CODES

ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Residential Code 2015 (IRC 2015)

Part I ‒ Administrative

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

Part II ‒ Definitions

Chapter 2 Definitions

Part III ‒ Building Planning and Construction

Chapter 3 Building Planning

Chapter 4 Foundations

Chapter 5 Floors

Chapter 6 Wall Construction

Chapter 7 Wall Covering

Chapter 8 Roof-Ceiling Construction

Chapter 9 Roof Assemblies

Chapter 10 Chimneys and Fireplaces

Part IV ‒ Energy Conservation

Chapter 11 [RE] Energy Efficiency

Part V ‒ Mechanical

Chapter 12 Mechanical Administration

Chapter 13 General Mechanical System Requirements

Chapter 14 Heating and Cooling Equipment and Appliances

Chapter 15 Exhaust Systems

Chapter 16 Duct Systems

Chapter 17 Combustion Air

Chapter 18 Chimneys and Vents

Chapter 19 Special Appliances, Equipment and Systems

Chapter 20 Boilers and Water Heaters

Chapter 21 Hydronic Piping

Chapter 22 Special Fuel oil Piping and Storage Systems

Chapter 23 Solar Thermal Energy Systems

Part VI ‒ Fuel Gas

Chapter 24 Fuel Gas

Part VII ‒ Plumbing

Chapter 25 Plumbing Administration

Chapter 26 General Plumbing Requirements

Chapter 27 Plumbing Fixtures

Chapter 28 Water Heaters

Chapter 29 Water Supply and Distribution

Chapter 30 Sanitary Drainage

Chapter 31 Vents

Chapter 32 Traps

Chapter 33 Storm Drainage

Part VIII ‒ Electrical

Chapter 34 General Requirements

Chapter 34 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

Chapter 35 Electrical Definitions

Chapter 35 ELECTRICAL DEFINITIONS

Chapter 36 Services

Chapter 36 SERVICES

Chapter 37 Branch Circuit and Feeder Requirements

Chapter 37 BRANCH CIRCUIT AND FEEDER REQUIREMENTS

Chapter 38 Wiring Methods

Chapter 38 WIRING METHODS

Chapter 39 Power and Lighting Distribution

Chapter 39 POWER AND LIGHTING DISTRIBUTION

Chapter 40 Devices and Luminaires

Chapter 40 DEVICES AND LUMINAIRES

Chapter 41 Appliance Installation

Chapter 41 APPLIANCE INSTALLATION

Chapter 42 Swimming Pools

Chapter 42 SWIMMING POOLS

Chapter 43 Class 2 Remote-Control, Signaling and Power-Limited Circuits

Chapter 43 CLASS 2 REMOTE-CONTROL, SIGNALING AND POWER-LIMITED CIRCUITS

Part IX ‒ Referenced Standards

Chapter 44 Referenced Standards

Chapter 45 HIGH WIND ZONES

Chapter 46 COASTAL AND FLOOD PLAIN CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS

Appendix A Sizing and Capacities of Gas Piping

Appendix B Sizing of Venting Systems Serving Appliances Equipped With Draft Hoods, Category I Appliances, and Appliances Listed for Use With Type B Vents

Appendix C Exit Terminals of Mechanical Draft and Direct-Vent Venting Systems

Appendix D Recommended Procedure for Safety Inspection of an Existing Appliance Installation

Appendix E Manufactured Housing Used as Dwellings

Appendix E (E-1 THROUGH E-4)
RESIDENTIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION

Appendix F Radon Control Methods

Appendix G Piping Standards for Various Applications

Appendix H Patio Covers

Appendix I Private Sewage Disposal

Appendix J Existing Buildings and Structures

Appendix J EXISTING BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES

Appendix K Sound Transmission

Appendix L Permit Fees

Appendix M HOME DAY CARE—R-3 OCCUPANCY

Appendix M WOOD DECKS

Appendix N Venting Methods

Appendix O Automatic Vehicular Gates

Appendix O FOAM PLASTIC DIAGRAMS

Appendix P Sizing of Water Piping System

Appendix Q Reserved

Appendix Q DISCONTINUOUS FOOTINGS

Appendix R Light Straw-Clay Construction

Appendix S Strawbale Construction

Appendix T Recommended Procedure for Worst-Case Testing of Atmospheric Venting Systems Under N1102.4 or N1105 Conditions ≤ 5ACH50

Appendix U SOLAR-READY PROVISIONS—DETACHED ONE- AND TWO-FAMILY DWELLINGS, MULTIPLE SINGLE- FAMILY DWELLINGS (TOWNHOUSES)

Appendix V SWIMMING POOLS, SPAS AND HOT TUBS

Appendix W BASIC LOAD ESTIMATING

Chapter 46 COASTAL AND FLOOD PLAIN CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

Section R4601 PURPOSE, APPLICATION AND SCOPE

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

R4601.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The requirements set forth in this section shall apply to all construction located within areas identified by governmental agency (state and federal) as coastal high hazard areas, ocean hazard areas, the regulatory flood plain areas, and all areas designated as 150 mph (67 m/s) wind zone. See Table R301.2(1).

Section R4602 DEFINITIONS

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
BASE FLOOD ELEVATION. The peak water elevation in relation to MSL expected to be reached during a design flood that is established by the North Carolina Building Code Council as a flood having a 1-percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year.

COASTAL HIGH HAZARD AREA. An area subject to coastal flooding and high velocity waters including storm wave wash, as shown by Federal Emergency Management Agency Maps and subject to the approval of the Building Code Council.

FLOOD PLAIN. Land below base flood elevation, which of record has in the past been flooded by storm water-surface runoffs, or tidal influx, and as defined by the Corps of Engineers’ maps, the Federal Emergency Management Agency maps or as approved by the Building Code Council.

LOWEST FLOOR. The lowest floor of the lowest enclosed area (including basement). An unfinished or flood-resistant enclosure, usable solely for parking of vehicles, building access or storage in an area other than a basement area is not considered a building’s lowest floor provided that:
  1. The walls are substantially impermeable to the passage of water and the structural components have the capability of resisting hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and effects of buoyancy; or
  2. Construction shall be designed to automatically equalize hydrostatic flood forces on exterior walls by allowing the entry and exit of flood waters.
MSL. Mean Sea Level as defined by National Geodetic Vertical Datum.

OCEAN HAZARD AREA. An area, as identified by the North Carolina Coastal Resources Commission, and subject to approval by the Building Code Council, near the shoreline of the Atlantic Ocean that has been identified as subject to at least one of the following hazards: (A) historical or predicted future trends of long-term erosion, (B) erosion expected to occur during a coastal storm reaching the base flood elevation, or (C) shoreline fluctuations due to tidal inlets.

Section R4603 PILING STANDARDS

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

R4603.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
All one- and two-family dwellings in areas identified as coastal high hazard areas or ocean hazard areas shall be constructed on a pile foundation of wood or concrete.

R4603.2 Concrete piles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Concrete piles are permitted to be used if made and installed in accordance with the North Carolina Building Code, Chapter 18.

R4603.3 Size of wood piles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Round timber piles shall not be less than 8 inches (203 mm) in diameter at building level and have a minimum tip diameter of 6 inches (152 mm). Square timber piles shall not be less than 8 inches square (0.005 m2), nominal. Piles supporting uncovered stairs, uncovered walkways and uncovered decks shall be 6 inches × 6 inches (153 mm × 153 mm) minimum, or if round, have a minimum tip diameter of 6 inches (153 mm). Piles supporting uncovered stairs, uncovered walkways and uncovered decks less than 5 feet (1524 mm) above grade are permitted to be 4 inches × 4 inches (102 mm × 102 mm) minimum.

R4603.4 Required depth of piles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pile tip shall extend to a depth of not less than 8 feet (2438 mm) below the natural grade or finished grade of the lot, whichever is lower. All pilings within the ocean hazard area shall have a tip penetration of at least 5 feet (1524 mm) below mean sea level or 16 feet (4877 mm) below average original grade, whichever is least. Structures within ocean hazard areas that are placed upon the site behind a line 60 times the annual erosion rate away from the most seaward line of stable natural vegetation are exempt from this additional tip penetration requirement.

R4603.5 Spacing of wood piles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The maximum center-to-center spacing of wood piles shall not be more than 8 feet (2438 mm) on center under load-bearing sills, beams, or girders. For dwellings having more than two stories above piles or where the piling spacing exceeds 8 feet (2438 mm) on center, the pile foundation shall be designed by a registered design professional. Pile spacing in the nonload-bearing direction are permitted to be 12 feet (305 mm).

R4603.6 Tying and bracing of wood piles

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
If sills, beams or girders are attached to the piling, a minimum of two 5/8-inch (16 mm) galvanized steel bolts per beam member shall be through bolted at each piling connection in accordance with Figure R4503.6(a). When piling is notched so that the crosssection is reduced below 50 percent or is top bearing, sills, beams or girders shall be attached using 3/16 × 4 × 18-inch (5 × 102 × 467 mm) hot dip galvanized straps, one each side, bolted with two 5/8 inch (15.9 mm) galvanized through bolts in accordance with Figure R4603.6(b) and Figure R4603.6(c). At corners, girders shall be connected to the pile with a minimum 3/16 × 4 × 18-inch (5 × 102 × 467 mm) hot dip galvanized strap bolted with two 5/8 inch (15.9 mm) galvanized through bolts on the exterior and a minimum L4 × 3/16 × 18 inches (102 × 5 × 467 mm) galvanized steel angle bolted with two 5/8 inch (15.9 mm) galvanized through bolts on the interior in accordance with Figure R4603.6(d).

     Bracing of pile foundations is required where the clear height from ground to sill, beam or girder exceeds 10 feet (3048 mm) or the dwelling is more than one story above piles. A line of X-bracing is defined as a row of piles with X-bracing provided in at least two bays. A line of X-bracing shall be provided at all exterior pile lines. Where the perimeter lines of Xbracing exceed 40 feet (12 192 mm), an additional line of Xbracing shall be provided near the center of the building. See Figure R4603.6(e). X-bracing shall be with 2 × 10s through bolted with two 3/4-inch (19.1 mm) bolts at each end. The code official is permitted to accept alternative bracing designs if they bear the seal of a registered design professional.

FIGURE R4603.6(a)
PILING NOTCHED LESS THAN 50%


FIGURE R4603.6(b)
TOP MOUNTED GIRDER


FIGURE R4603.6(c)
PILING NOTCHED MORE THAN 50%


FIGURE R4603.6(d)
CORNER PILE CONNECTION


FIGURE R4603.6(e)
ELEVATIONS (SHOWING POSSIBLE ARRANGEMENT OF X-BRACING IN LINE) (G AND H SIMILAR)

R4603.7 Protection against decay

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The minimum net retention of preservatives shall be in accordance with AWPA U1.

R4603.8 Piling may be placed by auger, jetting or drop hammer

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Piling shall receive a final set by drop hammer or other approved methods, acceptable to the code official to ensure compaction of material at end bearing.

Section R4604 ELEVATION STANDARDS

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

R4604.1 Lowest structural member

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The lowest structural member, excluding pilings and bracing supporting the lowest habitable floor in the coastal high hazard area and ocean hazard area, shall be elevated above the base flood elevation.

R4604.2 First habitable floor

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The elevation of the first habitable floor of all structures in the regulatory flood plain except in the coastal high hazard areas shall be above the base flood elevation.

Exception: This requirement does not apply to the addition, renovation or reconstruction to any building that was constructed prior to the initial Flood Insurance Study for that area if the addition, renovation or reconstruction does not exceed 50 percent of the present market value of the structure.

R4604.3 Walls below flood elevation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Where walls are constructed below flood elevation in coastal high hazard area and ocean hazard area, they shall be constructed in a manner to eliminate wave forces on the piling.

Section R4605 CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND METHODS STANDARDS

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

R4605.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The requirements of Sections R4605.2 through R4605.8 are applicable in the coastal high-hazard area, the ocean hazard area, and all areas defined as 150 mph (67 m/s) wind zone.

R4605.2 Roof anchorage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Every rafter or roof truss shall be anchored to the bearing wall as required by Section R4508. At the ridges, rafters shall have a minimum 1 × 6 or 2 × 4 collar or wind beam. Every third rafter not to exceed 4 feet (1219 mm) on center shall be anchored vertically with minimum 1 × 6 or 2 × 4 from its midpoint to ceiling joists below.

R4605.3 Wood frame wall construction

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Maximum stud spacing shall be 16 inches o.c. (406 mm) for 2 × 4s and 24 inches (610 mm) for 2 × 6s. See Section R4505 for wall construction requirements. See Section R4508 for uplift anchorage requirements.

R4605.4 Design by registered design professional

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Equal or better methods of tying structures together and to foundations designed for a specific building by a registered design professional shall be accepted by the code official.

R4605.5 Fastener corrosion resistance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In the coastal hazard area and the ocean hazard area, all metal connectors and fasteners outside of conditioned spaces shall be hot-dip galvanized steel after fabrication and meet ASTM A153. Exposed metal connectors, such as tie-down straps on porches, decks, and areas under the structure, shall be a minimum 316 -inch (5 mm) thick, and shall be hot-dip galvanized after fabrication and meet ASTM A123 or ASTM A153. Stainless steel light-gage metal connectors shall be permitted in exposed or partially exposed locations. Metal connectors of approved equivalent corrosion-resistant material are permitted to be accepted. See Table R4605.5.

TABLE R4605.5a
CORROSION RESISTANCE
OPEN
(exterior, porches, under house)
EXPOSURE LEVEL
VENTED/ENCLOSED
(attic, floor trusses, enclosed crawl spaces and stud cavity)
CONDITIONED
(heated/cooled living areas)
Nails, staples, screws Hot-dip galvanized Hot-dip galvanized
Nuts, bolts, washers, tie rods Hot-dip galvanized Hot-dip galvanized
Steel connection plates & straps (316 ″ minimum thickness) Hot-dip galvanized after fabrication Hot-dip galvanized
Sheet metal connectors, wind anchors, joists hangers, steel joists and beams Stainless steel or hot-dipped galvanized after fabrication Hot-dip galvanized after plate fabrication or triple galvanizedb Hot-dip galvanized or triple galvanizedb
Truss plates Stainless steel or hot-dipped galvanized after fabrication Hot-dip galvanized after fabrication, stainless steel, triple galvanizedb or in accordance with TPI-1 of the Truss Plate Institute within 6'-0″ of a gable louver, ridge or soffit vent. Otherwise, standard galvanizedb Standard galvanized
  1. Applies only to structures located in coastal high-hazard area and ocean high hazard area.
  2. Triple galvanizing—G185, standard galvanizing—G60, both per ASTM A653/A653M.

R4605.6 Building anchorage

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
  1. For masonry buildings, the roof structure, including rafters and joists, shall be anchored to the wall in accordance with Section R606.11. All mortar used for masonry walls shall be Type M or S.
  2. For masonry or wood frame buildings, all sills, beams or girders that resist uplift (including interior sills, beams, girders, and joists where the perimeter is unenclosed) shall be anchored to the footing in accordance with Section R4504. Footing dowel bars shall have an 8-inch (203 mm) hook.
  3. Where wood partitions and masonry walls join, the stud abutting the masonry shall be double and bolted to the masonry with three 1/2-inch (13 mm) galvanized bolts.
  4. Steel and wooden columns and posts, including porch columns, shall be anchored with metal ties and bolts to their foundations and to the members that they support.

R4605.7 Insulation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Insulation installed in floors in exposed areas under buildings elevated on pilings shall be held in place with plywood with exterior glue or other material approved by the code official.

R4605.8 Accessory structures

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Detached accessory structures and out buildings shall be bolted to their foundation or otherwise constructed so as to prevent overturning.
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