ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Residential Code 2015 (IRC 2015)

Part I — Administrative

Part II — Definitions

Part III — Building Planning and Construction

Part IV — Energy Conservation

Part V — Mechanical

Part VI — Fuel Gas

Part VII — Plumbing

Part VIII — Electrical

Part IX — Referenced Standards

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Appendix G Swimming Pools, Spas and Hot Tubs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section AG101 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AG101.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this appendix shall control the design and construction of swimming pools, spas and hot tubs installed in or on the lot of a one- or two-family dwelling.

Section AG102 Definitions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AG102.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
For the purposes of these requirements, the terms used shall be defined as follows and as set forth in Chapter 2.

ABOVE-GROUND/ON-GROUND POOL. See "Swimming pool."

BARRIER. A fence, wall, building wall or combination thereof which completely surrounds the swimming pool and obstructs access to the swimming pool.

HOT TUB. See "Swimming pool."

IN-GROUND POOL. See "Swimming pool."

RESIDENTIAL. That which is situated on the premises of a detached one- or two-family dwelling or a one-family townhouse not more than three stories in height.

SPA, NONPORTABLE. See "Swimming pool."

SPA, PORTABLE. A nonpermanent structure intended for recreational bathing, in which all controls, water-heating and water-circulating equipment are an integral part of the product.

SWIMMING POOL. Any structure intended for swimming or recreational bathing that contains water over 24 inches (610 mm) deep. This includes in-ground, above-ground and on-ground swimming pools, hot tubs and spas.

SWIMMING POOL, INDOOR. A swimming pool which is totally contained within a structure and surrounded on all four sides by the walls of the enclosing structure.

SWIMMING POOL, OUTDOOR. Any swimming pool which is not an indoor pool.

Section AG103 Swimming Pools

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AG103.1 In-Ground Pools

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In-ground pools shall be designed and constructed in conformance with ANSI/NSPI-5 as listed in Section AG108.

AG103.2 Above-Ground and On-Ground Pools

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The design and construction of above-ground and on-ground pools are not included in this appendix.

Section AG104 Spas and Hot Tubs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AG104.1 Permanently Installed Spas and Hot Tubs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permanently installed spas and hot tubs shall be designed and constructed in conformance with ANSI/NSPI-3 as listed in Section AG108.

AG104.2 Portable Spas and Hot Tubs

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Portable spas and hot tubs shall be designed and constructed in conformance with ANSI/NSPI-6 as listed in Section AG108.

Section AG105 Barrier Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AG105.1 Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this chapter shall control the design of barriers for residential swimming pools, spas and hot tubs. These design controls are intended to provide protection against potential drownings and near-drownings by restricting access to swimming pools, spas and hot tubs.

AG105.2 Outdoor Swimming Pool

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An outdoor swimming pool, including an in-ground, above-ground or on-ground pool, hot tub or spa shall be surrounded by a barrier which shall comply with the following:
  1. The top of the barrier shall be at least 48 inches (1219 mm) above grade measured on the side of the barrier which faces away from the swimming pool. The maximum vertical clearance between grade and the bottom of the barrier shall be 2 inches (51 mm) measured on the side of the barrier which faces away from the swimming pool. Where the top of the pool structure is above grade, such as an above-ground pool, the barrier may be at ground level, such as the pool structure, or mounted on top of the pool structure. Where the barrier is mounted on top of the pool structure, the maximum vertical clearance between the top of the pool structure and the bottom of the barrier shall be 4 inches (102 mm).
  2. Openings in the barrier shall not allow passage of a 4- inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere.
  3. Solid barriers which do not have openings, such as a masonry or stone wall, shall not contain indentations or protrusions that form handholds or footholds, except for normal construction tolerances and tooled masonry joints.
  4. Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is less than 45 inches (1143 mm), the horizontal members shall be located on the swimming pool side of the fence. Spacing between vertical members shall not exceed 13/4 inches (44 mm) in width. Where there are decorative cutouts within vertical members, spacing within the cutouts shall not exceed 13/4 inches (44 mm) in width.
  5. Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is 45 inches (1143 mm) or more, spacing between vertical members shall not exceed 4 inches (102 mm). Where there are decorative cutouts within vertical members, spacing within the cutouts shall not exceed 13/4 inches (44 mm) in width.
  6. Maximum mesh size for chain link fences shall be a 21/4-inch (57 mm) square unless the fence has slats fastened at the top or the bottom which reduce the openings to not more than 13/4 inches (44 mm).
  7. Where the barrier is composed of diagonal members, such as a lattice fence, the maximum opening formed by the diagonal members shall not be more than 13/4 inches (44 mm).
  8. Access gates shall comply with the requirements of Section AG105.2, Items 1 through 7, and shall be equipped to accommodate a locking device. Pedestrian access gates shall open outward away from the pool and shall be self-closing and have a self-latching device. Gates other than pedestrian access gates shall have a selflatching device. Where the release mechanism of the self-latching device is located less than 54 inches (1372 mm) from the bottom of the gate, the release mechanism and openings shall comply with the following:
    1. The release mechanism shall be located on the pool side of the gate at least 3 inches (76 mm) below the top of the gate; and
    2. The gate and barrier shall have no opening larger than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) within 18 inches (457 mm) of the release mechanism.
  9. Where a wall of a dwelling serves as part of the barrier, one of the following conditions shall be met:
    1. The pool shall be equipped with a powered safety cover in compliance with ASTM F1346; or
    2. Other means of protection, such as self-closing doors with self-latching devices, which are approved by the building official, shall be acceptable as long as the degree of protection afforded is not less than the protection afforded by Item 9.1 described above.
  10. Where an above-ground pool structure is used as a barrier or where the barrier is mounted on top of the pool structure, and the means of access is a ladder or steps:
    1. The ladder or steps shall be capable of being secured, locked or removed to prevent access; or
    2. The ladder or steps shall be surrounded by a barrier which meets the requirements of Section AG105.2, Items 1 through 9. When the ladder or steps are secured, locked or removed, any opening created shall not allow the passage of a 4-inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere.

AG105.3 Indoor Swimming Pool

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Walls surrounding an indoor swimming pool shall comply with Section AG105.2, Item 9.

AG105.4 Prohibited Locations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Barriers shall be located to prohibit permanent structures, equipment or similar objects from being used to climb them.

AG105.5 Barrier Exceptions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Spas or hot tubs with a safety cover which complies with ASTM F1346, as listed in Section AG108, shall be exempt from the provisions of this appendix.

Section AG106 Entrapment Protection for Swimming Pool and Spa Suction Outlets

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AG106.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Suction outlets shall be designed and installed in accordance with ANSI/APSP-7.

Section AG107 Abbreviations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AG107.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
ANSI—American National Standards Institute
11 West 42nd Street
New York, NY 10036

APSP—Association of Pool and Spa Professionals
NSPI—National Spa and Pool Institute
2111 Eisenhower Avenue
Alexandria, VA 22314

ASCE—American Society of Civil Engineers
1801 Alexander Bell Drive
Reston, VA 98411-0700

ASTM—ASTM International
100 Barr Harbor Drive,
West Conshohocken, PA 19428

Section AG108 Standards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

AG108.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
ANSI/NSPI

ANSI/NSPI-3-14 Standard for
Permanently Installed Residential Spas ....................AG104.1

ANSI/NSPI-4-12 Standard for Above-ground/
On-ground Residential Swimming Pools ..................AG103.2

ANSI/NSPI-5-11 Standard for
Residential In-ground Swimming Pools....................AG103.1

ANSI/NSPI-6-13 Standard for
Residential Portable Spas ..........................................AG104.2

ANSI/APSP

ANSI/APSP-7-13 Standard for Suction Entrapment
avoidance in Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, Spas,
Hot Tubs and Catch Basins .......................................AG106.1

ASTM

ASTM F1346-91 (2010) Performance Specification
for Safety Covers and Labeling Requirements for
All Covers for Swimming Pools,
Spas and Hot Tubs....................................AG105.2, AG105.5
UpCodes Premium
Leverage the most sophisticated code compliance platform.
TRY FREE FOR TWO WEEKS VISIT PRICING