Facilities shall be designed with safeguards against the spread of fire so that no person not directly adjacent to or involved in the ignition of a fire shall suffer serious injury or death from a fire, and so that the magnitude of the property loss is limited as follows:
Performance Group I—High
Performance Group II—Moderate
Performance Group III—Mild
Performance Group IV—Mild
Design fires and fire scenarios shall be chosen to provide appropriate factors of safety to provide adequate performance by accounting for the following factors:
- Effects of uncertainties arising from construction activities.
- Variations in the properties of materials and the characteristics of the site.
- Accuracy limitations inherent in the methods used to predict the fire safety of the building.
- Variations in the conditions of facilities, systems, contents and occupants.