CODES

ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Plumbing Code 2015 (IPC 2015)

Chapter 1 Scope and Administration

Chapter 2 Definitions

Chapter 3 General Regulations

Chapter 4 Fixtures, Faucets and Fixture Fittings

Chapter 5 Water Heaters

Chapter 6 Water Supply and Distribution

Chapter 7 Sanitary Drainage

Chapter 8 Indirect/Special Waste

Chapter 9 Vents

Chapter 10 Traps, Interceptors and Separators

Chapter 11 Storm Drainage

Chapter 12 Special Piping and Storage Systems

Chapter 13 Nonpotable Water Systems

Chapter 14 Subsurface Landscape Irrigation Systems

Chapter 15 Referenced Standards

Appendix A Plumbing Permit Fee Schedule

Appendix B Rates of Rainfall for Various Cities

Appendix C Structural Safety

Appendix D Degree Day and Design Temperatures

Appendix E Sizing of Water Piping System

The provisions of this chapter shall govern the general regulations regarding the installation of plumbing not specific to other chapters.
Plumbing shall be installed with due regard to preservation of the strength of structural members and prevention of damage to walls and other surfaces through fixture usage.

301.3 Connections to Drainage System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Plumbing fixtures, drains, appurtenances and appliances used to receive or discharge liquid waste or sewage shall be directly connected to the sanitary drainage system of the building or premises, in accordance with the requirements of this code. This section shall not be construed to prevent indirect waste systems required by Chapter 8.

Exception: Bathtubs, showers, lavatories, clothes washers and laundry trays shall not be required to discharge to the sanitary drainage system where such fixtures discharge to an approved system in accordance with Chapters 13 and 14All drain, waste and vent piping associated with gray water or rain water recycling systems shall be installed in compliance with this code.
Every plumbing fixture, device or appliance requiring or using water for its proper operation shall be directly or indirectly connected to the water supply system in accordance with the provisions of this code.

301.5 Pipe, Tube and Fitting Sizes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Unless otherwise indicated, the pipe, tube and fitting sizes specified in this code are expressed in nominal or standard sizes as designated in the referenced material standards.
UpCodes note: See Chapter 2, Definitions, “Pipe sizes.”

301.6 Prohibited Locations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Plumbing systems shall not be located in an elevator shaft or in an elevator equipment room.

Exception: Floor drains, sumps and sump pumps shall be permitted at the base of the shaft, provided that they are indirectly connected to the plumbing system and comply with Section 1003.4 or other approved means of disposal.

301.7 Conflicts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In instances Where conflicts occur between this code and the conditions of the listing or the manufacturer's installation instructions, the more restrictive provisions shall apply occur, the provisions of this code apply.

Exception: Where a code provision is less restrictive than the conditions of the listing of the equipment or appliance or the manufacturer’s installation instructions, the conditions of the listing and manufacturer’s installation instructions shall apply.

302.1 Detrimental or Dangerous Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Disposal of these materials shall be done in accordance with the requirements of the North Carolina General Statutes and local ordinances. Ashes, cinders or rags; flammable, poisonous or explosive liquids or gases; oil, grease or any other insoluble material capable of obstructing, damaging or overloading the building drainage or sewer system, or capable of interfering with the normal operation of the sewage treatment processes, or private disposal system, shall not be deposited, by any means, into such systems.
Waste products from manufacturing or industrial operations shall not be introduced into the public sewer until it has been determined by the code official or other authority having jurisdiction that the introduction thereof will not damage the public sewer system or interfere with the functioning of the sewage treatment plant.

303.1 Identification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Each length of pipe and each pipe fitting, trap, fixture, material and device utilized in a plumbing system shall bear the identification of the manufacturer and any markings required by the applicable referenced standards. Nipples created from the cutting and threading of approved pipe shall not be required to be identified.

Exception: Where the manufacturer identification cannot be marked on pipe fittings and pipe nipples because of the small size of such fittings, the identification shall be printed on the item packaging or on documentation provided with the item.
All materials used shall be installed in strict accordance with the standards under which the materials are accepted and approved. In the absence of such installation procedures, the manufacturer's instructions shall be followed. Where the requirements of referenced standards or manufacturer's installation instructions do not conform to minimum provisions of this code, the provisions of this code shall apply.
All plastic pipe, fittings and components shall be third-party certified as conforming to NSF 14.
All plumbing products and materials shall be listed by a third-party certification agency as complying with the referenced standards. Products and materials shall be identified in accordance with Section 303.1.

304.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Plumbing systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with Sections 304.2 through 304.4 and the North Carolina Building Code, Appendix H to prevent rodents from entering structures.
All strainer plates on drain inlets shall be designed and installed so that all openings are not greater than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) in least dimension.

304.3 Meter Boxes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Meter boxes shall be constructed in such a manner that rodents are prevented from entering a structure by way of the water service pipes connecting the meter box and the structure.

304.4 Openings for Pipes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In or on structures where openings have been made in walls, floors or ceilings for the passage of pipes, the annular space between the pipe and the sides of the opening shall be sealed with caulking materials or closed with gasketing systems compatible with the piping materials and locations by use of collars or caulking materials or gasket systems.
Pipes passing through concrete or cinder walls and floors or other corrosive material shall be protected against external corrosion by a protective sheathing or wrapping or other means that will withstand any reaction from the lime and acid of concrete, cinder or other corrosive material. Sheathing or wrapping shall allow for movement including expansion and contraction of piping. The wall thickness of the material shall be not less than 0.025 inch (0.64 mm).
Piping in a plumbing system shall be installed so as to prevent strains and stresses that exceed the structural strength of the pipe. Where necessary, provisions shall be made to protect piping from damage resulting from expansion, contraction and structural settlement.

305.3 Pipes through or under footings or foundation walls

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Any pipe that passes within 12 inches (305 mm) of the bottom of the footing or through a foundation wall shall be provided with a relieving arch, or a pipe sleeve. Pipe sleeves for foundation walls shall be built into the foundation wall. The sleeve shall be two pipe sizes greater than the pipe passing through the wall. Piping shall not be run under pier footing (refer to Section 307). Annular spaces between sleeves and pipes shall be filled or tightly sealed in an approved manner. Annular spaces between sleeves and pipes in fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall be filled or tightly sealed in accordance with the North Carolina Building Code. Only sleeves through foundation or exterior building walls shall be sealed on both sides.

305.4 Freezing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Water pipes installed in a wall exposed to the exterior shall be located on the heated side of the wall insulation. Water, soil and waste pipes shall not be installed outside of a building, in unconditioned attics, unconditioned utility rooms, or crawl spaces, concealed in outside walls, or in any other place subjected to freezing temperatures unless adequate provision is made to protect such pipes from freezing by insulation a minimum of R6.5 insulation determined at 75°F (24°C) in accordance with ASTM C177 or heat or both.

     Exterior water supply system piping shall be installed not less than 6 inches (152 mm) below the frost line and not less than 12 inches (305 mm) below grade.

Note: These provisions are minimum requirements, which have been found suitable for normal weather conditions. Abnormally low temperatures for extended periods may require additional provisions to prevent freezing.

305.4.1 Frost protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
No traps of soil or waste pipe shall be installed or permitted outside of a building, or concealed in outside walls or in any place where they may be subjected to freezing temperatures, unless approved provisions are made to protect them from freezing.

305.4.1 305.4.2 Sewer Depth

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Building sewers that connect to private sewage disposal systems shall be installed not less than [NUMBER] inches (mm) 3 inches (76.2 mm) below finished grade at the point of septic tank connection. Building sewers shall be installed not less than [NUMBER] inches (mm) 3 inches (76.2 mm) below grade.
Joints at the roof and around vent pipes shall be made water tight by the use of lead, copper, galvanized steel, aluminum, plastic or other approved flashings or flashing material. Exterior wall openings shall be made water tight.
In concealed locations where piping, other than cast-iron or galvanized steel, is installed through holes or notches in studs, joists, rafters or similar members less than 11/2 inches (38 mm) from the nearest edge of the member, the pipe shall be protected by steel shield plates. Such shield plates shall have a thickness of not less than 0.0575 inch (1.463 mm) (No. 16 gage). Such plates shall cover the area of the pipe where the member is notched or bored, and shall extend not less than 2 inches (51 mm) above sole plates and below top plates.

305.7 Protection of Components of Plumbing System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Components of a plumbing system installed along alleyways, driveways, parking garages or other locations exposed to damage shall be recessed into the wall or otherwise protected in an approved manner.

Exception: One- and two-family dwellings and town-houses.
Buried piping shall be supported throughout its entire length.
Where trenches are excavated such that the bottom of the trench forms the bed for the pipe, solid and continuous load-bearing support shall be provided between joints. Bell holes, hub holes and coupling holes shall be provided at points where the pipe is joined. Such pipe shall not be supported on blocks to grade. In instances where the materials manufacturer's installation instructions are more restrictive than those prescribed by the code, the material shall be installed in accordance with the more restrictive requirement.
Where trenches are excavated below the installation level of the pipe such that the bottom of the trench does not form the bed for the pipe, the trench shall be backfilled to the installation level of the bottom of the pipe with sand or fine gravel placed in layers not greater than 6 inches (152 mm) in depth and such backfill shall be compacted after each placement.
Where rock is encountered in trenching, the rock shall be removed to not less than 3 inches (76 mm) below the installation level of the bottom of the pipe, and the trench shall be backfilled to the installation level of the bottom of the pipe with sand tamped in place so as to provide uniform load-bearing support for the pipe between joints. The pipe, including the joints, shall not rest on rock at any point.
If soft materials of poor load-bearing quality are found at the bottom of the trench, stabilization shall be achieved by overexcavating not less than two pipe diameters and backfilling to the installation level of the bottom of the pipe with fine gravel, crushed stone or a concrete foundation. The concrete foundation shall be bedded with sand tamped into place so as to provide uniform load-bearing support for the pipe between joints.
Backfill shall be free from discarded construction material and debris. Loose earth free from rocks, broken concrete and frozen chunks shall be placed in the trench in 6-inch (152 mm) layers and tamped in place until the crown of the pipe is covered by 12 inches (305 mm) of tamped earth. The backfill under and beside the pipe shall be compacted for pipe support. Backfill shall be brought up evenly on both sides of the pipe so that the pipe remains aligned. In instances where the manufacturer's instructions for materials are more restrictive than those prescribed by the code, the material shall be installed in accordance with the more restrictive requirement.
Where pipe is to be installed by tunneling, jacking or a combination of both, the pipe shall be protected from damage during installation and from subsequent uneven loading. Where earth tunnels are used, adequate supporting structures shall be provided to prevent future settling or caving.
In the process of installing or repairing any part of a plumbing and drainage installation, the finished floors, walls, ceilings, tile work or any other part of the building or premises that must be changed or replaced shall be left in a safe structural condition in accordance with the requirements of the International Building Code.

307.2 Cutting, Notching or Bored Holes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
A framing member shall not be cut, notched or bored in excess of limitations specified in the International Building Code or Appendix C in this code.
Penetrations of floor/ceiling assemblies and assemblies required to have a fire-resistance rating shall be protected in accordance with the International Building Code.
Truss members and components shall not be cut, drilled, notched, spliced or otherwise altered in any way without written concurrence and approval of a registered design professional. Alterations resulting in the addition of loads to any member (e.g., HVAC equipment, water heater) shall not be permitted without verification that the truss is capable of supporting such additional loading.
Trenching installed parallel to footings and walls shall not extend into the bearing plane of a footing or wall. The upper boundary of the bearing plane is a line that extends downward, at an angle of 45 degrees (0.79 rad) from horizontal, from the outside bottom edge of the footing or wall.
Piping materials exposed within plenums shall comply with the provisions of the International Mechanical Code.
Plumbing piping shall be supported in accordance with this section.
Where earthquake loads are applicable in accordance with the building code, plumbing piping supports shall be designed and installed for the seismic forces in accordance with the International Building Code.
Hangers, anchors and supports shall support the piping and the contents of the piping. Hangers and strapping material shall be of approved material that will not promote galvanic action.
Hangers and anchors shall be attached to the building construction in an approved manner.

308.5 Interval of Support

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Pipe shall be supported in accordance with Table 308.5.

Exception: The interval of support for piping systems designed to provide for expansion/contraction shall conform to the engineered design in accordance with Section 316.1.
TABLE 308.5
HANGER SPACING
PIPING MATERIAL MAXIMUM
HORIZONTAL
SPACING (feet)
MAXIMUM
VERTICAL
SPACING (feet)
Acrylonitrile butadiene
styrene (ABS) pipe
4 10b
Aluminum tubing 10 15
Brass pipe 10 10
Cast-iron pipe 5a 15
Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride
(CPVC) pipe and tubing, 1
inch and smaller
3 10b
Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride
(CPVC) pipe and tubing,11/4
inches and larger
4 10b
Copper or copper-alloy pipe 12 10
Copper or copper-alloy tubing,
11/4-inch diameter and
smaller
6 10
Copper or copper-alloy tubing,
11/2-inch diameter and
larger
10 10
Cross-linked polyethylene
(PEX) pipe
2.67
(32 inches)
10b
Cross-linked polyethylene/
aluminum/cross-linked
polyethylene (PEX-AL-
PEX) pipe
2.67
(32 inches)
4
Lead pipe Continuous 4
Polyethylene/aluminum/
polyethylene (PE-AL-PE)
pipe
2.67
(32 inches)
4
Polyethylene of raised
temperature (PE-RT) pipe
2.67
(32 inches)
10b
Polypropylene (PP) pipe or
tubing 1 inch and smaller
2.67
(32 inches)
10b
Polypropylene (PP) pipe or
tubing, 11/4 inches and larger
4 10b
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe 4 10b
Stainless steel drainage
systems
10 10b
Steel pipe 12 15

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
a. The maximum horizontal spacing of cast-iron pipe hangers shall be increased to 10 feet where 10-foot lengths of pipe are installed.
b. For sizes 2 inches and smaller, a guide shall be installed midway between required vertical supports. Such guides shall prevent pipe movement in a direction perpendicular to the axis of the pipe.
Rigid support sway bracing shall be provided at changes in direction greater than 45 degrees (0.79 rad) for pipe sizes 4 inches (102 mm) and larger.
Anchorage shall be provided to restrain drainage piping from axial movement.

308.7.1 Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
For plastic pipe sizes greater than 6 inches (152 mm), and other pipe sizes greater than 4 inches (102 mm), restraints shall be provided for drain pipes at all changes in direction and at all changes in diameter greater than two pipe sizes. Braces, blocks, rodding backfilling and other suitable methods as specified by the coupling manufacturer shall be utilized.
Expansion joint fittings shall be used only where necessary to provide for expansion and contraction of the pipes. Expansion joint fittings shall be of the typical material suitable for use with the type of piping in which such fittings are installed.

308.9 Parallel Water Distribution Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Piping bundles for manifold systems shall be supported in accordance with Table 308.5. Support at changes in direction shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Hot and cold water piping shall not be grouped in the same bundle. Where hot water piping is bundled with cold or hot water piping, each hot water pipe shall be insulated.

308.10 Stacks

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Bases of stacks shall be supported by the building structure, virgin or compacted earth, or other material suitable to support the weight of the piping.
Plumbing systems and equipment in structures erected in flood hazard areas shall be constructed in accordance with the requirements of this section and the International Building Code.

309.2 Flood Hazard

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
For structures located in flood hazard areas, the following systems and equipment shall be located and installed as required by Section 1612 of the International Building Code.
  1. Water service pipes.
  2. Pump seals in individual water supply systems where the pump is located below the design flood elevation.Deleted.
  3. Covers on potable water wells shall be sealed, except where the top of the casing well or pipe sleeve is elevated to not less than 1 foot (305 mm) above the design flood elevation.Deleted.
  4. Sanitary drainage piping.
  5. Storm drainage piping.
  6. Manhole covers shall be sealed, except where elevated to or above the design flood elevation.
  7. Other plumbing fixtures, faucets, fixture fittings, piping systems and equipment.
  8. Water heaters.
  9. Vents and vent systems.
Exception: The systems listed in this section are permitted to be located below the elevation required by Section 1612 of the International Building Code for utilities and attendant equipment, provided that the systems are designed and installed to prevent water from entering or accumulating within their components and the systems are constructed to resist hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and stresses, including the effects of buoyancy, during the occurrence of flooding up to such elevation.
Structures located in coastal high-hazard areas and coastal A zones shall meet the requirements of Section 309.2.The plumbing systems, pipes and fixtures shall not be mounted on or penetrate through walls intended to break away under flood loads.
Washrooms and toilet rooms shall be illuminated and ventilated in accordance with the International Building Code and International Mechanical Code.
The location of plumbing fixtures and the requirements for compartments and partitions shall be in accordance with Section 405.3.
Interior finish surfaces of toilet rooms shall comply with the International Building Code.

311.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Toilet facilities shall be provided for construction workers in accordance with the table below and such facilities shall be maintained in a sanitary condition. Construction worker toilet facilities of the nonsewer type shall conform to ANSI Z4.3.

NUMBER
OF EMPLOYEES
MINIMUM NUMBER OF FACILITIES
Less than 20 1 toilet
20 to 200 1 toilet & 1 urinal per 40 workers
More than 200 1 toilet & 1 urinal per 50 workers

     There shall be at least one facility for every two contiguous construction sites. Such facilities may be portable, enclosed, chemically treated, tank-tight units. Portable toilets shall be enclosed, screened and weatherproofed with internal latches.

     Temporary toilet facilities need not be provided on site for crews on a job site for no more than one working day and having transportation readily available to toilet facilities.

312.1 Required Tests

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The permit holder shall make the applicable tests prescribed in Sections 312.2 through 312.10 to determine compliance with the provisions of this code. The permit holder shall give reasonable advance notice to the code official when the plumbing work is ready for tests. The equipment, material, power and labor necessary for the inspection and test shall be furnished by the permit holder and he or shethe permit holder shall be responsible for determining that the work will withstand the test pressure prescribed in the following tests. All plumbing system piping shall be tested with either water or , for piping systems other than plastic, by air. After the plumbing fixtures have been set and their traps filled with water, the entire drainage system shall be submitted to final tests. The code official shall require the removal of any cleanouts if necessary to ascertain whether the pressure has reached all parts of the system.
Gauges used for testing shall be as follows:

1. Tests requiring a pressure of 10 pounds per square inch (psi) (69 kPa) or less shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 0.10 psi (0.69 kPa) or less.

2. Tests requiring a pressure of greater than 10 psi (69 kPa) but less than or equal to 100 psi (689 kPa) shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 1 psi (6.9 kPa) or less.

3. Tests requiring a pressure of greater than 100 psi (689 kPa) shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 2 psi (14 kPa) or less.

312.2 Drainage and Vent Water Test

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
A water test shall be applied to the drainage system within the building either in its entirety or in sections. If applied to the entire system, all openings in the piping shall be tightly closed, except the highest opening, and the system shall be filled with water to the point of overflow. If the system is tested in sections, each opening shall be tightly plugged except the highest openings of the section under test, and each section shall be filled with water, but no section shall be tested with less than a 10-foot (3048 mm) head of water. In testing successive sections, at least the upper 10 feet (3048 mm) of the next preceding section shall be tested so that no joint or pipe in the building, except the uppermost 10 feet (3048 mm) of the system, shall have been submitted to a test of less than a 10-foot (3048 mm) head of water. This pressure shall be held for not less than 15 minutes. The system shall then be tight at all points.

Exception: Rough plumbing testing for one- and two-family dwellings shall be as specified above except the water level shall be a minimum of 3 feet (914 mm) above the highest drainage fitting. Under slab piping systems shall be tested with a minimum of 10 feet (3048 mm) of head.

312.3 Drainage and Vent Air Test

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Plastic piping shall not be tested using air. An air test shall be made by forcing air into the system until there is a uniform gauge pressure of 5 psi (34.5 kPa) or sufficient to balance a 10-inch (254 mm) column of mercury. This pressure shall be held for a test period of not less than 15 minutes. Any adjustments to the test pressure required because of changes in ambient temperatures or the seating of gaskets shall be made prior to the beginning of the test period.

312.4 Drainage and Vent Final Test

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The final test of the completed drainage and vent systems shall be visual and in sufficient detail to determine compliance with the provisions of this code. Where a smoke test is utilized, it shall be made by filling all traps with water and then introducing into the entire system a pungent, thick smoke produced by one or more smoke machines. When the smoke appears at stack openings on the roof, the stack openings shall be closed and a pressure equivalent to a 1-inch water column (248.8 Pa) shall be held for a test period of not less than 15 minutes. After the plumbing fixtures have been set and their traps filled with water, their connections shall be tested and proved gas tight or water tight as follows:
  1. Water tightness. Each fixture shall be filled and then drained. Traps and fixture connections shall be proven water tight by visual inspection.
  2. Gas tightness. Where required by the local administrative authority, a final test for gas tightness of the DWV system shall be made by the smoke or peppermint test as follows:
    1. Smoke test. Introduce a pungent, thick smoke into the system. When the smoke appears at vent terminals, such terminals shall be sealed and a pressure equivalent to a 1-inch water column (249 Pa) shall be applied and maintained for a test period of not less than 15 minutes.
    2. Peppermint test. Introduce 2 ounces (59 mL) of oil of peppermint into the system. Add 10 quarts (9464 mL) of hot water and seal the vent terminals. The odor of peppermint shall not be detected at any trap or other point in the system.

312.5 Water Supply System Test

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Upon completion of a section of or the entire water supplydistribution system, the system, or portion completed, shall be tested and proved tight under a water pressure not less than the working pressure of the system; or, for piping systems other than plastic, by an air test of not less than 50 psi (344 kPa). or an air test of not less than 100 psi (688 kPa). Repaired sections of existing water systems shall be tested at existing operating pressure. This pressure shall be held for not less than 15 minutes. The water utilized for tests shall be obtained from a potable source of supply. The required tests shall be performed in accordance with this section and Section 107.

312.6 Gravity Sewer Test

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Gravity sewer tests shall consist of plugging the end of the building sewer at the point of connection with the public sewer, filling the building sewer with water, testing with not less than a 10-foot (3048 mm) head of water and maintaining such pressure for 15 minutes.

312.7 Forced Sewer Test

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Forced sewer tests shall consist of plugging the end of the building sewer at the point of connection with the public sewer and applying a pressure of 5 psi (34.5 kPa) greater than the pump rating, and maintaining such pressure for 15 minutes.
Storm drain systems within a building shall be tested by water or air in accordance with Section 312.2 or 312.3.

312.9 Shower liner or pan test

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Where shower floors and receptors are made water tight by the application of materials required by Section 417.5.2, the completed liner installation shall be tested. The pipe from the shower drain shall be plugged water tight for the test. The floor and receptor area shall be filled with potable water to a depth of not less than 2 inches (51 mm) measured at the threshold. Where a threshold of at least 2 inches (51 mm) high does not exist, a temporary threshold shall be constructed to retain the test water in the lined floor or receptor area to a level not less than 2 inches (51 mm) deep measured at the threshold. The water shall be retained for a test period of not less than 15 minutes, and there shall not be evidence of leakage.

312.10 Inspection and Testing of Backflow Prevention Assemblies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Inspection and testing shall comply with Sections 312.10.1 and 312.10.2.

312.10.1 Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Annual inspections shall be made of all backflow prevention assemblies and air gaps to determine whether they are operable.

312.10.2 Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Reduced pressure principle, double check, pressure vacuum breaker, reduced pressure detector fire protection, double check detector fire protection, and spill-resistant vacuum breaker backflow preventer assemblies and hose connection backflow preventers shall be tested at the time of installation, immediately after repairs or relocation and at least annually. The testing procedure shall be performed in accordance with one of the following standards: ASSE 5013, ASSE 5015, ASSE 5020, ASSE 5047, ASSE 5048, ASSE 5052, ASSE 5056, CSA B64.10 or CSA B64.10.1.
Equipment efficiencies shall be in accordance with the International Energy Conservation Code.

314.1 Fuel-Burning Appliances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Liquid combustion byproducts of condensing appliances shall be collected and discharged to an approved plumbing fixture or disposal area in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Condensate piping shall be of approved corrosion-resistant material and shall not be smaller than the drain connection on the appliance. Such piping shall maintain a horizontal slope in the direction of discharge of not less than one-eighth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (1-percent slope).

314.1 Approved location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Approved location shall be in accordance with the North Carolina Mechanical Code.

314.2 Evaporators and Cooling Coils

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Condensate drain systems shall be provided for equipment and appliances containing evaporators or cooling coils. Condensate drain systems shall be designed, constructed and installed in accordance with Sections 314.2.1 through 314.2.5.

314.2.1 Condensate Disposal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Condensate from all cooling coils and evaporators shall be conveyed from the drain pan outlet to an approved place of disposal. Such piping shall maintain a horizontal slope in the direction of discharge of not less than one-eighth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (1-percent slope). Condensate shall not discharge into a street, alley or other areas so as to cause a nuisance.

314.2.2 Drain Pipe Materials and Sizes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Components of the condensate disposal system shall be cast iron, galvanized steel, copper, cross-linked polyethylene, polyethylene, ABS, CPVC or PVC or polypropylene pipe or tubing. All components shall be selected for the pressure and temperature rating of the installation. Joints and connections shall be made in accordance with the applicable provisions of Chapter 7 relative to the material type. Condensate waste and drain line size shall be not less than 3/4 -inch (19.1 mm) internal diameter and shall not decrease in size from the drain pan connection to the place of condensate disposal. Where the drain pipes from more than one unit are manifolded together for condensate drainage, the pipe or tubing shall be sized in accordance with Table 314.2.2.

[M] TABLE 314.2.2 CONDENSATE DRAIN SIZING

EQUIPMENT CAPACITY MINIMUM CONDENSATE
PIPE DIAMETER
(inch)
Up to 20 tons of refrigeration 3/4 inch
Over 20 tons to 40 tons of refrigeration 1 inch
Over 40 tons to 90 tons of refrigeration 11/4 inch
Over 90 tons to 125 tons of refrigeration 11/2 inch
Over 125 tons to 250 tons of refrigeration 2 inch

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 ton of capacity = 3.517 kW.

314.2.3 Auxiliary and Secondary Drain Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In addition to the requirements of Section 314.2.1, where damage to any building components could occur as a result of overflow from the equipment primary condensate removal system, one of the following auxiliary protection methods shall be provided for each cooling coil or fuelfired appliance that produces condensate:

1. An auxiliary drain pan with a separate drain shall be provided under the coils on which condensation will occur. The auxiliary pan drain shall discharge to a conspicuous point of disposal to alert occupants in the event of a stoppage of the primary drain. The pan shall have a depth of not less than 11/2 inches (38mm), shall be not less than 3 inches (76 mm) larger than the unit or the coil dimensions in width and length and shall be constructed of corrosion-resistant material. Galvanized sheet metal pans shall have a thickness of not less than 0.0236-inch (0.6010 mm) (No. 24 gage) galvanized sheet metal. Nonmetallic pans shall have a thickness of not less than 0.0625 inch (1.6 mm).

2. A separate overflow drain line shall be connected to the drain pan provided with the equipment. Such overflow drain shall discharge to a conspicuous point of disposal to alert occupants in the event of a stoppage of the primary drain. The overflow drain line shall connect to the drain pan at a higher level than the primary drain connection.

3. An auxiliary drain pan without a separate drain line shall be provided under the coils on which condensate will occur. Such pan shall be equipped with a water-level detection device conforming to UL 508 that will shut off the equipment served prior to overflow of the pan. The auxiliary drain pan shall be constructed in accordance with Item 1 of this section.

4. A water-level detection device conforming to UL 508 shall be provided that will shut off the equipment served in the event that the primary drain is blocked. The device shall be installed in the primary drain line, the overflow drain line or in the equipment-supplied drain pan, located at a point higher than the primary drain line connection and below the overflow rim of such pan.

Exception: Fuel-fired appliances that automatically shut down operation in the event of a stoppage in the condensate drainage system.

314.2.3.1 Water-Level Monitoring Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
On down-flow units and all other coils that do not have a secondary drain or provisions to install a secondary or auxiliary drain pan, a water-level monitoring device shall be installed inside the primary drain pan. This device shall shut off the equipment served in the event that the primary drain becomes restricted. Devices installed in the drain line shall not be permitted.

314.2.3.2 Appliance, Equipment and Insulation in Pans

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Where appliances, equipment or insulation are subject to water damage when auxiliary drain pans fill such portions of the appliances, equipment and insulation shall be installed above the flood level rim of the pan. Supports located inside of the pan to support the appliance or equipment shall be water resistant and approved.

314.2.4 Traps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Condensate drains shall be trapped as required by the equipment or appliance manufacturer.

314.2.4.1 Ductless Mini-Split System Traps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Ductless mini-split equipment that produces condensation shall be provided with an in-line check valve located in the drain line or a trap.

314.2.5 Drain Line Maintenance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
Condensate drain lines shall be configured to permit the clearing of blockages and performance of maintenance without requiring the drain line to be cut.
The annular space between the outside of a pipe and the inside of a pipe sleeve or between the outside of a pipe and an opening in a building envelope wall, floor, or ceiling assembly penetrated by a pipe shall be sealed in an approved manner with caulking material, foam sealant or closed with a gasketing system. The caulking material, foam sealant or gasketing system shall be designed for the conditions at the penetration location and shall be compatible with the pipe, sleeve and building materials in contact with the sealing materials. Annular spaces created by pipes penetrating fire-resistance-rated assemblies or membranes of such assemblies shall be sealed or closed in accordance with Section 714 of the International Building Code.
The design, documentation, inspection, testing and approval of an alternative engineered design plumbing system shall comply with Sections 316.1.1 through 316.1.6.
An alternative engineered design shall conform to the intent of the provisions of this code and shall provide an equivalent level of quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety. Material, equipment or components shall be designed and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
The registered design professional shall indicate on the permit application that the plumbing system is an alternative engineered design. The permit and permanent permit records shall indicate that an alternative engineered design was part of the approved installation.
The registered design professional shall submit sufficient technical data to substantiate the proposed alternative engineered design and to prove that the performance meets the intent of this code.
The registered design professional shall submit to the code official two complete sets of signed and sealed construction documents for the alternative engineering design. The construction documents shall include floor plans and a riser diagram of the work. Where appropriate, the construction documents shall indicate the direction of flow, all pipe sizes, grade of horizontal piping, loading and location of fixtures and appliances.
Where the code official determines that the alternative engineered design conforms to the intent of this code, the plumbing system shall be approved. If the alternative engineered design is not approved, the code official shall notify the registered design professional in writing, stating the reasons thereof.
The alternative engineered design shall be tested and inspected in accordance with the requirements of Sections 107 and 312.

Section 317 CARBON MONOXIDE ALARMS

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.

317.1 Carbon monoxide alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In new construction, one- and two-family dwellings and townhouses within which fuel-fired appliances or fireplaces are installed or that have attached garages shall be provided with an approved carbon monoxide alarm installed outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedroom(s) as directed by the alarm manufacturer.

317.2 Where required—existing dwellings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
In existing dwellings, where interior alterations, repairs, or additions requiring a building permit occur, or where one or more sleeping rooms are added or created, or where fuel-fired appliances or fireplaces are added or replaced, carbon monoxide alarms shall be provided in accordance with Section 317.1.

Exception: Work involving the exterior surfaces of dwellings, such as the replacement of roofing or siding, or the addition or replacement of windows or doors, or the addition of a porch or deck, or the installation of a fuel-fired appliance that cannot introduce carbon monoxide to the interior of the dwelling, are exempt from the requirements of this section.

317.3 Alarm requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level. Amendments are shown in green text.
The required carbon monoxide alarms shall be audible in all bedrooms over background noise levels with all intervening doors closed. Single station carbon monoxide alarms shall be listed as complying with UL 2034 and shall be installed in accordance with this code and the manufacturer’s installation instructions. Battery powered, plug-in, or hard-wired alarms are acceptable for use.
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