 15,100 30,800
1,500 221 462 870 1,790 2,680 5,160 8,220 14,500 29,600
1,600 213 446 840 1,730 2,590 4,980 7,940 14,000 28,600
1,700 206 432 813 1,670 2,500 4,820 7,680 13,600 27,700
1,800 200 419 789 1,620 2,430 4,670 7,450 13,200 26,900
1,900 194 407 766 1,570 2,360 4,540 7,230 12,800 26,100
2,000 189 395 745 1,530 2,290 4,410 7,030 12,400 25,400

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(10) [402.4(26)] SCHEDULE 40 METALLIC PIPE

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 10.0 psi
Pressure Drop 3.0 psi
Specific Gravity 1.50

INTENDED USE Pipe sizing between first stage (high-pressure regulator) and second stage (low-pressure regulator).
PIPE SIZE (inches)
Nominal 1/2 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2 21/2 3 4
Actual ID 0.622 0.824 1.049 1.380 1.610 2.067 2.469 3.068 4.026
Length (ft) Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour
10 5,890 12,300 23,200 47,600 71,300 137,000 219,000 387,000 789,000
20 4,050 8,460 15,900 32,700 49,000 94,400 150,000 266,000 543,000
30 3,250 6,790 12,800 26,300 39,400 75,800 121,000 214,000 436,000
40 2,780 5,810 11,000 22,500 33,700 64,900 103,000 183,000 373,000
50 2,460 5,150 9,710 19,900 29,900 57,500 91,600 162,000 330,000
60 2,230 4,670 8,790 18,100 27,100 52,100 83,000 147,000 299,000
70 2,050 4,300 8,090 16,600 24,900 47,900 76,400 135,000 275,000
80 1,910 4,000 7,530 15,500 23,200 44,600 71,100 126,000 256,000
90 1,790 3,750 7,060 14,500 21,700 41,800 66,700 118,000 240,000
100 1,690 3,540 6,670 13,700 20,500 39,500 63,000 111,000 227,000
125 1,500 3,140 5,910 12,100 18,200 35,000 55,800 98,700 201,000
150 1,360 2,840 5,360 11,000 16,500 31,700 50,600 89,400 182,000
175 1,250 2,620 4,930 10,100 15,200 29,200 46,500 82,300 167,800
200 1,160 2,430 4,580 9,410 14,100 27,200 43,300 76,500 156,100
250 1,030 2,160 4,060 8,340 12,500 24,100 38,400 67,800 138,400
300 935 1,950 3,680 7,560 11,300 21,800 34,800 61,500 125,400
350 860 1,800 3,390 6,950 10,400 20,100 32,000 56,500 115,300
400 800 1,670 3,150 6,470 9,690 18,700 29,800 52,600 107,300
450 751 1,570 2,960 6,070 9,090 17,500 27,900 49,400 100,700
500 709 1,480 2,790 5,730 8,590 16,500 26,400 46,600 95,100
550 673 1,410 2,650 5,450 8,160 15,700 25,000 44,300 90,300
600 642 1,340 2,530 5,200 7,780 15,000 23,900 42,200 86,200
650 615 1,290 2,420 4,980 7,450 14,400 22,900 40,500 82,500
700 591 1,240 2,330 4,780 7,160 13,800 22,000 38,900 79,300
750 569 1,190 2,240 4,600 6,900 13,300 21,200 37,400 76,400
800 550 1,150 2,170 4,450 6,660 12,800 20,500 36,200 73,700
850 532 1,110 2,100 4,300 6,450 12,400 19,800 35,000 71,400
900 516 1,080 2,030 4,170 6,250 12,000 19,200 33,900 69,200
950 501 1,050 1,970 4,050 6,070 11,700 18,600 32,900 67,200
1,000 487 1,020 1,920 3,940 5,900 11,400 18,100 32,000 65,400
1,100 463 968 1,820 3,740 5,610 10,800 17,200 30,400 62,100
1,200 442 923 1,740 3,570 5,350 10,300 16,400 29,000 59,200
1,300 423 884 1,670 3,420 5,120 9,870 15,700 27,800 56,700
1,400 406 849 1,600 3,280 4,920 9,480 15,100 26,700 54,500
1,500 391 818 1,540 3,160 4,740 9,130 14,600 25,700 52,500
1,600 378 790 1,490 3,060 4,580 8,820 14,100 24,800 50,700
1,700 366 765 1,440 2,960 4,430 8,530 13,600 24,000 49,000
1,800 355 741 1,400 2,870 4,300 8,270 13,200 23,300 47,600
1,900 344 720 1,360 2,780 4,170 8,040 12,800 22,600 46,200
2,000 335 700 1,320 2,710 4,060 7,820 12,500 22,000 44,900

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(11) [402.4(27)] SCHEDULE 40 METALLIC PIPE

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 2.0 psi
Pressure Drop 1.0 psi
Specific Gravity 1.50

INTENDED USE Pipe sizing between 2 psig service and line pressure regulator.
PIPE SIZE (inches)
Nominal 1/2 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2 21/2 3 4
Actual ID 0.622 0.824 1.049 1.380 1.610 2.067 2.469 3.068 4.026
Length (ft) Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour
10 2,680 5,590 10,500 21,600 32,400 62,400 99,500 176,000 359,000
20 1,840 3,850 7,240 14,900 22,300 42,900 68,400 121,000 247,000
30 1,480 3,090 5,820 11,900 17,900 34,500 54,900 97,100 198,000
40 1,260 2,640 4,980 10,200 15,300 29,500 47,000 83,100 170,000
50 1,120 2,340 4,410 9,060 13,600 26,100 41,700 73,700 150,000
60 1,010 2,120 4,000 8,210 12,300 23,700 37,700 66,700 136,000
70 934 1,950 3,680 7,550 11,300 21,800 34,700 61,400 125,000
80 869 1,820 3,420 7,020 10,500 20,300 32,300 57,100 116,000
90 815 1,700 3,210 6,590 9,880 19,000 30,300 53,600 109,000
100 770 1,610 3,030 6,230 9,330 18,000 28,600 50,600 103,000
125 682 1,430 2,690 5,520 8,270 15,900 25,400 44,900 91,500
150 618 1,290 2,440 5,000 7,490 14,400 23,000 40,700 82,900
175 569 1,190 2,240 4,600 6,890 13,300 21,200 37,400 76,300
200 529 1,110 2,080 4,280 6,410 12,300 19,700 34,800 71,000
250 469 981 1,850 3,790 5,680 10,900 17,400 30,800 62,900
300 425 889 1,670 3,440 5,150 9,920 15,800 27,900 57,000
350 391 817 1,540 3,160 4,740 9,120 14,500 25,700 52,400
400 364 760 1,430 2,940 4,410 8,490 13,500 23,900 48,800
450 341 714 1,340 2,760 4,130 7,960 12,700 22,400 45,800
500 322 674 1,270 2,610 3,910 7,520 12,000 21,200 43,200
550 306 640 1,210 2,480 3,710 7,140 11,400 20,100 41,100
600 292 611 1,150 2,360 3,540 6,820 10,900 19,200 39,200
650 280 585 1,100 2,260 3,390 6,530 10,400 18,400 37,500
700 269 562 1,060 2,170 3,260 6,270 9,990 17,700 36,000
750 259 541 1,020 2,090 3,140 6,040 9,630 17,000 34,700
800 250 523 985 2,020 3,030 5,830 9,300 16,400 33,500
850 242 506 953 1,960 2,930 5,640 9,000 15,900 32,400
900 235 490 924 1,900 2,840 5,470 8,720 15,400 31,500
950 228 476 897 1,840 2,760 5,310 8,470 15,000 30,500
1,000 222 463 873 1,790 2,680 5,170 8,240 14,600 29,700
1,100 210 440 829 1,700 2,550 4,910 7,830 13,800 28,200
1,200 201 420 791 1,620 2,430 4,680 7,470 13,200 26,900
1,300 192 402 757 1,550 2,330 4,490 7,150 12,600 25,800
1,400 185 386 727 1,490 2,240 4,310 6,870 12,100 24,800
1,500 178 372 701 1,440 2,160 4,150 6,620 11,700 23,900
1,600 172 359 677 1,390 2,080 4,010 6,390 11,300 23,000
1,700 166 348 655 1,340 2,010 3,880 6,180 10,900 22,300
1,800 161 337 635 1,300 1,950 3,760 6,000 10,600 21,600
1,900 157 327 617 1,270 1,900 3,650 5,820 10,300 21,000
2,000 152 318 600 1,230 1,840 3,550 5,660 10,000 20,400

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(12) [402.4(28)] SCHEDULE 40 METALLIC PIPE

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 11.0 in. w.c.
Pressure Drop 0.5 in. w.c.
Specific Gravity 1.50

INTENDED USE Pipe sizing between single- or second-stage (low pressure) regulator and appliance.
PIPE SIZE (inches)
Nominal 1/2 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2 21/2 3 4
Actual ID 0.622 0.824 1.049 1.380 1.610 2.067 2.469 3.068 4.026
Length (ft) Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour
10 291 608 1,150 2,350 3,520 6,790 10,800 19,100 39,000
20 200 418 787 1,620 2,420 4,660 7,430 13,100 26,800
30 160 336 632 1,300 1,940 3,750 5,970 10,600 21,500
40 137 287 541 1,110 1,660 3,210 5,110 9,030 18,400
50 122 255 480 985 1,480 2,840 4,530 8,000 16,300
60 110 231 434 892 1,340 2,570 4,100 7,250 14,800
80 101 212 400 821 1,230 2,370 3,770 6,670 13,600
100 94 197 372 763 1,140 2,200 3,510 6,210 12,700
125 89 185 349 716 1,070 2,070 3,290 5,820 11,900
150 84 175 330 677 1,010 1,950 3,110 5,500 11,200
175 74 155 292 600 899 1,730 2,760 4,880 9,950
200 67 140 265 543 814 1,570 2,500 4,420 9,010
250 62 129 243 500 749 1,440 2,300 4,060 8,290
300 58 120 227 465 697 1,340 2,140 3,780 7,710
350 51 107 201 412 618 1,190 1,900 3,350 6,840
400 46 97 182 373 560 1,080 1,720 3,040 6,190
450 42 89 167 344 515 991 1,580 2,790 5,700
500 40 83 156 320 479 922 1,470 2,600 5,300
550 37 78 146 300 449 865 1,380 2,440 4,970
600 35 73 138 283 424 817 1,300 2,300 4,700
650 33 70 131 269 403 776 1,240 2,190 4,460
700 32 66 125 257 385 741 1,180 2,090 4,260
750 30 64 120 246 368 709 1,130 2,000 4,080
800 29 61 115 236 354 681 1,090 1,920 3,920
850 28 59 111 227 341 656 1,050 1,850 3,770
900 27 57 107 220 329 634 1,010 1,790 3,640
950 26 55 104 213 319 613 978 1,730 3,530
1,000 25 53 100 206 309 595 948 1,680 3,420
1,100 25 52 97 200 300 578 921 1,630 3,320
1,200 24 50 95 195 292 562 895 1,580 3,230
1,300 23 48 90 185 277 534 850 1,500 3,070
1,400 22 46 86 176 264 509 811 1,430 2,930
1,500 21 44 82 169 253 487 777 1,370 2,800
1,200 24 50 95 195 292 562 895 1,580 3,230
1,300 23 48 90 185 277 534 850 1,500 3,070
1,400 22 46 86 176 264 509 811 1,430 2,930
1,500 21 44 82 169 253 487 777 1,370 2,800
1,600 20 42 79 162 243 468 746 1,320 2,690
1,700 19 40 76 156 234 451 719 1,270 2,590
1,800 19 39 74 151 226 436 694 1,230 2,500
1,900 18 38 71 146 219 422 672 1,190 2,420
2,000 18 37 69 142 212 409 652 1,150 2,350

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa,
1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(13) [402.4(29)] SEMIRIGID COPPER TUBING

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 10.0 psi
Pressure Drop 1.0 psi
Specific Gravity 1.50

INTENDED USE Sizing between first stage (high-pressure regulator) and second stage (low-pressure regulator).
TUBE SIZE (inches)
Nominal K & L 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2
ACR 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 11/8 13/8
Outside 0.375 0.500 0.625 0.750 0.875 1.125 1.375 1.625 2.125
Inside 0.305 0.402 0.527 0.652 0.745 0.995 1.245 1.481 1.959
Length (ft) Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour
10 513 1,060 2,150 3,760 5,330 11,400 20,500 32,300 67,400
20 352 727 1,480 2,580 3,670 7,830 14,100 22,200 46,300
30 283 584 1,190 2,080 2,940 6,290 11,300 17,900 37,200
40 242 500 1,020 1,780 2,520 5,380 9,690 15,300 31,800
50 215 443 901 1,570 2,230 4,770 8,590 13,500 28,200
60 194 401 816 1,430 2,020 4,320 7,780 12,300 25,600
70 179 369 751 1,310 1,860 3,980 7,160 11,300 23,500
80 166 343 699 1,220 1,730 3,700 6,660 10,500 21,900
90 156 322 655 1,150 1,630 3,470 6,250 9,850 20,500
100 147 304 619 1,080 1,540 3,280 5,900 9,310 19,400
125 131 270 549 959 1,360 2,910 5,230 8,250 17,200
150 118 244 497 869 1,230 2,630 4,740 7,470 15,600
175 109 225 457 799 1,130 2,420 4,360 6,880 14,300
200 101 209 426 744 1,060 2,250 4,060 6,400 13,300
250 90 185 377 659 935 2,000 3,600 5,670 11,800
300 81 168 342 597 847 1,810 3,260 5,140 10,700
350 75 155 314 549 779 1,660 3,000 4,730 9,840
400 70 144 292 511 725 1,550 2,790 4,400 9,160
450 65 135 274 480 680 1,450 2,620 4,130 8,590
500 62 127 259 453 643 1,370 2,470 3,900 8,120
550 59 121 246 430 610 1,300 2,350 3,700 7,710
600 56 115 235 410 582 1,240 2,240 3,530 7,350
650 54 111 225 393 558 1,190 2,140 3,380 7,040
700 51 106 216 378 536 1,140 2,060 3,250 6,770
750 50 102 208 364 516 1,100 1,980 3,130 6,520
800 48 99 201 351 498 1,060 1,920 3,020 6,290
850 46 96 195 340 482 1,030 1,850 2,920 6,090
900 45 93 189 330 468 1,000 1,800 2,840 5,910
950 44 90 183 320 454 970 1,750 2,750 5,730
1,000 42 88 178 311 442 944 1,700 2,680 5,580
1,100 40 83 169 296 420 896 1,610 2,540 5,300
1,200 38 79 161 282 400 855 1,540 2,430 5,050
1,300 37 76 155 270 383 819 1,470 2,320 4,840
1,400 35 73 148 260 368 787 1,420 2,230 4,650
1,500 34 70 143 250 355 758 1,360 2,150 4,480
1,600 33 68 138 241 343 732 1,320 2,080 4,330
1,700 32 66 134 234 331 708 1,270 2,010 4,190
1,800 31 64 130 227 321 687 1,240 1,950 4,060
1,900 30 62 126 220 312 667 1,200 1,890 3,940
2,000 29 60 122 214 304 648 1,170 1,840 3,830

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Notes:
1. Table capacities are based on Type K copper tubing inside diameter (shown), which has the smallest inside diameter of the copper tubing products.
2. All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(14) [402.4(30)] SEMIRIGID COPPER TUBING

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 11.0 in. w.c.
Pressure Drop 0.5 in. w.c.
Specific Gravity 1.50

INTENDED USE Sizing between single- or second-stage (low-pressure regulator) and appliance.
TUBE SIZE (inches)
Nominal K & L 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2
ACR 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 11/8 13/8
Outside 0.375 0.500 0.625 0.750 0.875 1.125 1.375 1.625 2.125
Inside 0.305 0.402 0.527 0.652 0.745 0.995 1.245 1.481 1.959
Length (ft) Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour
10 45 93 188 329 467 997 1,800 2,830 5,890
20 31 64 129 226 321 685 1,230 1,950 4,050
30 25 51 104 182 258 550 991 1,560 3,250
40 21 44 89 155 220 471 848 1,340 2,780
50 19 39 79 138 195 417 752 1,180 2,470
60 17 35 71 125 177 378 681 1,070 2,240
70 16 32 66 115 163 348 626 988 2,060
80 15 30 61 107 152 324 583 919 1,910
90 14 28 57 100 142 304 547 862 1,800
100 13 27 54 95 134 287 517 814 1,700
125 11 24 48 84 119 254 458 722 1,500
150 10 21 44 76 108 230 415 654 1,360
175 NA 20 40 70 99 212 382 602 1,250
200 NA 18 37 65 92 197 355 560 1,170
250 NA 16 33 58 82 175 315 496 1,030
300 NA 15 30 52 74 158 285 449 936
350 NA 14 28 48 68 146 262 414 861
400 NA 13 26 45 63 136 244 385 801
450 NA 12 24 42 60 127 229 361 752
500 NA 11 23 40 56 120 216 341 710
550 NA 11 22 38 53 114 205 324 674
600 NA 10 21 36 51 109 196 309 643
650 NA NA 20 34 49 104 188 296 616
700 NA NA 19 33 47 100 180 284 592
750 NA NA 18 32 45 96 174 274 570
800 NA NA 18 31 44 93 168 264 551
850 NA NA 17 30 42 90 162 256 533
900 NA NA 17 29 41 87 157 248 517
950 NA NA 16 28 40 85 153 241 502
1,000 NA NA 16 27 39 83 149 234 488
1,100 NA NA 15 26 37 78 141 223 464
1,200 NA NA 14 25 35 75 135 212 442
1,300 NA NA 14 24 34 72 129 203 423
1,400 NA NA 13 23 32 69 124 195 407
1,500 NA NA 13 22 31 66 119 188 392
1,600 NA NA 12 21 30 64 115 182 378
1,700 NA NA 12 20 29 62 112 176 366
1,800 NA NA 11 20 28 60 108 170 355
1,900 NA NA 11 19 27 58 105 166 345
2,000 NA NA 11 19 27 57 102 161 335

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Notes:
1. Table capacities are based on Type K copper tubing inside diameter (shown), which has the smallest inside diameter of the copper tubing products.
2. NA means a flow of less than 10,000 Btu/hr.
3. All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(15) [402.4(31)] SEMIRIGID COPPER TUBING

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 2.0 psi
Pressure Drop 1.0 psi
Specific Gravity 1.50

INTENDED USE Tube sizing between 2 psig service and line pressure regulator.
TUBE SIZE (inches)
Nominal K & L 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2
ACR 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 11/8 13/8
Outside 0.375 0.500 0.625 0.750 0.875 1.125 1.375 1.625 2.125
Inside 0.305 0.402 0.527 0.652 0.745 0.995 1.245 1.481 1.959
Length (ft) Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour
10 413 852 1,730 3,030 4,300 9,170 16,500 26,000 54,200
20 284 585 1,190 2,080 2,950 6,310 11,400 17,900 37,300
30 228 470 956 1,670 2,370 5,060 9,120 14,400 29,900
40 195 402 818 1,430 2,030 4,330 7,800 12,300 25,600
50 173 356 725 1,270 1,800 3,840 6,920 10,900 22,700
60 157 323 657 1,150 1,630 3,480 6,270 9,880 20,600
70 144 297 605 1,060 1,500 3,200 5,760 9,090 18,900
80 134 276 562 983 1,390 2,980 5,360 8,450 17,600
90 126 259 528 922 1,310 2,790 5,030 7,930 16,500
100 119 245 498 871 1,240 2,640 4,750 7,490 15,600
125 105 217 442 772 1,100 2,340 4,210 6,640 13,800
150 95 197 400 700 992 2,120 3,820 6,020 12,500
175 88 181 368 644 913 1,950 3,510 5,540 11,500
200 82 168 343 599 849 1,810 3,270 5,150 10,700
250 72 149 304 531 753 1,610 2,900 4,560 9,510
300 66 135 275 481 682 1,460 2,620 4,140 8,610
350 60 124 253 442 628 1,340 2,410 3,800 7,920
400 56 116 235 411 584 1,250 2,250 3,540 7,370
450 53 109 221 386 548 1,170 2,110 3,320 6,920
500 50 103 209 365 517 1,110 1,990 3,140 6,530
550 47 97 198 346 491 1,050 1,890 2,980 6,210
600 45 93 189 330 469 1,000 1,800 2,840 5,920
650 43 89 181 316 449 959 1,730 2,720 5,670
700 41 86 174 304 431 921 1,660 2,620 5,450
750 40 82 168 293 415 888 1,600 2,520 5,250
800 39 80 162 283 401 857 1,540 2,430 5,070
850 37 77 157 274 388 829 1,490 2,350 4,900
900 36 75 152 265 376 804 1,450 2,280 4,750
950 35 72 147 258 366 781 1,410 2,220 4,620
1,000 34 71 143 251 356 760 1,370 2,160 4,490
1,100 32 67 136 238 338 721 1,300 2,050 4,270
1,200 31 64 130 227 322 688 1,240 1,950 4,070
1,300 30 61 124 217 309 659 1,190 1,870 3,900
1,400 28 59 120 209 296 633 1,140 1,800 3,740
1,500 27 57 115 201 286 610 1,100 1,730 3,610
1,600 26 55 111 194 276 589 1,060 1,670 3,480
1,700 26 53 108 188 267 570 1,030 1,620 3,370
1,800 25 51 104 182 259 553 1,000 1,570 3,270
1,900 24 50 101 177 251 537 966 1,520 3,170
2,000 23 48 99 172 244 522 940 1,480 3,090

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Notes:
1. Table capacities are based on Type K copper tubing inside diameter (shown), which has the smallest inside diameter of the copper tubing products.
2. All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(16) [402.4(32)] CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST)

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 11.0 in. w.c.
Pressure Drop 0.5 in. w.c.
Specific Gravity 1.50

INTENDED USE: SIZING BETWEEN SINGLE OR SECOND STAGE (Low Pressure) REGULATOR AND THE APPLIANCE SHUTOFF VALVE.
TUBE SIZE (EHD)
Flow
Designation
13 15 18 19 23 25 30 31 37 39 46 48 60 62
Length (ft) Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour
5 72 99 181 211 355 426 744 863 1,420 1,638 2,830 3,270 5,780 6,550
10 50 69 129 150 254 303 521 605 971 1,179 1,990 2,320 4,110 4,640
15 39 55 104 121 208 248 422 490 775 972 1,620 1,900 3,370 3,790
20 34 49 91 106 183 216 365 425 661 847 1,400 1,650 2,930 3,290
25 30 42 82 94 164 192 325 379 583 762 1,250 1,480 2,630 2,940
30 28 39 74 87 151 177 297 344 528 698 1,140 1,350 2,400 2,680
40 23 33 64 74 131 153 256 297 449 610 988 1,170 2,090 2,330
50 20 30 58 66 118 137 227 265 397 548 884 1,050 1,870 2,080
60 19 26 53 60 107 126 207 241 359 502 805 961 1,710 1,900
70 17 25 49 57 99 117 191 222 330 466 745 890 1,590 1,760
80 15 23 45 52 94 109 178 208 307 438 696 833 1,490 1,650
90 15 22 44 50 90 102 169 197 286 414 656 787 1,400 1,550
100 14 20 41 47 85 98 159 186 270 393 621 746 1,330 1,480
150 11 15 31 36 66 75 123 143 217 324 506 611 1,090 1,210
200 9 14 28 33 60 69 112 129 183 283 438 531 948 1,050
250 8 12 25 30 53 61 99 117 163 254 390 476 850 934
300 8 11 23 26 50 57 90 107 147 234 357 434 777 854

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Notes:
1. Table includes losses for four 90-degree bends and two end fittings. Tubing runs with larger numbers of bends or fittings shall be increased by an equivalent length of tubing to the following equation: L = 1.3n where L is additional length (feet) of tubing and n is the number of additional fittings or bends.
2. EHD‒Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter, which is a measure of the relative hydraulic efficiency between different tubing sizes. The greater the value of EHD, the greater the gas capacity of the tubing.
3. All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(17) [402.4(33)] CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST)

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 2.0 psi
Pressure Drop 1.0 psi
Specific Gravity 1.50

INTENDED USE: SIZING BETWEEN 2 PSI SERVICE AND THE LINE PRESSURE REGULATOR.
TUBE SIZE (EHD)
Flow
Designation
13 15 18 19 23 25 30 31 37 39 46 48 60 62
Length (ft) Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour
10 426 558 927 1,110 1,740 2,170 4,100 4,720 7,130 7,958 15,200 16,800 29,400 34,200
25 262 347 591 701 1,120 1,380 2,560 2,950 4,560 5,147 9,550 10,700 18,800 21,700
30 238 316 540 640 1,030 1,270 2,330 2,690 4,180 4,719 8,710 9,790 17,200 19,800
40 203 271 469 554 896 1,100 2,010 2,320 3,630 4,116 7,530 8,500 14,900 17,200
50 181 243 420 496 806 986 1,790 2,070 3,260 3,702 6,730 7,610 13,400 15,400
75 147 196 344 406 663 809 1,460 1,690 2,680 3,053 5,480 6,230 11,000 12,600
80 140 189 333 393 643 768 1,410 1,630 2,590 2,961 5,300 6,040 10,600 12,200
100 124 169 298 350 578 703 1,260 1,450 2,330 2,662 4,740 5,410 9,530 10,900
150 101 137 245 287 477 575 1,020 1,180 1,910 2,195 3,860 4,430 7,810 8,890
200 86 118 213 248 415 501 880 1,020 1,660 1,915 3,340 3,840 6,780 7,710
250 77 105 191 222 373 448 785 910 1,490 1,722 2,980 3,440 6,080 6,900
300 69 96 173 203 343 411 716 829 1,360 1,578 2,720 3,150 5,560 6,300
400 60 82 151 175 298 355 616 716 1,160 1,376 2,350 2,730 4,830 5,460
500 53 72 135 158 268 319 550 638 1,030 1,237 2,100 2,450 4,330 4,880

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Notes:
1. Table does not include effect of pressure drop across the line regulator. Where regulator loss exceeds 1/2 psi (based on 13 in. w.c. outlet pressure), DO NOT USE THIS TABLE. Consult with the regulator manufacturer for pressure drops and capacity factors. Pressure drops across a regulator can vary with flow rate.
2. CAUTION: Capacities shown in the table might exceed maximum capacity for a selected regulator. Consult with the regulator or tubing manufacturer for guidance.
3. Table includes losses for four 90-degree bends and two end fittings. Tubing runs with larger numbers of bends or fittings shall be increased by an equivalent length of tubing to the following equation: L = 1.3n where L is additional length (feet) of tubing and n is the number of additional fittings or bends.
4. EHD‒Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter, which is a measure of the relative hydraulic efficiency between different tubing sizes. The greater the value of EHD, the greater the gas capacity of the tubing.
5. All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(18) [402.4(34)] CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST)

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 5.0 psi
Pressure Drop 3.5 psi
Specific Gravity 1.50

TUBE SIZE (EHD)
Flow Designation 13 15 18 19 23 25 30 31 37 39 46 48 60 62
Length (ft) Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour
10 826 1,070 1,710 2,060 3,150 4,000 7,830 8,950 13,100 14,441 28,600 31,200 54,400 63,800
25 509 664 1,090 1,310 2,040 2,550 4,860 5,600 8,400 9,339 18,000 19,900 34,700 40,400
30 461 603 999 1,190 1,870 2,340 4,430 5,100 7,680 8,564 16,400 18,200 31,700 36,900
40 396 520 867 1,030 1,630 2,030 3,820 4,400 6,680 7,469 14,200 15,800 27,600 32,000
50 352 463 777 926 1,460 1,820 3,410 3,930 5,990 6,717 12,700 14,100 24,700 28,600
75 284 376 637 757 1,210 1,490 2,770 3,190 4,920 5,539 10,300 11,600 20,300 23,400
80 275 363 618 731 1,170 1,450 2,680 3,090 4,770 5,372 9,990 11,200 19,600 22,700
100 243 324 553 656 1,050 1,300 2,390 2,760 4,280 4,830 8,930 10,000 17,600 20,300
150 196 262 453 535 866 1,060 1,940 2,240 3,510 3,983 7,270 8,210 14,400 16,600
200 169 226 393 464 755 923 1,680 1,930 3,050 3,474 6,290 7,130 12,500 14,400
250 150 202 352 415 679 828 1,490 1,730 2,740 3,124 5,620 6,390 11,200 12,900
300 136 183 322 379 622 757 1,360 1,570 2,510 2,865 5,120 5,840 10,300 11,700
400 117 158 279 328 542 657 1,170 1,360 2,180 2,498 4,430 5,070 8,920 10,200
500 104 140 251 294 488 589 1,050 1,210 1,950 2,247 3,960 4,540 8,000 9,110

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Notes:
1. Table does not include effect of pressure drop across line regulator. Where regulator loss exceeds1 psi, DO NOT USE THIS TABLE. Consult with the regulator manufacturer for pressure drops and capacity factors. Pressure drop across regulator can vary with the flow rate.
2. CAUTION: Capacities shown in the table might exceed maximum capacity of selected regulator. Consult with the tubing manufacturer for guidance.
3. Table includes losses for four 90-degree bends and two end fittings. Tubing runs with larger numbers of bends or fittings shall be increased by an equivalent length of tubing to the following equation: L = 1.3n where L is additional length (feet) of tubing and n is the number of additional fittings or bends.
4. EHD‒Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter, which is a measure of the relative hydraulic efficiency between different tubing sizes. The greater the value of EHD, the greater the gas capacity of the tubing.
5. All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(19) [402.4(35)] POLYETHYLENE PLASTIC PIPE

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 11.0 in. w.c.
Pressure Drop 0.5 in. w.c.
Specific Gravity 1.50

INTENDED USE PE pipe sizing between integral 2-stage regulator at tank or second stage (low-pressure regulator) and building.
PIPE SIZE (inches)
Nominal OD 1/2 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2
Designation SDR 9 SDR 11 SDR 11 SDR 10 SDR 11 SDR 11
Actual ID 0.660 0.860 1.077 1.328 1.554 1.943
Length (ft) Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour
10 340 680 1,230 2,130 3,210 5,770
20 233 468 844 1,460 2,210 3,970
30 187 375 677 1,170 1,770 3,180
40 160 321 580 1,000 1,520 2,730
50 142 285 514 890 1,340 2,420
60 129 258 466 807 1,220 2,190
70 119 237 428 742 1,120 2,010
80 110 221 398 690 1,040 1,870
90 103 207 374 648 978 1,760
100 98 196 353 612 924 1,660
125 87 173 313 542 819 1,470
150 78 157 284 491 742 1,330
175 72 145 261 452 683 1,230
200 67 135 243 420 635 1,140
250 60 119 215 373 563 1,010
300 54 108 195 338 510 916
350 50 99 179 311 469 843
400 46 92 167 289 436 784
450 43 87 157 271 409 736
500 41 82 148 256 387 695

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(20) [402.4(36)] POLYETHYLENE PLASTIC PIPE

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 2.0 psi
Pressure Drop 1.0 psi
Specific Gravity 1.50

INTENDED USE PE pipe sizing between 2 psig service regulator and line pressure regulator.
PIPE SIZE (inches)
Nominal OD 1/2 3/4 1 11/4 11/2 2
Designation SDR 9 SDR 11 SDR 11 SDR 10 SDR 11 SDR 11
Actual ID 0.660 0.860 1.077 1.328 1.554 1.943
Length (ft) Capacity in Thousands of Btu per Hour
10 3,130 6,260 11,300 19,600 29,500 53,100
20 2,150 4,300 7,760 13,400 20,300 36,500
30 1,730 3,450 6,230 10,800 16,300 29,300
40 1,480 2,960 5,330 9,240 14,000 25,100
50 1,310 2,620 4,730 8,190 12,400 22,200
60 1,190 2,370 4,280 7,420 11,200 20,100
70 1,090 2,180 3,940 6,830 10,300 18,500
80 1,010 2,030 3,670 6,350 9,590 17,200
90 952 1,910 3,440 5,960 9,000 16,200
100 899 1,800 3,250 5,630 8,500 15,300
125 797 1,600 2,880 4,990 7,530 13,500
150 722 1,450 2,610 4,520 6,830 12,300
175 664 1,330 2,400 4,160 6,280 11,300
200 618 1,240 2,230 3,870 5,840 10,500
250 548 1,100 1,980 3,430 5,180 9,300
300 496 994 1,790 3,110 4,690 8,430
350 457 914 1,650 2,860 4,320 7,760
400 425 851 1,530 2,660 4,020 7,220
450 399 798 1,440 2,500 3,770 6,770
500 377 754 1,360 2,360 3,560 6,390
550 358 716 1,290 2,240 3,380 6,070
600 341 683 1,230 2,140 3,220 5,790
650 327 654 1,180 2,040 3,090 5,550
700 314 628 1,130 1,960 2,970 5,330
750 302 605 1,090 1,890 2,860 5,140
800 292 585 1,050 1,830 2,760 4,960
850 283 566 1,020 1,770 2,670 4,800
900 274 549 990 1,710 2,590 4,650
950 266 533 961 1,670 2,520 4,520
1,000 259 518 935 1,620 2,450 4,400
1,100 246 492 888 1,540 2,320 4,170
1,200 234 470 847 1,470 2,220 3,980
1,300 225 450 811 1,410 2,120 3,810
1,400 216 432 779 1,350 2,040 3,660
1,500 208 416 751 1,300 1,960 3,530
1,600 201 402 725 1,260 1,900 3,410
1,700 194 389 702 1,220 1,840 3,300
1,800 188 377 680 1,180 1,780 3,200
1,900 183 366 661 1,140 1,730 3,110
2,000 178 356 643 1,110 1,680 3,020

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.


TABLE G2413.4(21) [402.4(37)] POLYETHYLENE PLASTIC TUBING

Gas Undiluted Propane
Inlet Pressure 11.0 in. w.c.
Pressure Drop 0.5 in. w.c.
Specific Gravity 1.50

INTENDED USE: PE PIPE SIZING BETWEEN INTEGRAL 2-STAGE REGULATOR AT TANK OR SECOND STAGE (low-pressure regulator) AND BUILDING.
Plastic Tubing Size (CTS) (inch)
Nominal OD 1/2 1
Designation SDR 7 SDR 11
Actual ID 0.445 0.927
Length (ft) Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas per Hour
10 121 828
20 83 569
30 67 457
40 57 391
50 51 347
60 46 314
70 42 289
80 39 269
90 37 252
100 35 238
125 31 211
150 28 191
175 26 176
200 24 164
225 22 154
250 21 145
275 20 138
300 19 132
350 18 121
400 16 113
450 15 106
500 15 100

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa, 1-inch water column = 0.2488 kPa, 1 British thermal unit per hour = 0.2931 W, 1 cubic foot per hour = 0.0283 m3/h, 1 degree = 0.01745 rad.
Note: All table entries have been rounded to three significant digits.
The pipe size of each section of gas piping shall be determined using the longest length of piping from the point of delivery to the most remote outlet and the load of the section.
Pipe shall be sized as follows:

1. Pipe size of each section of the longest pipe run from the point of delivery to the most remote outlet shall be determined using the longest run of piping and the load of the section.

2. The pipe size of each section of branch piping not previously sized shall be determined using the length of piping from the point of delivery to the most remote outlet in each branch and the load of the section.
The pipe size for each section of higher pressure gas piping shall be determined using the longest length of piping from the point of delivery to the most remote line pressure regulator. The pipe size from the line pressure regulator to each outlet shall be determined using the length of piping from the regulator to the most remote outlet served by the regulator.
The design pressure loss in any piping system under maximum probable flow conditions, from the point of delivery to the inlet connection of the appliance, shall be such that the supply pressure at the appliance is greater than or equal to the minimum pressure required by the appliance.
The maximum design operating pressure for piping systems located inside buildings shall not exceed 5 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) (34 kPa gauge) except where one or more of the following conditions are met:

1. The piping system is welded.

2. The piping is located in a ventilated chase or otherwise enclosed for protection against accidental gas accumulation.

3. The piping is a temporary installation for buildings under construction.
LP-gas systems designed to operate below -5°F (-21°C) or with butane or a propane-butane mix shall be designed to either accommodate liquid LP-gas or prevent LP-gas vapor from condensing into a liquid.
Materials used for piping systems shall comply with the requirements of this chapter or shall be approved.
Pipe, fittings, valves or other materials shall not be used again unless they are free of foreign materials and have been ascertained to be adequate for the service intended.
Material not covered by the standards specifications listed herein shall be investigated and tested to determine that it is safe and suitable for the proposed service, and, in addition, shall be recommended for that service by the manufacturer and shall be approved by the code official.
Metallic pipe shall comply with Sections G2414.4.1 and G2414.4.2.
Cast-iron pipe shall not be used.
Steel and wrought-iron pipe shall be at least of standard weight (Schedule 40) and shall comply with one of the following standards:

1. ASME B 36.10, 10M.

2. ASTM A 53/A 53M.

3. ASTM A 106.
Seamless copper, aluminum alloy and steel tubing shall not be used with gases corrosive to such materials.
Steel tubing shall comply with ASTM A 254.
Copper tubing shall comply with Standard Type K or L of ASTM B 88 or ASTM B 280.

Copper and copper alloy tubing shall not be used if the gas contains more than an average of 0.3 grains of hydrogen sulfide per 100 standard cubic feet of gas (0.7 milligrams per 100 liters).
Corrugated stainless steel tubing shall be listed in accordance with ANSI LC 1/CSA 6.26.
Polyethylene plastic pipe, tubing and fittings used to supply fuel gas shall conform to ASTM D 2513. Such pipe shall be marked "Gas" and "ASTM D 2513."

Plastic pipe, tubing and fittings, other than polyethylene, shall be identified and conform to the 2008 edition of ASTM D 2513. Such pipe shall be marked "Gas" and "ASTM D 2513."

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) plastic pipe, tubing and fittings shall not be used to supply fuel gas.
Plastic pipe, tubing and anodeless risers shall comply with the following:

1. Factory-assembled anodeless risers shall be recommended by the manufacturer for the gas used and shall be leak tested by the manufacturer in accordance with written procedures.

2. Service head adapters and field-assembled anodeless risers incorporating service head adapters shall be recommended by the manufacturer for the gas used, and shall be designed and certified to meet the requirements of Category I of ASTM D 2513, and U.S. Department of Transportation, Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Part 192.281(e). The manufacturer shall provide the user with qualified installation instructions as prescribed by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Part 192.283(b).