ADOPTS WITH AMENDMENTS:

International Fuel Gas Code 2015 (IFGC 2015)

Heads up: There are no amended sections in this chapter.

Part 1 — Scope and Application

101.1 Title

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
These regulations shall be known as the North Carolina Fuel Gas Code as adopted by the North Carolina Building Code Council on June 13, 2017 to be effective January 1, 2019. References to the International Codes shall mean the North Carolina Codes. The North Carolina amendments to the International Codes are underlined.
This code shall apply to the installation of fuel-gas piping systems, fuel gas appliances, gaseous hydrogen systems and related accessories in accordance with Sections 101.2.1 through 101.2.5.

Exception: Detached one- and two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three stories high with separate means of egress and their accessory structures shall comply with the International Residential Code.
Gaseous hydrogen systems shall be regulated by Chapter 7.
These regulations cover piping systems for natural gas with an operating pressure of 125 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) (862 kPa gauge) or less, and for LP-gas with an operating pressure of 20 psig (140 kPa gauge) or less, except as provided in Section 402.6. Coverage shall extend from the point of delivery to the outlet of the appliance shutoff valves. Piping system requirements shall include design, materials, components, fabrication, assembly, installation, testing, inspection, operation and maintenance.
Requirements for gas appliances and related accessories shall include installation, combustion and ventilation air and venting and connections to piping systems.
This code shall not apply to the following:
  1. Portable LP-gas appliances and equipment of all types that is not connected to a fixed fuel piping system.
  2. Installation of farm appliances and equipment such as brooders, dehydrators, dryers and irrigation equipment.
  3. Raw material (feedstock) applications except for piping to special atmosphere generators.
  4. Oxygen-fuel gas cutting and welding systems.
  5. Industrial gas applications using gases such as acetylene and acetylenic compounds, hydrogen, ammonia, carbon monoxide, oxygen and nitrogen.
  6. Petroleum refineries, pipeline compressor or pumping stations, loading terminals, compounding plants, refinery tank farms and natural gas processing plants.
  7. Integrated chemical plants or portions of such plants where flammable or combustible liquids or gases are produced by, or used in, chemical reactions.
  8. LP-gas installations at utility gas plants.
  9. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) installations.
  10. Fuel gas piping in power and atomic energy plants.
  11. Proprietary items of equipment, apparatus or instruments such as gas-generating sets, compressors and calorimeters.
  12. LP-gas equipment for vaporization, gas mixing and gas manufacturing.
  13. Temporary LP-gas piping for buildings under construction or renovation that is not to become part of the permanent piping system.
  14. Installation of LP-gas systems for railroad switch heating.
  15. Installation of hydrogen gas, LP-gas and compressed natural gas (CNG) systems on vehicles.
  16. Except as provided in Section 401.1.1, gas piping, meters, gas pressure regulators and other appurtenances used by the serving gas supplier in the distribution of gas, other than undiluted LP-gas.
  17. Building design and construction, except as specified herein.
  18. Piping systems for mixtures of gas and air within the flammable range with an operating pressure greater than 10 psig (69 kPa gauge).
  19. Portable fuel cell appliances that are neither connected to a fixed piping system nor interconnected to a power grid.
The requirements for the design, installation, maintenance, alteration and inspection of mechanical systems operating with fuels other than fuel gas shall be regulated by the International Mechanical Code.
Provisions in the appendices shall not apply unless specifically adopted.
The purpose of this code is to establish minimum standards to provide a reasonable level of safety, health, property protection and public welfare by regulating and controlling the design, construction, installation, quality of materials, location, operation and maintenance or use of fuel gas systems.
If a section, subsection, sentence, clause or phrase of this code is, for any reason, held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this code.

101.6 Requirements of Other State Agencies, Occupational Licensing Boards or Commissions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The North Carolina State Building Codes do not include all additional requirements for buildings and structures that may be imposed by other State agencies, occupational licensing boards and commissions. It shall be the responsibility of a permit holder, registered design professional, contractor or occupational license holder to determine whether any additional requirements exist.
Where there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the specific requirement shall govern. Where, in a specific case, different sections of this code specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern.
Except as otherwise provided for in this chapter, a provision in this code shall not require the removal, alteration or abandonment of, nor prevent the continued utilization and maintenance of, existing installations lawfully in existence at the time of the adoption of this code.
Additions, alterations, renovations or repairs related to building or structural issues shall be regulated by the International Building Code.
Installations, both existing and new, and parts thereof shall be maintained in proper operating condition in accordance with the original design and in a safe condition. Devices or safeguards that are required by this code shall be maintained in compliance with the edition of the code under which they were installed. The owner or the owner's authorized agent shall be responsible for maintenance of installations. To determine compliance with this provision, the code official shall have the authority to require an installation to be reinspected.
Additions, alterations, renovations or repairs to installations shall conform to that required for new installations without requiring the existing installation to comply with all of the requirements of this code. Additions, alterations or repairs shall not cause an existing installation to become unsafe, hazardous or overloaded.

Minor additions, alterations, renovations and repairs to existing installations shall meet the provisions for new construction, unless such work is done in the same manner and arrangement as was in the existing system, is not hazardous and is approved.
It shall be unlawful to make a change in the occupancy of a structure that will subject the structure to the special provisions of this code applicable to the new occupancy without approval. The code official shall certify that such structure meets the intent of the provisions of law governing building construction for the proposed new occupancy and that such change of occupancy does not result in any hazard to the public health, safety or welfare.
The provisions of this code relating to the construction, alteration, repair, enlargement, restoration, relocation or moving of buildings or structures shall not be mandatory for existing buildings or structures identified and classified by the state or local jurisdiction as historic buildings where such buildings or structures are judged by the code official to be safe and in the public interest of health, safety and welfare regarding any proposed construction, alteration, repair, enlargement, restoration, relocation or moving of buildings.
Except as determined by Section 102.2, installations that are a part of buildings or structures moved into or within the jurisdiction shall comply with the provisions of this code for new installations.
The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be those that are listed in Chapter 8 and such codes and standards shall be considered as part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference and as further regulated in Sections 102.8.1 and 102.8.2.

Exception: Where enforcement of a code provision would violate the conditions of the listing of the equipment or appliance, the conditions of the listing and the manufacturer's installation instructions shall apply.
Where conflicts occur between the provisions of this code and the referenced standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.
Where the extent of the reference to a referenced code or standard includes subject matter that is within the scope of this code, the provisions of this code, as applicable, shall take precedence over the provisions in the referenced code or standard.
Requirements necessary for the strength, stability or proper operation of an existing or proposed installation, or for the public safety, health and general welfare, not specifically covered by this code, shall be determined by the code official.
The provisions of this code shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.
Reference to chapter section numbers, or to provisions not specifically identified by number, shall be construed to refer to such chapter, section or provision of this code.

Part 2 — Administration and Enforcement

Section 103 (IFGC) Department of Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
See the North Carolina Administrative Code and Policies.

103.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

103.2 Appointment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

103.3 Deputies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

103.4 Liability

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

103.4.1 Legal Defense

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 104 (IFGC) Duties and Powers of the Code Official

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
See the North Carolina Administrative Code and Policies.

104.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

104.2 Applications and Permits

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

104.3 Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

104.4 Right of Entry

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

104.5 Identification

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

104.6 Notices and Orders

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

104.7 Department Records

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Where there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of this code, the code official shall have the authority to grant modifications for individual cases, upon application of the owner or owner's authorized agent, provided that the code official shall first find that special individual reason makes the strict letter of this code impractical and that such modification is in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and does not lessen health, life and fire safety requirements. The details of action granting modifications shall be recorded and entered in the files of the Department of Inspection.

105.2 Alternative Materials, Methods, Appliances and Equipment

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or to prohibit any method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative has been approved. An alternative material or method of construction shall be approved where the code official finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, not less than the equivalent of that prescribed in this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety. Where the alternative material, design or method of construction is not approved, the code official shall respond in writing, stating the reasons why the alternative was not approved. See the North Carolina Administrative Code and Policies, Section 203.2.2 for the appeal process.
Supporting data, where necessary to assist in the approval of materials or assemblies not specifically provided for in this code, shall consist of valid research reports from approved sources.
Where there is insufficient evidence of compliance with the provisions of this code or evidence that a material or method does not conform to the requirements of this code, or in order to substantiate claims for alternative materials or methods, the code official shall have the authority to require tests as evidence of compliance to be made at no expense to the jurisdiction.
Test methods shall be as specified in this code or by other recognized test standards. In the absence of recognized and accepted test methods, the code official shall approve the testing procedures.
Tests shall be performed by an approved agency.
Reports of tests shall be retained by the code official for the period required for retention of public records.
The use of used materials which meet the requirements of this code for new materials is permitted. Used appliances, equipment and devices shall not be reused unless such elements have been reconditioned, tested and placed in good and proper working condition, and approved by the code official.
Materials, equipment and devices approved by the code official shall be constructed and installed in accordance with such approval.
An owner, owner's authorized agent or contractor who desires to erect, install, enlarge, alter, repair, remove, convert or replace an installation regulated by this code, or to cause such work to be performed, shall first make application to the code official and obtain the required permit for the work.

Exception: Where appliance and equipment replacements and repairs are required to be performed in an emergency situation, the permit application shall be submitted within the next working business day of the Department of Inspection.

106.1.1 Annual Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.1.2 Annual Permit Records

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.2 Permits Not Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Permits shall not be required for the following:
  1. Portable heating appliances.
  2. Replacement of any minor component of an appliance or equipment that does not alter approval of such appliance or equipment or make such appliance or equipment unsafe.

         Refer to North Carolina General Statute 87-21(c) for fuel conversions, 21 North Carolina Administrative Code 50.0506.
     Exemption from the permit requirements of this code shall not be deemed to grant authorization for work to be done in violation of the provisions of this code or of other laws or ordinances of this jurisdiction.

     Remainder of Section 106 deleted. See the North Carolina Administrative Code and Policies.

106.3 Application for Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.3.1 Construction Documents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.3.2 Time Limitation of Application

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.4 Preliminary Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.5 Permit Issuance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.5.1 Approved Construction Documents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.5.2 Validity

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.5.3 Expiration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.5.4 Extensions

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.5.5 Suspension or Revocation of Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.5.6 Retention of Construction Documents

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.5.7 Previous Approvals

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.5.8 Posting of Permit

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.6 Fees

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.6.1 Work Commencing Before Permit Issuance

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.6.2 Fee Schedule

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

106.6.3 Fee Refunds

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 107 (IFGC) Inspections and Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
See the North Carolina Administrative Code and Policies.

107.1 General

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.2 Required Inspections and Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.2.1 Other Inspections

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.2.2 Inspection Requests

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.2.3 Approval Required

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.2.4 Approved Inspection Agencies

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.2.5 Evaluation and Follow-Up Inspection Services

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.2.5.1 Evaluation Service

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.2.5.2 Follow-Up Inspection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.2.5.3 Test and Inspection Records

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.3 Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.3.1 New, Altered, Extended or Repaired Installations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.3.2 Apparatus, Instruments, Material and Labor for Tests

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.3.3 Reinspection and Testing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.4 Approval

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.4.1 Revocation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.5 Temporary Connection

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

107.6 Connection of Service Utilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 108 (IFGC) Violations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
See the North Carolina Administrative Code and Policies.

108.1 Unlawful Acts

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

108.2 Notice of Violation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

108.3 Prosecution of Violation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

108.4 Violation Penalties

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

108.5 Stop Work Orders

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

108.6 Abatement of Violation

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

108.7 Unsafe Installations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

108.7.1 Authority to Condemn Installations

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

108.7.2 Authority to Disconnect Service Utilities

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

108.7.3 Connection After Order to Disconnect

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

Section 109 (IFGC) Means of Appeal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
See the North Carolina Administrative Code and Policies.

109.1 Application for Appeal

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.2 Membership of Board

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.2.1 Qualifications

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.2.2 Alternate Members

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.2.3 Chairman

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.2.4 Disqualification of Member

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.2.5 Secretary

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.2.6 Compensation of Members

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.3 Notice of Meeting

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.4 Open Hearing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.4.1 Procedure

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.5 Postponed Hearing

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.6 Board Decision

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.6.1 Resolution

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.6.2 Administration

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

109.7 Court Review

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The code official is authorized to issue a permit for temporary equipment, systems and uses. Such permits shall be limited as to time of service, but shall not be permitted for more than 180 days. The code official is authorized to grant extensions for demonstrated cause.
Temporary equipment, systems and uses shall conform to the structural strength, fire safety, means of egress, accessibility, light, ventilation and sanitary requirements of this code as necessary to ensure the public health, safety and general welfare.
The code official is authorized to give permission to temporarily supply utilities before an installation has been fully completed and the final certificate of completion has been issued. The part covered by the temporary certificate shall comply with the requirements specified for temporary lighting, heat or power in the code.
The code official is authorized to terminate such permit for a temporary structure or use and to order the temporary structure or use to be discontinued.
UpCodes Premium
Leverage the most sophisticated code compliance platform.
TRY FREE FOR TWO WEEKS VISIT PRICING