CODES

ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Building Code 2018 (IBC 2018)

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 Occupancy Classification and Use

Chapter 4 Special Detailed Requirements Based on Occupancy and Use

Chapter 5 General Building Heights and Areas

Chapter 6 Types of Construction

Chapter 7 Fire and Smoke Protection Features

Chapter 8 Interior Finishes

Chapter 9 Fire Protection and Life Safety Systems

Chapter 10 Means of Egress

Chapter 11 Accessibility

Chapter 12 Interior Environment

Chapter 13 Energy Efficiency

Chapter 14 Exterior Walls

Chapter 15 Roof Assemblies and Rooftop Structures

Chapter 16 Structural Design

Chapter 17 Special Inspections and Tests

Chapter 18 Soils and Foundations

Chapter 19 Concrete

Chapter 20 Aluminum

Chapter 21 Masonry

Chapter 22 Steel

Chapter 23 Wood

Chapter 24 Glass and Glazing

Chapter 25 Gypsum Board, Gypsum Panel Products and Plaster

Chapter 26 Plastic

Chapter 27 Electrical

Chapter 28 Mechanical Systems

Chapter 29 Plumbing Systems

Chapter 30 Elevators and Conveying Systems

Chapter 31 Special Construction

Chapter 32 Encroachments Into the Public Right-Of-Way

Chapter 33 Safeguards During Construction

Chapter 34 Reserved

Chapter 35 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Employee Qualifications

Appendix B Board of Appeals

Appendix C Group U—agricultural Buildings

Appendix D Fire Districts

Appendix E Supplementary Accessibility Requirements

Appendix F Rodentproofing

Appendix G Flood-Resistant Construction

Appendix H Signs

Appendix I Patio Covers

Appendix J Grading

Appendix K Administrative Provisions

Appendix L Earthquake Recording Instrumentation

Appendix M Tsunami-Generated Flood Hazard

Appendix N Replicable Buildings

The provisions of this chapter shall govern the design, materials, construction and quality of roof assemblies, and rooftop structures.

Design and installation of roof drainage systems shall comply with Section 1502 of this code and Sections 1106 and 1108, as applicable, of the International Plumbing Code.
Where roof drains are required, secondary (emergency overflow) roof drains or scuppers shall be provided where the roof perimeter construction extends above the roof in such a manner that water will be entrapped if the primary drains allow buildup for any reason. The installation and sizing of secondary emergency overflow drains, leaders and conductors shall comply with Sections 1106 and 1108, as applicable, of the International Plumbing Code.
Where scuppers are used for secondary (emergency overflow) roof drainage, the quantity, size, location and inlet elevation of the scuppers shall be sized to prevent the depth of ponding water from exceeding that for which the roof was designed as determined by Section 1611.1. Scuppers shall not have an opening dimension of less than 4 inches (102 mm). The flow through the primary system shall not be considered when locating and sizing scuppers.
Gutters and leaders placed on the outside of buildings, other than Group R-3, private garages and buildings of Type V construction, shall be of noncombustible material or not less than Schedule 40 plastic pipe.
Roof decks shall be covered with approved roof coverings secured to the building or structure in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. Roof coverings shall be designed in accordance with this code, and installed in accordance with this code and the manufacturer’s approved instructions.
Flashing shall be installed in such a manner so as to prevent water from entering the wall and roof through joints in copings, through moisture-permeable materials and at intersections with parapet walls and other penetrations through the roof plane.
Flashing shall be installed at wall and roof intersections, at gutters, wherever there is a change in roof slope or direction and around roof openings. Where flashing is of metal, the metal shall be corrosion resistant with a thickness of not less than 0.019 inch (0.483 mm) (No. 26 galvanized sheet).
Parapet walls shall be properly coped with noncombustible, weatherproof materials of a width not less than the thickness of the parapet wall.
Intake and exhaust vents shall be provided in accordance with Section 1202.2 and the vent product manufacturer’s installation instructions.

A cricket or saddle shall be installed on the ridge side of any chimney or penetration greater than 30 inches (762 mm) wide as measured perpendicular to the slope. Cricket or saddle coverings shall be sheet metal or of the same material as the roof covering.

Exception: Unit skylights installed in accordance with Section 2405.5 and flashed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions shall be permitted to be installed without a cricket or saddle.

Roof decks and roof coverings shall be designed for wind loads in accordance with Chapter 16 and Sections 1504.2, 1504.3 and 1504.4.

Asphalt shingles shall be tested in accordance with ASTM D7158. Asphalt shingles shall meet the classification requirements of Table 1504.1.1 for the appropriate maximum basic wind speed. Asphalt shingle packaging shall bear a label to indicate compliance with ASTM D7158 and the required classification in Table 1504.1.1.

Exception: Asphalt shingles not included in the scope of ASTM D7158 shall be tested and labeled in accordance with ASTM D3161. Asphalt shingle packaging shall bear a label to indicate compliance with ASTM D3161 and the required classification in Table 1504.1.1.

TABLE 1504.1.1

CLASSIFICATION OF STEEP SLOPE ROOF SHINGLES TESTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH ASTM D316 OR D71581

MAXIMUM BASIC WIND SPEED, V,
FROM FIGURES 1609.3(1)-(8) OR ASCE 7(mph)
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE STRESS DESIGN WIND
SPEED, Vasd, FROM TABLE 1609.3.1 (mph)
ASTM D7158a CLASSIFICATIONASTM D3161 CLASSIFICATION
11085D, G or HA, D or F
11690D, G or HA, D or F
129100G or HA, D or F
142110G or HF
155120G or HF
168130HF
181140HF
194150HF

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm; 1 mph = 0.447 m/s.

  1. The standard calculations contained in ASTM D7158 assume Exposure Category B or C and building height of 60 feet or less. Additional calculations are required for conditions outside of these assumptions.
Testing of concrete and clay roof tiles shall be in accordance with Sections 1504.2.1.1 and 1504.2.1.2.
Concrete and clay roof tiles shall be tested to determine their resistance to overturning due to wind in accordance with Chapter 15 and either SBCCI SSTD 11 or ASTM C1568.
Where concrete and clay roof tiles do not satisfy the limitations in Chapter 16 for rigid tile, a wind tunnel test shall be used to determine the wind characteristics of the concrete or clay tile roof covering in accordance with SBCCI SSTD 11 and Chapter 15.
Roof coverings installed on roofs in accordance with Section 1507 that are mechanically attached or adhered to the roof deck shall be designed to resist the design wind load pressures for components and cladding in accordance with Section 1609.5.2. The wind load on the roof covering shall be permitted to be determined using allowable stress design.
Built-up, modified bitumen, fully adhered or mechanically attached single-ply roof systems, metal panel roof systems applied to a solid or closely fitted deck and other types of membrane roof coverings shall be tested in accordance with FM 4474, UL 580 or UL 1897.

Where the metal roof panel functions as the roof deck and roof covering and it provides both weather protection and support for loads, the structural metal panel roof system shall comply with this section. Structural standing-seam metal panel roof systems shall be tested in accordance with ASTM E1592 or FM 4474. Structural through-fastened metal panel roof systems shall be tested in accordance with ASTM E1592, FM 4474 or UL 580.

Exceptions:

  1. Metal roofs constructed of cold-formed steel shall be permitted to be designed and tested in accordance with the applicable referenced structural design standard in Section 2210.1.
  2. Metal roofs constructed of aluminum shall be permitted to be designed and tested in accordance with the applicable referenced structural design standard in Section 2002.1.
Metal roof shingles applied to a solid or closely fitted deck shall be tested in accordance with ASTM D3161, FM 4474, UL 580 or UL 1897. Metal roof shingles tested in accordance with ASTM D3161 shall meet the classification requirements of Table 1504.1.1 for the appropriate maximum basic wind speed and the metal shingle packaging shall bear a label to indicate compliance with ASTM D3161 and the required classification in Table 1504.1.1.
Ballasted low-slope (roof slope < 2:12) single-ply roof system coverings installed in accordance with Sections 1507.12 and 1507.13 shall be designed in accordance with Section 1504.8 and ANSI/SPRI RP-4.
Low-slope built-up, modified bitumen and single-ply roof system metal edge securement, except gutters, shall be designed and installed for wind loads in accordance with Chapter 16 and tested for resistance in accordance with Test Methods RE-1, RE-2 and RE-3 of ANSI/SPRI ES-1, except basic design wind speed, V, shall be determined from Figures 1609.3(1) through 1609.3(8) as applicable.
Roof coverings installed on low-slope roofs (roof slope < 2:12) in accordance with Section 1507 shall demonstrate physical integrity over the working life of the roof based on 2,000 hours of exposure to accelerated weathering tests conducted in accordance with ASTM G152, ASTM G154 or ASTM G155. Those roof coverings that are subject to cyclical flexural response due to wind loads shall not demonstrate any significant loss of tensile strength for unreinforced membranes or breaking strength for reinforced membranes when tested as herein required.
Roof coverings installed on low-slope roofs (roof slope < 2:12) in accordance with Section 1507 shall resist impact damage based on the results of tests conducted in accordance with ASTM D3746, ASTM D4272 or the “Resistance to Foot Traffic Test” in Section 4.6 of FM 4470.

For a building located in a hurricane-prone region as defined in Section 202, or on any other building with a mean roof height exceeding that permitted by Table 1504.8 based on the exposure category and basic wind speed at the site, the following materials shall not be used on the roof:

  1. Aggregate used as surfacing for roof coverings.
  2. Aggregate, gravel or stone used as ballast.

TABLE 1504.8

MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE MEAN ROOF HEIGHT PERMITTED FOR BUILDINGS WITH AGGREGATE ON THE ROOF IN AREAS OUTSIDE A HURRICANE-PRONE REGION

NOMINAL DESIGN WIND
SPEED, Vasd (mph)b, d
MAXIMUM MEAN ROOF HEIGHT (ft)a, c
Exposure category
BCD
851706030
901103515
957520NP
1005515NP
10540NPNP
11030NPNP
11520NPNP
12015NPNP
Greater than 120NPNPNP

For SI:1 foot = 304.8 mm; 1 mile per hour = 0.447 m/s.

  1. Mean roof height as defined in ASCE 7.
  2. For intermediate values of Vasd, the height associated with the next higher value of Vasd shall be used, or direct interpolation is permitted.
  3. NP = gravel and stone not permitted for any roof height.
  4. Vasd shall be determined in accordance with Section 1609.3.1.

Roof assemblies shall be divided into the classes defined in this section. Class A, B and C roof assemblies and roof coverings required to be listed by this section shall be tested in accordance with ASTM E108 or UL 790. In addition, fire-retardant-treated wood roof coverings shall be tested in accordance with ASTM D2898. The minimum roof coverings installed on buildings shall comply with Table 1505.1 based on the type of construction of the building.

Exception: Skylights and sloped glazing that comply with Chapter 24 or Section 2610.

TABLE 1505.1a, b

MINIMUM ROOF COVERING CLASSIFICATION FOR TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION

IAIBIIAIIBIIIAIIIBIVVAVB
BBBCcBCcBBCc

For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2.

  1. Unless otherwise required in accordance with the International Wildland-Urban Interface Code or due to the location of the building within a fire district in accordance with Appendix D.
  2. Nonclassified roof coverings shall be permitted on buildings of Group R-3 and Group U occupancies, where there is a minimum fire-separation distance of 6 feet measured from the leading edge of the roof.
  3. Buildings that are not more than two stories above grade plane and having not more than 6,000 square feet of projected roof area and where there is a minimum 10-foot fire-separation distance from the leading edge of the roof to a lot line on all sides of the building, except for street fronts or public ways, shall be permitted to have roofs of No. 1 cedar or redwood shakes and No. 1 shingles constructed in accordance with Section 1505.7.

Class A roof assemblies are those that are effective against severe fire test exposure. Class A roof assemblies and roof coverings shall be listed and identified as Class A by an approved testing agency. Class A roof assemblies shall be permitted for use in buildings or structures of all types of construction.

Exceptions:

  1. Class A roof assemblies include those with coverings of brick, masonry or an exposed concrete roof deck.
  2. Class A roof assemblies also include ferrous or copper shingles or sheets, metal sheets and shingles, clay or concrete roof tile or slate installed on noncombustible decks or ferrous, copper or metal sheets installed without a roof deck on noncombustible framing.
  3. Class A roof assemblies include minimum 16 ounce per square foot (0.0416 kg/m2) copper sheets installed over combustible decks.
  4. Class A roof assemblies include slate installed over ASTM D226, Type II underlayment over combustible decks.
Class B roof assemblies are those that are effective against moderate fire-test exposure. Class B roof assemblies and roof coverings shall be listed and identified as Class B by an approved testing agency.
Class C roof assemblies are those that are effective against light fire-test exposure. Class C roof assemblies and roof coverings shall be listed and identified as Class C by an approved testing agency.
Nonclassified roofing is approved material that is not listed as a Class A, B or C roof covering.
Fire-retardant-treated wood shakes and shingles shall be treated by impregnation with chemicals by the full-cell vacuum-pressure process, in accordance with AWPA C1. Each bundle shall be marked to identify the manufactured unit and the manufacturer, and shall be labeled to identify the classification of the material in accordance with the testing required in Section 1505.1, the treating company and the quality control agency.
Special purpose wood shingle or wood shake roofing shall conform to the grading and application requirements of Section 1507.8 or 1507.9. In addition, an underlayment of 5/8-inch (15.9 mm) Type X water-resistant gypsum backing board or gypsum sheathing shall be placed under minimum nominal 1/2-inch-thick (12.7 mm) wood structural panel solid sheathing or 1-inch (25 mm) nominal spaced sheathing.
Building-integrated photovoltaic products installed as the roof covering shall be tested, listed and labeled for fire classification in accordance with Section 1505.1.
Rooftop rack-mounted photovoltaic panel systems shall be tested, listed and identified with a fire classification in accordance with UL 1703 and UL 2703. The fire classification shall comply with Table 1505.1 based on the type of construction of the building.
Roof gardens and landscaped roofs shall comply with Section 1505.1 and 1507.16 and shall be installed in accordance with ANSI/SPRI VF-1.
The requirements set forth in this section shall apply to the application of roof-covering materials specified herein. Roof coverings shall be applied in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s installation instructions. Installation of roof coverings shall comply with the applicable provisions of Section 1507.
Roof-covering materials shall conform to the applicable standards listed in this chapter.
Roof-covering materials shall be delivered in packages bearing the manufacturer’s identifying marks and approved testing agency labels required in accordance with Section 1505. Bulk shipments of materials shall be accompanied with the same information issued in the form of a certificate or on a bill of lading by the manufacturer.
Roof coverings shall be applied in accordance with the applicable provisions of this section and the manufacturer’s installation instructions.

Underlayment for asphalt shingles, clay and concrete tile, metal roof shingles, mineral-surfaced roll roofing, slate and slate-type shingles, wood shingles, wood shakes, metal roof panels and photovoltaic shingles shall conform to the applicable standards listed in this chapter. Underlayment materials required to comply with ASTM D226, D1970, D4869 and D6757 shall bear a label indicating compliance with the standard designation and, if applicable, type classification indicated in Table 1507.1.1(1). Underlayment shall be applied in accordance with Table 1507.1.1(2). Underlayment shall be attached in accordance with Table 1507.1.1(3).

Exceptions:

  1. As an alternative, self-adhering polymer modified bitumen underlayment complying with ASTM D1970 and installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions for the deck material, roof ventilation configuration and climate exposure for the roof covering to be installed shall be permitted.
  2. As an alternative, a minimum 4-inch-wide (102 mm) strip of self-adhering polymer modified bitumen membrane complying with ASTM D1970 and installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions for the deck material shall be applied over all joints in the roof decking. An approved underlayment for the applicable roof covering for design wind speeds less than 120 mph (54 m/s) shall be applied over the 4-inch-wide (102 mm) membrane strips.
  3. As an alternative, two layers of underlayment complying with ASTM D226 Type II or ASTM D4869 Type IV shall be permitted to be installed as follows: Apply a 19-inch (483 mm) strip of underlayment parallel with the eave. Starting at the eave, apply 36-inch-wide (914 mm) strips of underlayment felt, overlapping successive sheets 19 inches (483 mm). The underlayment shall be attached with corrosion-resistant fasteners in a grid pattern of 12 inches (305 mm) between side laps with a 6-inch (152 mm) spacing at side and end laps. End laps shall be 4 inches (102 mm) and shall be offset by 6 feet (1829 mm). Underlayment shall be attached using metal or plastic cap nails with a nominal cap diameter of not less than 1 inch (25.4 mm). Metal caps shall have a thickness of not less than 32-gage sheet metal. Power-driven metal caps shall have a thickness of not less than 0.010 inch (mm). Thickness of the outside edge of plastic caps shall be not less than 0.035 inch (mm). The cap nail shank shall be not less than 0.083 inch for ring shank cap nails and 0.091 inch (mm) for smooth shank cap nails. The cap nail shank shall have a length sufficient to penetrate through the roof sheathing or not less than 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) into the roof sheathing.
  4. Structural metal panels that do not require a substrate or underlayment.

TABLE 1507.1.1(1)

UNDERLAYMENT TYPES

ROOF COVERINGSECTIONMAXIMUM BASIC DESIGN
WIND SPEED, V < 140 MPH
MAXIMUM BASIC DESIGN
WIND SPEED, V ≥ 140 MPH
Asphalt shingles1507.2ASTM D226 Type I or II
ASTM D4869 Type I, II, III or IV
ASTM D6757
ASTM D226 Type II
ASTM D4869 Type IV
ASTM D6757
Clay and concrete tiles1507.3ASTM D226 Type II ASTM D2626 Type I
ASTM D6380 Class M
mineral surfaced roll roofing
ASTM D226 Type II ASTM D2626 Type I
ASTM D6380 Class M
mineral surfaced roll roofing
Metal panels1507.4Manufacturer’s instructionsASTM D226 Type II
ASTM D4869 Type IV
Metal roof shingles1507.5ASTM D226 Type I or II
ASTM D4869 Type I, II, III or IV
ASTM D226 Type II
ASTM D4869 Type IV
Mineral-surfaced roll roofing1507.6ASTM D226 Type I or II
ASTM D4869 Type I, II, III or IV
ASTM D226 Type II
ASTM D4869 Type IV
Slate shingles1507.7ASTM D226 Type II
ASTM D4869 Type III or IV
ASTM D226 Type II
ASTM D4869 Type IV
Wood shingles1507.8ASTM D226 Type I or II
ASTM D4869 Type I, II, III or IV
ASTM D226 Type II
ASTM D4869 Type IV
Wood shakes1507.9ASTM D226 Type I or II
ASTM D4869 Type I, II, III or IV
ASTM D226 Type II
ASTM D4869 Type IV
Photovoltaic shingles1507.17ASTM D226 Type I or II
ASTM D4869 Type I, II, III or IV
ASTM D6757
ASTM D226 Type II
ASTM D4869 Type IV
ASTM D6757

TABLE 1507.1.1(2)

UNDERLAYMENT APPLICATION

ROOF
COVERING
SECTIONMAXIMUM BASIC DESIGN
WIND SPEED, V < 140 MPH
MAXIMUM BASIC DESIGN
WIND SPEED, V ≥ 140 MPH
Asphalt
shingles
1507.2
For roof slopes from two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12),
up to four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (4:12), underlayment
shall be two layers applied as follows: Apply a 19-inch strip of
underlayment felt parallel to and starting at the eaves. Starting at the
eave, apply 36-inch-wide sheets of underlayment, overlapping
successive sheets 19 inches. End laps shall be 4 inches and shall be
offset by 6 feet. Distortions in the underlayment shall not interfere
with the ability of the shingles to seal.
For roof slopes of four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (4:12) or
greater, underlayment shall be one layer applied as follows:
Underlayment shall be applied shingle fashion, parallel to and
starting from the eave and lapped 2 inches, Distortions in the
underlayment shall not interfere with the ability of the shingles to
seal. End laps shall be 4 inches and shall be offset by 6 feet.
Same as Maximum Basic Design Wind Speed,
V < 140 mph except all laps shall be not less than
4 inches
Clay and 1507.3
For roof slopes from two and one-half units vertical in 12 units
horizontal (21/2:12), up to four units vertical in 12 units
horizontal (4:12), underlayment shall be not fewer than two layers applied as
follows: Starting at the eave, a 19-inch strip of underlayment shall be
applied parallel with the eave. Starting at the eave, a 36-inch-wide
strip of underlayment felt shall be applied, overlapping successive
sheets 19 inches. End laps shall be 4 inches and shall be offset by 6
feet.
For roof slopes of four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (4:12) or
greater, underlayment shall be one layer applied as follows:
Underlayment shall be applied shingle fashion, parallel to and
starting from the eave and lapped 2 inches. End laps shall be 4 inches
and shall be offset by 6 feet.
Same as Maximum Basic Design Wind Speed,
V < 140 mph except all laps shall be not less than
4 inches
Metal roof 1507.4Apply in accordance with the
manufacturer’s installation instructions
For roof slopes from two units vertical in 12 units
horizontal (2:12), up to four units vertical in 12 units
horizontal (4:12), underlayment shall be two layers
applied as follows: Apply a 19-inch strip of
underlayment felt parallel to and starting at the eaves.
Starting at the eave, apply 36-inch-wide sheets of
underlayment, overlapping successive sheets 19
inches. End laps shall be 4 inches and shall be offset
by 6 feet.
For roof slopes of four units vertical in 12 units
horizontal (4:12) or greater, underlayment shall be
one layer applied as follows: Underlayment shall be
applied shingle fashion, parallel to and starting from
the eave and lapped 4 inches. End laps shall be 4
inches and shall be offset by 6 feet.
Metal roof
shingles
1507.5
Mineral-surfaced
roll roofing
1507.6
Slate
shingles
1507.7
Wood shakes1507.8
Wood
shingles
1507.9
Photovoltaic
shingles
1507.17
For roof slopes from three units vertical in 12 units horizontal (3:12),
up to four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (4:12), underlayment
shall be two layers applied as follows: Apply a 19-inch strip of
underlayment felt parallel to and starting at the eaves. Starting at the
eave, apply 36-inch-wide sheets of underlayment, overlapping
successive sheets 19 inches. End laps shall be 4 inches and shall be
offset by 6 feet. Distortions in the underlayment shall not interfere
with the ability of the shingles to seal.
For roof slopes of four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (4:12) or
greater, underlayment shall be one layer applied as follows:
Underlayment shall be applied shingle fashion, parallel to and
starting from the eave and lapped 2 inches. Distortions in the
underlayment shall not interfere with the ability of the shingles to
seal. End laps shall be 4 inches and shall be offset by 6 feet.
Same as Maximum Basic Design Wind Speed,
V < 140 mph except all laps shall be not less than
4 inches

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm; 1 mile per hour = 0.447 m/s.

TABLE 1507.1.1(3)

UNDERLAYMENT ATTACHMENT

ROOF
COVERING
SECTIONMAXIMUM BASIC DESIGN
WIND SPEED, V < 140 MPH
MAXIMUM BASIC DESIGN
WIND SPEED, V ≥ 140 MPH
Asphalt shingles1507.2Fastened sufficiently
to hold in place
The underlayment shall be attached with corrosion-resistant fasteners in a grid pattern
of 12 inches between side laps with a 6-inch spacing at side and end laps.
Underlayment shall be attached using metal or plastic cap nails or cap staples with a
nominal cap diameter of not less than 1 inch. Metal caps shall have a thickness of not
less than 32-gage (0.0134 inch) sheet metal. Power-driven metal caps shall have a
minimum thickness of 0.010 inch. Minimum thickness of the outside edge of plastic
caps shall be 0.035 inch. The cap nail shank shall be not less than 0.083 inch for ring
shank cap nails and 0.091 inch for smooth shank cap nails. Staples shall be not less
than 21 gage (0.032 inch). The cap nail shank and cap staple legs shall have a length
sufficient to penetrate through the roof sheathing or not less than 3/4 inch into the roof
sheathing.
Clay and concrete tile1507.3
Photovoltaic shingles1507.17
Metal roof 1507.4Manufacturer’s
installation
instructions
The underlayment shall be attached with corrosion-resistant fasteners in a grid pattern
of 12 inches between side laps with a 6-inch spacing at side and end laps.
Underlayment shall be attached using metal or plastic cap nails or cap staples with a
nominal cap diameter of not less than 1 inch. Metal caps shall have a thickness of not
less than 32-gage sheet metal. Power-driven metal caps shall have a minimum
thickness of 0.010 inch. Minimum thickness of the outside edge of plastic caps shall
be 0.035 inch. The cap nail shank shall be not less than 0.083 inch for ring shank cap
nails and 0.091 inch for smooth shank cap nails. Staples shall be not less than 21 gage.
The cap nail shank and cap staple legs shall have a length sufficient to penetrate
through the roof sheathing or not less than 3/4 inch into the roof sheathing.
Metal roof
shingles
1507.5
Mineral-surfaced
roll roofing
1507.6
Slate
shingles
1507.7
Wood shingles1507.8
Wood shakes1507.9

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm; 1 mile per hour = 0.447 m/s.

In areas where there has been a history of ice forming along the eaves causing a backup of water, an ice barrier shall be installed for asphalt shingles, metal roof shingles, mineral-surfaced roll roofing, slate and slate-type shingles, wood shingles, and wood shakes. The ice barrier shall consist of not less than two layers of underlayment cemented together, or a self-adhering polymer modified bitumen sheet shall be used in place of normal underlayment and extend from the lowest edges of all roof surfaces to a point not less than 24 inches (610 mm) inside the exterior wall line of the building.

Exception: Detached accessory structures that do not contain conditioned floor area.

The installation of asphalt shingles shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Asphalt shingles shall be fastened to solidly sheathed decks.
Asphalt shingles shall only be used on roof slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (17-percent slope) or greater. For roof slopes from two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (17-percent slope) up to four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33-percent slope), double underlayment application is required in accordance with Section 1507.2.8.
Asphalt shingles shall comply with ASTM D3462.
Fasteners for asphalt shingles shall be galvanized, stainless steel, aluminum or copper roofing nails, minimum 12-gage [0.105 inch (2.67 mm)] shank with a minimum 3/8-inch-diameter (9.5 mm) head, of a length to penetrate through the roofing materials and not less than 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) into the roof sheathing. Where the roof sheathing is less than 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) thick, the nails shall penetrate through the sheathing. Fasteners shall comply with ASTM F1667.
Asphalt shingles shall have the minimum number of fasteners required by the manufacturer, but not less than four fasteners per strip shingle or two fasteners per individual shingle. Where the roof slope exceeds 21 units vertical in 12 units horizontal (21:12), shingles shall be installed as required by the manufacturer.
Where required, ice barriers shall comply with Section 1507.1.2.
Flashing for asphalt shingles shall comply with this section. Flashing shall be applied in accordance with this section and the asphalt shingle manufacturer’s printed instructions.
Base and cap flashing shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Base flashing shall be of either corrosion-resistant metal of minimum nominal 0.019-inch (0.483 mm) thickness or mineral-surfaced roll roofing weighing not less than 77 pounds per 100 square feet (3.76 kg/m2). Cap flashing shall be corrosion-resistant metal of minimum nominal 0.019-inch (0.483 mm) thickness.

Valley linings shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions before applying shingles. Valley linings of the following types shall be permitted:

  1. For open valleys (valley lining exposed) lined with metal, the valley lining shall be not less than 24 inches (610 mm) wide and of any of the corrosion-resistant metals in Table 1507.2.8.2.
  2. For open valleys, valley lining of two plies of mineral-surfaced roll roofing complying with ASTM D3909 or ASTM D6380 shall be permitted. The bottom layer shall be 18 inches (457 mm) and the top layer not less than 36 inches (914 mm) wide.
  3. For closed valleys (valleys covered with shingles), valley lining of one ply of smooth roll roofing complying with ASTM D6380, and not less than 36 inches (914 mm) wide or types as described in Item 1 or 2 above shall be permitted. Self-adhering polymer modified bitumen underlayment bearing a label indicating compliance with ASTM D1970 shall be permitted in lieu of the lining material.

TABLE 1507.2.8.2

VALLEY LINING MATERIAL

MATERIALMINIMUM THICKNESSGAGEWEIGHT
Aluminum0.024 in.
Cold-rolled copper0.0216 in.ASTM B370, 16 oz. per square ft.
Copper16 oz
Galvanized steel0.0179 in.26 (zinc-coated G90)
High-yield copper0.0162 in.ASTM B370, 12 oz. per square ft.
Lead2.5 pounds
Lead-coated copper0.0216 in.ASTM B101, 16 oz. per square ft.
Lead-coated high-yield copper0.0162 in.ASTM B101, 12 oz. per square ft.
Painted terne20 pounds
Stainless steel28
Zinc alloy0.027 in.

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 pound = 0.454 kg, 1 ounce = 28.35 g, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2.

A drip edge shall be provided at eaves and rake edges of shingle roofs. Adjacent segments of the drip edge shall be lapped not less than 2 inches (51 mm). The vertical leg of drip edges shall be not less than 11/2 inches (38 mm) in width and shall extend not less than 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) below sheathing. The drip edge shall extend back on the roof not less than 2 inches (51 mm). Underlayment shall be installed over drip edges along eaves. Drip edges shall be installed over underlayment along rake edges. Drip edges shall be mechanically fastened at intervals not greater than 12 inches (305 mm) on center.
The installation of clay and concrete tile shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Concrete and clay tile shall be installed only over solid sheathing or spaced structural sheathing boards.
Clay and concrete roof tile shall be installed on roof slopes of 21/2 units vertical in 12 units horizontal (21-percent slope) or greater. For roof slopes from 21/2 units vertical in 12 units horizontal (21-percent slope) to four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33-percent slope), double underlayment application is required in accordance with Section 1507.3.3.
Unless otherwise noted, required underlayment shall conform to: ASTM D226, Type II; ASTM D2626 or ASTM D6380, Class M mineral-surfaced roll roofing.
Clay roof tile shall comply with ASTM C1167.
Concrete roof tile shall comply with ASTM C1492.
Tile fasteners shall be corrosion resistant and not less than 11-gage, 5/16-inch (8.0 mm) head, and of sufficient length to penetrate the deck not less than 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) or through the thickness of the deck, whichever is less. Attaching wire for clay or concrete tile shall not be smaller than 0.083 inch (2.1 mm). Perimeter fastening areas include three tile courses but not less than 36 inches (914 mm) from either side of hips or ridges and edges of eaves and gable rakes.

Clay and concrete roof tiles shall be fastened in accordance with Table 1507.3.7.

TABLE 1507.3.7

CLAY AND CONCRETE TILE ATTACHMENTa, b, c

GENERAL - CLAY OR CONCRETE ROOF TILE
Maximum Allowable Stress
Design Wind Speed, Vasd f (mph)
Mean roof height
(feet)
Roof slope < 3:12Roof slope 3:12 and over
850-60One fastener per tile. Flat tile
without vertical laps, two fasteners
per tile.
Two fasteners per tile. Only one fastener on slopes of 7:12
and less for tiles with installed weight exceeding 7.5 lbs./sq.
ft. having a width not more than 16 inches.
1000-40
100>40-60The head of all tiles shall be nailed. The nose of all eave tiles shall be fastened with
approved clips. Rake tiles shall be nailed with two nails. The nose of all ridge, hip and
rake tiles shall be set in a bead of roofer’s mastic.
1100-60The fastening system shall resist the wind forces in Section 1609.5.3.
1200-60The fastening system shall resist the wind forces in Section 1609.5.3.
1300-60The fastening system shall resist the wind forces in Section 1609.5.3.
All>60The fastening system shall resist the wind forces in Section 1609.5.3.
INTERLOCKING CLAY OR CONCRETE ROOF TILE WITH PROJECTING ANCHOR LUGSd, e
(Installations on spaced/solid sheathing with battens or spaced sheathing)
Maximum Allowable Stress
Design Wind Speed, Vasd f
(mph)
Mean roof height
(feet)
Roof slope < 5:12Roof slope 5:12 < 12:12Roof slope
12:12 and over
850-60Fasteners are not required.
Tiles with installed weight
less than 9 lbs./sq. ft. require
not fewer than one fastener
per tile.
One fastener per tile every
other row. Perimeter tiles
require one fastener. Tiles
with installed weight less than
9 lbs./sq. ft. require not fewer
than one fastener per tile.
One fastener required for
every tile. Tiles with installed
weight less than 9 lbs./sq. ft.
require not fewer than one
fastener per tile.
1000-40
100>40-60The head of all tiles shall be nailed. The nose of all eave tiles shall be fastened with
approved clips. Rake tiles shall be nailed with two nails. The nose of all ridge, hip and
rake tiles shall be set in a bead of roofer’s mastic.
1100-60The fastening system shall resist the wind forces in Section 1609.5.3.
1200-60The fastening system shall resist the wind forces in Section 1609.5.3.
1300-60The fastening system shall resist the wind forces in Section 1609.5.3.
All>60The fastening system shall resist the wind forces in Section 1609.5.3.
INTERLOCKING CLAY OR CONCRETE ROOF TILE WITH PROJECTING ANCHOR LUGS
(Installations on solid sheathing without battens)
Maximum Allowable Stress
Wind Speed, Vasd f
(mph)
Mean roof height
(feet)
All roof slopes
850-60One fastener per tile.
1000-40One fastener per tile.
100> 40-60The head of all tiles shall be nailed. The nose of all eave tiles shall be fastened with
approved clips. Rake tiles shall be nailed with two nails. The nose of all ridge, hip and
rake tiles shall be set in a bead of roofer’s mastic.
1100-60The fastening system shall resist the wind forces in Section 1609.5.3.
1200-60The fastening system shall resist the wind forces in Section 1609.5.3.
1300-60The fastening system shall resist the wind forces in Section 1609.5.3.
All> 60The fastening system shall resist the wind forces in Section 1609.5.3.

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 mile per hour = 0.447 m/s, 1 pound per square foot = 4.882 kg/m2.

  1. Minimum fastener size. Corrosion-resistant nails not less than No. 11 gage with 5/16-inch head. Fasteners shall be long enough to penetrate into the sheathing 3/4 inch or through the thickness of the sheathing, whichever is less. Attaching wire for clay and concrete tile shall not be smaller than 0.083 inch.
  2. Snow areas. Not fewer than two fasteners per tile are required or battens and one fastener.
  3. Roof slopes greater than 24:12. The nose of all tiles shall be securely fastened.
  4. Horizontal battens. Battens shall be not less than 1 inch by 2 inch nominal. Provisions shall be made for drainage by a riser of not less than 1/8 inch at each nail or by 4-foot-long battens with not less than a 1/2-inch separation between battens. Horizontal battens are required for slopes over 7:12.
  5. Perimeter fastening areas include three tile courses but not less than 36 inches from either side of hips or ridges and edges of eaves and gable rakes.
  6. Vasd shall be determined in accordance with Section 1609.3.1.

Tile shall be applied according to the manufacturer’s installation instructions, based on the following:

  1. Climatic conditions.
  2. Roof slope.
  3. Underlayment system.
  4. Type of tile being installed.
At the juncture of the roof vertical surfaces, flashing and counterflashing shall be provided in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions, and where of metal, shall be not less than 0.019-inch (0.48 mm) (No. 26 galvanized sheet gage) corrosion-resistant metal. The valley flashing shall extend not less than 11 inches (279 mm) from the centerline each way and have a splash diverter rib not less than 1 inch (25 mm) high at the flow line formed as part of the flashing. Sections of flashing shall have an end lap of not less than 4 inches (102 mm). For roof slopes of three units vertical in 12 units horizontal (25-percent slope) and over, the valley flashing shall have a 36-inch-wide (914 mm) underlayment of either one layer of Type I underlayment running the full length of the valley, or a self-adhering polymer-modified bitumen sheet bearing a label indicating compliance with ASTM D1970, in addition to other required underlayment. In areas where the average daily temperature in January is 25°F (-4°C) or less or where there is a possibility of ice forming along the eaves causing a backup of water, the metal valley flashing underlayment shall be solid cemented to the roofing underlayment for slopes under seven units vertical in 12 units horizontal (58-percent slope) or self-adhering polymer-modified bitumen sheet shall be installed.
The installation of metal roof panels shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Metal roof panel roof coverings shall be applied to a solid or closely fitted deck, except where the roof covering is specifically designed to be applied to spaced supports.

Minimum slopes for metal roof panels shall comply with the following:

  1. The minimum slope for lapped, nonsoldered seam metal roof panels without applied lap sealant shall be three units vertical in 12 units horizontal (25-percent slope).
  2. The minimum slope for lapped, nonsoldered seam metal roof panels with applied lap sealant shall be one-half unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (4-percent slope). Lap sealants shall be applied in accordance with the approved manufacturer’s installation instructions.
  3. The minimum slope for standing-seam metal roof panel systems shall be one-quarter unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope).

Metal-sheet roof covering systems that incorporate supporting structural members shall be designed in accordance with Chapter 22. Metal-sheet roof coverings installed over structural decking shall comply with Table 1507.4.3(1). The materials used for metal-sheet roof coverings shall be naturally corrosion resistant or provided with corrosion resistance in accordance with the standards and minimum thicknesses shown in Table 1507.4.3(2).

TABLE 1507.4.3(1)

METAL ROOF COVERINGS

ROOF COVERING
TYPE
STANDARD APPLICATION
RATE/THICKNESS
AluminumASTM B209, 0.024 inch minimum thickness
for roll-formed panels and 0.019 inch minimum
thickness for press-formed shingles.
Aluminum-zinc
alloy coated steel
ASTM A792 AZ 50
Cold-rolled copperASTM B370 minimum 16 oz./sq. ft. and 12
oz./sq. ft. high yield copper for metal-sheet
roof covering systems: 12 oz./sq. ft. for preformed
metal shingle systems.
Copper16 oz./sq. ft. for metal-sheet roof-covering
systems; 12 oz./sq. ft. for preformed metal
shingle systems.
Galvanized steelASTM A653 G-90 zinc-coateda.
Hard lead2 lbs./sq. ft.
Lead-coated copperASTM B101
Prepainted steelASTM A755
Soft lead3 lbs./sq. ft.
Stainless steelASTM A240, 300 Series Alloys
SteelASTM A924
Terne and terne-
coated stainless
Terne coating of 40 lbs. per double base box,
field painted where applicable in accordance
with manufacturer’s installation instructions.
Zinc0.027 inch minimum thickness; 99.995%
electrolytic high grade zinc with alloy additives
of copper (0.08% - 0.20%), titanium
(0.07% - 0.12%) and aluminum (0.015%).

For SI: 1 ounce per square foot = 0.305 kg/m2,

1 pound per square foot = 4.882 kg/m2,

1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 pound = 0.454 kg.

  1. For Group U buildings, the minimum coating thickness for ASTM A653 galvanized steel roofing shall be G-60.

TABLE 1507.4.3(2)

MINIMUM CORROSION RESISTANCE

55% Aluminum-zinc alloy coated steelASTM A792 AZ 50
5% Aluminum alloy-coated steelASTM A875 GF60
Aluminum-coated steelASTM A463 T2 65
Galvanized steelASTM A653 G-90
Prepainted steelASTM A755a
  1. Paint systems in accordance with ASTM A755 shall be applied over steel products with corrosion-resistant coatings complying with ASTM A463, ASTM A653, ASTM A792 or ASTM A875.

Metal roof panels shall be secured to the supports in accordance with the approved manufacturer’s fasteners. In the absence of manufacturer recommendations, the following fasteners shall be used:

  1. Galvanized fasteners shall be used for steel roofs.
  2. Copper, brass, bronze, copper alloy or 300 series stainless-steel fasteners shall be used for copper roofs.
  3. Stainless-steel fasteners are acceptable for all types of metal roofs.
  4. Aluminum fasteners are acceptable for aluminum roofs attached to aluminum supports.
The installation of metal roof shingles shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Metal roof shingles shall be applied to a solid or closely fitted deck, except where the roof covering is specifically designed to be applied to spaced sheathing.
Metal roof shingles shall not be installed on roof slopes below three units vertical in 12 units horizontal (25-percent slope).
Where required, ice barriers shall comply with Section 1507.1.2.
Metal roof shingle roof coverings shall comply with Table 1507.4.3(1). The materials used for metal-roof shingle roof coverings shall be naturally corrosion resistant or provided with corrosion resistance in accordance with the standards and minimum thicknesses specified in the standards listed in Table 1507.4.3(2).
Metal roof shingles shall be secured to the roof in accordance with the approved manufacturer’s installation instructions.
Roof valley flashing shall be of corrosion-resistant metal of the same material as the roof covering or shall comply with the standards in Table 1507.4.3(1). The valley flashing shall extend not less than 8 inches (203 mm) from the centerline each way and shall have a splash diverter rib not less than 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) high at the flow line formed as part of the flashing. Sections of flashing shall have an end lap of not less than 4 inches (102 mm). In areas where the average daily temperature in January is 25°F (-4°C) or less or where there is a possibility of ice forming along the eaves causing a backup of water, the metal valley flashing shall have a 36-inch-wide (914 mm) underlayment directly under it consisting of either one layer of underlayment running the full length of the valley or a self-adhering polymer-modified bitumen sheet bearing a label indicating compliance with ASTM D1970, in addition to underlayment required for metal roof shingles. The metal valley flashing underlayment shall be solidly cemented to the roofing underlayment for roof slopes under seven units vertical in 12 units horizontal (58-percent slope) or self-adhering polymer-modified bitumen sheet shall be installed.
The installation of mineral-surfaced roll roofing shall comply with this section.
Mineral-surfaced roll roofing shall be fastened to solidly sheathed roofs.
Mineral-surfaced roll roofing shall not be applied on roof slopes below one unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (8-percent slope).
Where required, ice barriers shall comply with Section 1507.1.2.
Mineral-surfaced roll roofing shall conform to ASTM D3909 or ASTM D6380.
The installation of slate shingles shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Slate shingles shall be fastened to solidly sheathed roofs.
Slate shingles shall only be used on slopes of four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (4:12) or greater.
Where required, ice barriers shall comply with Section 1507.1.2.
Slate shingles shall comply with ASTM C406.

Minimum headlap for slate shingles shall be in accordance with Table 1507.7.6. Slate shingles shall be secured to the roof with two fasteners per slate.

TABLE 1507.7.6

SLATE SHINGLE HEADLAP

SLOPEHEADLAP (inches)
4:12 < slope < 8:124
8:12 < slope < 20:123
slope ≥ 20:122

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

Flashing and counterflashing shall be made with sheet metal. Valley flashing shall be not less than 15 inches (381 mm) wide. Valley and flashing metal shall be a minimum uncoated thickness of 0.0179-inch (0.455 mm) zinc-coated G90. Chimneys, stucco or brick walls shall have not fewer than two plies of felt for a cap flashing consisting of a 4-inch-wide (102 mm) strip of felt set in plastic cement and extending 1 inch (25 mm) above the first felt and a top coating of plastic cement. The felt shall extend over the base flashing 2 inches (51 mm).

The installation of wood shingles shall comply with the provisions of this section and Table 1507.8.

TABLE 1507.8

WOOD SHINGLE AND SHAKE INSTALLATION

ROOF ITEMWOOD SHINGLESWOOD SHAKES
1. Roof slopeWood shingles shall be installed on slopes of
not less than three units vertical in 12
units horizontal (3:12).
Wood shakes shall be installed on slopes of
not less than four units vertical in 12 units
horizontal (4:12).
2. Deck requirement
Temperate climateShingles shall be applied to roofs with solid or
spaced sheathing. Where spaced sheathing is
used, sheathing boards shall be not less than 1″
× 4″ nominal dimensions and shall be spaced
on centers equal to the weather exposure to
coincide with the placement of fasteners.
Shakes shall be applied to roofs with solid or
spaced sheathing. Where spaced sheathing is
used, sheathing boards shall be not less than 1″
× 4″ nominal dimensions and shall be spaced
on centers equal to the weather exposure to
coincide with the placement of fasteners.
Where 1″ × 4″ spaced sheathing is installed at
10 inches, boards must be installed between
the sheathing boards.
In areas where the average daily temperature
in January is 25°F or less or where there is a
possibility of ice forming along the eaves
causing a backup of water.
Solid sheathing is required.Solid sheathing is required.
3. InterlaymentNo requirements.Interlayment shall comply with ASTM D226,
Type 1.
4. Underlayment
Temperate climateUnderlayment shall comply with Section 1507.1.1.Underlayment shall comply with Section 1507.1.1.
5. Application
AttachmentFasteners for wood shingles shall be hot-
dipped galvanized or Type 304 (Type 316 for
coastal areas) stainless steel with a minimum
penetration of 0.75 inch into the sheathing. For
sheathing less than 0.5 inch thick, the fasteners
shall extend through the sheathing.
Fasteners for wood shakes shall be hot-dipped
galvanized or Type 304 (Type 316 for coastal
areas) with a minimum penetration of 0.75
inch into the sheathing. For sheathing less than
0.5 inch thick, the fasteners shall extend
through the sheathing.
No. of fastenersTwo per shingle.Two per shake.
ExposureWeather exposures shall not exceed those set
forth in Table 1507.8.7.
Weather exposures shall not exceed those set
forth in Table 1507.9.8.
MethodShingles shall be laid with a side lap of not
less than 1.5 inches between joints in courses,
and no two joints in any three adjacent courses
shall be in direct alignment. Spacing between
shingles shall be 0.25 to 0.375 inch.
Shakes shall be laid with a side lap of not less
than 1.5 inches between joints in adjacent
courses. Spacing between shakes shall not be
less than 0.375 inch or more than 0.625 inch
for shakes and taper sawn shakes of naturally
durable wood and shall be 0.25 to 0.375 inch
for preservative-treated taper sawn shakes.
FlashingIn accordance with Section 1507.8.8.In accordance with Section 1507.9.9.

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, °C = [(°F) - 32]/1.8.

Wood shingles shall be installed on solid or spaced sheathing. Where spaced sheathing is used, sheathing boards shall be not less than 1-inch by 4-inch (25 mm by 102 mm) nominal dimensions and shall be spaced on centers equal to the weather exposure to coincide with the placement of fasteners.
Solid sheathing is required in areas where the average daily temperature in January is 25°F (-4°C) or less or where there is a possibility of ice forming along the eaves causing a backup of water.
Wood shingles shall be installed on slopes of not less than three units vertical in 12 units horizontal (25-percent slope).
Where required, ice barriers shall comply with Section 1507.1.2.

Wood shingles shall be of naturally durable wood and comply with the requirements of Table 1507.8.5.

TABLE 1507.8.5

WOOD SHINGLE MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS

MATERIALAPPLICABLE
MINIMUM GRADES
GRADING
RULES
Wood shingles of naturally
durable wood
1, 2 or 3CSSB

CSSB = Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau.

Fasteners for wood shingles shall be corrosion resistant with a minimum penetration of 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) into the sheathing. For sheathing less than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) in thickness, the fasteners shall extend through the sheathing. Each shingle shall be attached with not fewer than two fasteners.

Wood shingles shall be laid with a side lap not less than 11/2 inches (38 mm) between joints in adjacent courses, and not be in direct alignment in alternate courses. Spacing between shingles shall be 1/4 to 3/8 inch (6.4 to 9.5 mm). Weather exposure for wood shingles shall not exceed that set in Table 1507.8.7.

TABLE 1507.8.7

WOOD SHINGLE WEATHER EXPOSURE AND ROOF SLOPE

ROOFING MATERIALLENGTH
(inches)
GRADEEXPOSURE (inches)
3:12 pitch
to < 4:12
4:12 pitch
or steeper
Shingles of naturally
durable wood
16No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
3.75
3.5
3
5
4
3.5
18No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
4.25
4
3.5
5.5
4.5
4
24No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
5.75
5.5
5
7.5
6.5
5.5

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

At the juncture of the roof and vertical surfaces, flashing and counterflashing shall be provided in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions, and where of metal, shall be not less than 0.019-inch (0.48 mm) (No. 26 galvanized sheet gage) corrosion-resistant metal. The valley flashing shall extend not less than 11 inches (279 mm) from the centerline each way and have a splash diverter rib not less than 1 inch (25 mm) high at the flow line formed as part of the flashing. Sections of flashing shall have an end lap of not less than 4 inches (102 mm). For roof slopes of three units vertical in 12 units horizontal (25-percent slope) and over, the valley flashing shall have a 36-inch-wide (914 mm) underlayment of either one layer of Type I underlayment running the full length of the valley or a self-adhering polymer-modified bitumen sheet bearing a label indicating compliance with ASTM D1970, in addition to other required underlayment. In areas where the average daily temperature in January is 25°F (-4°C) or less or where there is a possibility of ice forming along the eaves causing a backup of water, the metal valley flashing underlayment shall be solidly cemented to the roofing underlayment for slopes under seven units vertical in 12 units horizontal (58-percent slope) or self-adhering polymer-modified bitumen sheet shall be installed.
Each bundle of shingles shall be identified by a label of an approved grading or inspection bureau or agency.
The installation of wood shakes shall comply with the provisions of this section and Table 1507.8.
Wood shakes shall only be used on solid or spaced sheathing. Where spaced sheathing is used, sheathing boards shall be not less than 1-inch by 4-inch (25 mm by 102 mm) nominal dimensions and shall be spaced on centers equal to the weather exposure to coincide with the placement of fasteners. Where 1-inch by 4-inch (25 mm by 102 mm) spaced sheathing is installed at 10 inches (254 mm) on center, additional 1-inch by 4-inch (25 mm by 102 mm) boards shall be installed between the sheathing boards.
Solid sheathing is required in areas where the average daily temperature in January is 25°F (-4°C) or less or where there is a possibility of ice forming along the eaves causing a backup of water.
Wood shakes shall only be used on slopes of not less than four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33-percent slope).
Where required, ice barriers shall comply with Section 1507.1.2.
Interlayment shall comply with ASTM D226, Type I.

Wood shakes shall comply with the requirements of Table 1507.9.6.

TABLE 1507.9.6

WOOD SHAKE MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS

MATERIALMINIMUM APPLICABLE
GRADING
RULES
Wood shakes of naturally durable wood1CSSB
Taper sawn shakes of naturally durable
wood
1 or 2CSSB
Preservative-treated shakes and shingles of 1CSSB
Fire-retardant-treated shakes and shingles 1CSSB
Preservative-treated taper sawn shakes of
Southern pine treated in accordance with
AWPA U1 (Commodity Specification A,
Special Requirement 4.6
1 or 2TFS

CSSB = Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau.

TFS = Forest Products Laboratory of the Texas Forest Services.

Fasteners for wood shakes shall be corrosion resistant with a minimum penetration of 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) into the sheathing. For sheathing less than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) in thickness, the fasteners shall extend through the sheathing. Each shake shall be attached with not fewer than two fasteners.

Wood shakes shall be laid with a side lap not less than 11/2 inches (38 mm) between joints in adjacent courses. Spacing between shakes in the same course shall be 3/8 to 5/8 inch (9.5 to 15.9 mm) for shakes and taper sawn shakes of naturally durable wood and shall be 1/4 to 3/8 inch (6.4 to 9.5 mm) for preservative taper sawn shakes. Weather exposure for wood shakes shall not exceed those set in Table 1507.9.8.

TABLE 1507.9.8

WOOD SHAKE WEATHER EXPOSURE AND ROOF SLOPE

ROOFING MATERIALLENGTH
(inches)
GRADEEXPOSURE (inches)
4:12 PITCH OR STEEPER
Shakes of naturally durable wood18
24
No. 1
No. 1
7.5
10a
Preservative-treated taper sawn shakes of Southern yellow pine18
24
No. 1
No. 1
7.5
10
18
24
No. 2
No. 2
5.5
7.5
Taper sawn shakes of naturally durable wood18
24
No. 1
No. 1
7.5
10
18
24
No. 2
No. 2
5.5
7.5

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

  1. For 24-inch by 0.375-inch handsplit shakes, the maximum exposure is 7.5 inches.
At the juncture of the roof and vertical surfaces, flashing and counterflashing shall be provided in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions, and where of metal, shall be not less than 0.019-inch (0.48 mm) (No. 26 galvanized sheet gage) corrosion-resistant metal. The valley flashing shall extend not less than 11 inches (279 mm) from the centerline each way and have a splash diverter rib not less than 1 inch (25 mm) high at the flow line formed as part of the flashing. Sections of flashing shall have an end lap of not less than 4 inches (102 mm). For roof slopes of three units vertical in 12 units horizontal (25-percent slope) and over, the valley flashing shall have a 36-inch-wide (914 mm) underlayment of either one layer of Type I underlayment running the full length of the valley or a self-adhering polymer-modified bitumen sheet bearing a label indicating compliance with ASTM D1970, in addition to other required underlayment. In areas where the average daily temperature in January is 25°F (-4°C) or less or where there is a possibility of ice forming along the eaves causing a backup of water, the metal valley flashing underlayment shall be solidly cemented to the roofing underlayment for slopes under seven units vertical in 12 units horizontal (58-percent slope) or self-adhering polymer-modified bitumen sheet shall be installed.
Each bundle of shakes shall be identified by a label of an approved grading or inspection bureau or agency.
The installation of built-up roofs shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Built-up roofs shall have a design slope of not less than one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) for drainage, except for coal-tar built-up roofs that shall have a design slope of not less than one-eighth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (1-percent slope).

Built-up roof covering materials shall comply with the standards in Table 1507.10.2 or UL 55A.

TABLE 1507.10.2

BUILT-UP ROOFING MATERIAL STANDARDS

MATERIAL STANDARDSTANDARD
Acrylic coatings used in roofingASTM D6083
Aggregate surfacingASTM D1863
Asphalt adhesive used in roofingASTM D3747
Asphalt cements used in roofingASTM D2822; D3019;
D4586
Asphalt-coated glass fiber base sheetASTM D4601
Asphalt coatings used in roofingASTM D1227; D2823;
D2824; D4479
Asphalt glass feltASTM D2178
Asphalt primer used in roofingASTM D41
Asphalt-saturated and asphalt-coated
organic felt base sheet
ASTM D2626
Asphalt-saturated organic felt (perforated)ASTM D226
Asphalt used in roofingASTM D312
Coal-tar cements used in roofingASTM D4022; D5643
Coal-tar saturated organic feltASTM D227
Coal-tar pitch used in roofingASTM D450; Type I or II
Coal-tar primer used in roofing,
dampproofing and waterproofing
ASTM D43
Glass mat, coal tarASTM D4990
Glass mat, venting typeASTM D4897
Mineral-surfaced inorganic cap sheetASTM D3909
Thermoplastic fabrics used in roofingASTM D5665, D5726
The installation of modified bitumen roofing shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Modified bitumen roofing shall have a design slope of not less than one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) for drainage.
Modified bitumen roofing materials shall comply with ASTM D6162, ASTM D6163,ASTM D6164, ASTM D6222, ASTM D6223, ASTM D6298 or ASTM D6509.
A base sheet that complies with the requirements of Section 1507.11.2, ASTM D1970 or ASTM D4601 shall be permitted to be used with a modified bitumen cap sheet.
The installation of thermoset single-ply roofing shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Thermoset single-ply membrane roofs shall have a design slope of not less than one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) for drainage.
Thermoset single-ply roof coverings shall comply with ASTM D4637 or ASTM D5019.
Ballasted thermoset low-slope roofs (roof slope < 2:12) shall be installed in accordance with this section and Section 1504.4. Stone used as ballast shall comply with ASTM D448 or ASTM D7655.
The installation of thermoplastic single-ply roofing shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Thermoplastic single-ply membrane roofs shall have a design slope of not less than one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope).
Thermoplastic single-ply roof coverings shall comply with ASTM D4434, ASTM D6754 or ASTM D6878.
Ballasted thermoplastic low-slope roofs (roof slope < 2:12) shall be installed in accordance with this section and Section 1504.4. Stone used as ballast shall comply with ASTM D448 or ASTM D7655.
The installation of sprayed polyurethane foam roofing shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Sprayed polyurethane foam roofs shall have a design slope of not less than one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) for drainage.
Spray-applied polyurethane foam insulation shall comply with ASTM C1029 Type III or IV or ASTM D7425.

Foamed-in-place roof insulation shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. A liquid-applied protective coating that complies with Table 1507.14.3 shall be applied not less than 2 hours nor more than 72 hours following the application of the foam.

TABLE 1507.14.3

PROTECTIVE COATING MATERIAL STANDARDS

MATERIALSTANDARD
Acrylic coatingASTM D6083
Silicone coatingASTM D6694
Moisture-cured polyurethane coatingASTM D6947
Foam plastic materials and installation shall comply with Chapter 26.
The installation of liquid-applied roofing shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Liquid-applied roofing shall have a design slope of not less than one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope).
Liquid-applied roofing shall comply with ASTM C836, ASTM C957, ASTM D1227 or ASTM D3468, ASTM D6083, ASTM D6694 or ASTM D6947.
Vegetative roofs, roof gardens and landscaped roofs shall comply with the requirements of this chapter, Section 1607.13.3 and the International Fire Code.
The structural frame and roof construction supporting the load imposed on the roof by the vegetative roof, roof gardens or landscaped roofs shall comply with the requirements of Table 601.
The installation of photovoltaic shingles shall comply with the provisions of this section.
Photovoltaic shingles shall be applied to a solid or closely fitted deck, except where the shingles are specifically designed to be applied over spaced sheathing.
Photovoltaic shingles shall be installed on roof slopes of not less than two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12).
Where required, ice barriers shall comply with Section 1507.1.2.
Fasteners for photovoltaic shingles shall be galvanized, stainless steel, aluminum or copper roofing nails, minimum 12-gage [0.105 inch (2.67 mm)] shank with a minimum 3/8-inch-diameter (9.5 mm) head, of a length to penetrate through the roofing materials and not less than 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) into the roof sheathing. Where the roof sheathing is less than 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) thick, the nails shall penetrate through the sheathing. Fasteners shall comply with ASTM F1667.
Photovoltaic shingles shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 1703.
Photovoltaic shingles shall be attached in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions.
Photovoltaic shingles shall be tested in accordance with procedures and acceptance criteria in ASTM D3161. Photovoltaic shingles shall comply with the classification requirements of Table 1504.1.1 for the appropriate maximum nominal design wind speed. Photovoltaic shingle packaging shall bear a label to indicate compliance with the procedures in ASTM D3161 and the required classification from Table 1504.1.1.
The installation of building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roof panels shall comply with the provisions of this section.
BIPV roof panels shall be applied to a solid or closely fitted deck, except where the roof covering is specifically designed to be applied over spaced sheathing.
BIPV roof panels shall be used only on roof slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12) or greater.
Underlayment shall comply with ASTM D226, ASTM D4869 or ASTM D6757.
Underlayment shall be applied shingle fashion, parallel to and starting from the eave, lapped 2 inches (51 mm) and fastened sufficiently to hold in place.

Underlayment applied in areas subject to high winds [Vasd greater than 110 mph (49 m/s) as determined in accordance with Section 1609.3.1] shall be applied in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Fasteners shall be applied along the overlap at not more than 36 inches (914 mm) on center. Underlayment installed where Vasd is not less than 120 mph (54 m/s) shall comply with ASTM D226, Type III, ASTM D4869, Type IV or ASTM D6757. The underlayment shall be attached in a grid pattern of 12 inches (305 mm) between side laps with a 6-inch (152 mm) spacing at the side laps. The underlayment shall be applied in accordance with Section 1507.1.1 except all laps shall be not less than 4 inches (102 mm). Underlayment shall be attached using cap nails or cap staples. Caps shall be metal or plastic with a nominal head diameter of not less than 1 inch (25.4 mm). Metal caps shall have a thickness of not less than 0.010 inch (0.25 mm). Power-driven metal caps shall have a thickness of not less than 0.010 inch (0.25 mm). Thickness of the outside edge of plastic caps shall be not less than 0.035 inch (0.89 mm). The cap nail shank shall be not less than 0.083 inch (2.11 mm) for ring shank cap nails and 0.091 inch (2.31 mm) for smooth shank cap nails. Staple gage shall be not less than 21 gage [0.0.2 inch (0.81 mm)]. Cap nail shank and cap staple legs shall have a length sufficient to penetrate through-the-roof sheathing or not less than 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) into the roof sheathing.

Exception: As an alternative, adhered underlayment complying with ASTM D1970 shall be permitted.

In areas where there has been a history of ice forming along the eaves causing a back-up of water, an ice barrier consisting of not fewer than two layers of underlayment cemented together or of a self-adhering polymer/modified bitumen sheet shall be used instead of normal underlayment and extend from the lowest edges of all roof surfaces to a point not less than 24 inches (610 mm) inside the exterior wall line of the building.

Exception: Detached accessory structures that do not contain conditioned floor area.

BIPV roof panels shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 1703.
BIPV roof panels shall be attached in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions.
BIPV roof panels shall be tested in accordance with UL 1897. BIPV roof panel packaging shall bear a label to indicate compliance with UL 1897.

The use of above-deck thermal insulation shall be permitted provided that such insulation is covered with an approved roof covering and passes the tests of NFPA 276 or UL 1256 when tested as an assembly.

Exceptions:

  1. Foam plastic roof insulation shall conform to the material and installation requirements of Chapter 26.
  2. Where a concrete roof deck is used and the above-deck thermal insulation is covered with an approved roof covering.

Above-deck thermal insulation board shall comply with the standards in Table 1508.2.

[BF] TABLE 1508.2

MATERIAL STANDARDS FOR ROOF INSULATION

Cellular glass boardASTM C552
Composite boardsASTM C1289, Type III, IV, V or VII
Expanded polystyreneASTM C578
Extruded polystyreneASTM C578
Fiber-reinforced gypsum boardASTM C1278
Glass-faced gypsum boardASTM C1177
High-density polyisocyanurate boardASTM C1289, Type II, Class 4
Mineral fiber insulation boardASTM C726
Perlite boardASTM C728
Polyisocyanurate boardASTM C1289, Type I or II
Wood fiberboardASTM C208, Type II
A radiant barrier installed above a deck shall comply with Sections 1509.2 through 1509.4.
Radiant barriers shall be permitted for use above decks where the radiant barrier is covered with an approved roof covering and the system consisting of the radiant barrier and the roof covering complies with the requirements of either FM 4450 or UL 1256.
The low emittance surface of the radiant barrier shall face the continuous airspace between the radiant barrier and the roof covering.
A radiant barrier installed above a deck shall comply with ASTM C1313/1313M.
The provisions of this section shall govern the construction of rooftop structures.
The aggregate area of penthouses and other enclosed rooftop structures shall not exceed one-third the area of the supporting roof deck. Such penthouses and other enclosed rooftop structures shall not be required to be included in determining the building area or number of stories as regulated by Section 503.1. The area of such penthouses shall not be included in determining the fire area specified in Section 901.7.
Penthouses in compliance with Sections 1510.2.1 through 1510.2.5 shall be considered as a portion of the story directly below the roof deck on which such penthouses are located. Other penthouses shall be considered as an additional story of the building.

Penthouses constructed on buildings of other than Type I construction shall not exceed 18 feet (5486 mm) in height above the roof deck as measured to the average height of the roof of the penthouse. Penthouses located on the roof of buildings of Type I construction shall not be limited in height.

Exception: Where used to enclose tanks or elevators that travel to the roof level, penthouses shall be permitted to have a maximum height of 28 feet (8534 mm) above the roof deck.

Penthouses shall not be used for purposes other than the shelter of mechanical or electrical equipment, tanks, elevators and related machinery, or vertical shaft openings in the roof assembly.
Provisions such as louvers, louver blades or flashing shall be made to protect the mechanical and electrical equipment and the building interior from the elements.

Penthouses shall be constructed with walls, floors and roofs as required for the type of construction of the building on which such penthouses are built.

Exceptions:

  1. On buildings of Type I construction, the exterior walls and roofs of penthouses with a fire separation distance greater than 5 feet (1524 mm) and less than 20 feet (6096 mm) shall be permitted to have not less than a 1-hour fire-resistance rating. The exterior walls and roofs of penthouses with a fire separation distance of 20 feet (6096 mm) or greater shall not be required to have a fire-resistance rating.
  2. On buildings of Type I construction two stories or less in height above grade plane or of Type II construction, the exterior walls and roofs of penthouses with a fire separation distance greater than 5 feet (1524 mm) and less than 20 feet (6096 mm) shall be permitted to have not less than a 1-hour fire-resistance rating or a lesser fire-resistance rating as required by Table 602 and be constructed of fire-retardant-treated wood. The exterior walls and roofs of penthouses with a fire separation distance of 20 feet (6096 mm) or greater shall be permitted to be constructed of fire-retardant-treated wood and shall not be required to have a fire-resistance rating. Interior framing and walls shall be permitted to be constructed of fire-retardant-treated wood.
  3. On buildings of Type III, IV or V construction, the exterior walls of penthouses with a fire separation distance greater than 5 feet (1524 mm) and less than 20 feet (6096 mm) shall be permitted to have not less than a 1-hour fire-resistance rating or a lesser fire-resistance rating as required by Table 602. On buildings of Type III, IV or VA construction, the exterior walls of penthouses with a fire separation distance of 20 feet (6096 mm) or greater shall be permitted to be of heavy timber construction complying with Sections 602.4 and 2304.11 or noncombustible construction or fire-retardant-treated wood and shall not be required to have a fire-resistance rating.
Tanks having a capacity of more than 500 gallons (1893 L) located on the roof deck of a building shall be supported on masonry, reinforced concrete, steel or heavy timber construction complying with Section 2304.11 provided that, where such supports are located in the building above the lowest story, the support shall be fire-resistance rated as required for Type IA construction.
In the bottom or on the side near the bottom of the tank, a pipe or outlet, fitted with a suitable quick-opening valve for discharging the contents into a drain in an emergency shall be provided.
Tanks shall not be placed over or near a stairway or an elevator shaft, unless there is a solid roof or floor underneath the tank.
Unenclosed roof tanks shall have covers sloping toward the perimeter of the tanks.

Cooling towers located on the roof deck of a building and greater than 250 square feet (23.2 m2) in base area or greater than 15 feet (4572 mm) in height above the roof deck, as measured to the highest point on the cooling tower, where the roof is greater than 50 feet (15 240 mm) in height above grade plane shall be constructed of noncombustible materials. The base area of cooling towers shall not exceed one-third the area of the supporting roof deck.

Exception: Drip boards and the enclosing construction shall be permitted to be of wood not less than 1 inch (25 mm) nominal thickness, provided that the wood is covered on the exterior of the tower with noncombustible material.

Towers, spires, domes and cupolas shall be of a type of construction having fire-resistance ratings not less than required for the building on top of which such tower, spire, dome or cupola is built. Towers, spires, domes and cupolas greater than 85 feet (25 908 mm) in height above grade plane as measured to the highest point on such structures, and either greater than 200 square feet (18.6 m2) in horizontal area or used for any purpose other than a belfry or an architectural embellishment, shall be constructed of and supported on Type I or II construction.
Towers, spires, domes and cupolas greater than 60 feet (18 288 mm) in height above the highest point at which such structure contacts the roof as measured to the highest point on such structure, or that exceeds 200 square feet (18.6 m2) in area at any horizontal section, or which is intended to be used for any purpose other than a belfry or architectural embellishment, or is located on the top of a building greater than 50 feet (15 240 mm) in building height shall be constructed of and supported by noncombustible materials and shall be separated from the building below by construction having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1.5 hours with openings protected in accordance with Section 711. Such structures located on the top of a building greater than 50 feet (15 240 mm) in building height shall be supported by noncombustible construction.
Enclosed towers and spires shall have exterior walls constructed as required for the building on top of which such towers and spires are built. The roof covering of spires shall be not less than the same class of roof covering required for the building on top of which the spire is located.
Mechanical equipment screens shall be constructed of the materials specified for the exterior walls in accordance with the type of construction of the building. Where the fire separation distance is greater than 5 feet (1524 mm), mechanical equipment screens shall not be required to comply with the fire-resistance rating requirements.

Mechanical equipment screens shall not exceed 18 feet (5486 mm) in height above the roof deck, as measured to the highest point on the mechanical equipment screen.

Exception: Where located on buildings of Type IA construction, the height of mechanical equipment screens shall not be limited.

Regardless of the requirements in Section 1510.6, mechanical equipment screens that are located on the roof decks of buildings of Type I, II, III or IV construction shall be permitted to be constructed of combustible materials in accordance with any one of the following limitations:

  1. The fire separation distance shall be not less than 20 feet (6096 mm) and the height of the mechanical equipment screen above the roof deck shall not exceed 4 feet (1219 mm) as measured to the highest point on the mechanical equipment screen.
  2. The fire separation distance shall be not less than 20 feet (6096 mm) and the mechanical equipment screen shall be constructed of fire-retardant-treated wood complying with Section 2303.2 for exterior installation.
  3. Where exterior wall covering panels are used, the panels shall have a flame spread index of 25 or less when tested in the minimum and maximum thicknesses intended for use, with each face tested independently in accordance with ASTM E84 or UL 723. The panels shall be tested in the minimum and maximum thicknesses intended for use in accordance with, and shall comply with the acceptance criteria of, NFPA 285 and shall be installed as tested. Where the panels are tested as part of an exterior wall assembly in accordance with NFPA 285, the panels shall be installed on the face of the mechanical equipment screen supporting structure in the same manner as they were installed on the tested exterior wall assembly.

The height of mechanical equipment screens located on the roof decks of buildings of Type V construction, as measured from grade plane to the highest point on the mechanical equipment screen, shall be permitted to exceed the maximum building height allowed for the building by other provisions of this code where complying with any one of the following limitations, provided that the fire separation distance is greater than 5 feet (1524 mm):

  1. Where the fire separation distance is not less than 20 feet (6096 mm), the height above grade plane of the mechanical equipment screen shall not exceed 4 feet (1219 mm) more than the maximum building height allowed.
  2. The mechanical equipment screen shall be constructed of noncombustible materials.
  3. The mechanical equipment screen shall be constructed of fire-retardant-treated wood complying with Section 2303.2 for exterior installation.
  4. Where the fire separation distance is not less than 20 feet (6096 mm), the mechanical equipment screen shall be constructed of materials having a flame spread index of 25 or less when tested in the minimum and maximum thicknesses intended for use with each face tested independently in accordance with ASTM E84 or UL 723.
Rooftop-mounted photovoltaic panels and modules shall be designed in accordance with this section.
Rooftop-mounted photovoltaic panels and modules shall have the fire classification in accordance with Section 1505.9.
Rooftop-mounted photovoltaic panels and modules shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 1703 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Rooftop structures not regulated by Sections 1510.2 through 1510.7 shall comply with Sections 1510.8.1 through 1510.8.5, as applicable.

Aerial supports shall be constructed of noncombustible materials.

Exception: Aerial supports not greater than 12 feet (3658 mm) in height as measured from the roof deck to the highest point on the aerial supports shall be permitted to be constructed of combustible materials.

Bulkheads used for the shelter of mechanical or electrical equipment or vertical shaft openings in the roof assembly shall comply with Section 1510.2 as penthouses. Bulkheads used for any other purpose shall be considered as an additional story of the building.
Dormers shall be of the same type of construction as required for the roof in which such dormers are located or the exterior walls of the building.
Fences and similar structures shall comply with Section 1510.6 as mechanical equipment screens.
Flagpoles and similar structures shall not be required to be constructed of noncombustible materials and shall not be limited in height or number.
The structural frame and roof construction supporting loads imposed upon the roof by any rooftop structure shall comply with the requirements of Table 601. The fire-resistance reduction permitted by Table 601, Note a, shall not apply to roofs containing rooftop structures.

Materials and methods of application used for recovering or replacing an existing roof covering shall comply with the requirements of Chapter 15.


Exceptions:

  1. Roof replacement or roof recover of existing low-slope roof coverings shall not be required to meet the minimum design slope requirement of one-quarter unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) in Section 1507 for roofs that provide positive roof drainage.
  2. Recovering or replacing an existing roof covering shall not be required to meet the requirement for secondary (emergency overflow) drains or scuppers in Section 1502.2 for roofs that provide for positive roof drainage. For the purposes of this exception, existing secondary drainage or scupper systems required in accordance with this code shall not be removed unless they are replaced by secondary drains or scuppers designed and installed in accordance with Section 1502.2.
Structural roof components shall be capable of supporting the roof-covering system and the material and equipment loads that will be encountered during installation of the system.

Roof replacement shall include the removal of all existing layers of roof coverings down to the roof deck.

Exception: Where the existing roof assembly includes an ice barrier membrane that is adhered to the roof deck, the existing ice barrier membrane shall be permitted to remain in place and covered with an additional layer of ice barrier membrane in accordance with Section 1507.

The installation of a new roof covering over an existing roof covering shall be permitted where any of the following conditions occur:

  1. Where the new roof covering is installed in accordance with the roof covering manufacturer’s approved instructions.
  2. Complete and separate roofing systems, such as standing-seam metal roof panel systems, that are designed to transmit the roof loads directly to the building’s structural system and that do not rely on existing roofs and roof coverings for support, shall not require the removal of existing roof coverings.
  3. Metal panel, metal shingle and concrete and clay tile roof coverings shall be permitted to be installed over existing wood shake roofs when applied in accordance with Section 1511.4.
  4. The application of a new protective roof coating over an existing protective roof coating, metal roof panel, built-up roof, spray polyurethane foam roofing system, metal roof shingles, mineral-surfaced roll roofing, modified bitumen roofing or thermoset and thermoplastic single-ply roofing shall be permitted without tear off of existing roof coverings.

A roof recover shall not be permitted where any of the following conditions occur:

  1. Where the existing roof or roof covering is water soaked or has deteriorated to the point that the existing roof or roof covering is not adequate as a base for additional roofing.
  2. Where the existing roof covering is slate, clay, cement or asbestos-cement tile.
  3. Where the existing roof has two or more applications of any type of roof covering.
Where the application of a new roof covering over wood shingle or shake roofs creates a combustible concealed space, the entire existing surface shall be covered with gypsum board, mineral fiber, glass fiber or other approved materials securely fastened in place.
Existing slate, clay or cement tile shall be permitted for reinstallation, except that damaged, cracked or broken slate or tile shall not be reinstalled. Existing vent flashing, metal edgings, drain outlets, collars and metal counterflashings shall not be reinstalled where rusted, damaged or deteriorated. Aggregate surfacing materials shall not be reinstalled.
Flashings shall be reconstructed in accordance with approved manufacturer’s installation instructions. Metal flashing to which bituminous materials are to be adhered shall be primed prior to installation.
Photovoltaic panels and modules installed on a roof or as an integral part of a roof assembly shall comply with the requirements of this code and the International Fire Code.
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