ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2009 (IFC 2009)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

901.1 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this chapter shall specify where fire protection systems are required in existing buildings and shall apply to the design, installation, inspection, operation, testing and maintenance of all fire protection systems.
The fire code official shall have the authority to require construction documents and calculations for all fire protection systems and to require permits be issued for the installation, rehabilitation or modification of any fire protection system. Construction documents for fire protection systems shall be submitted for review and approval prior to system installation.
Before requesting final approval of the installation, where required by the fire code official, the installing contractor shall furnish a written statement to the fire code official that the subject fire protection system has been installed in accordance with approved plans and has been tested in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications and the appropriate installation standard. Any deviations from the design standards shall be noted and copies of the approvals for such deviations shall be attached to the written statement.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 105.6 and 105.7.

901.4 Installation and Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire protection systems shall be maintained in accordance with the original installation standards for that system. Required systems shall be extended, altered or augmented as necessary to maintain and continue protection whenever the building is altered, remodeled or added to. Alterations to fire protection systems shall be done in accordance with applicable standards.

901.4.1 Required Fire Protection Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire protection systems required by this code shall be installed, repaired, operated, tested and maintained in accordance with this code and the appropriate section of Chapter 9 of the Philadelphia Building Code. Where there is a conflict between this code and the Philadelphia Building Code, this code shall be followed.

901.4.2 Nonrequired Fire Protection Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any fire protection system or portion thereof not required by this code or the Philadelphia Building Code shall be allowed to be furnished for partial or complete protection provided such installed system meets the requirements of this code and the Philadelphia Building Code.
In occupancies of a hazardous nature, where special hazards exist in addition to the normal hazards of the occupancy, or where the fire code official determines that access for fire apparatus is unduly difficult, the fire code official shall have the authority to require additional safeguards. Such safeguards include, but shall not be limited to, the following: automatic fire detection systems, fire alarm systems, automatic fire-extinguishing systems, standpipe systems, or portable or fixed extinguishers. Fire protection equipment required under this section shall be installed in accordance with this code and the applicable referenced standards.
Any device that has the physical appearance of life safety or fire protection equipment but that does not perform that life safety or fire protection function shall be prohibited.

901.4.5 Tagging of Equipment Installed or Serviced

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A tag shall be attached to each fire alarm system, automatic fire extinguishing system and standpipe system that is installed, repaired or serviced. The tag shall indicate the date of the work and the name, address and telephone number of the person or company that performed the work.

901.4.6 Maintaining Fire Protection Equipment Installed

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this chapter shall not be construed to allow the elimination or reduction of fire protection systems or equipment or a reduction in the level of fire safety where systems or equipment were installed in accordance with the current or a previous edition of the Philadelphia Building Code.
Fire detection and alarm systems, fire-extinguishing systems, fire hydrant systems, fire standpipe systems, fire pump systems, private fire service mains and all other fire protection systems and appurtenances thereto shall be subject to acceptance tests as contained in the installation standards and as approved by the fire code official. The fire code official shall be notified before any required acceptance testing.
It shall be unlawful to occupy any portion of a building or structure until the required fire detection, alarm and suppression systems have been tested and approved.

901.6 Inspection, Testing and Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire detection, alarm and extinguishing systems shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times, and shall be replaced or repaired where defective. Nonrequired fire protection systems and equipment shall be inspected, tested and maintained or shall be removed upon obtaining the required permit from the Department of Licenses and Inspections. Periodic testing of fire protection systems shall be in accordance with Section 915.

Fire protection systems shall be inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the referenced standards listed in Table 901.6.1.

TABLE 901.6.1
FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM MAINTENANCE STANDARDS
SYSTEM STANDARD
Portable fire extinguishers NFPA 10
Carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing system NFPA 12
Halon 1301 fire-extinguishing systems NFPA 12A
Dry-chemical extinguishing systems NFPA 17
Wet-chemical extinguishing systems NFPA 17A
Water-based fire protection systems NFPA 25
Fire alarm systems NFPA 72
Water-mist systems NFPA 750
Clean-agent extinguishing systems NFPA 2001
Records of all system inspections, tests and maintenance required by the referenced standards shall be maintained on the premises for a minimum of three years and shall be copied to the fire code official upon request.
Initial records shall include the name of the installation contractor, type of components installed, manufacturer of the components, location and number of components installed per floor. Records shall also include the manufacturers' operation and maintenance instruction manuals. Such records shall be maintained on the premises.

901.6.3 Test Responsibility and Notification

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire code official shall not be held responsible for any damages incurred during any test required under the provisions of this chapter. When the fire code official requests to be present for a test, the fire code official shall be notified not less than 48 hours before said test is conducted.

901.7 Systems Out of Service

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a required fire protection system is out of service, the fire department shall be notified immediately in accordance with, and under conditions specified in Section 106. Where required by the fire code official, the building shall either be evacuated or an approved fire watch shall be provided for all occupants left unprotected by the shut down until the fire protection system has been returned to service.

Where utilized, fire watches shall be provided with at least one approved means for notification of the fire department and their only duty shall be to perform constant patrols of the protected premises and keep watch for fires. In the event that the fire watch observes smoke or fire, the fire department shall be notified immediately. The fire department shall be notified upon the return of the system to service.

Where a fire watch is required the following are the requirements and duties of the fire watch:
  1. An adequate number of fire watch personnel shall be on duty to ensure that all areas of a property are inspected every 30 minutes. In multi-story buildings there shall be at least one fire watch for every five floors.
  2. At the beginning of the fire watch, fire watch personnel shall notify occupants of the temporary means by which they will be notified of the need to evacuate.
  3. Fire watch personnel shall inspect for smoke and fire, and when found, immediately notify the fire department (by telephone or through communication by portable radio to a constantly attended location from which notification to the fire department can be made) and conduct the evacuation of the property. A compressed air horn or other loud sounding device shall be used to alert occupants to evacuate the building if the fire alarm system is out of service.
  4. Fire watch personnel shall carry a flashlight where areas of the building are not lighted.
  5. Fire watch personnel shall be trained in their duties in accordance with Section 406.3.
  6. A log shall be maintained of fire watch activities, including patrols of assigned areas.
The building owner shall assign an impairment coordinator to comply with the requirements of this section. In the absence of a specific designee, the owner shall be considered the impairment coordinator.

901.7.2 Tag Required Identification of Fire Protection Equipment and Systems Out of Service

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A tag shall be used to indicate that a system, or portion thereof, has been removed from service. If the system out of service is a sprinkler or standpipe system, a sign stating "System out of service" shall be placed at the fire department connections.
The tag shall be posted at each fire department connection, system control valve, fire alarm control unit, fire alarm annunciator and fire command center, indicating which system, or part thereof, has been removed from service. The fire code official shall specify where the tag is to be placed.

Preplanned impairments shall be authorized by the impairment coordinator. Before authorization is given, a designated individual shall be responsible for verifying that all of the following procedures have been implemented:

  1. The extent and expected duration of the impairment have been determined.
  2. The areas or buildings involved have been inspected and the increased risks determined.
  3. Recommendations have been submitted to management or building owner/manager.
  4. The fire department has been notified.
  5. The insurance carrier, the alarm company, building owner/manager, and other authorities having jurisdiction have been notified.
  6. The supervisors in the areas to be affected have been notified.
  7. A tag impairment system has been implemented.
  8. Necessary tools and materials have been assembled on the impairment site.
When unplanned impairments occur, appropriate emergency action shall be taken to minimize potential injury and damage. The impairment coordinator shall implement the steps outlined in Section 901.7.4.

When impaired equipment is restored to normal working order, the impairment coordinator shall verify that all of the following procedures have been implemented:

  1. Necessary inspections and tests have been conducted to verify that affected systems are operational.
  2. Supervisors have been advised that protection is restored.
  3. The fire department has been advised that protection is restored.
  4. The building owner/manager, insurance carrier, alarm company and other involved parties have been advised that protection is restored.
  5. The impairment tag has been removed.

901.7.7 Fire Protection Systems in Vacant Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire protection systems in vacant buildings shall be maintained in accordance with Section F-311.2.2.
It shall be unlawful for any person to remove, tamper with or otherwise disturb any fire hydrant, fire detection and alarm system, fire suppression system, or other fire appliance required by this code except for the purpose of extinguishing fire, training purposes, recharging or making necessary repairs, or when approved by the fire code official.
Locks, gates, doors, barricades, chains, enclosures, signs, tags or seals which have been installed by or at the direction of the fire code official shall not be removed, unlocked, destroyed, tampered with or otherwise vandalized in any manner.
Any fire protection system component regulated by this code that is the subject of a voluntary or mandatory recall under federal law shall be replaced with approved, listed components in compliance with the referenced standards of this code. The fire code official shall be notified in writing by the building owner when the recalled component parts have been replaced.

901.10 Certification and Licensing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No person shall install, alter, repair, service or test fire alarm systems, automatic fire extinguishing systems, smoke control systems or standpipe systems unless that person is certified or licensed as required by the Philadelphia Code and the Philadelphia Administrative Code.

UpCodes note: This section was amended by Bill. No. 171112. The bill was approved on February 6, 2019.

901.10.1 Smoke Control Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Periodic testing of smoke control systems shall be performed by a Sheet Metal Systems Technician, certified by the Department of Licenses and Inspections pursuant to Chapter 9-3000 of The Philadelphia Code and employed by a contractor licensed in one of the following categories in accordance with Chapter 9 of The Philadelphia Code:
  1. Master Plumber (9-1003)
  2. Contractor (9-1004)
  3. Fire Suppression System Contractor (9-1005)
  4. Electrical Contractor (9-1006)

UpCodes note: There seems to be a typo in Bill No. 171112. This section references Chapter 9 of The Philadelphia Code. It might have meant Title 9 of The Philadelphia Code.

901.10.1.1 Additional Certification Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The Technician performing periodic testing of smoke control systems shall also hold a mechanical system testing certification from the Sheet Metal Industry International Certification Board (ICB) as a Fire Life Safety Level 2 Technician; a similar certification from an independent personal certification program approved by the Department; or certification as an air balancer from one of the following:
  1. Associated Air Balance Council (AABC);
  2. Testing & Balancing Bureau (TABB);
  3. National Environmental Balancing Bureau (NEBB); or
  4. National Balancing Council (NBC).

UpCodes note: This section was amended by Bill. No. 171112. The bill was approved on February 6, 2019.

901.11 Monitoring of Fire Protection Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire alarm systems and automatic fire extinguishing systems in existing buildings and structures shall be monitored in accordance with this section. Alarm, supervisory and trouble signals shall be distinctly different and shall be automatically transmitted to an approved supervising station or, when approved by the fire department, shall sound an audible signal at a constantly attended location.

901.11.1 Monitoring of Fire Alarm Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In buildings constructed on or after January 1, 2004, fire alarm systems shall be monitored in accordance with the Philadelphia Building Code in effect at the time of construction, but at a minimum in accordance with this section. In buildings constructed prior to January 1, 2004, containing a Group I or H occupancy or high-rise buildings, the fire alarm system shall be monitored in accordance with this section.

901.11.2 Monitoring of Fire Extinguishing Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Automatic fire extinguishing systems installed on or after March 1, 1991, and automatic fire extinguishing systems installed in Group H and I occupancies and high-rise buildings prior to March 1, 1991, shall be monitored in accordance with the Philadelphia Building Code in effect at the time of installation, but at a minimum in accordance with this section.

901.12 Testing and Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Testing and maintenance of fire protection systems shall be in accordance with Sections 901 and 915. Testing and maintenance of alternative automatic fire extinguishing systems, including commercial cooking appliance automatic fire extinguishing systems, shall also be in accordance with Section 904.

The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

ALARM NOTIFICATION APPLIANCE. A fire alarm system component such as a bell, horn, speaker, light or text display that provides audible, tactile or visible outputs, or any combination thereof.

ALARM SIGNAL. A signal indicating an emergency requiring immediate action, such as a signal indicative of fire.

ALARM VERIFICATION FEATURE. A feature of automatic fire detection and alarm systems to reduce unwanted alarms wherein smoke detectors report alarm conditions for a minimum period of time, or confirm alarm conditions within a given time period, after being automatically reset, in order to be accepted as a valid alarm-initiation signal.

ANNUNCIATOR. A unit containing one or more indicator lamps, alphanumeric displays or other equivalent means in which each indication provides status information about a circuit, condition or location.

AUDIBLE ALARM NOTIFICATION APPLIANCE. A notification appliance that alerts by the sense of hearing.

AUTOMATIC. As applied to fire protection devices, a device or system providing an emergency function without the necessity for human intervention and activated as a result of a predetermined temperature rise, rate of temperature rise or combustion products.

AUTOMATIC FIRE-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM. An approved system of devices and equipment which automatically detects a fire and discharges an approved fire-extinguishing agent onto or in the area of a fire.

AUTOMATIC SMOKE DETECTION SYSTEM. A fire alarm system that has initiation devices that utilize smoke detectors for protection of an area such as a room or space with detectors to provide early warning of fire.

AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEM. An automatic sprinkler system, for fire protection purposes, is an integrated system of underground and overhead piping designed in accordance with fire protection engineering standards. The system includes a suitable water supply. The portion of the system above the ground is a network of specially sized or hydraulically designed piping installed in a structure or area, generally overhead, and to which automatic sprinklers are connected in a systematic pattern. The system is usually activated by heat from a fire and discharges water over the fire area.

AVERAGE AMBIENT SOUND LEVEL. The root mean square, A-weighted sound pressure level measured over a 24-hour period, or the time any person is present, whichever time period is less.

CARBON DIOXIDE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM. A system supplying carbon dioxide (CO2) from a pressurized vessel through fixed pipes and nozzles. The system includes a manual- or automatic-actuating mechanism.

CLEAN AGENT. Electrically nonconducting, volatile or gaseous fire extinguishant that does not leave a residue upon evaporation.

CONSTANTLY ATTENDED LOCATION. A designated location at a facility staffed by trained personnel on a continuous basis where alarm or supervisory signals are monitored and facilities are provided for notification of the fire department or other emergency services.

DELUGE SYSTEM. A sprinkler system employing open sprinklers attached to a piping system connected to a water supply through a valve that is opened by the operation of a detection system installed in the same area as the sprinklers. When this valve opens, water flows into the piping system and discharges from all sprinklers attached thereto.

DETECTOR, HEAT. A fire detector that senses heat, either abnormally high temperature or rate of rise, or both.

DRY-CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING AGENT. A powder composed of small particles, usually of sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, urea-potassium-based bicarbonate, potassium chloride or monoammonium phosphate, with added particulate material supplemented by special treatment to provide resistance to packing, resistance to moisture absorption (caking) and the proper flow capabilities.

ELEVATOR GROUP. A grouping of elevators in a building located adjacent or directly across from one another that respond to a common hall call button(s).

EMERGENCY ALARM SYSTEM. A system to provide indication and warning of emergency situations involving hazardous materials.

EMERGENCY VOICE/ALARM COMMUNICATIONS. Dedicated manual or automatic facilities for originating and distributing voice instructions, as well as alert and evacuation signals pertaining to a fire emergency, to the occupants of a building.

FIRE ALARM BOX, MANUAL. See "Manual fire alarm box."

FIRE ALARM CONTROL UNIT. A system component that receives inputs from automatic and manual fire alarm devices and may be capable of supplying power to detection devices and transponder(s) or off-premises transmitter(s). The control unit may be capable of providing a transfer of power to the notification appliances and transfer of condition to relays or devices.

FIRE ALARM SIGNAL. A signal initiated by a fire alarm- initiating device such as a manual fire alarm box, automatic fire detector, waterflow switch or other device whose activation is indicative of the presence of a fire or fire signature.

FIRE ALARM SYSTEM. A system or portion of a combination system consisting of components and circuits arranged to monitor and annunciate the status of fire alarm or supervisory signal-initiating devices and to initiate the appropriate response to those signals.

[B] FIRE AREA. The aggregate floor area enclosed and bounded by fire walls, fire barriers, exterior walls or horizontal assemblies of a building. Areas of the building not provided with surrounding walls shall be included in the fire area if such areas are included within the horizontal projection of the roof or floor next above.

FIRE DETECTOR, AUTOMATIC. A device designed to detect the presence of a fire signature and to initiate action.

FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM. Approved devices, equipment and systems or combinations of systems used to detect a fire, activate an alarm, extinguish or control a fire, control or manage smoke and products of a fire or any combination thereof.

FIRE SAFETY FUNCTIONS. Building and fire control functions that are intended to increase the level of life safety for occupants or to control the spread of the harmful effects of fire.

[B] FIXED BASE OPERATOR (FBO). A commercial business granted the right by the airport sponsor to operate on an airport and provide aeronautical services such as fueling, hangaring, tie-down and parking, aircraft rental, aircraft maintenance and flight instruction.

FOAM-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM. A special system discharging a foam made from concentrates, either mechanically or chemically, over the area to be protected.

HALOGENATED EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM. A fire-extinguishing system using one or more atoms of an element from the halogen chemical series: fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine.

IMPAIRMENT COORDINATOR. The person responsible for the maintenance of a particular fire protection system.

INITIATING DEVICE. A system component that originates transmission of a change-of-state condition, such as in a smoke detector, manual fire alarm box, or supervisory switch.

MANUAL FIRE ALARM BOX. A manually operated device used to initiate an alarm signal.

MULTIPLE-STATION ALARM DEVICE. Two or more single-station alarm devices that can be interconnected such that actuation of one causes all integral or separate audible alarms to operate. It also can consist of one single-station alarm device having connections to other detectors or to a manual fire alarm box.

MULTIPLE-STATION SMOKE ALARM. Two or more single-station alarm devices that are capable of interconnection such that actuation of one causes the appropriate alarm signal to operate in all interconnected alarms.

NOTIFICATION ZONE. See "Zone, notification."

NUISANCE ALARM. An alarm caused by mechanical failure, malfunction, improper installation or lack of proper maintenance, or an alarm activated by a cause that cannot be determined.

RECORD DRAWINGS. Drawings ("as builts") that document the location of all devices, appliances, wiring, sequences, wiring methods and connections of the components of a fire alarm system as installed.

SINGLE-STATION SMOKE ALARM. An assembly incorporating the detector, the control equipment and the alarm-sounding device in one unit, operated from a power supply either in the unit or obtained at the point of installation.

[B] SLEEPING UNIT. A room or space in which people sleep, which can also include permanent provisions for living, eating, and either sanitation or kitchen facilities but not both. Such rooms and spaces that are also part of a dwelling unit are not sleeping units.

SMOKE ALARM. A single- or multiple-station alarm re- sponsive to smoke.

SMOKE DETECTOR. A listed device that senses visible or invisible particles of combustion.

STANDPIPE SYSTEM, CLASSES OF. Standpipe classes are as follows:

Class I system. A system providing 21/2-inch (64 mm) hose connections to supply water for use by fire departments and those trained in handling heavy fire streams.

Class II system. A system providing 11/2-inch (38 mm) hose stations to supply water for use primarily by the building occupants or by the fire department during initial response.

Class III system. A system providing 11/2-inch (38 mm) hose stations to supply water for use by building occupants and 21/2-inch (64 mm) hose connections to supply a larger volume of water for use by fire departments and those trained in handling heavy fire streams.

STANDPIPE, TYPES OF. Standpipe types are as follows:

Automatic dry. A dry standpipe system, normally filled with pressurized air, that is arranged through the use of a device, such as a dry pipe valve, to admit water into the system piping automatically upon the opening of a hose valve. The water supply for an automatic dry standpipe system shall be capable of supplying the system demand.

Automatic wet. A wet standpipe system that has a water supply that is capable of supplying the system demand automatically.

Manual dry. A dry standpipe system that does not have a permanent water supply attached to the system. Manual dry standpipe systems require water from a fire department pumper to be pumped into the system through the fire department connection in order to supply the system demand.

Manual wet. A wet standpipe system connected to a water supply for the purpose of maintaining water within the system but which does not have a water supply capable of delivering the system demand attached to the system. Manual wet standpipe systems require water from a fire department pumper (or the like) to be pumped into the system in order to supply the system demand.

Semiautomatic dry. A dry standpipe system that is arranged through the use of a device, such as a deluge valve, to admit water into the system piping upon activation of a remote control device located at a hose connection. A remote control activation device shall be provided at each hose connection. The water supply for a semiautomatic dry standpipe system shall be capable of supplying the system demand.

SUPERVISING STATION. A facility that receives signals and at which personnel are in attendance at all times to respond to these signals.

SUPERVISORY SERVICE. The service required to monitor performance of guard tours and the operative condition of fixed suppression systems or other systems for the protection of life and property.

SUPERVISORY SIGNAL. A signal indicating the need of action in connection with the supervision of guard tours, the fire suppression systems or equipment, or the maintenance features of related systems.

SUPERVISORY SIGNAL-INITIATING DEVICE. An initiating device such as a valve supervisory switch, water level indicator, or low-air pressure switch on a dry-pipe sprinkler system whose change of state signals an off-normal condition and its restoration to normal of a fire protection or life safety system; or a need for action in connection with guard tours, fire suppression systems or equipment, or maintenance features of related systems.

TIRES, BULK STORAGE OF. Storage of tires where the area available for storage exceeds 20,000 cubic feet (566 m3).

[B] TRANSIENT AIRCRAFT. Aircraft based at another location and is at the transient location for not more than 90 days.

TROUBLE SIGNAL. A signal initiated by the fire alarm system or device indicative of a fault in a monitored circuit or component.

VISIBLE ALARM NOTIFICATION APPLIANCE. A notification appliance that alerts by the sense of sight.

WET-CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING AGENT. A solution of water and potassium-carbonate-based chemical, potassium-acetate-based chemical or a combination thereof, forming an extinguishing agent.

WIRELESS PROTECTION SYSTEM. A system or a part of a system that can transmit and receive signals without the aid of wire.

ZONE. A defined area within the protected premises. A zone can define an area from which a signal can be received, an area to which a signal can be sent or an area in which a form of control can be executed.

ZONE, NOTIFICATION. An area within a building or facility covered by notification appliances which are activated simultaneously.

Section 903 Automatic Sprinkler Systems

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903.1 General

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903.1.1 Alternative Protection

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903.2 Where Required

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903.2.1 Group A

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903.2.1.1 Group A-1

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903.2.1.2 Group A-2

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903.2.1.3 Group A-3

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903.2.1.4 Group A-4

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903.2.1.5 Group A-5

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[F] 903.2.2 Group B Ambulatory Health Care Facilities

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903.2.3 Group E

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903.2.4 Group F-1

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903.2.4.1 Woodworking Operations

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903.2.5 Group H

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903.2.5.1 General

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903.2.5.2 Group H-5 Occupancies

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903.2.5.3 Pyroxylin Plastics

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903.2.6 Group I

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903.2.7 Group M

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903.2.7.1 High-Piled Storage

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903.2.8 Group R

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903.2.9 Group S-1

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903.2.9.1 Repair Garages

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903.2.9.2 Bulk Storage of Tires

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903.2.10 Group S-2 Enclosed Parking Garages

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903.2.10.1 Commercial Parking Garages

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903.2.11 Specific Building Areas and Hazards

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903.2.11.1 Stories Without Openings

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903.2.11.1.1 Opening Dimensions and Access

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903.2.11.1.2 Openings on One Side Only

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903.2.11.1.3 Basements

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903.2.11.2 Rubbish and Linen Chutes

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903.2.11.3 Buildings 55 Feet or More in Height

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903.2.11.4 Ducts Conveying Hazardous Exhausts

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903.2.11.5 Commercial Cooking Operations

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903.2.11.6 Other Required Suppression Systems

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903.2.12 During Construction

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903.3 Installation Requirements

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903.3.1 Standards

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903.3.1.1 NFPA 13 Sprinkler Systems

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903.3.1.1.1 Exempt Locations

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903.3.1.2 NFPA 13R Sprinkler Systems

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903.3.1.2.1 Balconies and Decks

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903.3.1.3 NFPA 13D Sprinkler Systems

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903.3.2 Quick-Response and Residential Sprinklers

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903.3.3 Obstructed Locations

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903.3.4 Actuation

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903.3.5 Water Supplies

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903.3.5.1 Domestic Services

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903.3.5.1.1 Limited Area Sprinkler Systems

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903.3.5.1.2 Residential Combination Services

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903.3.5.2 Secondary Water Supply

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903.3.6 Hose Threads

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903.3.7 Fire Department Connections

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903.4 Sprinkler System Supervision and Alarms

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

903.4.1 Monitoring

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

903.4.2 Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

903.4.3 Floor Control Valves

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

903.5 Testing and Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

903.6 Existing Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

903.6.1 Pyroxylin Plastics

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

903.6.2 Group I-2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 903 Automatic Sprinkler Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

903.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Automatic sprinkler systems shall comply with this section.

903.1.1 Alternative Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Alternative automatic fire-extinguishing systems complying with Section 904 shall be permitted in lieu of automatic sprinkler protection where recognized by the applicable standard and approved by the fire code official.

903.2 Where Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Approved automatic sprinkler systems in existing buildings and structures shall be provided in the locations described in Sections F-903.2.1 through F-903.2.7. Where a system is required to be installed to comply with this section it shall be installed in accordance with this section and Section 903 of the Philadelphia Building Code.

UpCodes note: This section was amended by Bill No. 180745. The bill was on approved December 19, 2018.

903.2.1 Pyroxylin Plastics

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout existing buildings where cellulose nitrate film or pyroxylin plastics are manufactured, stored or handled in quantities exceeding 100 pounds (45 kg). Vaults located within buildings for the storage of raw pyroxylin shall be protected with an approved automatic sprinkler system capable of discharging 1.66 gallons per minute per square foot (68 L/min/m2) over the area of the vault.

903.2.2 Basements Without Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Basements in existing buildings exceeding 2500 square feet (232 m2) without openings meeting the requirements of this section shall be equipped with an automatic sprinkler system.

Exceptions:
  1. Basements containing no occupancy or storage, excluding permanently installed building service equipment, but not excluding oil cooled electrical equipment.
  2. Group R-3 and Group U occupancies.
  3. Basements with openings meeting one of the following conditions:
    1. Doorway openings below grade that lead directly to ground level by an exterior stairway or outside ramp. The door openings shall be located in each 50 linear feet (15 240 mm), or fraction thereof, of exterior wall in the story on at least one side. The required openings shall be distributed such that the linear distance between adjacent openings does not exceed 50 feet (15 240mm), and all portions of the basement are located within 75 feet (22 860 mm) of a door opening.
    2. Openings entirely above the adjoining ground level totaling at least 20 square feet (1.86 m2) in each 50 linear feet (15 240 mm), or fraction thereof, of the exterior wall in the story on at least one side. The required openings shall be distributed such that the lineal distance between adjacent openings does not exceed 50 feet (15 240 mm) and all portions of the basement are located within 75 feet (22 860 mm) of an opening. The openings shall have a minimum dimension of not less than 30 inches (762 mm).

903.2.2.1 Accessible Basement Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Basement openings shall be accessible to the fire department from the exterior and shall not be obstructed in a manner that will impede fire fighting or rescue operations from the exterior. Materials permitted to be used to cover openings that will not impede fire department fire fighting and rescue are as follows:
  1. Doorway openings with doors of metal or wood.
  2. Doorway or other openings covered by any of the following materials:
    1. Wood not exceeding 3/4 inches (1905 mm) in thickness.
    2. Glass, Plexiglas, fiberglass or plastic not exceeding 1/4 inch (6 mm) in thickness.
    3. Metal sheeting not exceeding 1/8 inch (3 mm) in thickness.

903.2.3 High-Hazard Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An automatic fire extinguishing system shall be installed throughout existing high-hazard occupancies.

903.2.4 High-Rise Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An automatic fire extinguishing system shall be installed throughout existing high-rise buildings.

Exception: Portions of high-rise buildings occupied by Group R-2 occupancies without a change in occupancy since December 18, 1991 (Bill 1466).

903.2.4.1 High-Rise Group R-2 Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An automatic fire extinguishing system shall be installed in the following areas of existing Group R-2 occupancies in the portions of the high-rise building to which the requirements of Section F-903.2.4 do not apply:
  1. Basements in accordance with Section F-903.2.2 and F-903.2.7.
  2. Rooms used for storage where the floor area exceeds 120 square feet (11 m2).
  3. Trash and incinerator chutes and rooms.

    Exception to Item 3: In buildings where an automatic fire extinguishing system is not required throughout the building and where the trash chute access room or compartment is completely enclosed by fire barriers having a fire resistance rating of not less than one hour and is not used for the temporary or permanent storage of combustible materials, the automatic fire extinguishing system is not required in the access room or compartment.
UpCodes note: This section was amended by Bill No. 180745. The bill was on approved December 19, 2018.

903.2.5 Group I-2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout existing Group I-2 fire areas. The sprinkler system shall be provided throughout the floor where the Group I-2 occupancy is located, and in all floors between the Group I-2 occupancy and the level of exit discharge.

903.2.6 Group I-4 Child Care Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be installed throughout existing Group I-4 child care facilities.

Exception: Group I-4 child care facilities legally in existence prior to January 1, 1984, where all children less than 2 1/2 years of age are kept on the level of exit discharge.

903.2.7 Buildings 45 Feet or More in Height

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in the following areas of existing buildings that have one or more occupied floors located 45 feet (13 716 mm) or more above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access:
  1. Basements.
  2. The level of exit discharge.
Exceptions:
  1. Open parking structures.
  2. Occupancies in Group F-2.
  3. Occupancies in Group R-2.
  4. Buildings where all exterior walls have a fire separation distance of 5 feet (1524 mm) or greater.

UpCodes note: This section was amended by Bill No. 180745. The bill was on approved December 19, 2018.

903.2.7.1 Retrofit of Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Buildings required by this Section to have automatic sprinkler systems installed shall complete the required installation by December 31, 2021.

903.2.7.1.1 Required Compliance Documents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The owner of every building of 5 stories or more in height shall submit to the Department of Licenses and Inspections for approval one of the following by July 1, 2019:
  1. A written description of the methods and schedule for compliance with this Section.
  2. A site plan prepared by a registered design professional indicating that the fire separation distance of all exterior walls of the building are 5 feet (1524 mm) or greater and therefore the building is not subject to this Section.
  3. An elevation plan prepared by a registered design professional indicating that the existing building does not have one or more occupied floors located 45 feet (13 716 mm) or more above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.
  4. A statement sealed by a registered design professional indicating that the existing building meets an exception for occupancy and therefore the building is not subject to this Section.
  5. Proof that automatic sprinklers were previously installed in the areas required by this Section and have been certified pursuant to Section 915.

903.2.7.1.2 Retrofit Schedule

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Proof of compliance with the automatic sprinkler system installation requirements of this Section shall be submitted to the Department in the form of a certification pursuant to Section 915. The required certification shall be submitted prior to January 1, 2022.

903.3 Installation Requirements of Sprinkler Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Automatic sprinkler systems required to be installed to comply with this code shall be designed and installed in accordance with Sections F-903.3.1 through F-903.3.4.

UpCodes note: This section was amended by Bill No. 180745. The bill was on approved December 19, 2018.

903.3.1 Standards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Sprinkler systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with Section F-903.3.1.1.

903.3.1.1 NFPA 13 Sprinkler System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where the provisions of this code require that a building or portion thereof be equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with this section, sprinklers shall be installed throughout in accordance with NFPA 13.

Exception: Other types of automatic sprinkler systems or automatic suppression systems may be installed as permitted by Chapter 9 of the Philadelphia Building Code.

903.3.2 Hose Threads

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire hose threads and fittings used in connection with automatic sprinkler systems shall be as prescribed by the fire department.

UpCodes note: This section was amended by Bill No. 180745. The bill was on approved December 19, 2018.

903.3.4 Fire Department Connections for Sprinkler Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire department connections for sprinkler systems shall be in accordance with Section F-912.

UpCodes note: This section was amended by Bill No. 180745. The bill was on approved December 19, 2018.

904.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Automatic fire-extinguishing systems, other than automatic sprinkler systems, shall be in accordance with this section.

904.2 Where Required Approval of Alternative System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Automatic fire-extinguishing systems installed as an alternative to the required automatic sprinkler systems of Section 903 shall be approved by the fire code official. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall not be considered alternatives for the purposes of exceptions or reductions allowed by other requirements of this code.

904.2.1 Commercial Hood and Duct Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.3 Installation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.3.1 Electrical Wiring

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.3.2 Actuation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.3.3 System Interlocking

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.3.4 Alarms and Warning Signs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.3.5 Monitoring

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.3 Design and Installation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Automatic fire-extinguishing systems installed as an alternative to automatic sprinkler systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with Section 904 of the Philadelphia Building Code and the applicable referenced standards.

904.4 Inspection and Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.4.1 Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.4.2 Alarm Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.4.2.1 Audible and Visible Signals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.4.3 Monitor Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.4 Inspection, Testing and Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the provisions of this chapter (Sections 901 and 915, and 904 as applicable) and the applicable referenced standards.

904.5 Wet-Chemical Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Wet-chemical extinguishing systems shall be maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 17A and their listing.
Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 6-month intervals. Tests shall include a check of the detection system, alarms and releasing devices, including manual stations and other associated equipment. Extinguishing system units shall be weighed and the required amount of agent verified. Stored pressure-type units shall be checked for the required pressure. The cartridge of cartridge-operated units shall be weighed and replaced at intervals indicated by the manufacturer.
Fixed temperature-sensing elements shall be maintained to ensure proper operation of the system.

904.6 Dry-Chemical Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Dry-chemical extinguishing systems shall be maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 17 and their listing.
Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 6-month intervals. Tests shall include a check of the detection system, alarms and releasing devices, including manual stations and other associated equipment. Extinguishing system units shall be weighed, and the required amount of agent verified. Stored pressure-type units shall be checked for the required pressure. The cartridge of cartridge-operated units shall be weighed and replaced at intervals indicated by the manufacturer.
Fixed temperature-sensing elements shall be maintained to ensure proper operation of the system.

904.7 Foam Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Foam-extinguishing systems shall be maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 11 and NFPA 16 and their listing.
Foam-extinguishing systems shall be inspected and tested at intervals in accordance with NFPA 25.

904.8 Carbon Dioxide Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems shall be maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 12 and their listing.
Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals.
High-pressure cylinders shall be weighed and the date of the last hydrostatic test shall be verified at 6-month intervals. Where a container shows a loss in original content of more than 10 percent, the cylinder shall be refilled or replaced.
The liquid-level gauges of low-pressure containers shall be observed at one-week intervals. Where a container shows a content loss of more than 10 percent, the container shall be refilled to maintain the minimum gas requirements.
System hoses shall be examined at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be replaced or tested. At five-year intervals, all hoses shall be tested.
Hoses shall be tested at not less than 2,500 pounds per square inch (psi) (17 238 kPa) for high-pressure systems and at not less than 900 psi (6206 kPa) for low-pressure systems.
Auxiliary and supplementary components, such as switches, door and window releases, interconnected valves, damper releases and supplementary alarms, shall be manually operated at 12-month intervals to ensure that such components are in proper operating condition.

904.9 Halon Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Halogenated extinguishing systems shall be maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 12A and their listing.
Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals.
The extinguishing agent quantity and pressure of containers shall be checked at 6-month intervals. Where a container shows a loss in original weight of more than 5 percent or a loss in original pressure (adjusted for temperature) of more than 10 percent, the container shall be refilled or replaced. The weight and pressure of the container shall be recorded on a tag attached to the container.
System hoses shall be examined at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be replaced or tested. At 5-year intervals, all hoses shall be tested.
For Halon 1301 systems, hoses shall be tested at not less than 1,500 psi (10 343 kPa) for 600 psi (4137 kPa) charging pressure systems and not less than 900 psi (6206 kPa) for 360 psi (2482 kPa) charging pressure systems. For Halon 1211 hand-hose line systems, hoses shall be tested at 2,500 psi (17 238 kPa) for high-pressure systems and 900 psi (6206 kPa) for low-pressure systems.
Auxiliary and supplementary components, such as switches, door and window releases, interconnected valves, damper releases and supplementary alarms, shall be manually operated at 12-month intervals to ensure such components are in proper operating condition.

904.10 Clean-Agent Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Clean-agent fire-extinguishing systems shall be maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 2001 and their listing.
Systems shall be inspected and tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals.
The extinguishing agent quantity and pressure of the containers shall be checked at 6-month intervals. Where a container shows a loss in original weight of more than 5 percent or a loss in original pressure, adjusted for temperature, of more than 10 percent, the container shall be refilled or replaced. The weight and pressure of the container shall be recorded on a tag attached to the container.
System hoses shall be examined at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be replaced or tested. All hoses shall be tested at 5-year intervals.

904.11 Commercial Cooking Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The automatic fire-extinguishing system for commercial cooking systems shall be of a type recognized for protection of commercial cooking equipment and exhaust systems of the type and arrangement protected. New installations of preengineered automatic dry- and wet-chemical extinguishing systems shall be tested in accordance with UL 300 and listed and labeled for the intended application. New installations of other types of automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be listed and labeled for specific use as protection for commercial cooking operations. The system shall be installed in accordance with Chapter 9 of the Philadelphia Building Code, its listing and the manufacturer's installation instructions.

904.11.1 Manual System Operation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.11.2 System Interconnection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.11.3 Carbon Dioxide Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.11.3.1 Ventilation System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.11.4 Special Provisions for Automatic Sprinkler Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.11.4.1 Listed Sprinklers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.11.5 904.11.1 Portable Fire Extinguishers for Commercial Cooking Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Portable fire extinguishers shall be provided within a 30-foot (9144 mm) travel distance of commercial-type cooking equipment. Cooking equipment involving solid fuels or vegetable or animal oils and fats shall be protected by a Class K rated portable extinguisher in accordance with Sections F-904.11.1.1 or F-904.11.1.2, as applicable.

904.11.5.1 904.11.1.1 Portable Fire Extinguishers for Solid Fuel Cooking Appliances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All solid fuel cooking appliances, whether or not under a hood, with fireboxes 5 cubic feet (0.14 m3) or less in volume shall have a minimum 2.5-gallon (9 L) or two 1.5-gallon (6 L) Class K wet-chemical portable fire extinguishers located in accordance with Section F-904.11.1.

904.11.5.2 904.11.1.2 Class K Portable Fire Extinguishers for Deep Fat Fryers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When hazard areas include deep fat fryers, listed Class K portable fire extinguishers shall be provided as follows:
  1. For up to four fryers having a maximum cooking medium capacity of 80 pounds (36.3 kg) each: One Class K portable fire extinguisher of a minimum 1.5 gallon ( 6 L) capacity.
  2. For every additional group of four fryers having a maximum cooking medium capacity of 80 pounds (36.3 kg) each: One additional Class K portable fire extinguisher of a minimum 1.5 gallon (6 L) capacity shall be provided.
  3. For individual fryers exceeding 6 square feet (0.55 m2) in surface area: Class K portable fire extinguishers shall be installed in accordance with the extinguisher manufacturer's recommendations.

904.11.2 Testing and Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Testing and maintenance of commercial cooking appliance automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be in accordance with Sections 901, 904 and 915 and the applicable NFPA standard for the type of system.

904.11.6 Operations and Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

904.11.6.1 904.11.2.1 Existing Automatic Fire-Extinguishing Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where changes in the cooking media, positioning of cooking equipment or replacement of cooking equipment occur in existing commercial cooking systems, the automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be required to comply with the applicable provisions of Section F-904.11.

904.11.6.2 904.11.2.2 Extinguishing System Service

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be serviced at least every 6 months and after activation of the system. Inspection shall be by qualified individuals, and a certificate of inspection shall be forwarded to the fire code official upon completion.

904.11.6.3 904.11.2.3 Fusible Link and Sprinkler Head Replacement

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Fusible links and automatic sprinkler heads shall be replaced at least annually, and other protection devices shall be serviced or replaced in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

Exception: Frangible bulbs are not required to be replaced annually.

Section 905 Standpipe Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.2 Installation Standard

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.3 Required Installations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.3.1 Height

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.3.2 Group A

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.3.3 Covered Mall Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.3.4 Stages

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.3.4.1 Hose and Cabinet

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.3.5 Underground Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.3.6 Helistops and Heliports

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.3.7 Marinas and Boatyards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.4 Location of Class I Standpipe Hose Connections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.4.1 Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.4.2 Interconnection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.5 Location of Class II Standpipe Hose Connections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.5.1 Groups A-1 and A-2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.5.2 Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.5.3 Class II System 1-Inch Hose

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.6 Location of Class III Standpipe Hose Connections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.6.1 Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.6.2 Interconnection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.7 Cabinets

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.7.1 Cabinet Equipment Identification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.7.2 Locking Cabinet Doors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.8 Dry Standpipes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.9 Valve Supervision

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.10 During Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.11 Existing Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 905 Standpipe Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

905.1 Standpipes in Existing Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Standpipes systems in existing buildings shall be in accordance with Section 905. Where standpipes in an existing building exceed the requirements of this section, as a result of installation requirements by the current or a previous edition of the Philadelphia Building Code, the level of standpipe protection shall not be reduced, except as permitted by Section F-905.3.

905.2 Class I Standpipes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Class I standpipes shall be installed in existing buildings with occupied floors located more than 50 feet (15 240 mm) above or below the lowest level of fire department vehicle access. The standpipes shall have hose connections in each required exit stairway (stair tower, or vestibule where egress width requirements are not violated). Fire department connections shall be in accordance with Section 912. These requirements shall also apply to buildings that were granted variances prior to January 1, 2004, to omit standpipes from the required exit stairways.

905.2.1 Installation Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Class I standpipes required to be installed to comply with this section shall be installed in accordance with Section 905 of Chapter 9 of the Philadelphia Building Code. Class I manual dry standpipes are not permitted, except in open parking garages or by variance granted on or after January 1, 2004. The following are exceptions to the 100 pounds per square inch pressure requirement of NFPA 14 at the most remote hose connection. The exceptions do not apply to the flow requirements.

Exceptions:
  1. In existing buildings having the highest occupied floors located not more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access, Class I standpipe systems are permitted to be manual wet systems.
  2. Standpipe systems installed prior to January 1, 1995, that provide a residual pressure of 65 psi (448 kPa) or greater at the most remote hose connection are exempt from the requirement to provide a residual pressure of 100 psi (690 kPa) at the most remote hose connection.
  3. Standpipe systems with a residual pressure of less than 100 psi (690 kPa) at the most remote hose connection are permitted, provided that the pressure is sufficient to fill the system and the building is in accordance with Conditions 3.1 through 3.3.
    1. The building existed prior to January 1, 2004.
    2. The building is equipped throughout with an automatic fire extinguishing system.
    3. The floor level of the highest floor is not more than 150 feet (45 720 mm) above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

905.2.2 Existing Standpipe Hose Connection Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Existing Class I standpipe hose connections within required exit stairways (stair tower or vestibule) located on floor level landings are not required to be relocated to alternate floor level landings. Existing hose connections outside of exit stairways shall be relocated to within the exit stairway.

905.2.3 Orientation of Hose Connections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Class I standpipe hose connections shall have a minimum clearance of 8 inches (2032 mm) measured from the center of the hose connection in at least one plane to permit the fire department the option of attaching a wye fitting to use two 1-1/2 inch (38 mm) hoses in lieu of one 2-1/2 inch (63 mm) hose.

905.3 Class II Standpipe Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Existing Class II standpipes (also known as occupant use standpipes) shall be maintained. Removal of the hose or the entire system shall be permitted in accordance with the following:

905.3.1 Removal of Class II Hose

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Removal of hose from a Class II or Class III standpipe system is permitted in buildings equipped with a wet or automatic or semi-automatic dry Class I standpipe system or the building is not required to have a Class I system based on Section F-905.2.

905.3.2 Removal of Class II System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Removal of a Class II standpipe system is permitted in buildings equipped with a wet or automatic or semi-automatic dry Class I standpipe system or the building is not required to have a Class I standpipe system based on Section F-905.2 and not required to have a Class II standpipe system in the locations where they exist based on the Philadelphia Building Code.
Portable fire extinguishers shall be installed in the following locations.
  1. In new and existing Group A, B, E, F, H, I, M, R-1, R-2, R-4 and S occupancies.
    Exception: In new and existing Group A, B and E occupancies equipped throughout with quick-response sprinklers, portable fire extinguishers shall be required only in locations specified in Items 2 through 6.
  2. Within 30 feet (9144 mm) of commercial cooking equipment.
  3. In areas where flammable or combustible liquids are stored, used or dispensed.
  4. On each floor of structures under construction, except Group R-3 occupancies, in accordance with Section 1415.1.
  5. Where required by the sections indicated in Table 906.1.
  6. Special-hazard areas, including but not limited to laboratories, computer rooms and generator rooms, where required by the fire code official.
TABLE 906.1
ADDITIONAL REQUIRED PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS

SECTION

SUBJECT

303.5

Asphalt kettles

307.5

Open burning

308.1.3

Open flames—torches

309.4

Powered industrial trucks

1105.2

Aircraft towing vehicles

1105.3

Aircraft welding apparatus

1105.4

Aircraft fuel-servicing tank vehicles

1105.5

Aircraft hydrant fuel-servicing vehicles

1105.6

Aircraft fuel-dispensing stations

1107.7

Heliports and helistops

1208.4

Dry cleaning plants

1415.1

Buildings under construction or demolition

1417.3

Roofing operations

1504.4.1

Spray-finishing operations

1505.4.2

Dip-tank operations

1506.4.2

Powder-coating areas

1904.2

Lumberyards/woodworking facilities

1908.8

Recycling facilities

1909.5

Exterior lumber storage

2003.5

Organic-coating areas

2106.3

Industrial ovens

2205.5

Motor fuel-dispensing facilities

2210.6.4

Marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities

2211.6

Repair garages

2306.10

Rack storage

2404.12

Tents and membrane structures

2508.2

Tire rebuilding/storage

2604.2.6

Welding and other hot work

2903.6

Combustible fibers

3403.2.1

Flammable and combustible liquids, general

3404.3.3.1

Indoor storage of flammable and combustible liquids

3404.3.7.5.2

Liquid storage rooms for flammable and combustible liquids

3405.4.9

Solvent distillation units

3406.2.7

Farms and construction sites—flammable and combustible liquids storage

3406.4.10.1

Bulk plants and terminals for flammable and combustible liquids

3406.5.4.5

Commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments—fuel dispensing

3406.6.4

Tank vehicles for flammable and combustible liquids

3606.5.7

Flammable solids

3808.2

LP-gas

4504.4

Marinas

906.2 General Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Portable fire extinguishers shall be selected, installed and maintained in accordance with this section and NFPA 10. A tag shall be attached to each fire extinguisher indicating inspections and maintenance performed during the past 12 months.

Exceptions:
  1. The travel distance to reach an extinguisher shall not apply to the spectator seating portions of Group A-5 occupancies.
  2. Thirty-day inspections shall not be required and maintenance shall be allowed to be once every three years for dry-chemical or halogenated agent portable fire extinguishers that are supervised by a listed and approved electronic monitoring device, provided that all of the following conditions are met:
    1. Electronic monitoring shall confirm that extinguishers are properly positioned, properly charged and unobstructed.
    2. Loss of power or circuit continuity to the electronic monitoring device shall initiate a trouble signal.
    3. The extinguishers shall be installed inside of a building or cabinet in a noncorrosive environment.
    4. Electronic monitoring devices and supervisory circuits shall be tested every three years when extinguisher maintenance is performed.
    5. A written log of required hydrostatic test dates for extinguishers shall be maintained by the owner to verify that hydrostatic tests are conducted at the frequency required by NFPA 10.
  3. In Group I-3, portable fire extinguishers shall be permitted to be located at staff locations.

906.3 Size and Distribution

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
ILLUSTRATION
The size and distribution of portable fire extinguishers shall be in accordance with Sections F-906.3.1 through F-906.3.4.
TABLE 906.3(1)
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS FOR CLASS A FIRE HAZARDS
  LIGHT
(Low)
HAZARD OCCUPANCY
ORDINARY (Moderate) HAZARD OCCUPANCY EXTRA
(High)
HAZARD OCCUPANCY
Minimum Rated Single Extinguisher 2-Ac 2-A 4-Aa
Maximum Floor Area Per Unit of A 3,000
square feet
1,500
square feet
1,000
square feet
Maximum Floor Area For Extinguisherb 11,250
square feet
11,250
square feet
11,250
square feet
Maximum Travel Distance to Extinguisher 75 feet 75 feet 75 feet
For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2, 1 gallon = 3.785 L.
  1. Two 21/2-gallon water-type extinguishers shall be deemed the equivalent of one 4-A rated extinguisher.
  2. Annex E.3.3 of NFPA 10 provides more details concerning application of the maximum floor area criteria.
  3. Two water-type extinguishers each with a 1-A rating shall be deemed the equivalent of one 2-A rated extinguisher for Light (Low) Hazard Occupancies.
TABLE 906.3(2)
FLAMMABLE OR COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS WITH DEPTHS OF LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 0.25-INCH
TYPE OF HAZARD BASIC MINIMUM EXTINGUISHER RATING MAXIMUM TRAVEL DISTANCE TO EXTINGUISHERS
(feet)
Light (Low) 5-B
10-B
30
50
Ordinary (Moderate) 10-B
20-B
30
50
Extra (High) 40-B
80-B
30
50
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
NOTE. For requirements on water-soluble flammable liquids and alternative sizing criteria, see Section 5.5 of NFPA 10.

Portable fire extinguishers for occupancies that involve primarily Class A fire hazards, the minimum sizes and distribution shall comply with Table 906.3(1).

Portable fire extinguishers for occupancies involving flammable or combustible liquids with depths of less than or equal to 0.25-inch (6.35 mm) shall be selected and placed in accordance with Table 906.3(2).

Portable fire extinguishers for occupancies involving flammable or combustible liquids with a depth of greater than 0.25-inch (6.35 mm) shall be selected and placed in accordance with NFPA 10.

Portable fire extinguishers for Class C fire hazards shall be selected and placed on the basis of the anticipated Class A or B hazard.
Portable fire extinguishers for occupancies involving combustible metals shall be selected and placed in accordance with NFPA 10.
Fire extinguishers provided for the protection of cooking grease fires shall be of an approved type compatible with the automatic fire-extinguishing system agent and in accordance with Section 904.11.5.
Portable fire extinguishers shall be located in conspicuous locations where they will be readily accessible and immediately available for use. These locations shall be along normal paths of travel, unless the fire code official determines that the hazard posed indicates the need for placement away from normal paths of travel.
Portable fire extinguishers shall not be obstructed or obscured from view. In rooms or areas in which visual obstruction cannot be completely avoided, means shall be provided to indicate the locations of extinguishers.
Hand-held portable fire extinguishers, not housed in cabinets, shall be installed on the hangers or brackets supplied. Hangers or brackets shall be securely anchored to the mounting surface in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

Cabinets used to house portable fire extinguishers shall not be locked.

Exceptions:
  1. Where portable fire extinguishers subject to malicious use or damage are provided with a means of ready access.
  2. In Group I-3 occupancies and in mental health areas in Group I-2 occupancies, access to portable fire extinguishers shall be permitted to be locked or to be located in staff locations provided the staff has keys.
The installation of portable fire extinguishers shall be in accordance with Sections 906.9.1 through 906.9.3.
Portable fire extinguishers having a gross weight not exceeding 40 pounds (18 kg) shall be installed so that their tops are not more than 5 feet (1524 mm) above the floor.
Hand-held portable fire extinguishers having a gross weight exceeding 40 pounds (18 kg) shall be installed so that their tops are not more than 3.5 feet (1067 mm) above the floor.
The clearance between the floor and the bottom of installed hand-held portable fire extinguishers shall not be less than 4 inches (102 mm).
Wheeled fire extinguishers shall be conspicuously located in a designated location.

Section 907 Fire Alarm and Detection Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.1 General

AMENDMENT
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907.1.1 Construction Documents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.1.2 Fire Alarm Shop Drawings

AMENDMENT
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907.1.3 Equipment

AMENDMENT
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907.2 Where Required—New Buildings and Structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.1 Group A

AMENDMENT
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907.2.1.1 System Initiation in Group A Occupancies With an Occupant Load of 1,000 or More

AMENDMENT
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907.2.2 Group B

AMENDMENT
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907.2.2.1 Group B Ambulatory Health Care Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.3 Group E

AMENDMENT
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907.2.4 Group F

AMENDMENT
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907.2.5 Group H

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.6 Group I

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.6.1 Group I-1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.6.1.1 Smoke Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.6.2 Group I-2

AMENDMENT
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907.2.6.3 Group I-3 Occupancies

AMENDMENT
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907.2.6.3.1 System Initiation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.6.3.2 Manual Fire Alarm Boxes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.6.3.2.1 Manual Fire Alarms Boxes in Detainee Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.6.3.3 Automatic Smoke Detection System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.7 Group M

AMENDMENT
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907.2.7.1 Occupant Notification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.8 Group R-1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.8.1 Manual Fire Alarm System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.8.2 Automatic Smoke Detection System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.8.3 Smoke Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.9 Group R-2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.9.1 Manual Fire Alarm System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.9.2 Smoke Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.10 Group R-4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.10.1 Manual Fire Alarm System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.10.2 Automatic Smoke Detection System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.10.3 Smoke Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.11 Single- And Multiple-Station Smoke Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.11.1 Group R-1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.11.2 Groups R-2, R-3, R-4 and I-1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.11.3 Interconnection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.11.4 Power Source

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.12 Special Amusement Buildings

AMENDMENT
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907.2.12.1 Alarm

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.12.2 System Response

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.12.3 Emergency Voice/Alarm Communication System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.13 High-Rise Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.13.1 Automatic Smoke Detection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.13.1.1 Area Smoke Detection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.13.1.2 Duct Smoke Detection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.13.2 Fire Department Communication System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.14 Atriums Connecting More Than Two Stories

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.15 High-Piled Combustible Storage Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.16 Aerosol Storage Uses

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.17 Lumber, Wood Structural Panel and Veneer Mills

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.18 Underground Buildings With Smoke Control Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.18.1 Smoke Detectors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.18.2 Alarm Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.19 Deep Underground Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.20 Covered Mall Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.21 Residential Aircraft Hangars

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.22 Airport Traffic Control Towers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.2.23 Battery Rooms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.3 Where Required in Existing Buildings and Structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.4 Fire Safety Functions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.4.1 Duct Smoke Detectors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.4.2 Delayed Egress Locks

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.4.3 Elevator Emergency Operation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.4.4 Wiring

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.5 Initiating Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.5.1 Protection of Fire Alarm Control Unit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.5.2 Manual Fire Alarm Boxes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.5.2.1 Location

AMENDMENT
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907.5.2.2 Height

AMENDMENT
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907.5.2.3 Color

AMENDMENT
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907.5.2.4 Signs

AMENDMENT
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907.5.2.5 Protective Covers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.5.3 Automatic Smoke Detection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.5.3.1 Automatic Sprinkler System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6 Occupant Notification Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.1 Presignal Feature

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2 Alarm Notification Appliances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.1 Audible Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.1.1 Average Sound Pressure

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.1.2 Maximum Sound Pressure

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.2 Emergency Voice/Alarm Communication Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.2.1 Manual Override

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.2.2 Live Voice Messages

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.2.3 Alternate Uses

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.2.4 Emergency Power

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.3 Visible Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.3.1 Public and Common Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.3.2 Employee Work Areas

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.3.3 Groups I-1 and R-1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.6.2.3.4 Group R-2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.7 Installation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.7.1 Wiring

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.7.2 Power Supply

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.7.3 Zones

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.7.3.1 Zoning Indicator Panel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.7.3.2 High-Rise Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.7.4 Access

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.7.5 Monitoring

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.7.5.1 Automatic Telephone-Dialing Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.8 Acceptance Tests and Completion

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.8.1 Single- And Multiple-Station Alarm Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.8.2 Record of Completion

AMENDMENT
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907.8.3 Instructions

AMENDMENT
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907.9 Inspection, Testing and Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.9.1 Maintenance Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.9.2 Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.9.3 Smoke Detector Sensitivity

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.9.4 Method

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.9.4.1 Testing Device

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.9.5 Maintenance, Inspection and Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 907 Fire Alarm and Detection Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

907.1 Fire Alarm Systems in Existing Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire alarm systems in existing buildings and structures shall be in accordance with Section 907. Where an existing building or structure does not have a fire alarm system in accordance with Section 907, the type of system required by Section 907 shall be installed in accordance with the appropriate subsection of Section 907 of the Philadelphia Building Code. These requirements shall not be construed to permit the reduction or elimination of fire alarm systems exceeding the requirements of Section 907 as a result of compliance with the current or a previous edition of the Philadelphia Building Code.

907.1.1 Group A Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A manual fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group A-1, A-2 and A-3 occupancies with an occupant load of 300 or more and in all Special Assembly Occupancies in accordance with the Philadelphia Building Code, Section 907.2.1, excluding Section 907.2.1.1. In Special Assembly Occupancies a shut-off (shunt trip) device shall be provided to shut off electricity to circuits controlling audio equipment in the facility upon activation of the fire alarm system or automatic sprinkler system.

907.1.2 Group E

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A manual fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group E occupancies in accordance with Section 907.2.3 of the Philadelphia Building Code.

Exceptions:
  1. A manual fire alarm system is not required in a building with an area of 1,000 square feet (93 m2) that contains a single classroom and is located no closer than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from another building.
  2. A manual fire alarm system is not required in Group E occupancies with an occupant load less than 50, provided that one interconnected smoke alarm is installed in each classroom or child care area.
  3. Group E occupancies operated in Group R-3 occupancies are not required to have a manual fire alarm system provided that the building has the fire protection equipment required by Section 409.

907.1.3 Group H

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A manual fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group H occupancies in accordance with Section F-907.5. An automatic smoke detection system shall be installed in occupancies with highly toxic gases, organic peroxides and oxidizers in accordance with Chapters 37, 39 and 40 respectively.

907.1.4 Group I-1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A manual and automatic fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group I-1 residential living facilities. The manual system shall be installed in accordance with Section 907.2.6 of the Philadelphia Building Code. The automatic fire alarm system shall be installed in accordance with Section 907.2.6.1 of the Philadelphia Building Code.

Exception: In Group I-1 occupancies protected throughout with an automatic sprinkler system, automatic fire detection is not required.

907.1.5 Group I-2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A manual and automatic fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group I-2 occupancies. The manual system shall be installed in accordance with Section 907.2.6 of the Philadelphia Building Code. The automatic system shall be installed in accordance with Section 907.2.6.2 of the Philadelphia Building Code.

Exceptions: Automatic fire detection is not required in existing Group I-2 occupancies protected throughout by an automatic sprinkler system.

907.1.6 Group I-3

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An automatic and manual fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group I-3 occupancies in accordance with Section 907.2.6.3 of the Philadelphia Building Code.

907.1.7 Group I-4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An automatic and manual fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group I-4 occupancies in accordance with Section F-907.1.4.

907.1.8 Group R-1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group R-1 occupancies in accordance with Sections F-907.1.8.1 through F-907.1.8.2.2 and smoke alarms shall be installed in accordance with Section F-907.2.

907.1.8.1 Group R-1 Hotel and Motel Manual and Automatic Fire Alarm System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A manual and automatic (smoke detection) fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group R-1 hotels and motels in accordance with Sections F-907.1.8.1.1 and F-907.1.8.1.2

907.1.8.1.1 Group R-1 Hotel and Motel Manual Fire Alarm System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A manual fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group R-1 hotels and motels.

Exceptions:
  1. Buildings less than two stories in height where all sleeping units, attics and crawl spaces are separated by 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction and each sleeping unit has direct access to a public way, exit court or yard.
  2. Manual fire alarm boxes are not required throughout the building when in accordance with Conditions 2.1 through 2.3.
    1. The building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system.
    2. The notification appliances will activate upon sprinkler water flow.
    3. At least one manual fire alarm box is installed at an approved location.

907.1.8.1.2 Group R-1 Hotel and Motel Automatic Fire Alarm System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An automatic fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group R-1 hotels and motels throughout all interior corridors serving sleeping rooms not equipped with a supervised, automatic sprinkler system.

Exception: An automatic fire alarm system is not required in buildings that do not have interior corridors serving sleeping units and where each sleeping unit has a means of egress door opening directly to an exit or to an exterior exit access that leads directly to an exit.

907.1.8.2 Group R-1 Boarding and Rooming Houses Manual and Automatic Fire Alarm System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A manual and automatic (smoke detection) fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group R-1 boarding and rooming houses in accordance with Sections F-907.1.8.2.1 and F-907.1.8.2.2.

907.1.8.2.1 Group R-1 Boarding and Rooming Houses Manual Fire Alarm System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A manual fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group R-1 boarding and rooming houses.

Exception: Buildings less than two stories in height where all sleeping units, attics and crawl spaces are separated by 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction and each sleeping unit has direct access to a public way, exit court or yard.

907.1.8.2.2 Group R-1 Boarding and Rooming Houses Automatic Fire Alarm System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An automatic fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group R-l boarding and rooming houses throughout all interior corridors serving sleeping units not equipped with a supervised, automatic sprinkler system.

Exception: Buildings equipped with hard-wired, single-station smoke alarms meeting or exceeding the requirements of Section 907.2.11 of the Philadelphia Building Code and where the fire alarm system includes at least one manual fire alarm box per floor arranged to initiate the alarm.

907.1.9 Group R-2

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A manual and automatic fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group R-2 occupancies. The automatic detection shall be smoke detectors installed throughout the common areas and basement.

Exceptions:
  1. Where each living unit is separated from other contiguous living units by fire barriers having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 0.75 hour, and where each living unit has either its own independent exit or its own independent stairway or ramp discharging at grade.
  2. A separate fire alarm system is not required in buildings that are equipped throughout with a supervised, automatic sprinkler system and have a local alarm to notify all occupants.
  3. A fire alarm system is not required in buildings that do not have interior corridors serving dwelling units and are protected by an automatic sprinkler system, provided that dwelling units either have a means of egress door opening directly to an exterior exit access that leads directly to the exits or are served by open-ended corridors.

907.1.10 Group R-1, R-2 and R-3 Congregate Living Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Existing Group R-1 and R-2 congregate living facilities shall have hard-wired, interconnected smoke alarms installed in accordance with NFPA 72 and Section 907.2.10.1 or 907.2.10.2 as applicable of the Philadelphia Building Code. (Group R-l congregate living is more than 10 and Group R-2 congregate living is more than 16 occupants. See Chapter 2 under Occupancy Classifications for the complete definition of Group R-1 and R-2 congregate living facilities.) Existing Group R-3 congregate living facilities shall have hard-wired, interconnected smoke alarms installed in accordance with F-907.1.10.1.

UpCodes note: This section was amended by Bill. No. 180464. The bill became effective October 1, 2018.

907.1.10.1 Hard-Wired and Interconnected Smoke Alarms in Existing Group R-3 Congregate Living Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In addition to the requirements of Section F-907.2, hard-wired, interconnected smoke alarms complying with UL 217 shall be installed in accordance with Sections F-907.1.10.1.1 through F-907.1.10.1.3 333.12 and NFPA 72 (2016 edition) on each floor, including basements, of existing Group R-3 congregate living facilities.

Exceptions:
  1. Buildings equipped with an automatic sprinkler system.
  2. Buildings equipped with hard-wired smoke alarms installed in compliance with the Building Code.

907.1.10.1.1 Interconnection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The smoke alarms required by this Section F-907.1.10 shall be interconnected in such a manner that the activation of one alarm will activate all of the hard-wired alarms in the facility. Physical interconnection of smoke alarms shall not be required where listed wireless alarms are installed and all alarms sound upon activation of one alarm. The alarm shall be clearly audible in all bedrooms over background noise levels with all intervening doors closed.

907.1.10.1.2 Power Source

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The smoke alarms required by this Section F-907.1.10 shall receive their primary power from the building wiring provided that such wiring is served from a commercial source and shall be equipped with a battery backup. Smoke alarms shall emit a signal when the batteries are low. Wiring shall be permanent and without a disconnecting switch other than as required for overcurrent protection.

907.1.10.1.3 Retrofit of R-3 Congregate Living Facilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The smoke alarms required by this Section F-907.1.10 shall be installed prior to December 31, 2019. Electrical permits for such installations shall be secured prior to July 1, 2019.

907.1.11 Group R-4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A manual and automatic (smoke detection) fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group R-4 residential care/assisted living facilities in accordance with Section 907.2.10 of the Philadelphia Building Code.

Exceptions:
  1. Where there are hard-wired, interconnected smoke alarms meeting the requirements of Section 907.2.11 of the Philadelphia Building Code and there is at least one manual fire alarm box per floor arranged to continuously sound the smoke alarms.
  2. Hard-wired, interconnected smoke alarms installed in accordance with Section 907.2.11 of the Philadelphia Building Code prior to January 1, 2010.

907.1.12 Mixed Residential and Nonresidential Use

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a nonresidential occupancy is located below a residential occupancy, a manual and automatic (smoke detection) fire alarm system shall be installed with smoke detectors installed throughout the nonresidential occupancy, manual fire alarm boxes installed at the exits in the nonresidential areas and alarm notification appliances installed throughout the building. Systems required to be installed to comply with this section shall be installed in accordance with the appropriate sections of Section 907 of the Philadelphia Building Code. Smoke alarms shall be installed in the dwelling units of the residential portions of the building in accordance with Section 907.2.

Exception: The fire alarm system is not required where an automatic sprinkler system is installed throughout the non-residential portions of the building.

907.2 Single-And Multiple-Station Smoke Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Single-and multiple-station (single-station wired together to enable all to sound an alarm when one activates) smoke alarms shall be installed in existing Group R occupancies in accordance with Sections F-907.2.1 through F-907.2.3.

907.2.1 Location of Smoke Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Existing Group R occupancies and dwellings shall be provided with single-station smoke alarms. Where installation is required to meet the requirements of this section the smoke alarms shall be installed in accordance with Section 907.2.11 of the Philadelphia Building Code, except as permitted in this section.

Exceptions:
  1. Smoke alarms are not required in sleeping rooms in existing Group R-2 occupancies in high-rise buildings equipped throughout with an automatic fire extinguishing system.
  2. Smoke alarms are not required in sleeping rooms in Group R-2 or R-3 occupancies in buildings built prior to January 1, 1988, and not classified as high-rise.
  3. Where a smoke alarm installed in the immediate vicinity of bedrooms would result in its installation within 3 feet (914 mm) of a door to a bathroom or kitchen, installation beyond the immediate vicinity is permitted, provided that it does not exceed 15 feet (4572 mm) from all bedroom doors.

907.2.2 Interconnection of Smoke Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where more than one smoke alarm is required to be installed within an individual dwelling or sleeping unit, the smoke alarms shall be interconnected in such a manner that the activation of one alarm will activate all of the alarms in the individual unit. The alarm shall be clearly audible in all bedrooms over background noise levels with all intervening doors closed.

Exceptions:
  1. Interconnection is not required in buildings built prior to January 1, 1988, that are not undergoing alterations, repairs or construction of any kind.
  2. Smoke alarms in existing areas of buildings built prior to January 1, 1988, are not required to be interconnected where repairs do not result in the removal of interior wall or ceiling finishes exposing the structure, unless there is an attic, crawl space or basement available which could provide access for interconnection without the removal of interior finishes.

907.2.3 Power Source for Smoke Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Single-station smoke alarms shall receive their primary power from the building wiring provided that such wiring is served from a commercial source and shall be equipped with a battery backup. Smoke alarms with integral strobes that are not equipped with battery backup shall be connected to an emergency electrical system. Smoke alarms shall emit a signal when the batteries are low. Wiring shall be permanent and without a disconnecting switch other than as required for overcurrent protection.

Exceptions:
  1. Smoke alarms are permitted to be solely battery powered with 10-year non-removable (sealed) batteries in existing one- and two-family dwellings built prior to January 1, 1988, where no construction is taking place.
  2. Smoke alarms are permitted to be solely battery powered with 10-year non-removable (sealed) batteries in one- and two-family dwellings that are not served from a commercial power source.
  3. Smoke alarms are permitted to be solely battery powered with 10-year non-removable (sealed) batteries in existing one- and two-family dwellings built prior to January 1, 1988, undergoing alterations or repairs that do not result in the removal of interior walls or ceiling finishes exposing the structure, unless there is an attic, crawl space or basement available which could provide access for building wiring without the removal of interior finishes.

907.2.4 Testing and Maintenance of Smoke Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Smoke alarms, both battery powered and hard wired, shall be tested, inspected and maintained in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. They shall be tested weekly.

907.2.4.1 Responsibility

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Occupants shall be responsible for the testing and battery replacement of battery-powered smoke alarms within their dwelling units. Owners shall be responsible for the replacement of non-operating smoke alarms within three days of written notice.

907.2.5 Verification of Smoke Alarms Upon Sale of Building

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Upon the sale of a building containing a Group R-3 occupancy, the seller shall certify in writing to the buyer that smoke alarms required by Section F-907.2 are installed and in proper operating condition.

907.3 Audibility of Fire Alarm Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire alarm system audible alarm notification appliances installed in existing buildings and structures shall provide sound pressure levels in accordance with the following.
  1. Occupancies with an existing, previously approved fire alarm system installed prior to March 1, 1991, are permitted to have audible alarm notification appliances that produce a sound pressure level above the normal ambient sound level of at least 15 decibels per the A scale of a sound pressure level meter (dBA) throughout the building.
  2. Fire alarm systems installed between March 1, 1991, and December 31, 2009, are permitted to have audible alarm notification appliances that produce a sound pressure level of at least 15 dBA above the normal sound level, but not less than 60 dBa throughout the building, and not less than 70 dBa throughout Group I-1 and R occupancies.
  3. Fire alarm systems installed after December 31, 2009, shall have audible alarm notification appliances that produce a sound pressure level of at least 15 dBA above the normal sound level, but not less than 60 dBA throughout the building, and not less than 75 dBa throughout Group I-1 and R occupancies.

907.4 Delay in Activation of Fire Alarm

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
There shall be no delay in the activation of the fire alarm system notification appliances, other than by the alarm verification feature, unless approved in writing by the fire department.

907.5 Manual Fire Alarm Boxes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Manual fire alarm boxes required by this code or the current or a previous edition of the Philadelphia Building Code shall be maintained.

Exceptions:
  1. Manual fire alarm boxes are not required where an automatic sprinkler system is installed throughout the building, provided that in Group I-1 and I-2 occupancies they are installed at all nurses' control stations or other constantly attended staff locations.
  2. In Group R-2 occupancies with one exit and not exceeding three stories in height, one manual fire alarm box is permitted provided that it is installed in the exit stairway at the exit discharge.

907.5.1 Sign at Manual Fire Alarm Boxes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
At each manual fire alarm box a sign shall be mounted near the box that states: IN CASE OF FIRE SOUND ALARM AND CALL FIRE DEPARTMENT (or CALL 911).

907.6 Fire Alarm Zoning Indicating Panels

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A fire alarm zoning indicating panel shall be located at a visible location at the main entrance of buildings with fire alarm systems, or at a location approved by the fire department.

Exception: Buildings existing prior to January 1, 2007, provided that the zone indicating panel is located in a location readily accessible to the fire department upon their arrival to the building.

907.7 Inspection, Testing and Maintenance of Fire Alarm Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The maintenance and testing schedules and procedures for fire alarm and fire detection systems shall be in accordance with Sections F-907.7.1 through F-907.7.5 and NFPA 72.

907.7.1 Maintenance Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Whenever required for compliance with the provisions of this code, devices, equipment, systems, conditions, arrangements, levels of protection or other features shall thereafter be continuously maintained in accordance with applicable NFPA requirements or as directed by the fire code official.

907.7.2 Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Testing shall be performed in accordance with the schedules in NFPA 72 or more frequently where required by the fire code official.

Exception: Devices or equipment that are inaccessible for safety considerations shall be tested during scheduled shutdowns where approved by the fire code official, but not less than every 18 months.

907.7.3 Smoke Detector Sensitivity

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Smoke detector sensitivity shall be checked within one year after installation and every alternate year thereafter. After the second calibration test, where sensitivity tests indicate that the detector has remained within its listed and marked sensitivity range (or 4-percent obscuration light grey smoke, if not marked), the length of time between calibration tests shall be permitted to be extended to a maximum of 5 years. Where the frequency is extended, records of detector-caused nuisance alarms and subsequent trends of these alarms shall be maintained. In zones or areas where nuisance alarms show any increase over the previous year, calibration tests shall be performed.

907.7.4 Method

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
To verify that each smoke detector is within its listed and marked sensitivity range, it shall be tested using one of the following methods:
  1. A calibrated test method;
  2. The manufacturer's calibrated sensitivity test instrument;
  3. Listed control equipment arranged for the purpose;
  4. A smoke detector/control unit arrangement whereby the detector causes a signal at the control unit where the detector's sensitivity is outside its acceptable sensitivity range; or
  5. Another calibrated sensitivity test method acceptable to the fire code official.
Detectors found to have a sensitivity outside the listed and marked sensitivity range shall be cleaned and recalibrated or replaced.

Exceptions:
  1. Detectors listed as field adjustable shall be permitted to be either adjusted within the listed and marked sensitivity range and cleaned and recalibrated or they shall be replaced.
  2. This requirement shall not apply to single-station smoke alarms.

907.7.4.1 Testing Device

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Smoke detector sensitivity shall not be tested or measured using a device that administers an unmeasured concentration of smoke or other aerosol into the detector.

907.7.5 Maintenance, Inspection and Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The building owner shall be responsible to maintain the fire and life safety systems in an operable condition at all times. Service personnel shall meet the qualification requirements of Section 915 and NFPA 72 for maintaining, inspecting and testing such systems. A written record shall be maintained and shall be made available to the fire code official.
Emergency alarms for the detection and notification of an emergency condition in Group H occupancies shall be provided as required in Chapter 27.
Emergency alarms for notification of an emergency condition in an HPM facility shall be provided as required in Section 1803.12. A continuous gas detection system shall be provided for HPM gases in accordance with Section 1803.13.
Where required by Section 3704.2.2.10, a gas detection system shall be provided for indoor storage and use of highly toxic and toxic compressed gases.
A gas detection system shall be provided in ozone gas-generator rooms in accordance with Section 3705.3.2.
A flammable-gas detection system shall be provided in repair garages for vehicles fueled by nonodorized gases in accordance with Section 2211.7.2.

908.6 Refrigeration Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Refrigeration system machinery rooms provided with a refrigeration detector shall be maintained.

908.7 Carbon Monoxide Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Carbon monoxide alarms, capable of detection and alarm, shall be installed and maintained, in accordance with the provisions of this section, in any new or existing building with a Group R-3 or Group R-4 occupancy where one or more fossil fuel or wood burning appliances is installed in the building or where a garage is attached to the building. For purposes of this section, a new Group R-3 or Group R-4 occupancy includes any newly constructed building within such classification or any existing building where the classification is changed to an R-3 or R-4 occupancy.

908.7.1 Definition of Fossil Fuel Burning Appliance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A fossil fuel burning appliance is any appliance or equipment that uses a fuel that produces, among other things, carbon monoxide during the combustion (burning) process. Examples of types of fossil fuel include, but are not limited to coal, charcoal, kerosene, building heating oil, natural (methane) gas and liquefied petroleum gas, such as propane. Examples of fossil fuel burning appliances include, but are not limited to, building heaters, portable kerosene heaters, fireplaces, wood burning stoves, cooking appliances, hot water heaters, or dryers that use one of the fossil fuels.

908.7.2 Standards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Every carbon monoxide alarm shall bear the label of a nationally recognized standard testing laboratory, such as Underwriter's Laboratories, indicating that it is appropriate for its intended use. Combination smoke and carbon monoxide alarms shall be permitted.

908.7.3 Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A carbon monoxide alarm shall be installed within 15 feet of the entrance to every bedroom or within 15 feet of a bed in sleeping areas where there is no enclosed bedroom. It shall be centrally located on a wall or the ceiling, but not directly in front of a door to a bathroom or within 5 feet of a cooking appliance, to prevent false alarms. (Mounting the alarm at eye level accommodates reading the digital display, if the device is so equipped, and changing batteries.) If the alarm is a combination smoke and carbon monoxide alarm, it shall be located in accordance with the installation requirements for smoke alarms.

908.7.4 Power Source

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In all Group R-3 and Group R-4 occupancies, carbon monoxide alarms shall be hard-wired (receiving power from building electricity) and fed from an unswitched portion of a branch circuit. All hard-wired alarms shall have a battery back-up in the event of a power failure. Where more than one hard-wired carbon monoxide alarm is required to be installed in a dwelling unit, rooming unit or sleeping area, the alarms shall be interconnected in such a manner that the activation of one alarm will activate all of the alarms in the individual unit or throughout the Group R-3 or Group R-4 occupancy. The alarm shall be clearly audible in all bedrooms over background noise levels with all intervening doors closed.

Exception: In existing Group R-3 and Group R-4 occupancies, carbon monoxide alarms may be powered by batteries or be plug-in types of alarms powered by building electricity and are not required to be interconnected.

908.7.5 Information to Tenants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Building owners, having tenants in the building, shall post a notice in a common area of the building informing tenants that the owner of the building is required by law to supply and install carbon monoxide alarms in accordance with Section F-908 of the Philadelphia Fire Code, and shall provide at least one tenant per dwelling unit or rooming unit with a copy of the manufacturer's instructions for the alarm to ensure that tenants understand the purpose of carbon monoxide alarms, how they operate and appropriate action to take when an alarm sounds.

908.7.6 Installation and Maintenance of Carbon Monoxide Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Building owners shall supply and install carbon monoxide alarms. Tenant of a building, or the owner, if a building has no tenants, shall be responsible for the periodic testing and replacement of any batteries for alarms within their dwelling or rooming units, except that the owner shall ensure that the batteries are in operating condition at the time the tenant take possession of the unit. Tenants shall be responsible for notifying the building owner when an alarm is damaged, not operating properly or missing. Carbon monoxide alarms shall be tested in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, at least monthly. When such alarms are powered by batteries, the batteries shall be replaced in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and shall not exceed 12 months of use. Alarms indicating low power or having no power shall have the batteries replaced within 2 days.

908.7.7 Replacement

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The building owner shall replace a carbon monoxide alarm with a new alarm within 30 days of notice that the alarm is damaged, not operating properly or missing. All carbon monoxide alarms shall automatically be replaced by the building owner at the expiration of the manufacturer's life expectancy period as indicated in the manufacturer's instructions or on the back of the device.

908.7.8 Tampering, Abuse or Removal of Carbon Monoxide Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
It shall be unlawful for any person to tamper with, damage, render inoperable, or remove and not replace a carbon monoxide alarm required under this section.

908.7.9 Verification of Carbon Monoxide Alarms Upon Sale of Building

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Upon sale of a building containing a Group R-3 or R-4 occupancy, the seller shall certify to the buyer that carbon monoxide alarms required by Section F-908.7 are installed and in proper operating condition.

Section 909 Smoke Control Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.1 Scope and Purpose

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.2 General Design Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.3 Special Inspection and Test Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.4 Analysis

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.4.1 Stack Effect

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.4.2 Temperature Effect of Fire

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.4.3 Wind Effect

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.4.4 Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.4.5 Climate

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.4.6 Duration of Operation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.5 Smoke Barrier Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.5.1 Leakage Area

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.5.2 Opening Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.5.2.1 Ducts and Air Transfer Openings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.6 Pressurization Method

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.6.1 Minimum Pressure Difference

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.6.2 Maximum Pressure Difference

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.7 Airflow Design Method

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.7.1 Velocity

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.7.2 Prohibited Conditions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.8 Exhaust Method

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.8.1 Smoke Layer

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.9 Design Fire

AMENDMENT
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909.9.1 Factors Considered

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.9.2 Separation Distance

AMENDMENT
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909.9.3 Heat-Release Assumptions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.9.4 Sprinkler Effectiveness Assumptions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.10 Equipment

AMENDMENT
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909.10.1 Exhaust Fans

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.10.2 Ducts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.10.3 Equipment, Inlets and Outlets

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.10.4 Automatic Dampers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.10.5 Fans

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.11 Power Systems

AMENDMENT
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909.11.1 Power Sources and Power Surges

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.12 Detection and Control Systems

AMENDMENT
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909.12.1 Wiring

AMENDMENT
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909.12.2 Activation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.12.2.1 Pressurization, Airflow or Exhaust Method

AMENDMENT
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909.12.2.2 Passive Method

AMENDMENT
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909.12.3 Automatic Control

AMENDMENT
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909.13 Control Air Tubing

AMENDMENT
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909.13.1 Materials

AMENDMENT
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909.13.2 Isolation From Other Functions

AMENDMENT
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909.13.3 Testing

AMENDMENT
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909.14 Marking and Identification

AMENDMENT
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909.15 Control Diagrams

AMENDMENT
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909.16 Fire-Fighter's Smoke Control Panel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.16.1 Smoke Control Systems

AMENDMENT
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909.16.2 Smoke Control Panel

AMENDMENT
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909.16.3 Control Action and Priorities

AMENDMENT
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909.17 System Response Time

AMENDMENT
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909.18 Acceptance Testing

AMENDMENT
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909.18.1 Detection Devices

AMENDMENT
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909.18.2 Ducts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.18.3 Dampers

AMENDMENT
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909.18.4 Inlets and Outlets

AMENDMENT
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909.18.5 Fans

AMENDMENT
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909.18.6 Smoke Barriers

AMENDMENT
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909.18.7 Controls

AMENDMENT
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909.18.8 Special Inspections for Smoke Control

AMENDMENT
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909.18.8.1 Scope of Testing

AMENDMENT
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909.18.8.2 Qualifications

AMENDMENT
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909.18.8.3 Reports

AMENDMENT
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909.18.8.3.1 Report Filing

AMENDMENT
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909.18.9 Identification and Documentation

AMENDMENT
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909.19 System Acceptance

AMENDMENT
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909.20 Maintenance

AMENDMENT
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909.20.1 Schedule

AMENDMENT
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909.20.2 Written Record

AMENDMENT
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909.20.3 Testing

AMENDMENT
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909.20.4 Dedicated Smoke Control Systems

AMENDMENT
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909.20.5 Nondedicated Smoke Control Systems

AMENDMENT
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Section 909 Smoke Control Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

909.1 Smoke Control Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Smoke control systems installed in buildings shall be maintained and tested in accordance with this section.

909.2 Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Smoke control systems shall be maintained to ensure to a reasonable degree that the system is capable of controlling smoke for the duration required. The system shall be maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and Sections F-909.2.1 through F-909.2.5.

909.2.1 Schedule

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A routine maintenance and operational testing program shall be initiated immediately after the smoke control system has passed the acceptance tests. A written schedule for routine maintenance and operational testing shall be established.

909.2.2 Written Record

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A written record of smoke control system testing and maintenance shall be maintained on the premises. The written record shall include the date of the maintenance, identification of the servicing personnel and notification of any unsatisfactory condition and the corrective action taken, including parts replaced.

909.2.3 Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Operational testing of the smoke control system shall include all equipment such as initiating devices, fans, dampers, controls, doors and windows.

909.2.4 Dedicated Smoke Control Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Dedicated smoke control systems shall be operated for each control sequence semiannually. The system shall also be tested under standby power conditions.

909.2.5 Nondedicated Smoke Control Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Nondedicated smoke control systems shall be operated for each control sequence annually. The system shall also be tested under standby power conditions.

Section 910 Smoke and Heat Vents

AMENDMENT
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910.1 General

AMENDMENT
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910.2 Where Required

AMENDMENT
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910.2.1 Group F-1 or S-1

AMENDMENT
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