ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

NFPA 101, 2018

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Chapter 27 Emergency Shelter Occupancy

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27.1 General Requirements

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27.1.1 Application

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27.1.1.1

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The requirements of this Chapter shall apply to buildings that provide temporary emergency sleeping space for sixteen (16) or fewer persons unless a greater number of occupants is specifically approved by the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review.

27.1.1.2

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Places of worship, maintaining this temporary occupancy in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter, shall not lose their exception from the requirements of §§ 13.3.5.1 and 13.3.5.1.1 as outlined in § 13.3.5.2.1(4) of this Code.

27.1.1.3

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For buildings with larger occupancies, the requirements of Chapters 28 and 29 are applicable. The owners of such facilities may seek interim relief from specific requirements from the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review.

27.1.1.4

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All emergency shelter occupancies shall be located on the on the first (1st) floor or on the level of exit discharge unless specifically authorized by the AHJ to be located on a lower or upper level.

27.2 Means of Escape Requirements

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27.2.1

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There shall be at least two (2) clearly defined means of escape to grade from the space used as an emergency shelter.

27.2.2

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The means of escape, stairways and doors shall comply with the provisions of §§ 26.2.1.1 through 26.2.3 of this Code.

27.2.3

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The means of escape shall be further protected with emergency lighting and exit signs approved by the AHJ.

27.3 Protection

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27.3.1 Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Detection

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27.3.1.1

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Smoke alarms and carbon monoxide detection shall be immediately provided and maintained in accordance with the provisions of § 26.3.4. All such facilities shall also be in compliance with § 26.3.4 of this Code.

27.3.2 Supervision

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27.3.2.1

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At least one (1) responsible adult, approved by the AHJ and not a resident of the emergency shelter occupancy, shall maintain a fire watch during all hours of occupancy of the emergency shelter facility.

27.3.2.1.1

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In shelters used to temporarily house families, a responsible adult member of each such family may be approved by the AHJ to maintain the fire watch referenced in § 27.3.2.1.

27.3.2.2

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The responsible adult(s) must be trained in fire prevention techniques, fire department notification, evacuation procedures and fire extinguisher operation by the AHJ prior to being approved to oversee the fire watch.

27.3.2.3

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The owner or management of the shelter shall provide the AHJ with a schedule listing the names of the responsible adults conducting the fire watch and the times to which they have been assigned this duty.

27.3.2.4

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A fire fighter on duty, as defined in §§ 12.7.5.9 and 13.7.5.9 may be substituted for the responsible adult at the discretion of the owner or management of the emergency shelter facility.

27.3.3 Protection From Hazards

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27.3.3.1

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No smoking shall be allowed in any building utilized as an emergency shelter facility during any and all periods of this occupancy.

27.3.3.2

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No cooking shall be allowed in any building utilized as an emergency shelter facility during any and all periods of overnight occupancy. If specifically authorized by the AHJ, cooking, with the appropriate temporary safeguards required by the AHJ, may be allowed during limited periods when the occupants are all awake and fully capable of self preservation.

27.3.4 Fire Extinguishers

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27.3.4.1

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A minimum of two (2) fire extinguishers, installed at the direction and to the satisfaction of the AHJ, shall be provided in every emergency shelter facility in accordance with section of this Code.
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