ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2009 (IFC 2009)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
Fire service features for buildings, structures and premises shall comply with this chapter.
A permit shall be required as set forth in Sections 105.6 and 105.7.
Construction documents for proposed fire apparatus access, location of fire lanes, security gates across fire apparatus access and construction documents and hydraulic calculations for fire hydrant systems shall be submitted to the fire department for review and approval prior to construction.
When fire apparatus access roads or a water supply for fire protection is required to be installed, such protection shall be installed and made serviceable prior to and during the time of construction except when approved alternative methods of protection are provided. Temporary street signs shall be installed at each street intersection when construction of new roadways allows passage by vehicles in accordance with Section 505.2.

The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

FIRE APPARATUS ACCESS ROAD. A road that provides fire apparatus access from a fire station to a facility, building or portion thereof. This is a general term inclusive of all other terms such as fire lane, public street, private street, parking lot lane and access roadway.

FIRE COMMAND CENTER. The principal attended or unattended location where the status of the detection, alarm communications and control systems is displayed, and from which the system(s) can be manually controlled.

FIRE DEPARTMENT MASTER KEY. A limited issue key of special or controlled design to be carried by fire department officials in command which will open key boxes on specified properties.

FIRE LANE. A road or other passageway developed to allow the passage of fire apparatus. A fire lane is not necessarily intended for vehicular traffic other than fire apparatus.

KEY BOX. A secure device with a lock operable only by a fire department master key, and containing building entry keys and other keys that may be required for access in an emergency.

503.1 Where Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and maintained in accordance with Sections 503.1.1 through 503.1.3. Deviations from these requirements shall be approved by the fire department.

Approved fire apparatus access roads shall be provided for every facility, building or portion of a building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction. The fire apparatus access road shall comply with the requirements of this section and shall extend to within 150 feet (45 720 mm) of all portions of the facility and all portions of the exterior walls of the first story of the building as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the building or facility.

Exception: The fire code official is authorized to increase the dimension of 150 feet (45 720 mm) where:
  1. The building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, 903.3.1.2 or 903.3.1.3.
  2. Fire apparatus access roads cannot be installed because of location on property, topography, waterways, nonnegotiable grades or other similar conditions, and an approved alternative means of fire protection is provided.
  3. There are not more than two Group R-3 or Group U occupancies.
The fire code official is authorized to require more than one fire apparatus access road based on the potential for impairment of a single road by vehicle congestion, condition of terrain, climatic conditions or other factors that could limit access.
Fire department vehicle access to buildings used for high-piled combustible storage shall comply with the applicable provisions of Chapter 23.
Fire apparatus access roads shall be installed and arranged in accordance with Sections 503.2.1 through 503.2.8.
Fire apparatus access roads shall have an unobstructed width of not less than 20 feet (6096 mm), exclusive of shoulders, except for approved security gates in accordance with Section 503.6, and an unobstructed vertical clearance of not less than 13 feet 6 inches (4115 mm).
The fire code official shall have the authority to require an increase in the minimum access widths where they are inadequate for fire or rescue operations.

503.2.3 Surface

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire apparatus roads shall be designed and maintained to support the imposed loads of fire apparatus in accordance with fire department requirements and shall be surfaced so as to provide all-weather driving capabilities.
The required turning radius of a fire apparatus access road shall be determined by the fire code official.
Dead-end fire apparatus access roads in excess of 150 feet (45 720 mm) in length shall be provided with an approved area for turning around fire apparatus.
Where a bridge or an elevated surface is part of a fire apparatus access road, the bridge shall be constructed and maintained in accordance with AASHTO HB-17. Bridges and elevated surfaces shall be designed for a live load sufficient to carry the imposed loads of fire apparatus. Vehicle load limits shall be posted at both entrances to bridges when required by the fire code official. Where elevated surfaces designed for emergency vehicle use are adjacent to surfaces which are not designed for such use, approved barriers, approved signs or both shall be installed and maintained when required by the fire code official.
The grade of the fire apparatus access road shall be within the limits established by the fire code official based on the fire department's apparatus.
The angles of approach and departure for fire apparatus access roads shall be within the limits established by the fire code official based on the fire department's apparatus.
Where required by the fire code official, approved signs or other approved notices or markings that include the words NO PARKING—FIRE LANE shall be provided for fire apparatus access roads to identify such roads or prohibit the obstruction thereof. The means by which fire lanes are designated shall be maintained in a clean and legible condition at all times and be replaced or repaired when necessary to provide adequate visibility.

503.4 Obstruction of Fire Apparatus Access Roads

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire apparatus access roads shall not be obstructed in any manner, including the parking of vehicles. The minimum widths and clearances established in Section 503.2.1 shall be maintained at all times. Where fencing or other security barricades are erected, an emergency means of access, approved by the fire department, shall be provided.
The fire code official is authorized to require the installation and maintenance of gates or other approved barricades across fire apparatus access roads, trails or other accessways, not including public streets, alleys or highways. Electric gate operators, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL 325. Gates intended for automatic operation shall be designed, constructed and installed to comply with the requirements of ASTM F 2200.

When required, gates and barricades shall be secured in an approved manner. Roads, trails and other accessways that have been closed and obstructed in the manner prescribed by Section 503.5 shall not be trespassed on or used unless authorized by the owner and the fire code official.

Exception: The restriction on use shall not apply to public officers acting within the scope of duty.
The installation of security gates across a fire apparatus access road shall be approved by the fire chief. Where security gates are installed, they shall have an approved means of emergency operation. The security gates and the emergency operation shall be maintained operational at all times. Electric gate operators, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL 325. Gates intended for automatic operation shall be designed, constructed and installed to comply with the requirements of ASTM F 2200.
Exterior doors and openings required by this code or the International Building Code shall be maintained readily accessible for emergency access by the fire department. An approved access walkway leading from fire apparatus access roads to exterior openings shall be provided when required by the fire code official.
Exterior doors and their function shall not be eliminated without prior approval. Exterior doors that have been rendered nonfunctional and that retain a functional door exterior appearance shall have a sign affixed to the exterior side of the door with the words THIS DOOR BLOCKED. The sign shall consist of letters having a principal stroke of not less than 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) wide and at least 6 inches (152 mm) high on a contrasting background. Required fire department access doors shall not be obstructed or eliminated. Exit and exit access doors shall comply with Chapter 10. Access doors for high-piled combustible storage shall comply with Section 2306.6.1.
New buildings four or more stories above grade plane, except those with a roof slope greater than four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33.3-percent slope), shall be provided with a stairway to the roof. Stairway access to the roof shall be in accordance with Section 1009.13. Such stairway shall be marked at street and floor levels with a sign indicating that the stairway continues to the roof. Where roofs are used for roof gardens or for other purposes, stairways shall be provided as required for such occupancy classification.

505.1 Address Identification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
New and existing buildings shall have approved address numbers, building numbers or approved building identification placed in a position that is plainly legible and visible from the street or road fronting the property. These numbers shall be reflective and shall contrast with their background. Address numbers shall be Arabic numbers or alphabetical letters. Numbers shall be a minimum of 4 inches (101.6 mm) high with a minimum stroke width of 0.5 inch (12.7 mm). Where access is by means of a private road and the building cannot be viewed from the public way, a monument, pole or other sign or means shall be used to identify the structure.

Exception: Non-reflective identification installed prior to July 1, 2013 on existing buildings, otherwise in compliance with this subsection, need not be altered to reflective identification.
Streets and roads shall be identified with approved signs. Temporary signs shall be installed at each street intersection when construction of new roadways allows passage by vehicles. Signs shall be of an approved size, weather resistant and be maintained until replaced by permanent signs.
Where access to or within a structure or an area is restricted because of secured openings or where immediate access is necessary for life-saving or fire-fighting purposes, the fire code official is authorized to require a key box to be installed in an approved location. The key box shall be of an approved type and shall contain keys to gain necessary access as required by the fire code official.
An approved lock shall be installed on gates or similar barriers when required by the fire code official.
The operator of the building shall immediately notify the fire code official and provide the new key when a lock is changed or rekeyed. The key to such lock shall be secured in the key box.
An approved water supply capable of supplying the required fire flow for fire protection shall be provided to premises upon which facilities, buildings or portions of buildings are hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction.
A water supply shall consist of reservoirs, pressure tanks, elevated tanks, water mains or other fixed systems capable of providing the required fire flow.
Private fire service mains and appurtenances shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 24.
Water tanks for private fire protection shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 22.

507.3 Fire Flow

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire flow (fire fighting water supply via fire hydrants) quantities for new and existing buildings or portions of buildings shall be provided in accordance with Section 507.5.
The fire code official shall be notified prior to the water supply test. Water supply tests shall be witnessed by the fire code official or approved documentation of the test shall be provided to the fire code official prior to final approval of the water supply system.
Fire hydrant systems shall comply with Sections 507.5.1 through 507.5.6.

507.5.1 Where Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Where a portion of the facility or building is located or hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction is more than 400 feet (122 m) from a hydrant on a fire apparatus access road, as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the facility or building, on-site fire hydrants and mains shall be provided where required by the fire code official.


Exceptions:

  1. For Group R-3 and Group U occupancies, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet (183 m).
  2. For buildings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section F-903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet (183 m).

507.5.1.1 Number and Location of Private Fire Hydrants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where private fire hydrants are required by this chapter, one fire hydrant is required for the first 50,000 square feet (4650 m2) or fraction thereof of the gross floor area at grade (footprint) of a building, plus one fire hydrant for each additional 50,000 square feet (4650 m2) or fraction thereof of gross floor area at grade. Where a property has multiple buildings requiring fire hydrants, one fire hydrant is sufficient for that group of buildings provided that each exterior point of a building is within 400 feet (122 m) of a fire hydrant. The exact location of the fire hydrants shall be specified by the fire department after survey of the site or review of building plans to determine the most advantageous locations for fire fighting.

507.5.1.2 Water Main Size

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Newly installed water mains that supply private fire hydrants shall not be less than 6 inches (152 mm) in diameter.

507.5.1.3 Flow and Pressure Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Private fire service mains shall provide a minimum flow of 600 gallons per minute (2271 l/min) at a minimum residual pressure of 20 pounds per square inch (138 kPa).

507.5.1.4 Type of Private Fire Hydrants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Newly installed private fire hydrants shall be Philadelphia standard fire hydrants as specified by the Philadelphia Water Department. Existing private fire hydrants are acceptable provided the outlets and operating stems are the same as those on a Philadelphia standard fire hydrant. Existing pentagonal (5 sided) operating stems corresponding in dimensions to fire department fire hydrant wrenches are also acceptable.

507.5.1.5 Color Coding of Private Fire Hydrants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
To assist the fire department in quickly locating private fire hydrants during a fire emergency and in identifying those connected to non-potable (untreated) water supplies, the fire hydrants shall be color coded consistent with the Water Department's color coding of municipal fire hydrants in accordance with Sections F-507.5.1.5.1 and F-507.5.1.5.2.

507.5.1.5.1 Fire Hydrants Connected to Potable Water Supplies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Private fire hydrants connected to potable water supplies shall be painted orange, with the bonnet (top portion) color coded to identify the diameter of the water main feeding the fire hydrant as follows:
  1. Bonnets shall be painted orange for fire hydrants connected to water mains 8 inches (203 mm) or smaller in diameter.
  2. Bonnets shall be painted green for fire hydrants connected to water mains 10 inches (254 mm) to 14 inches (356 mm) in diameter.
  3. Bonnets shall be painted red for fire hydrants connected to water mains 16 inches (406 mm) or larger in diameter.

507.5.1.5.2 Fire Hydrants Connected to Nonpotable Water Supplies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Private fire hydrants connected to non-potable water supplies shall be painted entirely red.

507.5.2 Inspection, Testing and Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Private fire hydrant systems shall be subject to periodic tests as required by the Section 507.5.3. Fire hydrant systems shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times and shall be repaired where defective. Additions, repairs, alterations and servicing shall comply with approved standards. Annual test records and certifications of private fire hydrants shall contain the name, address and license number of the person performing the test and shall be submitted in an approved form to the Department of Licenses and Inspections.

Private fire service mains and water tanks shall be periodically inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25 at the following intervals:

  1. Private fire hydrants (all types): Inspection annually and after each operation; flow test and maintenance annually.
  2. Fire service main piping: Inspection of exposed, annually; flow test every 5 years.
  3. Fire service main piping strainers: Inspection and maintenance after each use.
Unobstructed access to fire hydrants shall be maintained at all times. The fire department shall not be deterred or hindered from gaining immediate access to fire protection equipment or fire hydrants.
A 3-foot (914 mm) clear space shall be maintained around the circumference of fire hydrants except as otherwise required or approved.
Where fire hydrants are subject to impact by a motor vehicle, guard posts or other approved means shall comply with Section 312.

507.5.7 Fire Apparatus Access to Private Fire Hydrants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Private fire hydrants shall be located within 3 feet (914 mm) of a hard, all-weather surface, at least 12 feet (3657 mm) wide, capable of supporting the weight of a fire department pumper as determined by the fire department. A clearance of at least 20 feet (6096 mm) on each side of the fire hydrant shall be maintained along the hard, all-weather surface adjoining the fire hydrant.

507.5.8 Fire Apparatus Access to Public Fire Hydrants

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A clearance shall be maintained along public streets of 20 feet (6096 mm) on each side of public fire hydrants and vertically to a height of 13 feet, 6 inches (4115 mm). Public fire hydrants shall not be obstructed and shall be maintained in accordance with Section 507.5.4.

508.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where required by other sections of this code and in all buildings classified as high-rise buildings by the Philadelphia Building Code constructed, or existing and changing occupancy classification, on or after January 1, 1984, a fire command center for fire department operations shall be provided. Where a fire command center is required to be installed to comply with this code, it shall comply with Sections 508.1.1 through 508.1.5.
The location and accessibility of the fire command center shall be approved by the fire chief.
The fire command center shall be separated from the remainder of the building by not less than a 1-hour fire barrier constructed in accordance with Section 707 of the International Building Code or horizontal assembly constructed in accordance with Section 712 of the International Building Code, or both.
The fire command center shall be a minimum of 200 square feet (19 m2) in area with a minimum dimension of 10 feet (3048 mm).
A layout of the fire command center and all features required by this section to be contained therein shall be submitted for approval prior to installation.
The fire command center shall comply with NFPA 72 and shall contain the following features:
  1. The emergency voice/alarm communication system control unit.
  2. The fire department communications system.
  3. Fire detection and alarm system annunciator.
  4. Annunciator unit visually indicating the location of the elevators and whether they are operational.
  5. Status indicators and controls for air distribution systems.
  6. The fire-fighter's control panel required by Section 909.16 for smoke control systems installed in the building.
  7. Controls for unlocking stairway doors simultaneously.
  8. Sprinkler valve and water-flow detector display panels.
  9. Emergency and standby power status indicators.
  10. A telephone for fire department use with controlled access to the public telephone system.
  11. Fire pump status indicators.
  12. Schematic building plans indicating the typical floor plan and detailing the building core, means of egress, fire protection systems, fire-fighting equipment and fire department access, and the location of fire walls, fire barriers, fire partitions, smoke barriers and smoke partitions.
  13. Work table.
  14. Generator supervision devices, manual start and transfer features.
  15. Public address system, where specifically required by other sections of this code.
  16. Elevator fire recall switch in accordance with ASME A17.1.
  17. Elevator emergency or standby power selector switch(es), where emergency or standby power is provided.

508.1.6 Maintenance of Fire Command Centers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire command centers required by this code, or the current or a previous edition of the Philadelphia Building Code, shall be maintained in accordance with the requirements of the code in effect at the time of construction of the fire command center.

508.1.7 Identification of Fire Command Center

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Doors to a fire command center shall be marked "Fire Command Center."
Fire protection equipment shall be identified in an approved manner. Rooms containing controls for air-conditioning systems, sprinkler risers and valves, or other fire detection, suppression or control elements shall be identified for the use of the fire department. Approved signs required to identify fire protection equipment and equipment location shall be constructed of durable materials, permanently installed and readily visible.
Approved access shall be provided and maintained for all fire protection equipment to permit immediate safe operation and maintenance of such equipment. Storage, trash and other materials or objects shall not be placed or kept in such a manner that would prevent such equipment from being readily accessible.

510.1 Emergency Responder Radio Coverage in Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

All buildings constructed on or after January 1, 2010, and existing buildings in accordance with Section F-510.3 shall have approved radio coverage for emergency responders within the building based upon the existing coverage levels of the public safety communication systems of the jurisdiction at the exterior of the building. This section shall not require improvement of the existing public safety communication systems.


Exceptions:

  1. Where approved by the fire department, a two-way fire department wired communication system shall be permitted to be installed and maintained in lieu of an approved emergency responder radio coverage system.
  2. Where it is determined by the fire department that the emergency responder radio coverage system is not needed.
  3. In facilities where emergency responder radio coverage is required and such systems, components or equipment could have a negative impact on the normal operations of that facility, the fire department shall have the authority to accept an automatically activated emergency responder radio coverage system.

510.2 Radio Signal Strength

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

510.2.1 Minimum Signal Strength Into the Building

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

510.2.2 Minimum Signal Strength Out of the Building

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

510.2 Fire Department Review

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
During the design stage of an emergency responder radio coverage system, the system design shall be reviewed with the fire department to ensure it will be compatible with the frequencies used by the fire department's communications equipment.

510.3 Emergency Responder Radio Coverage in Existing Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Buildings existing prior to January 1, 2010, that do not have approved radio coverage for emergency responders within the building shall be equipped with such coverage according to one of the following:

  1. Wherever existing wired communication system cannot be repaired or is being replaced, or where not approved in accordance with Section F-510.1, Exceptions 1, 2 or 3.
  2. Within a time frame established by the fire department.

510.4 Technical Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Systems, components, and equipment required to provide emergency responder radio coverage systems (also known as bi-directional antenna systems) shall comply with Section F-510.4.1 through F-510.4.2.5.

510.4.1 Radio Signal Strength

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The building shall be considered to have acceptable emergency responder radio coverage when signal strength measurements in 95 percent of all areas on each floor of the building meet the signal strength requirements of Sections F-510.4.1 and F-510.4.2.

510.4.1.1 Minimum Signal Strength Into the Building

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A minimum signal strength of -95 decibels relative to one milliwatt (dBm) shall be receivable within the building.

510.4.1.2 Minimum Signal Strength Out of the Building

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A minimum signal strength of -95 dBm shall be received by the agency's radio system when transmitted from within the building.

510.4.1.3 Delivered Audio Quality

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The emergency responder radio coverage system shall have a delivered audio quality of 3.0 (speech understandable with slight effort) or above in accordance with TIA TSB 88.1-C (Telecommunications Industry Association, Telecommunications System Bulletin #88.1-C, entitled Wireless Communications Systems Performance in Noise-Limited Situations).

510.4.2 System Design

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The emergency responder radio coverage system shall be designed in accordance with Sections F-510.4.2.1 through F-510.4.2.5.

510.4.2.1 Amplification Systems Allowed

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Buildings and structures that cannot support the required level of radio coverage shall be equipped with a radiating cable system, a distributed antenna system with Federal Communications Commission (FCC)- certified signal boosters or other system approved by the fire department in order to achieve the required adequate radio coverage.

510.4.2.2 Technical Criteria

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire department shall maintain a document providing the specific technical information and requirements for the emergency responder radio coverage system. This document shall contain, but not be limited to, the various frequencies required, the location of radio sites, the effective radiated power of radio sites and other supporting technical information.

510.4.2.2.1 Survivability of Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All supply circuits necessary for the operation of the emergency responder radio coverage system equipment shall be protected from fire until they enter the equipment served. All antenna circuits and branch wiring leaving the emergency responder radio coverage system equipment shall be protected from fire until they enter the floor area served. Protection shall be by one of the following methods:
  1. Two-hour fire resistance rated circuit integrity (CI) cable;
  2. A two-hour fire resistance rated cable system (electrical circuit protective system);
  3. Two-hour fire resistance rated construction enclosing the equipment and wiring;
  4. A performance-based alternative method approved by the fire code official; or
  5. A sprinkler system installed throughout the building, designed and installed in accordance with NFPA 13; and the interconnecting wiring or cable used for the operation of the fire alarm system notification appliances shall be installed in metal raceways in accordance with Article 70 of NFPA 72 and Section 907.5 of the Philadelphia Building Code.

510.4.2.3 Secondary Power

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Emergency responder radio coverage systems shall be provided with an approved secondary source of power. The secondary power supply shall be capable of operating the emergency responder radio coverage systems for a period of 24 hours. When primary power is lost, the power supply to the emergency responder radio coverage system shall automatically transfer to the secondary power supply.

Exception: Systems installed prior to May 1, 2013, that have a 12-hour secondary source of power.

510.4.2.4 Signal Booster Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
If used, signal boosters shall meet the following requirements:
  1. All signal booster components shall be contained in a NEMA4-type waterproof cabinet. The exterior of the cabinet shall be labeled "Fire Department radio repeater system" and shall contain the name and telephone number of the system service provider.
  2. The battery system shall be contained in a NEMA4-type waterproof cabinet.
  3. The system shall include automatic alarming of malfunctions of the signal booster and battery system. Any resulting trouble alarm shall be automatically transmitted to an approved central station or proprietary supervising station as defined in NFPA 72 or, when approved by the fire department, shall sound an audible signal at a constantly attended location.
  4. Equipment shall have FCC certification prior to installation.

510.4.2.5 Additional Frequencies and Change of Frequencies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The emergency responder radio coverage system shall be capable of modification or expansion in the event frequency changes are required by the FCC or additional frequencies are made available by the FCC.

510.5 Installation Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The installation of the public safety radio coverage system shall be in accordance with Sections F-510.5.1 through F-510.5.4.

510.5.1 Approval Prior to Installation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Amplification systems capable of operating on frequencies licensed to any public safety agency by the FCC shall not be installed without prior coordination and approval of the fire department.

510.5.2 Minimum Qualifications of Personnel

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The minimum qualifications of the system designer and lead installation personnel shall include:
  1. A valid FCC-issued radio operators License, or
  2. Certification of in-building system training issued by a nationally recognized organization or school or a certificate issued by the manufacturer of the equipment being installed.

510.5.3 Acceptance Test Procedure

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When an emergency responder radio coverage system is required, and upon completion of installation, the building owner shall have the radio system tested to ensure that two-way coverage on each floor of the building is a minimum of 95 percent. The test procedure shall be conducted as follows:
  1. Each floor of the building shall be divided into a grid of 20 approximately equal areas.
  2. The test shall be conducted using a calibrated (within the last 12 months) portable radio of the latest brand and model used by the agency talking through the agency's radio communications system.
  3. Failure of a maximum of 2 nonadjacent test areas shall not result in a failure of the test.
  4. In the event that 3 of the test areas fail the test, in order to be more statistically accurate, the floor shall be divided into 40 equal test areas. Failure of a maximum of 4 non-adjacent test areas shall not result in failure of the test. If the system fails the 40-area test, the system shall be altered to meet the 90 percent coverage requirement.
  5. A test location approximately in the center of each test area shall be selected for the test, with the radio enabled to verify two-way communications to and from the outside of the building through the public agency's radio communications system. Once the test location has been selected, that location shall represent the entire test area. Failure in the selected test location shall be considered failure of the test area. Additional test locations shall not be permitted.
  6. The gain values of all amplifiers shall be measured and the test measurement results shall be kept on file with the building owner so that the measurements can be verified during annual tests. In the event that the measurement results become lost, the building owner shall be required to rerun the acceptance test to reestablish the gain values.
  7. As part of the installation a spectrum analyzer or other suitable test equipment shall be utilized to insure spurious oscillations are not being generated by the subject signal booster. This test shall be conducted at time of installation and subsequent annual inspections.
  8. Upon completion of testing a test report, indicating compliance with Section F-510.4 and F-510.5, shall be provided to the fire code official and the fire department. RF plots indicating the initial assessment of radio coverage and the enhanced coverage shall be included in the test report.

510.5.3.1 Operational Testing by the Fire Department

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Upon completion of the acceptance testing and verification provided to the fire department documenting compliance with Section F-510.4 and F-510.5, the fire department may conduct operational testing in the building with fire department personnel with portable radios transmitting to each other and to the fire department's Fire Communications Center. A record of this testing shall be prepared indicating areas of failure. Areas not meeting the requirements of Sections F-510.4 and F-510.5 shall be corrected.

510.5.4 FCC Compliance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The emergency responder radio coverage system installation and components shall also comply with all applicable federal regulations, including, but not limited to, FCC 47 C.F.R. 90.219.

510.6 Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The emergency responder radio coverage system shall be maintained in accordance with Sections F-510.6.1 through F-510.6.3.

510.6.1 Testing and Proof of Compliance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The emergency responder radio coverage system shall be inspected and tested annually or whenever structural changes occur, including additions or remodels that could materially change the original field performance tests. Testing shall consist of the following:
  1. In-building coverage test as described in Sections F-510.5.3 and F-510.5.4.
  2. Signal boosters shall be tested to ensure that the gain is the same as it was upon initial installation and acceptance.
  3. Backup batteries and power supplies shall be tested under load of a period of one hour to verify that they will properly operate during an actual power outage. If within one-hour test period the battery exhibits symptoms of failure, the test shall be extended for additional one-hour periods until the integrity of the battery can be determined.
  4. All other active components shall be checked to verify operation within the manufacturer's specifications.
  5. At the conclusion of the testing, a report verifying compliance with this section shall be submitted to the fire department.

510.6.2 Additional Frequencies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The building owner shall modify or expand the emergency responder radio coverage system at his or her expense in the event frequency changes are required by the FCC or additional frequencies are made available by the FCC. Prior approval of a public safety radio coverage system on previous frequencies does not exempt this section.

510.6.3 Field Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Agency personnel shall have the right to enter onto the property at any reasonable time to conduct field testing to verify the required level of radio coverage.

510.6.4 System Out of Service

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire department shall be notified in writing (email is acceptable) when an emergency responder radio coverage system is out of service and when it is returned to service. Systems out of service shall be repaired and returned to service as soon as possible.
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