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International Fire Code 2009 (IFC 2009)

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Chapter 17 Fumigation and Thermal Insecticidal Fogging

AMENDMENT
This section has been amended at the state or city level.

1701.1 Scope

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fumigation and insecticidal fogging operations within buildings, structures and spaces shall comply with this chapter.
Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 105.6.

1702.1 Definitions

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.

The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.

FUMIGANT. A substance which by itself or in combination with any other substance emits or liberates a gas, fume or vapor utilized for the destruction or control of insects, fungi, vermin, germs, rats or other pests, and shall be distinguished from insecticides and disinfectants which are essentially effective in the solid or liquid phases. Examples are methyl bromide, ethylene dibromide, hydrogen cyanide, carbon disulfide and sulfuryl fluoride.

FUMIGATION. The utilization within an enclosed space of a fumigant in concentrations that are hazardous or acutely toxic to humans.

INSECTICIDAL FOGGING. The utilization of insecticidal liquids passed through fog-generating units where, by means of pressure and turbulence, with or without the application of heat, such liquids are transformed and discharged in the form of fog or mist blown into an area to be treated.

1703.1 General

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Buildings, structures and spaces in which fumigation and insecticidal fogging operations are conducted shall comply with the fire protection and safety requirements of Sections 1703.2 through 1703.7.

1703.2 Sources of Ignition

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Fires, open flames and similar sources of ignition shall be eliminated from the space under fumigation or insecticidal fogging. Heating, where needed, shall be of an approved type.

1703.2.1 Electricity

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Electricity in any part of the building, structure or space where operation of switches or electrical devices, equipment or systems could serve as a source of ignition shall be shut off.

Exception: Circulating fans that have been specifically designed for utilization in hazardous atmospheres and installed in accordance with NFPA 70.

1703.2.2 Electronic Devices

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Electronic devices, including portable equipment and cellular phones, shall be shut off. Telephone lines shall be disconnected from telephones.

1703.2.3 Duration

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Sources of ignition shall be shut off during the fumigation activity and remain shut off until the ventilation required in Section 1703.6 is completed.

1703.3 Notification

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
The fire code official and fire chief shall be notified in writing not less than 48 hours before the building, structure or space is to be closed in connection with the utilization of any toxic or flammable fumigant. Notification shall give the location of the enclosed space to be fumigated or fogged, the occupancy, the fumigants or insecticides to be utilized, the person or persons responsible for the operation, and the date and time at which the operation will begin. Written notice of any fumigation or insecticidal fogging operation shall be given to all affected occupants of the building, structure or space in which such operations are to be conducted with sufficient advance notice to allowthe occupants to evacuate the building, structure or space. Such notice shall inform the occupants as to the purposes, anticipated duration and hazards associated with the fumigation or insecticidal fogging operation

1703.3.1 Warning Signs

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Approved warning signs indicating the danger, type of chemical involved and necessary precautions shall be posted on all doors and entrances to the affected building, structure or space and upon all gangplanks and ladders from the deck, pier or land to a ship. Such notices shall be printed in red ink on a white background. Letters in the headlines shall be not less than 2 inches (51 mm) in height and shall state the date and time of the operation, the name and address of the person, the name of the operator in charge, and a warning stating that the affected building, structure or space shall be vacated not less than 1 hour before the operation begins and shall not be reentered until the danger signs have been removed by the proper authorities.

1703.3.2 Breathing Apparatus

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Persons engaged in the business of fumigation or insecticidal fogging shall maintain and have available approved protective breathing apparatus.

1703.3.3 Watch Personnel

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
During the period fumigation is in progress, except where fumigation is conducted in a gas-tight vault or tank, a responsible watchperson shall remain on duty at the entrance or entrances to the enclosed fumigated space until after the fumigation is completed and the building, structure or space is properly ventilated and safe for occupancy. Sufficient watchers shall be provided to prevent persons from entering the enclosed space under fumigation without being observed.

1703.3.4 Evacuation During Fumigation

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Occupants of the building, structure or space to be fumigated, except the personnel conducting the fumigation, shall be evacuated from such building, structure or space prior to commencing fumigation operations.

1703.3.5 Evacuation During Insecticidal Fogging Operations

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Occupants in the building, structure or space to be fogged, except the personnel conducting the insecticidal fogging operations, shall be evacuated from such building, structure or space prior to commencing fogging operations.

1703.4 Thermal Insecticidal Fogging Liquids

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Insecticidal fogging liquids with a flash point below 100°F (38°C) shall not be utilized.

1703.5 Sealing of Buildings, Structures and Spaces

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
Paper and other similar materials that do not meet the flame propagation performance criteria of Test Method 1 or Test Method 2, as appropriate, of NFPA 701 shall not be used to wrap or cover a building, structure or space in excess of that required for the sealing of cracks, casements and similar openings.

1703.5.1 Maintenance of Openings

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This section has been amended at the state or city level.
All openings to the building, structure or space to be fumigated or fogged shall be kept securely closed during such operation.
At the end of the exposure period, fumigators shall safely and properly ventilate the premises and contents; properly dispose of fumigant containers, residues, debris and other materials used for such fumigation; and clear obstructions from gas-fired appliance vents.
The use of carbon disulfide and hydrogen cyanide shall be restricted to agricultural fumigation.
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