ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

NFPA 101, 2018

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
The documents or portions thereof listed in this annex are referenced within the informational sections of this code and are not part of the requirements of this document unless also listed in Chapter 2 for other reasons.
National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169-7471.

NFPA 1, Fire Code, 2018 edition.

NFPA 3, Recommended Practice for Commissioning of Fire Protection and Life Safety Systems, 2018 edition.

NFPA 10, Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers, 2018 edition.

NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, 2016 edition.

NFPA 13D, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Manufactured Homes, 2016 edition.

NFPA 13R, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Low-Rise Residential Occupancies, 2016 edition.

NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems, 2016 edition.

NFPA 22, Standard for Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection, 2013 edition.

NFPA 25, Standard for the Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems, 2017 edition.

NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, 2018 edition.

NFPA 30A, Code for Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages, 2018 edition.

NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code, 2017 edition.

NFPA 61, Standard for the Prevention of Fires and Dust Explosions in Agricultural and Food Processing Facilities, 2017 edition.

NFPA 68, Standard on Explosion Protection by Deflagration Venting, 2013 edition.

NFPA 70®, National Electrical Code®, 2017 edition.

NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, 2016 edition.

NFPA 80, Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives, 2016 edition.

NFPA 88A, Standard for Parking Structures, 2015 edition.

NFPA 90A, Standard for the Installation of Air-Conditioning and Ventilating Systems, 2018 edition.

NFPA 92, Standard for Smoke Control Systems, 2015 edition.

NFPA 99, Health Care Facilities Code, 2018 edition.

NFPA 101A, Guide on Alternative Approaches to Life Safety, 2016 edition.

NFPA 105, Standard for Smoke Door Assemblies and Other Opening Protectives, 2016 edition.

NFPA 110, Standard for Emergency and Standby Power Systems, 2016 edition.

NFPA 170, Standard for Fire Safety and Emergency Symbols, 2015 edition.

NFPA 204, Standard for Smoke and Heat Venting, 2015 edition.

NFPA 211, Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances, 2016 edition.

NFPA 220, Standard on Types of Building Construction, 2018 edition.

NFPA 241, Standard for Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations, 2013 edition.

NFPA 252, Standard Methods of Fire Tests of Door Assemblies, 2017 edition.

NFPA 253, Standard Method of Test for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source, 2015 edition.

NFPA 257, Standard on Fire Test for Window and Glass Block Assemblies, 2017 edition.

NFPA 259, Standard Test Method for Potential Heat of Building Materials, 2013 edition.

NFPA 260, Standard Methods of Tests and Classification System for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture, 2013 edition.

NFPA 261, Standard Method of Test for Determining Resistance of Mock-Up Upholstered Furniture Material Assemblies to Ignition by Smoldering Cigarettes, 2013 edition.

NFPA 265, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Evaluating Room Fire Growth Contribution of Textile or Expanded Vinyl Wall Coverings on Full Height Panels and Walls, 2015 edition.

NFPA 269, Standard Test Method for Developing Toxic Potency Data for Use in Fire Hazard Modeling, 2017 edition.

NFPA 275, Standard Method of Fire Tests for the Evaluation of Thermal Barriers, 2017 edition.

NFPA 286, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Evaluating Contribution of Wall and Ceiling Interior Finish to Room Fire Growth, 2015 edition.

NFPA 289, Standard Method of Fire Test for Individual Fuel Packages, 2013 edition.

NFPA 307, Standard for the Construction and Fire Protection of Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves, 2016 edition.

NFPA 409, Standard on Aircraft Hangars, 2016 edition.

NFPA 501A, Standard for Fire Safety Criteria for Manufactured Home Installations, Sites, and Communities, 2017 edition.

NFPA 551, Guide for the Evaluation of Fire Risk Assessments, 2016 edition.

NFPA 601, Standard for Security Services in Fire Loss Prevention, 2015 edition.

NFPA 701, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films, 2015 edition.

NFPA 703, Standard for Fire Retardant-Treated Wood and Fire-Retardant Coatings for Building Materials, 2018 edition.

NFPA 720, Standard for the Installation of Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detection and Warning Equipment, 2018 edition.

NFPA 850, Recommended Practice for Fire Protection for Electric Generating Plants and High Voltage Direct Current Converter Stations, 2015 edition.

NFPA 914, Code for Fire Protection of Historic Structures, 2015 edition.

NFPA 1221, Standard for the Installation, Maintenance, and Use of Emergency Services Communications Systems, 2016 edition.

NFPA 1600®, Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs, 2016 edition.

NFPA 5000®, Building Construction and Safety Code®, 2018 edition.

Fire Protection Handbook, 19th edition, 2003.

Fire Protection Handbook, 20th edition, 2008.

Waksman, D., and J. B. Ferguson. August 2008. Fire Tests of Building Interior Covering Systems. In Fire Technology, 10:211-220.

American Concrete Institute, 38800 Country Club Drive, Farmington Hills, MI 48331-3434. www.concrete.org

ACI 216.1/TMS 0216.1, Code Requirements for Determining Fire Resistance of Concrete and Masonry Construction Assemblies, 2014.

American National Standards Institute, Inc., 25 West 43rd Street, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036. www.ansi.org

ANSI/BHMA A156.10, Power Operated Pedestrian Doors, 2011.

ANSI/BHMA A156.19, Power Assist and Low Energy Power Operated Doors, 2013.

ICC/ANSI A117.1, Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities, 2009.

American Society of Civil Engineers, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Reston, VA 20191-4400. www.asce.org

ASCE/SEI/SFPE 29, Standard Calculation Methods for Structural Fire Protection, 2005.

ASHRAE, 1791 Tullie Circle, NE, Atlanta, GA 30329-2305. www.ashrae.org

ASHRAE HandbookFundamentals, 2013.

Klote, J.H., and Milke, J.A., Principles of Smoke Management, 2002.

ASME International, Two Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990. www.asme.org

ASME A17.1/CSA B44, Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators, 2013.

ASME A17.3, Safety Code for Existing Elevators and Escalators, 2011.

American Society of Safety Engineers, 520 N. Northwest Highway, Park Ridge, IL 60068.

ANSI/ASSE A1264.2, Standard for the Provision of Slip Resistance on Walking/Working Surfaces, 2012.

ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. www.astm.org

ASTM C1629/C1629M, Standard Classification for Abuse-Resistant Nondecorated Interior Gypsum Panel Products and Fiber-Reinforced Cement Panels, 2006 (2011).

ASTM D2859, Standard Test Method for Ignition Characteristics of Finished Textile Floor Covering Materials, 2006 (2011).

ASTM E84, Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials, 2015a.

ASTM E119, Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials, 2014.

ASTM E648, Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source, 2014c.

ASTM E814, Standard Test Method for Fire Tests of Through-Penetration Fire Stops, 2013a.

ASTM E1352, Standard Test Method for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Mock-Up Upholstered Furniture Assemblies, 2008.

ASTM E1353, Standard Test Methods for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture, 2008.

ASTM E1472, Standard Guide for Documenting Computer Software for Fire Models, 2007 (withdrawn 2011).

ASTM E1537, Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture, 2013.

ASTM E1590, Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses, 2013.

ASTM E1966, Standard Test Method for Fire-Resistive Joint Systems, 2007 (2011).

ASTM E2030, Standard Guide for Recommended Uses of Photo-luminescent (Phosphorescent) Safety Markings, 2009a.

ASTM E2174, Standard Practice for On-Site Inspection of Installed Fire Stops, 2010a el.

ASTM E2238, Standard Guide for Evacuation Route Diagrams, 2012.

ASTM E2280, Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of the Effect of Upholstered Seating Furniture Within Patient Rooms of Health Care Facilities, 2013.

ASTM E2307, Standard Test Method for Determining Fire Resistance of Perimeter Fire Barrier Systems Using Intermediate-Scale, Multi-Story Test Apparatus, 2015a.

ASTM E2393, Standard Practice for On-Site Inspection of Installed Fire Resistive Joint Systems and Perimeter Fire Barriers, 2010a.

ASTM E2484, Standard Specification for Multi-Story Building External Evacuation Controlled Descent Devices, 2008.

ASTM E2513, Standard Specification for Multi-Story Building External Evacuation Platform Rescue Systems, 2007.

ASTM E2768, Standard Test Method for Extended Duration Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials, 2011.

ASTM F1637, Standard Practice for Safe Walking Surfaces, 2010.

ASTM F1870, Standard Guide for Selection of Fire Test Methods for the Assessment of Upholstered Furnishings in Detention and Correctional Facilities, 2011.

State of California, Department of Consumer Affairs, Bureau of Home Furnishings and Thermal Insulation, 3485 Orange Grove Avenue, North Highlands, CA 95660-5595.

Technical Bulletin 129, "Flammability Test Procedure for Mattresses for Use in Public Buildings," October 1992.

Technical Bulletin 133, "Flammability Test Procedure for Seating Furniture for Use in Public Occupancies," January 1991.

FM Global, 270 Central Avenue, P.O. Box 7500, Johnston, RI 02919. www.fmglobal.com

FM Approval 4880, Approval Standard for Class 1 Rating of Insulated Wall or Wall and Roof/Ceiling Panels, Interior Finish Materials or Coatings, and Exterior Wall Systems, 2010.

FM Approval 6921, Approval Standard for Containers for Combustible Waste, 2004.

National Electrical Manufacturers Association, 1300 North 17th Street, Suite 900, Arlington, VA 22209.

ANSI/NEMA Z535.1, Standard for Safety Colors, 2006, reaffirmed 2011.

National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-1070. www.nist.gov

NISTIR 5445, Feasibility of Fire Evacuation by Elevators at FAA Control Towers, 1994.

Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America, 1700 N Moore St, Suite 1540, Arlingtron, VA 22209.

ANSI/RESNA ED-1, Emergency Stair Travel Devices Used by Individuals with Disabilities, Volume 1, 2013.

SFPE, 9711 Washington Blvd., Suite 380, Gaithersburg, MD 20878. www.sfpe.org

SFPE Code Official's Guide to Performance-Based Design Review, 2004.

SFPE Engineering GuideEvaluation of the Computer Fire Model DETACT-QS, 2002.

SFPE Engineering Guide to Human Behavior in Fire, 2003.

SFPE Engineering Guide to Performance-Based Fire Protection, 2007.

SFPE Guidelines for Peer Review in the Fire Protection Design Process, 2009.

SFPE Guidelines for Substantiating a Fire Model for a Given Application, 2011.

SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, 5th edition, 2015.

Underwriters Laboratories Inc., 333 Pfingsten Road, Northbrook, IL 60062-2096. www.ul.com

UL Fire Resistance Directory, 2013.

ANSI/UL 217, Single and Multiple Station Smoke Alarms, 2012, revised 2015.

ANSI/UL 263, Standard for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials, 2003, revised 2014.

ANSI/UL 723, Standard for Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials, 2008, revised 2013.

ANSI/UL 1040, Standard for Fire Test of Insulated Wall Construction, 2009, revised 2013.

ANSI/UL 1479, Standard for Fire Tests of Through-Penetration Firestops, 2003, revised 2012.

ANSI/UL 1715, Standard for Fire Test of Interior Finish Material, 1997, revised 2013.

ANSI/UL 1975, Standard for Fire Tests for Foamed Plastics Used for Decorative Purposes, 2006.

ANSI/UL 2079, Standard for Tests for Fire Resistance of Building Joint Systems, 2004, revised 2014.

U.S. Government Publishing Office, 732 North Capitol Street, NW, Washington, DC 20401-0001.

Title 16, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1630, "Standard for the Surface Flammability of Carpets and Rugs" (FF 1-70).

Title 16, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1632, "Standard for the Flammability of Mattresses and Mattress Pads" (FF 4-72).

Title 28, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 36, Appendix A, "Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities."

Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1910, Subparts E and L, "OSHA Regulations for Emergency Procedures and Fire Brigades."

Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1910.146, "Permit-Required Confined Spaces."

Lee, A and Pineda, D. 2010, Smoke Alarms - Pilot Study of Nuisance Alarms Associated with Cooking, Bethesda, MD: US Consumer Product Safety Commission.

Australian Fire Engineering Guidelines. 1996. Sydney, Australia: Fire Code Perform Centre, Ltd.

British Standard Firesafety Engineering in Buildings, DD240: Part 1. 1997. London, England: British Standards Institution.

Gann, R. G., V. Babrauskas, R. D. Peacock, and J. R. Hall. 1994. Fire conditions for smoke toxicity measurement. Fire and Materials 18(193): 193-99.

Kaplan, H. L., and G. E. Hartzell. 1984. Modeling of toxicological effects of fire gases: I. Incapacitation effects of narcotic fire gases. Journal of Fire Sciences 2:286-305.

Hirschler et al., "Carbon monoxide and human lethality: Fire and non-fire studies," Elsevier, 1993.

Olenick, S., and D. Carpenter. 2003. An updated international survey of computer models for fire and smoke. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering 3(2):87-110.

Sveistrup, H., et al, "Evaluation of Optimal Bath Grab Bar Placement for Seniors," University of Ottawa with funding by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, 2003.

Templer, J. A., The Staircase: Studies of Hazards, Falls, and Safer Design, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992.

The following documents or portions thereof are listed here as informational resources only. They are not a part of the requirements of this document.

Endsley, Bolte, and Jones. Designing for Situation Awareness: An approach to user-centered design. 2003. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Taylor and Francis.

Freeman, J. R. 1889. "Experiments relating to hydraulics of fire streams." Paper No. 426, Transactions, American Society of Civil Engineers, XXI:380-83.

Groner, N. E., and M. L. Levin. 1992. Human factor considerations in the potential for using elevators in building emergency evacuation plans, NIST-GCR-92-615. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Klote, J. H., B. M. Levin, and N. E. Groner. 1994. Feasibility of fire evacuations by elevators at FAA control towers, NISTIR 5445. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Klote, J. H., B. M. Levin, and N. E. Groner. "Feasibility of Fire Evacuation by Elevators at FAA Control Towers," National Institute of Standards and Technology, NISTIR 5443, 1994.

Levin, B. M., and N. E. Groner. 1992. Human behavior aspects of staging areas for fire safety in GSA buildings, NIST-GCR-92-606. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Levin, B. M., and N. E. Groner. 1994. Human factor considerations for the potential use of elevators for fire evacuation of FAA air traffic control towers, NIST-GCR-94-656. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Seigel, L. G. 1969. The protection of flames from burning buildings. Fire Technology 5(1):43-51.

Tu, K.-M., and S. Davis. 1976. Flame spread of carpet systems involved in room fires, NBSIR 76-1013. Washington, DC: Center for Fire Research, Institute for Applied Technology, National Bureau of Standards.

NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, 2016 edition.

NFPA 88A, Standard for Parking Structures, 2015 edition.

NFPA 5000®, Building Construction and Safety Code®, 2018 edition.

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