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About this chapter:

Chapter 7 provides performance requirements for three aspects of pedestrian circulation in a building:
  1. Means of egress: Section 701 provides guidance by which egress systems for buildings and facilities are designed, evaluated and maintained. Section 701 and Chapter 19 contain the same provisions. It was determined that both Part II and Part III ultimately have the same objectives with regard to egress.
  2. Accessibility: Section 702 provides guidelines to ensure disabled persons have reasonable access to and use of buildings to an extent consistent with that to which people without disabilities are able to access and use buildings. This is consistent with the intent of federal statutes enacted to protect the rights of people with disabilities.
  3. Transportation equipment: Section 703 provides general safety guidelines for installation of elevators, dumbwaiters and escalators inside or outside buildings. These provisions include use during normal operations, use by fire fighters during emergency operations and use by maintenance personnel during activities associated with adjusting, servicing and inspecting elevators.
To protect people during egress and rescue operations.
Enable occupants to exit the building, facility and premises or reach a safe place as appropriate to the design performance level determined in Chapter 3.
To provide people with disabilities reasonable use of the built environment in a manner consistent with that provided to people without disabilities in nonemergency conditions.
Buildings and their site-adjacent facilities shall allow all people, including but not limited to people with disabilities, functional use of spaces based on a space's intended purpose.

Safe and usable routes shall be provided that allow people to:

  1. Approach, enter and leave buildings and sites to and from adjacent transportation stops, walkways and parking areas.
  2. Move within and use building and site spaces based on a facility's intended purpose.
To ensure the safety of all people using, maintaining and inspecting elevators, escalators and similar building transportation equipment inside or outside of buildings.
Building transportation equipment installations for access into, within and outside of buildings shall provide for the safe movement of all people and the safety of maintenance and inspection personnel.

Building transportation equipment shall:

  1. Move people safely when starting, stopping, accelerating, decelerating or changing direction of travel, and hold the rated loads.
  2. Be constructed to avoid the likelihood of people falling, tripping, becoming caught and coming in contact with sharp edges or projections under normal and reasonably foreseeable conditions of use.
  3. Be guided and have sufficient running clearances.
  4. Have controls to stop and prevent restarting in the event of activation of a safety device.
  5. Be capable of being isolated for inspection, testing and maintenance.
  6. Have adequate lighting and ventilation during normal conditions or upon loss of normal power.

Elevators shall be designed and constructed to provide:

  1. A means of communication for trapped passengers in stalled elevators.
  2. Emergency recall operation that discharges passengers at the required designated or alternate landing in the event of a fire emergency.
  3. Emergency in-car operation for fire-fighting and rescue operations.
  4. An environment that ensures the safe operation of the equipment for the anticipated use or application.
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