ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Residential Code 2015 (IRC 2015)

Part I — Administrative

Part II — Definitions

Part III — Building Planning and Construction

Part IV — Energy Conservation

Part V — Mechanical

Part VI — Fuel Gas

Part VII — Plumbing

Part VIII — Electrical

Part IX — Referenced Standards

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Chapter 23 Solar Thermal Energy Systems

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section M2301 Thermal Solar Thermal Energy Systems

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

M2301.1 General

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
This section provides for the design, construction, installation, alteration and repair of equipment and systems using solar nonpotable space heating or cooling, and swimming pool heating. Equipment and systems using solar energy to directly or indirectly heat potable water are regulated under the Plumbing Code.

M2301.2 Design and Installation

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The installation of solar energy systems shall comply with Sections M2301.2.1 through M2301.2.13.
Solar energy collectors, controls, dampers, fans, blowers and pumps shall be accessible for inspection, maintenance, repair and replacement.
Solar collectors and panels shall comply with Sections M2301.2.2.1 and M2301.2.2.2.
The roof shall be constructed to support the loads imposed by roof-mounted solar collectors. Roof-mounted solar collectors that serve as a roof covering shall conform to the requirements for roof coverings in Chapter 9 of this code. Where mounted on or above the roof coverings, the collectors and supporting structure shall be constructed of noncombustible materials or fire-retardant-treated wood equivalent to that required for the roof construction.
Collector sensor installation, sensor location and the protection of exposed sensor wires from ultraviolet light shall be in accordance with SRCC 300.

M2301.2.3 Pressure and Temperature Relief Valves and System Components

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
System components containing fluids shall be protected with temperature and pressure relief valves or pressure relief valves. Relief devices shall be installed in sections of the system so that a section cannot be valved off or isolated from a relief device. System components shall have a working pressure rating of not less than the setting of the pressure relief device.
System components that might be subjected to pressure drops below atmospheric pressure during operation or shutdown shall be protected by a vacuum-relief valve.
Piping shall be insulated in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 11. Exterior insulation shall be protected from ultraviolet degradation. The entire solar loop shall be insulated. Where split-style insulation is used, the seam shall be sealed. Fittings shall be fully insulated.

Exceptions:
  1. Those portions of the piping that are used to help prevent the system from overheating shall not be required to be insulated.
  2. Those portions of piping that are exposed to solar radiation, made of the same material as the solar collector absorber plate and are covered in the same manner as the solar collector absorber, or that are used to collect additional solar energy, shall not be required to be insulated.
  3. Piping in thermal solar systems using unglazed solar collectors to heat a swimming pool shall not be required to be insulated.

M2301.2.6 Protection From Freezing

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
System components shall be protected from damage resulting from freezing of heat-transfer liquids at the winter design temperature provided in Table R301.2(1). Freeze protection shall be provided by heating, insulation, thermal mass and heat transfer fluids with freeze points lower than the winter design temperature, heat tape or other approved methods, or combinations thereof.
Storage tank sensors shall comply with SRCC 300.
Expansion tanks in solar energy systems shall be installed in accordance with Section M2003 in solar collector loops that contain pressurized heat transfer fluid. Where expansion tanks are used, the system shall be designed in accordance with SRCC 300 to provide an expansion tank that is sized to withstand the maximum operating pressure of the system.

Exception: Expansion tanks shall not be required in drain-back systems.
Roof and wall penetrations shall be flashed and sealed in accordance with Chapter 9 of this code to prevent entry of water, rodents and insects.
Solar thermal systems shall comply with description label and warning label requirements of Section M2301.2.11.2 and SRCC 300.
Solar loops shall be in accordance with Sections M2301.2.11.1 and M2301.2.11.2.
Valves shall be installed to allow the solar collectors to be isolated from the remainder of the system.
Drain and fill valves shall be labeled with a description and warning that identifies the fluid in the solar loop and a warning that the fluid might be discharged at high temperature and pressure. Drain caps shall be installed at drain and fill valves.
Systems shall be equipped with means to limit the maximum water temperature of the system fluid entering or exchanging heat with any pressurized vessel inside the dwelling to 180°F (82°C). This protection is in addition to the required temperature- and pressure-relief valves required by Section M2301.2.3.

M2301.2.13 Thermal Storage Unit Seismic Bracing

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In Seismic Design Categories D1 and D2 and in townhouses in Seismic Design Category C, thermal storage units shall be anchored in accordance with Section M1307.2.
Labeling shall comply with Sections M2301.3.1 and M2301.3.2.

M2301.3.1 Collectors and Panels

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Solar thermal collectors and panels shall be listed and labeled in accordance with SRCC 100. Collectors and panels shall be listed and labeled to show the manufacturer's name, model number, serial number, collector weight, collector maximum allowable temperatures and pressures, and the type of heat transfer fluids that are compatible with the collector or panel. The label shall clarify that these specifications apply only to the collector or panel.
Pressurized thermal storage units shall be listed and labeled to show the manufacturer's name, model number, serial number, storage unit maximum and minimum allowable operating temperatures and pressures, and the type of heat transfer fluids that are compatible with the storage unit. The label shall clarify that these specifications apply only to the thermal storage unit.

M2301.4 Heat Transfer Gasses or Liquids and Heat Exchangers

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Essentially toxic transfer fluids, ethylene glycol, flammable gases and flammable liquids shall not be used as heat transfer fluids. Heat transfer gasses and liquids shall be rated to withstand the system's maximum design temperature under operating conditions without degradation. Heat exchangers used in solar thermal systems shall comply with the Plumbing Code and SRCC 300.

   Heat transfer fluids shall be in accordance with SRCC 300. The flash point of the heat transfer fluids utilized in solar thermal systems shall be not less than 50°F (28°C) above the design maximum nonoperating or no-flow temperature attained by the fluid in the collector.

M2301.5 Backflow Protection

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Connections from the potable water supply to solar systems shall comply with the Plumbing Code.
Air provided to occupied spaces that passes through thermal mass storage systems by mechanical means shall be filtered for particulates at the outlet of the thermal mass storage system.

M2301.7 Solar Thermal Systems for Heating Potable Water

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

M2301.7.1 Indirect Systems

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M2301.7.2 Direct Systems

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Section M2302 Photovoltaic Systems

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M2302 Photovoltaic Systems

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Photovoltaic (PV) systems shall be installed in conformance with Section 3111 of the Building Code. All electrical PV installations shall comply with the Electrical Code.
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