ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Energy Conservation Code 2018 (IECC 2018)

IECC — Commercial Provisions

IECC — Residential Provisions

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

User note:

About this chapter: Chapter 1 establishes the limits of applicability of this code and describes how the code is to be applied and enforced. Chapter 1 is in two parts: Part 1—Scope and Application (Sections 101—102) and Part 2—Administration and Enforcement (Sections 103—109). Section 101 identifies which buildings and structures come under its purview and references other I-Codes as applicable. Standards and codes are scoped to the extent referenced (see Section 107.1).

This code is intended to be adopted as a legally enforceable document, and it cannot be effective without adequate provisions for its administration and enforcement. The provisions of Chapter 1 establish the authority and duties of the code official appointed by the authority having jurisdiction and also establish the rights and privileges of the design professional, contractor and property owner.

Part 1 — Scope and Application

Section R101 Scope and General Requirements

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R101.1 Title

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R101.2 Scope

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R101.3 Intent

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R101.4 Applicability

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R101.4.1 Mixed Residential and Commercial Buildings

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R101.5 Compliance

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R101.5.1 Compliance Materials

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Section R101 Scope and General Requirements

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R101.1 Title

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These provisions shall be known as the Philadelphia Amendments to the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and will be referred to herein as the "Philadelphia Energy Conservation Code" or "this code".

R101.2 Scope

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The IECC Residential Provisions of this code apply to residential buildings and their sites, associated systems and equipment.

Exception: Detached one- and two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three stories high with separate means of egress and their accessory structures shall comply with the Philadelphia Residential Code (Subcode R).

R101.3 Intent

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This code shall regulate the design and construction of buildings for the effective use and conservation of energy over the useful life of each building. This code is intended to provide flexibility to permit the use of innovative approaches and techniques to achieve this objective. This code is not intended to abridge safety, health or environmental requirements contained in other applicable codes or ordinances.

R101.4 Applicability

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Where, in any specific case, different sections of this code specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern. Where there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the specific requirement shall govern.

R101.4.1 Mixed Occupancy

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Where a building includes both residential and commercial occupancies, each occupancy shall be separately considered and meet the applicable provisions of IECC — Commercial Provisions or IECC — Residential Provisions.

R101.5 Compliance

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Residential buildings shall meet the provisions of IECC — Residential Provisions. Commercial buildings shall meet the provisions of the IECC — Commercial provisions.

Exception: Detached one- and two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three stories high with separate means of egress and their accessory structures shall comply with the Philadelphia Residential Code (Subcode R).

R101.5.1 Compliance Materials

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The code official shall be permitted to approve specific computer software, worksheets, compliance manuals and other similar materials that meet the intent of this code.

R101.6 Administrative Provisions

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This Chapter contains those provisions that are unique to the administration of this code. All other administrative provisions applicable to this code are set forth in the Administrative Code.

R101.7 Appendices

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No appendices are adopted as a part of this code.
The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or to prohibit any design or method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code. The code official shall have the authority to approve an alternative material, design or method of construction upon application of the owner or the owner's authorized agent. The code official shall first find that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, not less than the equivalent of that prescribed in this code for strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety. Where the alternative material, design or method of construction is not approved, the code official shall respond to the applicant, in writing, stating the reasons why the alternative was not approved.
The code official or other authority having jurisdiction shall be permitted to deem a national, state or local energy-efficiency program to exceed the energy efficiency required by this code. Buildings approved in writing by such an energy-efficiency program shall be considered to be in compliance with this code. The requirements identified as "mandatory" in Chapter 4 shall be met.

Part 2 — Administration and Enforcement

Construction documents, technical reports and other supporting data shall be submitted in one or more sets with each application for a permit. The construction documents and technical reports shall be prepared by a registered design professional where required by the statutes of the jurisdiction in which the project is to be constructed. Where special conditions exist, the code official is authorized to require necessary construction documents to be prepared by a registered design professional.

Exception: The code official is authorized to waive the requirements for construction documents or other supporting data if the code official determines they are not necessary to confirm compliance with this code.

Construction documents shall be drawn to scale on suitable material. Electronic media documents are permitted to be submitted where approved by the code official. Construction documents shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate the location, nature and extent of the work proposed, and show in sufficient detail pertinent data and features of the building, systems and equipment as herein governed. Details shall include the following as applicable:

  1. Insulation materials and their R-values.
  2. Fenestration U-factors and solar heat gain coefficients (SHGC).
  3. Area-weighted U-factor and solar heat gain coefficients (SHGC) calculations.
  4. Mechanical system design criteria.
  5. Mechanical and service water-heating systems and equipment types, sizes and efficiencies.
  6. Equipment and system controls.
  7. Duct sealing, duct and pipe insulation and location.
  8. Air sealing details.
The building thermal envelope shall be represented on the construction documents.

R103.3 Examination of Documents

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R103.3.1 Approval of Construction Documents

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R103.3.2 Previous Approvals

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R103.3.3 Phased Approval

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R103.4 Amended Construction Documents

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R103.5 Retention of Construction Documents

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Section R104 Fees

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R104.1 Fees

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R104.2 Schedule of Permit Fees

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R104.3 Work Commencing Before Permit Issuance

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R104.4 Related Fees

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R104.5 Refunds

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Construction or work for which a permit is required shall be subject to inspection by the code official or his or her designated agent, and such construction or work shall remain visible and able to be accessed for inspection purposes until approved. It shall be the duty of the permit applicant to cause the work to remain visible and able to be accessed for inspection purposes. Neither the code official nor the jurisdiction shall be liable for expense entailed in the removal or replacement of any material, product, system or building component required to allow inspection to validate compliance with this code.
The code official or his or her designated agent, upon notification, shall make the inspections set forth in Sections R105.2.1 through R105.2.5.
Inspections associated with footings and foundations shall verify compliance with the code as to R-value, location, thickness, depth of burial and protection of insulation as required by the code and approved plans and specifications.
Inspections at framing and rough-in shall be made before application of interior finish and shall verify compliance with the code as to: types of insulation and corresponding R-values and their correct location and proper installation; fenestration properties such as U-factor and SHGC and proper installation; and air leakage controls as required by the code; and approved plans and specifications.
Inspections at plumbing rough-in shall verify compliance as required by the code and approved plans and specifications as to types of insulation and corresponding R-values and protection, and required controls.

Inspections at mechanical rough-in shall verify compliance as required by the code and approved plans and specifications as to installed HVAC equipment type and size, required controls, system insulation and corresponding R-value, system air leakage control, programmable thermostats, dampers, whole-house ventilation, and minimum fan efficiency.

Exception: Systems serving multiple dwelling units shall be inspected in accordance with Section C105.2.4.

The building shall have a final inspection and shall not be occupied until approved. The final inspection shall include verification of the installation of all required building systems, equipment and controls and their proper operation and the required number of high-efficacy lamps and fixtures.
A building shall be reinspected where determined necessary by the code official.
The code official is authorized to accept reports of third-party inspection agencies not affiliated with the building design or construction, provided that such agencies are approved as to qualifications and reliability relevant to the building components and systems that they are inspecting.
It shall be the duty of the holder of the permit or their duly authorized agent to notify the code official when work is ready for inspection. It shall be the duty of the permit holder to provide access to and means for inspections of such work that are required by this code.
Where any work or installation does not pass an initial test or inspection, the necessary corrections shall be made to achieve compliance with this code. The work or installation shall then be resubmitted to the code official for inspection and testing.
After the prescribed tests and inspections indicate that the work complies in all respects with this code, a notice of approval shall be issued by the code official.
The code official is authorized to, in writing, suspend or revoke a notice of approval issued under the provisions of this code wherever the certificate is issued in error, or on the basis of incorrect information supplied, or where it is determined that the building or structure, premise, or portion thereof is in violation of any ordinance or regulation or any of the provisions of this code.
If a portion of this code is held to be illegal or void, such a decision shall not affect the validity of the remainder of this code.
The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be those indicated in Chapter 5, and such codes and standards shall be considered as part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference and as further regulated in Sections R107.1.1 and R107.1.2.
Where conflicts occur between provisions of this code and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.
Where the extent of the reference to a referenced code or standard includes subject matter that is within the scope of this code, the provisions of this code, as applicable, shall take precedence over the provisions in the referenced code or standard.
References to chapter or section numbers, or to provisions not specifically identified by number, shall be construed to refer to such chapter, section or provision of this code.
The provisions of this code shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.

Section R108 Stop Work Order

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R108.1 Authority

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R108.2 Issuance

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R108.3 Emergencies

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R108.4 Failure to Comply

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Section R109 Board of Appeals

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R109.1 General

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R109.2 Limitations on Authority

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R109.3 Qualifications

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