Reporting of emergencies, coordination with emergency response forces, emergency plans, and procedures for managing or responding to emergencies shall comply with the provisions of this paragraph.
The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.
"Emergency evacuation drill." An exercise performed to train staff and occupants and to evaluate their efficiency and effectiveness in carrying out emergency evacuation procedures.
"Lockdown." An emergency situation, in other than a Group I-3 occupancy, requiring that the occupants be sheltered and secured in place within a building when normal evacuation would put occupants at risk.
An approved fire safety and evacuation plan shall be prepared and maintained for the following occupancies and buildings.
(a) Group A, other than Group A occupancies used exclusively for purposes of religious worship that have an occupant load less than 2,000.
(b) Group B buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.
(c) Group E.
(d) Group F buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.
(e) Group H.
(f) Group I.
(g) Group R-1.
(h) Group R-2 college and university buildings.
(i) Group R-4.
(j) High-rise buildings.
(k) Group M buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.
(l) Covered malls exceeding 50,000 square feet (4645 m2) in aggregate floor area.
(m) Underground buildings.
(n) Buildings with an atrium and having an occupancy in Group A, E or M.
Fire evacuation plans shall include the following:
(i) Emergency egress or escape routes and whether evacuation of the building is to be complete or, where approved, by selected floors or areas only.
(ii) Procedures for employees who must remain to operate critical equipment before evacuating.
(iii) Procedures for assisted rescue for persons unable to use the general means of egress unassisted.
(iv) Procedures for accounting for employees and occupants after evacuation has been completed.
(v) Identification and assignment of personnel responsible for rescue or emergency medical aid.
(vi) The preferred and any alternative means of notifying occupants of a fire or emergency.
(vii) The preferred and any alternative means of reporting fires and other emergencies to the fire department or designated emergency response organization.
(viii) Identification and assignment of personnel who can be contacted for further information or explanation of duties under the plan.
(ix) A description of the emergency voice/alarm communication system alert tone and preprogrammed voice messages, where provided.
Fire safety plans shall include the following:
(i) The procedure for reporting a fire or other emergency.
(ii) The life safety strategy and procedures for notifying, relocating, or evacuating occupants, including occupants who need assistance.
(iii) Site plans indicating the following:
(a) The occupancy assembly point.
(b) The locations of fire hydrants.
(c) The normal routes of fire department vehicle access.
(iv) Floor plans identifying the locations of the following:
(b) Primary evacuation routes.
(c) Secondary evacuation routes.
(d) Accessible egress routes.
(e) Areas of refuge.
(f) Exterior areas for assisted rescue.
(g) Manual fire alarm boxes.
(h) Portable fire extinguishers.
(i) Occupant-use hose stations.
(j) Fire alarm annunciators and controls.
(v) A list of major fire hazards associated with the normal use and occupancy of the premises, including maintenance and housekeeping procedures.
(vi) Identification and assignment of personnel responsible for maintenance of systems and equipment installed to prevent or control fires.
(vii) Identification and assignment of personnel responsible for maintenance, housekeeping and controlling fuel hazard sources.
Lockdown plans shall be approved by the fire code official and shall include the following:
(a) Initiation. The plan shall include instructions for reporting an emergency that requires a lockdown.
(b) Accountability. The plan shall include accountability procedures for staff to report the presence or absence of occupants.
(c) Recall. The plan shall include a prearranged signal for returning to normal activity.
(d) Communication and coordination. The plan shall include an approved means of two-way communication between a central location and each secured area.
Required emergency evacuation drills shall be held at the intervals specified in Table 405.2 of this rule or more frequently where necessary to familiarize all occupants with the drill procedure.
FIRE AND EVACUATION DRILL
FREQUENCY AND PARTICIPATION
|GROUP OR OCCUPANCY||FREQUENCY||PARTICIPATION|
|Group E||Monthlya||All occupants|
|Group I||Quarterly on each shift||Employeesb|
|Group R-1||Quarterly on each shift||Employees|
|Group R-2d||Four annually||All occupants|
|Group R-4||Quarterly on each shift||Employeesb|
- The frequency shall be allowed to be modified in accordance with paragraph (H)(3)(b)(408.3.2) of this rule.
- Fire and evacuation drills in residential care assisted living facilities shall include complete evacuation of the premises in accordance with paragraph (H)(10)(e)(408.10.5) of this rule. Where occupants receive habilitation or rehabilitation training, fire prevention and fire safety practices shall be included as part of the training program.
- Group B buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.
- Applicable to Group R-2 college and university buildings in accordance with paragraph (H)(3)(408.3) of this rule.
Records shall be maintained of required emergency evacuation drills and include the following information:
(a) Identity of the person conducting the drill.
(b) Date and time of the drill.
(c) Notification method used.
(d) Staff members on duty and participating.
(e) Number of occupants evacuated.
(f) Special conditions simulated.
(g) Problems encountered.
(h) Weather conditions when occupants were evacuated.
(i) Time required to accomplish complete evacuation.
In theaters, motion picture theaters, auditoriums and similar assembly occupancies in Group A used for noncontinuous programs, an audible announcement shall be made not more than 10 minutes prior to the start of each program to notify the occupants of the location of the exits to be used in the event of a fire or other emergency.
Group I-3 occupancies shall be provided with 24-hour staffing. Staff shall be within three floors or 300 feet (91 440 mm) horizontal distance of the access door of each resident housing area. In Use Conditions 3, 4 and 5, as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code, the arrangement shall be such that the staff involved can start release of locks necessary for emergency evacuation or rescue and initiate other necessary emergency actions within 2 minutes of an alarm.
Upon discovery of a fire or suspected fire, hotel, motel and dormitory employees shall perform the following duties:
(i) Activate the fire alarm system, where provided.
(ii) Notify the public fire department.
(iii) Take other action as previously instructed.
Emergency evacuation drills shall involve the actual evacuation of residents to a selected assembly point and shall provide residents with experience in exiting through all required exits. All required exits shall be used during emergency evacuation drills.
- Each occupancy, including identification of tenant.
- Exits from each tenant space.
- Fire protection features, including the following:
- Fire department connections.
- Fire command center.
- Smoke management system controls.
- Elevators, elevator machine rooms and controls.
- Hose valves outlets.
- Sprinkler and standpipe control valves.
- Automatic fire-extinguishing system areas.
- Automatic fire detector zones.
- Fire barriers.
Each occupied tenant space provided with a secondary exit to the exterior or exit corridor shall be provided with tenant identification by business name and/or address. Letters and numbers shall be posted on the corridor side of the door, be plainly legible and shall contrast with their background.
Unoccupied tenant spaces shall be:
(i) Kept free from the storage of any materials.
(ii) Separated from the remainder of the building by partitions of at least 0.5-inch-thick (12.7 mm) gypsum board or an approved equivalent to the underside of the ceiling of the adjoining tenant spaces.
(iii) Without doors or other access openings other than one door that shall be kept key locked in the closed position except during that time when opened for inspection.
(iv) Kept free from combustible waste and be broom-swept clean.
(a) The fire alarm system shall not be used to alert building occupants of a tornado, tornado alert, or tornado warning.
(b) The principal or person in charge of the school shall submit a clear, comprehensive, detailed, and legible drawing to the local fire code official, showing the building floor plan(s) and designated tornado shelter area(s). Each room or area shown on the plan shall be clearly indicated as to its particular use.
(c) The drawing required by paragraph (I)(2)(b)(409.2) of this rule, shall be submitted to the local fire code official for his information. A copy shall be maintained in the office of each school, for examination by the state fire marshal or local fire code official.
(d) Tornado drills shall be conducted at least once a month whenever school is in session during the tornado season. For the purpose of this rule, "tornado season" is the period from the first day of April to the last day of July. A record of such drills shall be maintained in the office of each school for examination by the fire code official.
(e) The occupants of modular classroom facilities shall be moved out of such facilities and to the designated tornado shelter area(s) in the event of a tornado, tornado alert, or tornado warning.
(f) Each local fire code official conducting the annual inspection of each school or institution shall be designated pursuant to division (C) of section 3737.73 of the Revised Code to verify compliance with the tornado safety provisions of this rule.
It is recommended that the designation of areas to be used as tornado shelters be in accordance with the following criteria:
Every building is different and contains some vulnerable elements that cannot be counted upon to withstand a tornado. Portions of buildings that contain one or more of these elements should be avoided wherever possible.
(a) Windows, skylights, and other components of glass, should be avoided. Glass is no match for tornado force winds and usually breaks into many jagged pieces which are blown into interior spaces from the windward side. Acrylic or poly carbonate plastics are more resistant to impact than glass, but large panes will pop out. Tempered glass will shatter into thousands of cube-like pieces that will be propelled by the winds like shrapnel. Windows at the ends of corridors, particularly those facing south, southwest, and west, are very dangerous. They will probably be blown down the corridor in a wind tunnel effect.
(b) Windward side walls, which usually are on the south and west, receive the full strength of the winds. It is assumed that windows on these sides will be broken and blown into the rooms on the windward side. This often results in increased air pressure, which aids in raising the roof.
(c) Wind tunnels occur in unprotected corridors facing the oncoming winds, which usually come from the south or west. Openings facing these directions allow the winds to penetrate into interior spaces. The winds apparently occupy almost the entire volume of such a wind tunnel, as debris marks have been found to cover the full height of the walls. If entrances are baffled with a solid massive wall, this effect is much less serious.
(d) Lightweight roofs such as steel deck plate, wood planks, or plywood will usually be lifted up by the wind and partially carried away, with some roof debris falling below.
(e) Heavier roofs, especially precast concrete planks, may lift up and move slightly and then fall, but not always returning to their original support location. If the support has collapsed, the heavy roof may fall into the area below.
(f) Long-span rooms almost always have high ceilings. The exterior walls are usually higher than the typical one-story wall. Often these walls, especially those with southern or western exposures, will collapse into the long span. If they are load-bearing walls, the roof will cave in on the area also. Avoid rooms such as gyms, auditoriums and cafeterias.
(g) Load-bearing walls are the sole support for floors or roofs above. If winds cause the supporting walls to fail, part or all of the roof or floors above will collapse. The most dangerous locations in a building are usually along the south and west sides, and at all corners.
(h) Masonry construction is not immune to wall collapse. Most masonry walls are not vertically reinforced, and can fail when high horizontal forces occur, such as those caused by winds.
Effective Date: November 1, 2011
Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 9/1/95; 1/3/00; 9/1/05; 7/1/07