Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
Plumbing elements and facilities required to be accessible by scoping provisions adopted by the administrative authority shall comply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 6.
Drinking fountains for persons using wheelchairs shall comply with Sections 602.2 and 307. Drinking fountains for persons who are standing shall comply with Section 602.3 and 307.
Drinking fountains for persons using wheelchairs shall comply with Sections 602.2.1 through 602.2.5.

A clear floor space positioned for a forward approach to the drinking fountain shall be provided. Knee and toe space complying with Section 306 shall be provided. The clear floor space shall be centered on the drinking fountain.

Exception: Drinking fountains primarily for children's use shall be permitted where a clear floor space provides a parallel approach and is centered on the drinking fountain.

FIGURE 602.2.1(A)

CLEAR FLOOR SPACE AT WHEELCHAIR DRINKING FOUNTAINS

FIGURE 602.2.1(B)

CLEAR FLOOR SPACE AT WHEELCHAIR DRINKING FOUNTAINS - PRIMARILY FOR CHILDREN'S USE EXCEPTION

Spout outlets of drinking fountains shall be 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the floor.

Exception: At drinking fountains primarily for children's use, the spout outlet shall be 30 inches (760 mm) maximum above the floor.

FIGURE 602.2.3

WHEELCHAIR DRINKING FOUNTAIN SPOUT HEIGHT AND LOCATION

The spout shall be located 15 inches (380 mm) minimum from the vertical support and 5 inches (125 mm) maximum from the front edge of the drinking fountain, including bumpers.

Exception: At drinking fountains primarily for children's use, the spout shall be located 31/2 inches (90 mm) maximum from the front edge of the drinking fountain, including bumpers.

FIGURE 602.2.4

WHEELCHAIR DRINKING FOUNTAIN SPOUT LOCATION

The spout shall provide a flow of water 4 inches (100 mm) minimum in height. The angle of the water stream from spouts within 3 inches (75 mm) of the front of the drinking fountain shall be 30 degrees maximum, and from spouts between 3 inches (75 mm) and 5 inches (125 mm) from the front of the drinking fountain shall be 15 degrees maximum, measured horizontally relative to the front face of the drinking fountain.
Drinking fountains for persons who are standing shall comply with Sections 602.3.1 through 602.3.4.
Operable parts shall comply with Sections 309.3 and 309.4.

Spout outlets of drinking fountains shall be 38 inches (965 mm) minimum and 43 inches (1090 mm) maximum above the floor.

Exception: Drinking fountains primarily for children's use shall be permitted where the spout outlet is 30 inches (760 mm) minimum and 43 inches (1090 mm) maximum above the floor.

FIGURE 602.3.2

STANDING USE DRINKING FOUNTAIN SPOUT HEIGHT AND LOCATION

The spout shall be located 5 inches (125 mm) maximum from the front edge of the drinking fountain, including bumpers.

FIGURE 602.3.3

STANDING USE DRINKING FOUNTAIN SPOUT LOCATION

The spout shall provide a flow of water 4 inches (100 mm) minimum in height. The angle of the water stream from spouts within 3 inches (75 mm) of the front of the drinking fountain shall be 30 degrees maximum, and from spouts between 3 inches (75 mm) and 5 inches (125 mm) from the front of the drinking fountain shall be 15 degrees maximum, measured horizontally relative to the front face of the drinking fountain.

Bottle filling stations shall comply with Sections 602.4.1 and 602.4.2.

Exception: Where bottle filling stations are part of the drinking fountain for persons who are standing, the bottle filling station is not required to comply with this section provided a bottle filling station is located at the drinking fountain for persons using wheelchairs.

A clear floor space positioned for a forward or side approach shall be provided.
Controls for bottle filling stations shall be hand operated or automatic. Hand operated controls shall comply with Section 309.
Toilet and bathing rooms shall comply with Section 603.
A turning space shall be provided within the room. The required turning space shall not be provided within a toilet compartment.

Doors shall not swing into the clear floor space or clearance for any fixture.

Exceptions:

  1. Doors to a toilet or bathing room for a single occupant, accessed only through a private office and not for common use or public use shall be permitted to swing into the clear floor space, provided the swing of the door can be reversed to comply with Section 603.2.2.
  2. Where the room is for individual use and a clear floor space complying with Section 305.3 is provided within the room beyond the arc of the door swing, the door shall not be required to comply with Section 603.2.2.

Where mirrors are located above lavatories, a mirror shall be located over the lavatory complying with Section 606 and shall be mounted with the bottom edge of the reflecting surface 40 inches (1015 mm) maximum above the floor. Where mirrors are located above counters that do not contain lavatories, the mirror shall be mounted with the bottom edge of the reflecting surface 40 inches (1015 mm) maximum above the floor.

Exception: Other than within Accessible dwelling or sleeping units, mirrors shall not be required over the lavatories or counters if a mirror is located within the same toilet or bathing room and mounted with the bottom edge of the reflecting surface 35 inches (890 mm) maximum above the floor.

Coat hooks shall be located within one of the reach ranges specified in Section 308. Shelves shall be 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the floor.
Diaper changing tables shall comply with Sections 309 and 902

Operable parts on towel dispensers and hand dryers serving lavatories complying with Section 606 shall comply with Table 603.6.

TABLE 603.6

MAXIMUM REACH DEPTH AND HEIGHT

Maximum
Reach Depth
0.5 inch
(13 mm)
2 inches
(51 mm)
5 inches
(125 mm)
6 inches
(150 mm)
9 inches
(230 mm)
11 inches
(280 mm)
Maximum
Reach Height
48 inches
(1220 mm)
46 inches
(1170 mm)
42 inches
(1065 mm)
40 inches
(1015 mm)
36 inches
(915 mm)
34 inches
(865 mm)

Water closets and toilet compartments shall comply with Section 604. Compartments containing more than one plumbing fixture shall comply with Section 603. Wheelchair accessible compartments shall comply with Section 604.9. Ambulatory accessible compartments shall comply with Section 604.10.

Exception: Water closets and toilet compartments primarily for children's use shall be permitted to comply with Section 604.11 as applicable.

The water closet shall be located with a wall or partition to the rear and to one side. The centerline of the water closet shall be 16 inches (405 mm) minimum and 18 inches (455 mm) maximum from the side wall or partition. Water closets located in ambulatory accessible toilet compartments specified in Section 604.10 shall have the centerline of the water closet 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum from the side wall or partition.

FIGURE 604.2

WATER CLOSET LOCATION

FIGURE 604.3

SIZE OF CLEARANCE FOR WATER CLOSET

Clearance around a water closet shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in width, measured perpendicular from the sidewall.
Clearance around the water closet shall be 56 inches (1420 mm) minimum in depth, measured perpendicular from the rear wall.
The required clearance around the water closet shall be permitted to overlap the water closet, associated grab bars, paper dispensers, sanitary napkin receptacles, coat hooks, shelves, accessible routes, clear floor space at other fixtures and the turning space. No other fixtures or obstructions shall be within the required water closet clearance.

The height of water closet seats shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the floor, measured to the top of the seat. Seats shall not be sprung to return to a lifted position.

Exceptions:

  1. A water closet which is adjustable in height by the user is permitted provided that at least one adjustment setting provides a seat within the range specified in this section.
  2. A water closet in a toilet room for a single occupant, accessed only through a private office and not for common use or public use, shall not be required to comply with this section.

Note: For children's dimensions see Fig. 604.11.4

FIGURE 604.4

WATER CLOSET SEAT HEIGHT

Grab bars for water closets shall comply with Section 609 and shall be provided in accordance with Sections 604.5.1 and 604.5.2. Grab bars shall be provided on the rear wall and on the side wall closest to the water closet.

Exceptions:

  1. Grab bars shall not be required to be installed in a toilet room for a single occupant, accessed only through a private office and not for common use or public use, provided reinforcement has been installed in walls and located so as to permit the installation of grab bars complying with Section 604.5.
  2. In detention or correction facilities, grab bars shall not be required to be installed in housing or holding cells or rooms that are specially designed without protrusions for purposes of suicide prevention.

Fixed side-wall grab bars shall include a horizontal bar complying with Section 604.5.1.1 and a vertical grab bar complying with Section 604.5.1.2. The vertical grab bar at water closets primarily for children's use shall comply with Section 609.4.2.

Note: For children's dimensions see Fig. 609.4.2

FIGURE 604.5.1

SIDE-WALL GRAB BAR FOR WATER CLOSET

A horizontal grab bar 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum in length shall be located 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the rear wall and extend 54 inches (1370 mm) minimum from the rear wall.
A vertical grab bar 18 inches (455 mm) minimum in length shall be mounted with the bottom of the bar located 39 inches (990 mm) minimum and 41 inches (1040 mm) maximum above the floor, and with the center line of the bar located 39 inches (990 mm) minimum and 41 inches (1040 mm) maximum from the rear wall.

The fixed rear-wall grab bar shall

  1. Be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum in length,
  2. Be located 6 inches maximum (150 mm) from the side wall, and
  3. Extend 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum from the side wall.

Exceptions:

  1. The rear grab bar shall be permitted to be 24 inches (610 mm) minimum in length, centered on the water closet, where wall space does not permit a grab bar 36 inches (915 mm) minimum in length due to the location of a recessed fixture adjacent to the water closet.
  2. Where an administrative authority requires flush controls for flush valves to be located in a position that conflicts with the location of the rear grab bar, that grab bar shall be permitted to be split or shifted to the open side of the toilet area.

Note: For children's dimensions see Fig. 609.4.2

FIGURE 604.5.2

REAR-WALL GRAB BAR FOR WATER CLOSET

Flush controls shall be hand operated or automatic. Hand operated flush controls shall comply with Section 309. Flush controls shall be located on the open side of the water closet.

Exception: In ambulatory accessible toilet compartments complying with Section 604.10, flush controls shall be permitted to be located on either side of the water closet.

Toilet paper dispensers shall comply with Sections 309.4 and 609.3. Dispensers shall not be of a type that control delivery or do not allow continuous paper flow.

Where the dispenser is located above the grab bar, the outlet of the dispenser shall be located within an area 24 inches (610 mm) minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum from the rear wall. Where the dispenser is located below the grab bar, the outlet of the dispenser shall be located 18 inches (455 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the floor.

Exception: Toilet paper dispensers that accommodate a maximum of 2 toilet paper rolls of not more than 5-inch (125 mm) diameter each shall be permitted to be located 7 inches (180 mm) minimum and 9 inches (230 mm) maximum in front the of the water closet measured to the centerline of the dispenser. The outlet of the dispenser shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the floor.

FIGURE 604.7.1(A)

DISPENSER OUTLET LOCATION - PROTRUDING DISPENSER BELOW GRAB BAR

FIGURE 604.7.1(B)

DISPENSER OUTLET LOCATION PROTRUDING DISPENSER ABOVE GRAB BAR

Note: For children's dimensions see Fig. 604.11.7 dispenser outlet location

FIGURE 604.7.1(C)

DISPENSER OUTLET LOCATION RECESSED DISPENSER

FIGURE 604.7.1(D)

DISPENSER OUTLET LOCATION DISPENSER IN FRONT OF WATER CLOSET - EXCEPTION

Coat hooks provided within toilet compartments shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the floor. Shelves shall be 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the floor.
Wheelchair accessible toilet compartments shall comply with Section 604.9.

Wheelchair accessible toilet compartments shall comply with Section 604.9.2.1, 604.9.2.2 or 604.9.2.3 as applicable.

FIGURE 604.9.2(A)

WHEELCHAIR TOILET COMPARTMENTS WALL HUNG CLOSET, ADULT

FIGURE 604.9.2(B)

WHEELCHAIR TOILET COMPARTMENTS FLOOR MOUNTED WATER CLOSET, ADULT - WALL HUNG AND FLOOR MOUNTED WATER CLOSET, CHILDREN

The minimum area of a wheelchair accessible toilet compartment shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in width measured perpendicular to the side wall, and 56 inches (1420 mm) minimum in depth for wall hung water closets, and 59 inches (1500 mm) minimum in depth for floor mounted water closets measured perpendicular to the rear wall.
The minimum area of a wheelchair accessible toilet compartment primarily for children's use shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in width measured perpendicular to the side wall, and 59 inches (1500 mm) minimum in depth for wall hung and floor mounted water closets measured perpendicular to the rear wall.

Where an alternate wheelchair accessible toilet compartment is provided, the minimum area of the compartment shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in width, measured perpendicular to the side wall, and 84 inches (2135 mm) minimum in depth, measured perpendicular to the rear wall.

FIGURE 604.9.2.3

WHEELCHAIR TOILET COMPARTMENTS ALTERNATE WHEELCHAIR TOILET COMPARTMENT

Wheelchair accessible toilet compartment doors, including door hardware, shall comply with Section 404. The door shall be self-closing. A door pull complying with Section 404.2.6 shall be placed on both sides of the door near the latch. Wheelchair accessible toilet compartment doors shall not swing into the required minimum area of the compartment.

Exceptions:

  1. Outside of the compartment, where the approach is to the latch side of the wheelchair accessible toilet compartment, door clearance between the door side of the compartment and any obstruction shall be 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum.
  2. Within the wheelchair accessible toilet compartment, maneuvering clearances at the door shall not be required to comply with Section 404.
  3. In an alternate wheelchair accessible toilet compartment, the door shall be permitted to swing into the stall where a clear floor space complying with Section 305.3 is provided within the stall beyond the arc of the door swing.

* Toliet compartment size per Sections 604.9.2.1 and 604.9.2.2

FIGURE 604.9.3(A)

WHEELCHAIR TOILET COMPARTMENT DOORS DOOR SWINGING INTO THE WHEELCHAIR TOILET COMPARTMENT

* Toliet compartment size per Section 604.9.2.3

FIGURE 604.9.3(B)

WHEELCHAIR TOILET COMPARTMENT DOORS EXCEPTION 3 - ALTERNATE WHEELCHAIR COMPARTMENT

The farthest edge of the wheelchair accessible toilet compartment door opening shall be located in the front wall or partition or in the side wall or partition as required by Table 604.9.3.1.

FIGURE 604.9.3.1(A)

WHEELCHAIR TOILET COMPARTMENT DOOR OPENING LOCATION - DOOR SWINGING IN ON FRONT WALL OF PARTITION

FIGURE 604.9.3.1(B)

WHEELCHAIR TOILET COMPARTMENT DOOR OPENING LOCATION DOOR SWINGING IN ON SIDE WALL OF PARTITIONS

TABLE 604.9.3.1—DOOR OPENING LOCATION
Door Opening Location Measured From Dimension
Front Wall or Partition From the side wall or partition closest to the water closet 56 inches (1420 mm) minimum
or
From the side wall or partition farthest from the water closet 4 inches (100 mm) maximum
Side Wall or Partition Wall-Hung Water Closet From the rear wall 52 inches (1320 mm) minimum
or
From the front wall or partition 4 inches (100 mm) maximum
Side Wall or Partition Floor-Mounted Water Closet From the rear wall 55 inches (1395 mm) minimum
or
From the front wall or partition 4 inches (100 mm) maximum
Wheelchair accessible toilet compartments shall be arranged for left-hand or right-hand approach to the water closet.

Toe clearance for wheelchair accessible toilet compartments primarily for children's use shall comply with Section 604.9.5.2. Toe clearance for other wheelchair accessible toilet compartments shall comply with Section 604.9.5.1.

FIGURE 604.9.5(A)

TOE CLEARANCE - ELEVATION

FIGURE 604.9.5(B)

TOE CLEARANCE - PLAN

The front partition and at least one side partition of wheelchair accessible toilet compartments shall provide a toe clearance of 12 inches (305 mm) minimum above the floor and extending 8 inches (205 mm) beyond the compartment side face of the partition, exclusive of partition support members.

Exceptions:

  1. Toe clearance at the front partition is not required in a wheelchair accessible toilet compartment greater than 64 inches (1625 mm) in depth with a wall-hung water closet, or greater than 67 inches (1700 mm) in depth with a floor-mounted water closet.
  2. Toe clearance at the side partition is not required in a wheelchair accessible toilet compartment greater than 68 inches (1725 mm) in width.

The front partition and at least one side partition of wheelchair accessible toilet compartments primarily for children's use shall provide a toe clearance of 12 inches (305 mm) minimum above the floor and extending 8 inches (205 mm) beyond the wheelchair accessible toilet compartment side face of the partition, exclusive of partition support members.

Exceptions:

  1. Toe clearance at the front partition is not required in a wheelchair accessible toilet compartment greater than 67 inches (1700 mm) in depth.
  2. Toe clearance at the side partition is not required in a wheelchair accessible toilet compartment greater than 68 inches (1725 mm) in width.
Grab bars shall comply with Section 609. Side wall grab bars complying with Section 604.5.1 located on the wall closest to the water closet, and a rear wall grab bar complying with Section 604.5.2, shall be provided.

Ambulatory accessible toilet compartments shall comply with Section 604.10.

FIGURE 604.10.1

AMBULATORY COMPARTMENT

The minimum area of an ambulatory accessible toilet compartment shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in depth and a width of 35 inches (890 mm) minimum and 37 inches (940 mm) maximum.

Ambulatory accessible toilet compartment doors, including door hardware, shall comply with Section 404. The door shall be self-closing. A door pull complying with Section 404.2.6 shall be placed on both sides of the door near the latch. Compartment doors shall not swing into the required minimum area of the compartment.

Exceptions:

  1. Outside of the ambulatory accessible toilet compartment, where the approach is to the latch side of the compartment door, clearance between the door side of the compartment and any obstruction shall be 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum.
  2. Within the ambulatory accessible toilet compartment, maneuvering clearances at the door shall not be required to comply with Section 404.
Grab bars shall comply with Section 609. Side wall grab bars complying with Section 604.5.1 shall be provided on both sides of the compartment.
Water closets and wheelchair and ambulatory accessible toilet compartments primarily for children's use shall comply with Section 604.11.

The water closet shall be located with a wall or partition to the rear and to one side. The centerline of the water closet shall be 12 inches (305 mm) minimum and 18 inches (455 mm) maximum from the side wall or partition. Water closets located in ambulatory accessible toilet compartments specified in Section 604.10 shall be located as specified in Section 604.2.

FIGURE 604.11.2

CHILDREN'S WATER CLOSET LOCATION

A clearance around the water closet complying with Section 604.3 shall be provided.

The height of water closet seats shall be 11 inches (280 mm) minimum and 17 inches (430 mm) maximum above the floor, measured to the top of the seat. Seats shall not be sprung to return to a lifted position.

Note: For adult dimensions see Fig. 604.4

FIGURE 604.11.4

CHILDREN'S WATER CLOSET HEIGHT

Grab bars for water closets shall comply with Section 604.5.

Flush controls shall be hand operated or automatic. Hand operated flush controls shall comply with Sections 309.2 and 309.4 and shall be installed 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the floor. Flush controls shall be located on the open side of the water closet.

Exception: In ambulatory accessible toilet compartments complying with Section 604.10, flush controls shall be permitted to be located on either side of the water closet.

Toilet paper dispensers shall comply with Section 309.4. Dispensers shall not be of a type that control delivery or do not allow continuous paper flow.

Note: For adult dimensions see Fig. 604.7

FIGURE 604.11.7(A)

CHILDREN'S DISPENSER OUTLET - LOCATION

FIGURE 604.11.7(B)

CHILDREN'S DISPENSER OUTLET - EXCEPTION

The outlet of toilet paper dispensers shall be located within an area 24 inches (610 mm) minimum and 42 inches (1065 mm) maximum from the rear wall. The outlet of the dispenser shall be 14 inches (355 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the floor.

Exception: Toilet paper dispensers that accommodate a maximum of 2 toilet paper rolls of not more than 5-inch diameter each shall be permitted to be located 7 inches minimum and 9 inches maximum in front of the of the water closet measured to the centerline of the dispenser. The outlet of the dispenser shall be 14 inches (355 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the floor.

Wheelchair and ambulatory accessible toilet compartments shall comply with Sections 604.9 and 604.10, as applicable.
Urinals shall comply with Section 605.

Urinals shall be of the stall type or shall be of the wall hung type with the rim at 17 inches (430 mm) maximum above the floor. Urinals shall be 131/2 inches (345 mm) minimum in depth measured from the outer face of the urinal rim to the finished wall surface.

FIGURE 605.2(A)

HEIGHT AND DEPTH OF URINAL WALL HUNG TYPE

FIGURE 605.2(B)

HEIGHT AND DEPTH OF URINAL STALL TYPE

A clear floor space positioned for forward approach shall be provided.
Flush controls shall be hand operated or automatic. Hand operated flush controls shall comply with Section 309.
Lavatories and sinks shall comply with Section 606.

A clear floor space complying with Section 305.3, positioned for forward approach, shall be provided. Knee and toe clearance complying with Section 306 shall be provided. The dip of the overflow shall not be considered in determining knee and toe clearances.

Exceptions:

  1. A clear floor space providing a parallel approach shall be permitted at a kitchen sink in a space where a cook top or conventional range is not provided.
  2. The requirement for knee and toe clearance shall not apply to a lavatory in a toilet or bathing facility for a single occupant, accessed only through a private office and not for common use or public use.
  3. A knee clearance of 24 inches (610 mm) minimum above the floor shall be permitted at lavatories and sinks used primarily by children ages 6 through 12 where the higher of the rim or counter surface is 31 inches (785 mm) maximum above the floor.
  4. A clear floor space providing a parallel approach shall be permitted at lavatories and sinks used primarily by children ages 5 and younger.
  5. The requirement for knee and toe clearance shall not apply to more than one bowl of a multibowl sink.
  6. A clear floor space providing a parallel approach shall be permitted at wet bars.

The front of lavatories and sinks shall be 34 inches (865 mm) maximum above the floor, measured to the higher of the rim or counter surface.

Exception: A lavatory in a toilet or bathing facility for a single occupant, accessed only through a private office and not for common use or public use, shall not be required to comply with Section 606.3.

FIGURE 606.3

HEIGHT OF LAVATORIES AND SINKS

Faucets shall comply with Section 309. Hand-operated metering faucets shall remain open for 10 seconds minimum.

Exception: Automatic faucets shall not be required to comply with Section 309 provided that the reach depth to activate the faucets and the reach depth to the water flow is 11 inches (280 mm) maximum.

Where enhanced reach range is required at lavatories, faucets and soap dispenser controls shall have a reach depth of 11 inches (280 mm) maximum. Water and soap outlets shall be provided with a reach depth of 11 inches (280 mm) maximum. The lavatory shall be 34 inches (865 mm) maximum above the floor, measured to the higher of the rim or counter surface.

Exceptions:

  1. Enhanced reach range faucets shall not be required on lavatories provided with automatic faucets where the reach depth to activate the faucets and the reach depth to the water outlet is 11 inches (280 mm) maximum.
  2. Enhanced reach range soap dispensers shall not be required on lavatories provided with automatic dispensers where the reach depth to activate the soap dispensers and the reach depth to the soap outlet is 11 inches (280 mm) maximum.
Water supply and drainpipes under lavatories and sinks shall be insulated or otherwise configured to protect against contact. There shall be no sharp or abrasive surfaces under lavatories and sinks.
Bathtubs shall comply with Section 607.

A clearance in front of bathtubs extending the length of the bathtub and 30 inches (760 mm) minimum in depth shall be provided. Where a permanent seat is provided at the head end of the bathtub, the clearance shall extend 12 inches (305 mm) minimum beyond the wall at the head end of the bathtub.

FIGURE 607.2(A)

CLEARANCE FOR BATHTUBS WITH REMOVABLE IN TUB SEATS

FIGURE 607.2(B)

CLEARANCE FOR BATHTUBS WITH SEAT AT HEAD END OF TUB

A permanent seat at the head end of the bathtub or a removable in-tub seat shall be provided. Seats shall comply with Section 610.

Grab bars shall comply with Section 609 and shall be provided in accordance with Section 607.4.1 or 607.4.2.

Exception: Grab bars shall not be required to be installed in a bathing facility for a single occupant accessed only through a private office and not for common use or public use, provided reinforcement has been installed in walls and located so as to permit the installation of grab bars complying with Section 607.4.

For bathtubs with permanent seats, grab bars complying with Section 607.4.1 shall be provided.

FIGURE 607.4.1(A)

GRAB BARS FOR BATHTUBS WITH SEAT AT HEAD END OF TUB - ELEVATION

FIGURE 607.4.1(B)

GRAB BARS FOR BATHTUBS WITH SEAT AT HEAD END OF TUB - PLAN

Two horizontal grab bars shall be provided on the back wall, one complying with Section 609.4 and the other located 8 inches (205 mm) minimum and 10 inches (255 mm) maximum above the rim of the bathtub. Each grab bar shall be located 15 inches (380 mm) maximum from the head end wall and extend to 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the control end wall.

Control end wall grab bars shall comply with Section 607.4.1.2.

Exception: An L-shaped continuous grab bar of equivalent dimensions and positioning shall be permitted to serve the function of separate vertical and horizontal grab bars.

A horizontal grab bar 24 inches (610 mm) minimum in length shall be provided on the control end wall beginning near the front edge of the bathtub and extending toward the inside corner of the bathtub.
A vertical grab bar 18 inches (455 mm) minimum in length shall be provided on the control end wall 3 inches (75 mm) minimum and 6 inches (150 mm) maximum above the horizontal grab bar, and 4 inches (100 mm) maximum inward from the front edge of the bathtub.

For bathtubs with removable seats, grab bars complying with Section 607.4.2 shall be provided.

FIGURE 607.4.2(A)

GRAB BARS FOR BATHTUBS WITH REMOVABLE SEATS - ELEVATION

FIGURE 607.4.2(B)

GRAB BARS FOR BATHTUBS WITH REMOVABLE SEATS - PLAN

Two horizontal grab bars shall be provided on the back wall, one complying with Section 609.4 and the other located 8 inches (205 mm) minimum and 10 inches (255 mm) maximum above the rim of the bathtub. Each grab bar shall be 24 inches (610 mm) minimum in length, located 24 inches (610 mm) maximum from the head end wall and extend to 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the control end wall.
Control end wall grab bars shall comply with Section 607.4.1.2.
A horizontal grab bar 12 inches (305 mm) minimum in length shall be provided on the head end wall at the front edge of the bathtub.

Controls, other than drain stoppers, shall be provided on an end wall, located between the bathtub rim and grab bar, and between the open side of the bathtub and the centerline of the width of the bathtub. Controls shall comply with Section 309.4.

FIGURE 607.5

LOCATION OF BATHTUB CONTROLS

A hand shower with a hose 59 inches (1500 mm) minimum in length, that can be used as both a fixed shower head and as a hand shower, shall be provided. The hand shower shall have a control with a nonpositive shut-off feature. Where provided, an adjustable-height hand shower mounted on a vertical bar shall be installed so as to not obstruct the use of grab bars.
Enclosures for bathtubs shall not obstruct controls, faucets, shower and spray units or obstruct transfer from wheelchairs onto bathtub seats or into bathtubs. Enclosures on bathtubs shall not have tracks installed on the rim of the bathtub.
Bathtubs shall deliver water that is 120°F (49°C) maximum.
Shower compartments shall comply with Section 608.
Shower compartments shall have sizes, clearances and seats complying with Section 608.2.
Transfer-type shower compartments shall comply with Section 608.2.1.

Transfer-type shower compartments shall have a clear inside dimension of 36 inches (915 mm) in width and 36 inches (915 mm) in depth, measured at the center point of opposing sides. An entry 36 inches (915 mm) minimum in width shall be provided.

Note: inside finished dimensions measured at the center points of opposing sides

FIGURE 608.2.1.1

TRANSFER-TYPE SHOWER COMPARTMENT SIZE

FIGURE 608.2.1.2(A)

TRANSFER-TYPE SHOWER COMPARTMENT CLEARANCES NEW BUILDINGS - OPTION 1

FIGURE 608.2.1.2(B)

TRANSFER-TYPE SHOWER COMPARTMENT CLEARANCES NEW BUILDINGS - OPTION 2

FIGURE 608.2.1.2(C)

TRANSFER-TYPE SHOWER COMPARTMENT CLEARANCES EXISTING BUILDINGS

In new buildings and facilities, a clearance of 52 inches (1320 mm) minimum in length and 36 inches (915 mm) minimum in depth shall be provided adjacent to the open face of the compartment. The length of the clear floor space shall be measured perpendicular from either the control wall or from 4 inches (100 mm) behind the control wall.
In existing buildings and facilities, a clearance of 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum in length measured perpendicular from the control wall, and 36 inches (915 mm) minimum in depth shall be provided adjacent to the open face of the compartment.

A folding or non-folding seat complying with Section 610 shall be provided on the wall opposite the control wall.

Exception: A seat is not required to be installed in a shower for a single occupant, accessed only through a private office and not for common use or public use, provided reinforcement has been installed in walls and located so as to permit the installation of a shower seat.

Standard roll-in-type shower compartments shall comply with Section 608.2.2.

Standard roll-in-type shower compartments shall have a clear inside dimension of 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in width and 30 inches (760 mm) minimum in depth, measured at the center point of opposing sides. An entry 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in width shall be provided.

Note: inside finished dimensions measured at the center points of opposing sides

FIGURE 608.2.2.1

STANDARD ROLL-IN-TYPE SHOWER COMPARTMENT SIZE

A clearance of 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in length adjacent to the 60-inch (1525 mm) width of the open face of the shower compartment, and 30 inches (760 mm) minimum in depth, shall be provided.

Exception: A lavatory complying with Section 606 shall be permitted at the end of the clearance opposite the seat.

Note: inside finished dimensions measured at the center points of opposing sides

FIGURE 608.2.2.2

STANDARD ROLL-IN-TYPE SHOWER COMPARTMENT CLEARANCE

A folding seat complying with Section 610 shall be provided on an end wall.

Exceptions:

  1. A seat is not required to be installed in a shower for a single occupant accessed only through a private office and not for common use or public use, provided reinforcement has been installed in walls and located so as to permit the installation of a shower seat.
  2. A fixed seat shall be permitted where the seat does not overlap the minimum clear inside dimension required by Section 608.2.2.1.
Alternate roll-in-type shower compartments shall comply with Section 608.2.3.

Alternate roll-in shower compartments shall have a clear inside dimension of 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in width, and 36 inches (915 mm) in depth, measured at the center point of opposing sides. An entry 36 inches (915) mm) minimum in width shall be provided at one end of the 60-inch (1525 mm) width of the compartment. A seat wall, 24 inches (610 mm) minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum in length, shall be provided on the entry side of the compartment.

Note: inside finished dimensions measured at the center points of opposing sides

FIGURE 608.2.3.1

ALTERNATE ROLL-IN-TYPE SHOWER COMPARTMENT SIZE

A folding seat complying with Section 610 shall be provided on the seat wall opposite the back wall.

Exception: A seat is not required to be installed in a shower for a single occupant, accessed only through a private office and not for common use or public use, provided reinforcement has been installed in walls and located so as to permit the installation of a shower seat.

Grab bars shall comply with Section 609 and shall be provided in accordance with Section 608.3. Where multiple grab bars are used, required horizontal grab bars shall be installed at the same height above the floor.

Exception: Grab bars shall not be required to be installed in a shower for a single occupant, accessed only through a private office and not for common use or public use, provided reinforcement has been installed in walls and located so as to permit the installation of grab bars complying with Section 608.3.

Grab bars for transfer type showers shall comply with Section 608.3.1.

FIGURE 608.3.1(A)

GRAB BARS IN TRANSFER-TYPE SHOWER - ELEVATION

FIGURE 608.3.1(B)

GRAB BARS IN TRANSFER-TYPE SHOWER - PLAN

Horizontal grab bars shall be provided across the control wall and on the back wall to a point 18 inches (455 mm) from the control wall.
A vertical grab bar 18 inches (455 mm) minimum in length shall be provided on the control end wall 3 inches (75 mm) minimum and 6 inches (150 mm) maximum above the horizontal grab bar, and 4 inches (100 mm) maximum inward from the front edge of the shower.

Grab bars in standard roll-in showers shall comply with Sections 608.3.2.1 through 608.3.2.3.

FIGURE 608.3.2(A)

GRAB BARS IN STANDARD ROLL-IN-TYPE SHOWER ELEVATION

FIGURE 608.3.2(B)

GRAB BARS IN STANDARD ROLL-IN-TYPE SHOWER PLAN

In standard roll-in type showers, a grab bar shall be provided on the back wall beginning at the edge of the seat. The grab bars shall not be provided above the seat. The back-wall grab bar shall extend the length of the wall and extend within 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from the adjacent side wall opposite the seat.

Exceptions:

  1. The back wall grab bar shall not be required to exceed 48 inches (1220 mm) in length.
  2. The back-wall grab bar is not required to extend within 6 inches (150 mm) of the adjacent side wall opposite the seat if it would require the grab bar length to exceed 48 inches (1220 mm) in length.

Where a side wall is provided opposite the seat within 72 inches (1830 mm) of the seat wall, a grab bar shall be provided on the side-wall opposite the seat. The side wall grab bar shall extend the length of the wall and extend within 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from the adjacent back wall.

Exception: The side-wall grab bar shall not be required to exceed 30 inches (760 mm) in length.

Where a side wall is provided opposite the seat within 72 inches (1830 mm) of the seat wall a vertical grab bar shall be provided. A vertical grab bar 18 inches (455 mm) minimum in length shall be provided on the end wall 3 inches (75 mm) minimum and 6 inches (150 mm) maximum above the horizontal grab bar, and 4 inches (100 mm) maximum inward from the front edge of the shower.

In alternate roll-in type showers, grab bars shall be provided on the back wall and the side wall adjacent to the seat. Grab bars shall not be provided above the seat. Grab bars shall be 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from the adjacent wall.

FIGURE 608.3.3(A)

GRAB BARS IN ALTERNATE ROLL-IN-TYPE SHOWER - ELEVATION

FIGURE 608.3.3(B)

GRAB BARS IN ALTERNATE ROLL-IN-TYPE SHOWER - PLAN

Controls and hand showers shall comply with Sections 608.4 and 309.4.

In transfer-type showers, the controls and hand shower shall be located:

  1. On the control wall opposite the seat.
  2. At a height of 38 inches (965 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the shower floor, and
  3. 15 inches (380 mm) maximum, from the centerline of the control wall toward the shower opening.

FIGURE 608.4.1

TRANSFER-TYPE SHOWER CONTROLS AND HAND SHOWER LOCATION

In standard roll-in showers, the controls and hand shower shall be located above the seat. Controls and hand showers shall be located according to the following:

  1. On the back wall,
  2. At a height of 38 inches (965 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the shower floor and
  3. 16 inches (405 mm) minimum and 27 inches (685 mm) maximum from the wall behind the seat.

FIGURE 608.4.2

STANDARD ROLL-IN-TYPE SHOWER CONTROLS AND HAND SHOWER LOCATION

In alternate roll-in showers, the controls and hand shower shall be located

  1. At a height of 38 inches (965 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the shower floor, and
  2. Where the controls and hand shower are located on the end wall adjacent to the seat, the controls and hand shower shall be 16 inches (405 mm) minimum and 27 inches (685 mm) maximum from the wall behind the seat wall, or
  3. Where the controls and hand shower are located on the back wall opposite the seat, the controls and hand shower shall be located within 15 inches (380 mm) maximum from the centerline of the seat toward the transfer space.

FIGURE 608.4.3(A)

ALTERNATE ROLL-IN-TYPE SHOWER CONTROLS AND HAND SHOWER LOCATION - END WALL - ELEVATION

FIGURE 608.4.3(B)

ALTERNATE ROLL-IN-TYPE SHOWER CONTROLS AND HAND SHOWER LOCATION - CONTROL WALL - ELEVATION

A hand shower with a hose 59 inches (1500 mm) minimum in length, that can be used both as a fixed shower head and as a hand shower, shall be provided. The hand shower shall have a control with a nonpositive shut-off feature. Where provided, an adjustable-height hand shower mounted on a vertical bar shall be installed so as to not obstruct the use of grab bars. A means to hold the hand shower wand while in the on or off position shall be located at a height of 38 inches (965 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the shower finish floor.

Exception: In other than Accessible units and Type A units, a fixed shower head located 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the shower floor shall be permitted in lieu of a hand shower.

Thresholds in roll-in-type shower compartments shall be 1/2 inch (13 mm) maximum in height in accordance with Section 303. In transfer-type shower compartments, thresholds 1/2 inch (13 mm) maximum in height shall be beveled, rounded, or vertical.

Exception: In existing facilities, in transfer-type shower compartments where provision of a threshold 1/2 inch (13 mm) in height would disturb the structural reinforcement of the floor slab, a threshold 2 inches (51 mm) maximum in height shall be permitted.

Shower compartment enclosures for shower compartments shall not obstruct controls or obstruct transfer from wheelchairs onto shower seats.
Showers shall deliver water that is 120°F (49°C) maximum.
Grab bars in toilet or bathing facilities shall comply with Section 609.

Grab bars shall have a cross section complying with Section 609.2.1 or 609.2.2.

FIGURE 609.2

SIZE OF GRAB BARS

Grab bars with a circular cross section shall have an outside diameter of 11/4 inch (32 mm) minimum and 2 inches (51 mm) maximum.
Grab bars with a noncircular cross section shall have a cross section dimension of 2 inches (51 mm) maximum, and a perimeter dimension of 4 inches (100 mm) minimum and 4.8 inches (120 mm) maximum.

The space between the wall and the grab bar shall be 11/2 inches (38 mm). The space between the grab bar and projecting objects below and at the ends of the grab bar shall be 11/2 inches (38 mm) minimum. The space between the grab bar and projecting objects above the grab bar shall be 12 inches (305 mm) minimum.

Exceptions:

  1. The space between the grab bars and shower controls, shower fittings, and other grab bars above the grab bar shall be permitted to be 11/2 inches (38 mm) minimum.
  2. Recessed dispensers projecting from the wall 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) maximum measured from the face of the dispenser and complying with Section 604.7 shall be permitted within the 12-inch (305 mm) space above and the 11/2-inch (38 mm) spaces below and at the ends of the grab bar.

FIGURE 609.3

SPACING OF GRAB BARS

Grab bars shall be installed in a horizontal position, 33 inches (840 mm) minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the floor measured to the top of the gripping surface or shall be installed as required by Items 1 through 3.

  1. The lower grab bar on the back wall of a bathtub shall comply with Section 607.4.1.1 or 607.4.2.1.
  2. Vertical grab bars shall comply with Sections 604.5.1.2, 607.4.1.2.2, 607.4.2.2 and 608.3.1.2.
  3. Grab bars at water closets primarily for children's use shall comply with Section 609.4.2.

At water closets primarily for children's use complying with Section 604.11, grab bars shall be installed in a horizontal position 18 inches (455 mm) minimum and 27 inches (685 mm) maximum above the floor measured to the top of the gripping surface. A vertical grab bar shall be mounted with the bottom of the bar located between 21 inches (535 mm) minimum and 30 inches (760 mm) maximum above the floor and with the centerline of the bar located between 34 inches (865 mm) minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum from the rear wall.

Note: For adult dimensions see Fig. 604.5.1

FIGURE 609.4.2(A)

POSITIONS OF CHILDREN'S GRAB BARS SIDE-WALL VIEW

Note: For adult dimensions see Fig. 604.5.2

FIGURE 609.4.2(B)

POSITIONS OF CHILDREN'S GRAB BARS REAR-WALL VIEW

Grab bars and any wall or other surfaces adjacent to grab bars shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements. Edges shall be rounded.
Grab bars shall not rotate within their fittings.
Grab bars shall be installed in any manner that provides a gripping surface at the locations specified in this standard and does not obstruct the clear floor space. Horizontal and vertical grab bars shall be permitted to be separate bars, a single piece bar, or combination thereof.
Allowable stresses shall not be exceeded for materials used where a vertical or horizontal force of 250 pounds (1112 N) is applied at any point on the grab bar, fastener mounting device, or supporting structure.
Seats in bathtubs and shower compartments shall comply with Section 610.

The height of bathtub seats shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the bathroom floor, measured to the top of the seat. Removable in-tub seats shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 16 inches (405 mm) maximum in depth. Removable in-tub seats shall be capable of secure placement. Permanent seats shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum in depth and shall extend from the back wall to or beyond the outer edge of the bathtub. Permanent seats shall be positioned at the head end of the bathtub.

FIGURE 610.2(A)

BATHTUB SEATS REMOVABLE IN-TUB SEATS

FIGURE 610.2(B)

BATHTUB SEATS SEAT PROVIDED AT HEAD END OF TUB

The height of shower compartment seats shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the bathroom floor, measured to the top of the seat. In transfer-type and alternate roll-in-type showers, the seat shall extend along the seat wall to a point within 3 inches (75 mm) of the compartment entry. In standard roll-in-type showers, the seat shall extend from the control wall to a point within 3 inches (75 mm) of the compartment entry. Seats shall comply with Section 610.3.1 or 610.3.2.

The rear edge of a rectangular seat shall be 21/2 inches (64 mm) maximum and the front edge 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 16 inches (405 mm) maximum from the seat wall. The side edge of the seat shall be 11/2 inches (38 mm) maximum from the back wall of a transfer-type shower and 11/2 inches (38 mm) maximum from the control wall of a roll-in-type shower.

FIGURE 610.3.1

RECTANGULAR SHOWER COMPARTMENT SEATS

The rear edge of an L-shaped seat shall be 21/2 inches (64 mm) maximum and the front edge 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 16 inches (405 mm) maximum from the seat wall. The rear edge of the "L" portion of the seat shall be 11/2 inches (38 mm) maximum from the wall and the front edge shall be 14 inches (355 mm) minimum and 15 inches (380 mm) maximum from the wall. The end of the "L" shall be 22 inches (560 mm) minimum and 23 inches (585 mm) maximum from the main seat wall.

FIGURE 610.3.2

L-SHAPED SHOWER COMPARTMENT SEATS

Allowable stresses shall not be exceeded for materials used where a vertical or horizontal force of 250 pounds (1112 N) is applied at any point on the seat, fastener mounting device, or supporting structure.
Washing machines and clothes dryers shall comply with Section 611.

A clear floor space positioned for parallel approach shall be provided. For top loading machines, the clear floor space shall be centered on the appliance. For front loading machines, the centerline of the clear floor space shall be offset 24 inches (610 mm) maximum from the centerline of the door opening.

FIGURE 611.2(A)

CLEAR FLOOR SPACE - TOP LOADING

FIGURE 611.2(B)

CLEAR FLOOR SPACE - FRONT LOADING

Operable parts, including doors, lint screens, detergent and bleach compartments, shall comply with Sections 308 and 309.

Exception: The height of the obstruction in Section 308.3.2 shall be permitted to be 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the floor.

Top loading machines shall have the door to the laundry compartment 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the floor. Front loading machines shall have the bottom of the opening to the laundry compartment 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the floor.

FIGURE 611.4(A)

HEIGHT OF LAUNDRY EQUIPMENT - TOP LOADING

FIGURE 611.4(B)

HEIGHT OF LAUNDRY EQUIPMENT - FRONT LOADING

Saunas and steam rooms shall comply with Section 612.

Where seating is provided in saunas and steam rooms, at least one bench shall comply with Section 903. Doors shall not swing into the clear floor space required by Section 903.2.

Exception: Where the room is for individual use and a clear floor space complying with Section 305.3 is provided within the room beyond the arc of the door swing, the door shall not be required to comply with this section.

A turning space shall be provided within saunas and steam rooms.
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