Subpart A General

Subpart B Adoption and Extension of Established Federal Standards

Subpart C Adoption and Extension of Established Federal Standards

Subpart D Walking-Working Surfaces

Subpart E Means of Egress

Subpart F Powered Platforms, Manlifts, and Vehicle-Mounted Work Platforms

Subpart G Occupational Health and Environmental Control

Subpart H Hazardous Materials

Subpart I Personal Protective Equipment

Subpart J General Environmental Controls

Subpart K Medical and First Aid

Subpart L Fire Protection

Subpart M Compressed Gas and Compressed Air Equipment

Subpart N Materials Handling and Storage

Subpart O Machinery and Machine Guarding

Subpart P Hand and Portable Powered Tools and Other Hand-Held Equipment

Subpart Q Welding, Cutting, and Brazing

Subpart R Special Industries

Subpart S Electrical

Subpart T Commercial Diving Operations

Subpart U [Reserved]

Subpart V [Reserved]

Subpart W Program Standard

Subpart X [Reserved]

Subpart Y [Reserved]

Subpart Z Toxic and Hazardous Substances

Authority: Secs. 4, 6, and 8 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, 29 U.S.C. 653, 655, 657; Walsh-Healey Act, 41 U.S.C. 35 et seq.; Service Contract Act of 1965, 41 U.S.C. 351 et seq.; Sec. 107, Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act (Construction Safety Act), 40 U.S.C. 333; Sec. 41, Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act, 33 U.S.C. 941; National Foundation of Arts and Humanities Act, 20 U.S.C. 951 et seq.; Secretary of Labor's Order No. 12-71 (36 FR 8754), 8-76 (41 FR 25059), 9-83 (48 FR 35736), 1-90 (55 FR 9033), or 6-96 (62 FR 111), as applicable; and 29 CFR Part 1911.

[57 FR 42388, Sept. 14, 1992; 58 FR 21780, April 23, 1993; 58 FR 35308, June 30, 1993; 59 FR 40964, Aug. 10, 1994; 61 FR 9227, March 7, 1996; 61 FR 56746, Nov. 4, 1996; 62 FR 1493, Jan. 10, 1997, 62 FR 40141, July 25, 1997; 63 FR 66270, Dec. 1, 1998]
The provisions of this subpart B adopt and extend the applicability of, established Federal standards in effect on April 28, 1971, with respect to every employer, employee, and employment covered by the Act.
It bears emphasis that only standards (i.e., substantive rules) relating to safety or health are adopted by any incorporations by reference of standards prescribed elsewhere in this chapter or this title. Other materials contained in the referenced parties are not adopted. Illustrations of the types of materials which are not adopted are these. The incorporations by reference of parts 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918 in 1910.13, 1910.14, 1910.15, and 1910.16 are not intended to include the discussion in those parts of the coverage of the Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act or the penalty provisions of the Act. Similarly, the incorporation by reference of part 1926 in 1910.12 is not intended to include references to interpretative rules having relevance to the application of the Construction Safety Act, but having no relevance to the application to the Occupational Safety and Health Act.
The standards prescribed in part 1926 of this chapter are adopted as occupational safety and health standards under section 6 of the Act and shall apply, according to the provisions thereof, to every employment and place of employment of every employee engaged in construction work. Each employer shall protect the employment and places of employment of each of his employees engaged in construction work by complying with the appropriate standards prescribed in this paragraph.
For purposes of this section, "Construction work" means work for construction, alteration, and/or repair, including painting and decorating. See discussion of these terms in 1926.13 of this title.
This section adopts as occupational safety and health standards under section 6 of the Act the standards which are prescribed in part 1926 of this chapter. Thus, the standards (substantive rules) published in subpart C and the following subparts of part 1926 of this chapter are applied. This section does not incorporate subparts A and B of part 1926 of this chapter. Subparts A and B have pertinence only to the application of section 107 of the Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act (the Construction Safety Act). For example, the interpretation of the term "subcontractor" in paragraph (c) of 1926.13 of this chapter is significant in discerning the coverage of the Construction Safety Act and duties thereunder. However, the term "subcontractor" has no significance in the application of the Act, which was enacted under the Commerce Clause and which establishes duties for "employers" which are not dependent for their application upon any contractual relationship with the Federal Government or upon any form of Federal financial assistance.
For the purposes of this part, to the extent that it may not already be included in paragraph (b) of this section, "construction work" includes the erection of new electric transmission and distribution lines and equipment, and the alteration, conversion, and improvement of the existing transmission and distribution lines and equipment.
The standards prescribed by part 1915 (formerly parts 1501-1503) of this title and in effect on April 28, 1971 (as revised), are adopted as occupational safety or health standards under section 6(a) of the Act and shall apply, according to the provisions thereof, to every employment and place of employment of every employee engaged in ship repair, shipbreaking, and shipbuilding, or a related employment. Each employer shall protect the employment and places of employment of each of his employees engaged in ship repair, shipbreaking, and shipbuilding, or a related employment, by complying with the appropriate standards prescribed by this paragraph.
For purposes of this section:
Means any repair of a vessel, including, but not restricted to, alterations, conversions, installations, cleaning, painting, and maintenance work;
Means any breaking down of a vessel's structure for the purpose of scrapping the vessel, including the removal of gear, equipment, or any component part of a vessel;
Means the construction of a vessel, including the installation of machinery and equipment;
Means any employment performed as an incident to, or in conjunction with, ship repair, shipbreaking, and shipbreaking work, including, but not restricted to, inspection, testing, and employment as a watchman; and
Includes every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water, including special purpose floating structures not primarily designed for, or used as a means of, transportation on water.

[58 FR 35308, June 30, 1993]
Part 1918 of this chapter shall apply exclusively, according to the provisions thereof, to all employment of every employee engaged in longshoring operations or related employment aboard any vessel. All cargo transfer accomplished with the use of shore-based material handling devices shall be governed by part 1917 of this chapter.
Part 1910 does not apply to longshoring operations except for the following provisions:
Subpart Z, 1910.1020;
Subpart S when shore-based electrical installations provide power for use aboard vessels;
Subpart Z 1910.1200;
Subpart Z applies to marine cargo handling activities except for the following:
When a substance or cargo is contained within a sealed, intact means of packaging or containment complying with Department of Transportation or International Maritime Organization requirements;(1)


Footnote(1)The International Maritime Organization publishes the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code to aid compliance with the international legal requirements of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960.
Bloodborne pathogens, 1910.1030;
Carbon monoxide, 1910.1000 (See 1918.94(a)); and
Hydrogen sulfide, 1910.1000 (See 1918.94(f)).
Subpart Z, 1910.1096;
Subpart G, 1910.95;
Subpart G, 1910.97;

Note to paragraph (a)(2)(vii):Exposures to nonionizing radiation emissions from commercial vessel transmitters are considered hazardous under the following conditions: (1) where the radar is transmitting, the scanner is stationary, and the exposure distance is 18.7 feet (6 m.) or less; or (2) where the radar is transmitting, the scanner is rotating, and the exposure distance is 5.2 feet (1.8 m.) or less,
Subpart I, 1910.134;
Powered industrial truck operator training, Subpart N, §1910.178(l).
Subpart T;
Part 1917 of this chapter shall apply exclusively, according to the provisions thereof, to employment within a marine terminal, except as follows:
The provisions of part 1917 of this chapter do not apply to the following:
Facilities used solely for the bulk storage, handling and transfer of flammable and combustible liquids and gases.
Fully automated bulk coal handling facilities contiguous to electrical power generating plants.
Facilities subject to the regulations of the Office of Pipeline Safety of the Research and Special Programs Administration, Department of Transportation, (49 CFR chapter I, subchapter D), to the extent such regulations apply to specific working conditions.
Part 1910 does not apply to marine terminals except for the following:
Subpart G, 1910.94(a);
Subpart T;
Subpart S;
Subpart G, 1910.97.
Subpart R, 1910.272;
Subpart Z, 1910.1200;
Subpart Z, 1910.1096;
Subpart G, 1910.95;
Subpart I, 1910.134.
Subpart D, 1910.28;
Subpart N, 1910.177.
Subpart Z applies to marine cargo handling activities except for the following:
When a substance or cargo is contained within a sealed, intact means of packaging or containment complying with Department of Transportation or International Maritime Organization requirements;(2)

Footnote(2)The International Maritime Organization publishes the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code to aid compliance with the international legal requirements of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960.
Bloodborne pathogens, 1910.1030;
Carbon monoxide, 1910.1000 (See 1917.24(a)); and
Hydrogen sulfide, 1910.1000 (See 1917.73(a)(2)); and
Powered industrial truck operator training, Subpart N, §1910.178(l).
Subpart Z, 1910.1020;
For purposes of this section:
Means the loading, unloading, moving, or handling of, cargo, ship's stores, gear, etc., into, in, on, or out of any vessel;
Means any employment performed as an incident to or in conjunction with, longshoring operations including, but not restricted to, securing cargo, rigging, and employment as a porter, checker, or watchman; and
Includes every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water, including special purpose floating structures not primarily designed for, or used as a means of, transportation on water.
Means wharves, bulkheads, quays, piers, docks and other berthing locations and adjacent storage or adjacent areas and structures associated with the primary movement of cargo or materials from vessel to shore or shore to vessel including structures which are devoted to receiving, handling, holding, consolidation and loading or delivery of waterborne shipments or passengers, including areas devoted to the maintenance of the terminal or equipment. The term does not include production or manufacturing areas having their own docking facilities and located at a marine terminal nor does the term include storage facilities directly associated with those production or manufacturing areas.

[39 FR 23502, June 27, 1974, as amended at 48 FR 30908, July 5, 1983; 52 FR 36026, Sept. 25, 1987; 62 FR 40141, July 25, 1997; 63 FR 66270, Dec. 1, 1998]
[Reserved]
[Reserved]
Except, whenever any employment or place of employment is, or becomes, subject to any safety and health standard prescribed in part 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, or 1926 of this title on a date before August 27, 1971, by virtue of the Construction Safety Act or the Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act, that occupational safety and health standard as incorporated by reference in this subpart shall also become effective under the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 on that date.

[61 FR 9227, March 7, 1996]
Whenever an occupational safety and health standard adopted and incorporated by reference in this subpart B is changed pursuant to section 6(b) of the Act and the statute under which the standard was originally promulgated, and in accordance with part 1911 of this chapter, the standard shall be deemed changed for purposes of that statute and this subpart B, and shall apply under this subpart B. For the purposes of this section, a change in a standard includes any amendment, addition, or repeal, in whole or in part, of any standard.
Section 1910.1001 shall apply to the exposure of every employee to asbestos, tremolite, anthophyllite, and actinolite dust in every employment and place of employment covered Sec. 1910.16, in lieu of any different standard on exposure to asbestos, tremolite, anthophyllite, and actinolite dust which would otherwise be applicable by virtue of any of those sections.
Section 1910.1017 shall apply to the exposure of every employee to vinyl chloride in every employment and place of employment covered by 1910.12, 1910.13, 1910.14, 1910.15, or 1910.16, in lieu of any different standard on exposure to vinyl chloride which would otherwise be applicable by virtue of any of those sections.
Section 1910.1045 shall apply to the exposure of every employee to acrylonitrile in every employment and place of employment covered by 1910.12, 1910.13, 1910.14, 1910.15, or 1910.16, in lieu of any different standard on exposure to acrylonitrile which would otherwise be applicable by virtue of any of those sections.
[Reserved]
Section 1910.1018 shall apply to the exposure of every employee to inorganic arsenic in every employment covered by 1910.12, 1910.13, 1910.14, 1910.15, or 1910.16, in lieu of any different standard on exposure to inorganic arsenic which would otherwise be applicable by virtue of any of those sections.
[Reserved]
Section 1910.1025 shall apply to the exposure of every employee to lead in every employment and place of employment covered by 1910.13, 1910.14, 1910.15, and 1910.16, in lieu of any different standard on exposure to lead which would otherwise be applicable by virtue of those sections.
Section 1910.1047 shall apply to the exposure of every employee to ethylene oxide in every employment and place of employment covered by 1910.12, 1910.13, 1910.14, 1910.15, or 1910.16, in lieu of any different standard on exposure to ethylene oxide which would otherwise be applicable by virtue of those sections.
Section 1910.1050 shall apply to the exposure of every employee to MDA in every employment and place of employment covered by 1910.13, 1910.14, 1910.15 or 1910.16, in lieu of any different standard on exposure to MDA which would otherwise be applicable by virtue of those sections.
Section 1910.1048 shall apply to the exposure of every employee to formaldehyde in every employment and place of employment covered by 1910.12, 1910.13, 1910.14, 1910.15 or 1910.16 in lieu of any different standard on exposure to formaldehyde which would otherwise be applicable by virtue of those sections.
Section 1910.1027 shall apply to the exposure of every employee to cadmium in every employment and place of employment covered by 1910.16 in lieu of any different standard on exposures to cadmium that would otherwise be applicable by virtue of those sections.
Section 1910.1051 shall apply to the exposure of every employee to BD in every employment and place of employment covered by Secs. 1910.12, 1910.13, 1910.14, 1910.15, or Sec. 1910.16, in lieu of any different standard on exposure to BD which would otherwise be applicable by virture of those sections.
Section 1910.1052 shall apply to the exposure of every employee to MC in every employment and place of employment covered by 1910.16 in lieu of any different standard on exposure to MC which would otherwise be applicable by virtue of that section when it is not present in sealed, intact containers.

[43 FR 28473, June 30, 1978, as amended at 43 FR 45809, Oct. 3, 1978; 43 FR 53007, Nov. 14, 1978; 44 FR 5447, Jan. 26, 1979; 46 FR 32022, June 19, 1981; 49 FR 25796, June 22, 1984; 50 FR 51173, Dec. 13, 1985; 51 FR 22733, June 20, 1986; 51 FR 37004, Oct. 17, 1986; 52 FR 34562, Sept. 11, 1987; 52 FR 46291, Dec. 4, 1987; 57 FR 35666, Aug. 10, 1992; 57 FR 42388, Sept. 14, 1992; 59 FR 40964, Aug. 10, 1994; 61 FR 56746, Nov. 4, 1996; 62 FR 1493, Jan. 10, 1997]
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