CODES

ADOPTS WITHOUT AMENDMENTS:

ICC Performance Code for Buildings and Facilities 2009 (ICCPC 2009)

Copyright

Preface

Effective Use of the ICC Performance Code for Buildings and Facilities

Guide to the Use of the ICC Performance Code for Buildings and Facilities

Ordinance

Chapter 1 General Administrative Provisions

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 Design Performance Levels

Chapter 4 Reliability and Durability

Chapter 5 Stability

Chapter 6 Fire Safety

Chapter 7 Pedestrian Circulation

Chapter 8 Safety of Users

Chapter 9 Moisture

Chapter 10 Interior Environment

Chapter 11 Mechanical

Chapter 12 Plumbing

Chapter 13 Fuel Gas

Chapter 14 Electricity

Chapter 15 Energy Efficiency

Chapter 16 Fire Prevention

Chapter 17 Fire Impact Management

Chapter 18 Management of People

Chapter 19 Means of Egress

Chapter 20 Emergency Notification, Access and Facilities

Chapter 21 Emergency Responder Safety

Chapter 22 Hazardous Materials

Appendix A Risk Factors of Use and Occupancy Classifications

Appendix B Worksheet for Assigning Specific Structures to Performance Groups

Appendix C Individually Substantiated Design Method

Appendix D Qualification Characteristics for Design and Review of Performance-Based Designs

Appendix E Use of Computer Models

This chapter provides the basis for developing the acceptable level of design based upon building use, risk factors and magnitudes of event. Magnitudes are defined in subsequent chapters of this code but interrelate with this chapter in the development of design methods for the mitigation of hazards.
To establish performance groups for buildings and facilities and to establish minimum acceptable losses based upon those performance groups.
The performance of a building or facility is based on the ability of the building or facility to tolerate specified magnitudes of event within tolerable limits of damage.
Performance is acceptable when the design performance levels are demonstrated to be met or exceeded, to the satisfaction of the code official, in accordance with the assigned or designated use groups, performance groups, magnitudes of event and maximum tolerable damage limits; and the objectives, functional statements and performance requirements of this code.
The objective of the assignment of use and occupancy classification is to identify the primary uses of buildings and facilities, and portions of buildings and facilities, and to identify risk factors associated with these uses, in order to facilitate design and construction in accordance with other provisions of this code.
In determining the primary use of a building or facility, or portion of a building or facility, the following shall be considered:
The principal purpose or function of the building or facility; and
The hazard-related risk(s) to the users of the building or facility.
The use and occupancy classifications found in the International Building Code shall be permitted to be used for guidance in determining the principal purposes or functions for buildings or facilities.
In determining the hazard-related risk(s) to users of buildings and facilities, the following risk factors shall be considered:
The nature of the hazard, whether it is likely to originate internal or external to the building or facility, and how it may impact the occupants, the building or facility, and the contents.
The number of persons normally occupying, visiting, employed in or otherwise using the building, facility or portion of the building or facility.
The length of time the building or facility is normally occupied by people.
Whether people normally sleep in the building.
Whether the building or facility occupants and other users are expected to be familiar with the building or facility layout and means of egress.
Whether a significant percentage of the building or facility occupants are, or are expected to be, members of vulnerable population groups such as infants, young children, elderly persons, persons with physical disabilities, persons with mental disabilities, or persons with other conditions or impairments that could affect their ability to make decisions, egress without the physical assistance of others or tolerate adverse conditions.
Whether a significant percentage of building or facility occupants and other users have family or dependent relationships.

Use groups and hazard-related occupancies have been allocated to performance groups using the risk factors identified in Section 302.4. Specific buildings and facilities have been allocated to performance groups using the risk factors identified in Section 302.4 combined with the relative importance of protecting the building or facility to the community. These performance group allocations are shown in Table 303.1.

TABLE 303.1
PERFORMANCE GROUP CLASSIFICATIONS FOR BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES

PERFORMANCE GROUP

USE AND OCCUPANCY CLASSIFICATIONS FOR SPECIFIC BUILDINGS OR FACILITIES

I

Buildings and facilities that represent a low hazard to human life in the event of failure, including, but not limited to:

1. Agricultural facilities.

2. Certain temporary facilities.

3. Minor storage facilities.

II

All buildings and facilities except those listed in Performance Groups I, III and IV.

III

Buildings and facilities that represent a substantial hazard to human life in the event of failure, including, but not limited to:

1. Buildings and facilities where more than 300 people congregate in one area.

2. Buildings and facilities with elementary school, secondary school or day care facilities with a capacity greater than 250.

3. Buildings and facilities with a capacity greater than 500 for colleges or adult education facilities.

4. Health-care facilities with a capacity of 50 or more residents but not having surgery or emergency treatment facilities.

5. Jails and detention facilities.

6. Any other occupancy with an occupant load greater than 5,000.

7. Power-generating facilities, water treatment for potable water, wastewater treatment facilities and other public utilities facilities not included in Performance Group IV.

8. Buildings and facilities not included in Performance Group IV containing sufficient quantities of highly toxic gas or explosive materials capable of causing acutely hazardous conditions that do not extend beyond property boundaries.

IV

Buildings and facilities designated as essential facilities, including, but not limited to:

1. Hospitals and other health care facilities having surgery or emergency treatment facilities.

2. Fire, rescue and police stations and emergency vehicle garages.

3. Designated earthquake, hurricane or other emergency shelters.

4. Designated emergency preparedness, communication, and operation centers and other facilities required for emergency response.

5. Power-generating stations and other utilities required as emergency backup facilities for Performance Group IV buildings or facilities.

6. Buildings and facilities containing highly toxic gas or explosive materials capable of causing acutely hazardous conditions beyond the property boundaries.

7. Aviation control towers, air traffic control centers and emergency aircraft hangars.

8. Buildings and facilities having critical national defense functions.

9. Water treatment facilities required to maintain water pressure for fire suppression.

10. Ancillary structures (including, but not limited to, communication towers, fuel storage tanks or other structures housing or supporting water or other fire suppression material or equipment) required for operation of Performance Group IV structures during an emergency.

Where necessary or desired, allocation of specific buildings or facilities to performance groups differing from Table 303.1 is permitted based on the needs specific to a community or owner or if there are unusual circumstances associated with the building or facility. See also Model Adopting Ordinance, Section 2.

Performance groups identify the minimum required performance of buildings or facilities through a relationship of the magnitude of an event to the maximum level of damage to be tolerated shown in Table 303.3. The use of Table 303.3 shall be an iterative process. It shall be used to determine the acceptable impact of certain events based upon their magnitude, and then used iteratively to evaluate various designed mitigation features. Assignment of performance groups is accomplished through consideration of building or facility uses, building or facility risk factors, and the importance of a building or facility to a community.

TABLE 303.3
MAXIMUM LEVEL OF DAMAGE TO BE TOLERATED BASED ON PERFORMANCE GROUPS
AND DESIGN EVENT MAGNITUDES

INCREASING LEVEL OF PERFORMANCE
→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→
PERFORMANCE GROUPS

Performance
Group I

Performance
Group II

Performance
Group III

Performance
Group IV

VERY LARGE
(Very Rare)

SEVERE

SEVERE

HIGH

MODERATE

LARGE
(Rare)

SEVERE

HIGH

MODERATE

MILD

MEDIUM
(Less Frequent)

HIGH

MODERATE

MILD

MILD

SMALL
(Frequent)

MODERATE

MILD

MILD

MILD

There are four performance groups (PG), identified as I, II, III and IV.
The minimum design performance level with which all buildings or facilities posing a low risk to human life, should the buildings or facilities fail, shall comply.
The minimum design performance level with which all buildings or facilities subject to this code, except those classified as PG I, PG III or PG IV, shall comply.
The minimum design performance level with which buildings or facilities of an increased level of societal benefit or importance shall comply.
The minimum design performance level with which buildings or facilities that present an unusually high risk or that are deemed essential facilities shall comply.
The performance group for specific buildings or facilities or classes of buildings or facilities are permitted to be redesignated with the approval of the code official. If a higher design performance level is desired, the design team, with the approval of the code official, may choose a higher performance group. For existing buildings or facilities, the code official is authorized to adjust tolerable limits of impact to a building or facility and its contents.
Design performance levels establish how a building or facility is expected to perform, in terms of tolerable limits, under varying load conditions. For each magnitude of event (small to very large), considered as a design load, based on realistic event scenarios, the design shall provide high confidence that the corresponding maximum level of damage to be tolerated for the appropriate performance group will be met. This relationship is illustrated in Table 303.3.
There are four design performance levels defined in terms of tolerable limits of impact to the building or facility, its contents and its occupants: mild, moderate, high and severe.
The tolerable impacts of the design loads are assumed as follows:
There is no structural damage and the building or facility is safe to occupy.
Nonstructural systems needed for normal building or facility use and emergency operations are fully operational.
Injuries to building or facility occupants from hazard-related applied loads are minimal in numbers and minor in nature. There is a very low likelihood of single or multiple life loss. The nature of the applied load (i.e., fire hazard) may result in higher levels of expected injuries and damage in localized areas, whereas the balance of the areas may sustain fewer injuries and less damage.
Damage to building or facility contents from hazard-related applied loads is minimal in extent and minor in cost.
Minimal hazardous materials are released to the environment.
The tolerable impacts of the design loads are assumed as follows:
There is moderate structural damage, which is repairable; some delay in reoccupancy can be expected.
Nonstructural systems needed for normal building or facility use are fully operational, although some cleanup and repair may be needed. Emergency systems remain fully operational.
Injuries to building or facility occupants from hazard-related applied loads may be locally significant, but generally moderate in numbers and in nature. There is a low likelihood of single life loss with a very low likelihood of multiple life loss. The nature of the applied load (i.e., fire hazard) may result in higher levels of expected injuries and damage in localized areas, whereas the balance of the areas may sustain fewer injuries and less damage.
Damage to building or facility contents from hazard-related applied loads may be locally significant, but is generally moderate in extent and cost. The nature of the applied load (i.e., fire hazard) may result in higher levels of expected injuries and damage in localized areas, whereas the balance of the areas may sustain fewer injuries and less damage.
Some hazardous materials are released to the environment, but the risk to the community is minimal. No emergency relocation is necessary.
The tolerable impacts of the design loads are assumed as follows:
There is significant damage to structural elements but no large falling debris; repair is possible. Significant delays in reoccupancy can be expected.
Nonstructural systems needed for normal building or facility use are significantly damaged and inoperable; egress routes may be impaired by light debris; emergency systems may be significantly damaged, but remain operational.
Injuries to building or facility occupants from hazard-related applied loads may be locally significant with a high risk to life, but are generally moderate in numbers and in nature. There is a moderate likelihood of single life loss, with a low probability of multiple life loss. The nature of the applied load (i.e., fire hazard) may result in higher levels of expected injuries and damage in localized areas, whereas the balance of the areas may sustain fewer injuries and less damage.
Damage to building or facility contents from hazard-related applied loads may be locally total and generally significant. The nature of the applied load (i.e., fire hazard) may result in higher levels of expected injuries and damage in localized areas, whereas the balance of the areas may sustain fewer injuries and less damage.
Hazardous materials are released to the environment with localized relocation needed for buildings and facilities in the immediate vicinity.
The tolerable impacts of the design loads are assumed as follows:
There is substantial structural damage, but all significant components continue to carry gravity load demands. Repair may not be technically possible. The building or facility is not safe for reoccupancy, as reoccupancy could cause collapse.
Nonstructural systems for normal building or facility use may be completely nonfunctional. Egress routes may be impaired; emergency systems may be substantially damaged and nonfunctional.
Injuries to building or facility occupants from hazard-related applied loads may be high in numbers and significant in nature. Significant risk to life may exist. There is a high likelihood of single life loss and a moderate likelihood of multiple life loss. The nature of the applied load (i.e., fire hazard) may result in higher levels of expected injuries and damage in localized areas, whereas the balance of the areas may sustain fewer injuries and less damage.
Damage to building or facility contents from hazard-related applied loads may be total. The nature of the applied load (i.e., fire hazard) may result in higher levels of expected injuries and damage in localized areas, whereas the balance of the areas may sustain fewer injuries and less damage.
Significant hazardous materials are released to the environment, with relocation needed beyond the immediate vicinity.

Magnitude of event encompasses all loads that can be reasonably expected to impact on a building or facility, its users and its contents, during construction and throughout its intended life. This includes building and facility-related and occupancy-related loads, as well as loads resulting from natural and technological hazards.

Determination of magnitude of event shall take into account the design performance levels established by this code, the risk factors identified in Section 302.4 and specific performance criteria established by relevant authoritative documents.

The types of loads affecting main-force-resisting systems, components and contents that may be reasonably expected to impact on the building or facility, its users and its contents during its intended life are provided in Chapter 5 of this code.
The types of loads due to technological hazards that may be reasonably expected to impact on the building or facility, its users and its contents during construction and throughout its intended life include, but are not limited to:
Fires (Chapters 6, 16 and 17).
Explosions (Chapters 5, 22 and Section 801).
Toxic materials (Chapter 22 and Section 801).
Corrosive materials (Chapter 22 and Section 801).
Infectious materials or agents (Chapter 22 and Section 801).
Magnitude of event may be defined, quantified and expressed deterministically or probabilistically according to the best current practice of the relevant profession as published in recognized authoritative documents. In some authoritative documents, magnitude of event may be expressed only for a single performance group (e.g., nominal live and dead loads are defined only for Performance Group II). In other cases, magnitude of event may be provided for all performance levels (e.g., seismic provisions). In all cases, it is the responsibility of the design engineer to demonstrate that the design performance levels are met for the loads anticipated.
For the purpose of this code, the magnitude of event shall be classified as: small, medium, large and very large. Where authoritative documents do not present magnitude of event in this format, it will be the responsibility of the designer to relate the loads to this format and to demonstrate that the minimum design performance levels will be met by the proposed design.
Resources