ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

NFPA 101, 2018

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

26.1.1.1*26.1.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The requirements of this Chapter shall apply to buildings that provide sleeping accommodations for sixteen (16) or fewer persons on either a transient or permanent basis, with or without meals, but without separate cooking facilities for individual occupants, except as provided in Chapter 24 and/or §§ 26.1.1.1.1 through 26.1.1.1.8 (Bed and Breakfast Homes and Congregate Family Living Facilities) as outlined below.

26.1.1.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A "Bed and Breakfast Home" is defined as an owner and/or innkeeper occupied building that provides sleeping accommodations for up to sixteen (16) guests. Every "Bed and Breakfast Home" must further have originated as a private home and must have at least three hundred (300) square feet of common space (i.e. dining room, living room, etc.) for guest use, and must further provide breakfast. Finally, the owner and/or innkeeper must occupy the building twenty-four (24) hours a day, seven (7) days a week, while guests are utilizing the facility. The owner and/or innkeeper of the Bed and Breakfast Home shall have a plan of action, approved by the local official, to assure the safety of the guests in the event the owner or innkeeper is required to temporarily leave the facility unsupervised for limited periods during the day.

26.1.1.1.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A "No Smoking" policy, throughout the building, shall be strictly enforced.

26.1.1.1.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
With the exception of fireplaces and/or wood stoves, approved by local fire department and/or the local mechanical inspector, there shall be no open flame in the bedrooms of these facilities. Specifically, candles, incense or similar materials shall not be allowed in the bedrooms. All approved fireplaces and/or wood stoves shall further be provided with approved metal screens or glass doors. Any fireplace or wood stove located in the common areas shall also be approved by local fire department and/or the local mechanical inspector with the above safeguards.

26.1.1.1.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All "Bed and Breakfast Homes" require hardwired, interconnected smoke and carbon monoxide alarms installed in accordance with the Regulations and standards of Chapter 24. There shall be approved detection in each sleeping room.

26.1.1.1.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All "Bed and Breakfast Homes" with a capacity of between four (4) and six (6) guests shall meet the following requirements for this occupancy:
  1. Hardwired or low power radio wireless interconnected smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 72, 2019 edition.
  2. Emergency lighting shall be installed in any corridors and/or stairways greater than eight feet (8') in length.
  3. Externally illuminated exit signs shall be installed.
  4. An evacuation plan, containing alternative emergency egress routes, shall be presented to the local fire authority for approval.
  5. The owner and/or innkeeper shall receive comprehensive fire extinguisher training.
  6. It is recommended that the facility be annually inspected by the local fire authority. Any existing curtains, bedding, rugs or similar flammable materials, shall only be replaced, in the future, by fire retardant materials, manufactured and/or treated to the satisfaction of the local fire authority.
  7. Any existing fire detection and/or suppression system shall be maintained as a required system.

26.1.1.1.6

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All "Bed and Breakfast Homes" with a capacity of between seven (7) and sixteen (16) guests shall meet the following requirements for this occupancy:
  1. A fire alarm system installed in accordance with § 26.3.4.1.1 shall be provided.
  2. Hardwired or low power radio wireless interconnected smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 72, 2019 edition. (May be incorporated into the above fire alarm system).
  3. Solid core doors, maintaining an approximate fire rating of twenty (20) minutes, shall be installed in the existing egress system door jambs with spring-loaded hinges. The local fire authority may approve an alternative plan of action allowing historically significant doors, with an approved Class-A flame-spread finish and spring loaded hinges, to be retained.
  4. Emergency lighting shall be installed in any corridors and/or stairways greater than eight feet (8') in length.
  5. Externally illuminated exit signs shall be installed.
  6. An evacuation plan, containing alternative emergency egress routes, shall be presented to the local fire authority for approval.
  7. The owner and/or innkeeper shall receive comprehensive fire extinguisher training.
  8. The facility shall be annually inspected by the local fire authority. Any existing curtains, bedding, rugs or similar flammable materials, shall only be replaced, in the future, by fire retardant materials, manufactured and/or treated to the satisfaction of the local fire authority.
  9. Any existing fire detection and/or suppression system shall be maintained as a required system.

26.1.1.1.7

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any building complying with the above "Bed and Breakfast Home" guidelines, with a capacity in excess of sixteen (16) guests, shall be required comply with the requirements for a "Hotel and Dormitory" occupancy as outlined in the provisions of Chapters 28 or 29, as applicable (new or existing), of the Rhode Island Life Safety Code.

26.1.1.1.8

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Congregate Family Living Facility is defined as a building or part thereof that contains sleeping rooms where residents share the entire structure and live, cook and function together as a single housekeeping unit. Every "Congregate Family Living Facility" must further have originated as a private residence, shall be limited to no more than two (2) stories in height and shall not exceed two thousand five hundred (2,500) gross square feet.

26.1.1.1.8.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All "Congregate Family Living Facilities" require smoke and carbon monoxide alarms installed in accordance with the regulations and standards of Chapter 24. There shall be approved detection in each sleeping room.

26.1.1.1.8.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All "Congregate Family Living Facilities" with a capacity of between four (4) and six (6) residents shall meet the following requirements for this occupancy:
  1. Interconnected smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 72.
  2. Emergency lighting shall be installed in any corridors and/or stairways greater than eight feet (8') in length.
  3. Externally illuminated exit signs shall be installed.
  4. An evacuation plan, containing alternative emergency egress routes, shall be presented to the local fire authority for approval, and upon approval shall be posted in every sleeping room.

26.1.1.1.8.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All "Congregate Family Living Facilities" with a capacity of between seven (7) and sixteen (16) residents shall meet the following requirements for this occupancy:
  1. A fire alarm system installed in accordance with § 26.3.4.1.1 shall be provided.
  2. Interconnected smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 72. (May be incorporated into the above fire alarm system).
  3. Solid core doors, maintaining an approximate fire rating of twenty (20) minutes, shall be installed in the existing egress system door jambs with spring-loaded hinges. The local fire authority may approve an alternative plan of action allowing historically significant doors, with an approved Class-A flame-spread finish and spring-loaded hinges, to be retained.
  4. Emergency lighting shall be installed in any corridors and/or stairways greater than eight feet (8') in length.
  5. Externally illuminated exit signs shall be installed.
  6. An evacuation plan, containing alternative emergency egress routes, shall be presented to the local fire authority for approval, and upon approval shall be posted in every sleeping room.
  7. Any existing fire detection and/or suppression system shall be maintained as a required system.

26.1.1.1.8.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any building complying with the above "Congregate Family Living Facilities" guidelines, with a capacity in excess of sixteen (16) residents, shall be required comply with the requirements for a "Hotel and Dormitory" occupancy as outlined in the provisions of Chapters 28 or 29, as applicable (new or existing), of the Rhode Island Life Safety Code.
The provisions of Chapter 1, Administration, shall apply.
The provisions of Chapter 4, General, shall apply.
The requirements of this chapter shall apply to new buildings and to existing or modified buildings according to the provisions of 1.3.1 of this Code.
In buildings under construction, alteration, or demolition, the provisions of 4.6.10.1, 4.6.10.3, and 4.6.10.4 shall apply.
Multiple occupancies shall be in accordance with 6.1.14.
No lodging or rooming house shall have its sole means of egress pass through any nonresidential occupancy in the same building, unless otherwise permitted by 26.1.3.2.1 or 26.1.3.2.2.
In buildings that are protected by an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 9.7, lodging or rooming houses shall be permitted to have their sole means of egress pass through a nonresidential occupancy in the same building, provided that both of the following criteria are met:
  1. The lodging or rooming house shall comply with Chapter 26.
  2. The sole means of egress from the lodging or rooming house shall not pass through a high hazard contents area, as defined in 6.2.2.4.
In buildings that are not protected by an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 9.7, lodging or rooming houses shall be permitted to have their sole means of egress pass through a nonresidential occupancy in the same building, provided that all of the following criteria are met:
  1. The sole means of egress from the lodging or rooming house to the exterior shall be separated from the remainder of the building by fire barriers having a minimum 1-hour fire resistance rating.
  2. The lodging or rooming house shall comply with Chapter 26.
  3. The sole means of egress from the lodging or rooming house shall not pass through a high hazard contents area, as defined in 6.2.2.4.
Lodging or rooming houses shall be permitted to be located above a nonresidential occupancy only where one of the following conditions exists:
  1. Where the lodging or rooming house and exits therefrom are separated from the nonresidential occupancy by construction having a minimum 1-hour fire resistance rating
  2. Where the nonresidential occupancy is protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 9.7
  3. Where the lodging or rooming house is located above a nonresidential occupancy, and the nonresidential occupancy is protected by an automatic fire detection system in accordance with Section 9.6
Atrium walls in accordance with 6.1.14.4.6 shall be permitted to serve as part of the separation required by 6.1.14.4.1 for creating separated occupancies on a story-by-story basis.
For definitions, see Chapter 3, Definitions.
Special terms applicable to this chapter are defined in Chapter 3. Where necessary, other terms are defined in the text.
The contents of residential occupancies shall be classified as ordinary hazard in accordance with 6.2.2.
Every sleeping room and living area shall have access to a primary means of escape complying with Chapter 24 and located to provide a safe path of travel to the outside.
Where the sleeping room is above or below the level of exit discharge, the primary means of escape shall be an interior stair in accordance with 26.2.2, an exterior stair, a horizontal exit in accordance with 7.2.4, or an existing fire escape stair in accordance with 7.2.8.
In addition to the primary route, each sleeping room and living area shall have a second means of escape in accordance with 24.2.2, unless the sleeping room or living area has a door leading directly outside the building with access to the finished ground level or to a stairway that meets the requirements for exterior stairs in 26.2.1.1.2.
In other than existing buildings and those protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 26.3.6, every story more than 2000 ft2 (185 m2) in area, or with travel distance to the primary means of escape more than 75 ft (23 m), shall be provided with two primary means of escape remotely located from each other.
Interior stairways, other than those in accordance with 26.2.2.2 or 26.2.2.3, shall comply with 7.2.2.5.3 and shall be enclosed by fire barriers having a minimum 1/2-hour fire resistance rating, with all openings protected with smoke-actuated automatic-closing or self-closing doors having a fire resistance comparable to that required for the enclosure.
Where an interior stair connects the street floor with the story next above or below only, but not with both, the interior stair shall be required to be enclosed only on the street floor.
Stairways shall be permitted to be unenclosed in accordance with 26.3.1.1.2 and 26.3.1.1.3.
Winders in accordance with 7.2.2.2.4 shall be permitted.
Doors in a means of escape, other than bathroom doors in accordance with 26.2.3.2, and paths of travel in a means of escape shall be not less than 28 in. (710 mm) wide.
Bathroom doors shall be not less than 24 in. (610 mm) wide.
Every closet door latch shall be such that it can be readily opened from the inside in case of emergency.
Every bathroom door shall be designed to allow opening from the outside during an emergency when locked.
Door-locking arrangements shall comply with either 26.2.3.5.1 or 26.2.3.5.2.
No door in any means of escape shall be locked against egress when the building is occupied.
Delayed-egress locks complying with 7.2.1.6.1 shall be permitted, provided that not more than one such device is located in any one escape path.
Doors serving a single dwelling unit shall be permitted to be provided with a lock in accordance with 7.2.1.5.7.
Where new bathtubs, bathtub-shower combinations, or showers are present, grab bars shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of 24.2.8.
Vertical openings shall be protected so that no primary escape route is exposed to an unprotected vertical opening.
The vertical opening shall be considered protected if the opening is cut off and enclosed in a manner that provides a smoke- and fire-resisting capability of not less than 1/2 hour.
Any doors or openings shall have a smoke- and fire-resisting capability equivalent to that of the enclosure and shall be automatic-closing on detection of smoke or shall be self-closing.
In buildings three or fewer stories in height that are protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 26.3.6, unprotected vertical openings shall be permitted, provided that a primary means of escape from each sleeping area is provided that does not pass through a portion of a lower floor, unless such portion is separated from all spaces on that floor by construction having a minimum 1/2-hour fire resistance rating.
Stair enclosures shall not be required in buildings two or fewer stories in height where both of the following conditions exist:
  1. The building is protected throughout by an approved, supervised automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 26.3.6.1.
  2. The allowance of 24.2.2.1.2 to omit a secondary means of escape is not used.
Exterior stairs shall be protected against blockage caused by fire within the building.
Alcohol-based hand-rub dispensers in accordance with 8.7.3.3 shall be permitted.
Interior finish shall be in accordance with Section 10.2.
Interior wall and ceiling finish materials complying with Section 10.2 shall be Class A, Class B, or Class C.
Newly installed interior floor finish shall comply with Section 10.2.
Newly installed interior floor finish shall comply with 10.2.7.1 or 10.2.7.2, as applicable.

26.3.4.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Lodging and rooming houses shall be provided with a fire alarm system in accordance with § 9.6.

26.3.4.1.2 Reserved

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

26.3.4.2 Initiation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Initiation of the required fire alarm system shall be by manual means in accordance with § 9.6.2, a fire detection system required by § 23.3.4.4, and by alarm initiation in accordance with § 9.6.2.1(3) in buildings protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with § 26.3.6.
Occupant notification shall be provided automatically in accordance with 9.6.3, as modified by 26.3.4.3.1 and 26.3.4.3.2.
Visible signals for the hearing impaired shall not be required where the proprietor resides in the building and there are five or fewer rooms for rent.
Positive alarm sequence in accordance with 9.6.3.4 shall be permitted.

26.3.4.4 Detection. (Reserved)

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a fire alarm system is required, a system in accordance with § 9.6.2.11 shall be provided.

26.3.4.5.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Approved single-station smoke alarms shall be installed in accordance with § 9.6.2.10 in every sleeping room.
In other than existing buildings, the smoke alarms required by 26.3.4.5.1 shall be interconnected in accordance with 9.6.2.10.3.

26.3.4.5.3 Reserved

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

26.3.4.6.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Carbon monoxide alarms or carbon monoxide detectors in accordance with §§ 9.12 and 26.3.4.6 shall be provided in lodging or rooming houses where either of the following conditions exists:
  1. Lodging or rooming houses with communicating attached garages, unless otherwise exempted by § 26.3.4.6.3
  2. Lodging or rooming houses containing fuel-burning appliances or fuel-burning fireplaces.
Where required by 26.3.4.6.1, carbon monoxide alarms or carbon monoxide detectors shall be installed in the following locations:
  1. Outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the sleeping rooms
  2. On every occupiable level, including basements, and excluding attics and crawl spaces
Carbon monoxide alarms and carbon monoxide detectors as specified in 26.3.4.6.1(1) shall not be required in the following locations:
  1. In garages
  2. Within lodging or rooming houses with communicating attached garages that are open parking structures as defined by the building code
  3. Within lodging or rooming houses with communicating attached garages that are mechanically ventilated in accordance with the mechanical code

26.3.4.7

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any conflict between the provisions of this section and the provisions of amended § 9.6 of this shall be resolved in favor of compliance with the most reasonable combined requirements as determined by the State Fire Marshal's Office.
All sleeping rooms shall be separated from escape route corridors by smoke partitions in accordance with Section 8.4.
There shall be no louvers or operable transoms in corridor walls.
Air passages shall not penetrate corridor walls, unless they are properly installed heating and utility installations other than transfer grilles.
Transfer grilles shall be prohibited in corridor walls.
Doors shall be provided with latches or other mechanisms suitable for keeping the doors closed.
Doors shall not be arranged to prevent the occupant from closing the door.
In buildings other than those protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 26.3.6, doors shall be self-closing or automatic-closing upon detection of smoke.

26.3.6.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All new lodging or rooming houses shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with § 26.3.6.2.

26.3.6.1.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every existing lodging or rooming house built, or converted to this occupancy, on or after June 29, 1990, shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with § 26.3.6.2.
Where an automatic sprinkler system is required or is used as an alternative method of protection, either for total or partial building coverage, the system shall be in accordance with Section 9.7 and 26.3.6.2.1 through 26.3.6.2.6.
Activation of the automatic sprinkler system shall actuate the fire alarm system in accordance with Section 9.6.
In buildings four or fewer stories in height and not exceeding 60 ft (18.3 m) in height above grade plane, systems in accordance with NFPA 13R shall be permitted.
Systems in accordance with NFPA 13D shall be permitted where all of the following requirements are met:
  1. The lodging or rooming house shall not be part of a mixed occupancy.
  2. Entrance foyers shall be sprinklered.
  3. Lodging or rooming houses with sleeping accommodations for more than eight occupants shall be treated as two-family dwellings with regard to the water supply.
In buildings sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13 closets less than 12 ft2 (1.1 m2) in area in individual dwelling units shall not be required to be sprinklered.
In buildings sprinklered in accordance with NFPA 13 closets that contain equipment such as washers, dryers, furnaces, or water heaters shall be sprinklered, regardless of size.
In existing lodging or rooming houses, sprinkler installations shall not be required in closets not exceeding 24 ft2 (2.2 m2) and in bathrooms not exceeding 55 ft2 (5.1 m2).

26.3.6.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Portable fire extinguishers shall be provided in accordance with § 9.9 of this Code.
Utilities shall comply with the provisions of Section 9.1.
Heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning equipment shall comply with the provisions of Section 9.2.
Unvented fuel-fired heaters, other than gas space heaters in compliance with NFPA 54 shall not be used.

26.5.2.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any furnace or boiler in the building shall be equipped with an approved remote shutoff switch approved by the AHJ.
Elevators, escalators, and conveyors shall comply with the provisions of Section 9.4.
Contents and furnishings shall not be required to comply with Section 10.3.
Furnishings or decorations of an explosive or highly flammable character shall not be used.
Fire-retardant coatings shall be maintained to retain the effectiveness of the treatment under service conditions encountered in actual use.
Integrated fire protection and life safety systems shall be tested in accordance with 9.11.4.1.
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