ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fire Code 2012 (IFC 2012)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Chapter 11
Construction
Fire and Life Safety Requirements for Existing Buildings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1101.1 Scope

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this chapter shall apply to existing buildings constructed prior to a state building code regulation applicable at the time of construction [Oregon Revised Statute (ORS) 476.030(c)]. Once a building has been reviewed and is in conformance with this chapter, so long as the building is built, occupied, and maintained in conformity with that approval, no additional requirements will be necessary.
ORS 476.030(c) is not part of this code but is reproduced or paraphrased here for the reader's convenience.

ORS 476.030(c) defines the rules for maintenance and regulations of structural fire safety features in occupied structures and overseeing the safety and directing the means and adequacy of exits in case of fire except that structural changes shall not be required in buildings built, occupied and maintained in conformity with state building code regulations applicable at the time of construction.

1101.2 Intent

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The intent of this chapter is to provide a minimum degree of fire and life safety in conjunction with Oregon Administrative Rule (OAR) 837-041-0050 to persons occupying existing buildings by providing minimum construction requirements where such existing buildings do not comply with the minimum requirements of the International Building Code.
OAR 837-041-0050 is not part of this code but is reproduced or paraphrased here for the reader's convenience.

OAR 837-041-0050 defines the rules for abatement, repair or discontinuance of use or occupancy of unsafe buildings and specifies the parameters that are used to determine the degree of fire and life hazard.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Sections 105.6 and 105.7 and the International Building Code.

1101.4 Owner Notification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When a building is found to be in noncompliance with this chapter, the fire code official shall duly notify the owner of the building. Upon receipt of such notice, the owner shall, subject to the following time limits, take necessary actions to comply with the provisions of one of the following:
  1. Chapter 11, Fire and Life Safety Requirements for Existing Buildings, of the Oregon Fire Code.
  2. Oregon Administrative Rule 837-041-0050, Fire Protection Regulations relating to Existing Nonconforming, High Life Hazard Facilities.
  3. Chapter 34, Existing Structures, of the Oregon Structural Specialty Code.
Construction documents necessary to comply with this chapter shall be completed and submitted within a time schedule approved by the fire code official.
Work necessary to comply with this chapter shall be completed within a time schedule approved by the fire code official.
The fire code official is authorized to grant necessary extensions of time when it can be shown that the specified time periods are not physically practical or pose an undue hardship. The granting of an extension of time for compliance shall be based on the showing of good cause and subject to the filing of an acceptable systematic plan of correction with the fire code official.
The following term is defined in Chapter 2 :
Existing buildings shall comply with not less than the minimum provisions specified in Table 1103.1 and as further enumerated in Sections 1103.2 through 1103.9.

The provisions of this chapter shall not be construed to allow the elimination of fire protection systems or a reduction in the level of fire safety provided in buildings constructed in accordance with previously adopted codes.
Exception: Group U occupancies.
TABLE 1103.1
OCCUPANCY AND USE REQUIREMENTSa
SECTION USE OCCUPANCY CLASSIFICATION
High rise Atrium or
covered
mall
Under-
ground
building
A B E F H-1 H-2 H-3 H-4 H-5 I-1 I-2 I-3 I-4 M R-1 R-2 R-3 R-4 S
1103.2 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
1103.3 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
1103.4.1 R R R R R R
1103.4.2 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
1103.4.3 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
1103.4.4 R
1103.4.5 R R
1103.4.6 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
1103.4.7 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
1103.5.1 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
1103.5.2 R
1103.6.1 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
1103.6.2 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
1103.7.1 R
1103.7.2 R
1103.7.3 R
1103.7.4 R
1103.7.5 R
1103.7.6 R
1103.7.7 R
1103.8 R R R R
1103.9 R R R R R R R R R
1104 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
  1. Existing buildings shall comply with the sections identified as "Required" (R) based on occupancy classification or use, or both, whichever is applicable.
R = The building is required to comply.
Existing buildings that do not have approved radio coverage for emergency responders within the building based upon the existing coverage levels of the public safety communication systems of the jurisdiction at the exterior of the building, shall be equipped with such coverage according to one of the following:
  1. Whenever an existing wired communication system cannot be repaired or is being replaced, or where not approved in accordance with Section 510.1, Exception 1.
  2. Within a time frame established by the adopting authority.
Exception: Where it is determined by the fire code official that the radio coverage system is not needed.
Existing elevators with a travel distance of 25 feet (7620 mm) or more above or below the main floor or other level of a building and intended to serve the needs of emergency personnel for fire-fighting or rescue purposes shall be provided with emergency operation in accordance with ASME A17.3.
Interior vertical shafts, including but not limited to stairways, elevator hoistways, service and utility shafts, that connect two or more stories of a building, shall be enclosed or protected as specified in Sections 1103.4.1 through 1103.4.7.
In Group I occupancies, interior vertical openings connecting two or more stories shall be protected with 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction.
In other than Group I occupancies, interior vertical openings connecting three to five stories shall be protected by either 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction or an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout the building in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2.
Exceptions:
  1. Vertical opening protection is not required for Group R-3 occupancies.
  2. Vertical opening protection is not required for open parking garages and ramps.
  3. Vertical opening protection for escalators shall be in accordance with Section 1103.4.5, 1103.4.6 or 1103.4.7.
In other than Group I occupancies, interior vertical openings connecting more than five stories shall be protected by 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction.
Exceptions:
  1. Vertical opening protection is not required for Group R-3 occupancies.
  2. Vertical opening protection is not required for open parking garages and ramps.
  3. Vertical opening protection for escalators shall be in accordance with Section 1103.4.5, 1103.4.6 or 1103.4.7.
In other than Group I occupancies, interior vertical openings in a covered mall building or a building with an atrium shall be protected by either 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction or an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout the building in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2.
Exceptions:
  1. Vertical opening protection is not required for Group R-3 occupancies.
  2. Vertical opening protection is not required for open parking garages and ramps.
Escalators creating vertical openings connecting any number of stories shall be protected by either 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction or an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 installed throughout the building, with a draft curtain and closely spaced sprinklers around the escalator opening.
In other than Group B and M occupancies, escalators creating vertical openings connecting four or fewer stories shall be protected by either 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction or an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2 shall be installed throughout the building, and a draft curtain with closely spaced sprinklers shall be installed around the escalator opening.
In other than Group B and M occupancies, escalators creating vertical openings connecting five or more stories shall be protected by 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in existing buildings in accordance with Sections 1103.5.1 and 1103.5.2.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout existing buildings where cellulose nitrate film or pyroxylin plastics are manufactured, stored or handled in quantities exceeding 100 pounds (45 kg). Vaults located within buildings for the storage of raw pyroxylin shall be protected with an approved automatic sprinkler system capable of discharging 1.66 gallons per minute per square foot (68 L/min/m2) over the area of the vault.
An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout existing Group I-2 fire areas. The sprinkler system shall be provided throughout the floor where the Group I-2 occupancy is located, and in all floors between the Group I-2 occupancy and the level of exit discharge.
Existing structures shall be equipped with standpipes installed in accordance with Section 905 where required in Sections 1103.6.1 and 1103.6.2. The fire code official is authorized to approve the installation of manual standpipe systems to achieve compliance with this section where the responding fire department is capable of providing the required hose flow at the highest standpipe outlet.
Existing buildings with occupied floors located more than 50 feet (15 240 mm) above the lowest level of fire department access or more than 50 feet (15 240 mm) below the highest level of fire department access shall be equipped with standpipes.
Existing buildings with a rooftop helistop or heliport located more than 30 feet (9144 mm) above the lowest level of fire department access to the roof level on which the helistop or heliport is located shall be equipped with standpipes in accordance with Section 2007.5.
An approved fire alarm system shall be installed in existing buildings and structures in accordance with Sections 1103.7.1 through 1103.7.7 and provide occupant notification in accordance with Section 907.5 unless other requirements are provided by other sections of this code.
Exception: Occupancies with an existing, previously approved fire alarm system.
A fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group E occupancies in accordance with Section 907.2.3.
Exceptions:
  1. A manual fire alarm system is not required in a building with a maximum area of 1,000 square feet (93 m2) that contains a single classroom and is located no closer than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from another building.
  2. A manual fire alarm system is not required in Group E occupancies with an occupant load less than 50.

1103.7.2 Group I-1

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
An automatic smoke detection system shall be installed in existing Group I-1 residential care/assisted living facilities in accordance with Section 907.2.6.1.
Exceptions:
  1. Manual fire alarm boxes in resident or patient sleeping areas shall not be required at exits if located at all nurses' control stations or other constantly attended staff locations, provided such stations are visible and continuously accessible and that travel distances required in Section 907.5.2 are not exceeded.
  2. Where each sleeping room has a means of egress door opening directly to an exterior egress balcony that leads directly to the exits in accordance with Section 1019, and the building is not more than three stories in height.
An automatic fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group I-2 occupancies in accordance with Section 907.2.6.2.
Exception: Manual fire alarm boxes in resident or patient sleeping areas shall not be required at exits if located at all nurses' control stations or other constantly attended staff locations, provided such stations are visible and continuously accessible and that travel distances required in Section 907.4.2.1 are not exceeded.
An automatic and manual fire alarm system shall be installed in existing Group I-3 occupancies in accordance with Section 907.2.6.3.
A fire alarm system and smoke alarms shall be installed in existing Group R-1 occupancies in accordance with Sections 1103.7.5.1 through 1103.7.5.2.1.
A manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with Section 907.5 shall be installed in existing Group R-1 hotels and motels more than three stories or with more than 20 sleeping units.
Exceptions:
  1. Buildings less than two stories in height where all sleeping units, attics and crawl spaces are separated by 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction and each sleeping unit has direct access to a public way, egress court or yard.
  2. Manual fire alarm boxes are not required throughout the building when the following conditions are met:
    1. The building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2;
    2. The notification appliances will activate upon sprinkler water flow; and
    3. At least one manual fire alarm box is installed at an approved location.
An automatic smoke detection system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with Section 907.5 shall be installed in existing Group R-1 hotels and motels throughout all interior corridors serving sleeping rooms not equipped with an approved, supervised sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.
Exception: An automatic smoke detection system is not required in buildings that do not have interior corridors serving sleeping units and where each sleeping unit has a means of egress door opening directly to an exit or to an exterior exit access that leads directly to an exit.
A manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with Section 907.5 shall be installed in existing Group R-1 boarding and rooming houses.
Exception: Buildings less than two stories in height where all sleeping units, attics and crawl spaces are separated by 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction and each sleeping unit has direct access to a public way, egress court or yard.
An automatic smoke detection system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with Section 907.5 shall be installed in existing Group R-1 boarding and rooming houses throughout all interior corridors serving sleeping units not equipped with an approved, supervised sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.
Exception: Buildings equipped with single-station smoke alarms meeting or exceeding the requirements of Section 907.2.11.1 and where the fire alarm system includes at least one manual fire alarm box per floor arranged to initiate the alarm.
A manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with Section 907.5 shall be installed in existing Group R-2 occupancies more than three stories in height or with more than 16 dwelling or sleeping units.
Exceptions:
  1. Where each living unit is separated from other contiguous living units by fire barriers having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 0.75 hour, and where each living unit has either its own independent exit or its own independent stairway or ramp discharging at grade.
  2. A separate fire alarm system is not required in buildings that are equipped throughout with an approved supervised automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2 and having a local alarm to notify all occupants.
  3. A fire alarm system is not required in buildings that do not have interior corridors serving dwelling units and are protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2, provided that dwelling units either have a means of egress door opening directly to an exterior exit access that leads directly to the exits or are served by open-ended corridors designed in accordance with Section 1026.6, Exception 4.

1103.7.7 Group R-4

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with Section 907.5 shall be installed in existing Group R-4 residential care/assisted living facilities in accordance with Section 907.2.10.1.
Single- and multiple-station smoke alarms shall be installed in existing Group I-1 and R occupancies in accordance with Sections 1103.8.1 through 1103.8.3.
Existing Group I-1 and R occupancies shall be provided with single-station smoke alarms in accordance with Section 907.2.11, except as provided in Sections 1103.8.2 and 1103.8.3.
Exceptions:
  1. Where the code that was in effect at the time of construction required smoke alarms and smoke alarms complying with those requirements are already provided.
  2. Where smoke alarms have been installed in occupancies and dwellings that were not required to have them at the time of construction, additional smoke alarms shall not be required provided that the existing smoke alarms comply with requirements that were in effect at the time of installation.
  3. Where smoke detectors connected to a fire alarm system have been installed as a substitute for smoke alarms.
Where more than one smoke alarm is required to be installed within an individual dwelling or sleeping unit, the smoke alarms shall be interconnected in such a manner that the activation of one alarm will activate all of the alarms in the individual unit. Physical interconnection of smoke alarms shall not be required where listed wireless alarms are installed and all alarms sound upon activation of one alarm. The alarm shall be clearly audible in all bedrooms over background noise levels with all intervening doors closed.
Exceptions:
  1. Interconnection is not required in buildings that are not undergoing alterations, repairs or construction of any kind.
  2. Smoke alarms in existing areas are not required to be interconnected where alterations or repairs do not result in the removal of interior wall or ceiling finishes exposing the structure, unless there is an attic, crawl space or basement available which could provide access for interconnection without the removal of interior finishes.
Single-station smoke alarms shall receive their primary power from the building wiring provided that such wiring is served from a commercial source and shall be equipped with a battery backup. Smoke alarms with integral strobes that are not equipped with battery backup shall be connected to an emergency electrical system. Smoke alarms shall emit a signal when the batteries are low. Wiring shall be permanent and without a disconnecting switch other than as required for overcurrent protection.
Exceptions:
  1. Smoke alarms are permitted to be solely battery operated in existing buildings where no construction is taking place.
  2. Smoke alarms are permitted to be solely battery operated in buildings that are not served from a commercial power source.
  3. Smoke alarms are permitted to be solely battery operated in existing areas of buildings undergoing alterations or repairs that do not result in the removal of interior walls or ceiling finishes exposing the structure, unless there is an attic, crawl space or basement available which could provide access for building wiring without the removal of interior finishes.

1103.9 Carbon Monoxide Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Approved carbon monoxide alarms in existing buildings and structures shall be provided in the locations described in Sections 1103.9.1 and 1103.9.2.
Exception: Sleeping units or dwelling units which do not themselves contain a fuel-burning appliance or have an attached garage, but which are located in a building with a fuel-burning appliance or an attached garage, need not be equipped with single-station carbon monoxide alarms provided that:
  1. The sleeping unit or dwelling unit is located more than one story above or below any story that contains a fuel-burning appliance or an attached garage;
  2. The sleeping unit or dwelling unit is not connected by duct work or ventilation shafts to any room containing a fuel-burning appliance or to an attached garage; and
  3. The building is provided with a common area carbon monoxide alarm system.

1103.9.1 Group I

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Existing Group I occupancies located in a building containing a fuel-burning appliance or a building which has an attached garage shall be equipped with single-station carbon monoxide alarms. The carbon monoxide alarms shall be listed as complying with UL 2034, and be installed and maintained in accordance with NFPA 720 and the manufacturer's instructions. An open parking garage, as defined in the International Building Code, or an enclosed parking garage ventilated in accordance with Section 404 of the International Mechanical Code shall not be deemed to be an attached garage.

Exception: Sleeping units which do not themselves contain a fuel-burning appliance or have an attached garage, but which are located in a building with a fuel-burning appliance or an attached garage, need not be equipped with single-station carbon monoxide alarms provided that:
  1. The sleeping unit is located more than one story above or below any story that contains a fuel-burning appliance or an attached garage;
  2. The sleeping unit is not connected by duct work or ventilation shafts to any room containing a fuelburning appliance or to an attached garage; and
  3. The building is provided with a common area carbon monoxide alarm system.

1103.9.1.1 Carbon Monoxide Detection Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Carbon monoxide detection systems which include carbon monoxide detectors and audible notification appliances, installed and maintained in accordance with this section for carbon monoxide alarms and NFPA 720 shall be permitted. The carbon monoxide detectors shall be listed as complying with UL 2075.

1103.9.2 Group R

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Carbon monoxide alarms or a household carbon monoxide detection system shall be installed in Group R occupancies in accordance with this code and OAR 837, Division 047.

1103.9.2.1 Installation Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Carbon monoxide alarms shall be located in each bedroom or within 15 feet (4572 mm) outside each bedroom door. Bedrooms on separate floor levels in a structure consisting of two or more stories shall have separate carbon monoxide alarms serving each story.

1103.9.2.1.2 Three or More Dwelling Units

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In addition to the locations required by Section 1103.9.2.1, a carbon monoxide alarm shall be installed in any enclosed common areas within buildings containing three or more dwelling units.

1103.9.2.2 Alarm Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1103.9.2.2.1 Single Station Alarm Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Single station carbon monoxide alarms shall be listed as complying with ANSI/UL 2034 and shall be installed in accordance with this code and the manufacturer's installation instructions.

1103.9.2.2.2 Household Carbon Monoxide Detection Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Household carbon monoxide detection systems, that include carbon monoxide detectors and audible notification appliances, installed and maintained in accordance with this section for carbon monoxide alarms and NFPA 720 shall be permitted. The carbon monoxide detectors shall be listed as complying with ANSI/UL 2075.

1103.9.2.2.3 Combination Smoke/Carbon Monoxide Alarm/Detectors Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Combination smoke/carbon monoxide alarms shall be listed as complying with ANSI/UL 2034 and ANSI/UL 217. Combination smoke/carbon monoxide detectors shall be listed as complying with ANSI/UL 2075 and ANSI/UL 268. See Section 907.2.11 of this code for additional requirements specific to the installation of smoke alarms.

1103.9.2.3 Power Source

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1103.9.2.3.1 Carbon Monoxide Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Single station carbon monoxide alarms shall be battery operated, or may receive their primary power from the building wiring system. Plug-in devices securely fastened to the structure and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions are deemed to satisfy this requirement. Hard-wired and plug-in carbon monoxide alarms shall be equipped with battery backup.

1103.9.2.3.2 Household Carbon Monoxide Detection Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Required power supply sources for household carbon monoxide detection systems shall be in accordance with NFPA 720.

1103.9.2.3.3 Combination Smoke/Carbon Monoxide Alarms/Detectors

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Combination smoke/carbon monoxide alarms/detectors shall receive their power source in accordance with Section 907.2.11.4 and NFPA 72. Smoke alarm features of combination smoke/carbon monoxide alarms shall be interconnected.

Exception: Interconnection and hard wiring of combination smoke/carbon monoxide alarms/ detectors in existing areas shall not be required where the alterations or repairs do not result in the removal of interior wall or ceiling finishes exposing the structure.

1103.9.2.4 Where Required in Existing Affected Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where a new carbon monoxide source is introduced or work requiring a structural permit occurs in existing Group R occupancies, carbon monoxide alarms shall be provided in accordance with Sections 1103.9.2.1 through 1103.9.7.2.3 of this code.

Exception: Work involving the exterior surfaces of affected occupancies, such as the replacement of roofing or siding, or the addition or replacement of windows or doors, or the addition of a porch or deck, are exempt from the requirements of this section.

1103.9.2.5 Testing and Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Carbon monoxide alarms shall be maintained and tested in accordance with Section 908.7.5.

1103.10 Special Provisions for Educational Occupancies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In educational occupancies constructed prior to October 1, 2004, rooms used for kindergarten, first- and second-grade pupils and daycares shall not be located above or below the first story.

Exceptions:
  1. Basements or stories having floor levels located within 4 feet (1219 mm), measured vertically, from adjacent ground level at the point of exit, provided the basement or story has exterior exit doors at that level.
  2. In buildings equipped with an automatic sprinkler system throughout, rooms used for kindergarten, first- and second-grade children or for a day-care purpose may be located on the second story, provided there are at least two exterior exit doors for the exclusive use of such occupants.

1104.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Means of egress in existing buildings shall comply with the minimum egress requirements when specified in Table 1103.1 as further enumerated in Sections 1104.2 through 1104.24, and the building code that applied at the time of construction. Where the provisions of this chapter conflict with the building code that applied at the time of construction, the most restrictive provision shall apply. Existing buildings that were not required to comply with a building code at the time of construction shall comply with the minimum egress requirements when specified in Table 1103.1 as further enumerated in Sections 1104.2 through 1104.24. See also OAR 837, Division 41.
OAR 837, Division 41 is not part of this code but is reproduced or paraphrased here for the reader's convenience.

OAR 837, Division 41 regulates exitway protection.
Elevators, escalators and moving walks shall not be used as a component of a required means of egress.
Exceptions:
  1. Elevators used as an accessible means of egress where allowed by Section 1007.4.
  2. Previously approved escalators and moving walks in existing buildings.
Exit signs shall be internally or externally illuminated. The face of an exit sign illuminated from an external source shall have an intensity of not less than 5 footcandles (54 lux). Internally illuminated signs shall provide equivalent luminance and be listed for the purpose.
Exception: Approved self-luminous signs that provide evenly illuminated letters shall have a minimum luminance of 0.06 foot-lamberts (0.21 cd/m2).
Where emergency illumination is required in Section 1104.5, exit signs shall be visible under emergency illumination conditions.
Exception: Approved signs that provide continuous illumination independent of external power sources are not required to be connected to an emergency electrical system.
The power supply for means of egress illumination shall normally be provided by the premises' electrical supply. In the event of power supply failure, illumination shall be automatically provided from an emergency system for the following occupancies where such occupancies require two or more means of egress:
  1. Group A having 50 or more occupants.
    Exception: Assembly occupancies used exclusively as a place of worship and having an occupant load of less than 300.
  2. Group B buildings three or more stories in height, buildings with 100 or more occupants above or below a level of exit discharge serving the occupants or buildings with 1,000 or more total occupants.
  3. Group E in interior stairs, corridors, windowless areas with student occupancy, shops and laboratories.
  4. Group F having more than 100 occupants.
    Exception: Buildings used only during daylight hours which are provided with windows for natural light in accordance with the International Building Code.
  5. Group I.
  6. Group M.
    Exception: Buildings less than 3,000 square feet (279 m2) in gross sales area on one story only, excluding mezzanines.
  7. Group R-1.
    Exception: Where each sleeping unit has direct access to the outside of the building at grade.
  8. Group R-2.
    Exception: Where each dwelling unit or sleeping unit has direct access to the outside of the building at grade.
  9. Group R-4.
    Exception: Where each sleeping unit has direct access to the outside of the building at ground level.
In other than Group I-2, the emergency power system shall provide power for not less than 60 minutes and consist of storage batteries, unit equipment or an on-site generator. In Group I-2, the emergency power system shall provide power for not less than 90 minutes and consist of storage batteries, unit equipment or an on-site generator. The installation of the emergency power system shall be in accordance with Section 604.
Guards complying with this section shall be provided at the open sides of means of egress that are more than 30 inches (762 mm) above the floor or grade below.
Guards shall form a protective barrier not less than 42 inches (1067 mm) high.
Exceptions:
  1. Existing guards on the open side of stairs shall be not less than 30 inches (760 mm) high.
  2. Existing guards within dwelling units shall be not less than 36 inches (910 mm) high.
  3. Existing guards in assembly seating areas.
Open guards shall have balusters or ornamental patterns such that a 6-inch-diameter (152 mm) sphere cannot pass through any opening up to a height of 34 inches (864 mm).
Exceptions:
  1. At elevated walking surfaces for access to, and use of, electrical, mechanical or plumbing systems or equipment, guards shall have balusters or be of solid materials such that a sphere with a diameter of 21 inches (533 mm) cannot pass through any opening.
  2. In occupancies in Group I-3, F, H or S, the clear distance between intermediate rails measured at right angles to the rails shall not exceed 21 inches (533 mm).
  3. Approved existing open guards.
The minimum width of each door opening shall be sufficient for the occupant load thereof and shall provide a clear width of not less than 28 inches (711 mm). Where this section requires a minimum clear width of 28 inches (711 mm) and a door opening includes two door leaves without a mullion, one leaf shall provide a clear opening width of 28 inches (711 mm). The maximum width of a swinging door leaf shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) nominal. Means of egress doors in an occupancy in Group I-2 used for the movement of beds shall provide a clear width not less than 41.5 inches (1054 mm). The height of doors shall not be less than 80 inches (2032 mm).
Exceptions:
  1. The minimum and maximum width shall not apply to door openings that are not part of the required means of egress in occupancies in Groups R-2 and R-3.
  2. Door openings to storage closets less than 10 square feet (0.93 m2) in area shall not be limited by the minimum width.
  3. Width of door leafs in revolving doors that comply with Section 1008.1.4.1 shall not be limited.
  4. Door openings within a dwelling unit shall not be less than 78 inches (1981 mm) in height.
  5. Exterior door openings in dwelling units, other than the required exit door, shall not be less than 76 inches (1930 mm) in height.
  6. Exit access doors serving a room not larger than 70 square feet (6.5 m2) shall be not less than 24 inches (610 mm) in door width.
The opening force for interior side-swinging doors without closers shall not exceed a 5-pound (22 N) force. For other side-swinging, sliding and folding doors, the door latch shall release when subjected to a force of not more than 15 pounds (66 N). The door shall be set in motion when subjected to a force not exceeding 30 pounds (133 N). The door shall swing to a full-open position when subjected to a force of not more than 50 pounds (222 N). Forces shall be applied to the latch side.
Revolving doors shall comply with the following:
  1. A revolving door shall not be located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of the foot or top of stairs or escalators. A dispersal area shall be provided between the stairs or escalators and the revolving doors.
  2. The revolutions per minute for a revolving door shall not exceed those shown in Table 1104.9.
  3. Each revolving door shall have a conforming side-hinged swinging door in the same wall as the revolving door and within 10 feet (3048 mm).
Exceptions:
  1. A revolving door is permitted to be used without an adjacent swinging door for street-floor elevator lobbies provided a stairway, escalator or door from other parts of the building does not discharge through the lobby and the lobby does not have any occupancy or use other than as a means of travel between elevators and a street.
  2. Existing revolving doors where the number of revolving doors does not exceed the number of swinging doors within 20 feet (6096 mm).
TABLE 1104.9
REVOLVING DOOR SPEEDS
INSIDE DIAMETER
(feet-inches)
POWER-DRIVEN-TYPE SPEED CONTROL (rpm) MANUAL-TYPE
SPEED CONTROL
(rpm)
6-6 11 12
7-0 10 11
7-6 9 11
8-0 9 10
8-6 8 9
9-0 8 9
9-6 7 8
10-0 7 8
For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
A revolving door used as a component of a means of egress shall comply with Section 1104.9 and all of the following conditions:
  1. Revolving doors shall not be given credit for more than 50 percent of the required egress capacity.
  2. Each revolving door shall be credited with not more than a 50-person capacity.
  3. Revolving doors shall be capable of being collapsed when a force of not more than 130 pounds (578 N) is applied within 3 inches (76 mm) of the outer edge of a wing.
Existing stairs in buildings shall be permitted to remain if the rise does not exceed 81/4 inches (210 mm) and the run is not less than 9 inches (229 mm). Existing stairs can be rebuilt.
Exception: Other stairs approved by the fire code official.
The replacement of an existing stairway in a structure shall not be required to comply with the new stairway requirements of Section 1009 where the existing space and construction will not allow a reduction in pitch or slope.
Existing winders shall be allowed to remain in use if they have a minimum tread depth of 6 inches (152 mm) and a minimum tread depth of 9 inches (229 mm) at a point 12 inches (305 mm) from the narrowest edge.
Existing circular stairs shall be allowed to continue in use provided the minimum depth of tread is 10 inches (254 mm) and the smallest radius shall not be less than twice the width of the stairway.
Stairways shall have handrails on at least one side. Handrails shall be located so that all portions of the stairway width required for egress capacity are within 44 inches (1118 mm) of a handrail.
Exception: Aisle stairs provided with a center handrail are not required to have additional handrails.
Handrail height, measured above stair tread nosings, shall be uniform, not less than 30 inches (762 mm) and not more than 42 inches (1067 mm).
Ramp runs utilized as part of a means of egress shall have a running slope not steeper than one unit vertical in 10 units horizontal (10-percent slope). The slope of other ramps shall not be steeper than one unit vertical in eight units horizontal (12.5-percent slope).
Existing ramps are permitted to have a minimum width of 30 inches (762 mm) but not less than the width required for the number of occupants served as determined by Section 1005.1.
Fire escape stairs shall comply with Sections 1104.16.1 through 1104.16.7.
Fire escape stairs shall be permitted in existing buildings but shall not constitute more than 50 percent of the required exit capacity.
Openings within 10 feet (3048 mm) of fire escape stairs shall be protected by opening protectives having a minimum 3/4-hour fire protection rating.
Exception: In buildings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system, opening protection is not required.
Fire escape stairs shall meet the minimum width, capacity, riser height and tread depth as specified in Section 1104.10.
Access to a fire escape stair from a corridor shall not be through an intervening room. Access to a fire escape stair shall be from a door or window meeting the criteria of Section 1005.1. Access to a fire escape stair shall be directly to a balcony, landing or platform. These shall be no higher than the floor or window sill level and no lower than 8 inches (203 mm) below the floor level or 18 inches (457 mm) below the window sill.
Components of fire escape stairs shall be constructed of noncombustible materials. Fire escape stairs and balconies shall support the dead load plus a live load of not less than 100 pounds per square foot (4.78 kN/m2). Fire escape stairs and balconies shall be provided with a top and intermediate handrail on each side.

1104.16.5.1 Examination

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire escape stairs, balconies, rails and ladders shall be examined for structural adequacy and safety in accordance with Section 1104.16.5 and the Oregon Structural Specialty Code by a registered design professional or others acceptable to the fire code official every five years, or as required by the fire code official. An inspection report shall be submitted to the fire code official after such examination.

Exception: The testing interval for fire escapes that have all connections replaced, re-enforced, and/or duplicated may be extended as specified by the design professional if approved by the fire code official.

1104.16.5.2 Unsafe/Imminent Hazard Condition

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
When a fire escape component is determined to be in an unsafe/imminent hazard condition, the fire code official and building official shall be notified immediately. Where required, the building shall either be evacuated or an approved fire watch shall be provided until the fire escape has been repaired and approved for use by the building official.

1104.16.5.3 Posting of Fire Escape Conditions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each fire escape shall have signage indicating current conditions posted at the lowest balcony or as directed by the fire code official. Signage shall be clearly visible, legible, and weather resistant and indicate;
  1. Condition of fire escape.
  2. Date of posting.
  3. Site address.
  4. Other as directed by the fire code official.

1104.16.5.3.1 Signage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Approved signage and/or other notice shall be provided for any fire escape taken out of service. Fire escape stairs and balconies shall have signage posted at each entry point to the fire escape. Fire escape ladders shall be posted with signage at the roof and at the lowest balcony or as directed by the fire code official.
The lowest balcony shall not be more than 18 feet (5486 mm) from the ground. Fire escape stairs shall extend to the ground or be provided with counterbalanced stairs reaching the ground.
Exception: For fire escape stairs serving 10 or fewer occupants, an approved fire escape ladder is allowed to serve as the termination.

1104.16.7 Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fire escapes stairs, balconies, rails and ladders shall be kept clear, unobstructed and in working order at all times. They shall be maintained free of corrosion.
Corridors serving an occupant load greater than 30 and the openings therein shall provide an effective barrier to resist the movement of smoke. Transoms, louvers, doors and other openings shall be kept closed or self-closing.
Exceptions:
  1. Corridors in occupancies other than in Group H, which are equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system.
  2. Patient room doors in corridors in occupancies in Group I-2 where smoke barriers are provided in accordance with the International Building Code.
  3. Corridors in occupancies in Group E where each room utilized for instruction or assembly has at least one-half of the required means of egress doors opening directly to the exterior of the building at ground level.
  4. Corridors that are in accordance with the International Building Code.
Openings in corridor walls shall comply with the requirements of the International Building Code.
Exceptions:
  1. Where 20-minute fire door assemblies are required, solid wood doors at least 1.75 inches (44 mm) thick or insulated steel doors are allowed.
  2. Openings protected with fixed wire glass set in steel frames.
  3. Openings covered with 0.5-inch (12.7 mm) gypsum wallboard or 0.75-inch (19.1 mm) plywood on the room side.
  4. Opening protection is not required when the building is equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system.
Where more than one exit or exit access doorway is required, the exit access shall be arranged such that dead ends do not exceed the limits specified in Table 1104.17.2.
Exception: A dead-end passageway or corridor shall not be limited in length where the length of the dead-end passageway or corridor is less than 2.5 times the least width of the dead-end passageway or corridor.
TABLE 1104.17.2
COMMON PATH, DEAD-END AND TRAVEL DISTANCE LIMITS (by occupancy)
OCCUPANCY COMMON PATH LIMIT DEAD-END LIMIT TRAVEL DISTANCE LIMIT
Unsprinklered
(feet)
Sprinklered
(feet)
Unsprinklered
(feet)
Sprinklered
(feet)
Unsprinklered
(feet)
Sprinklered
(feet)
Group A 20/75a 20/75a 20b 20b 200 250
Group Bf 75 100 50 50 200 300
Group E 75 75 20 50 200 250
Group F-1, S-1d, f 75 100 50 50 200 250
Group F-2, S-2d, f 75 100 50 50 300 400
Group H-1 25 25 0 0 75 75
Group H-2 50 100 0 0 75 100
Group H-3 50 100 20 20 100 150
Group H-4 75 75 20 20 150 175
Group H-5 75 75 20 50 150 200
Group I-1 75 75 20 50 200 250
Group I-2 (Health care) NRe NRe NR NR 150 200c
Group I-3
(Detention and correctional—Use
Conditions II, III, IV, V)
100 100 NR NR 150c 200c
Group I-4 (Day care centers) NR NR 20 20 200 250
Group M (Covered or open mall) 75 100 50 50 200 400
Group M (Mercantile) 75 100 50 50 200 250
Group R-1 (Hotels) 75 75 50 50 200 250
Group R-2 (Apartments) 75 125 50 50 200 250
Group R-3 (One- and two-family) NR NR NR NR NR NR
Group R-4 (Residential
care/assisted living)
NR NR NR NR NR NR
Group Uf 75 100 20 50 300 400
NR = No requirements.
For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2.
  1. 20 feet for common path serving 50 or more persons; 75 feet for common path serving less than 50 persons.
  2. See Section 1028.9.5 for dead-end aisles in Group A occupancies.
  3. This dimension is for the total travel distance, assuming incremental portions have fully utilized their allowable maximums. For travel distance within the room, and from the room exit access door to the exit, see the appropriate occupancy chapter.
  4. See the International Building Code for special requirements on spacing of doors in aircraft hangars.
  5. Any patient sleeping room, or any suite that includes patient sleeping rooms, of more than 1,000 square feet shall have at least two exit access doors placed a distance apart equal to not less than one-third of the length of the maximum overall diagonal dimension of the patient sleeping room or suite to be served, measured in a straight line between exit access doors.
  6. Where a tenant space in Group B, S and U occupancies has an occupant load of not more than 30, the length of a common path of egress travel shall not be more than 100 feet.
Exits shall be located so that the maximum length of exit access travel, measured from the most remote point to an approved exit along the natural and unobstructed path of egress travel, does not exceed the distances given in Table 1104.17.2.
An interior exit stairway or ramp which continues below its level of exit discharge shall be arranged and marked to make the direction of egress to a public way readily identifiable.
Exception: Stairs that continue one-half story beyond their levels of exit discharge need not be provided with barriers where the exit discharge is obvious.
Exterior exit stairs shall be separated from the interior of the building as required in Section 1026.6. Openings shall be limited to those necessary for egress from normally occupied spaces.
Exceptions:
  1. Separation from the interior of the building is not required for buildings that are two stories or less above grade where the level of exit discharge serving such occupancies is the first story above grade.
  2. Separation from the interior of the building is not required where the exterior stairway is served by an exterior balcony that connects two remote exterior stairways or other approved exits, with a perimeter that is not less than 50 percent open. To be considered open, the opening shall be a minimum of 50 percent of the height of the enclosing wall, with the top of the opening not less than 7 feet (2134 mm) above the top of the balcony.
  3. Separation from the interior of the building is not required for an exterior stairway located in a building or structure that is permitted to have unenclosed interior stairways in accordance with Section 1022.
  4. Separation from the interior of the building is not required for exterior stairways connected to open-ended corridors, provided that:
    1. The building, including corridors and stairs, is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2.
    2. The open-ended corridors comply with Section 1018.
    3. The open-ended corridors are connected on each end to an exterior exit stairway complying with Section 1026.
    4. At any location in an open-ended corridor where a change of direction exceeding 45 degrees (0.79 rad) occurs, a clear opening of not less than 35 square feet (3 m2) or an exterior stairway shall be provided. Where clear openings are provided, they shall be located so as to minimize the accumulation of smoke or toxic gases.
The minimum clear width of aisles shall be:
  1. Forty-two inches (1067 mm) for aisle stairs having seating on each side.
    Exception: Thirty-six inches (914 mm) where the aisle serves less than 50 seats.
  2. Thirty-six inches (914 mm) for stepped aisles having seating on only one side.
    Exception: Thirty inches (760 mm) for catchment areas serving not more than 60 seats.
  3. Twenty inches (508 mm) between a stepped aisle handrail or guard and seating when the aisle is subdivided by the handrail.
  4. Forty-two inches (1067 mm) for level or ramped aisles having seating on both sides.
    Exception: Thirty-six inches (914 mm) where the aisle serves less than 50 seats.
  5. Thirty-six inches (914 mm) for level or ramped aisles having seating on only one side.
    Exception: Thirty inches (760 mm) for catchment areas serving not more than 60 seats.
  6. Twenty-three inches (584 mm) between a stepped stair handrail and seating where an aisle does not serve more than five rows on one side.
Existing high-rise buildings of Group A, B, E, I, M and R-1 occupancies shall be provided with luminous egress path markings in accordance with Section 1024.
Exception: Open, unenclosed stairwells in historic buildings designated as historic under a state or local historic preservation program.

Section 1105 Requirements for Outdoor Operations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1105.1 Tire Storage Yards

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1105.1.1 Access to Piles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1105.1.2 Location Within Piles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
UpCodes Premium
Leverage the most sophisticated code compliance platform.
TRY FREE FOR TWO WEEKS VISIT PRICING