Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this code, have the meanings indicated in this chapter.
Words used in the present tense include the future; words in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural, the singular.
Where terms are not defined through the methods authorized by this section, such terms shall have ordinarily accepted meanings such as the context implies.
ACCEPTABLE METHODS. Design, analysis and testing methods that have been approved for use in developing design solutions for compliance with the requirements of this code. See Section 104.
AMENITY. An attribute of, or system in, the building that provides services or functions related to the use of the building by the occupants or that contributes to the comfort of the occupants, and that is not necessary for the minimum protection of the occupants. For example, an automatic sprinkler system is not a building amenity.
ARCHITECT/ENGINEER. The individual architect or engineer who is registered or licensed to practice his or her respective design profession as defined by the statutory requirements of the professional registration laws of the state or jurisdiction in which the project is to be constructed. See Qualification Characteristics in Appendix D.
AUTHORITATIVE DOCUMENT. A document containing a body of knowledge commonly used by practicing architects or engineers. It represents the state of the art, including accepted engineering practices, test methods, criteria, loads, safety factors, reliability factors and similar technical matters. The document portrays the standard of care normally observed with a particular discipline. The content is promulgated through an open consensus process or a review by professional peers conducted by recognized authoritative professional societies, codes or standards organizations, or governmental bodies.
BOUNDING CONDITIONS. Conditions that, if exceeded, invalidate the performance-based design. These could be maximum allowable conditions such as fuel load or type and arrangement of fuel load that must be maintained throughout the life of a building to ensure that design parameters are not exceeded.
CODE. The term used in this document to refer to the ICC Performance Code for Buildings and Facilities. Other codes in the International Code Council’s family of codes and the National Electrical Code are identified where used.
COMMISSIONING. The process of verifying that a system meets design, technical standards and code expectations via inspection, testing and operational functionality.
CONSULTANT. An individual who provides specialized services to an owner, designer, code official or contractor.
CONTRACT REVIEW. Plan review, as defined below, performed by a consultant who is retained by the code official for that purpose.
DESIGN DOCUMENTS. Design drawings, computations, geotechnical and other reports, specifications and related documentation that are submitted to governmental agencies for approval and for the purpose of constructing buildings and structures.
DESIGN GUIDE. A document containing a body of knowledge or information used by practicing architects and engineers that is not required to meet an open consensus requirement. It represents accepted architectural/engineering principles and practices, tests and test data, criteria, loads, safety factors, reliability factors and similar technical data.
DESIGN PROFESSIONAL. An individual who is registered or licensed to practice his or her respective design profession as defined by the statutory requirements of the professional registration laws of the state or jurisdiction in which the project is to be constructed.
ESSENTIAL FACILITIES. Buildings and other structures that are intended to remain operational in the event of extreme environmental loading from flood, wind, snow or earthquake.
FACILITY. (General Application) Includes all buildings or structures (permanent or temporary), including all fire- and life-safety systems installed therein. A facility includes interior and exterior storage areas, equipment and processes dealing with flammable and combustible substances and hazardous materials, on site. The term includes tents, membrane structures, mobile and manufactured structures, storage tanks, piers, wharves and all required access roads and areas.
FACILITY. (Only applicable to Section 702). The entire building or any portion of a building, structure or area, including the site on which such building, structure or area is located, wherein specific services are provided or activities are performed.
PEER REVIEW. An independent and objective technical review of the design of a building or structure to examine the proposed conceptual and analytical concepts, objectives and criteria of the design and construction. It shall be conducted by an architect or engineer who has a level of experience in the design of projects similar to the one being reviewed at least comparable to that of the architect or engineer responsible for the project.
PERFORMANCE-BASED DESIGN. An engineering approach to design elements of a building based on agreed upon performance goals and objectives, engineering analysis and quantitative assessment of alternatives against the design goals and objectives using accepted engineering tools, methodologies and performance criteria.
PLAN REVIEW. A review of the construction documents by the code official to verify conformance to applicable performance and prescriptive code requirements.
PRESCRIPTIVE CODES. The International Code Council’s family of codes, which provide specific (design, construction and maintenance) requirements for building, energy conservation, fire prevention, mechanical, plumbing and so forth.
PRINCIPAL DESIGN PROFESSIONAL. An architect or engineer who is responsible to the owner and has contractual responsibility and authority over all design professional disciplines to prepare and coordinate a complete and comprehensive set of design documents for a project.
QUALITY ASSURANCE. Inspection by code officials, and special inspection and testing by qualified persons and observation by architects/engineers, where applicable, of the construction of a building or structure to verify general conformance with the construction documents, and applicable performance and prescriptive code requirements.
SAFE PLACE. An interior or exterior area wherein protection from hazards is provided by construction or appropriate separation distance.
SAFETY SYSTEMS. Designed systems in the building provided to serve as the protection for the occupants and the building and contents from hazards.
SERIOUS INJURY. An injury requiring hospitalization or multiple visits to a healthcare provider to effect treatment.
SPECIAL EXPERT. An individual who has demonstrated qualifications in a specific area, outside the practice of architecture or engineering, by education, training and experience.