ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Building Code 2018 (IBC 2018)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Chapter 32 Encroachments Into the Public Right-Of-Way

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
CALIFORNIA BUILDING CODE — MATRIX ADOPTION TABLE
CHAPTER 32 — ENCROACHMENTS INTO THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY

(Matrix Adoption Tables are nonregulatory, intended only as an aid to the code user. See Chapter 1 for state agency authority and building applications.)
Adopting agency BSC BSC-
CG
SFM HCD DSA OSHPD BSCC DPH AGR DWR CEC CA SL SLC
1 2 1/AC AC SS SS/CC 1 1R 2 3 4 5
Adopt entire chapter X X X X X X X X X
Adopt entire chapter as
amended (amended
sections listed below)
Adopt only those sections
that are listed below
Chapter / Section
The state agency does not adopt sections identified with the following symbol:
The Office of the State Fire Marshal's adoption of this chapter or individual sections is applicable to structures regulated by other state agencies pursuant to Section 1.11.



User note:
About this chapter: From time to time it is necessary or appropriate for a portion of a building to encroach onto an adjoining public right-of-way. Chapter 32 establishes parameters for such encroachments not only at grade but also above and below grade.


The provisions of this chapter shall govern the encroachment of structures into the public right-of-way.
The projection of any structure or portion thereof shall be the distance measured horizontally from the lot line to the outermost point of the projection.
The provisions of this chapter shall not be construed to permit the violation of other laws or ordinances regulating the use and occupancy of public property.

3201.4 Drainage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Drainage water collected from a roof, awning, canopy or marquee, and condensate from mechanical equipment shall be conducted to the building drain or building sewer, and shall not flow over a public walking surface.

Encroachments below grade shall comply with Sections 3202.1.1 through 3202.1.3.
A part of a building erected below grade that is necessary for structural support of the building or structure shall not project beyond the lot lines, except that the footings of street walls or their supports that are located not less than 8 feet (2438 mm) below grade shall not project more than 12 inches (305 mm) beyond the street lot line.
The construction and utilization of vaults and other enclosed spaces below grade shall be subject to the terms and conditions of the applicable governing authority.
Areaways shall be protected by grates, guards or other approved means.
Encroachments into the public right-of-way above grade and below 8 feet (2438 mm) in height shall be prohibited except as provided for in Sections 3202.2.1 through 3202.2.3. Doors and windows shall not open or project into the public right-of-way.
Steps shall not project more than 12 inches (305 mm) and shall be guarded by approved devices not less than 3 feet (914 mm) in height, or shall be located between columns or pilasters.
Columns or pilasters, including bases and moldings, shall not project more than 12 inches (305 mm). Belt courses, lintels, sills, architraves, pediments and similar architectural features shall not project more than 4 inches (102 mm).
The vertical clearance from the public right-of-way to the lowest part of any awning, including valances, shall be not less than 7 feet (2134 mm).
Encroachments 8 feet (2438 mm) or more above grade shall comply with Sections 3202.3.1 through 3202.3.4.

3202.3.1 Awnings, Canopies, Marquees and Signs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Awnings, canopies, marquees and signs shall be constructed so as to support applicable loads as specified in Chapter 16. Canopies shall be allowed only over entrance doorways and only for Occupancy Groups A, B, F-1, M, S-1, S-2 and R. Canopies may be constructed as awnings and with the same limitations except that:
  1. The maximum width shall be 10 feet (3.048 m); and
  2. The maximum extension over public sidewalk may be to a point 2 feet (0.61 m) from the curb; and
  3. The outer column support shall be located in the outer one-third of the sidewalk.

3202.3.2 Windows, Balconies, Architectural Features and Mechanical Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A 3-foot (0.914 m) projection shall be permitted for bay and oriel windows when the clearance above grade is at least 10 feet (3.048 m) and the width of the sidewalk is greater than 9 feet (2.74 m). Where the sidewalk width is 9 feet (2.74 m) or less, the projection shall not exceed 2 feet (0.61 m).

For all other appendages, a 2-foot (0.61 m) projection is permitted when the clearance above grade is at least 10 feet (3.048 m). The projection may be increased 1 inch (25.4 mm) for each additional foot of clearance over 10 feet (3.048 m), to a maximum of 4 feet (1.219 m).
Encroachments 15 feet (4572 mm) or more above grade shall not be limited.

3202.3.4 Pedestrian Walkways

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The installation of a pedestrian walkway over a public right-of-way shall be subject to the approval of the applicable governing authority. The vertical clearance from the public right-of-way to the lowest part of a pedestrian walkway shall be not less than 15 feet (4572 mm).

A covered pedestrian walkway may be constructed over a street between buildings of only Types I-A and I-B construction. Permission from the Board of Supervisors and approval of the Department of Public Works and Planning Commission is required. The pedestrian walk-way shall comply with the following conditions:
  1. The pedestrian walkway shall be equipped with an automatic sprinkler system. The supporting structure shall be three-hour fire-resistive construction. Columns located within 8 feet (2.438 m) of the curb, or otherwise vulnerable to vehicle impact, shall either be designed for such impact or protected from the impact.
  2. The openings in the exterior walls of the buildings at the ends of the pedestrian walkway shall be protected by 11/2 hour fire assemblies.
Where allowed by the applicable governing authority, vestibules and storm enclosures shall not be erected for a period of time exceeding 7 months in any 1 year and shall not encroach more than 3 feet (914 mm) nor more than one-fourth of the width of the sidewalk beyond the street lot line. Temporary entrance awnings shall be erected with a clearance of not less than 7 feet (2134 mm) to the lowest portion of the hood or awning where supported on removable steel or other approved noncombustible support.

Section 3203 Sidewalk Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

3203.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Sidewalks shall be constructed in accordance with the Public Works Code.

Sidewalks over excavated areas shall be supported on noncombustible construction with 3-hour fire-rated protection. The sidewalk shall be waterproofed by use of a hot mopped asphalt membrane or other approved means.

3203.2 Openings in Sidewalks

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

3203.2.1 Sidewalk Trapdoor

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every basement extending under the sidewalk shall have an approved sidewalk trapdoor. The minimum size of the trapdoor opening shall be 4 feet by 4 feet (1.219 m by 1.219 m). However, trapdoors shall not be required where the basement is provided with an automatic sprinkler system.

3203.2.2 Sidewalk Elevators

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All openings hereafter constructed in sidewalks for sidewalk elevators shall be located in the outer half of the sidewalks, next to the curb. The outer edges of the openings shall be not more than 30 inches (762 mm) from the outer line of the curb. The length of the sides of the openings at right angles to the curb shall not exceed one-half of the width of the sidewalk and in no case shall it exceed 5 feet (1.524 m).

3203.2.3 Any Other Purpose

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Openings on the sidewalks for any other purpose, if placed outside the property line, shall be covered with approved gratings having a maximum opening between bars of 1/2 inch (12.7 mm), or with covers having a rough surface, and rabbeted flush with the sidewalk. When a cover is placed in any sidewalk, it shall be placed as near as practicable to the line of the curb. All spaces under sidewalks shall be thoroughly ventilated.

3203.2.4 Framing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All framing supporting only the sidewalk opening shall be of noncombustible material.

3203.2.5 Guards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Metal guards will be required for openings in sidewalks in accordance with the Police Code.

3203.3 Electrical Transformers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No portion of any electrical transformer pad shall be constructed, nor electrical transformer installed on the surface of any portion of any public sidewalk.
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