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All buildings, structures and occupancies shall be equipped with such plumbing fixtures as required by this code, in accordance with Table P-701 and the regulations of the Pennsylvania Department of Public Instruction, the Department of Public Health of the City, and the Housing and Health Codes of the City.

TABLE P-701 — MINIMUM NUMBER OF PLUMBING FIXTURES a,b
Type of Building
Occupancy
Type of Fixture
Water Closets Urinals Lavatories Bathtubs or
Showers
Drinking
Fountain
Other
Fixtures
No. of
Persons
No. of
Fixtures
No. of
Persons
No. of
Fixtures
No. of
Persons
No. of
Fixtures
No. of
Fixtures
No. of
Fixtures
No. of
Persons
Assembly: Places of
Worship
150 Women 2 300 Men 1 2 1
300 Men 2
Assembly: Other
than places of
worship
(auditoriums,
theaters, convention
halls)
1-100 2 1-200 1 1-200 2 1 for each 500
persons
101-200 4 201-400 2 201-400 4
201-400 6 401-600 3 401-750 6
Over 400 6, plus 2 for
each 500 men
and 1 for each
150 women
Over 600 3 plus 1 for
each add'l. 300
men
Over 750 1 for each
add'l. 500
persons
Dormitories (school
or labor);
Institutional
Men: 1 for every 10 1 for every 25 men; 1 for every 12 persons 1 for every 20
persons
1 for every 75
persons
Laundry trays:
1 for every 50
persons
Women: 1 for every 8 Over 150, add 1 for every 50 men
Buildings or
structures containing
employees c
1-15 2 Urinals may be provided in
men's toilet rooms in lieu of
water closets but not for
more than 1/3 of the
required number of water
closets.
1-15 1 1 for each 75
persons per
floor
16-35 4 16-35 2
36-55 5 36-60 3
56-80 6 61-90 4
81-110 7 91-125 5
111-150 8 Over 125 1 for each
add'l 45
persons
Over 150 1 for each add'l
40 employees
Schools Ea 40 boys 1 Each 30 Boys 1 Each 50
pupils
1 In gym or pool
shower room, 1 for
each 5 pupils
1 for each 100
pupils; at least 1
per floor
Ea. 35 girls 1
Industrial: factories,
warehouses,
foundries and
similar
establishments
No. of each
sex:
Where more than
10 men are
employed:
1-100 1 for each 10 persons 1 shower for each 15
persons for places
with excessive heat or
occupational hazards
from poisonous,
infectious or irritating
material
1 for every 75
persons
1-10 1 11-30 1 Over 100 1 for each 15 persons
11-25 2 31-80 2
26-50 3 81-160 3
51-75 4 161-240 4
76-100 5 Over 240 Add 1 for
each addl
100 men
Over 100 1 for each add'l
30 employees
Institutional, other
than hospitals or
penal institutions (on
ea. occupied story)
1 for each 25 men; 1 for each 50 men 1 for each 10 persons 1 for each 10 persons 1 for each 50
persons
1 for each 20 women
Hospitals, Individual
Room Wards
1 for each 8 patients 1 for each 10 patients 1 for each 20 patients 1 for each 100
patients
Penal Institutions,
Prisoners
1 in each cell; 1 in each exercise
room
1 in each exercise room 1 in each cell;
1 in each exercise area
1 on each cell block
floor
1 on each cell
block floor;
1 in each
exercise area
Type of Building
Occupancy
Lawful Occupancy d Water Closets Urinal Lavatories
Food establishments,
Restaurants,
Catering halls,
Clubs, Bars,
Taverns, and similar
establishments
1 to 25 persons total One in a unisex toilet room 0 One in a unisex toilet room
Men Women Men Men Women
26 to 50 persons total 1 1 0 1 1
51-100 2 4 1 1 3
101-200e 3 6 2 2 4


Note a. Facilities for the disabled shall be required in accordance with the Philadelphia Building Code.

Note b. Where the building occupancy does not list the number of occupants by gender, the total number of occupants shall be divided, assuming a 50/50 gender ratio.


Note c. 1 Water Closet and 1 Lavatory may be used for both sexes in any place of business containing not more than 6 employees. No drinking fountain shall be required. A toilet room door with an inside lock shall be provided.


Note d. Lawful occupancy shall be determined by the Philadelphia Building Code.

Note e. For each additional 150 persons or fraction thereof, one additional lavatory and two additional water closets (or one water closet and one urinal for men) shall be required. These fixtures shall be required for: all new establishments; when building an addition to existing establishments; when increasing the seating capacity for patrons; and when replacing more than 50% of the plumbing fixtures. These facilities shall be located so as not to require the patron to pass through any food preparation area. This requirement does not apply where food is not consumed within the establishment or where only take-out food is provided.
In buildings of multiple tenant occupancy, the fixtures required by Table P-701 shall be provided on each floor of multiple tenant use without restriction of travel distance. Such toilet rooms shall have their entrance located in the common areas.
All plumbing fixtures shall be made of materials with smooth, impervious surfaces and shall conform in quality and design to one of the following standards:
  1. Enameled Cast Iron Plumbing Fixtures .............................................................................ASME A112.19.1-87;
  2. Vitreous China Plumbing Fixtures.....................................................................................ASME A112.19.2-90;
  3. Stainless Steel Plumbing Fixtures (Residential) ................................................................ASME A112.19.3-87;
  4. Stainless Steel Plumbing Fixtures.......................................................................................CAN/CSA B45.4-88;
  5. Porcelain Enameled Formed Steel Plumbing Fixtures.......................................................ASME A112.19.4-84;
  6. Non-Vitreous Ceramic Plumbing Fixtures.........................................................................ASME A112.19.9-91;
  7. Plastic Bathtub Units.................................................................................................................ANSI Z124.1-87;
  8. Plastic Shower Receptors and Shower Stalls............................................................................ANSI Z124.2-87;
  9. Plastic Lavatories......................................................................................................................ANSI Z124.3-86;
  10. Plastic Water Closet Bowls and Tanks .....................................................................................ANSI Z124.4-86;
  11. Plastic Sinks..............................................................................................................................ANSI Z124.6-90.
In addition to the materials specified in Section P-702, sinks, lavatories, and special fixtures made of copper-base alloy, nickel, nickel-copper alloy or corrosion-resisting steel shall be permitted. No other material shall be used without the approval of the Department.
When any plumbing fixture is provided with an overflow, it shall be arranged so that water standing in the fixture can neither rise in the overflow when the stopper is closed nor remain in the overflow when the fixture is empty.
All plumbing fixtures shall be installed so as to afford easy access for cleaning.
Fixtures shall be firmly and securely supported and fastened.
Wall-hung fixtures shall be supported on approved metal hangers, chairs or bolts.
Fixtures attached to or supported by masonry shall not be fastened to wood plugs.
Floor outlet fixtures shall be secured to the floor by screws or bolts.
Fixtures for the disabled shall meet the provisions of CABO ANSI A117.1-1992.
Water closets shall conform to the provisions of Sections P-706.1.1 through P706.1.3.
Water closet bowls shall be siphon-jet, reverse trap, washdown, or blowout type with floor outlet; or siphon-jet or blowout type with wall outlet. Water-closet bowls and traps shall be made in one piece and shall be provided with internal flushing rims so constructed as to flush the entire interior of the bowl.
In rooming houses where two or more water closets are in a group, in lodging houses, factories, workshops, public buildings, hospitals, convalescent homes, nursing homes, and all institutions of similar character, and in all places where water closets and urinals are for public use, the water closet bowls shall be of an elongated type with an open front seat.
Pursuant to the regulations of the Delaware River Basin Commission and Section P-720, all water closets to be replaced in existing dwellings or installed in new dwellings shall be of 1.6-gallon flush type. All replaced or new water closets in commercial buildings shall be either tank or flushometer type using 1.6 gallons of water.
This mandate shall be in effect until such time that the 1.6-gallon flush is proven unsatisfactory to the interior and exterior plumbing system, out to and including the curb trap, as determined by the Department.
Wall-hung closet supports shall be metal, and shall be designed and installed so that no force is transmitted to the piping.
Water closet tanks shall have a capacity sufficient to properly flush the water closet bowls to which they are connected. The flush valve seat in close-coupled integral water closet combinations shall be 1 inch or more above the rim of the bowl so that the flush valve will close, even if the closet trapway is clogged.
Float valves for water closet tanks shall automatically close tight. In low water closet tanks, the float valve shall provide sufficient refill to properly seal the trap in the bowl.
Flush valves for water closet tanks shall close tight. Flush valves in high tanks of the gooseneck type shall be permitted with a 1 1/4 -inch spud and pipe. In low water closet tanks, the flush valve shall have a 2-inch spud and pipe. Flush valves in low water closet tanks shall be equipped with an overflow, except when the tank is provided with an integral overflow. All overflows shall be arranged and installed to conform to the provisions of Section P-804 and Section P-806.
Flushometers shall be installed in a manner to make them readily accessible for repairing. When a direct flush valve is operated, it shall complete its cycle of operation automatically, opening fully and closing positively under the service pressure. At each operation, the valve shall deliver water in sufficient volume and at a rate that will thoroughly flush the fixture and refill the fixture trap. Means shall be provided for regulating the flow in flush valves and shall be arranged with vacuum breakers and installed to conform to the provisions of Section P804 and Section P-806. Not more than one fixture shall be served by a single flush valve.
Frost-proof closets shall be installed only in locations where the use of water closets conforming to Section P-706.1 is impractical, and then only when approved by the Department. Every frost-proof closet shall be located in a compartment which opens only to the outdoors. The fixture shall be of type approved by the Department.
The drain for the water supply shall spill on grade, discharge to an independent seepage pit, or discharge to indirect waste in accordance with Section P-1202.2.
The pipe and the trap of frost-proof closets shall be of cast iron and not less than 3 inches in diameter.
Siphon jet, blowout, and pedestal urinals shall have integral flushing rims and integral traps, except that washout and stall urinals with separate traps, and stall urinals without a flushing rim shall be permitted.
Trough urinals shall only be installed on such premises as parks or buildings of temporary occupancy. They shall be provided with backs and made in one piece of cast iron, enameled on the inside. They shall not be less than 6 inches deep. The perforated wash down pipe shall be securely clamped as high as practicable to the back of the urinal, and the perforations shall be of such size and so arranged as to discharge an even curtain of water against the back of the urinal. Trough urinals shall be either arranged for a continuous flow of flushing water with an overhead supply or shall be equipped with automatic flush tanks having a flushing capacity of not less than 1 1/2 gallons for each 2 feet of urinal length.
No direct flush valve shall serve more than one urinal. Flushometers shall conform to the provisions of Section P-706.6. No vacuum breaker is required, except a chemical deodorizer shall have a vacuum breaker installed in conjunction with automatic, delayed-action, self-closing valves for flushing urinals and similar fixtures when it is installed on the water piping system and connected to a urinal having a direct flush valve.
Water conservation measures shall be taken in accordance with Section P-720.
Bathrooms and toilet rooms shall be illuminated and ventilated in accordance with the building and mechanical codes.
Piping, fixtures or equipment shall not be located in such a manner as to interfere with the normal operation of windows, doors or other means of egress openings.
The enclosure and interior finish of bathrooms and toilet rooms shall comply with the building code.
Each water closet utilized by the public or employees shall occupy a separate compartment with a door and walls or partitions between fixtures to ensure privacy.

Exception: Water closet compartments shall not be required in a single-occupant toilet room with a lockable door.
Wastes shall have open strainers or stoppers.
Lavatories for use in doctors', dentists', and similar offices where contact with human and animal anatomy is necessary, shall be provided with foot-pedal, wrist-operated, knee-action or other hands-free control devices for the water supply to the lavatory.
Water conservation measures shall be taken in accordance with Section P-720.
Except where factory-made receptors are used, shower floors shall be completely lined with a pan of approved water-tight material which shall be connected to the drain by using a clamping ring. Metal receptors shall have the drain attached by means of a locknut and gasket. The drain shall be designed for inside caulking with the packing backed to permit proper caulking. Precast receptors shall be in one piece and shall have a drain, which is cast in the receptor. The drain shall be designed for inside caulking, with the packing backed to permit the proper caulking. Precast receptors of more than one piece shall have a pan of approved material. All receptors shall conform to the requirements of Section P-702, except that inside caulking connections shall conform to Section P-403.3.
Water conservation measures shall be taken in accordance with Section P-720.
Sinks shall be provided with waste outlets not smaller in size than the traps to which they are connected. Waste outlets shall have open strainers or stoppers.
Water conservation measures shall be taken in accordance with Section P-720.
Drinking fountains shall conform to Section P-702, and stream projectors shall be so assembled as to provide a minimum air gap of 1 inch between the orifice and the fixture flood level rim.
Floor drains shall be trapped and equipped with strainers and shall have not less than a 3-inch diameter outlet. Floor drains shall be deemed to be plumbing fixtures. Back pressure valves shall be provided where required to prevent backflow from City sewers.
A trough drain shall be considered as a floor drain. The dimensions of a trough drain shall not exceed 12 inches in width and 12 feet in length. Trough drains in excess of these dimensions shall be installed only when approved by the Department.
Area drains shall be provided on all premises in the locations required by items 1 through 7 below:
  1. Paved areas, courts, open shafts as required by Section P-1001.1.
  2. Driveways of any area which slope downward toward the building.
  3. Terrain which slopes downward toward the building within 10 feet of the building's exterior walls.
  4. Terrain which creates a low elevation such that standing water is possible.
  5. Terrain which slopes downward toward adjacent property in such a manner as to concentrate the flow of runoff.

    Exception: Where terrain slopes toward a natural watercourse such as a creek, stream or river, an area drain shall not be required.
  6. At the low point of any swales on the property.

    Exception: Where terrain slopes toward a natural watercourse such as a creek, stream or river, an area drain shall not be required.
  7. Residential premises which do not contain a condition described in items 1 through 6, shall contain an area drain at a location on the property convenient for general use.
Required area drains shall be located and installed in accordance with Section P-715.2.1 through Section P-715.2.3.
In cases where paved or unpaved areas slope toward the building, the drain shall be located a minimum of 18 inches from the exterior wall and the lowest elevation shall be established at the location of the drain. Trench drains shall be utilized where paved areas cannot be sloped to accomplish the intended purpose of preventing water from entering the building or draining against the foundation walls.
Where area drains are installed in paved or unpaved areas as required by Section P-715.1, all contributing paved and unpaved areas shall be sloped toward the drain to accomplish the purpose of eliminating standing water or concentrated runoff toward buildings, adjacent properties or public rights-of-way.
Where area drains are installed in unpaved areas, they shall be set in a concrete pad which is a minimum of 4 inches thick and extends a minimum of 6 inches beyond the perimeter of the drain.
Each application for plumbing permit for new construction shall include a grading plan which indicates the finished grade contours and/or elevations of the open land on the lot or lots for which application is made.
Activity on a premises including, but not limited to re-grading, terracing, fencing and construction activity shall not result in the concentration of surface water drainage to adjoining property.

Exception: Where terrain slopes toward a natural water course such as a creek, stream or river.
The fixtures and conditions listed in items 1 through 8 are deemed unsanitary and shall not be installed or maintained:
  1. Water closets not complying with Section P-706.1.1 or P-706.1.2;
  2. Water closets having an invisible trap seal, except for frost-proof closets permitted under Section P-706.7;
  3. Water closets having an unventilated space;
  4. Water closets with walls which are not thoroughly washed when the contents are discharged;
  5. Water closets so arranged that the contents of the bowl can be siphoned back into the tank supplying the water for flushing or into the water distribution pipe and water supply pipes;
  6. Floor gutter urinals;
  7. Wooden laundry trays and sinks, except for special uses when approved by the Department;
  8. Fixtures which do not provide a sufficient air gap or which may otherwise cause contamination of the water supply.
No plumbing fixture, soil pipe, waste pipe or vent pipe which has been in use in a plumbing system in any building shall be removed and reused in any other building unless it has been thoroughly cleaned and disinfected, and inspected and approved by the Department.
Pipe and fittings that have been used for any other purpose shall not be used for distributing water.
The use of portable toilets shall be limited to special events and construction sites.
Portable and temporary water closet facilities shall be removed and the site shall be cleaned upon conclusion of the special event or completion of construction.
Temporary or permanent water closet facilities shall be provided at all construction sites in accordance with Table P-718.3, but not less than one water closet for every three floors. The owner and contractors are responsible to prevent any other places on or about the site from being used for such purposes.

TABLE P-718.3
SANITARY FACILITIES FOR WORKERS
Number of Persons Number of Closets
1 to 15 1
16 to 30 2
31 to 60 3
61 to 100 4
101 to 150 5
Temporary toilets shall only be utilized until such time as the building drain is installed and there is a concrete slab or permanent flooring to accommodate a water closet. It is the responsibility of the General Contractor to assure that construction of the main drain proceeds as rapidly as is reasonably possible.
An approved filtration system equipped with backwash and chlorinator shall be installed in accordance with applicable regulations of the Department and the Department of Health. The water piping to all swimming pools must be of a fixed and permanent supply with an approved air gap to prevent backflow in accordance with Section P-806, except above-ground swimming pools. Filling.of above-ground swimming pools by using a water hose that is connected and equipped with an approved non-removable type backflow preventer shall be permitted. Materials for water distribution and supply pipe, tubing and fittings shall conform to section P-809.
Drainage piping shall be installed in conformity with the provisions of this code governing direct and indirect sanitary drainage piping. In sewered areas, the drainage piping shall discharge to either sanitary or storm water drainage systems. In un-sewered areas, the drainage piping shall be in accordance with Chapter 14. In special cases, swimming pools drained or conducted to a point of disposal will be approved by the Department. Fixtures and drainage piping shall be vented in accordance with Chapter 11.
Water conservation measures shall be taken in accordance with Section P-720
The following terms shall, for the purpose of this section, have the meanings shown herein.

Approved. Means the approval of the Water Department or the Department of Licenses and Inspections.

Private Use. Applies to plumbing fixtures not for use by the general public.

Public Use. Applies to plumbing fixtures in all rest rooms containing sanitary facilities available to the general public or consisting of two or more water closets, and to plumbing fixtures in other facilities open for use by the general public.
All new and/or replacement plumbing fixtures for public use shall be of the water conservation type. These plumbing systems, or parts of systems, shall be equipped with water conservation equipment or devices which comply with the requirements of Sections P-720.2.1 through P-720.2.8.
Water closets equipped with tanks shall adequately flush and clean fixtures. These tanks shall discharge not more than 1.6 gallons per flush, and shall have a 1.6 gallon water level marker permanently affixed on the inside of the tank.
Water closets equipped with flushometers shall adequately flush and clean fixtures. These flushometers shall discharge not more than 1.6 gallons per flush.

Exception: This restriction shall not apply to blowout type water closets.
Urinals equipped with flushometers shall adequately flush and clean fixtures. These flushometers shall discharge not more than one gallon per flush.

Exception: This restriction shall not apply to blowout type urinals.
Lavatories shall be equipped with self-closing faucets, which remain open not more than 10 seconds.
Showers or showerheads shall be equipped with an approved water conservation device, which controls the volume of water so that it does not exceed three gallons per minute.

Exception: This restriction shall not apply to safety or deluge showers.
Sinks shall be equipped with an approved water conservation faucet or device, which controls the volume of water so that it does not exceed three gallons per minute.
The introduction of a new and/or replacement domestic water supply (water service) shall be controlled so that it does not exceed 60 pounds-per-square-inch (psi).

Exception: This restriction shall not apply to buildings containing a wet standpipe or sprinkler system for fire protection.
Except as already provided for by the previous subsections, all new and/or replacement plumbing fixtures and all points of domestic water discharge shall be equipped with water conservation type devices which control the volume of water so that it does not exceed three gallons per minute.
All new and/or replacement air conditioning and refrigerating systems for public use having units rated in excess of five tons refrigerating capacity per 24 hours and using the public water supply, shall be equipped with a recapture system using evaporating condensers, cooling towers, spray ponds, or other water cooling equipment. Make-up water shall not be in excess of two-tenths gallons per rated ton of refrigerated capacity. No other method of recapture or re-use of cooling water may be employed without the approval of the Water Department and the Department of Licenses and Inspections.
New swimming pools and/or alterations to plumbing fixtures in existing swimming pools for public or private use shall be equipped with a permanent water recirculating system.

Exception: This restriction shall not apply to swimming pools which are 3 feet or less in depth and 12 feet or less in diameter, or 12 feet or less in width and 12 feet or less in length.
All new or existing permanent commercial car wash facilities, which incorporate a pre-rinse cycle, shall be equipped with a permanent water recirculating system. The recirculating system shall recapture and recycle both pre-rinse and rinse cycle water.
Rinse cycles shall be 40 seconds or less per vehicle. This shall be accomplished by increasing conveyor speeds.
The volume of water discharged from each water nozzle in the rinse cycle shall not exceed three gallons per minute.
Additional measures to further reduce consumption shall be implemented wherever possible, such as reducing the number of water nozzles in the rinse cycle, using automatic flow control valves, and plugging all unnecessary outflows.
All new and existing commercial and non-profit community car wash facilities that manually wash vehicles using hand controlled hoses shall equip each hose with an automatic shut-off-nozzle.
New and/or replacement ornamental water facilities of any type shall be equipped with a permanent water recirculating system.
All new and/or replacement plumbing fixtures for private use shall be of the water conservation type. These plumbing systems, or parts of systems, shall be equipped with water conservation equipment or devices which comply with the requirements of Sections P-720.8.1 through P-720.8.6.
Water closets equipped with tanks shall adequately flush and clean fixtures. These tanks shall discharge not more than 1.6 gallons per flush, and shall have a 1.6-gallon water level marker permanently affixed on the inside of the tank.
Lavatories, bathtubs, and other plumbing fixtures, shall be equipped with water conservation faucets or devices which control the volume of water so that it does not exceed three gallons per minute.
Showers and showerheads shall be equipped with an approved water conservation device, which controls the volume of water so that it does not exceed three gallons per minute.
Sinks shall be equipped with an approved water conservation faucet or device, which controls the volume of water so that it does not exceed three gallons per minute.
The introduction of a new and/or replacement domestic water supply (water service) shall be controlled so that it does not exceed 60 pounds-per-square-inch (psi).
Except as already provided for by the previous subsections, all new and/or replacement plumbing fixtures and all points of domestic water discharge shall be equipped with water conservation type devices which control the volume of water so that it does not exceed three gallons per
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