The following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code, have the meanings shown herein.
DRY CLEANING. The process of removing dirt, grease, paints and other stains from such items as wearing apparel, textiles, fabrics and rugs by use of nonaqueous liquids (solvents).
DRY CLEANING PLANT. A facility in which dry cleaning and associated operations are conducted, including the office, receiving area and storage rooms.
DRY CLEANING ROOM. An occupiable space within a building used for performing dry cleaning operations, the installation of solvent-handling equipment or the storage of dry cleaning solvents.
DRY CLEANING SYSTEM. Machinery or equipment in which textiles are immersed or agitated in solvent or in which dry cleaning solvent is extracted from textiles.
SOLVENT OR LIQUID CLASSIFICATIONS. A method for classifying solvents or liquids according to the following classes:
Class I solvents. Liquids having a flash point below 100°F (38°C).
Class II solvents. Liquids having a flash point at or above 100°F (38°C) and below 140°F (60°C).
Class IIIA solvents. Liquids having a flash point at or above 140°F (60°C) and below 200°F (93°C).
Class IIIB solvents. Liquids having a flash point at or above 200°F (93°C).
Class IV solvents. Liquids classified as nonflammable.
Dry cleaning solvents shall be classified according to their flash points as follows:
1. Class I solvents are liquids having a flash point below 100°F (38°C).
2. Class II solvents are liquids having a flash point at or above 100°F (38°C) and below 140°F (60°C).
3. Class IIIA solvents are liquids having a flash point at or above 140°F (60°C) and below 200°F (93°C).
4. Class IIIB solvents are liquids having a flash point at or above 200°F (93°C).
5. Class IV solvents are liquids classified as nonflammable.
Dry cleaning plants and systems shall be classified based on the solvents used as follows:
1. Type I—systems using Class I solvents.
2. Type II—systems using Class II solvents.
3. Type III-A—systems using Class IIIA solvents.
4. Type III-B—systems using Class IIIB solvents.
5. Type IV—systems using Class IV solvents in which dry cleaning is not conducted by the public.
6. Type V—systems using Class IV solvents in which dry cleaning is conducted by the public.
Spotting and pretreating operations conducted in accordance with Section 1206 shall not change the type of the dry cleaning plant.
Type IV and V dry cleaning systems shall be provided with an automatically activated exhaust ventilation system to maintain a minimum of 100 feet per minute (0.51 m/s) air velocity through the loading door when the door is opened. Such systems for dry cleaning equipment shall comply with the International Mechanical Code.
Exception: Dry cleaning units are not required to be provided with exhaust ventilation where an exhaust hood is installed immediately outside of and above the loading door which operates at an airflow rate as follows:
Q = 100 × ALD (Equation 12-1)
Q = flow rate exhausted through the hood, cubic feet per minute (m3/s).
ALD = area of the loading door, square feet (m2).
When approved, articles that cannot be washed in the usual washing machines are allowed to be cleaned in scrubbing tubs. Scrubbing tubs shall comply with the following:
1. Only Class II or III liquids shall be used.
2. The total amount of solvent used in such open containers shall not exceed 3 gallons (11 L).
3. Scrubbing tubs shall be secured to the floor.
4. Scrubbing tubs shall be provided with permanent 11/2- inch (38 mm) drains. Such drain shall be provided with a trap and shall be connected to an approved container.
- An automatic sprinkler system shall not be required in
Type III-A dry cleaning plants where the aggregate
quantity of Class III-A solvent in dry cleaning
machines and storage does not exceed 330 gallons
(1250 L) and dry cleaning machines are equipped
with a feature that will accomplish any one of the following:
- Prevent oxygen concentrations from reaching 8 percent or more by volume.
- Keep the temperature of the solvent at least 30° F (16.7° C) below the flash point.
- Maintain the solvent vapor concentration at a level lower than 25 percent of the lower explosive limit (LEL).
- Utilize equipment approved for use in Class I, Division 2 hazardous locations in accordance with NFPA 70.
- Utilize an integrated dry-chemical, clean agent or water-mist automatic fire-extinguishing system designed in accordance with Chapter 9.
- An automatic sprinkler system shall not be required in Type III-B dry cleaning plants where the aggregate quantity of Class III-B solvent in dry cleaning machines and storage does not exceed 3,300 gallons (12 490 L).
Type II dry cleaning units, washer-extractors, and drying tumblers in Type II dry cleaning plants shall be provided with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system installed and maintained in accordance with Chapter 9.
Exception: Where approved, a manual steam jet not less than 3/4 inch (19 mm) with a continuously available steam supply at a pressure not less than 15 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) (103 kPa) is allowed to be substituted for the automatic fire-extinguishing system.