Hydronic piping shall conform to Table 2101.1. Approved piping, valves, fittings and connections shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions. Pipe and fittings shall be rated for use at the operating temperature and pressure of the hydronic system. Used pipe, fittings, valves or other materials shall be free of foreign materials.
HYDRONIC PIPING MATERIALS
|Brass pipe||1||ASTM B 43||Brazed, welded, threaded, mechanical and flanged fittings|
|Brass tubing||1||ASTM B 135||Brazed, soldered and mechanical fittings|
|Chlorinated poly (vinyl chloride) (CPVC) |
pipe and tubing
|1, 2, 3||ASTM D 2846||Solvent cement joints, compression joints and threaded adapters|
|Copper pipe||1||ASTM B 42, |
|Brazed, soldered and mechanical fittings threaded, welded and |
|Copper tubing |
(type K, L or M)
|1, 2||ASTM B 75, B 88, B 251, |
|Brazed, soldered and flared mechanical fittings||Joints embedded in concrete|
|Cross-linked polyethylene (PEX)||1, 2, 3||ASTM F 876, F 877||(See PEX fittings)||Install in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.|
|Cross-linked polyethylene/aluminum/ |
|1, 2||ASTM F 1281 or CAN/ CSA B137.10||Mechanical, crimp/insert||Install in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.|
|PEX Fittings||ASTM F 1807|
ASTM F 1960
ASTM F 2098
|Copper-crimp/insert fittings, cold expansion fittings, stainless steel clamp, insert fittings||Install in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions|
|Plastic fittings PEX||ASTM F 1807|
|Polybutylene (PB) pipe and tubing||1, 2, 3||ASTM D 3309||Heat-fusion, crimp/insert and compression||Joints in concrete shall be heat-fused.|
|Polyethylene (PE) pipe, tubing and fittings |
(for ground source heat pump loop systems)
|1, 2, 4||ASTM D 2513; ASTM D 3350; ASTM D 2513; ASTM D 3035; ASTM D 2447; ASTM D 2683; ASTM F 1055; ASTM D 2837; ASTM D 3350; ASTM D 1693||Heat-fusion|
(PE-AL-PE) pressure pipe
|1, 2, 3||ASTM F 1282|
CSA B 137.9
|Polyproplylene (PP)||1, 2, 3||ISO 15874|
ASTM F 2389
|Heat-fusion joints, mechanical fittings, threaded adapters, compression joints|
|Raised temperature polyethylene (PE-RT)||1, 2, 3||ASTM F 2623||Copper crimp/insert fitting|
stainless steel clamp, insert fittings
|Soldering fluxes||1||ASTM B 813||Copper tube joints|
|Steel pipe||1, 2||ASTM A 53, |
|Brazed, welded, threaded, flanged and mechanical fittings||Joints in concrete shall be welded. Galvanized pipe shall not be welded or brazed.|
|Steel tubing||1||ASTM A 254||Mechanical fittings, welded|
Hangers and supports shall be of material of sufficient strength to support the piping, and shall be fabricated from materials compatible with the piping material. Piping shall be supported at intervals not exceeding the spacing specified in Table 2101.9.
HANGER SPACING INTERVALS
|PIPING MATERIAL||MAXIMUM HORIZONTAL SPACING|
|MAXIMUM VERTICAL SPACING|
|CPVC ≤ 1 inch pipe or tubing||3||5|
|CPVC ≥ 11/4 inch||4||10|
|Copper or copper alloy pipe||12||10|
|Copper or copper alloy tubing||6||10|
|PB pipe or tubing||2.67||4|
|PE pipe or tubing||2.67||4|
|PP < 1 inch pipe or tubing||2.67||4|
|PP > 11/4 inch||4||10|
Piping joints that are embedded shall be installed in accordance with the following requirements:
1. Steel pipe joints shall be welded.
2. Copper tubing shall be joined with brazing material having a melting point exceeding 1,000°F (538°C).
3. Polybutylene pipe and tubing joints shall be installed with socket-type heat-fused polybutylene fittings.
4. CPVC tubing shall be joined using solvent cement joints.
5. Polypropylene pipe and tubing joints shall be installed with socket-type heat-fused polypropylene fittings.
6. Cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) tubing shall be joined using cold expansion, insert or compression fittings.
Piping joints (other than those in Section 2103.2) that are embedded shall comply with the following requirements:
1. Cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) tubing shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
2. Polyethylene tubing shall be installed with heat fusion joints.
3. Polypropylene (PP) tubing shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.