The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.
FIRE APPARATUS ACCESS ROAD. A road that provides fire apparatus access from a fire station to a facility, building or portion thereof. This is a general term inclusive of all other terms such as fire lane, public street, private street, parking lot lane and access roadway.
FIRE COMMAND CENTER. The principal attended or unattended location where the status of the detection, alarm communications and control systems is displayed, and from which the system(s) can be manually controlled.
FIRE DEPARTMENT MASTER KEY. A limited issue key of special or controlled design to be carried by fire department officials in command which will open key boxes on specified properties.
FIRE LANE. A road or other passageway developed to allow the passage of fire apparatus. A fire lane is not necessarily intended for vehicular traffic other than fire apparatus.
KEY BOX. A secure device with a lock operable only by a fire department master key, and containing building entry keys and other keys that may be required for access in an emergency.
Approved fire apparatus access roads shall be provided for every facility, building or portion of a building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction. The fire apparatus access road shall comply with the requirements of this section and shall extend to within 150 feet (45 720 mm) of all portions of the facility and all portions of the exterior walls of the first story of the building as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the building or facility.
- The building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, 903.3.1.2 or 903.3.1.3.
- Fire apparatus access roads cannot be installed because of location on property, topography, waterways, nonnegotiable grades or other similar conditions, and an approved alternative means of fire protection is provided.
- There are not more than two Group R-3 or Group U occupancies.
When required, gates and barricades shall be secured in an approved manner. Roads, trails and other accessways that have been closed and obstructed in the manner prescribed by Section 503.5 shall not be trespassed on or used unless authorized by the owner and the fire code official.
Where a portion of the facility or building is located or hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction is more than 400 feet (122 m) from a hydrant on a fire apparatus access road, as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the facility or building, on-site fire hydrants and mains shall be provided where required by the fire code official.
- Bonnets shall be painted orange for fire hydrants connected to water mains 8 inches (203 mm) or smaller in diameter.
- Bonnets shall be painted green for fire hydrants connected to water mains 10 inches (254 mm) to 14 inches (356 mm) in diameter.
- Bonnets shall be painted red for fire hydrants connected to water mains 16 inches (406 mm) or larger in diameter.
Private fire service mains and water tanks shall be periodically inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25 at the following intervals:
- Private fire hydrants (all types): Inspection annually and after each operation; flow test and maintenance annually.
- Fire service main piping: Inspection of exposed, annually; flow test every 5 years.
- Fire service main piping strainers: Inspection and maintenance after each use.
- The emergency voice/alarm communication system control unit.
- The fire department communications system.
- Fire detection and alarm system annunciator.
- Annunciator unit visually indicating the location of the elevators and whether they are operational.
- Status indicators and controls for air distribution systems.
- The fire-fighter's control panel required by Section 909.16 for smoke control systems installed in the building.
- Controls for unlocking stairway doors simultaneously.
- Sprinkler valve and water-flow detector display panels.
- Emergency and standby power status indicators.
- A telephone for fire department use with controlled access to the public telephone system.
- Fire pump status indicators.
- Schematic building plans indicating the typical floor plan and detailing the building core, means of egress, fire protection systems, fire-fighting equipment and fire department access, and the location of fire walls, fire barriers, fire partitions, smoke barriers and smoke partitions.
- Work table.
- Generator supervision devices, manual start and transfer features.
- Public address system, where specifically required by other sections of this code.
- Elevator fire recall switch in accordance with ASME A17.1.
- Elevator emergency or standby power selector switch(es), where emergency or standby power is provided.
All buildings constructed on or after January 1, 2010, and existing buildings in accordance with Section F-510.3 shall have approved radio coverage for emergency responders within the building based upon the existing coverage levels of the public safety communication systems of the jurisdiction at the exterior of the building. This section shall not require improvement of the existing public safety communication systems.
- Where approved by the fire department, a two-way fire department wired communication system shall be permitted to be installed and maintained in lieu of an approved emergency responder radio coverage system.
- Where it is determined by the fire department that the emergency responder radio coverage system is not needed.
- In facilities where emergency responder radio coverage is required and such systems, components or equipment could have a negative impact on the normal operations of that facility, the fire department shall have the authority to accept an automatically activated emergency responder radio coverage system.
Buildings existing prior to January 1, 2010, that do not have approved radio coverage for emergency responders within the building shall be equipped with such coverage according to one of the following:
- Two-hour fire resistance rated circuit integrity (CI) cable;
- A two-hour fire resistance rated cable system (electrical circuit protective system);
- Two-hour fire resistance rated construction enclosing the equipment and wiring;
- A performance-based alternative method approved by the fire code official; or
- A sprinkler system installed throughout the building, designed and installed in accordance with NFPA 13; and the interconnecting wiring or cable used for the operation of the fire alarm system notification appliances shall be installed in metal raceways in accordance with Article 70 of NFPA 72 and Section 907.5 of the Philadelphia Building Code.
- All signal booster components shall be contained in a NEMA4-type waterproof cabinet. The exterior of the cabinet shall be labeled "Fire Department radio repeater system" and shall contain the name and telephone number of the system service provider.
- The battery system shall be contained in a NEMA4-type waterproof cabinet.
- The system shall include automatic alarming of malfunctions of the signal booster and battery system. Any resulting trouble alarm shall be automatically transmitted to an approved central station or proprietary supervising station as defined in NFPA 72 or, when approved by the fire department, shall sound an audible signal at a constantly attended location.
- Equipment shall have FCC certification prior to installation.
- A valid FCC-issued radio operators License, or
- Certification of in-building system training issued by a nationally recognized organization or school or a certificate issued by the manufacturer of the equipment being installed.
- Each floor of the building shall be divided into a grid of 20 approximately equal areas.
- The test shall be conducted using a calibrated (within the last 12 months) portable radio of the latest brand and model used by the agency talking through the agency's radio communications system.
- Failure of a maximum of 2 nonadjacent test areas shall not result in a failure of the test.
- In the event that 3 of the test areas fail the test, in order to be more statistically accurate, the floor shall be divided into 40 equal test areas. Failure of a maximum of 4 non-adjacent test areas shall not result in failure of the test. If the system fails the 40-area test, the system shall be altered to meet the 90 percent coverage requirement.
- A test location approximately in the center of each test area shall be selected for the test, with the radio enabled to verify two-way communications to and from the outside of the building through the public agency's radio communications system. Once the test location has been selected, that location shall represent the entire test area. Failure in the selected test location shall be considered failure of the test area. Additional test locations shall not be permitted.
- The gain values of all amplifiers shall be measured and the test measurement results shall be kept on file with the building owner so that the measurements can be verified during annual tests. In the event that the measurement results become lost, the building owner shall be required to rerun the acceptance test to reestablish the gain values.
- As part of the installation a spectrum analyzer or other suitable test equipment shall be utilized to insure spurious oscillations are not being generated by the subject signal booster. This test shall be conducted at time of installation and subsequent annual inspections.
- Upon completion of testing a test report, indicating compliance with Section F-510.4 and F-510.5, shall be provided to the fire code official and the fire department. RF plots indicating the initial assessment of radio coverage and the enhanced coverage shall be included in the test report.
- In-building coverage test as described in Sections F-510.5.3 and F-510.5.4.
- Signal boosters shall be tested to ensure that the gain is the same as it was upon initial installation and acceptance.
- Backup batteries and power supplies shall be tested under load of a period of one hour to verify that they will properly operate during an actual power outage. If within one-hour test period the battery exhibits symptoms of failure, the test shall be extended for additional one-hour periods until the integrity of the battery can be determined.
- All other active components shall be checked to verify operation within the manufacturer's specifications.
- At the conclusion of the testing, a report verifying compliance with this section shall be submitted to the fire department.