ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

NFPA 101, 2018

1.7

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

1.1*1.1 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.1.1 Title

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Title of this Code shall be known as the "Rhode Island Life Safety Code," is cited as such, and shall be referred to herein as "this Code" or "the Code."

1.1.1.2 Relationship to Other Fire Codes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The "Rhode Island Life Safety Code" (NFPA 101, 2018 Edition, as amended) and the "Rhode Island Fire Code" (NFPA 1, 2018 Edition, as amended) comprise the "Rhode Island Fire Safety Code" pursuant to R.I. Gen. Laws § 23-28.1-2.

The "Rhode Island Life Safety Code" is the major component of the "Rhode Island Fire Safety Code" which includes all other statutory mandates found in R.I. Gen. Laws Chapter 23-28 along with any additional Rules and Regulations adopted, by the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review, pursuant to R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 23-28.3-3 and 23-28.1-2.
The Code addresses those construction, protection, and occupancy features necessary to minimize danger to life from the effects of fire, including smoke, heat, and toxic gases created during a fire.
The Code establishes minimum criteria for the design of egress facilities so as to allow prompt escape of occupants from buildings or, where desirable, into safe areas within buildings.
The Code addresses other considerations that are essential to life safety in recognition of the fact that life safety is more than a matter of egress. The Code also addresses protective features and systems, building services, operating features, maintenance activities, and other provisions in recognition of the fact that achieving an acceptable degree of life safety depends on additional safeguards to provide adequate egress time or protection for people exposed to fire.
The Code also addresses other considerations that provide for occupant protection during emergency events involving hazardous materials.
The Code also addresses reducing injury to occupants from falls.
The Code also addresses other considerations that provide for communications to occupants under emergency conditions and to others.
The Code also addresses other considerations that, while important in fire conditions, provide an ongoing benefit in other conditions of use, including non-fire emergencies.
The Code does not address the following:
  1. *General fire prevention or building construction features that are normally a function of fire prevention codes and building codes
  2. Prevention of injury incurred by an individual due to that individual's failure to use reasonable care
  3. Preservation of property from loss by fire
  4. The retail sale and associated storage of consumer fireworks
The purpose of this Code is to provide minimum requirements, with due regard to function, for the design, operation, and maintenance of buildings and structures for safety to life from fire. Its provisions will also aid life safety in similar emergencies.

1.3.1*1.3.1 New and Existing Buildings and Structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Code shall apply to both new construction and existing buildings and structures. All new buildings and structures, for which a building permit was issued on or after July 1, 2021, shall be subject to the provisions of Rhode Island Fire Safety Code addressing the new occupancy. All existing buildings and structures, and those buildings and structures for which a building permit was issued prior to July 1, 2021, shall be subject to the provisions of the Rhode Island Fire Safety Code addressing the existing occupancy. Any existing building or structure, subject to the provisions of the Rehabilitation Building and Fire Code for Existing Buildings and Structures, shall also comply with the existing occupancy provisions of the Rhode Island Fire Safety Code addressing the current or proposed occupancy. All active fire protection systems, such as sprinklers, fire alarms, emergency lighting and exit signs, installed in existing buildings shall be properly maintained.
The Code shall apply to vehicles, vessels, or other similar conveyances, as specified in Section 11.6, in which case such vehicles and vessels shall be treated as buildings.

1.4*1.4 Equivalency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Nothing in this Code is intended to prevent the use of systems, methods, or devices of equivalent or superior quality, strength, fire resistance, effectiveness, durability, and safety over those prescribed by this code provided that any proposed equivalent systems, methods and devices are first approved by the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review.
Technical documentation shall be submitted to the authority having jurisdiction to demonstrate equivalency.

1.4.2 Approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The system, method, or device shall be approved for the intended purpose by the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review.

1.4.3*1.4.3 Equivalent Compliance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Alternative systems, methods, or devices approved as equivalent by the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review shall be recognized as being in compliance with this code.
Metric units of measurement in this Code are in accordance with the modernized metric system known as the International System of Units (SI).
The inch-pound value for a measurement, and the SI value given in parentheses, shall each be acceptable for use as primary units for satisfying the requirements of this Code.

1.6 Enforcement and Administration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1.6.1 Enforcement

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The State Fire Marshal is the sole authority having jurisdiction for the strict enforcement of the provisions of this Code. The State Fire Marshal shall have authority to appoint and certify as many Deputy State Fire Marshals and Assistant Deputy State Fire Marshals as are deemed necessary to strictly enforce the provisions of this Code. All such Deputy State Fire Marshals and Assistant Deputy State Fire Marshals maintain their certification at the pleasure of the State Fire Marshal. Accordingly, all Deputy State Fire Marshals and Assistant Deputy State Fire Marshals shall be allowed to enforce this code as long as they maintain their certification in the above positions by the State Fire Marshal.

1.6.1.1 Modifications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The State Fire Marshal and his or her designees are hereby authorized to approve dimensional relief within the egress systems of any existing building in accordance with NFPA 101 and its annexes. Such dimensional relief shall be known as "AHJ modifications". All "AHJ modifications" must be in writing and submitted to the State Fire Marshal's Office for approval and recording. Once approved and recorded by the State Fire Marshal's Office, the "AHJ modification" shall remain as permanent relief for the building as long as the use and/or occupancy of the building remains the same. Any change of use and/or occupancy shall subject the building to review under the relevant codes and reconsideration of the "AHJ modification" in light of the new use or occupancy.

1.6.2 Administration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review is the sole authority having jurisdiction for administration of this Code. Accordingly, the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review is the sole authority having jurisdiction to grant variances, waivers and amendments from, or to review and accept any proposed fire safety equivalencies and alternatives to, the strict adherence to the provisions of this Code and all referenced standards herein. For purposes of uniform administration, all exceptions listed in this Code, and its referenced standards, allowing for a discretionary waiver by the authority having jurisdiction, shall be referred directly to the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review as outlined in § 1.7.1 of this Subchapter, et seq.

1.6.2.1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Procedures, adopted by the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review, addressing administrative appeals, are outlined in §§ 1.7.1(A) through (L) of this Subchapter.

1.6.2.2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Procedures, adopted by the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review, addressing administrative hearings and court appeals, are outlined in §§ 1.7.2(A) through (BB) of this Subchapter.

1.6.2.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Procedures, adopted by the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review, addressing the Board's rule making authority, are outlined in §§ 1.7.3(A) through (E) of this Subchapter.

1.6.2.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Procedures, adopted by the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review, addressing code interpretation by the board, are outlined in §§ 1.7.4(A) through (G) of this Subchapter.

1.6.3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Police and other enforcement agencies shall have authority to render necessary assistance in the enforcement of this Code when expressly requested to do so by the State Fire Marshal.

1.6.4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The State Fire Marshal may delegate to other qualified individuals such powers as are necessary for the proper enforcement of the Code. The Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review may delegate to its appointed staff such powers as are necessary for the proper administration of this Code.

1.6.5

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The State Fire Marshal is authorized to inspect, at all reasonable times, any building or premises for dangerous or hazardous conditions or materials as set forth in this Code and the general provisions of the Fire Safety Code. The State Fire Marshal may order any person(s) to remove or remedy such dangerous or hazardous condition or material. Any person(s) failing to comply with such an order shall be in violation of the Fire Safety Code. Any person so charged with a violation of this Code shall have the right to appeal the order of the State Fire Marshal to the Fire Safety Code Board of Appeal and Review. An appeal shall automatically stay the State Fire Marshal's order. However, where the State Fire Marshal, or his or her designee, advises that such an automatic stay would endanger the public and/or the owner's tenants or employees, the Chairperson of the Board, or his or her designee, may, for such good cause shown, suspend the automatic stay of the State Fire Marshal's order pending review by the full board.

1.6.6 Abatement

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The State Fire Marshal, or his or her designee within the division, or an Assistant Deputy State Fire Marshal in accordance with the guidelines established by the State Fire Marshal, has the authority to summarily abate any condition which presents immediate danger to life. The conditions that present an "immediate danger to life" are outlined under the definition of "abatement or to abate a condition" found in Fire Safety Code § 1.5 of this Subchapter. A failure to abate a condition that presents a clear and immediate danger to life shall be grounds for the person issuing the order to abate, to require that the premises be vacated. Any such order to vacate the premises shall be either approved in writing by the State Fire Marshal or a designee of the State Fire Marshal who has been given advanced written authority by the State Fire Marshal to approve such actions.

1.7

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When a conflict between the language of the original 2018 Edition of NFPA 101-Life Safety Code and any specific Rhode Island amendment occurs, the conflict shall initially be resolved by the Office of the State Fire Marshal.
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