ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2018 (IFC 2018)

Part I — Administrative

Part II — General Safety Provisions

Part III — Building and Equipment Design Features

Part IV — Special Occupancies and Operations

Part V — Hazardous Materials

Part VI — Referenced Standards

Part VII — Appendices

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

F- Section 101 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

F- 101.1 Title

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
These provisions shall be known as the Philadelphia Amendments to the International Fire Code and shall be cited as such and will be referred to herein as the "Philadelphia Fire Code" or "this code".

F- 101.2 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Philadelphia Fire Code establishes regulations affecting or relating to structures, processes, premises and safeguards regarding:
  1. The hazard of fire and explosion arising from the storage, handling or use of structures, materials or devices.
  2. Conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare in the occupancy of structures or premises.
  3. Fire hazards in a structure or on the premises from occupancy or operations.
  4. Matters related to the construction, extension, repair, alteration or removal of fire suppression or fire alarm systems.
  5. Conditions affecting the safety of fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.
The provisions in this code related to construction are regulated by the International Building Code with local and state amendments found in other Subcodes.

F- 101.2.1 Appendices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Provisions in the appendices shall not apply unless specifically adopted. Appendix O is adopted as a local Appendix.

F- 101.3 Intent

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The purpose of this code is to establish the minimum requirements consistent with nationally recognized good practice for providing a reasonable level of life safety and property protection from the hazards of fire, explosion or dangerous conditions in new and existing buildings, structures and premises and to provide safety to fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.

F- 101.4 Administrative Provisions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
This Chapter contains those provisions that are unique to the administration of this code. All other administrative provisions applicable to this code are as set forth in the Philadelphia Administrative Code.

F- 101.5 Codes Referenced

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where this code references any of the International Codes published by the International Code Council, it shall be assumed that the reference means the applicable Philadelphia code.

Section 102 Applicability

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

F- 102.1 Construction and Design Provisions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The construction and design provisions of this code shall apply to:
  1. Structures, facilities and conditions arising after the adoption of this code.
  2. Existing structures, facilities and conditions not legally in existence at the time of adoption of this code.
  3. Existing structures, facilities and conditions where required in Chapter 11.
  4. Existing structures, facilities and conditions that, in the opinion of the fire code official, constitute a distinct hazard to life or property.

F- 102.2 Administrative, Operational and Maintenance Provisions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply to:
  1. Conditions and operations arising after the adoption of this code.
  2. Existing conditions and operations.

F- 102.2.1 Operational Provisions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Operational provisions shall include, but are not limited to, requirements for: Storage, Signage (signs, placards and labels), Clearance from sources of ignition, Vehicle impact protection (Section 312), Hazards to fire fighters (Section 316), Fire apparatus access roads (Section 503), Premises identification (Section 505), Fire protection water supplies (Section 507), Portable unvented heaters (Section 603.4), Electrical equipment and wiring hazards (Section 604), Natural decorative vegetation (Section 806), Decorative materials and artificial decorative vegetation (Section 807), Portable fire extinguishers (Section 906), Fire department connections (Section 912), Maximum allowable quantity of hazardous materials per control area (Section 5003.1.1), and Hazardous material control areas (Section 5003.8.3),

F- 102.3 Application of Building Code

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The design and construction of new structures shall comply with the Philadelphia Building Code and any alterations, additions, changes in use or changes in structures required by this code, which are within the scope of the Philadelphia Building Code, shall be made in accordance with the Philadelphia Building Code.

F- 102.4 Application of Residential Code

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where structures are designed and constructed in accordance with the Philadelphia Residential Code, the provisions of this code shall apply as follows:
  1. Construction and design provisions of this code pertaining to the exterior of the structure shall apply including, but not limited to, premises identification, fire apparatus access and water supplies. Where interior or exterior systems or devices are installed, construction permits required by the Administrative Code shall apply.
  2. Administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply.

F- 102.5 Historic Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire code official is authorized to require that designated historic buildings be provided with an approved fire protection plan as required in Section 1103.1.1.

F- 102.6 Referenced Codes and Standards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be those that are listed in Chapter 80, and such codes and standards shall be considered to be part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference.

F- 102.6.1 Conflicts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where conflicts occur between provisions of this code and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.

F- 102.6.2 Provisions in Referenced Codes and Standards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a reference to a referenced code or standard includes subject matter that is within the scope of this code, the provisions of this code, as applicable, shall take precedence over the provisions in the referenced code or standard.

F- 102.7 Subjects Not Regulated by This Code

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where applicable standards or requirements are not set forth in this code, or are contained within other laws, codes, regulations, ordinances or bylaws adopted by the jurisdiction, compliance with applicable standards of the National Fire Protection Association or other nationally recognized fire safety standards, as approved, shall be deemed as prima facie evidence of compliance with the intent of this code. Nothing herein shall derogate from the authority of the fire code official to determine compliance with codes or standards for those activities or installations within the fire code official's jurisdiction or responsibility.

F- 102.8 Matters Not Provided For

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Requirements that are essential for the public safety of an existing or proposed activity, building or structure, or for the safety of the occupants thereof, that are not specifically provided for by this code, shall be determined by the fire code official.

F- 102.9 Conflicting Provisions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the specific requirement shall govern. Where, in a specific case, different sections of this code specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern.

F- 102.10 Other Laws

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this code shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.

F- 102.11 Application of References

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
References to chapter or section numbers, or to provisions not specifically identified by number, shall be construed to refer to such chapter, section or provision of this code.

Section 103 Unsafe Conditions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

F- 103.1 Hazardous Conditions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire code official in charge of a location that has hazardous conditions that present imminent danger to building occupants shall be authorized to order the immediate evacuation of any building that is deemed unsafe due to such hazardous conditions. Persons so notified shall immediately leave the structure or premises and shall not enter or re-enter until authorized to do so by the fire code official or the fire department official in charge of the incident.

F- 103.2 Fire Protection Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where any required fire protection system or part thereof becomes inoperative and affects the fire safety of a structure or the occupants therein, the fire code official shall order the system to be repaired and returned to service and is authorized to order the structure vacated until the inoperative system is repaired and returned to service.

Section 104 General Authority and Responsibilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

F- 104.1 Fire Investigations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire code official shall have the authority to investigate the cause, origin and circumstances of any fire, explosion or other hazardous condition. Information that could be related to trade secrets or processes shall not be made part of the public record except as directed by a court of law.

F- 104.1.1 Assistance From Other Agencies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Police and other enforcement agencies shall have the authority to render necessary assistance in the investigation of fires when requested to do so.

F- 104.2 Authority at Fires and Other Emergencies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. The fire department official in charge at the scene of a fire or other emergency involving the protection of life or property or any part thereof, shall have the authority to direct such operation as necessary to extinguish or control any fire, perform any rescue operation, investigate the existence of suspected or reported fires, gas leaks or other hazardous conditions or situations, or take any other action necessary in the reasonable performance of duty.
  2. The fire department official in charge at the scene of a fire or other emergency involving the protection of life or property or any part thereof, shall have the authority to direct uniformed Fire Department personnel, including but not limited to Firefighters and Fire Service Paramedics, to engage in such actions that are necessary in order to complete the assignment, including but not limited to fire rescue, fire abatement, and emergency medical services. Because of their legislative authority to act and actual participation in such operations, fire service paramedics shall continue to be considered firemen for the purposes of the act of June 24, 1968 (P.L.237, No. 111) referred to as the Policemen and Firemen Collective Bargaining Act.
  3. In the exercise of such power, the fire official is authorized to prohibit any person, vehicle, vessel or thing from approaching the scene and is authorized to remove, or cause to be removed or kept away from the scene, any vehicle, vessel or thing which could impede or interfere with the operations of the fire department and, in the judgment of the fire official, any person not actually and usefully employed in the extinguishing of such fire or in the preservation of property in the vicinity thereof.

F- 104.2.1 Barricades

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire department official in charge at the scene of an emergency is authorized to place ropes, guards, barricades or other obstructions across any street, alley, place or private property in the vicinity of such operation so as to prevent accidents or interference with the lawful efforts of the fire department to manage and control the situation and to handle fire apparatus.

F- 104.2.2 Obstructing Operations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall obstruct the operations of the fire department in connection with extinguishment or control of any fire, or actions relative to other emergencies, or disobey any lawful command of the fire department official in charge of the emergency, or any part thereof, or any lawful order of a police officer assisting the fire department.

F- 104.2.3 Systems and Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall render a system or device inoperative during an emergency unless by direction of the fire chief or fire department official in charge of the incident.

Section 105 Permits and Licenses

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

F- 105.1 Permits and Licenses Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits and licenses required by this code shall be obtained from the Department of Licenses and Inspections in accordance with this Chapter and the Philadelphia Administrative Code.

F- 105.1.1 Licenses

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Licenses issued pursuant to this code shall be issued for a period of one year and shall be renewed annually by the license holder.

F- 105.1.2 Operational Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Operational permits allow the applicant to conduct an operation or a business for a prescribed period. Such permits are not renewable.

F- 105.1.3 Assisted Operation Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An assisted operation permit provides for appropriate City agency assistance or oversight for the specified activities in Section F-105.8. Such permits are not renewable.

F- 105.1.4 Construction Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Construction permits authorize the installation or modification of systems and equipment. Such permits are subject to the provisions of Chapter 3 of the Administrative Code.

F- 105.2 Inspection Authorized

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Before a permit or license is approved, the fire code official is authorized to inspect the receptacles, buildings, devices, premises, storage spaces or areas to be used to determine compliance with this code or any operational constraints required.

F- 105.3 Conditions of a License or Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A license or permit issued pursuant to this code shall constitute permission to maintain, store or handle materials; or to conduct processes that produce conditions hazardous to life or property; or to install equipment utilized in connection with such activities; or to install or modify any fire protection system or equipment or any other construction, equipment installation or modification in accordance with the provisions of this code. Such permission shall not be construed as authority to violate, cancel or set aside any of the provisions of The Philadelphia Code and adopted regulations.

F- 105.4 Posting

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Issued permits and licenses shall be kept on the premises designated therein at all times and shall be readily available for inspection by the fire code official.

F- 105.5 Revocation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire code official is authorized to revoke a permit or license issued under the provisions of this code where it is found by inspection or otherwise that there has been a false statement or misrepresentation as to the material facts in the application or documents on which the permit, license or approval was based.

F- 105.6 Licenses Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The licenses required by Sections F-105.6.1 through F-105.6.7 shall be obtained from the Department of Licenses and Inspections in accordance with this Chapter and the Philadelphia Administrative Code prior to conducting the regulated activity at any premises. Licenses shall remain in effect until renewed annually or suspended or revoked by the fire code official.

F- 105.6.1 Required Hazardous Materials Handling Licenses

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Department of Licenses and Inspections is authorized to issue hazardous materials licenses for the manufacture or storage of the types and quantities of materials set forth in Sections F-105.6.1.1 through F-105.6.1.10. Such materials may also be subject to additional fees as established by Section F-5001.7.

F- 105.6.1.1 Aerosol Products

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A hazardous materials license is required to manufacture, store or handle an aggregate quantity of Level 2 or Level 3 aerosol products in excess of 500 pounds (227 kg) net weight.

F- 105.6.1.2 Battery Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A hazardous materials license is required to maintain stationary lead-acid battery systems having a liquid capacity of more than 50 gallons (189 L).

F- 105.6.1.3 Compressed Gases

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A hazardous materials license is required for the storage, use or handling at normal temperature and pressure (NTP) of compressed gases in excess of the amounts listed in Table F-105.6.1.3.

Exception: Vehicles equipped for and using compressed gas as a fuel for propelling the vehicle.


TABLE F-105.6.1.3
LICENSE AMOUNTS FOR COMPRESSED GASES
TYPE OF GAS AMOUNT (cubic feet at NTP)
Carbon dioxide used in carbon dioxide enrichment systems

875 (100 lbs.)

Carbon dioxide used in insulated liquid carbon dioxide beverage dispensing applications

875 (100 lbs.)

Corrosive

200

Flammable (except cryogenic fluids and liquefied petroleum gases)

200

Highly toxic

Any Amount

Inert and simple asphyxiant

6,000

Oxidizing (including oxygen)

504

Pyrophoric

Any Amount

Toxic

Any Amount

For SI: 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3.

F- 105.6.1.4 Cryogenic Fluids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A hazardous materials license is required to produce, store, transport on site, use, handle or dispense cryogenic fluids in excess of the amounts listed in Table F-105.6.1.4.

Exception: Vehicles equipped for and using cryogenic fluids as a fuel for propelling the vehicle or for refrigerating the lading.


TABLE F-105.6.1.4
LICENSE AMOUNTS FOR CRYOGENIC FLUIDS
TYPE OF CRYOGENIC FLUID INSIDE BUILDING (gallons) OUTSIDE BUILDING (gallons)
Flammable

More than 1

60

Inert

60

500

Oxidizing (includes oxygen)

10

50

Physical or health hazard not indicated above

Any Amount

Any Amount

For SI: 1 gallon = 3.785 L.

F- 105.6.1.5 Dry Cleaning Plants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A hazardous materials license is required where dry cleaning solvents are used at a dry cleaning plant.

F- 105.6.1.6 Explosives

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A hazardous materials license is required for the manufacture, storage, handling, use or sale of any quantity of explosive, explosive material, fireworks, or pyrotechnic special effects within the scope of Chapter 56. For the display of fireworks, in lieu of a hazardous material license, an Assisted Operation Permit shall be required in accordance with Section F-105.8. For the use of explosives, in lieu of a hazardous material license, an operational permit shall be required in accordance with Section F-105.7.1.

Exception: Consumer fireworks, 1.4G (Class C, Common), as regulated through licensure by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture pursuant to Act 43 of 2017, amending the Tax Reform Code of 1971 (72 P.S. §§ 9401 — 9416).

F- 105.6.1.7 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A hazardous materials license is required:
  1. To use or operate a pipeline for the transportation within facilities of flammable or combustible liquids. This requirement shall not apply to the offsite transportation in pipelines regulated by the Department of Transportation (DOTn) nor does it apply to piping systems.
  2. To store, handle or use Class I liquids in excess of 5 gallons (19 L) in a building or in excess of 10 gallons (37.9 L) outside of a building, except that a permit is not required for the following:
    1. The storage or use of Class I liquids in the fuel tank of a motor vehicle, aircraft, motorboat, mobile power plant or mobile heating plant, unless such storage, in the opinion of the fire code official, would cause an unsafe condition.
    2. The storage or use of paints, oils, varnishes or similar flammable mixtures where such liquids are stored for maintenance, painting or similar purposes for a period of not more than 30 days.
  3. To store, handle or use Class II or Class IIIA liquids in excess of 25 gallons (95 L) in a building or in excess of 60 gallons (227 L) outside a building, except for fuel oil used in connection with oil burning equipment.
  4. To store, handle or use Class IIIB liquids in tanks or portable tanks for fueling motor vehicles at motor fuel-dispensing facilities or where connected to fuel-burning equipment.

    Exception: Fuel oil and used motor oil used for space heating or water heating.
  5. To remove Class I or II liquids from an underground storage tank used for fueling motor vehicles by any means other than the approved, stationary on-site pumps normally used for dispensing purposes.
  6. To operate tank vehicles, equipment, tanks, plants, terminals, wells, fuel-dispensing stations, refineries, distilleries and similar facilities where flammable and combustible liquids are produced, processed, transported, stored, dispensed or used.
  7. To change the type of contents stored in a flammable or combustible liquid tank to a material that poses a greater hazard than that for which the tank was designed and constructed.
  8. To manufacture, process, blend or refine flammable or combustible liquids.
  9. To engage in the dispensing of liquid fuels into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments in accordance with Section 5706.5.4 or to engage in on-demand mobile fueling operations in accordance with Section 5707.
  10. To utilize a site for the dispensing of liquid fuels from tank vehicles into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles, marine craft and other special equipment at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments in accordance with Section 5706.5.4 or, where required by the fire code official, to utilize a site for on-demand mobile fueling operations in accordance with Section 5707.

F- 105.6.1.8 Hazardous Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A hazardous materials license is required to store, transport on site, dispense, use or handle hazardous materials in excess of the amounts listed in Table F-105.6.1.8 and for extremely hazardous substances in accordance with Section F105.6.8.

TABLE F-105.6.1.8
LICENSE AMOUNTS FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
TYPE OF MATERIAL AMOUNT
Combustible liquids   See Section F-105.6.1.7
Corrosive materials Gases See Section F-105.6.1.3
Liquids 55 gallons
Solids 1,000 pounds
Explosive materials   See Section F-105.6.1.6
Flammable materials Gases See Section F-105.6.1.3
Liquids See Section F-105.6.1.7
Solids 100 pounds
Highly toxic materials Gases See Section F-105.6.1.3
Liquids Any Amount
Solids Any Amount
Oxidizing materials (Gases)   See Section F-105.6.1.3
Oxidizing materials (Liquids) Class 4 Any Amount
Class 3 1 gallon a
Class 2 10 gallons
Class 1 55 gallons
Oxidizing materials (Solids) Class 4 Any Amount
Class 3 10 pounds b
Class 2 100 pounds
Class 1 500 pounds
Organic materials (Liquids) Class I Any Amount
Class II Any Amount
Class III 1 gallon
Class IV 2 gallons
Class V No Permit Required
Organic peroxides (Solids) Class I Any Amount
Class II Any Amount
Class III 10 pounds
Class IV 20 pounds
Class V No Permit Required
Pyrophoric materials Gases Any Amount
Liquids Any Amount
Solids Any Amount
Toxic materials Gases See Section F-105.6.1.3
Liquids 10 gallons
Solids 100 pounds
Unstable (reactive) materials (Liquids) Class 4 Any amount
Class 3 Any amount
Class 2 5 gallons
Class 1 10 gallons
Unstable (reactive) materials (Solids) Class 4 Any amount
Class 3 Any amount
Class 2 50 pounds
Class 1 100 pounds
Water-reactive materials (Liquids) Class 3 Any amount
Class 2 5 gallons
Class 1 55 gallons
Water-reactive materials (Solids) Class 3 Any amount
Class 2 50 pounds
Class 1 500 pounds
For SI: 1 gallon = 3.785 L, 1 pound = 0.454 kg.
  1. 20 gallons where Table 5003.1.1(1) Note k applies and hazard identification signs in accordance with Section 5003.5 are provided for quantities of 20 gallons or less.
  2. 200 pounds where Table 5003.1.1(1) Note k applies and hazard identification signs in accordance with Section 5003.5 are provided for quantities of 200 pounds or less.

F- 105.6.1.9 Magnesium

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A hazardous materials license is required to melt, cast, heat treat or grind more than 10 pounds (4.54 kg) of magnesium.

F- 105.6.1.10 Pyroxylin Plastics

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required for storage or handling of more than 25 pounds (11 kg) of cellulose nitrate (pyroxylin) plastics, and for the assembly or manufacture of articles involving pyroxylin plastics.

F- 105.6.2 Family Child Day Care

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A license to operate a Family Child Day Care Facility shall be obtained from the Department of Licenses and Inspections. Such license shall include an annual fire safety inspection. No license shall be issued under this section unless the applicant has secured a Commercial Activity License to the extent required by Title 19 of The Philadelphia Code and the applicant has met the requirements of Section 6-814 of The Philadelphia Code (Lead-Safe Certification for Family Child Day Care Facilities) and the requirements of this code.

F- 105.6.3 High-Rise Building

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A license is required to operate a high-rise building. Such license shall be obtained from the Department of Licenses and Inspections. The fire code official shall inspect high-rise buildings for compliance with this code. The owner, manager or operator of a high-rise building shall pay an annual license fee based on the gross square footage of floor area as set forth in the Philadelphia Administrative Code.

Exception: Portions of buildings that are subject to the rental license requirements of Section 9-3902 of The Philadelphia Code.

F- 105.6.4 Repair Garages and Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A license is required for operation of repair garages and automotive, marine and fleet motor fuel-dispensing facilities. This license shall be inclusive of the storage of hazardous materials (F-105.6.8)299 and cutting and welding operations (F-105.6.7) such that those additional licenses shall not also be required.

F- 105.6.5 Storage of Scrap Tires and Tire Byproducts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A license is required to establish, conduct or maintain storage of scrap tires and tire byproducts that exceed 2,500 cubic feet (71 m3) of total volume of scrap tires and for indoor storage of tires and tire byproducts. The Tire Dealer License required by Section 9-621 of The Philadelphia Code shall satisfy this requirement.

F- 105.6.6 Waste Handling

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A license is required for the operation of wrecking and salvage yards, salvage facilities and other waste material-handling facilities. The provisions of this code as well as those of Section 9-613 of The Philadelphia Code shall apply to this license. This license shall be inclusive of the storage of hazardous materials (F-105.6.8) and cutting and welding operations (F-105.6.7) such that those additional licenses shall not also be required.

F- 105.6.7 Cutting and Welding

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A license is required to conduct cutting or welding operations.

Exception: Cutting and welding performed as part of a permitted construction activity.

F- 105.6.8 Extremely Hazardous Substances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A license is required for quantities of extremely hazardous substances regulated by Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA Title III — also known as the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act) as listed in the United States Environmental Protection Agency's List of Lists. Such license is administered through the Office of Emergency Management.

F- 105.7 Required Operational Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Department of Licenses and Inspections is authorized to issue the required operational permits for the operations set forth in Sections F105.7.1 through F-105.7.3.

F- 105.7.1 Explosives

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required for the handling or use of any quantity of explosive, explosive material, fireworks, or pyrotechnic special effects within the scope of Chapter 56. For the display of fireworks an Assisted Operation Permit shall be required in accordance with Section F-105.8.

Exception: Consumer fireworks,1.4G (Class C, Common), as regulated by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture pursuant to Act 43 of 2017, amending the Tax Reform Code of 1971 (72 P.S. §§ 9401 — 9416).

F- 105.7.2 Temporary Tents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit is required to operate a temporary tent having an area in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2).

Exceptions:
  1. Tents used exclusively for recreational camping purposes.
  2. Funeral tents and curtains, or extensions attached thereto, when used for funeral services.
  3. Tents open on all sides which comply with all of the following:
    1. Individual tents shall have a maximum size of 700 square feet (65 m2).
    2. The aggregate area of multiple tents placed side by side without a fire break clearance of not less than 12 feet (3658 mm) shall not exceed 700 square feet (65 m2) total.
    3. A minimum clearance of 12 feet (3658 mm) to structures and other tents shall be provided.

F- 105.7.3 Open Burning

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An operational permit as required by Sections 307.2 and 308.2, in the form of written approval from the fire code official, is required for the kindling or maintaining of an open fire or a fire on any public street, alley, road, or other public or private ground. Instructions and stipulations of the permit shall be adhered to.

Exception: Recreational fires.

F- 105.8 Required Assisted Operation Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire code official is authorized to issue assisted operations permits for activities as set forth in Sections F-105.8.1 through F-105.8.2.

F- 105.8.1 Pyrotechnic Special Effects Material

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An Assisted Operation Permit is required for use and handling of pyrotechnic special effects material.

F- 105.8.2 Fireworks Display

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An Assisted Operation Permit is required for each event of indoor and outdoor use of fireworks. Where a single show has a series of performance dates in a theater, sports arena or similar venue, such series of dates shall be considered one event for the purposes of this permit, provided there is no change from the approved fireworks or pyrotechnic displays.

F- 105.8.2.1 Bond Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Pursuant to Act 43 of 2017, amending the Tax Reform Code of 1971 (72 P.S. §§ 9401 — 9416), a bond shall be submitted by the applicant in a sum not less than fifty thousand dollars $50,000 conditioned for the payment of all damages which may be caused to a person or property by reason of the display and arising from an act of the permit holder or an agent, an employee or a subcontractor of the permit holder.

F- 105.8.2.2 Extensions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Pursuant to Act 43 of 2017, amending the Tax Reform Code of 1971 (72 P.S. §§ 9401 — 9416), if, because of unfavorable weather, the display for which a permit has been granted does not occur at the time authorized by the permit, the person to whom the permit was issued may within 24 hours apply for an extension to the fire code official. Upon receiving the request for extension, the fire code official shall determine the validity of the request and, where approved, shall extend the provisions of the permit to the date designated within the request, which shall be not later than one week after the date originally designated in the permit. The extension of time shall be granted without the payment of an additional fee and without requiring a bond other than the bond given for the original permit, the provisions of which shall extend to and cover all damages which may be caused by reason of the display occurring at the extended date and in the same manner and to the same extent as if the display had occurred at the date originally designated in the permit.

F- 105.9 Required Construction Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Department of Licenses and Inspections is authorized to issue construction permits pursuant to Chapter 3 of the Administrative Code for work as set forth in Sections F-105.9.1 through F-105.9.14. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered to be a modification and does not require a permit.

Exception: Pursuant to the Pennsylvania Propane and Liquefied Petroleum Gas Act (35 P. S. § 1329.16), a construction permit is not required from the City of Philadelphia for installation of or modification to an LP-gas system. Such installations are regulated by the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry

F- 105.9.1 Automatic Fire-Extinguishing Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required for installation of or modification to an automatic fire-extinguishing system.

F- 105.9.2 Emergency Responder Radio Coverage System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required for installation of or modification to emergency responder radio coverage systems and related equipment. Approval of the Fire Department is required before a construction permit may be issued. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered to be a modification and does not require a construction permit.

F- 105.9.3 Fire Alarm and Detection Systems and Related Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required for installation of or modification to fire alarm and detection systems and related equipment.

F- 105.9.4 Fire Pumps and Related Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required for installation of or modification to fire pumps and related fuel tanks, jockey pumps, controllers and generators.

F- 105.9.5 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required:
  1. To install, repair or modify a pipeline for the transportation of flammable or combustible liquids.
  2. To install, construct or alter equipment, tanks, plants, terminals, wells, fuel-dispensing stations, refineries, distilleries and similar facilities where flammable and combustible liquids are produced, processed, transported, stored, dispensed or used.
  3. To install, alter, remove, abandon or otherwise dispose of a flammable or combustible liquid tank.

F- 105.9.6 Gates and Barricades Across Fire Apparatus Access Roads

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required for the installation of or modification to a gate or barricade across a fire apparatus access road.

F- 105.9.7 High-Piled Combustible Storage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required for the installation of or modification to structure exceeding 500 square feet (46 m2), including aisles, for high-piled combustible storage.

F- 105.9.8 Industrial Ovens

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required for installation of industrial ovens covered by Chapter 30.

F- 105.9.9 Outdoor Assembly Event

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Department of Licenses and Inspections is authorized to require a permit to conduct an outdoor assembly event where planned attendance exceeds 1,000 persons.

F- 105.9.10 Private Fire Hydrants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required for the installation or modification of private fire hydrants.

F 105.9.11 Smoke Control or Smoke Exhaust Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required for installation of or alteration to smoke control or smoke exhaust systems.

F- 105.9.12 Solar Photovoltaic Power Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required to install or modify solar photovoltaic power systems.

F- 105.9.13 Special Event Structure

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Department of Licenses and Inspections is authorized to require a permit to erect and take down a temporary special event structure pursuant to Section A-302.11 of the Administrative Code.

F- 105.9.14 Spraying or Dipping

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required to install or modify a spray room, dip tank or booth.

F- 105.9.15 Standpipe Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required for the installation, modification or removal from service of a standpipe system.

F- 105.9.16 Temporary Membrane Structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A construction permit is required to erect an air-supported temporary membrane structure in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2).

Section 106 Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

F- 106.1 Maintenance of Safeguards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where any device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, or any other feature is required for compliance with the provisions of this code, or otherwise installed, such device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, or other feature shall thereafter be continuously maintained in accordance with this code and applicable referenced standards.

F- 106.2 Testing and Operation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Equipment requiring periodic testing or operation to ensure maintenance shall be tested or operated as specified in this code.

F- 106.2.1 Test and Inspection Records

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Required test and inspection records and reports of same shall be available to the fire code official at all times. Such reports as the fire code official or this code designates, shall be submitted to the fire code official.

F- 106.2.2 Re-inspection and Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where any work or installation does not pass an initial test or inspection, the necessary corrections shall be made so as to achieve compliance with this code. The work or installation shall then be reinspected or re-tested and the results resubmitted to the fire code official as appropriate.

F- 106.3 Recordkeeping

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A record of periodic inspections, tests, servicing and other operations and maintenance shall be maintained on the premises or other approved location for not less than 3 years, or a different period of time where specified in this code or referenced standards. Records shall be made available for inspection by the fire code official, and a copy of the records shall be provided to the fire code official on request. The fire code official is authorized to prescribe the form and format of such recordkeeping. The fire code official is authorized to require that certain required records be filed with the fire code official and may impose a processing fee, not to exceed one hundred dollars ($100), that must be paid upon submission of the report.

F- 106.4 Supervision

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Maintenance and testing shall be under the supervision of a responsible person who shall ensure that such maintenance and testing is conducted at specified intervals in accordance with this code.

F- 106.5 Rendering Equipment Inoperable

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Portable or fixed fire-extinguishing systems or devices and fire-warning systems shall be provided with ready access and shall not be rendered inoperative except as necessary during emergencies, maintenance, repairs, alterations, drills or prescribed testing. The restoration of protection shall be diligently pursued.

F- 106.5.1 Fire Department Notification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Fire Department shall be notified by telephone at 215-922-6000 of the shutdown of any fire protection system that affects more than one story or more than 30,000 square feet on one story. This notification shall occur immediately upon knowledge of an unplanned loss of protection and prior to the interruption of protection in the case of tests, maintenance, repairs, alterations or additions. The notification shall include the extent of and reason for such interruption of protection and the anticipated length of outage. The Fire Department shall be notified again immediately upon restoration of service.

F- 106.6 Owner/Occupant Responsibility

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Correction and abatement of violations of this code shall be the responsibility of the owner. If an occupant creates, or allows to be created, hazardous conditions in violation of this code, the occupant shall also be held responsible for the abatement of such hazardous conditions.

F- 106.7 Overcrowding

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Overcrowding or admittance of any person beyond the approved capacity of a building or a portion thereof shall not be allowed. The fire code official, on finding any overcrowding conditions, or on finding any condition that constitutes a life safety hazard, in addition to any other remedy under this code, shall be authorized to cause the event to be stopped until such condition is corrected.

F- 106.8 Obstructions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Obstruction of aisles, passageways or other means of egress constitutes a violation of this code. Upon finding any obstruction in an aisle, passageway or other means of egress, or upon finding any condition that constitutes a life safety hazard, the fire code official, in addition to any other remedy under this code, is authorized to cause any event or activity to be stopped until such condition or obstruction is corrected.

Section 107 Appeals of Violations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

F- 107.1 Appeals and Requests for Variance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Violations of the Fire Code may be appealed by the owner of a property to the Fire Commissioner for relief from or time to correct the violations. To file an appeal the owner shall submit the appropriate appeal form and a check or money order in the amount specified in the Philadelphia Administrative Code within 30 days of the date of the Violation Notice. If the violation has been reviewed by Municipal Court or the Court of Common Pleas and has been sent to the Fire Commissioner for review, the owner shall comply with the time frame specified in the court's order. If an action desired by an owner would place the property in violation of this code, the owner may apply to the Fire Commissioner for a variance from code requirements. Appeals and requests for variance shall be heard by the Board of Safety and Fire Prevention. The board will make recommendations to the Fire Commissioner who will render a decision on the appeal or variance request.

F- 107.2 Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fee for filing an appeal shall be as set forth in Section A-904 of the Administrative Code.

Section 108 Board of Safety and Fire Prevention

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

F- 108.1 Board of Safety and Fire Prevention Authorized

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Pursuant to subsection 3-100(g) and Section 3-917 of the Philadelphia Home Rule Charter, the Mayor may, upon the recommendation of the Fire Commissioner or upon the Mayor's own volition, appoint a board to act in an advisory capacity to the Fire Department. This board shall be known as the Board of Safety and Fire Prevention and shall consist of a representative of the Fire Department, a representative of the Department of Licenses and Inspections, and five other members appointed by the Mayor. One of the five shall be a qualified fire protection engineer and another shall be a qualified fire protection specialist with a background in hazardous materials or in the petroleum industry. The remaining members shall be persons who are qualified by experience and training to deliberate matters pertaining to hazards of fire, explosion, hazardous conditions, fire protection systems and life safety.

F- 108.2 Duties of the Board

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Board of Safety and Fire Prevention shall act in an advisory capacity to the Fire Commissioner in matters of fire safety and fire prevention and as required under this Section.

F- 108.3 Appeals and Advice

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Board of Safety and Fire Prevention shall handle appeals as set forth in the Administrative Code and offer advice on interpreting this code and the regulations issued under it, suggest changes to the regulations and Code, suggest standards and procedures for good fire prevention practices, and offer advice as to standards of fire safety practice in the manufacture, storage, sale, transportation and use of new materials which are combustible, flammable, explosive, toxic or which may constitute a fire hazard.

Section 109 Reduction or Elimination of Life Safety and Fire Protection Services

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

F- 109.1 Limitation on Reductions or Eliminations of Fire Companies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Fire Department shall not temporarily or permanently reduce or eliminate any ladder or engine company situated in the City unless all of the following requirements have been met:
  1. The Fire Department has provided written notice of the proposed reduction or elimination to uniformed Fire Department personnel assigned to the affected company, to labor organizations representing those personnel and to members of the public served by the company where the proposed reduction or elimination will take place. The Fire Department may place an advertisement in a newspaper of general circulation within the affected area to provide the required public notice.
  2. The Fire Department has secured a comprehensive study to be conducted by an independent third party which shall include, but be not limited to, detailed projections of savings to be achieved by the proposed reduction or elimination, and analyses of the impact of the proposed reduction or elimination on emergency response time, delivery of emergency services to the public and the safety of firefighters. Once the study has been completed, it shall be made available to any interested party that requests a copy.
  3. The Fire Department has convened public hearings to receive feedback on the proposed reduction or elimination in firefighting and emergency services and the results of the study. The Fire Department shall accept written responses relating to the study's findings.

F- 109.1.1 Independent Third Party

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
As used in this subsection, the term "independent third party" shall refer to an individual, association or corporation that has experience in the areas of public safety and firefighting.

F- 109.2 Opposition to Reductions or Eliminations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When a labor organization representing uniformed Fire Department personnel registers its opposition to the findings contained within a study conducted under this subsection or to the proposed reduction or elimination of engine or ladder companies, through either oral testimony at a public hearing or in writing, the Fire Department shall not proceed with the reduction or elimination. Instead, the Fire Department must negotiate in good faith with the labor organization to resolve any disputes over public and firefighter safety arising from each proposed reduction or closure.

F- 109.3 Resolution of Disputes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
  1. In the event that the Fire Department and the labor organization representing the uniformed Fire Department personnel do not resolve all issues related to the proposed reduction or elimination of any fire company, the labor organization may, within ninety days of commencement of the negotiation, submit any unresolved issues to final and binding interest arbitration.
  2. Interest arbitration proceedings under this subsection shall be conducted before a three-person board of arbitrators, who will be selected utilizing the procedure under Section 4(b) of the Act of June 24, 1968 (P.L. 237, No. 111), referred to as the Policemen and Firemen Collective Bargaining Act. The determination of a majority of the board of arbitrators shall be final on the issue or issues in dispute and shall be binding upon the Fire Department.
  3. Each proposed company closure shall be subject to negotiation and arbitration, and no company may be reduced or eliminated absent an arbitration award concluding that the proposed reduction or elimination will not compromise fire personnel and public safety.

F- 109.4 Collective Bargaining

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Nothing in this subsection may be construed to:
  1. Preempt any provision in a mutually agreed upon or awarded collective bargaining agreement that provides for substantially the same or a greater right or protection for uniformed Fire Department personnel than that afforded under this Section; or
  2. Prohibit the negotiation of any additional right or protection for a uniformed Fire Department member who is subject to any collective bargaining agreement.
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