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In buildings that are protected by an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 9.7, guest rooms and guest suites of hotels and dormitories shall be permitted to have their sole means of egress pass through a nonresidential occupancy in the same building, provided that both of the following criteria are met:
In buildings that are not protected by an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 9.7, guest rooms and guest suites of hotels and dormitories shall be permitted to have their sole means of egress pass through a non-residential occupancy in the same building, provided that all of the following criteria are met:
- The sole means of egress from the guest room or guest suite of the hotel or dormitory to the exterior shall be separated from the remainder of the building by fire barriers having a minimum 1-hour fire resistance rating.
- The hotel or dormitory shall comply with Chapter 29.
- The sole means of egress from the guest room or guest suite of the hotel or dormitory shall not pass through a high-hazard contents area, as defined in 220.127.116.11.
The occupant load, in number of persons for whom means of egress and other provisions are required, shall be determined on the basis of the occupant load factors of Table 18.104.22.168 that are characteristic of the use of the space or shall be determined as the maximum probable population of the space under consideration, whichever is greater.
Means of egress shall comply with all of the following, except as otherwise permitted by 22.214.171.124 and 126.96.36.199:
A single exit shall be permitted in buildings where the total number of stories does not exceed four, provided that all of the following conditions are met:
- There are four or fewer guest rooms or guest suites per story.
- The building is protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 29.3.5.
- The exit stairway does not serve more than one-half of a story below the level of exit discharge.
- The travel distance from the entrance door of any guest room or guest suite to an exit does not exceed 35 ft (10.7 m).
- The exit stairway is completely enclosed or separated from the rest of the building by barriers having a minimum 1-hour fire resistance rating.
- All openings between the exit stairway enclosure and the building are protected with self-closing door assemblies having a minimum 1-hour fire protection rating.
- All corridors serving as access to exits have a minimum 1-hour fire resistance rating.
- Horizontal and vertical separation having a minimum 1/2-hour fire resistance rating is provided between guest rooms or guest suites.
Dead-end corridors shall not exceed 50 ft (15 m).
Travel distance from the corridor door of any guest room or guest suite to the nearest exit shall be measured in accordance with Section 7.6 and shall not exceed 200 ft (61 m) where the exit access and any portion of the building that is tributary to the exit access are protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 29.3.5.
Where the building is not protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system, the 200 ft (61 m) travel distance shall be permitted within any portion of the building that is protected by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system, provided that the sprinklered portion of the building is separated from any nonsprinklered portion by fire barriers having a fire resistance rating as follows:
The distance of travel from the termination of the exit enclosure to an exterior door leading to a public way shall not exceed 150 ft (46 m) in buildings protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 29.3.5 and shall not exceed 100 ft (30 m) in all other buildings.
Emergency lighting in accordance with Section 7.9 shall be provided in all buildings with more than 25 rooms.
The use of Section 7.13 shall be prohibited.
In buildings, other than high-rise buildings, that are protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 29.3.5, and in which exits and required ways of travel thereto are adequately safeguarded against fire and smoke within the building, or where every individual room has direct access to an exterior exit without passing through any public corridor, the protection of vertical openings that are not part of required exits shall not be required where approved by the authority having jurisdiction and where such openings do not endanger required means of egress.
All rooms containing high-pressure boilers, refrigerating machinery, transformers, or other service equipment subject to possible explosion shall not be located directly under or directly adjacent to exits and shall be effectively cut off from other parts of the building as specified in Section 8.7.
The areas described in Table 188.8.131.52.2 shall be protected as indicated.
Table 184.108.40.206.2 Hazardous Area Protection
|Hazardous Area Description||Separation/Protectiona|
|Boiler and fuel-fired heater rooms serving more than a single guest room or guest suite||1 hour or sprinklers|
|Employee locker rooms||1 hour or sprinklers|
|Gift or retail shops > 100 ft2 (> 9.3 m2)||1 hour or sprinklersb|
|Bulk laundries||1 hour or sprinklers|
|Guest Laundries > 100 ft2 (> 9.3 m2) outside of guest rooms or guest suites||1 hour or sprinklersb|
|Maintenance shops||1 hour and sprinklers|
|Rooms or spaces used for storage of combustible supplies and equipment in quantities deemed hazardous by the authority having jurisdictionc||1 hour or sprinklers|
|Trash collection rooms||1 hour and sprinklers|
aMinimum fire resistance rating.
The required fire alarm system shall be initiated by each of the following:
- Manual means in accordance with 9.6.2, unless there are other effective means to activate the fire alarm system, such as complete automatic sprinkler or automatic detection systems, with manual fire alarm box in accordance with 220.127.116.11(2) required
- Manual fire alarm box located at the hotel desk or other convenient central control point under continuous supervision by responsible employees
- Required automatic sprinkler system
- Required automatic detection system other than sleeping room smoke detectors
Where the existing fire alarm system does not provide for automatic emergency forces notification in accordance with 9.6.4, provisions shall be made for the immediate notification of the public fire department by telephone or other means in case of fire, and, where there is no public fire department, notification shall be made to the private fire brigade.
Single-station smoke alarms without a secondary (standby) power source shall be permitted.
Where an automatic sprinkler system is installed, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be in accordance with Section 9.7, as modified by 18.104.22.168 and 22.214.171.124. In buildings four or fewer stories above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Low-Rise Residential Occupancies, shall be permitted.
Spaces shall be permitted to be unlimited in area and open to the corridor, provided that all of the following criteria are met:
The requirement of 126.96.36.199.1 shall not apply where a corridor smoke detection system is provided that, when sensing smoke, sounds the building alarm and shuts down return or exhaust fans that draw air into the corridor from the guest rooms. The transfer grille or louver shall be located in the lower one-third of the wall or door height.
The requirement of 188.8.131.52.1 shall not apply to buildings protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system complying with 29.3.5 or buildings with corridor sprinkler protection in accordance with 184.108.40.206 through 220.127.116.11. The transfer grille or louver shall be located in the lower one-third of the wall or door height.
Smoke partitions shall not be required where the aggregate corridor length on each floor is not more than 150 ft (46 m).
Alcohol-based hand-rub dispensers in accordance with 18.104.22.168 shall be permitted.
Heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning equipment shall comply with the provisions of Section 9.2, except as otherwise required in this chapter.
Unvented fuel-fired heaters, other than gas space heaters in compliance with NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code, shall not be used.
Elevators, escalators, and conveyors shall comply with the provisions of Section 9.4.
Waste chutes, incinerators, and laundry chutes shall comply with the provisions of Section 9.5.
Employees of hotels shall be instructed and drilled in the duties they are to perform in the event of fire, panic, or other emergency.
Drills of the emergency organization shall be held at quarterly intervals and shall cover such points as the operation and maintenance of the available first aid fire appliances, the testing of devices to alert guests, and a study of instructions for emergency duties.
Emergency egress and relocation drills in accordance with Section 4.7 shall be held with sufficient frequency to familiarize occupants with all types of hazards and to establish conduct of the drill as a matter of routine. Drills shall be conducted during peak occupancy periods and shall include suitable procedures to ensure that all persons subject to the drill participate.
Fire safety information shall be provided to allow guests to make the decision to evacuate to the outside, to evacuate to an area of refuge, to remain in place, or to employ any combination of the three options.
Emergency action plans in accordance with Section 4.8 shall be provided.
New draperies, curtains, and other similar loosely hanging furnishings and decorations shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria contained in Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films.
Furnishings or decorations of an explosive or highly flammable character shall not be used.
Fire-retardant coatings shall be maintained to retain the effectiveness of the treatment under service conditions encountered in actual use.