ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2009 (IFC 2009)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

701.1 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this chapter shall specify the requirements for and maintenance of fire-resistance-rated construction in existing buildings. New buildings shall comply with the Philadelphia Building Code.

Where any components in this chapter are not maintained and do not function as intended or do not have the fire resistance required by the code under which the building was constructed, remodeled or altered, such component(s) or portion thereof shall be deemed an unsafe condition, in accordance with Section 110.1.1. Components or portions thereof determined to be unsafe shall be repaired or replaced to conform to that code under which the building was constructed, remodeled, altered or this chapter, as deemed appropriate by the fire code official.

Where the extent of the conditions of components is such that any building, structure or portion thereof presents an imminent danger to the occupants of the building, structure or portion thereof, the fire code official shall act in accordance with Section 110.2.

The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

[B] DRAFTSTOP. A material, device or construction installed to restrict the movement of air within open spaces of concealed areas of building components such as crawl spaces, floor/ceiling assemblies, roof/ceiling assemblies and attics.

[B] FIRE-RESISTANT JOINT SYSTEM. An assemblage of specific materials or products that are designed, tested and fire-resistance rated in accordance with either ASTM E 1966 or UL 2079 to resist for a prescribed period of time the passage of fire through joints made in or between fire-resistance-rated assemblies.

[B] FIREBLOCKING. Building materials, or materials approved for use as fireblocking, installed to resist the free passage of flame to other areas of the building through concealed spaces.

The required fire-resistance rating of fire-resistance-rated construction (including walls, firestops, shaft enclosures, partitions, smoke barriers, floors, fire-resistive coatings and sprayed fire-resistant materials applied to structural members and fire-resistant joint systems) shall be maintained. Such elements shall be visually inspected by the owner annually and properly repaired, restored or replaced when damaged, altered, breached or penetrated. Where concealed, such elements shall not be required to be visually inspected by the owner unless the concealed space is accessible by the removal or movement of a panel, access door, ceiling tile or similar movable entry to the space. Openings made therein for the passage of pipes, electrical conduit, wires, ducts, air transfer openings and holes made for any reason shall be protected with approved methods capable of resisting the passage of smoke and fire. Openings through fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall be protected by self- or automatic-closing doors of approved construction meeting the fire protection requirements for the assembly.
Required fireblocking and draftstopping in combustible concealed spaces shall be maintained to provide continuity and integrity of the construction.
Required smoke barriers and smoke partitions shall be maintained to prevent the passage of smoke. All openings protected with approved smoke barrier doors or smoke dampers shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 105.
Required fire walls, fire barriers and fire partitions shall be maintained to prevent the passage of fire. All openings protected with approved doors or fire dampers shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 80.

703.1.4 Periodic Inspection of Dampers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where ready access to required fire dampers, smoke dampers and combination fire/smoke dampers is available, such dampers shall be inspected and certified in accordance with Sections F-703.1.4.1 through F-703.1.4.5 where installed in the following locations:
  1. Special Assembly Occupancies, including any exit enclosures providing a means of egress from spaces containing such occupancies.
  2. Group I-2 occupancies, including any exit enclosures providing a means of egress from spaces containing such occupancies.
  3. Vertical ventilation shafts located within high-rise buildings where the shaft has a minimum fire resistance rating of one hour.
In this section, ready access shall mean that the damper has been provided with a means of access, which is large enough to permit inspection and maintenance of the damper and its operating parts in accordance with the Building Code at the time of construction.

Exception: This section shall not apply to the inspection of dampers that are part of a smoke control system as regulated by Section F-915.5.

703.1.4.1 Inspection Methods

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Inspection and testing shall be performed to ensure the following:
  1. Unobstructed access to the damper shall be verified and corrected as required.
  2. An operation test of the damper shall verify that the damper closes and that there is no damper interference due to rusted, bent, misaligned or damaged frame or blades, or defective hinges or parts.
  3. The damper frame shall not be penetrated by any foreign objects that would affect fire damper operations.
  4. The damper shall not be blocked from closure in any way.
  5. The fusible link (if applicable) shall be reinstalled after the completion of the operation testing.
  6. If the fusible link (if applicable) is damaged or painted, it shall be replaced with a link of the same size, temperature and load rating.
  7.  

UpCodes note: In Bill No. 171112, there is no text after item "7".

703.1.4.2 Qualifications of Contractors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any contractor who conducts periodic inspection of required fire dampers, smoke dampers and combination fire/smoke dampers shall be licensed in one of the following categories in accordance with Chapter 9 of The Philadelphia Code:
  1. Master Plumber (9-1003)
  2. Contractor (9-1004)
  3. Fire Suppression System Contractor (9-1005)
  4. Electrical Contractor (9-1006)

UpCodes note: There seems to be a typo in Bill No. 171112. This section references Chapter 9 of The Philadelphia Code, it might have meant Title 9 of The Philadelphia Code.

703.1.4.3 Qualifications of Inspectors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any individual performing periodic inspection of required fire dampers, smoke dampers and combination fire/smoke dampers shall be a Sheet Metal Systems Technician, certified by the Department of Licenses and Inspections pursuant to Chapter 9-3000 of The Philadelphia Code. The Technician shall also hold a certification from the Sheet Metal Industry International Certification Board (ICB) as a Fire Life Safety Level 1 or Level 2 Technician, or a similar certification from an independent personal certification program approved by the Department.

703.1.4.4 Frequency

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each fire damper, smoke damper and combination fire/smoke damper with ready access shall be inspected upon initial installation and thereafter every four years, except in Group I-2 occupancies where the frequency shall be every six years.

703.1.4.4.1 Initial Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The initial inspection and certification of each fire damper, smoke damper and combination fire/smoke damper, installed prior to the effective date of this Ordinance, and regulated by this Section, shall be completed by January 1, 2020.

703.1.4.5 Certification Reporting

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All inspections shall be documented by the Contractor on a certification form established by the fire code official indicating the locations of the fire damper, smoke damper and combination fire/smoke damper inspected, date of inspection, name of inspector and Sheet Metal Technician Certification number of the inspector. The report must be presented by the Contractor to the building owner upon completion, and shall be maintained on the property and made available for inspection upon request by the fire code official. The report shall also be submitted to the Department of Licenses and Inspections who may, by regulation, establish a fee to be paid upon submission of the report.

703.1.4.6 Submission of Deficiencies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When deficiencies are not corrected within ninety (90) days, the Contractor performing the required inspections and testing shall submit a list of deficiencies that preclude inspection certification of the dampers, in an approved form to the fire code official.
Opening protectives shall be maintained in an operative condition in accordance with NFPA 80. Fire doors and smoke barrier doors shall not be blocked or obstructed or otherwise made inoperable. Fusible links shall be replaced promptly whenever fused or damaged. Fire door assemblies shall not be modified.

Where required by the fire code official, a sign shall be permanently displayed on or near each fire door in letters not less than 1 inch (25 mm) high to read as follows:

  1. For doors designed to be kept normally open: FIRE DOOR—DO NOT BLOCK.
  2. For doors designed to be kept normally closed: FIRE DOOR—KEEP CLOSED.
Hold-open devices and automatic door closers, where provided, shall be maintained. During the period that such device is out of service for repairs, the door it operates shall remain in the closed position.
Swinging fire doors shall close from the full-open position and latch automatically. The door closer shall exert enough force to close and latch the door from any partially open position.
The hanging and displaying of salable goods and other decorative materials from acoustical ceiling systems that are part of a fire-resistance-rated floor/ceiling or roof/ceiling assembly, shall be prohibited.
Horizontal and vertical sliding and rolling fire doors shall be inspected and tested annually to confirm proper operation and full closure. A written record shall be maintained and be available to the fire code official.

703.5 Fire Resistance Rating of Existing Construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The following existing construction materials shall be permitted where a 1-hour fire resistance rating is required by this code:
  1. Wood or metal studding with 5/8-inch fire rated (Type X) gypsum wall board on each side.
  2. Wood lathe and plaster.
  3. Six-inch or greater hollow or solid CMU (cinder block).
  4. Construction having a 1-hour listing by Underwriters Laboratories or other approved testing agency.

704.1 Vertical Shaft Enclosures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Interior vertical shafts, including but not limited to stairways, elevator hoistways, service and utility shafts, that connect two or more stories of a building shall be enclosed or protected as required by this section. New floor openings in existing buildings shall comply with the Philadelphia Building Code. (Note: The requirements of this section are duplicated in Section F-1012.1, which also relates to vertical enclosures.)

704.1.1 Group I Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In Group I occupancies, interior vertical openings connecting 2 or more stories shall be protected with 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction.

704.1.2 Three Stories

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In other than Group I occupancies, interior vertical openings connecting 3 stories shall be protected by either 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction or an automatic sprinkler system installed throughout the building.

Exceptions:
  1. Vertical opening protection is not required for Group R-3 occupancies.
  2. Vertical opening protection is not required for open parking garages and ramps.
  3. Vertical opening protection is not required for escalators provided they are in accordance with Section F-704.1.5, F-704.1.6 or F-704.1.7.

704.1.3 More Than Three Stories

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In other than Group I occupancies, interior vertical openings connecting more than 3 stories shall be protected by 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction.

Exceptions:
  1. Vertical opening protection is not required for Group R-3 occupancies.
  2. Vertical opening protection is not required for open parking garages and ramps.
  3. Vertical opening protection is not required for escalators provided they are in accordance with Section F-704.1.5, F-704.1.6 or F-704.1.7.

704.1.4 Atriums and Covered Malls

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In other than Group I occupancies, interior vertical openings in a covered mall building or a building with an atrium either shall be protected by 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction, or an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout the building.

Exceptions:
  1. Vertical opening protection is not required for Group R-3 occupancies.
  2. Vertical opening protection is not required for open parking garages and ramps.

704.1.5 Escalators in Group B and M Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Escalators creating vertical openings connecting any number of stories shall be protected by either 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction or an automatic sprinkler system installed throughout the building, a draft curtain at least 18 inches (457 mm) in depth, and closely spaced sprinklers around the perimeter of the escalator opening.

704.1.6 Escalators Connecting Four or Fewer Stories

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In other than Group B and M occupancies, escalators creating vertical openings connecting four or fewer stories shall either be protected by 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction, or an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout the building, a draft curtain at least 18 inches in depth (457 mm) and closely spaced sprinklers around the perimeter of the escalator opening.

704.1.7 Escalators Connecting More Than Four Stories

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In other than Group B and M occupancies, escalators creating vertical openings connecting five or more stories shall be protected by 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction.

704.1.8 Shaft Penetrations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Penetrations in shafts shall be sealed with a fire stopping material to maintain the fire resistance rating of the shaft enclosure.
When openings are required to be protected, opening protectives shall be maintained self-closing or automatic-closing by smoke detection. Existing fusible-link-type automatic door-closing devices are permitted if the fusible link rating does not exceed 135°F (57°C).
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