ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Plumbing Code 2009 (IPC 2009)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.
The provisions of this chapter shall govern the general regulations regarding the installation of plumbing not specific to other chapters.
Plumbing shall be installed with due regard to preservation of the strength of structural members and prevention of damage to walls and other surfaces through fixture usage.

301.3 Connections to the Sanitary Drainage System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All plumbing fixtures, drains, appurtenances and appliances used to receive or discharge liquid wastes or sewage shall be directly connected to the sanitary drainage system of the building or premises, in accordance with the requirements of this code. This section shall not be construed to prevent the indirect waste systems required by Chapter 8. All drain, waste and vent piping associated with gray water or rain water recycling systems shall be installed in compliance with this code.
Every plumbing fixture, device or appliance requiring or using water for its proper operation shall be directly or indirectly connected to the water supply system in accordance with the provisions of this code.

301.5 Pipe, Tube and Fitting Sizes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
See Chapter 2, Definitions, "Pipe sizes."

Plumbing systems shall not be located in an elevator shaft or in an elevator equipment room.

Exception: Floor drains, sumps and sump pumps shall be permitted at the base of the shaft, provided that they are indirectly connected to the plumbing system and comply with Section 1003.4.

301.7 Conflicts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where conflicts between this code and the conditions of the listing or the manufacturer's installation instructions occur, the provisions of this code apply.

Exception: Where a code provision is less restrictive than the conditions of the listing of the equipment or appliance or the manufacturer's installation instructions, the conditions of the listing and manufacturer's installation instructions shall apply.

302.1 Detrimental or Dangerous Materials

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Note: The following text is provided for informational purposes only.

Ashes, cinders or rags; flammable, poisonous or explosive liquids or gases; oil, grease or any other insoluble material capable of obstructing, damaging or overloading the building drainage or sewer system, or capable of interfering with the normal operation of the sewage treatment processes or private disposal system, should not be deposited, into such systems.
Waste products from manufacturing or industrial operations shall not be introduced into the public sewer until it has been determined by the code official or other authority having jurisdiction that the introduction thereof will not damage the public sewer system or interfere with the functioning of the sewage treatment plant.

303.1 Identification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each length of pipe and each pipe fitting, trap, fixture, material and device utilized in a plumbing system shall bear the identification of the manufacturer, and the applicable standard to which it was manufactured.
All materials used shall be installed in strict accordance with the standards under which the materials are accepted and approved. In the absence of such installation procedures, the manufacturer's installation instructions shall be followed. Where the requirements of referenced standards or manufacturer's installation instructions do not conform to minimum provisions of this code, the provisions of this code shall apply.
All plastic pipe, fittings and components shall be third-party certified as conforming to NSF 14.

All plumbing products and materials shall comply with the referenced standards, specifications and performance criteria of this code and shall be identified in accordance with Section 303.1. When required by Table 303.4, plumbing products and materials shall either be tested by an approved third-party testing agency or certified by an approved third-party certification agency

TABLE 303.4
PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS REQUIRING THIRD-PARTY TESTING AND THIRD-PARTY CERTIFICATION

PRODUCT OR MATERIAL

THIRD-PARTY CERTIFIED

THIRD-PARTY TESTED

Potable water supply system components and potable
water fixture fittings

Required

-

Sanitary drainage and vent system components

Plastic pipe, fittings and pipe-related components

All others

Waste fixture fittings

Plastic pipe, fittings and pipe-related components

All others

Storm drainage system components

Plastic pipe, fittings and pipe-related components

All others

Plumbing fixtures

-

Required

Plumbing appliances

Required

-

Backflow prevention devices

Required

-

Water distribution system safety devices

Required

-

Special waste system components

-

Required

Subsoil drainage system components

-

Required

304.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Plumbing systems shall be designed and installed in accordance with Sections 304.2 through 304.4 and the North Carolina Building Code, Appendix H, to prevent rodents from entering structures.
All strainer plates on drain inlets shall be designed and installed so that all openings are not greater than 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) in least dimension.

304.3 Meter Boxes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

304.4 Openings for Pipes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In or on structures where openings have been made in walls, floors or ceilings for the passage of pipes, such openings shall be closed and protected by the installation of approved metal collars or other aproved materials that are securely fastened to the adjoining structure.
Pipes passing through concrete or cinder walls and floors or other corrosive material shall be protected against external corrosion by a protective sheathing or wrapping or other means that will withstand any reaction from the lime and acid of concrete, cinder or other corrosive material. Sheathing or wrapping shall allow for movement including expansion and contraction of piping. Minimum wall thickness of material shall be 0.025 inch (0.64 mm).
Pipes passing through or under walls shall be protected from breakage.
Piping in a plumbing system shall be installed so as to prevent strains and stresses that exceed the structural strength of the pipe. Where necessary, provisions shall be made to protect piping from damage resulting from expansion, contraction and structural settlement.
Annular spaces between sleeves and pipes shall be filled or tightly caulked in an approved manner. Annular spaces between sleeves and pipes in fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall be filled or tightly caulked in accordance with the International Building Code.

305.5 Pipes Through or Under Footings or Foundation Walls

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Any pipe that passes within 12 inches (305 mm) under a footing or through a foundation wall shall be provided with a relieving arch, or a pipe sleeve pipe shall be built into the foundation wall. The sleeve shall be two pipe sizes greater than the pipe passing through the wall. Piping shall not be run under pier footing (refer to Section 307).

305.6 Freezing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The top of water pipes, installed below grade outside the building, shall be below the frost line or a minimum of 12 inches (305 mm) below finished grade, whichever is greater. Water pipes installed in a wall exposed to the exterior shall be located on the heated side of the wall insulation.Water piping installed in an unconditioned attic or unconditioned utility room shall have insulation with a minimum R-factor of 6.5 determined at 75°F (24°C) in accordance with ASTM C177.

Note: These provisions are minimum requirements, which have been found suitable for normal weather conditions. Abnormally low temperatures for extended periods may require additional provisions to prevent freezing.

305.6.1 Sewer Depth

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

305.6.1 Frost Protection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
No traps of soil or waste pipe shall be installed or permitted outside of a building, or concealed in outside walls or in any place where they may be subjected to freezing temperatures, unless adequate provision is made to protect them from freezing. Waste and soil piping leaving the building shall have a minimum cover of 3 inches (76.2 mm).

305.6.2 Condensing Furnaces and Boilers

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where condensate drains from condensing furnaces or boilers are installed in locations subject to freezing, the condensate drain lines in attics shall be freeze protected in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.
Joints at the roof and around vent pipes, shall be made water-tight by the use of lead, copper, galvanized steel, aluminum, plastic or other approved flashings or flashing material. Exterior wall openings shall be made water-tight.
In concealed locations where piping, other than cast-iron or galvanized steel, is installed through holes or notches in studs, joists, rafters or similar members less than 11/2 inches (38 mm) from the nearest edge of the member, the pipe shall be protected by steel shield plates. Such shield plates shall have a thickness of not less than 0.0575 inch (1.463 mm) (No. 16 gage). Such plates shall cover the area of the pipe where the member is notched or bored, and shall extend a minimum of 2 inches (51 mm) above sole plates and below top plates.

305.9 Protection of Components of Plumbing System

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Components of a plumbing system installed along alleyways, driveways, parking garages or other locations exposed to damage shall be recessed into the wall or otherwise protected in an approved manner.

Exception: One- and two-family dwellings and townhouses.
Buried piping shall be supported throughout its entire length.
Where trenches are excavated such that the bottom of the trench forms the bed for the pipe, solid and continuous load-bearing support shall be provided between joints. Bell holes, hub holes and coupling holes shall be provided at points where the pipe is joined. Such pipe shall not be supported on blocks to grade. In instances where the materials manufacturer's installation instructions are more restrictive than those prescribed by the code, the material shall be installed in accordance with the more restrictive requirement.
Where trenches are excavated below the installation level of the pipe such that the bottom of the trench does not form the bed for the pipe, the trench shall be backfilled to the installation level of the bottom of the pipe with sand or fine gravel placed in layers of 6 inches (152 mm) maximum depth and such backfill shall be compacted after each placement.
Where rock is encountered in trenching, the rock shall be removed to a minimum of 3 inches (76 mm) below the installation level of the bottom of the pipe, and the trench shall be backfilled to the installation level of the bottom of the pipe with sand tamped in place so as to provide uniform load-bearing support for the pipe between joints. The pipe, including the joints, shall not rest on rock at any point.
If soft materials of poor load-bearing quality are found at the bottom of the trench, stabilization shall be achieved by overexcavating a minimum of two pipe diameters and backfilling to the installation level of the bottom of the pipe with fine gravel, crushed stone or a concrete foundation. The concrete foundation shall be bedded with sand tamped into place so as to provide uniform load-bearing support for the pipe between joints.

306.2.4 Tracer Wire

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
For plastic sewer piping, an insulated copper tracer wire or other approved conductor shall be installed adjacent to and over the full length of the piping. Access shall be provided to the tracer wire or the tracer wire shall terminate at the cleanout between the building drain and building sewer. The tracer wire size shall be not less than 14 AWG and the insulation type shall be listed for direct burial.

The effective date of this Rule is March 1, 2017.
The Statutory authority for Rule-making is G. S. 143-136; 143-138.
Backfill shall be free from discarded construction material and debris. Loose earth free from rocks, broken concrete and frozen chunks shall be placed in the trench in 6-inch (152 mm) layers and tamped in place until the crown of the pipe is covered by 12 inches (305 mm) of tamped earth. The backfill under and beside the pipe shall be compacted for pipe support. Backfill shall be brought up evenly on both sides of the pipe so that the pipe remains aligned. In instances where the manufacturer's installation instructions for materials are more restrictive than those prescribed by the code, the material shall be installed in accordance with the more restrictive requirement.
Where pipe is to be installed by tunneling, jacking or a combination of both, the pipe shall be protected from damage during installation and from subsequent uneven loading. Where earth tunnels are used, adequate supporting structures shall be provided to prevent future settling or caving.
In the process of installing or repairing any part of a plumbing and drainage installation, the finished floors, walls, ceilings, tile work or any other part of the building or premises that must be changed or replaced shall be left in a safe structural condition in accordance with the requirements of the International Building Code.
A framing member shall not be cut, notched or bored in excess of limitations specified in the International Building Code.
Penetrations of floor/ceiling assemblies and assemblies required to have a fire-resistance rating shall be protected in accordance with the International Building Code.
Truss members and components shall not be cut, drilled, notched, spliced or otherwise altered in any way without written concurrence and approval of a registered design professional. Alterations resulting in the addition of loads to any member (e.g., HVAC equipment, water heater) shall not be permitted without verification that the truss is capable of supporting such additional loading.
Trenches installed parallel to footings shall not extend below the 45-degree (0.79 rad) bearing plane of the footing or wall.
All piping materials exposed within plenums shall comply with the provisions of the International Mechanical Code.
All plumbing piping shall be supported in accordance with this section.
Where earthquake loads are applicable in accordance with the building code, plumbing piping supports shall be designed and installed for the seismic forces in accordance with the International Building Code.
Hangers, anchors and supports shall support the piping and the contents of the piping. Hangers and strapping material shall be of approved material that will not promote galvanic action.
Hangers and anchors shall be attached to the building construction in an approved manner.

Pipe shall be supported in accordance with Table 308.5.

Exception: The interval of support for piping systems designed to provide for expansion/contraction shall conform to the engineered design in accordance with Section 105.4.
TABLE 308.5
HANGER SPACING

PIPING MATERIAL

MAXIMUM HORIZONTAL SPACING (feet)

MAXIMUM VERTICAL SPACING (feet)

ABS pipe

4

10b

Aluminum tubing

10

15

Brass pipe

10

10

Cast-iron pipe

5a

15

Copper or copper-alloy pipe

12

10

Copper or copper-alloy tubing,
11/4-inch diameter and smaller

6

10

Copper or copper-alloy tubing,
11/2-inch diameter and larger

10

10

Cross-linked polyethylene
(PEX) pipe

2.67
(32 inches)

10b

Cross-linked polyethylene/
aluminum/cross-linked
polyethylene (PEX-AL-PEX) pipe

2.67
(32 inches)

4

CPVC pipe or tubing, 1 inch
and smaller

3

10b

CPVC pipe or tubing, 11/4 inches
and larger

4

10b

Steel pipe

12

15

Lead pipe

Continuous

4

Polyethylene/aluminum/
polyethylene (PE-AL-PE) pipe

2.67
(32 inches)

4

Polypropylene (PP) pipe or tubing 1 inch and smaller

2.67
(32 inches)

10b

Polypropylene (PP) pipe or tubing, 11/4 inches and larger

4

10b

PVC pipe

4

10b

Stainless steel drainage systems

10

10b

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

  1. The maximum horizontal spacing of cast-iron pipe hangers shall be increased to 10 feet where 10-foot lengths of pipe are installed.
  2. Midstory guide for sizes 2 inches and smaller.
Rigid support sway bracing shall be provided at changes in direction greater than 45 degrees (0.79 rad) for pipe sizes 4 inches (102 mm) and larger.
Anchorage shall be provided to restrain drainage piping from axial movement.

308.7.1 Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
For plastic pipe sizes greater than 6 inches (152 mm), and other pipe sizes greater than 4 inches (102 mm), restraints shall be provided for drain pipes at all changes in direction and at all changes in diameter greater than two pipe sizes. Braces, blocks, rodding, backfill and other methods specified as suitable by the coupling manufacturer shall be utilized.
Expansion joint fittings shall be used only where necessary to provide for expansion and contraction of the pipes. Expansion joint fittings shall be of the typical material suitable for use with the type of piping in which such fittings are installed.
Piping bundles for manifold systems shall be supported in accordance with Table 308.5. Support at changes in direction shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. Hot and cold water piping shall not be grouped in the same bundle.

308.10 Stacks

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Bases of stacks shall be supported by the building structure, virgin or compacted earth, or other material suitable to support the weight of the piping.
Plumbing systems and equipment in structures erected in flood hazard areas shall be constructed in accordance with the requirements of this section and the International Building Code.

[B] 309.2 Flood Hazard

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
For structures located in flood hazard areas, the following systems and equipment shall be located at or above the design flood elevation.
Exception: The following systems are permitted to be located below the design flood elevation provided that the systems are designed and installed to prevent water from entering or accumulating within their components and the systems are constructed to resist hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and stresses, including the effects of buoyancy, during the occurrence of flooding to the design flood elevation.
  1. All water service pipes.
  2. Deleted.
  3. Deleted.
  4. All sanitary drainage piping.
  5. All storm drainage piping.
  6. Manhole covers shall be sealed, except where elevated to or above the design flood elevation.
  7. All other plumbing fixtures, faucets, fixture fittings, piping systems and equipment.
  8. Water heaters.
  9. Vents and vent systems.
Structures located in flood hazard areas subject to high-velocity wave action shall meet the requirements of Section 309.2. The plumbing systems, pipes and fixtures shall not be mounted on or penetrate through walls intended to break away under flood loads.

310.1 Light and Ventilation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Washrooms and toilet rooms shall be illuminated and ventilated in accordance with the International Building Code and International Mechanical Code. Toilet rooms shall not open directly into a room used for the preparation of food for service to the public.
Piping, fixtures or equipment shall not be located in such a manner as to interfere with the normal operation of windows, doors or other means of egress openings.
Interior finish surfaces of toilet rooms shall comply with the International Building Code.

310.4 Water Closet Compartment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Each water closet utilized by the public or employees shall occupy a separate compartment with walls or partitions and a door enclosing the fixtures to ensure privacy.
Exceptions:
  1. Water closet compartments shall not be required in a single-occupant toilet room with a lockable door.
  2. In toilet rooms in child care facilities in areas used exclusively by children five years of age and under, the following is permitted:
    1. Toilet stall enclosures, toilet stall doors and partitions between toilets may be omitted.
    2. Doors opening into toilet rooms may be omitted.
    3. Walls enclosing toilet rooms may be full height with vision panels, or may be partial height at least 42 inches (1067 mm) high in areas for children four and five years of age and 36 inches (914 mm) high in areas for children under four years of age.
  3. This provision is not applicable to toilet areas located within Group I-3 housing areas.
The toilet rooms shall meet applicable ventilation requirements for toilet areas in the North Carolina Building Code and the North Carolina Mechanical Code.

Each urinal utilized by the public or employees shall occupy a separate area with walls or partitions to provide privacy. The walls or partitions shall begin at a height not more than 12 inches (305 mm) from and extend not less than 60 inches (1524 mm) above the finished floor surface. The walls or partitions shall extend from the wall surface at each side of the urinal a minimum of 18 inches (457 mm) or to a point not less than 6 inches (152 mm) beyond the outermost front lip of the urinal measured from the finished back wall surface, whichever is greater. 

Exceptions:
  1. Urinal partitions shall not be required in a single occupant or family/assisted-use toilet room with a lockable door.
  2. Toilet rooms located in day-care and child-care facilities and containing two or more urinals shall be permitted to have one urinal without partitions.

311.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

311.1 Temporary Toilet Facilities at Construction Sites

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Toilet facilities shall be provided and maintained in a sanitary condition during construction. An adequate number of facilities must be provided for the number of employees at the construction site according to the following:

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES MINIMUM NUMBER OF FACILITIES
Less than 20 1 toilet
20 to 200 1 toilet & 1 urinal per 40 workers
More than 200 1 toilet & 1 urinal per 50 workers

There shall be at least one facility for every two contiguous construction sites. Such facilities may be portable, enclosed, chemically treated, tank-tight units. Portable toilets shall be enclosed, screened and weatherproofed with internal latches.

Temporary toilet facilities need not be provided on site for crews on a job site for no more than one working day and having transportation readily available to toilet facilities.
The permit holder shall make the applicable tests prescribed in Sections 312.2 through 312.10 to determine compliance with the provisions of this code. The permit holder shall give reasonable advance notice to the code official when the plumbing work is ready for tests. The equipment, material, power and labor necessary for the inspection and test shall be furnished by the permit holder and the permit holder shall be responsible for determining that the work will withstand the test pressure prescribed in the following tests. All plumbing system piping shall be tested with either water or, for piping systems other than plastic, by air. After the plumbing fixtures have been set and their traps filled with water, the entire drainage system shall be submitted to final tests. The code official shall require the removal of any cleanouts if necessary to ascertain whether the pressure has reached all parts of the system.

Gauges used for testing shall be as follows:

  1. Tests requiring a pressure of 10 pounds per square inch (psi) (69 kPa) or less shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 0.10 psi (0.69 kPa) or less.
  2. Tests requiring a pressure of greater than 10 psi (69 kPa) but less than or equal to 100 psi (689 kPa) shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 1 psi (6.9 kPa) or less.
  3. Tests requiring a pressure of greater than 100 psi (689 kPa) shall utilize a testing gauge having increments of 2 psi (14 kPa) or less.

312.2 Drainage and Vent Water Test

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
A water test shall be applied to the drainage system within the building either in its entirety or in sections. If applied to the entire system, all openings in the piping shall be tightly closed, except the highest opening, and the system shall be filled with water to the point of overflow. If the system is tested in sections, each opening shall be tightly plugged except the highest openings of the section under test, and each section shall be filled with water, but no section shall be tested with less than a 10-foot (3048 mm) head of water. In testing successive sections, at least the upper 10 feet (3048 mm) of the next preceding section shall be tested so that no joint or pipe in the building, except the uppermost 10 feet (3048 mm) of the system, shall have been submitted to a test of less than a 10-foot (3048 mm) head of water. This pressure shall be held for at least 15 minutes. The system shall then be tight at all points.

Exception: Rough plumbing testing for one- and two-family dwellings shall be as specified above except the water level shall be a minimum of 3 feet (914 mm) above the highest drainage fitting.
An air test shall be made by forcing air into the system until there is a uniform gauge pressure of 5 psi (34.5 kPa) or sufficient to balance a 10-inch (254 mm) column of mercury. This pressure shall be held for a test period of at least 15 minutes. Any adjustments to the test pressure required because of changes in ambient temperature or the seating of gaskets shall be made prior to the beginning of the test period.
The final test of the completed drainage and vent systems shall be visual and in sufficient detail to determine compliance with the provisions of this code. Where a smoke test is utilized, it shall be made by filling all traps with water and then introducing into the entire system a pungent, thick smoke produced by one or more smoke machines. When the smoke appears at stack openings on the roof, the stack openings shall be closed and a pressure equivalent to a 1-inch water column (248.8 Pa) shall be held for a test period of not less than 15 minutes.

312.5 Water Supply System Test

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Upon completion of a section of or the entire water supply system, the system, or portion completed, shall be tested and proved tight under a water pressure not less than the working pressure of the system; or an air test of not less than 100 psi (688 kPa). This pressure shall be held for at least 15 minutes. The water utilized for tests shall be obtained from a potable source of supply. The required tests shall be performed in accordance with this section and Section 107.

312.6 Gravity Sewer Test

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

312.7 Forced Sewer Test

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Storm drain systems within a building shall be tested by water or air in accordance with Section 312.2 or 312.3.
Where shower floors and receptors are made water-tight by the application of materials required by Section 417.5.2, the completed liner installation shall be tested. The pipe from the shower drain shall be plugged water tight for the test. The floor and receptor area shall be filled with potable water to a depth of not less than 2 inches (51 mm) measured at the threshold. Where a threshold of at least 2 inches (51 mm) high does not exist, a temporary threshold shall be constructed to retain the test water in the lined floor or receptor area to a level not less than 2 inches (51 mm) deep measured at the threshold. The water shall be retained for a test period of not less than 15 minutes, and there shall not be evidence of leakage.

312.10 Inspection and Testing of Backflow Prevention Assemblies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

312.10.1 Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

312.10.2 Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Equipment efficiencies shall be in accordance with the International Energy Conservation Code.

[M] 314.1 Fuel-Burning Appliances

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[M] 314.1 Approved Location

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Approved location shall be in accordance with the North Carolina Mechanical Code.

[M] 314.2 Evaporators and Cooling Coils

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[M] 314.2.1 Condensate Disposal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[M] 314.2.2 Drain Pipe Materials and Sizes

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[M] 314.2.3 Auxiliary and Secondary Drain Systems

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[M] 314.2.3.1 Water-Level Monitoring Devices

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[M] 314.2.3.2 Appliance, Equipment and Insulation in Pans

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

[M] 314.2.4 Traps

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 315 Carbon Monoxide Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

315.1 Carbon Monoxide Alarms

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In new construction, one- and two-family dwellings and townhouses within which fuel-fired appliances or fireplaces are installed or that have attached garages shall be provided with an approved carbon monoxide alarm installed outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedroom(s) as directed by the alarm manufacturer.

315.2 Where Required—Existing Dwellings

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
In existing dwellings, where interior alterations, repairs, or additions requiring a building permit occur, or where one or more sleeping rooms are added or created, or where fuel-fired appliances or fireplaces are added or replaced, carbon monoxide alarms shall be provided in accordance with Section 315.1.

Exception: Work involving the exterior surfaces of dwellings, such as the replacement of roofing or siding, or the addition or replacement of windows or doors, or the addition of a porch or deck, or the installation of a fuel-fired appliance that cannot introduce carbon monoxide to the interior of the dwelling, are exempt from the requirements of this section.

315.3 Alarm Requirements

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The required carbon monoxide alarms shall be audible in all bedrooms over background noise levels with all intervening doors closed. Single station carbon monoxide alarms shall be listed as complying with UL 2034 and shall be installed in accordance with this code and the manufacturer's installation instructions. Battery-powered, plug-in, or hard-wired alarms are acceptable for use.
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